Charter Township of Meridian
Ingham County
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[Code 1974, § 81-2.1]
Under this chapter, the Township Board, as the elected governing body of the Township, shall have the following powers and duties:
(1) 
Zoning text amendments. To initiate, hear, and decide the adoption of an ordinance to amend the text of this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(2) 
Zoning Map amendments. To initiate, hear, and decide the adoption of an ordinance to amend the official Township Zoning Map, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(3) 
Appeals of Planning Commission actions. To hear and decide appeals of any order, requirement, decision, or determination made by the Planning Commission with respect to this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(4) 
Special use permits. To hear and decide, upon application, requests for major amendments to special use permits approved by the Township Board, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(5) 
Fees. To establish fees and charges as authorized by this chapter.
(6) 
Legal authority. To exercise all rights, power, and authority concerning land use, zoning, and property development vested in the Township by law which is not expressly delegated to another entity or individual by statute, ordinance, or other legal delegation of the Township Board.
Cross reference: Boards and commissions, § 2-171 et seq.
[Code 1974, § 81-2.2; Ord. No. 2007-12, 10-28-2007]
(a) 
Establishment of board. In order that the objectives of this chapter may be more fully and equitably achieved, that a means for competent interpretation of this chapter be provided, that health, safety, and welfare of the public be secured, and that justice be done, there is hereby established a Zoning Board of Appeals.
(b) 
Powers and duties. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall have the following powers and duties:
(1) 
Appeals. To hear and decide appeals, upon application, of any order, requirement, decision, or determination of any Township administrative officer or official charged with interpreting or enforcing the provisions of this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division, including decisions made by the Director of Community Planning and Development with respect to site plans.
(2) 
Interpretations. To review, hear, and interpret any provision of this chapter consistent with the general intent and purposes of this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(3) 
Variances. To hear and decide, upon application, requests for variances from the provisions of this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(4) 
Other. To review, hear, and decide all matters referred to it or upon which it is required to pass under this chapter.
(c) 
Membership, terms of office.
(1) 
The Zoning Board of Appeals shall consist of five regular members and two alternate members appointed by the Township Board.
(2) 
The first regular member of the Zoning Board of Appeals shall be a member of the Planning Commission, who shall be recommended by the commission.
(3) 
The second regular member of the Zoning Board of Appeals shall be a member of the Township Board.
(4) 
The remaining three regular members of the Zoning Board of Appeals and the two alternate members shall be selected from the electors of the Township. The members selected shall be representative of the population distribution and of the various interests present in the Township. All such members must reside outside of incorporated cities and villages.
(5) 
An elected official of the Township shall not serve as chair or vice-chair of the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(6) 
An employee or contractor of the Township Board may not serve as a regular or alternate member of the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(7) 
A member shall disqualify himself from participating in a vote in which the member has a conflict of interest, as defined in the Zoning Board of Appeals' rules of procedure. The member's failure to disqualify himself from participating shall constitute malfeasance in office.
(8) 
The Township Board may remove a member of the Zoning Board of Appeals for misfeasance, malfeasance or nonfeasance in office upon written charges and after public hearing.
(9) 
An alternate member shall be called to serve in place of a regular member as follows:
a. 
When a regular member is absent from or will be unable to attend a Zoning Board of Appeals meeting.
b. 
When a regular member will be abstaining from participating in consideration of a case in which the regular member has a conflict of interest.
c. 
When called to serve, an alternate member has the same voting rights as a regular member and shall participate in the hearing of a case until a final decision is made.
(10) 
The terms of office for members appointed to the Zoning Board of Appeals shall be for three years, except for members serving because of their membership on the Planning Commission or Township Board, whose terms shall be limited to the time they are members of those bodies. A successor shall be appointed not more than one month after the term of the preceding member has expired. All vacancies for unexpired terms shall be filled for the remainder of the term.
(d) 
Organization and procedures.
(1) 
Rules of procedure. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall adopt its own rules of procedure as may be necessary to conduct its meetings properly.
(2) 
Majority vote. The concurring vote of three members of the Zoning Board of Appeals shall be necessary to reverse any order, requirement, decision, or determination of any Township officer or official charged with interpreting or enforcing the provisions of this chapter, to decide in favor of the applicant in any matter upon which they are required to pass under this chapter, or to effect any variation in this chapter.
(3) 
Meetings. Meetings shall be open to the public and shall be held at the call of the chairperson and at such other times as the Zoning Board of Appeals shall specify in its rules of procedure. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall not conduct business unless a majority of the regular members of the Zoning Board of Appeals are present.
(4) 
Records. Minutes shall be recorded of all proceedings which shall contain evidence and data relevant to every case considered together with votes of the members and the final disposition of each case. Such minutes shall be filed in the office of the Township Clerk and shall be a public record.
(5) 
Secretary and counsel. The Township Clerk shall act as the secretary of the Zoning Board of Appeals and all records of the board's action shall be taken and recorded under the clerk's direction. The Township Attorney may act as legal counsel for the Zoning Board of Appeals, unless the Township Board otherwise provides.
(6) 
Hearings. After proper notice, the Zoning Board of Appeals shall hold a hearing on each request or appeal filed properly with the secretary. The board may recess such hearings from time to time. The applicant may appear in person or by agent or attorney. The chairperson, or acting chairperson in substitution of, may administer oaths and compel the attendance of witnesses.
(7) 
Decisions. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall return a decision upon each case within a reasonable time after a request or appeal has been filed with the board. Any decision of the board shall be final when made.
Cross reference: Boards and commissions, § 2-171 et seq.
State law reference: Zoning board of appeals, MCL 125.288 et seq.
[Code 1974, § 81-2.3]
The Planning Commission, as established by § 2-286, shall have the following powers and duties under this chapter. For a complete list of the Planning Commission's powers and duties refer to § 2-289:
(1) 
Special use permits. To hear and decide, upon application, requests for special use permits and major amendments to special use permits as defined in § 86-129(b), in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(2) 
Zoning text amendments. To initiate, hear, and make recommendations to the Township Board on amendments to the text of this chapter, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(3) 
Zoning Map amendments. To initiate, hear, and make recommendations to the Township Board on amendments to the official Township Zoning Map, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(4) 
Status reports. Periodically reports to the Township Board on the status of the Township's zoning and planning administration.
(5) 
Other. To review, hear, and act on all matters referred to it or upon which it is required to pass under this chapter.
Cross reference: Boards and commissions, § 2-171 et seq.
[Code 1974, § 81-2.4]
The Director of Community Planning and Development shall have the following powers and duties under this chapter:
(1) 
Interpretations. To interpret the provisions within this chapter concerning the intent, purposes, and enforcement subject to appeal to the Zoning Board of Appeals, including all amendments and interpretations.
(2) 
Permits. Upon application, review, and approve or deny requests for building permits, grading permits, and temporary use permits, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(3) 
Special use permits. To hear and decide, upon application, requests for minor amendments to special use permits as defined in § 86-129(c), in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(4) 
Site plan review. Review and approve, approve with conditions, or deny site plans, in accordance with procedures set forth in this division.
(5) 
Development compliance. Inspect all development projects for compliance with this chapter and issue or deny issuance of certificates of occupancy.
(6) 
Enforcement. Investigate alleged violations of this chapter and take appropriate action as set forth in this division.
(7) 
Notification of actions. Notify applicants of actions taken by the Township Board, Zoning Board of Appeals, and the Planning Commission under this chapter.
(8) 
Record maintenance. Maintain permanent records of all permits and certificates issued or denied and all actions taken by the Planning Commission, and the director.
(9) 
Zoning Map. Maintain the official Township Zoning Map for the Township Clerk.
(10) 
Administration. Receive all applications for amendments, site plans, variances, special use permits; conduct field inspections, surveys, and investigations; prepare maps, charts, and other pictorial materials when necessary or desirable; and otherwise process applications and provide administrative assistance to the Planning Commission, the Zoning Board of Appeals, the Township Board, and committees of such entities; report to the applicable board, commission, or committee; and provide requested recommendations.
(11) 
Amendments. Propose and recommend the enactment of amendments of this chapter for the purpose of improving the administration or enforcement of this chapter.
(12) 
Planning Commission. Assist and advise the Planning Commission and be responsible for carrying out the directives of the Planning Commission.
(13) 
Township Board. Assist and advise the Township Board and be responsible for carrying out the directives of the Township Board.
(14) 
Other. To perform any other duties as specified in this division.
Cross reference: Officers and employees, § 2-51 et seq.
[Ord. No. 2007-12, 10-28-2007]
(a) 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to provide the notice requirements for Zoning Map amendments, special use permits, variances, site specific appeals of a decision made by the Director of Community Planning and Development, site specific interpretations of the Code of Ordinances, appeals of decisions made by the Planning Commission, planned unit developments, mixed use planned unit developments, and any other request that requires a public hearing per the Michigan Zoning Enabling Act PA 110 of 2006 (MCL § 125.3101 et seq.). The notice provisions are not intended to include non-site specific appeals of a decision made by the Director of Community Planning and Development, non-site specific interpretations of the Code of Ordinances, a change to the text of the zoning ordinance, or site plan review.
(b) 
Notice of public hearing. Notification of the public hearing shall be given as follows:
(1) 
A notice of public hearing shall be published in at least one newspaper of general circulation in the Township not less than 15 days prior to the date of the hearing.
(2) 
A notice of public hearing shall be delivered personally or by mail to the parties making the request, owner(s) of the property if different than applicant, and to all persons to whom real property is assessed located within 300 feet of the boundary of the property in question at the address listed on the most recent assessment roll, and to the occupants of all structures within 300 feet of the boundary of the property in question. If the name of the occupant is not known, the term "occupant" may be used.
(3) 
Notification shall be given not less than 15 days before the date of the hearing. The notice shall contain all of the following information:
a. 
Indicate the date, time, and place of the hearing.
b. 
Describe the nature of the request.
c. 
Indicate the property which is the subject of request, including any existing street addresses for the site.
d. 
State when and where the request may be examined.
e. 
Indicate when and where written comments will be received concerning the request.
(4) 
When the Planning Commission is scheduled to hold a public hearing pursuant to Subsection 86-94(1) or (2), notice of the date, time, and place of the public hearing shall also be given by mail to each electric, gas and pipeline public utility company, each telecommunication service provider, each railroad operating within the district or zone affected, and the airport manager of each airport, that registers its name and mailing address with the Township Clerk for the purpose of receiving the notice of public hearing.
(5) 
The applicant, where required, shall post a notice of the public hearing on the subject site at least 15 days prior to the hearing on a form provided by the Township. This subsection shall not apply to variances, appeals of a decision made by the Director of Community Planning and Development, interpretations, planned unit developments, and mixed use planned unit developments.