[Adopted 7-1-1999 by Ord. No. 656-99]
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
- BUILDING CONNECTION
- Any pipe with the applicable connections and fittings used to convey sewage from a building to the sewer extension.
- BUILDING PLUMBING SYSTEM
- All the plumbing work within a building or structure and extending to a point five feet outside of and beyond such building or structure, conveying sewage from within the building to the building connection outside of the building.
- DOMESTIC SEWAGE
- The wastewater from kitchens, bathrooms, lavatories, toilets and residential laundries and containing, in addition to the mineral and organic matter already in the water dispensed to the community, an imposed burden of excrement, paper, soap, dirt, food wastes (garbage), and/or other related domestic substances.
- Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- HOUSE CONNECTION
- That part of the sewerage system which receives the sewage from the house plumbing system and conveys it to the nearest end of the sewer extension, unless a sewer extension is not available, whereby the house connection shall be extended to the nearest available Y. No house connection shall be made to a manhole of the public sewer system without the express written consent and special permission of the Public Works Manager of the governing body of the Township of Mine Hill.
- HOUSE PLUMBING SYSTEM
- All the plumbing work within the building and to a point five feet outside of the building, which plumbing work conveys sewage from within the building to the house connection outside of the building.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- The Plumbing Subcode Official of the Township of Mine Hill, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative. The Plumbing Subcode Official shall be responsible for house plumbing systems and house connections.
- MAIN SEWER
- The sewers laid longitudinally along the center line or other part of the streets, easements or other rights-of-way, and which sewer is owned and controlled by the Township of Mine Hill.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
- Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PLUMBING SUBCODE OFFICIAL
- The person or persons who have been authorized by the Township to make the inspections of the building connections and the connections to the sewer extension and report to the Township.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing to public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which stormwater, surface water and groundwater are not intentionally admitted. Such sewers are not individual septic systems as regulated by N.J.A.C. 7:9A.
- PUBLIC WORKS MANAGER
- The Public Works Manager of the Township of Mine Hill, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative. The Public Works Manager shall be responsible for all parts of the sewerage system except house plumbing systems and house connections.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such groundwater, surface water and stormwater as may be present.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- A pipe for carrying sewage.
- SEWERAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collection, pumping and disposing of sewage.
- SEWER EXTENSION
- That part of a sewerage system intended to accept the building connection and lying within the bounds of the street right-of-way line or utility easement dedicated to the Township of Mine Hill.
- SEWER SYSTEM
- All trunks, subtrunks, branches and other sewer appurtenances, either publicly or privately owned, except building connections, the sewage from which is delivered to the sewage treatment plant.
- SHALL; MAY
- Shall is mandatory; may is permissive.
- STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
- A sewer which carries stormwater and surface water and drainage but excludes sewage and polluted wastes.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removed by laboratory filtering.
- The Township of Mine Hill, New Jersey.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner, upon public or private property within the Township of Mine Hill or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Township, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet, within the Township of Mine Hill or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Township, any sewage, industrial waste or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy unit, septic tank, cesspools or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage. Abandoned cesspools shall be properly drained and filled in.
General rule for all buildings with sanitary facilities. The owners of every building which has available an accepted public sewer at or within the property line shall connect, at the owners' expense, all sanitary sewage facilities to the public sewer if the shortest distance between the building connection and the sewer is less than 200 feet. The existing septic system shall be abandoned in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:9A-12.8.
Notification that sewer system is available; time allowed for application to connect. Notification shall be given by the Township to each affected property owner when the sanitary sewer system is available to accept the building connection. Application for a permit to construct such building connection shall be made within 21 days following such notification, and construction of the building connection shall be completed, inspected and approved within 180 days following such notification.
Immediate connection of buildings required in certain cases. The owners of every building which has available an accepted public sewer at or within the property line shall connect, at the owners' expense, all sanitary sewage facilities to the public sewer immediately upon the order of the Township of Mine Hill if:
Expense incurred by homeowner; time permitted for completion. The required connection shall be installed by the owner at his expense and completed within 90 days after approval of the property owner's connection plan and issuance of the connection permit by the Township Plumbing Subcode Official. The owner shall indemnify the Township and its employees and officials from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the house connection.
Temporary exemption for certain buildings with existing septic systems. For a period of five years after the acceptance of a public sewer by the Township Council, the owners of buildings shall be exempt from the requirements of Subsection A if the building was served by an existing functioning septic system which:
Was constructed new or on or after January 1, 1995; or if the disposal field was entirely replaced on or after January 1, 1995; and
Met all of the current standards for individual sewage disposal systems effective on January 1, 1990; and
Was five years old or less on the date of acceptance of the public sewer by the Township.
Hardships. Where, by reason of excessive distance between a house, building or structure and the sanitary sewer, or by reason of differences in elevation between a house, building or structure and the sanitary sewer, strict adherence to the requirements of Subsection A above would cause unusual hardship to the owner or owners of the property involved, the Township of Mine Hill shall have the power to alter or waive the requirements of Subsection A upon application of the property owner involved.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into or use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Public Works Manager and such other permit as may be required by the provisions of Chapter 476, Article II, Excavations and Openings, of this Code or by other applicable ordinances.
There shall be two classes of public sanitary sewer connection permits: for residential and commercial service and for service to establishments producing industrial wastes. In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form provided by the Township. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Public Works Manager. A permit and inspection fee shall be paid to the Sewer Collector at the time the application is filed, in accordance with the fee schedule.
An applicant for a public sanitary sewer connection permit for service to establishments producing industrial wastes shall also pay a fee, which shall be as provided for in the Fee Schedule for review of plans, specifications and testing.
Where the sanitary sewer, at the date of the application for permit to connect, has no sewer extension for the property sought to be connected, the connection to the sewer, including the making of the cut into the main and the installation of the line from the main to the curb, shall be made only by Township employees or other persons duly licensed by the Township to do such work, and all such installations and connections shall be approved by the Public Works Manager prior to use.
The Township shall be paid for each installation and connection made pursuant to the preceding Subsection D hereof a fixed fee, plus the actual cost of performing the work therefor, in accordance with the Fee Schedule. Said work shall not be authorized until payment of the fixed fee is received; and the applicant shall be billed for the actual cost of work upon completion of the connection and determination of the cost therefor. The fixed fee is hereby established as a means to defray, and shall be commensurate with, the capital costs incurred by the Township, directly or otherwise.
Separate and independent house connections required; exception. A separate and independent house connection shall be provided for each building and for each dwelling unit.
[Added 5-21-2009 by Ord. No. 7-09; amended 12-18-2014 by Ord. No. 25-14; 7-20-2017 by Ord. No. 09-17]
Customers of the Mine Hill sewer system who are required to pay the connection fee to the Township shall pay the connection fee as follows:
Owners of existing residential or nonresidential buildings served by individual sewage disposal systems which are being connected to the sewer system may opt to pay the full fee when the application to connect to the sewer system is filed or may opt to pay by making payments. Owners who opt to pay the connection fee by payment plan shall pay $700 plus the permit fee of $75 immediately upon application and may pay the balance of the connection fee in equal payments on a quarterly basis for up to 10 years plus interest of 1.5%. Sewer service payments are currently due quarterly, on the first day of March, June, September and December in each year. In the event that the dates for payment of sewer service shall change, such changes are incorporated herein by reference. Interest shall be charged on late payments due for connection fees for property owners selecting to make payments over time. Interest shall be charged commencing on the date on which the last payment was due. Interest shall accrue at the same rate as delinquent tax payments, currently 8% per annum on the first $1,500 and 18% per annum on the remaining balance. When a payment is not made, the entire balance of the connection fee shall become due and owing and shall be enforced in the same manner as other tax and municipal fees.
Owners of new residential or nonresidential buildings shall pay 50% of the connection fee at the time of application to the sewer system and the remaining 50% before the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.
The house connection pipe shall be made of extra-heavy cast-iron soil pipe or Schedule 40 PVC house connection pipe properly joined. In areas where the depth of excavation is less than four feet or where the slope is in excess of 10% or where, in the opinion of the Plumbing Subcode Official, the conditions warrant, only cast-iron soil pipe shall be used.
Cast-iron soil pipe and fittings shall be iron castings or Schedule 40 PVC pipe suitable for installation and service in drainage, waste and sewer lines.
All cast-iron soil pipe shall be installed in accordance with the recommended instructions of the manufacturer.
All Schedule 40 PVC pipe shall be installed in accordance with the recommended instructions of the manufacturer.
The diameter of the house connection pipe shall be no less than four inches nor greater than six inches. The house connection shall be laid on a uniform grade, wherever practicable, at a straight grade of at least 1/4 of an inch per foot. Where, in special cases, a minimum grade of 1/4 inch per foot cannot be maintained, a grade of 1/8 inch per foot will be permitted, but only after the Plumbing Subcode Official is amply notified and gives his approval.
Whenever possible, the house connection may be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No house connection shall be laid parallel to or within three feet of any bearing wall which might thereby be weakened. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The house connection shall be laid at uniform grade in the direction from the main sewer to the building and in straight alignment insofar as possible. Change in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings.
In all buildings in which the house plumbing is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the house connection. Payment for installing and maintaining the lifting device shall be the responsibility of the owner.
When installing the house connection, the trenches shall be dug in a careful manner and properly sheathed where required. The road materials shall be placed in a separate pile and shall not be mixed with the rest of the excavated materials, which excavated materials must be piled in a compact heap so placed as to cause the least possible inconvenience to the public. Proper barricades and lights must be maintained around the trench to guard against accidents.
The pipe shall be laid on a good foundation to the form and size of support for the pipe. Ample excavation shall be made under and around all joints to permit proper jointing. In backfilling the material from the bottom of the pipe to a point two feet above the top of the pipe shall consist of earth which shall be free from stones or rock fragments of a size larger than two inches. This backfill shall be placed in six-inch layers and carefully tamped. The balance of the trench shall be filled with earth and stones, but in no case with rock weighing more than 50 pounds or with frozen earth. This backfill shall be placed in layers up to two feet thick and carefully tamped to avoid any settlement. When the trench has been filled to the proper height, the road material is to be replaced and heavily tamped or rolled.
Where the trench is excavated in rock, the rock must be carefully excavated to a depth of six inches below the grade line of the sewer and the trench must be brought to the proper elevation with gravel or other material satisfactory to the Plumbing Subcode Official. The remainder of the trench must be backfilled as previously described herein.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as abrogating any of the existing requirements of the Township relating to the excavation and backfilling of trenches, but the requirements herein contained shall be in addition thereto.
Where subsoil conditions are bad, such special precaution must be taken to secure a watertight job as may be directed by the Plumbing Subcode Official. In quicksand, all pipes must be extra-heavy cast-iron and must be laid out on planking two inches thick by at least six inches wide.
All joints and connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Cast-iron pipe joints shall be firmly packed with jute, hemp or equal yarning material and hot-poured with a melted lead to a depth of not less than one inch. The joining compound shall be run in one pouring and shall be caulked tight. No paint, varnish or other coatings shall be permitted on the jointing material until after the joint has been tested and approved by the Plumbing Subcode Official. Material for hot-poured joints shall not soften sufficiently to destroy the effectiveness of the joint when subjected to a temperature of 160° F., nor be soluble in any of the wastes carried by the drainage system.
In lieu of cast-iron pipe with caulked joints, as specified above, cast-iron pipe of the same weight and general dimensions, but modified to use a neoprene gasket, may be used. Pipe shall be manufactured to close tolerance and shall be without beads on the spigot ends. Hubs shall be modified to receive the gaskets. Gaskets shall be capable of maintaining a tight seal with any joint deflection up to 10°. Joints shall be assembled by means of special tools.
Joints for Schedule 40 PVC pipe shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
The connection of the house connection to the main sewer shall be made at the sewer extension at the curbline, or, if no sewer extension exists, connection shall be made at the nearest available Y connection on the main sewer. The Public Works Manager, in accordance with Figure 12.5.0, Saddle Connection, and Figure 126.96.36.199, will designate the position of the end of the sewer extension at the curbline or the Y connection on the main sewer, whichever is appropriate. If it becomes necessary to cut into the main sewer, since no other source of connection is available, then such connection shall be made as directed by and under the supervision of the Public Works Manager. The dead ends of all pipes not immediately connected with the house plumbing system must be securely closed by a watertight cover of imperishable material. Prior to any connection to the sewer extension or to the main sewer, the Public Works Manager must be given at least 48 hours' notice in advance so that he may supervise such work. If the Public Works Manager has not been given such notice, he may require the completed work to be uncovered for examination at the owner's own expense.
The use of cleanouts on the house connection shall be made by installing a Y and a 1/8 bend. The cleanouts shall ordinarily be installed at the point of connection between the house connection and the outside part of the house plumbing system, at all curves on the house connection and on the straight part of the house sewer to the main sewer. The cleanout shall be brought up from the house connection to existing grade and shall be properly capped. Where the distance from the building to the point of connection at the main sewer is less than 100 feet and there are no curves in this distance, the cleanout in the house will be sufficient if it is at least six inches above the basement floor. Where the distance exceeds 100 feet, at least one cleanout, 50 feet from the house, shall be provided. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, there shall be one cleanout at the curb for each and every house connection.
Where connection is made between the portion of the house plumbing system outside of the building and the house connection, a long radius bend shall appropriately be installed at this connection, along with a cleanout as described in Subsection A above. This connection shall be subject to the approval of the Plumbing Subcode Official, who shall be given ample notice prior to such work.
Before any portion of the existing plumbing system outside of the building is connected to the house connection, the owner shall prove, to the satisfaction of the Plumbing Subcode Official, that it is clean and conforms in every respect to these rules and regulations and any amendments and supplements thereto.
All work on house connections shall be made by either the owner of the premises personally doing the work or by a plumber licensed by the Township of Mine Hill, and all of said work shall be approved by the Plumbing Subcode Official of the Township; provided, however, that any connections to or opening into a main sewer must be made by a plumber licensed by the Department of Community Affairs, and said work must be approved by the Plumbing Subcode Official of the Township.
The Public Works Manager or Plumbing Subcode Official may apply any appropriate test to the pipes, and the plumber and contractor, at his own expense, shall furnish all necessary tools, labor, materials and assistants for such tests and shall remove any defective materials when so ordered by the Public Works Manager or Plumbing Subcode Official.
Each contractor or other person performing work on Township public property for the purpose of installing house connections shall post a bond, acceptable to the Township, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 476, Article II, Excavations and Openings, and any other applicable ordinance of the Township. All work shall be adequately guarded with barricades, lights and other measures for protection to the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, curbs and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Township.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters into any sanitary sewer.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F.
Any water or waste which may contain more than 100 parts per million, by weight, of fat, oil or grease.
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, paunch manure or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewerage works.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
Any waters or wastes containing a toxic or porous substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to human or animals or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
Any waters or wastes containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual attention or expense is required to handle such materials at the sewage treatment plant.
Any noxious or malodorous gas or substance capable of creating a public nuisance.
Any radioactive wastes.
Any such other materials or substances as may be provided and set forth in ordinances or rules and regulations promulgated by the Musconetcong Sewerage Authority.
Heat in amounts which will inhibit biological activity in the publicly owned treatment works resulting in interference, but in no case heat in such quantities that the temperature at the publicly owned treatment works treatment plant exceeds 40° C. (104° F.), unless the approval authority, upon request of the publicly owned treatment works, approves alternate temperature limits.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Public Works Manager, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private residences or dwelling units.
All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Public Works Manager and shall be so located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Grease and oil interceptors shall, in all cases, be required for service stations and commercial garages.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
Grease interceptors shall be required for all restaurants, delicatessens and similar enterprises where food is cooked on the premises and for any private club or hall, school, church or other building of assembly with kitchen facilities.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or waste having a five-day biochemical oxygen demand greater than 300 parts per million, by weight; or containing more than 350 parts per million, by weight, of suspended solids; or containing any quantity of substance having the characteristics described in § 425-25B above; or having an average daily flow greater than 2% of the average daily sewage flow of the Township shall be subject to the review and approval of the Public Works Manager. Where necessary, the owner shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to reduce the five-day biochemical oxygen demand to 300 parts per million, by weight; or reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in § 425-25B above; or control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes.
Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for approval of the Public Works Manager, the appropriate sewerage authority and the Department of Environmental Protection. No construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.
Where preliminary treatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
The owner of any property served by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Public Works Manager. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in §§ 425-25B and 425-27A and B shall be determined in accordance with Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, published by the American Public Health Association, 1960 Edition, and all subsequent revised editions and amendments and supplements thereto, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided for in § 425-28 above, or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole. The cost and expense incident to the measurements, tests and analyses shall be borne by the owner.
No statements contained in this article shall be construed as preventing any special agreement between the Township and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the Township for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.
No person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the Township's sewerage works.
The Public Works Manager or Plumbing Subcode Official and other duly authorized employees of the Township, bearing proper credentials and identification, shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purpose of inspections, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this article.
Any person who shall violate any of the regulatory provisions of this article shall, upon conviction, be subject to the penalty in § 1-3, General penalty, of the Code of the Township of Mine Hill, and each violation of any of the provisions of this article and each day the same is violated may be deemed and taken to be a separate and distinct offense.