City of Eureka, MO
St. Louis County
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[Ord. No. 646 §2; Ord. No. 988 §1, 6-4-1991; Ord. No. 1020 §1, 4-21-1992; Ord. No. 2496, 8-6-2019; Ord. No. 2559, 10-20-2020]
In every zoning district off-street parking spaces shall be provided to the number calculated by use category, as follows:
Use or Use Category
Off-Street Parking Space(s) Required
Residential, all dwelling units including seasonal camps and cabins
2 per dwelling unit
Rooming, boardinghouses
1 per occupant or unit, whichever is greater
Trailer courts, mobile home parks
2 per mobile home or unit
Dormitories, private clubs, fraternities, sororities and lodges with sleeping rooms
1 per 2 beds
Sanatoriums, homes for the aged, etc.
1 per 5 beds
Convent or monastery
2 per 10 beds
Motel, motor lodge or hotel, tourist court, etc.
5 spaces plus 1 for each suite or sleeping room
Campground or transient trailer park
1 for each tent or trailer space
Hospital
2 per patient bed
Community facilities (library, museum) and other public or private recreational uses or exhibition halls without fixed seats
1 per 100 square feet of floor area
Auditorium, gymnasium, stadium, arena, convention hall or theater
1 per 4 seats or equivalent seating area
Elementary school, junior high
1 per 10 students plus 1 per classroom or office
High school
1 per 6 students plus 1 per classroom or office
Business or trade school
1 per 2 students
Nursery school or day care center
1 for each 400 square feet of floor area, 5 spaces minimum
Church, temple, synagogue or place of worship
1 per 4 seats or equivalent bench seating
Private clubs, lodges, fraternal organizations
1 per 100 square feet of floor area
Bowling alley
4 per lane
Golf course
30 for each 9 holes
Marina
1 for each 2 leasable boat berths
Miniature golf course
20 for each 9 holes
Playing field for baseball, football or soccer
12 for each playing field
Skating rink
1 for each 50 square feet of rink floor space.
Stable or riding academy
1 for each 10 animals which can be stabled on the premises
Swimming beach
1 for each 5 feet of beach shoreline
Swimming pool
1 for each 40 square feet of pool area
Tennis, squash or handball court
3 for each 2 courts
Retail stores or personal service establishment, and bank
1 per 100 square feet of floor area under 2,000 square feet of floor area; 1 per 150 square feet of floor area if greater than 2,000 square feet and less than 4,000 square feet of floor area; 1 per 200 square feet of floor area over 4,000 square feet of floor area
Office or office building, post office, studio
1 per 200 square feet of floor area
Manufacturing or industrial establishments
1 for each 1,000 square feet of developed land area, or 1 per 2 employees on maximum working shift, whichever is greater; plus space for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with the business which will be determined by the planning and zoning commission.
General service or repair establishment, printing, plumbing, broadcasting station, etc.
1 per 200 square feet of floor area
Furniture or appliance store, machinery, equipment automobile and boat sales and services
1 per 200 square feet of floor area, 4 spaces minimum
Boat launching ramp
12 spaces, each 40 feet by 9 feet and abutting two aisles at an angle of no more than 60 degrees, for each single-lane ramp or each full 15 feet of width for a multi-lane ramp
Funeral home, mortuary
1 per 100 square feet of floor area, excluding storage and work areas, 30 spaces minimum
Animal hospital or clinic
1 per 300 square feet of floor area, 5 spaces minimum
Mobile home or travel trailer sales, campers
1 per 200 square feet of sales offices area, 6 spaces minimum
Restaurants: Drive-in, drive-thru and carryout
1 per 75 square feet of floor area, 10 spaces minimum
Restaurant, bar, other establishment for consumption of food or beverage inside the building on the premises.
1 per 100 square feet of floor area, 10 spaces minimum
Batting cages.
2 per batting cage
Golf driving ranges.
1 per tee
Recreation uses not otherwise listed
1 square foot of parking area for each square foot of recreation use
Medical marijuana dispensary facilities
1 per 75 square feet of floor area, in addition to 1 space for each employee on-site during normal business hours as set forth in the operating plan
All other medical marijuana facilities
1 per 100 square feet of floor area
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
The parking requirements in section 23-150 are in addition to space for storage of trucks or other vehicles used in connection with any use.
The parking requirements in this article do not limit special requirements which may be imposed with planned unit developments (PC, PI and CUP), or special uses.
Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be construed to be the next highest whole number.
Except as otherwise provided, the number of employees shall be compiled on the basis of the maximum number of persons employed on the premises at one time on an average day or average night, whichever is greater. Seasonal variations in employment may be recognized in determining an average day.
The parking space requirements for a use not specifically listed in section 23-150 shall be determined by the planning and zoning commission. Parking space requirements shall be established by using accepted principles outlined in the American Society of Planning Officials Publications.
In the case of mixed uses, uses with different parking requirements occupying the same building or premises or in the case of joint use of a building or premises by more than one use having the same parking requirements, the parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately.
Whenever a building is enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise, to create a need under the requirements of this article for an increase in parking spaces of twenty-five percent or more, such additional spaces shall be provided on the basis of the change or enlargement. No additional spaces shall be required for the first change or enlargement which would result in an increase of spaces of less than twenty-five percent of those required before the change or enlargement. This exception shall not apply to a series of changes or enlargements which together result in a need for an increase in parking spaces of twenty-five percent or more.
"Square feet" shall mean the floor area or space within the outside line of walls and includes the sum of all floors of a building. It shall not include porches, garages or space in a basement or cellar when such basement or cellar space is used for storage or incidental uses.
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served; except, that where an increase in the number of spaces is required by a change or enlargement of use or for nonresidential uses, the required spaces may be located and maintained not more than five hundred feet from the building served, upon approval of the planning and zoning commission.
Up to fifty percent of the parking spaces required for (a) theaters, public auditoriums, bowling alleys, dance halls and night clubs, and up to one hundred percent of the parking spaces required for a church auditorium may be provided and used jointly by (b) banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses not normally open, used or operated during the same hours as those uses listed in (a) and up to one hundred percent of parking spaces required for schools may be provided and used jointly by a church auditorium; provided, that written agreement thereto is properly executed and recorded as specified below.
In any case where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served, or where such spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, such parking space shall be established by a recorded covenant or agreement as parking space to be in conjunction with the principal use and shall be reserved as such through an encumbrance on the title of the property to be designated as required parking space, such encumbrance to be valid for the total period any use for which the parking is needed is in existence.
[Ord. No. 646 §2; Ord. No. 1030 §1, 7-21-1992; Ord. No. 1525 §2, 5-15-2001]
(a) 
Minimum area. Minimum dimensions for each off-street parking space shall be nine (9) feet wide and nineteen (19) feet long. Such areas shall be permanently reserved for the temporary storage of one vehicle and shall be connected with a street or alley by a driveway which affords ingress and egress for one motor vehicle without requiring another vehicle to be moved, except for single-family dwellings.
(b) 
Surfacing.
(1) 
All parking lots and driveways except those in the "LLRD" residential district shall be paved with concrete or asphaltic materials.
(2) 
Residential driveways constructed of concrete shall conform to St. Louis County specifications on the right-of-way and a minimum of four (4) inches on private property.
(3) 
Residential driveways constructed of asphaltic materials shall conform to St. Louis County specifications on the right-of-way and a minimum of two (2) inches of Type "C" asphalt on six (6) inches of compacted aggregate base on private property.
(4) 
Commercial and industrial driveways and parking lots (including three (3) units or more multi-family) constructed of concrete shall conform to St. Louis County specifications on the right-of-way, and a minimum of six (6) inches in depth on private property.
(5) 
Commercial and industrial driveways and parking lots (including three (3) units or more multi-family) constructed of asphaltic materials shall conform to St. Louis County specifications on the right-of-way, and a minimum of three (3) inches of Type "C" asphalt on six (6) inches of compacted aggregate base on private property.
(c) 
Drainage and Maintenance. Off-street parking facilities shall be drained so as to eliminate standing water and not cause damage to adjacent public and/or private property. All off-street parking and loading shall be maintained as free as practicable from dust, paper, other loose particles, snow, ice and sleet. All signs, markers and parking location markings shall be maintained in a neat and legible condition. The surfacing of all off-street parking and loading facilities shall be maintained in good condition. All plantings, screenings and structures shall be maintained in good condition. The city administrator is hereby authorized to prohibit the use of off-street parking and loading facilities after properly notifying the owner, agent or operator of maintenance required and giving such owner, agent or operator thirty days in which to comply with requirements contained in the notice.
(d) 
Stormwater Detention. Off-street parking areas may be required to provide for the detention of stormwater on parking lot areas, as determined by the Stormwater Detention Criteria of the City of Eureka, copies of which are on file with the City Clerk, City Administrator and Building Commissioner.
(e) 
Separation From Walkways and Streets. Off-street spaces other than single-family residential shall be separated from walkways, sidewalks, streets or alleys by a wall, fence or curbing or other approved protective device, or by distance, so that vehicles cannot protrude over public and/or private property.
(f) 
Entrances and Exits. Location and design of entrances and exits shall be in conformance with St. Louis County specifications. In general, there shall not be more than one (1) entrance and one (1) exit, or one (1) combined entrance and exit along any one (1) street. Landscaping, curbing or approved barriers shall be provided along lot boundaries to control the entrance and exit of vehicles or pedestrians.
(g) 
Interior Drives. Interior drives shall be in conformance with St. Louis County specifications so as to be of adequate width to serve a particular design arrangement of parking spaces.
(h) 
Marking. Parking spaces in lots of more than ten spaces shall be marked by painted lines or curbs or other means to indicate individual spaces. Signs or markers shall be used as necessary to ensure efficient traffic operation of the lot and to designate handicapped parking spaces.
(i) 
Lighting (excluding residential). Adequate lighting shall be provided if off-street parking spaces are to be used at night. The lighting shall be arranged and installed to eliminate glare on property in a residential district and adjacent streets. Lighting intensity shall be designed in accordance with the county Subdivision Ordinance and as it may be amended.
(j) 
Screening. When off-street parking areas for ten or more automobiles are located closer than fifty feet to a lot in a residential district, and where such parking areas are not entirely screened visually from such lot by an intervening building or structure, a continuous, visual screen with a height of four to six feet shall be provided between the parking area and such lot in a residential district. Such screen may consist of a compact evergreen hedge of foliage screening, a solid fence or other acceptable screening.
(k) 
Erosion Control. Adequate erosion control measures shall be planned and undertaken during the construction period of parking areas, as determined, reviewed and approved by the city administrator.
[Ord. No. 646 §2; Ord. No. 707 §§1, 2; Ord. No. 713 §§1, 2; Ord. No. 1940 §2, 9-19-2006]
Off-street parking facilities shall not be used for the sale, repair, dismantling or servicing of any vehicle, equipment, material or supplies. However, the display and sale of one (1) vehicle, personally owned by the resident/owner or occupant residing in a residential zoning district, shall be permitted once per year.
Vehicles shall not be stored in required front yard areas, with the exception of required, improved and designated parking spaces.
A maximum of five vehicles per residence, including motor homes and recreational vehicles, shall be allowed to park in residential off-street parking spaces.
The parking of one inoperative, damaged or unlicensed vehicle in a residential off-street parking space shall be allowed; provided, that the vehicle is within a garage or carport. This will allow residents to repair their own vehicles.
Off-street parking on a residential lot of commercial motor vehicles having a gross weight in excess of twelve thousand pounds or licensed to haul in excess of twelve thousand pounds, or any tractor or tractor-trailer truck unit, shall be prohibited, excepting motor homes or recreational vehicles.
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
Buildings and structures in existence prior to March 16, 1982, shall not be required to provide off-street parking spaces.
Should the building or structure be enlarged twenty-five percent or more, such enlargement shall be subject to the requirements contained in this article.
Off-street parking facilities in existence on March 16, 1982, shall be required to maintain such off-street parking facility in a safe and usable manner and shall keep such off-street parking facility as free as practicable from dust, paper, snow, ice and sleet.
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
A variance from the requirements contained herein may be allowed upon recommendation of the planning and zoning commission with the approval of the board of aldermen. A public hearing shall not be required in granting variances from the requirements of this article.
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
Building and structures not meeting the requirements contained herein, for which application has been made for a building permit, shall not be granted a building permit unless a variance has been granted in accordance with section 23-156.
[Ord. No. 646 §2]
(a) 
It shall be the duty of the city administrator to carry out and enforce the provisions of this article.
(b) 
The city administrator may grant a conditional or temporary occupancy permit for buildings or structures that have not completed construction of the parking lot when, in the opinion of the city administrator, substantial temporary hardship is shown, such as seasonal weather conditions; provided, that the owner and/or occupant certifies in writing that he will expeditiously complete construction within a reasonable specified period of time, as determined by the city administrator.