The ordinances embraced in this and the following chapters shall constitute and be designated the "Code of Ordinances, Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan," and may be so cited. Such ordinances may also be cited as the "Park Township Code."
The following definitions and rules of construction shall apply to this Code and to all ordinances and resolutions unless the context requires otherwise:
Generally. When provisions conflict, the specific shall prevail over the general. All provisions shall be liberally construed so that the intent of the Township Board may be effectuated. Words and phrases shall be construed according to the common and approved usage of the language, but technical words, technical phrases and words and phrases that have acquired peculiar and appropriate meanings in law shall be construed according to such meanings.
- AGENCIES, OFFICERS
- Any reference to any local, state or federal agency or officer shall include any successor agency or officer.
- CIVIL INFRACTION
- An act or omission prohibited by law which is not a crime and for which civil sanctions may be ordered.
- The Code of Ordinances, Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan, as designated in Section 1-1.
- COMPUTATION OF TIME
- In computing a period of days, the first day is excluded and the last day is included. If the last day of any period or a fixed or final day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the period or day is extended to include the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
- In a provision involving two or more items, conditions, provisions, or events, which items, conditions, provisions, or events are connected by the conjunction "and," "or," or "either . . . or," the conjunction shall be interpreted as follows:
- (1) The term "and" indicates that all the connected terms, conditions, provisions, or events apply.
- (2) The term "or" indicates that the connected terms, conditions, provisions, or events apply singly or in any combination.
- (3) The term "either. . .or" indicates that the connected terms, conditions, provisions or events apply singly but not in combination.
- Ottawa County, Michigan.
- An act or omission forbidden by law that is not designated as a civil infraction and that is punishable, upon conviction, by any one or more of the following:
- DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
- A provision that authorizes or requires a Township officer or Township employee to perform an act or make a decision authorizes such officer or employee to act or make a decision through subordinates.
- Words of one gender include the other gender.
- HEALTH DEPARTMENT and DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
- The Ottawa County Health Department.
- HEALTH OFFICER
- The director of the Ottawa County Health Department.
- Includes any street, alley, highway, avenue, or public place or square, bridge, viaduct, tunnel, underpass, overpass or causeway, dedicated or devoted to public use.
- INCLUDES and INCLUDING
- Are terms of enlargement and not of limitation or exclusive enumeration, and the use of the terms does not create a presumption that components not expressed are excluded.
- JOINT AUTHORITY
- A grant of authority to three or more persons as a public body confers the authority on a majority of the number of members as fixed by statute or ordinance.
- Is to be construed as being permissive and not mandatory.
- MAY NOT
- States a prohibition.
- The Michigan Compiled Laws, as amended, now or in the future, or any successor statute.
- A calendar month.
- Is to be construed as being mandatory.
- The singular includes the plural and the plural includes the singular.
- OATH, AFFIRMATION, SWORN, AFFIRMED
- Includes an affirmation in all cases where an affirmation may be substituted for an oath. In similar cases, the term "sworn" includes the term "affirmed."
- OFFICERS, DEPARTMENTS, ETC.
- References to officers, departments, boards, commissions, or employees are to Township officers, Township departments, Township Boards, Township commissions, and Township employees.
- As applied to property, includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant, or tenant by the entirety of the whole or part of such property. With respect to special assessments, however, the owner shall be considered to be the person whose name appears on the assessment roll for the purpose of giving notice and billing.
- Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, club, joint venture, estate, trust, limited liability company, governmental unit, and any other group or combination acting as a unit, and the individuals constituting such group or unit.
- PERSONAL PROPERTY
- Any property other than real property.
- PRECEDING and FOLLOWING
- Next before and next after, respectively.
- As applied to real property, includes lands and structures.
- Real and personal property.
- PUBLIC ACTS
- References to public acts are references to the Public Acts of Michigan. (For example, a reference to Public Act No. 246 of 1945 is a reference to Act No. 246 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1945.) Any reference to a public act, whether by act number or by short title, is a reference to the act as amended, now or in the future, or any successor statute.
- REAL PROPERTY, REAL ESTATE, LAND and LANDS
- Includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.
- That portion of a street improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular traffic.
- Is to be construed as being mandatory.
- Any portion of the street between the curb, or the lateral line of the roadway, and the adjacent property line, intended for the use of pedestrians.
- SIGNATURE and SUBSCRIPTION
- Includes a mark when the person cannot write.
- The State of Michigan.
- Any street, alley, highway, avenue, or public place or square, bridge, viaduct, tunnel, underpass, overpass or causeway, dedicated or devoted to public use.
- Includes the term "affirm."
- The present tense includes the past and future tenses. The future tense includes the present tense.
- The Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan.
- TOWNSHIP BOARD, TOWNSHIP BOARD OF TRUSTEES, BOARD OF TRUSTEES and BOARD
- The governing body of Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan.
- Seven consecutive days.
- Includes any representation of words, letters, symbols or figures.
- Twelve consecutive months.
The catchlines of the several sections of this Code printed in boldface type are intended as mere catchwords to indicate the contents of the section and are not titles of such sections, or of any part of the section, nor unless expressly so provided shall they be so deemed when any such section, including the catchline, is amended or reenacted.
The history or source notes appearing in parentheses after sections in this Code have no legal effect and only indicate legislative history. State law references that appear in this Code after sections or subsections or that otherwise appear in footnote form are provided for the convenience of the user of the Code and have no legal effect.
Unless specified otherwise, all references to chapters or sections are to chapters or sections of this Code.
Unless specifically provided otherwise, the repeal of a repealing ordinance does not revive the ordinance originally repealed nor impair the effect of any saving provision in it.
The repeal or amendment of an ordinance does not affect any punishment or penalty incurred before the repeal took effect, nor does such repeal or amendment affect any rights, privileges, suit, prosecution, or proceeding pending at the time of the amendment or repeal.
All ordinances adopted subsequent to this Code that amend, repeal, or in any way affect this Code may be numbered in accordance with the numbering system of the Code and printed for inclusion in the Code. Portions of this Code repealed by subsequent ordinances may be excluded from this Code by omission from reprinted pages affected thereby.
Amendments to provisions of this Code may be made with the following language: "Section (chapter, article, division, or subdivision, as appropriate) of the Code of Ordinances, Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan, is hereby amended to read as follows:. . . ."
If a new section, subdivision, division, article, or chapter is to be added to the Code, the following language may be used: "Section (chapter, article, division or subdivision, as appropriate) of the Code of Ordinances, Township of Park, Ottawa County, Michigan, is hereby created to read as follows:. . . ."
All provisions desired to be repealed should be repealed specifically by section, subdivision, division, article, or chapter number, as appropriate, or by setting out the repealed provisions in full in the repealing ordinance.
Supplements to this Code shall be prepared and printed whenever authorized or directed by the Township. A supplement to this Code shall include all substantive permanent and general parts of ordinances adopted during the period covered by the supplement and all changes made thereby in the Code. The pages of the supplement shall be so numbered that they will fit properly into the Code and will, where necessary, replace pages that have become obsolete or partially obsolete. The new pages shall be so prepared that when they have been inserted, the Code will be current through the date of the adoption of the latest ordinance included in the supplement.
In preparing a supplement to this Code, all portions of the Code that have been repealed shall be excluded from the Code by the omission thereof from reprinted pages.
When preparing a supplement to this Code, the person authorized to prepare the supplement may make formal, nonsubstantive changes in ordinances included in the supplement, insofar as necessary to do so in order to embody them into a unified code. For example, the person may:
Arrange the material into appropriate organizational units.
Supply appropriate catchlines, headings, and titles for chapters, articles, divisions, subdivisions, and sections to be included in the Code and make changes in any such catchlines, headings, and titles or in any such catchlines, headings, and titles already in the Code.
Assign appropriate numbers to chapters, articles, divisions, subdivisions, and sections to be added to the Code.
Where necessary to accommodate new material, change existing numbers assigned to chapters, articles, divisions, subdivisions, or sections.
Change the words "this ordinance" or similar words to "this chapter," "this article," "this division," "this subdivision," "this section," or "sections_____ to_____"(inserting section numbers to indicate the sections of the Code that embody the substantive sections of the ordinance incorporated in the Code).
Make other nonsubstantive changes necessary to preserve the original meaning of the ordinances inserted in the Code.
If any provision of this Code or its application to any person or circumstances is held invalid or unconstitutional, the invalidity or unconstitutionality does not affect other provisions or application of this Code that can be given effect without the invalid or unconstitutional provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Code are severable. If any provision of this Code or its application to any person or circumstance is held to be over broad, that provision or application will nevertheless be enforced to the fullest extent permitted by law.
The provisions of this Code, insofar as they are substantially the same as legislation previously adopted by the Township relating to the same subject matter, shall be construed as restatements and continuations thereof and not as new enactments.
Nothing in this Code or the ordinance adopting this Code affects any offense or act committed or done, any penalty or forfeiture incurred, or any contract or right established before the effective date of this Code.
The adoption of this Code does not authorize any use or the continuation of any use of a structure or premises which was in violation of any Township ordinance on the effective date of this Code.
Nothing in this Code or the ordinance adopting this Code affects the validity of any ordinance or portion of any ordinance:
Promising or guaranteeing the payment of money or authorizing the issuance of bonds or other instruments of indebtedness.
Authorizing or approving any contract, deed, or agreement.
Granting any right or franchise.
Making or approving any appropriation or budget.
Providing for the duties of Township officers or employees not codified in this Code.
Providing for salaries or other employee benefits.
Adopting or amending a master plan.
Levying or imposing any special assessment.
Dedicating, establishing, naming, locating, relocating, opening, paving, widening, repairing, or vacating any street, sidewalk, or alley.
Establishing the grade of any street or sidewalk.
Dedicating, accepting, or vacating any plat or subdivision.
Not codified in this Code that levies, imposes, or otherwise relates to taxes, exemptions from taxes and fees in lieu of taxes.
Pertaining to rezoning.
That is temporary, although general in effect.
That is special, although permanent in effect.
The purpose of which has been accomplished.
No board member, officer, agent or employee of the Township shall render himself personally liable for any damage that may accrue to any person as a result of any act, consequence or occurrence required or permitted in the discharge of his duties pursuant to this Code.
In this section, the term "violation of this Code" means any of the following:
Doing an act that is prohibited or made or declared unlawful, an offense, or a violation by ordinance or by rule or regulation authorized by ordinance.
Failure to perform an act that is required to be performed by ordinance or by rule or regulation authorized by ordinance.
Failure to perform an act if the failure is prohibited or is made or declared unlawful, an offense, or a violation or by ordinance or by rule or regulation authorized by ordinance.
Any provision of this Code that is made or declared to be a misdemeanor, civil infraction or municipal civil infraction is a violation of this Code.
In this section the term "violation of this Code" does not include the failure of a Township officer or Township employee to perform an official duty unless it is specifically provided that the failure to perform the duty is to be punished as provided in this section.
Except as otherwise provided by law or ordinance, a person convicted of a violation of this Code is a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $500 and costs of prosecution or by imprisonment for a period of not more than 90 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. However, unless otherwise provided by law, a person convicted of a violation of this Code which substantially corresponds to a violation of state law that is a misdemeanor for which the maximum period of imprisonment is 93 days shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $500 and costs of prosecution or by imprisonment for a period of not more than 93 days or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Except as otherwise provided by law or ordinance, with respect to violations of this Code that are continuous with respect to time, each day that the violation continues is a separate offense. As to other violations, each violation constitutes a separate offense.
The imposition of a penalty does not prevent suspension or revocation of a license, permit or franchise or other administrative sanctions.
Violations of this Code that are intermittent or ongoing are a nuisance per se and may be abated by injunctive or other equitable relief. The imposition of a penalty does not prevent injunctive relief or civil or quasijudicial enforcement.
All remedies available to the Township under this Code and state law shall be deemed to be cumulative and not exclusive.
Any person who shall violate a provision of this Code or shall to fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof, who is responsible for a municipal civil infraction, subject to enforcement procedures as set forth in the municipal civil infraction ordinance adopted by the Township, and subject to a fine of $50, plus costs and other sanctions, for each infraction. Each day during which any violation continues after due notice has been served shall be deemed a separate and distinct offense. Increased civil fines may be imposed for repeat violations; a repeat violation means a second or subsequent municipal civil infraction violation committed by a person within any twelve-month period and for which a person admits responsibility or is determined to be responsible. An increased civil fine for repeat violation shall be as follows: