City of Creve Coeur, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 300.010 Definitions. [1]

[R.O. 2008 §16-1; Ord. No. 977 §1(1.1) — (1.94), 1-5-1981; Ord. No. 1006 §§1, 3, 12-14-1981; Ord. No. 1577 §1, 5-10-1993; Ord. No. 2049 §§1 — 2, 1-24-2000; Ord. No. 5243 §4, 2-13-2012; Ord. No. 5264 §§12 — 13, 8-27-2012]
The following words and phrases, unless otherwise defined herein, when used in this Title, mean:
ACCIDENT
An unintended event that produces injury or damage. The word "injury" includes "fatal injury". A motor vehicle accident is an accident involving a motor vehicle in transport, but not including aircraft or watercraft.
ALCOHOL
Any substance containing any form of alcohol including, but not limited to, ethanol, methanol, propanol and isopropanol.
ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION
As used in this Title, percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred (100) milliliters of blood or two hundred ten (210) liters of breath and may be shown by chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, saliva or urine. For the purposes of determining the alcoholic content of a person's blood under this Section, the test shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Sections 577.020 to 577.041, RSMo.
ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLE
Any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is fifty (50) inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of one thousand five hundred (1,500) pounds or less, traveling on three (3), four (4) or more non-highway tires.
[Ord. No. 5414 §1, 2-9-2015]
ASTRIDE
With one (1) leg on each side.
AUTOCYCLE
A three-wheeled motor vehicle which the drivers and passengers ride in a partially or completely enclosed non-straddle seating area that is designed to be controlled with a steering wheel and pedals, and that has met applicable Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration requirements or Federal Motor Cycle Safety Standards.
[Ord. No. 5540 § 1, 8-28-2017]
AXLE LOAD
The total load transmitted to the road by all wheels whose centers are included between two (2) parallel transverse vertical planes forty (40) inches apart, extending across the full width of the vehicle.
BICYCLE
Every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1) or two (2) forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices.
BICYCLE HELMET
A piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission Federal safety standards, those developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Snell Memorial Foundation or the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM).
BUS
A motor vehicle designed primarily for the transportation of a driver and eight (8) or more passengers, but not including shuttle buses.
BUS ZONE
A portion of a roadway adjacent to the curb which has been marked by appropriate signs or painted markings and which is primarily reserved for the use of buses while loading and unloading passengers.
BUSINESS DISTRICT
The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred (600) feet along the highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes including, but not limited to, hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred (300) feet of frontage on one (1) side or three hundred (300) feet collectively on both sides of the highway.
CENTERLINE
A continuous or broken line marked upon the surface of a roadway by paint or otherwise to indicate each portion of the roadway allocated to traffic proceeding in opposite directions and, if the line is not so painted or otherwise marked, it is an imaginary line in the roadway equally distant from the edges or curbs of the roadway.
CHAUFFEUR
A person who is employed for the principal purpose of operating a motor vehicle or any person who drives a motor vehicle while in use as a public or common carrier of persons or property for hire.
COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE
A license issued by this State to an individual, which authorizes the individual to operate a commercial motor vehicle.
COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE
A motor vehicle designed or regularly used for carrying freight and merchandise or more than eight (8) passengers, but not including vanpools or shuttle buses.
CONTROLLED OR LIMITED ACCESS STREET OR HIGHWAY
Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over the highway, street or roadway.
CONVICTION
Any final conviction; also a forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure a defendant's appearance in court, which forfeiture has not been vacated, shall be equivalent to a conviction, except that when any conviction as a result of which points are assessed under Section 302.302, RSMo., is appealed, the term "conviction" means the original judgment of conviction for the purpose of determining the assessment of points and the date of final judgment affirming the conviction shall be the date determining the beginning of any license suspension or revocation under Section 302.304, RSMo.
CROSSWALK
1. 
That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.
2. 
Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
CURB
The lateral boundaries of that portion of the street designated for the use of vehicles, whether marked with curbstones or not.
CURB LOADING ZONE
A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
DAYTIME
The period of time from one-half (½) hour before sunrise to one-half (½) hour after sunset.
DEALER
Any person engaged in the sale or exchange of new, used or reconstructed motor vehicles or trailers.
DERELICT VEHICLE
Any partially dismantled, non-operating, wrecked or junked motor vehicle of any type left or abandoned by its owner or guardian upon any highway, street, roadway, thoroughfare or private property within this City.
DIRECTOR OR DIRECTOR OF REVENUE
The Director of the State Department of Revenue.
DRAG RACE
The operation of two (2) or more vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other or the operation of one (1) or more vehicles over a common selected course, from the same point to the same point, for the purpose of comparing the relative speeds or power of acceleration of such vehicle or vehicles within a certain distance or time limit.
DRIVER
Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
DRIVER'S LICENSE (OR LICENSE)
A license, permit or privilege to drive a motor vehicle issued under or granted by the laws of this State. The term includes any temporary license or instruction permit, any non-resident driving privilege and the privilege of any person to drive a motor vehicle whether or not the person holds a valid license.
EMERGENCY TOW
The towing of a motor vehicle or derelict motor vehicle that presents a real or imminent danger or hazard to the safety of others or a menace to traffic.
EMERGENCY VEHICLE
A vehicle of any of the following types:
[Ord. No. 5540 § 2, 8-28-2017]
1. 
A vehicle operated by the State Highway Patrol, the State Water Patrol, the Missouri Capitol Police, a Conservation Agent or a State Park Ranger, those vehicles operated by enforcement personnel of the State Highways and Transportation Commission, Police Department or Fire District, Sheriff, Constable or Deputy Sheriff, Federal Law Enforcement Officer authorized to carry firearms and to make arrests for violations of the laws of the United States, traffic officer or Coroner or by a privately owned emergency vehicle company;
2. 
A vehicle operated as an ambulance or operated commercially for the purpose of transporting emergency medical supplies or organs;
3. 
Any vehicle qualifying as an emergency vehicle pursuant to Section 310.050 of this Title;
4. 
Any wrecker or tow truck or a vehicle owned and operated by a public utility or public service corporation while performing emergency service;
5. 
Any vehicle transporting equipment designed to extricate human beings from the wreckage of a motor vehicle;
6. 
Any vehicle designated to perform emergency functions for a civil defense or emergency management agency established pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 44, RSMo.;
7. 
Any vehicle operated by an authorized employee of the Department of Corrections who, as part of the employee's official duties, is responding to a riot, disturbance, hostage incident, escape or other critical situation where there is the threat of serious physical injury or death, responding to mutual-aid call from another criminal justice agency, or in accompanying an ambulance which is transporting an offender to a medical facility;
8. 
Any vehicle designated to perform hazardous substance emergency functions established pursuant to the provisions of Sections 260.500 to 260.550, RSMo.;
9. 
Any vehicle owned by the Missouri Highways and Transportation Commission and operated by an authorized employee of the Department of Transportation that is marked as a Department of Transportation emergency response or motorist assist vehicle;
10. 
Any vehicle owned and operated by the civil support team of the Missouri National Guard while in response to or during operations involving chemical, biological, or radioactive materials or in support of official requests from the State of Missouri involving unknown substances, hazardous materials, or as may be requested by the appropriate State agency acting on behalf of the Governor.
ENDORSEMENTS
Driving privileges indicated by a letter code on a person's driver's license permitting a person to operate a certain type(s) of vehicle(s).[2]
FARM EQUIPMENT
A tractor or other equipment used exclusively for agricultural purposes.
FARM VEHICLE
A commercial motor vehicle controlled and operated by a farmer used exclusively for the transportation of agricultural products, farm machinery, farm supplies or a combination of these within one hundred fifty (150) miles of the farm, other than one which requires placarding for hazardous materials or used in the operation of a common or contract motor carrier.
FIRE LANE
Areas designated as fire lanes by the Fire District.
FREIGHT CURB LOADING ZONE
A space adjacent to a curb for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight (or passengers).
GROSS COMBINATION WEIGHT RATING OR GCWR
The value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a combination (articulated) vehicle. In the absence of a value specified by the manufacturer, GCWR will be determined by adding the GVWR of the power unit and the total weight of the towed unit and any load thereon.
GROSS VEHICLE WEIGHT RATING OR GVWR
The value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle.
GROSS WEIGHT
The weight of a vehicle and/or vehicle combination without load, plus the weight of any load thereon.
HIGHWAY OR IMPROVED HIGHWAY
See "STREET OR HIGHWAY".
IMPROVED HIGHWAY
A highway which has been paved with gravel, macadam, concrete, brick or asphalt or surfaced in such a manner that it shall have a hard, smooth surface.
IN-LINE SKATES, ROLLER SKATES
A pair of devices worn on the feet with a set of wheels attached, regardless of the number or placement of those wheels, and used to guide or propel the user over the ground.
INCOMPETENT TO DRIVE A MOTOR VEHICLE
A person who has become physically incapable of meeting the prescribed requirements of an examination for an operator's license, or who has been adjudged by a Probate Division of the Circuit Court in a capacity hearing of being incapacitated.
INITIAL TOW
The towing of a vehicle under emergency conditions in a first (1st) move from the site of a malfunction or accident to the nearest appropriate repair or storage facility.
INTERSECTING HIGHWAY
Any highway which joins another, whether or not it crosses the same.
INTERSECTION
1. 
The area embraced within the prolongation of connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two (2) highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
2. 
Where a highway includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event that such intersecting highway also includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
3. 
The junction of an alley with a street or highway shall not constitute an intersection.
INTERSTATE
The roadway known as Interstate 270 (I-270).
JUDGMENT
A final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction of any State or of the United States upon a claim for relief for damages, including damages for care and loss of services, because of bodily injury to or death of any person or for damages because of injury to or destruction of property, including the loss of use thereof, or upon a claim for relief on any agreement or settlement for such damages arising out of the ownership, maintenance or use of any motor vehicle.
LANED ROADWAY
A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
LICENSE
See "DRIVER'S LICENSE".
LITTER
Garbage, refuse, rubbish and all other waste material or any combination thereof.
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
Every County, municipal and other local board or body having authority to enact laws relating to traffic under the Constitution and the laws of the State.
MOTOR VEHICLE
Any self-propelled vehicle not operated exclusively upon tracks, except farm tractors and motorized bicycles.
MOTORCYCLE
Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
MOTORIST
See "DRIVER".
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
Any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimeters, which produces less than three (3) gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.
MOVING VIOLATION
That character of traffic violation where at the time of the violation the motor vehicle involved is in motion, except that the term does not include the driving of a motor vehicle without a valid motor vehicle registration license or violations of Sections 304.170 to 304.240, RSMo., inclusive, relating to sizes and weights of vehicles.
MUNICIPAL COURT
Every Division of the Circuit Court having the original jurisdiction to try persons for violations of City ordinances.
MUNICIPALITY
Includes Cities, Towns and Villages, whether incorporated or not.
NIGHTTIME
Any time other than that designated as daytime.
NO-PASSING ZONE
Any zone determined and indicated by signs or markings where overtaking and passing is deemed unsafe and under this Chapter is declared unlawful.
NON-EMERGENCY TOW
The towing of a motor vehicle or derelict motor vehicle that is parked or abandoned in violation of the City ordinances and does not present a real or imminent danger or hazard to the safety of others or a menace to traffic.
NON-RESIDENT OF THE CITY
Every person who is not a resident of the City.
NON-RESIDENT OF THE STATE
Every person who is not a resident of the State.
NON-RESIDENT'S OPERATING PRIVILEGE
The privilege conferred upon a non-resident by the laws of this State pertaining to the operation by him/her of a motor vehicle or the use of a motor vehicle owned by him/her in this State.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD
Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean standard time or daylight-saving time as may be in current use in the City.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES
All signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this Title placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
ONE-WAY STREET
A street where vehicles are by law required to move only in one (1) direction.
OTHER PUBLIC RIGHTS-OF-WAY
Any rights-of-way other than a public roadway, public bicycle path or sidewalk that is under the jurisdiction and control of the State or the City of Creve Coeur.
OUT-OF-SERVICE ORDER
A temporary prohibition against driving a commercial motor vehicle.
OWNER
Includes any person who holds the legal title of a vehicle or in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or in the event a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for purposes of this law.
PARK OR PARKING
The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.
PARKING LOT
Areas on private or public property providing for parking automobiles or other vehicles and which are regularly used by the public incident to commercial or institutional purposes of the owner or occupant of the property, whether provided for hire or gratuitously.
PASSENGER
Any person who travels in a motor vehicle in any manner except as a driver; and any person who travels on a bicycle in any manner except as the operator.
PASSENGER CURB LOADING ZONE
A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
PEDESTRIAN
Any person afoot.
PERSON
Every natural person, firm, co-partnership, association or corporation.
POLICE OFFICER
Every officer of the City Police Department or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
PRIMARY TOW
See "INITIAL TOW".
PRIVATE ROAD OR DRIVEWAY
Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having expressed or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons.
PROOF OF FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Proof of ability to respond in damages for liability, on account of accidents occurring subsequent to the effective date of such proof, arising out of the ownership, maintenance or use of a motor vehicle in the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000.00) because of bodily injury to or death of one (1) person in any one (1) accident and, subject to such limit for one (1) person, in the amount of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000.00) because of bodily injury to or death of two (2) or more persons in any one (1) accident and in the amount of ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00) because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any one (1) accident.
PUBLIC BICYCLE PATH
A right-of-way under the jurisdiction and control of the State or the City of Creve Coeur for use primarily by bicyclists and pedestrians.
PUBLIC GARAGE
A place of business where motor vehicles are housed, stored, repaired, reconstructed or repainted for persons other than the owners or operators of such place of business.
RAILROAD
A carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails.
RAILROAD TRAIN
A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
RECOGNIZANCE
An obligation requiring the accused to appear at all appropriate times and places or forfeit any bail and subject himself/herself to criminal penalty for failure to appear.
RECREATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle designed, constructed or substantially modified so that it may be used or is used for the purposes of temporary housing quarters, including therein sleeping and eating facilities which are either permanently attached to the motor vehicle or attached to a unit which is securely attached to the motor vehicle. Nothing herein shall prevent any motor vehicle being registered as a commercial motor vehicle if the motor vehicle could otherwise be so registered.
RECREATIONAL OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE
Any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is more than fifty (50) inches but no more than sixty-seven (67) inches in width, with an unladen dry weight of two thousand (2,000) pounds or less, traveling on four (4) or more non-highway tires and which may have access to ATV trails.
[Ord. No. 5414 §1, 2-9-2015]
REGISTRATION
Registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of the State pertaining to the registration of motor vehicles.
RELEASE ON PERSONAL RECOGNIZANCE OR RELEASE ON OWN RECOGNIZANCE
The release of a defendant without bail, bail bond or sureties upon his/her promise to appear at all appropriate times and places and which subjects him/her to criminal penalty for failure to appear.
RESIDENCE DISTRICT
The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred (300) feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
RESTRICTIONS
Driving restrictions identified by letter code indicated on a person's driver's license.
REVOCATION
The termination by formal action of the Department of Revenue of a person's license.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
The right of one (1) vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
ROAD OR ROADWAY
See "STREET OR HIGHWAY".
SAFETY ZONE
The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
SCHOOL BUS
Any motor vehicle, either publicly or privately owned, used to transport students to and from school or to transport pupils properly chaperoned to and from any place within the State for educational purposes. The term "school bus" shall not include a bus operated by a public utility, municipal corporation or common carrier authorized to conduct local or interstate transportation or passengers when such bus is not traveling a specific school bus route, but is:
1. 
On a regularly scheduled route for the transportation of fare-paying passengers; or
2. 
Furnishing charter service for the transportation of persons enrolled as students on field trips or other special trips or in connection with other special events.
SCHOOL BUS OPERATOR
An operator who operates a school bus as defined in this Section in the transportation of any schoolchildren and who receives compensation for such service. The term "school bus operator" shall not include any person who transports schoolchildren as an incident to employment with a school or school district, such as a teacher, coach, administrator, secretary, school nurse or janitor unless such person is under contract with or employed by a school or school district as a school bus operator.
SCHOOL BUS PERMIT
A special card issued to qualified operators of school buses that allows the operator to drive certain types of school buses and may be either a Type 1 or Type 2 permit depending on the size of the bus. A Type 1 permit applies to buses designed for fifteen (15) or more student passengers; a Type 2 permit applies to buses designed for fourteen (14) or fewer student passengers.
SCHOOL ZONE
All of the street along the property line of the school, plus a three hundred (300) foot extension thereof in both directions.
SHUTTLE BUS
A motor vehicle used or maintained by any person, firm or corporation as an incidental service to transport patrons or customers of the regular business of such person, firm or corporation to and from the place of business of the person, firm or corporation providing the service at no fee or charge. Shuttle buses shall not be registered as buses or as commercial motor vehicles.
SIDEWALK
That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for use of pedestrians.
SKATEBOARD
A set of wheels attached to a platform or flat surface, regardless of the number or placement of those wheels, and used to glide or propel the user over the ground.
SPECIAL MOBILE EQUIPMENT
Every self-propelled vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and incidentally operated or moved over the highways, including farm equipment implements of husbandry, road construction or maintenance machinery, ditch-digging apparatus, stone crushers, air compressors, power shovels, cranes, graders, rollers, well drillers and wood-sawing equipment used for hire, asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth-moving carryalls, scrapers, drag lines, rock-drilling and earth-moving equipment. This enumeration shall be deemed partial and shall not operate to exclude other such vehicles which are within the general terms of this Subsection.
STAND OR STANDING
The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
STATE
Any State, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia or any province of the Dominion of Canada.
STOP
When required, complete cessation from movement.
STOP OR STOPPING
When prohibited, any halting even momentarily of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a Police Officer or traffic control sign or signal.
STREET OR HIGHWAY
That portion of a road or highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a highway includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term "roadway", as used herein, shall refer to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
SUBSEQUENT TOW
The towing of a vehicle from one repair or storage facility to another repair or storage facility.
SUSPENSION
The temporary withdrawal by formal action of the Department of Revenue of a person's license. The suspension shall be for a period specifically designated by the Department of Revenue pursuant to the provisions of Sections 302.500 to 302.540, RSMo.
TANDEM AXLE
A group of two (2) or more axles arranged one behind another, the distance between the extremes of which is more than forty (40) inches and not more than ninety-six (96) inches apart.
THROUGH HIGHWAY, ROAD OR STREET
Every highway, road or street or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways, roads or streets is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such highways, roads or streets in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign, when such signs are erected as provided in this Chapter.
TOW TRUCK
A vehicle designed or manufactured primarily for the towing of other vehicles.
TRAFFIC
Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES
All signs, signals, markings and devices placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL
Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
TRAFFIC DIVISION
When used in this Chapter shall be deemed to refer to the Police Department of the City.
TRAILER
Any vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers on its own structure and for being drawn by a self-propelled vehicle, except those running exclusively on tracks, including a semi-trailer or vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a self-propelled vehicle that a considerable part of its own weight rests upon and is carried by the towing vehicle. The term "trailer" shall not include cotton trailers as defined in this Section and shall not include manufactured homes as defined in Section 700.010, RSMo.
TRUCK
A motor vehicle designed, used or maintained for the transportation of property.
TRUCK-TRACTOR
A combination vehicle in which the two (2) trailing units are connected with a B-train assembly which is a rigid frame extension attached to the rear frame of a first (1st) semi-trailer which allows for a fifth (5th) wheel connection point for the second (2nd) semi-trailer and has one (1) less articulation point than the conventional A-dolly connected truck-tractor semi-trailer-trailer combination.
U-TURN
A turn by which a vehicle initially travels in one (1) direction, makes a movement resembling the letter "U" and, upon completion of such movement, travels in the opposite direction to the direction of travel in which the vehicle was traveling prior to the start of the turning movement.
UNATTENDED MOTOR VEHICLE
Any vehicle whose operator is not in position to take immediate physical control of the vehicle or is not in adequate mental or physical condition to drive the vehicle if necessary.
UTILITY VEHICLE
Any motorized vehicle manufactured and used exclusively for off-highway use which is more than fifty (50) inches but no more than sixty-seven (67) inches in width, with an unladen dry weight of two thousand pounds or less, traveling on four (4) or six (6) wheels, to be used primarily for landscaping, lawn care or maintenance purposes.
[Ord. No. 5414 §1, 2-9-2015]
U/Z RESTRICTION CARD
A special card issued to operators of motor vehicles, in addition to a license, when that operator has more than five (5) uncommon restrictions to their driving privilege.
VAN POOL
Any van or other motor vehicle used or maintained by any person, group, firm, corporation, association, City, County or State agency or any member thereof for the transportation of not less than eight (8) nor more than forty-eight (48) employees, per motor vehicle, to and from their place of employment; however, a van pool shall not be included in the definition of the term "bus" or "commercial motor vehicle" as defined in this Section. A van pool driver shall not be deemed a "chauffeur", nor shall use of a van pool vehicle for ride-sharing arrangements, recreational, personal or maintenance uses constitute an unlicensed use of the motor vehicle, unless used for monetary profit other than for use in a ride-sharing arrangement.
VEHICLE
Any mechanical device on wheels designed primarily for use or used on highways, except motorized bicycles, vehicles propelled or drawn by horses or human power, or vehicles used exclusively on fixed rails or tracks, cotton trailers, or motorized wheelchairs operated by physically disabled persons.
[1]
Cross Reference — Rules of construction and definitions generally, §100.020.
State Law References — Similar provisions, §§300.010, 301.010, 302.010, 303.020, RSMo.
[2]
Reference — License and endorsements — Missouri Department of Revenue Law Enforcement Guide to Driver Licensing.

Section 300.020 Permitting A Violation.

[R.O. 2008 §16-203; Ord. No. 977 §1(3.15), 1-5-1981]
It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to authorize or permit a motor vehicle owned by him/her or under his/her control to be driven by any person in violation of any of the provisions of this Title or any of the motor vehicle laws of this State.

Section 300.030 Parties To An Offense.

[R.O. 2008 §16-7; Ord. No. 977 §1(15.1), 1-5-1981]
Every person who commits, attempts to commit, conspires to commit or aids or abets in the commission of any act, declared herein to be unlawful, whether individually or in connection with one (1) or more other persons or as a principal agent or accessory, shall be guilty of such offense and every person who falsely, fraudulently, forcibly or willfully induces, causes, coerces, requires, permits or directs another to violate any provision of this Chapter is likewise guilty of such offense.

Section 300.040 Special Enforcement Area.

[R.O. 2008 §16-8; Ord. No. 2101 §1, 12-11-2000; Ord. No. 2119 §1, 4-23-2001; Ord. No. 5504 § 1, 10-10-2016]
A. 
For purposes of this Section, "special enforcement area" is defined as follows: Any public or private roadway or street, where the speed limit has been established at thirty (30) miles per hour or less and/or any roadway or street posted as a school zone.
B. 
Conviction of a speed limit violation in a "special enforcement area," as defined in this Section, is punishable by an enhanced fine. In order to determine the appropriate fine, any person found guilty of exceeding the speed limit in a special enforcement area within the City limits of the City of Creve Coeur shall be fined at a rate of double the standard fine for such violation up to applicable maximum limitations.

Section 300.050 Construction Zone and Work Zone — Penalty For Violations. [1]

[R.O. 2008 §16-9; Ord. No. 2167 §1, 1-28-2002; Ord. No. 2183 §1, 6-10-2002]
A. 
Prohibited Acts.
1. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may not exceed the posted speed limit within a "construction zone" or "work zone". This Subsection applies to a construction zone or work zone located upon a street or highway consisting of two (2) or more marked lanes for traffic moving in the same direction and for which motor vehicles are instructed to merge from one (1) lane into another lane by an appropriate sign erected by the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur or a contractor performing work for the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur.
2. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may not overtake or pass another motor vehicle within a work zone or construction zone. This Subsection applies to a construction zone or work zone located upon a highway divided into two (2) or more marked lanes for traffic moving in the same direction and for which motor vehicles are instructed to merge from one lane into another lane by an appropriate sign.
B. 
Increased Penalty For Violation Occurring In Designated Construction Zones.
1. 
Upon the first (1st) conviction or plea of guilty by any person for a moving violation as defined in Section 302.010, RSMo., or any offense listed in Section 302.302, RSMo., the court shall assess a fine of thirty-five dollars ($35.00) in addition to any other fine authorized to be imposed by law, if the offense occurred within a construction zone or a work zone. Upon a second (2nd) or subsequent such conviction or plea of guilty, the court shall assess a fine of seventy-five dollars ($75.00) in addition to any other fine authorized to be imposed by law.
2. 
Upon a conviction or plea of guilty by any person for a speeding violation pursuant to either Section 320.010 or a passing violation pursuant to Sections 340.150 through 340.180 of this Title, the court shall assess a fine of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) in addition to any other fine authorized by law, if the offense occurred within a construction zone or a work zone established by the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur and at the time the speeding or passing violation occurred there was any person in such zone who was there to perform duties related to the reason for which the area was designated a construction zone or work zone.
a. 
However, no person assessed an additional fine pursuant to this Subsection shall also be assessed an additional fine pursuant to Subsection (B)(1) of this Section and no person shall be assessed an additional fine pursuant to this Subsection if no signs have been posted pursuant to Subsection (C) of this Section.
b. 
The penalty authorized by this Subsection shall only be assessed by the court if the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur or a contractor performing work for the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur has erected signs upon or around a construction or work zone, which are clearly visible from the street or highway and which state substantially the following message: "Warning: $250 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone".
C. 
Status Of Work Zones, Signs Required.
1. 
Active work zones.
a. 
Construction zone or work zone. Any area upon or around any street or highway which is visibly marked by the Missouri Department of Transportation, St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur or by a contractor performing work for the Missouri Department of Transportation, St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur as an area where construction, maintenance or other work is temporarily occurring. For all road construction projects, clearly visible signs that substantially state: "Construction zone" or "Work zone" shall be considered sufficient warning for imposition of the thirty-five dollar ($35.00) additional fine prescribed in Subsection (B)(1). The term "construction zone" or "work zone" also includes the lanes of the street or highway leading up to the area upon which an activity described in this Subsection is being performed, beginning at the point where appropriate signs directing motor vehicles to merge from one lane into another lane are posted.
b. 
"Work Zone Fine" signs for Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur road construction projects shall be erected in accordance with Subsection (C)(1)(a). upon or around a construction or work zone and must be sixty (60) inches in width and forty-eight (48) inches in height, clearly visible from the street or highway and state substantially the following message: "Warning: $250 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone". Such signs shall be furnished and installed by the contractor.
2. 
Inactive work zone.
a. 
During any day in which no person is present in a construction zone or work zone established pursuant to this Section to perform duties related to the purpose of the zone, the sign "Warning: $250 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone" shall not be visible to motorists. During any period of two (2) hours or more in which no person is present in such zone on a day in which persons have been or will be present to perform duties related to the reason for which the area was designated as a construction zone or work zone, the sign "Warning: $250 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone" shall not be visible to motorists. The Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur or a contractor performing work for the Missouri Department of Transportation or St. Louis County or the City of Creve Coeur shall be responsible for compliance with provisions of this Subsection. Nothing in this Subsection shall prohibit warning or traffic control signs necessary for public safety in the construction or work zone being visible to motorists at all times.
b. 
Traffic violations may be cited in inactive construction zones pursuant to the traffic ordinances of the City of Creve Coeur, however, the increased penalty as outlined in Subsection (B)(2) of this Section shall not be in effect.
D. 
This Section shall not be construed to enhance the assessment of court costs or the assessment of points pursuant to Section 302.302, RSMo.
[1]
State Law Reference — Similar provisions, §304.580, RSMo.