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City of Watertown, WI
Jefferson/Dodge County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Watertown as Ch. 15 of the former City Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 253.
Compulsory connection to water and sewer — See Ch. 319, Art. I.
Housing standards — See Ch. 332.
Water and sewer — See Ch. 512.
[Amended by Ord. No. 89-35; Ord. No. 97-34; Ord. No. 12-09]
The Wisconsin State Plumbing Code, § SPS 305.90 and Chs. SPS 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386 and 387, Wis. Adm. Code, so far as applicable, is adopted by reference and made a part of this chapter. A violation of such chapters shall be a violation of this chapter.
No person shall engage in or work at plumbing as defined in § 145.01(10), Wis. Stats., without being licensed as required in § 145.06, Wis. Stats.
A. 
Definition of "plumbing."[1]
(1) 
In this chapter, "plumbing" means and includes:
(a) 
All piping, fixtures, appliances, equipment, devices and appurtenances in connection with water supply systems, water distribution systems, wastewater drainage systems, reclaimed water systems, and stormwater use systems, including hot water storage tanks, water treatment devices, and water heaters connected with these systems, and also includes the installation thereof.
(b) 
The construction, connection, installation, service or repair of any drain or wastewater piping system that connects to the mains or other terminal within the bounds of or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes, including private on-site wastewater treatment systems and stormwater treatment and dispersal systems, and the alteration of any such systems, drains or wastewater piping.
(c) 
The construction, connection, installation, service or repair of water service piping that connects to the main or other water utility service terminal within the bounds of or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes and its connections.
(d) 
The water pressure system other than municipal systems as provided in Ch. 281, Wis. Stats.
(e) 
A plumbing and drainage system so designed and vent piping so installed as to keep the air within the system in free circulation and movement; to prevent with a margin of safety unequal air pressures of such force as might blow, siphon or affect trap seals, or retard the discharge from plumbing fixtures, or permit sewer air to escape into the building; to prohibit cross-connection, contamination or pollution of the water supply and distribution systems; and to provide an adequate supply of water to properly serve, cleanse and operate all fixtures, equipment, appurtenances and appliances served by the plumbing system.
(2) 
"Plumbing" does not include any of the following:
(a) 
A rainwater gutter or downspout down to the point that it discharges into a plumbing system, a subsoil drain, or a foundation drain.
(b) 
A process water reuse system if the process water reuse system is not connected to any plumbing fixture or appliance.
(c) 
A stormwater culvert under a roadway or walkway that is placed there only to equalize the water level from one end of the culvert to the other end.
(d) 
The practical installation of process piping within a sewage disposal plant.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
B. 
"Master and journeyman plumbers" are any persons duly licensed as such by the State Department of Safety and Professional Services, pursuant to Ch. 145, Wis. Stats.
C. 
A "plumbing apprentice" is any person other than a master or journeyman plumber registered as such with the State Department of Safety and Professional Services.
D. 
"Fixtures" shall include all types of fixtures or appliances which are directly connected to the water supply or drainage system.
A. 
Qualifications. The Plumbing Inspector shall be a person of good moral character, duly licensed as a master or journeyman plumber according to the Wisconsin Statutes. He shall be well versed in local ordinances, Wisconsin Statutes, and rules and regulations of the State Department of Safety and Professional Services which pertain to plumbing or the duties of his office.
B. 
Duties and authority. The Plumbing Inspector shall be under the direction of the Building Inspector and the City Engineer and shall have the control of the supervision and inspection of plumbing and drainage work within or in connection with all buildings in the City of Watertown. He shall make or cause to be made all inspections of house sewers and water supply piping from the sewer or water main to the building as to their depth below grade, manner of construction, materials and workmanship, and as to replacing of earth, pavement and sidewalks, and shall faithfully enforce all laws, ordinances and rules in relation thereto. It shall be the duty of the Plumbing Inspector to see that the construction, reconstruction and alteration of all plumbing, drainage and plumbing ventilation hereinafter installed in all buildings in the City of Watertown shall conform to the laws and ordinances of the State of Wisconsin, the City of Watertown, the rules and regulations contained in the Wisconsin State Plumbing Code, the State Department of Safety and Professional Services orders and the provisions of the State Department of Safety and Professional Services relating to plumbing. He shall see that the work shall be done by licensed plumbers, as provided by the law and this chapter, and make all inspections required thereby and in the manner set forth. He shall have the right to enter any building during reasonable hours in the discharge of his official duties. He shall supervise all plumbing installations as may be necessary to adequately enforce this chapter and all state plumbing laws and codes to make all plumbing safe and sanitary in all classes of buildings, both public and private. It shall be the duty of the Plumbing Inspector, with the assistance of the State Department of Safety and Professional Services, to make such interpretations of the State Plumbing Code and local ordinances so as to provide uniform, safe standards of installation.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
The Plumbing Inspector shall prepare suitable forms for the application for permits required, keep in his office a proper daily record of all transactions of his office, and file a monthly report covering the same with the Common Council.
[Amended by Ord. No. 85-4; Ord. No. 91-27; Ord. No. 91-44]
A. 
Permit to do plumbing.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
(1) 
No person shall install or cause to be installed any plumbing or drainage system, or establish or permit to be established, replace or permit to be replaced any water lateral or sanitary sewer lateral as defined in Chapter 512 of this Code, unless a permit therefor has been granted by the Plumbing Inspector, and no plumbing, including water laterals and/or sanitary sewer laterals, shall be used until it has been inspected and approved by the Plumbing Inspector.
(2) 
No permit shall be granted to any licensed person who is to install any plumbing or drainage system which has been reviewed by the State of Wisconsin, Department of Safety and Professional Services, unless a copy of those plans is submitted to the Plumbing Inspector for his records.
[Amended by Ord. No. 12-09]
B. 
Fees. The schedule of permit fees shall be as set by the Common Council and provided under separate fee schedule.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30; Ord. No. 06-18[1]]
(1) 
Permit and minimum inspection fee applies to the inspection of rough-in of all soil, waste, vent and water supply piping, including water laterals and sanitary sewer laterals as defined in Chapter 512 of this Code, private sewage disposal systems, yard catch basins, and building, sanitary and storm drains.
(2) 
Additional fees are based on drain or water connections and administrative fees. Failure to take out a permit before work is started: doubled fee.
(3) 
There shall be no inspection fee or fixture fee for the replacement of any part of the plumbing system within a building if the location of such plumbing has not changed, with the exception of water heaters used to heat domestic hot water, which will require a plumbing permit. A minimum inspection fee, but no fixture fee, shall be applicable.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
C. 
Permit restrictions. No permit shall be issued to any licensed plumber who has failed to renew such license or who has not otherwise complied with the provisions of this chapter regulating such license. No permit shall be issued to any plumber against whom an order issued by the Plumbing Inspector for corrections or additions to work previously improperly installed is pending or who is incompetent to make a plumbing installation. No permit shall be issued to any master plumber during the time that he shall fail to remedy any defective work after written notification by the Plumbing Inspector.
D. 
Expiration of permit. All permits are issued for a period of 12 months from the date of issue, after which time the permit may be renewed for additional 12 months by payment of 1/2 of the administration fee. When a permit expires and is not renewed, all plumbing work will cease, and it will not continue until a new permit is issued upon receipt of full payment to the City.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
E. 
A permit shall be required of an owner or any agent when engaged in the laying of water laterals and/or sanitary sewer laterals pursuant to Chapter 512 of this Code as set forth herein in this chapter. For the purposes of this subsection, the City of Watertown Water Department is deemed an agent of the owner in laying said water laterals and/or sanitary sewer laterals and a permit is required thereunder. No permit shall be required of a contractor or his employees while engaged in laying water mains and service pipes while under a written contract with the City of Watertown or of persons employed by the City for such purpose and when such work is performed by the City of Watertown or its agents at its own expense for its own beneficial use exclusive of the requirements contained in Chapter 512 of this Code.
[Amended by Ord. No. 91-45]
A. 
Inspections and tests. Inspections shall be made by the Plumbing Inspector as provided in the State Plumbing Code and this chapter and shall include:
(1) 
Inspection of the house sewer from main to building.
(2) 
Water service piping from main to building shall be inspected at the time of installation.
(3) 
The soil, wastewater and vent pipe, known as "roughing in," shall be tested and inspected before it is enclosed or covered.
(4) 
Final inspection of the plumbing installation is to be made after fixtures and appliances have been tested and completed and the installation is considered ready for use.
B. 
Certificate of inspection.
(1) 
Whenever any plumbing is ready for inspection, the plumber in charge or the person receiving the permit shall notify the Plumbing Inspector that the work is ready for roughing-in or final inspection. The Plumbing Inspector shall inspect the installation or work within 24 hours of the time such notice is received. The plumber, or person receiving the permit, shall specify the plan or permit number under which the work is being done. If upon inspection it is found that such installations are fully in compliance with this chapter and the state plumbing laws, the Plumbing Inspector shall issue a certificate stating that the plumbing is installed in accordance with this chapter and the state plumbing law.
(2) 
The plumber in charge or the owner shall make such arrangements as will enable the Inspector to reach all parts of the building readily and shall have present the proper apparatus and appliances for making the tests and shall furnish all materials and shall perform all labor in making such tests as required by the Plumbing Inspector.
C. 
Rejections. Whenever any plumbing is declared by the Plumbing Inspector to be incomplete or not in accordance with the Wisconsin State Plumbing Law or this chapter, the Plumbing Inspector shall not issue a certificate of inspection. It shall be his duty to issue orders to the person doing the work to make the necessary changes or additions to the plumbing or drain laying to bring it up to an acceptable standard. The person receiving such orders shall make such changes or additions as ordered by the Plumbing Inspector within a period of 10 days. Concealment of roughing-in before inspection or failure to comply with the orders of the Plumbing Inspector shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
D. 
Report of existing unsanitary conditions. Whenever it shall be reported to the Health Officer that plumbing in any building is contrary to this chapter or is of faulty construction, liable to breed disease or sickness, or is a menace to health, or when upon complaint made to the Health Officer by any person that the plumbing in any building is defective, the Health Officer, upon proper investigation, shall declare such premises condemned and unfit for habitation and properly post such affected premises. Poor workmanship, design or method of installation likewise shall be sufficient for the condemnation of the whole or any part of the plumbing system.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
[Amended by Ord. No. 88-44; Ord. No. 89-34]
A. 
Sewer improvement tax. No person shall be allowed to connect with the public sewage system in any manner unless a sewer improvement tax has been duly made to or paid on the frontage of the property to which sewer connection is to be installed, except when permission to do so has been duly given by the Common Council.
B. 
Record of drain junctions. The City Engineer and Plumbing Inspector shall keep a record and make maps showing the location of all house sewer connections and position of all house drains, connections, junctions and other data necessary for the efficient service of the Water and Wastewater Department.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
C. 
Location of drain junctions. No person but a licensed plumber as herein provided shall be permitted to tap or make connection with the main sewerage system or any part thereof. Such information as the City Clerk/Treasurer or City Engineer may have regarding the location of the sewer junctions or slants will be furnished to the plumbers, the City of Watertown assuming no risk as to the accuracy of the same. When in accordance with the measurements furnished by the City Engineer and Plumbing Inspector the junction is not found, a slant connection and 1/8 bend shall be used, and such connections shall be made under the direction of the Plumbing Inspector. This subsection shall not apply to any sewer contractor or his employees while engaged in construction or repairing any sewer under any contract with the City, nor shall this subsection apply to any person lawfully employed by the City or other duly qualified officer or officers on behalf of the City to do any of the acts herein referred to.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
D. 
Drain for each building. Whenever practicable, the sewer drainage system of every house or building in the City must be separately and independently connected with the street sewer or main sewer, except that where a building stands in the rear of another on the same lot, the house sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building, private garage or barn, and the whole will be considered as one house sewer or main drain.
E. 
Sizes and materials for house sewers. The house sewer extending from the main in the street to the property line shall be constructed of one of the following: polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ASTM designation D2665 or D1785 commonly referred to as schedule 40; acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), ASTM designation D1527 or D2661 or F628 commonly referred to as schedule 40; cast iron, ASTM designation A74 or CISPI 301; concrete, ASTM designation C14 or C76. All schedule 40 pipe shall be bedded with a minimum of three inches of sand, pea gravel or a graded stone which is capable of passing through a three-fourths-inch sieve. Initial backfill on the sides of the pipe and to a height of 12 inches over the top of the pipe shall be commensurate with the bedding. In no case shall the size of the pipe be less than four inches in size.
[Amended by Ord. No. 89-36]
F. 
Defective or inferior pipes prohibited.
(1) 
No person shall lay or connect with any public or private sewer, either storm or sanitary sewer, a pipe that is cracked or of inferior make or quality. Should any property owner or agent thereof furnish pipe of inferior make or quality for laying or connecting the same to any sewer, either public or private, the plumber shall refuse to lay or connect the same.
(2) 
No person shall connect, permit or allow any person to connect collecting lines to a house drain, house sewer or storm sewer when such house drain, house sewer or storm sewer is known or found to be defective or of inferior quality or is too small to serve the purpose for which it is intended.
G. 
Grade or pitch of drains. A house sewer or house drain must have a grade of 1/4 inch or more if possible, and in no case shall the grade be less than 1/8 inch per foot. In cases where the main sewer in the street has sufficient depth or where a lot is three feet or more above the grade line, the grade between the curbline and lot line may receive much greater inclination as in the judgment of the City Engineer or Plumbing Inspector may be deemed necessary.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
H. 
Depth of house sewers and house drains.
(1) 
Where the depth of the main sewer in streets or alleys or other disposal terminals, including private sewage disposal systems, within the City permit, the house sewer or main drain shall be laid not less than six feet below the surface after the street or lot is brought to grade, but in no case shall the depth of the house sewer or main drain be less than five feet below the finished grade.
(2) 
All house drains shall be installed at least 12 inches below the ground level, but where such depths cannot be maintained, the depth of the house drain shall not be less than four inches below the ground level, measurements to be taken from the top of horizontal house drain to graded ground level.
I. 
Drain ends and connections guarded. The ends of all sewer and drain pipes not immediately connected shall be securely closed so as to prevent the introduction of sand or earth, and where the ends of a sewer or drain pipe are connected with a temporary catch basin for draining foundations during the erection of any building or for other purposes, the plumber shall guard the same against the introduction of sand or earth.
J. 
Construction of joints.
(1) 
Joints in vitrified clay sewer pipe shall by Type III compression joints meeting all the requirements of the ASTM C425-60T specifications. In repairing vitrified pipe, joints shall be made of either a mortar or a jointing compound. In joining vitrified clay pipe, the spigot of one pipe must be carefully centered into the bell of the next pipe. Joints shall be firmly packed with hemp, oakum or jute in such a manner as not to disturb the alignment of the pipes, and in such a way as to permit the joint compound to have the greatest unobstructed surface for good pouring and adhesion. When mortar is used, it shall be composed of equal parts of portland cement with clean sharp sand thoroughly mixed with enough water added to give the proper consistency. Jointing compounds shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector or the City Engineer. Pipes before pouring shall be clean.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
(2) 
In joining cast-iron soil pipe to vitrified clay sewer pipe, proper reducers, increasers, bends or curves shall be used; the joint construction of cast-iron soil pipes to vitrified clay sewer pipe shall be made as specified in Subsection J(1).
(3) 
All joints in cast-iron pipe shall be made by first inserting a roll of oakum, hemp or jute and thoroughly caulking it into place, and then followed with pure molten lead well-caulked not less than one inch deep, lead to be brought to top of hub and faced.
(4) 
The use of cement mortar shall not be approved or accepted for the construction of joints in any portion of the house sewer, house drain, storm sewer or other drains.
K. 
Change in direction and alignment. All sewer and drain pipes are to be laid carefully in a trench with perfect alignment where the bottom is trimmed to a perfect grade, and any deviation or change in direction from a straight line shall be made by the use of proper curves, bends and Y's. No sewer or drain pipe shall be clipped where proper fittings can be used for the change of direction.
L. 
Old pipe or drains.
(1) 
Whenever it is necessary to disturb a sewer or drain in actual use, the same shall not be obstructed or disconnected without special permission of the City Engineer. Whenever such drains are to be obstructed or disconnected, the person doing the work shall notify the Plumbing Inspector, who shall thereupon thoroughly investigate the same and report his findings to the City Engineer, who shall thereupon review the evidence presented and submit his recommendation as to what shall be done.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
(2) 
No person shall permit or allow any person to make any connections with or extension to any old sewers or drains without permission or a permit.
M. 
Drains when obstructed. In all cases where the course of any sewer or drain is obstructed by water, gas, steam or other pipes or conduits, the question of passing over or under such obstructions or the raising or lowering thereof so as to permit the construction and installation of the sewer or drain shall be determined by the City Engineer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
N. 
Permit to connect during freezing weather. No openings in the streets will be permitted when the ground is frozen, except when in the judgment of the City Engineer such openings are absolutely necessary, and if such permission is granted, the work shall be done as directed by the City Engineer granting such permit. Said City Engineer or the City of Watertown shall in no way be responsible for any damage done to pipes of any description due to freezing or other causes when such permits are granted.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
O. 
Drains conveying industrial waste.
(1) 
No person shall connect either directly or indirectly any factory, brewery, distillery, stockyard, slaughterhouse, tannery or other building or establishment of any kind whatsoever by any drain sewer with the main sewer through which it is intended or designed to discharge any offal, garbage, filth or other solid refuse or through which substances may be discharged into the main sewer, unless such sewers or drains are provided with adequate and accepted intercepting or grinding appliances.
(2) 
No person shall permit or allow any liquids or solids to enter any public or private sewer or drain which will interfere with the normal process of sewage treatment purification.
P. 
Oil and gasoline separators.
(1) 
No person shall permit or allow the connection of any building, premises or equipment in or outside of such building or premises with any sewer or drain, either storm, sanitary or private, through which any obnoxious, explosive, odorous or unhealthful liquids, gases or substances may be discharged into such sewers.
(2) 
Every filling station which is equipped with a grease or wash rack and which has a sewer connection, every public garage, every City-owned garage, every cleaning or dyeing establishment, and every industrial plant which has grease or oil waste shall be equipped with a suitable grease or oil waste separator or gasoline separator, or both. The size, efficiency, capacity and location thereof shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector before such equipment is installed.
Q. 
Domestic grease catch basins. All domestic grease traps or catch basin installations and equipment shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector before being installed.
R. 
Yard catch basins. All sewer and drain pipes which must be left open to drain cellars, areas, yards, gardens or other places must be connected with a suitable catch basin of brick, vitrified clay pipe, cement or other suitable material and be of not less than 24 inches inside diameter, and the bottom of said catch basin must not be less than 2 1/2 feet below the bottom of the inverted outlet pipe. Every such catch basin or receptacle must be placed inside the lot line of the lot or lots to be drained.
S. 
Steam or hot water blowoffs. Steam exhausts or blowoffs from steam boilers, engines or steam equipment shall not be connected directly with any drain or sewer but shall discharge into a catch basin of suitable size and capacity as provided for in the Wisconsin State Plumbing Code.
T. 
Adequate flushing of drains. No person shall connect any water closet or other plumbing fixture with any drain or sewer unless means are provided and employed for the abundant and adequate flushing of the same with clear water every time it is used. Every such water closet or other fixture shall be properly connected with the City or private water supply system.
U. 
Draining of rain or surface water into sanitary sewer. No person shall cause or permit groundwater, surface or rain water from any building or premises owned or under the control of such person to enter the City sanitary sewer system from drain tile, downspouts, cistern overflow or by any other means. Persons owning or having control of any property where downspouts from buildings now empty into a sanitary sewer, or having a cistern which overflows into the sanitary system, or having a sump from drain tile which overflows or empties in the sanitary system, shall cause the same to be corrected in such a manner as to prevent all groundwater, surface or rain water from entering the sanitary sewer system from said property.
V. 
Storm sewers.
(1) 
Where a storm sewer is available, all cistern overflows, drain tile, downspouts, roof leaders, surface or area drains shall be connected to it.
(2) 
Where storm sewers are not available all cistern overflows, drain tile, downspouts, roof leaders, surface or area drains or other clean water shall be piped separately to the street curb or other place of disposal.
(3) 
Where a sump pit is constructed for the collection of water from drain tile, cistern overflows, downspouts, roof leaders, surface or area drains, the inside diameter shall be at least 18 inches, and the sump shall project a minimum of three inches above the highest level of the basement floor. The discharge pipe from the sump pit shall be rigid pipe with a minimum inside diameter of 1 1/4 inches.
W. 
Opening in plumbing systems. No persons shall cut, break or cause a hole or opening to be made in any plumbing or drainage system unless a proper fitting is inserted. The connection between the pipe and fittings shall be made with a threaded, caulked or wiped joint or other approved method.
X. 
Backflow valves. Where there is a danger of backflow or where backflows have resulted from overloading of storm or sanitary sewers or drains, a backflow valve shall be installed by the property owner. Every backflow valve shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector before being installed.
Y. 
Openings in soil, waste or vent pipes for future fixtures.
(1) 
When openings or fittings are left in soil, waste, vent or drain pipes, to which fixtures will be connected at a later date, a cap, plug or wiped joint or caulked blind ferrule or blind closet flange with watertight gasket shall be used to close all openings. All such openings shall be made watertight. In no case shall the use of wooden plugs, putty, cement tar or like materials be used for the closing of such openings.
(2) 
When openings or fittings are made or left or used in any soil, waste or drain pipe into which plumbing fixtures will be connected, vent pipes shall also be installed for the proper venting of all fixtures.
Z. 
Soil, waste and vent pipe fixture fittings. All soil, waste or vent pipes shall be provided with correctly faced inlet fittings for fixture connections.
AA. 
Prohibited connections. No main or back vent circuit or loop vent above the highest installed fixture shall be used as a soil or waste pipe.
BB. 
Ferrules. A ferrule shall be installed when lead, brass, copper or iron waste or vent pipes are connected to soil, waste or vent pipe hub fittings.
CC. 
Entire development distance of soil stack and collecting lines. When the entire developed distance of a soil stack, including all offsets, exceeds 50 feet from the roof terminal to the point where such pipe enters the house drain, extra heavy pipe shall be used throughout the entire drainage and venting system, except that galvanized iron, brass, copper or lead pipe of standard weight may be used for connecting individual fixture wastes to main soil or waste stacks, branches or collecting lines.
DD. 
Roof terminal flashings. The roof terminal of any soil or vent stack shall be made watertight by the use of copper, lead or cast iron plate flashing.
EE. 
Traps required. Each fixture shall be separately trapped by a water seal trap placed as close to the fixture as possible, except that laundry trays or wash tubs may waste into a single trap.
FF. 
Cleanouts. All soil and waste stacks shall have full-size cleanouts installed at their base. All house drain cleanouts shall be extended two inches above the finished floor line, and the cleanout shall be the same size as the house drain.
GG. 
Cleanouts in soil and waste pipes. Every horizontal soil, waste or collecting line shall have sufficient cleanouts installed. Cleanouts shall be so located and installed that every part of the horizontal piping is accessible for the purpose of rodding or cleaning.
HH. 
Size of cleanouts.
(1) 
Pipe cleanouts shall be the same size as the pipe, up to four inches in diameter and not less than four inches for larger pipe. Cleanouts at the base of soil and waste pipes shall be placed in a vertical position, so that access can be secured to the stack as well as the house drain.
(2) 
The bottom of the clean-out opening in soil or waste stack shall not be less than 28 to 30 inches above the finished floor.
II. 
Bar and soda fountain wastes. Waste pipes from bars or soda fountains shall be connected to the traps serving them with a watertight slip joint or union connection. A waste pipe from bars or soda fountains shall not drain into an open trap, floor drain or other plumbing fixture but shall be connected solid to the sewer and shall be properly trapped and vented.
JJ. 
Beer drips. If beer drips are installed separate from the serving bar, they shall be considered a plumbing fixture and shall be properly trapped and vented.
KK. 
Water closet back vents. Two water closets with floor outlets located on the same floor, discharging into a vented double Y or sanitary tee cross or one water closet discharging into a vented Y or sanitary tee, when no other closet is discharged in the same pipe above, need not be back-vented, provided that the developed distance of the horizontal branch extended with a grade of not less than 1/4 inch per foot does not exceed the inside diameter of the soil branch and the vertical leg between the horizontal soil branch and the vertical leg and the trap water level does not exceed three feet.
LL. 
Back vents for fixtures other than water closets. Two fixtures other than water closets discharging into a vented double Y or sanitary tee cross or an individual fixture other than a water closet discharging into a Y branch or sanitary tee, when no other fixture is discharged in the same pipe above, need not be back-vented, provided that the total fall of the waste pipe between the water level of the trap and the vent pipe extended at a grade of not less than 1/4 inch per foot does not exceed the inside diameter of the branch waste pipe.
MM. 
Circuit or loop vent. Circuit or loop vents shall be installed as provided for in the Wisconsin State Plumbing Code, except that when a single battery of plumbing fixtures is installed on a horizontal soil or waste branch, the first two fixtures nearest the soil or waste stack shall be individually vented, and when a double battery of plumbing fixtures is installed on a soil or waste branch, the first two fixtures of each battery nearest the soil or waste stack shall be individually vented.
NN. 
Tapping of east side interceptor sanitary sewer.
(1) 
No person shall be allowed to tap in or make connection with the east side twenty-four-inch interceptor sanitary sewer unless written permission is obtained from the City Engineer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30]
(2) 
In the event written permission is obtained to tap into said interceptor sanitary sewer, a fee as set by the Common Council and provided under separate fee schedule shall first be paid to the City Clerk/Treasurer and said tapping in or connection shall be inspected by the City Engineer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(3) 
The applicant for said tap-in shall be liable for all damage which may be sustained to said east side interceptor sanitary sewer by reason of said tap-in.
A. 
Temperature and pressure relief valve.
(1) 
Every domestic hot water system, hot water storage tank or any device or appliance in which water is heated or stored shall have suitably installed on it an automatic temperature and pressure relief valve of such design that the valve opens to relieve the temperature before the temperature of the hottest water reaches 212° F., and allows the water to go to waste until the temperature in the system is reduced not less than 10° F. nor more than 20° F.
(2) 
The valve shall also relieve the pressure in the system should the pressure increase above the maximum working pressure for which the system is intended.
(3) 
The valve shall be constructed of nonferrous metal throughout, and the relieves shall be through a single port, the opening and closing of which is automatically controlled by temperature and pressure rises. The valve shall open in the direction of the pressure in the system to atmosphere.
(4) 
In addition, the relief valve shall have a safety plug set to melt at 230° to 240° F.
(5) 
The valve shall be of not less than three-fourths-inch iron pipe size inlet and not less than one-half-inch waste outlet. The valve shall be installed directly in the tank, or in a fitting to which the hottest water has constant access, or in the hottest waterline not more than 18 inches from the outlet of the tank.
B. 
Valves in hot water circulation pipes. The installation or maintenance of shutoff valves is prohibited in the floor or return pipe between heating units and hot water storage tanks or range boilers.
C. 
Range boilers. All range boilers or hot water storage tanks installed on a domestic hot water system shall be of quality and weight known as extra heavy. Such tanks shall be tested at 150 pounds working pressure.
D. 
Water supply control. A valve or shutoff shall be installed on the water supply pipe just inside the foundation wall; a stop and waste valve for each flat or apartment; a stop and waste valve for each sprinkler faucet; a stop or shutoff valve for each range boiler or hot water storage tank; and a stop for each water closet and urinal.
E. 
Water system. The water system shall be provided with a drip at its lowest point or where it may be tapped.
A. 
Permit required. No person shall make or cause to be made any excavation or opening in any street, alley, sidewalk or other public way within the City without first obtaining a permit from the Street Superintendent. All openings to be made in improved streets shall be reported to the Street Superintendent before work is begun. A duplicate copy of the permit shall be deposited with the City Engineer.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30; Ord. No. 99-19]
B. 
Liability insurance required.
(1) 
No street opening permit shall be issued hereunder until the applicant files with the Street Superintendent public liability insurance written by a company licensed to do business in the State of Wisconsin, for the principal sum of not less than $1,000,000 bodily injury per occurrence and $500,000 property damage per occurrence, such policy to be written according to a standard form now in general use. A duplicate of such policy shall be deposited with the City Engineer. Aggregate coverage for bodily injury and property damage may be in any amount in excess of the per-occurrence amounts set forth hereinabove. Such policy shall have an endorsement protecting the City as its interests may appear as the result of any accident or injury for which the City may otherwise become liable.
[Amended by Ord. No. 92-13; Ord. No. 99-19]
(2) 
Exception. No insurance required in Subsection B(1) need be filed by a public utility, but each such utility shall file with the City Clerk/Treasurer an agreement to indemnify the City for any liability or expense the City may become subject to or may incur by reason of issuance of a permit hereunder or the work performed pursuant to such permit.
C. 
Excavated material.
(1) 
When opening any street surface or other public way, all material for paving or ballasting must be removed with the least possible loss of surfacing material. When the side of a trench will not stand perpendicular, sheeting and braces shall be used to prevent caving. When caving occurs, all the street surface thus disturbed must be restored in the same manner as though it were an excavated trench. All trenches or ditches shall be constructed under the regulations on tunnel, caisson or trench construction issued by the State Department of Safety and Professional Services.
(2) 
Paving or ballasting material together with the excavated material from the trenches, or otherwise, must be placed where it will cause the least inconvenience to the public, and all such material must be so placed that it will admit free passage of stormwater or other water along the curb. As little as possible of the trench must be dug until the slant or junction place in the main sewer is found.
D. 
Backfilling.
(1) 
All trenches made in any street shall be backfilled with sand or gravel and the old excavated material carried away and disposed of. The material moved in excavating for the trenches may be used to backfill the same if it is a granular material and approval to do so is obtained from the Street Superintendent.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30; Ord. No. 99-19]
(2) 
The plumber, drain layer or contractor shall exercise every possible precaution to compact all backfill in such a manner as prescribed by the Street Superintendent or his agent so the surface of the ditch or trench after backfilling will not settle in excess of three inches within six months after backfilling. The plumber, drain layer or contractor who did the backfilling shall be liable to the City for any and all costs incurred in restoring the ditch or trench surface to proper grade.
[Amended by Ord. No. 98-30; Ord. No. 99-19]
(3) 
If any damage to person or property results within six months from the completion of the backfilling of the ditch or trench by reason of the sinking of the ditch or trench because of improper backfilling thereof by the plumber, drain layer or contractor, and the City is held liable therefor, the City shall be indemnified therefor on the bond of the plumber, drain layer or contractor backfilling the ditch or trench causing the damage.
E. 
Protection of public. Every person causing an opening to be made hereunder shall enclose each opening with sufficient barriers. Warning lights must be kept burning from sunset to sunrise, one light to be placed at intervals of 10 feet. All necessary precautions shall be taken to guard the public effectively from accidents or damage during the work. The person doing the work will be held liable for all damages, including the costs incurred by the City in defending any action brought against it for damages and the costs of an appeal that may result from injury or damage to persons, vehicles or property of any kind.
F. 
Relaying of pavement.
[Amended by Ord. No. 88-97; Ord. No. 91-19; Ord. No. 97-15]
(1) 
The relaying of street surface following opening hereunder shall be done by the Street Department or by a contractor under the supervision and control of the Street Superintendent and shall be paid for by the applicant at the time the permit is issued at the rates established by Common Council.
[Amended by Ord. No. 06-18[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
The Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Bell, Wisconsin Natural Gas Company, and television cable company may elect to relay the street surfaces of openings for which they have permits at their expense, but subject to the approval of the City Engineer. The pavement will be replaced as originally constructed or as specified by the City Engineer.
(3) 
If pavement cut is made other than an emergency cut within 12 months of a new pavement being laid, the penalty will be three times the above charge. If the pavement is cut from 12 to 36 months following a new pavement, the penalty will be two times the above charge.
(4) 
Utility companies will not be allowed to relay street surfaces of openings except for emergencies for which they have permits within the first 36 months following a new pavement and will be subject to the above penalties.
See Chapter 319, Article I, of this Code.
Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall be subject to the penalty provided in § 1-4 of this Code. Each violation and each day a violation continues or occurs shall constitute a separate offense. This section shall not preclude the City from maintaining any appropriate action to prevent or remove a violation of this chapter.