City of Blue Springs, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[R.O. 1996 § 404.180; Ord. No. 4558 § 1, 8-3-2015]
A. 
Intent. By providing for flexible use or property development standards tailored to individual projects or specific properties, the R-O, Restricted Overlay District is intended to:
1. 
Ensure compatibility among incompatible or potentially incompatible land uses;
2. 
Ease the transition from one (1) zoning district to another;
3. 
Address sites or land uses with special requirements;
4. 
Guide development in unusual situations or unique circumstances, through a higher degree of specific planning for the site and vicinity; and
5. 
Integrate a mix of different uses in a compact and walkable pattern to meet the targets and range of uses identified for the places in the Comprehensive Plan.
B. 
Applicability. The R-O, Restricted Overlay District, may be applied in combination with any base zoning district through the planned development process in Chapter 403. Although the R-O zoning may be more specific and apply to a specific development project, the plan to support the R-O zoning shall consider the broader context and consist of at least ten (10) acres. Where any of this area is not under the control of the applicant, this plan may document existing conditions and likely future conditions of land use, development patterns, scale and intensity of buildings, open space systems and street networks and streetscape design, and how the proposed development impacts that context through the criteria of the planned development process.
C. 
Use And Property Development Standards. The R-O, Restricted Overlay District, can be used to modify and restrict the use and property development standards of an underlying base zoning district. All requirements of an R-O District are in addition to and supplement all other applicable standards and requirements of the underlying zoning district. Restrictions and conditions imposed by an R-O District may include the following:
1. 
Identifying the specific uses or range of uses as permitted, accessory or conditional uses, and in particular where those uses or restrictions differ from the base zoning district(s);
2. 
Specifying the number or average density of dwelling units that may be constructed throughout the project;
3. 
Specifying the types, location and amount of open spaces for different purposes (open space system, frontage types, and buffers, screens and landscape) throughout the project;
4. 
Adjusting the lot and building type standards to establish better relationships to the streetscapes and open spaces;
5. 
Restrictions on access to abutting properties and nearby roads, including specific design features;
6. 
Adjusting the application and effect of any of the general development standards in Chapter 407; and
7. 
Any other design or development conditions that coordinate different aspects of the planned development either within the plan or with adjacent property.
D. 
Method Of Adoption. Restrictions imposed through an R-O District are considered part of this Development Code text and Official Zoning Map. All property included in an R-O District shall be identified on the Zoning Map by adding the letters "R-O" to the base zoning district symbol. The ordinance zoning or rezoning property to the R-O District shall specifically state the modifications imposed pursuant to the R-O District. The restrictions imposed shall be considered part of the text of this Development Code and a violation of the restrictions shall be a violation of this Development Code. The restrictions shall continue in full force and effect until modified by the City Council by amendment to this Development Code.
[R.O. 1996 § 404.200; Ord. No. 4558 § 1, 8-3-2015]
A. 
Intent. The intent of the ADP-O, Adams Dairy Parkway Overlay District is to:
1. 
Provide for a high-quality, comprehensively designed and developed corridor that is well planned and well maintained;
2. 
Provide for incremental development and improvement of individual sites in a compatible manner, encouraging the most appropriate use;
3. 
Protect property and building values and value of City investments in the Adams Dairy Parkway Corridor and to maintain the tax base and foster development of quality commercial and residential structures;
4. 
Manage development in a way that preserves the integrity of natural systems present in the corridor planning area such as stormwater runoff, detention and management;
5. 
Implement development quality goals of the Adams Dairy Parkway Corridor Plan with reasonable consideration to the character of the district and its suitability for particular uses;
6. 
Protect extraordinary public investment in public infrastructure, public amenities and public facilities; and
7. 
Secure more business development in the City.
B. 
Effect Of Overlay District On Base District Regulations. The ADP-O District regulations apply in addition to the underlying (base) zoning district regulations to impose different development rules for properties within the Adams Dairy Parkway Corridor. In case of conflict between the ADP-O regulations of this Section and other regulations in this Development Code, the ADP-O regulations of this Section shall control. Where no special ADP-O regulation is stated, the regulations of the underlying base zoning shall control.
1. 
Residential Zoning Districts. Properties zoned SF-12, SF-7, TF, MF-10, MF-14 or MF-18 shall be developed as planned development in accordance with the PR-O District, the procedures of Section 403.040 and the regulations of Section 404.180. Except that in the ADP-O all buildings, paving area or parking areas shall be setback at least fifty (50) feet from the Adams Dairy Parkway right-of-way. No fence or wall shall extend into this area, and it may be incorporated into the open space system required by the PR-O and Section 406.030.
2. 
Non-Residential Zoning. Properties with the underlying zoning of NB, SO, GB, and LI shall comply with the following additional standards, except that medical marijuana uses as defined in Section 411.030 and identified in the Land Use Table 405.030-1 shall not be classified as a conditional use subject to discretionary review in the ADP-O and shall be permitted per the Land Use Table and underlying zoning district.
[Ord. No. 4826, 5-20-2019]
a. 
Uses. The Use Table applicable to each zoning district is modified according to Table 404.200-1, ADP-O supplemental use table.
Table 404.200-1: ADP-O Supplemental Use Table
NB
SO
GB
LI
Freestanding retail sales/service
C
C
C
All permitted or conditional uses in LI in the table converted to "C"
Bank or financial institutions
C
L/C
C
Restaurant
C
L/C
C
Drive-throughs
C
C
C
Hotel/Motel
C
C
Residential
X
Convalescent care
X
Photocopying and blue print services
P
Flex tech
P
Vehicle repair limited
C
Service station
C
Convenience Stores
C
P
=
Permitted use.
C
=
Conditional use subject to discretionary review.
L/C
=
Limited use only when incidental to an office or hotel/motel use, and limited to 20% of GFA of building; otherwise a conditional use subject to discretionary review.
X
=
Use otherwise permitted by Use Table, but specifically prohibited in ADP-O.
b. 
Frontage Types And Setbacks.
(1) 
Adams Dairy Parkway. All buildings paving or parking areas shall be setback at least fifty (50) feet from the Adams Dairy Parkway right-of-way. No fence or wall shall extend into this area, and it shall be designed and incorporated into the open space system and frontage types as a greenway in Section 406.030 with a terrace frontage type in Section 407.030.
(2) 
Other Streets. All other streets shall use the terrace frontage type in Section 407.030, with a twenty (20) foot setback/building line. Except that on activity streets, buildings and lots may apply the courtyard, frontage plaza or enhanced streetscape frontage.
(3) 
All open space and frontages shall be designed and maintained to screen off-street parking and service and loading areas from view of adjoining roadways and lots.
c. 
Building Intensity. Within the ADP-O District the floor area of all buildings as compared to lot area shall not exceed the following, and shall have site buffering and landscape equivalent to the following:
Table 404.200-2: ADP-O Building Intensity
Zoning District
Floor Area Ratio
Buffer/Landscape
NB
0.25:1
20%
SO
0.5:1
40%
GB
0.25:1
40%
LI
0.3:1
40%
HI
N/A, not allowed in ADP-O District
d. 
Height. No part of any structure shall penetrate an imaginary inclined plane that begins at the nearest boundary of an SF-7 or less intensive zoning district and extends upward at a ratio of one (1) foot of height to two (2) feet of horizontal distance.
e. 
Security Fencing And Gate Houses. Security fencing and gate houses shall be permitted to SO, GB, and LI Districts in the ADP-O. In such instances, security fencing shall be of quality masonry construction. In unusual circumstances other fencing material concealed by landscaping and berms may be considered. Gate houses shall reflect the architecture style and materials of the main building. No gate house, fence or wall will be permitted within any exterior or interior setback yard. For lots or properties less than ten (10) acres in size, security walls or fencing, when permitted, shall be limited to areas to the side or rear of main buildings only. In such cases, no fencing shall be placed between the main building and any property line adjacent to a public roadway.
3. 
HI, Heavy Industrial District. The HI District classification shall not be applied in combination with the ADP-O District.
C. 
Landscape And Buffer Reduction.
1. 
The City may allow a reduction in the open space requirements if:
a. 
The applicant demonstrates that comparable landscaping and buffering is provided as a result of:
(1) 
Providing more intensive landscaping which increases the quality of open space [maximum reduction allowed — five (5) percentage points];
(2) 
Incorporating public art into the development plan [maximum reduction allowed — ten (10) percentage points];
(3) 
Incorporating into the development plan fountains or plazas for general public use [maximum reduction allowed — ten (10) percentage points];
(4) 
Providing dedicated easements, access ways, or linear parks for general public use as part of a plan for the public realm that better coordinates street types in Section 406.020, open space systems in Section 406.030, and frontage types in Section 407.030 [maximum allowed — twenty (20) percentage points].
b. 
The applicant has or will donate or sell land to the City for uses for which the City deems a reduction in open space is appropriate.
2. 
In no case shall the open space requirement result in a reduction of the setback along Adams Dairy Parkway.
[R.O. 1996 § 404.220; Ord. No. 4558 § 1, 8-3-2015]
A. 
Intent. The intent of the Planned Residential Overlay District (PR-O District) is to encourage unique and high quality neighborhood development through an integrated neighborhood plan that provides flexibility to the underlying residential zoning district regulations. The use of the PR-O District can enhance the quality of development and amenities, improve the design of the public realm, increase compatibility between adjacent uses and developments, and reduce negative impacts by using techniques such as: large-scale developments; efficient use of land; innovative and imaginative architectural approaches; design and site planning standards; conservation and preservation of natural resources; urban amenities; and greater open space. The following are specific objectives of the PR-O District:
1. 
Planned residential developments are groupings of buildings or building sites that are planned as an integrated unit or clustered under unified control or ownership. The sale, subdivision or other partition of the property after zoning approval does not exempt the project or portions thereof from complying with the development standards, architectural quality, sign concepts and other conditions that were established at the time of rezoning. The submission and approval of concept and final plans represents a commitment by the developer that development will follow approved plans in all respects.
2. 
Planned residential developments should be designed in a manner that will produce more usable open space, better recreational opportunities and more attractive neighborhoods than would be produced using the minimum standards contained in the underlying residential zoning district regulations.
3. 
Encourage land that is to be annexed into the City of Blue Springs, where appropriate, be planned:
a. 
To meet the increasing need for residential units in all price ranges;
b. 
To provide amenities that enhance the overall quality of life within the planned development and surrounding community;
c. 
To improve the design quality of residential units within the City;
d. 
To coordinate with the City on capital improvements that are needed to serve new development areas; and
e. 
To implement the Comprehensive Plan or any other master planning documents approved by the City Council.
4. 
The developer may be given latitude in using innovative techniques in the development of land not otherwise developable with conventional zoning requirements.
B. 
Applicability. The PR-O District regulations may be applied in combination with any base residential zoning district through the planned development process in Chapter 403. The proposed plan may include different regulations or additional development rules and standards for properties within the PR-O District. In case of conflict between the PR-O District regulations of this Section and other regulations in this Title, the PR-O regulations of this Section shall control. Where no special PR-O District regulation is stated, the regulations of the underlying residential zoning district shall control.
C. 
Allowed Uses. In any PR-O District, unless otherwise restricted, any use permitted in the underlying (base) zoning district shall be permitted. The uses permitted in a PR-O District may be voluntarily restricted by the applicant, or restricted as a condition of approval of the concept or final plan by the Planning Commission or City Council.
D. 
Modification Of Underlying District Regulations. The PR-O District may modify the underlying district regulations through the planned development procedures in Chapter 403, and specifically through a concept plan identifying the modifications and the reasons for modifications to base standards. Changes in the allowed uses are not allowed through the PR-O District except that duplexes may be allowed in the SF-7 underlying zoning district through an approved PR-O concept plan.
E. 
Planned Residential Development Design Standards. All PR-O Districts shall be subject to the residential design standards in Section 407.080. In addition to any other applicable design standards in Chapter 407, the following standards shall also apply to the PR-O District.
1. 
Streetscape. All streets in the PR-O District shall be planned and designed according to the street types identified in the Public Works Design and Construction Manual and Section 406.020.
2. 
Streetlighting. Streetlighting may be provided within the landscaping area. All poles shall be aluminum or other approved metal. The lighting fixtures should be ornamental or decorative where appropriate and maintained and all costs borne by the HOA or the streetlighting utility company.
3. 
Entry Features. Subdivisions shall be designed to include entry features that identify the neighborhood along collector and arterial streets. Nothing shall be erected, placed, or planted, or allowed to grow in such a manner which obstructs the view of the traveling public based on the latest edition of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Green Book sight distance standards. Signage may also be located within a median area at the entrance to a subdivision. These features may include special landscape, monument, signage, lighting and other appropriate features. All improvements constructed within the right-of-way shall be maintained by the Homeowners' Association.
4. 
Homeowners' Association (HOA) Covenants And Restrictions. Each subdivision must adopt covenants and restrictions that, at a minimum, are approved by the City and regulate the following:
a. 
Fencing along public rights-of-way, consistent in materials, heights and design and maintenance of same;
b. 
Location of decks;
c. 
Entry features;
d. 
Maintenance of all common areas and open spaces, and acceptance of costs;
e. 
All trash removal on same day per week;
f. 
Materials;
g. 
Architectural review standards and responsibilities;
h. 
Mowing and general cleanup of open spaces, common land, and detention areas;
i. 
Ability of the City to tax bill or place a lien on the lots of the subdivision to recover its costs to enter and maintain or repair any right-of-way buffer or other improvements including stormwater facilities or abating a nuisance on common area, or revoke occupancy permits for failure to maintain common areas such as storm detention which results in a nuisance or lack of functionality of the improvement;
j. 
A no build easement across common area that may not be relinquished or released without written approval by the City Council;
k. 
A change in the use of common area may not take place without the written consent of the City Council; and
l. 
Prohibits any amendments of dissolution of the HOA without the written consent of the City Council.
5. 
Residential Open Space. Every planned residential development containing ten (10) or more dwelling units shall provide open space that meets the type, design and location criteria of Section 406.030. In addition to the types of open spaces identified in Section 406.030, private open spaces such as golf courses or recreation centers with buildings including outdoor recreation spaces may contribute to the open space system requirements for the PR-O District.
6. 
Residential Density Bonus. If a planned development containing ten (10) or more dwelling units includes an open space system that exceeds the requirements and public benefits identified in Section 406.030, and is accessible from public and/or private streets, then the subdivision may be allowed up to ten percent (10%) more dwelling units per acre than the base zoning allows. These bonus dwelling units must be compatible with and integrated into the overall design of the planned development.
7. 
Landscaping. Each lot shall be landscaped in accordance with the planting unit calculation identified in Section 407.040, provided that, no less than forty-five (45) planting units shall be provided. However, at least twenty-four (24) of the planting units shall be deciduous trees that are a minimum of two and one-half (2 1/2) inch calipers in size. The right-of-way buffer shall be provided as described in Section 407.040(D) as an easement or separate tract of land and shall be maintained by the HOA. All residential open space areas, shall be seeded or sodded and landscaped and the seeding or sodding and landscaping shall be perpetually maintained.
[R.O. 1996 § 404.240; Ord. No. 4558 § 1, 8-3-2015]
A. 
Intent.
1. 
The intent of the Downtown Development Code (DDC) is to support and implement the 2006 Master Plan as amended from time to time for downtown that the City of Blue Springs has adopted.
2. 
The DDC is meant to reinforce key concepts and components of the plan, such as:
(a) 
Creating a dynamic, mixed-use environment, where walking is the predominant mode of transportation.
(b) 
Providing for a range of housing choices in close proximity to each other, including vertical mixed use.
(c) 
Creative land development solutions that are not typically found elsewhere in the City.
(d) 
Quality public spaces that are usable for a variety of public and semipublic activities.
(e) 
Higher standards of design and construction for buildings, public infrastructure and landscaping.
(f) 
A high degree of connectivity for pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
(g) 
Buildings placed close to the street, so that streets and squares are defined as "outdoor rooms."
(h) 
Utilizing all the streets for on-street parking. Parking lots and garages shall not front the street.
(i) 
Expediting the development process to make conforming to the plan easy.
B. 
Exclusions. For the property located within the area of the Downtown Zoning Map, the standards contained in this Section supersede provisions contained within the Blue Springs Unified Development Code. Sections 403.070, 404.180 and 404.220 shall not be applied within the area covered by the DDC.
C. 
Conceptual Framework And T-Zones.
1. 
Because of the unique characteristics of downtown Blue Springs, a subclassification of organizing property and uses is established with the DDC. The subclassifications for this Section are called "transect zones" (T-Zones). T-Zones differ from conventional zoning districts in that they are inherently mixed use and place more emphasis on design than building use. The different T-Zones establish a variety of scales, intensities and characteristics to account for the differing conditions in the plan area. The zones are shown in graphic format in the Downtown Zoning Map. Additional requirements are also shown in the Downtown Zoning Map Overlay. The DDC shall apply to those properties shown on the Downtown Zoning Map. The zoning districts shown below may only be applied to property shown in the corresponding color on the Downtown Zoning Map.
2. 
T-Zone Definitions For This Section.
(a) 
T3 Sub-Urban. The most natural, least dense, most residential context of a community.
(b) 
T4 General Urban. A predominantly residential context, typically the largest zone within a community. It allows for the widest variety of housing choice.
(c) 
T5 Urban Center. A denser, mixed-use context, typically located near the center of a pedestrian shed or as a corridor along important thoroughfares.
(d) 
CS Civic Space Zone. Sites reserved for civic buildings and/or civic space.
The zones may be designated, for example, as a T3 or T-3 zone.
D. 
Performance Standards. The intent of the DDC is to allow for a mixture of uses, often adjacent to or very close to each other. Issues of noise, trash and operational hours are to be closely coordinated. Specific standards include:
1. 
Businesses providing drive-up services shall not have a drive-through lane or window that abuts or faces a public street.
2. 
Outdoor eating areas for bars, taverns or restaurants are allowed on the public sidewalk in zones T4 and T5 where the paved sidewalk is a minimum of ten (10) feet wide and the location is approved by the Director of Public Works. A minimum clear sidewalk width meeting ADA requirements shall be provided and maintained in an unobstructed condition.
3. 
Medical Marijuana.
[Ord. No. 4839, 7-15-2019]
(a) 
Buffer Requirement. Medical marijuana dispensary and testing facility uses are exempt from the buffer requirements, as listed in 405.050(A)(34) and (36), to an existing elementary or secondary school, licensed child day care center, or church.
(b) 
Medical marijuana dispensary and testing facility uses may be located within a building that contains a residence as permitted in mixed-use buildings and live/work units.
E. 
Permitted Uses And Uses Allowed By Conditional Use. Within the area covered by the DDC, a wide variety of uses and structures, from residential to commercial, are allowed or allowed by conditional use. All conditional uses and structures must be approved by the Downtown Review Board. Structures shall be regulated by T-Zone.
[Ord. No. 4723, 3-19-2018]
1. 
Uses permitted in mixed-use and commercial building types:
(a) 
Assisted living — convalescent care.
(b) 
School — elementary, middle, or high.
(c) 
School — vocational.
(d) 
School — college or university.
(e) 
Funeral home.
(f) 
Library.
(g) 
Cultural service.
(h) 
Public/government service.
(i) 
Office — small.
(j) 
Office — general.
(k) 
Micro-commercial (< 1,000 square feet).
(l) 
Small retail (< 3,000 square feet).
(m) 
Mid-size retail [three thousand (3,000) square feet to twelve thousand (12,000) square feet].
(n) 
Grocery store (< 40,000 square feet).
(o) 
Outdoor sales — limited.
(p) 
Outdoor sales — seasonal.
(q) 
Animal care — limited.
(r) 
Bank or financial institution.
(s) 
Bar or tavern.
(t) 
Club, private.
(u) 
Day care — limited.
(v) 
Day care — general.
(w) 
Day care — commercial.
(x) 
Health club.
(y) 
Hotel or motel.
(z) 
Medical service.
(aa) 
Personal services.
(bb) 
Recreation and entertainment — indoor.
(cc) 
Restaurant — fast-food.
(dd) 
Restaurant — general.
(ee) 
Studio — television or film.
(ff) 
Artisan/micro-manufacturing.
(gg) 
Manufacturing — limited.
(hh) 
Food production — limited.
(ii) 
Utility — minor.
(jj) 
Medical marijuana dispensary.
[Ord. No. 4829, 6-3-2019]
(kk) 
Medical marijuana testing facility.
[Ord. No. 4839, 7-15-2019]
2. 
Uses permitted by conditional use permit in mixed-use and commercial building types:
(a) 
Group home — transitional living center.
(b) 
Outdoor sales and services.
(c) 
Haunted house.
(d) 
Recreation and entertainment — outdoor.
(e) 
Vehicle repair, limited.
(f) 
Storage — residential warehouse.
(g) 
Military service.
(h) 
Transit facility.
(i) 
Utility — major.
(j) 
Parking lot — commercial.
(k) 
Building/construction contractor.
3. 
Building Types Permitted In T3 Zone.
(a) 
Allowed: single-family houses, accessory units.
(b) 
Allowed by conditional use: live/work units, small civic buildings, flat over flats, paired houses, tandem houses.
4. 
Building Types Permitted In T4 Zone.
(a) 
Allowed: single-family houses, accessory units, paired houses, flat over flats, tandem houses, row houses, apartment buildings, small civic buildings.
(b) 
Allowed by conditional use: mixed-use buildings and live/work units.
5. 
Building Types Permitted In T5 Zone.
(a) 
Allowed: accessory units, row houses, apartment buildings, mixed-use buildings, live/work units, small civic buildings, rooftop decks, patios, and associated enclosures.
[Ord. No. 4862, 10-21-2019]
(b) 
Allowed by conditional use: small commercial buildings.
6. 
Building Types Permitted In CS Zone.
(a) 
Allowed by conditional use: prominent civic buildings.
F. 
Functional Intensity Standards. The intensity of the uses noted above are governed by T-Zone, lot location and parking requirements.
1. 
Zone T3.
(a) 
Residential. Only one (1) accessory unit shall be allowed per main structure. All accessory units shall have a maximum square footage equal to fifty percent (50%) of the main structure's finished area excluding garages and basements. The total building footprint area for all accessory units and accessory structures shall have a maximum square footage equal to fifty percent (50%) of the main structure's finished area excluding attached garages and basements.
2. 
Zone T4.
(a) 
Lodging. The number of bedrooms permitted on each lot for lodging is limited by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(b), up to twelve (12) bedrooms, in addition to the parking requirement of the dwelling.
(b) 
Office. The building area available for office use on each lot is restricted to the first story of the principal or the second story of the ancillary building and by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(b), in addition to the parking requirement of the dwelling.
(c) 
Retail. The building area available for retail use is restricted to one (1) block corner location at the first story and by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(b), in addition to the parking requirement of the dwelling.
(d) 
Residential. Only one (1) accessory unit shall be allowed per main structure. All accessory units shall have a maximum square footage equal to fifty percent (50%) of the main structure's finished area excluding garages and basements. The total building footprint area for all accessory units and accessory structures shall have a maximum square footage equal to fifty percent (50%) of the main structure's finished area excluding attached garages and basements.
3. 
Zone T5.
(a) 
Lodging. The number of bedrooms permitted on each lot for lodging is limited by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(c).
(b) 
Office. The building area available for office use on each lot is restricted by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(c).
(c) 
Retail. The building area available for retail use is restricted by the parking requirement of Section 404.240(H)(3)(c).
(d) 
Residential. Only one (1) accessory unit shall be allowed per main structure. All accessory units shall have a maximum square footage equal to fifty percent (50%) of the main structure's finished space excluding garages and basements.
4. 
Zone CS.
(a) 
Lodging. Not allowed.
(b) 
Office. Not allowed.
(c) 
Residential. Not allowed.
(d) 
Civic. No restrictions.
G. 
Height And Area Standards. All buildings and structures shall incorporate the following minimum standards:
1. 
Height Of The Primary Building On A Lot.
(a) 
Zone T3. Not more than two and one-half (2 1/2) stories.
(b) 
Zone T4. Not more than three (3) and not less than two (2) stories. Mixed-use buildings and live/work buildings shall have a sidewalk-level floor to floor height of twelve (12) feet minimum. Upper levels in mixed-use buildings and live/work buildings shall have floor to floor or floor to roof heights of minimum nine (9) feet.
[Ord. No. 4862, 10-21-2019]
(c) 
Zone T5. Not more than five (5) and not less than two (2) stories. Mixed-use buildings, live/work buildings and small commercial buildings shall have a sidewalk-level floor to floor or floor to roof height of twelve (12) feet minimum. Upper levels in mixed-use buildings and live/work buildings shall have floor to floor or floor to roof heights of minimum nine (9) feet.
[Ord. No. 4862, 10-21-2019]
(d) 
Zone CS. No height limitation.
2. 
Setbacks From Property Lines. Setbacks vary by T-Zone and frontage type and are measured from the public right-of-way. Frontage types are illustrated in the definitions.
(a) 
Front Yard.
(1) 
Zone T3.
(a) 
Common Lawn. Not less than ten (10) feet and not more than twenty (20) feet to the building wall. This frontage is limited to no more than fifty percent (50%) of any given block's total frontage.
(b) 
Front Yard. Not less than ten (10) feet and not more than twenty-five (25) feet to the building wall.
(2) 
Zone T4.
(a) 
Common Lawn. Not less than zero (0) feet and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall. This frontage is limited to no more than fifty percent (50%) of any given block's total frontage.
(b) 
Front Yard. Not less than zero (0) feet and not more than fifteen (15) feet to the building wall.
(c) 
Dooryard. Not less than eight (8) and not more than twenty (20) feet to the building wall. A courtyard wall may extend to the public right-of-way.
(d) 
Terrace/light Court. Not less than eight (8) and not more than twenty (20) feet to the building wall. A courtyard wall may extend to the public right-of-way.
(e) 
Forecourt. Not less than ten (10) feet and not more than thirty-five (35) feet to the courtyard facade of the building. The foreground facade of the building is to have a setback of not less than zero (0) feet and not more than ten (10) feet.
(f) 
Doorway. Not more than zero (0) feet.
(3) 
Zone T5.
(a) 
Common Lawn. Not less than zero (0) feet and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall. This frontage is limited to no more than fifty percent (50%) of any given block's total frontage.
(b) 
Dooryard. Not less than eight (8) and not more than twenty (20) feet to the building wall. A courtyard wall may extend to the public right-of-way. This frontage is limited to no more than fifteen percent (15%) of any given block's total frontage.
(c) 
Front Yard. Not less than zero (0) feet and not more than fifteen (15) feet to the building wall.
(d) 
Terrace/light Court. Not less than eight (8) and not more than twenty (20) feet to the building wall. A courtyard wall may extend to the public right-of-way.
(e) 
Forecourt. Not less than ten (10) feet and not more than thirty-five (35) feet to the courtyard facade of the building. The foreground facade of the building is to have a setback of not less than zero (0) feet and not more than ten (10) feet.
(f) 
Doorway. Not more than zero (0) feet.
(g) 
Storefront. Not more than zero (0) feet.
(h) 
Gallery. Not more than zero (0) feet.
(i) 
Arcade. Not more than zero (0) feet.
(4) 
Zone CS. No setback limitation.
(b) 
Side Yard, Interior.
(1) 
Zone T3. Not less than five (5) feet to the building wall.
(2) 
Zone T4. Not less than zero (0) and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall.
(3) 
Zone T5. Not less than zero (0) and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall.
(4) 
Zone CS. No setback limitation or by special review.
(c) 
Side Yard, Corner.
(1) 
Zone T3. Not less than five (5) feet to the building wall or to match that of the existing side street.
(2) 
Zone T4. Not less than zero (0) and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall or to match that of the existing side street.
(3) 
Zone T5. Not less than zero (0) and not more than ten (10) feet to the building wall or to match that of the existing side street
(4) 
Zone CS. No setback limitation.
(d) 
Rear Yard.
(1) 
Zone T3. Not less than five (5) feet to the building wall.
(2) 
Zone T4. Not less than five (5) feet to the building wall.
(3) 
Zone T5. Not less than five (5) feet to the building wall.
(4) 
Zone CS. No setback limitation.
(e) 
Rear Yard With Alley. Applicable to all zones: not less than zero (0) feet.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Subsection (G)(2)(f), regarding parking and other paved areas, which immediately followed this Subsection, was repealed 3-19-2018 by Ord. No. 4723.
3. 
Lot Size And Area.
(a) 
Lot Size. Lot sizes vary by T-Zone.
[Ord. No. 4625 § 3, 11-21-2016]
(1) 
Zone T3. Minimum twenty-five (25) feet lot width.
(2) 
Zone T4. Minimum sixteen (16) feet lot width for attached housing, twenty-five (25) feet width for detached housing.
(3) 
Zone T5. No minimum lot size.
(4) 
Zone CS. No lot size regulation.
(b) 
Minimum Floor Area. The DDC District has no minimum floor area requirements.
H. 
Parking Standards.
[Ord. No. 4723, 3-19-2018]
1. 
Parking standards vary by T-Zone. Office and retail space may utilize the on-street parking adjacent to the lot frontage as part of the parking requirement. Attached garages shall not front to the street on which the primary building entrance is located. Detached garages may front to the street when located in the rear yard. Off-street parking shall be located at the rear of the building. When the depth of a lot is insufficient to accommodate required off-street parking, surface parking may be provided on the side of the building, provided that it covers no more than thirty percent (30%) of the width of the lot. Surface parking shall be screened from public right-of-way by landscaping to effectively screen parking areas from the street. Surface parking shall be set back a minimum of six (6) feet from any property line of a less-intensive zoning district.
2. 
Bicycle parking shall be provided for row houses, apartment buildings, small civic buildings, mixed-use buildings, live/work units, and prominent civic buildings with the following frontage types: common lawn, dooryard, front yard, terrace/light court, and forecourt. Bicycle parking for residential shall be one (1) space per dwelling unit. Bicycle parking for retail, office, and civic uses shall be twenty-five percent (25%) of the required parking spaces. The Downtown Review Board may recommend a reduction in required bicycle parking spaces when a public bicycle rack is located within one hundred (100) feet of the primary building entrance.
3. 
T-Zone Parking Standards.
(a) 
Zone T3. Two (2) off-street parking spaces shall be provided for each dwelling unit. One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each lodging bedroom. Two (2) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of office space shall be required. Two (2) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of retail space shall be required.
(b) 
Zone T4. One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each dwelling unit. One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each lodging bedroom. Two (2) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of office space shall be required. Two (2) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of retail space shall be required.
(c) 
Zone T5. One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each dwelling unit. One (1) off-street parking space shall be provided for each lodging bedroom. Two (2) parking spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of office space shall be required. Two (2) spaces per one thousand (1,000) square feet of retail space shall be required.
(d) 
Zone CS. No parking regulation.
4. 
Shared Parking Standards. The parking requirement may be further reduced by the following factors, when sharing uses on a particular lot:
(a) 
Residential And Office. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.75.
(b) 
Residential And Retail. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.9.
(c) 
Office And Retail. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.75.
(d) 
Lodging And Residential. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.9.
(e) 
Lodging And Office. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.8.
(f) 
Lodging And Retail. The combined requirement may be reduced by a factor of 0.9.
I. 
Signs. Sign regulations are governed by Chapter 501 of the City Code.
J. 
Roadway Standards. In general, roadways are to be designed for slower design speeds to ensure the safety of pedestrians, bicyclists and motorists. This entails narrower lane widths, the provision of on-street parking on all roadway types and small curb radii at intersections. A variety of roadway types are encouraged, and block perimeters should be small. Specific Roadway Standards are noted in Appendix A, DDC Roadway Design Criteria.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Appendix A, DDC Roadway Design Criteria, is on file in the City offices with the Downtown Master Plan.
K. 
Landscaping And Screening.
[Ord. No. 4723, 3-19-2018]
1. 
A reasonable amount of landscaping is required with emphasis on softening the visual impact of parking areas and enhancing the overall appearance. Allowed species of trees may be placed in the public right-of-way at the discretion of the Director of Public Works with written approval. All required trees shall follow recommendations of Great Trees for Blue Springs included in Appendix A3 of the Comprehensive Plan.[3] A minimum of one (1) small street tree per twenty-five (25) feet of right-of-way frontage or one (1) large street tree per forty (40) feet of right-of-way frontage is required.
[3]
Editor's Note: Appendix A3 is on file in the City offices.
2. 
Certain frontage types have front yard planting requirements. Front yard plantings are a deciduous or evergreen shrub or tree planted between the frontage line and the facade of a building. Required front yard plantings and frontage types are as follows:
(a) 
Dooryard: six (6) front yard plantings.
(b) 
Terrace/light court: six (6) front yard plantings.
(c) 
Forecourt: fifteen (15) front yard plantings.
(d) 
Front yard: ten (10) front yard plantings.
(e) 
Common lawn: six (6) front yard plantings per unit.
L. 
Building Materials. High-quality masonry building materials approved for this district are stone, brick, cast stone and stucco. Synthetic stone, such as pre-manufactured fiberglass, cultured stone, or glass-fiber reinforced concrete, is permitted, provided that it is identical in appearance and of equal or greater durability to natural stone. These masonry materials shall be required on fifty percent (50%) of the sum total of all building facades, except single-family houses which shall have ten percent (10%) of the sum total of all facades. All accessory units and garages shall be constructed from the same materials as the main structure. "Stucco" in the DDC shall mean traditional stucco or gypsum concrete/plaster materials with smooth sand finish. Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS) and cement board siding may be used to fulfill the masonry requirement, but the percentage of masonry becomes seventy-five percent (75%) excluding trim unless otherwise approved by the Downtown Review Board. Premanufactured panels, including exposed tilt-up concrete panels, are not permitted. These provisions are intended to ensure a longer-lasting, sustainable appeal of the downtown.
[Ord. No. 4679, 8-21-2017]
M. 
Planned Zoning.
1. 
This is a Planned Zoning District. Structures within the district are subject to approval of the Downtown Review Board (DRB) before the structure can proceed to the building permit review process. City staff and the DRB shall work expeditiously to ensure that construction will proceed in a timely manner. The DRB shall meet on an as-needed basis, based upon the submission of applications. Determination by the DRB shall be within fourteen (14) days after the initial review by the DRB.
2. 
Procedures.
(a) 
Process For Allowed Standards. Projects that meet the allowed standards established in this Section 404.240 shall utilize an expedited approval process as outlined in the following steps:
(1) 
A completed application is submitted to Department of Community Development.
(2) 
Application is reviewed by the DRB.
(a) 
If application meets the allowed standards according to the DRB's review, then the application is approved and proceeds to the building permit (Chapter 500) stage.
(b) 
If the application does not meet the allowed standards according to the DRB's review, then the application must be revised per the DRB's comments.
(3) 
The applicant is allowed seven (7) days to revise its application.
(4) 
The DRB shall review the completed revised application within seven (7) to verify that it meets the allowed standards.
(a) 
If the application meets the standards, then it is approved according to Subsection (M)(2)(a)(2)(a).
(b) 
If the application still does not meet the standards, then process set out in Subsection (M)(2)(a)(3) and (4) of this Section shall be followed until the submission is approved or it shall be deemed denied.
(5) 
Appeal Of A Downtown Review Board Decision.
[Ord. No. 4849, 9-4-2019]
(a) 
The City Council shall serve as the appellate body for the Downtown Review Board. An appeal of a Downtown Review Board decision shall follow the same appeals process as outlined in Section 403.010(A)(3)(f).
(b) 
Process For Allowed By Conditional Use. Projects that utilize the allowed by conditional use standards shall utilize the following approval process:
(1) 
A complete application is submitted to the Department of Community Development.
(2) 
Application is reviewed by the DRB. The DRB shall have up to fourteen (14) days to issue a recommendation.
(3) 
Further review shall be made pursuant to Section 403.060.
(c) 
Process For Projects Requiring Rezoning. Projects that require a rezoning shall utilize the following approval process (A rezoning must be to another zone regulated by the Downtown Development Code):
(1) 
A complete application is submitted to the Department of Community Development.
(2) 
Application is reviewed by the DRB. The DRB shall have up to fourteen (14) days to issue a recommendation.
(3) 
Further review shall be made pursuant to Section 403.030.
(4) 
If the required zoning is obtained, further review shall be pursuant to Subsection (M)(2)(a) or (b) above.
(d) 
Process For Projects Requiring A Variance. Projects requiring a variance shall utilize the following approval process:
(1) 
A complete application is submitted to the Department of Community Development.
(2) 
Application is reviewed by the DRB. The DRB shall have up to fourteen (14) days to issue a recommendation.
(3) 
Further review shall be made pursuant to Section 403.080.
(4) 
If the required variance is obtained, further review shall be pursuant to Subsection (M)(2)(a) or (b) above.
(e) 
Historic Overlay District (H-O) Review. Projects within the Historic Overlay (H-O) Zoning District shall apply to the City pursuant to Sections 402.050 and 408.020 for review prior to review by the DRB in conjunction with any of the processes noted in Subsection (M)(2)(a), (b), (c) and (d) above.