Borough of Rosslyn Farms, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
All words used in this Ordinance shall carry their customary meanings except where specifically defined. Words used in the present tense shall include the future. The singular number shall include the plural, and the plural the singular. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not permissive; the word "may" is permissive. The words "used" or "occupied" as applied to any land or structures, shall be construed to include the words "intended, arranged, designed to be used or occupied." The word "person" shall include an individual, corporation, partnership, incorporated association or any other entity. Words in the masculine gender include the feminine gender.
The following words and phrases shall have the particular meaning specified for the purpose of this Ordinance:
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A building or structure which is on the same lot with, but detached from, the principal building and which is customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal building, including, but not limited to, minor garages, storage sheds, swimming pools, tennis courts, gazebos, signs, fences and similar structures.
ACCESSORY USE
A use customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use and located on the same lot as the principal use.
ADJACENT
Immediately adjacent; sharing common property lines uninterrupted by any public street, railroad or other right-of-way.
ADULT ARCADE
Any place to which the public is permitted or invited wherein coin-operated or slug-operated or electronically, electrically, or mechanically controlled still or motion picture machines, projectors, computer generated or reproduced images or other image-producing devices are maintained to show images to five (5) or fewer persons per machine at any one time, and where the images so displayed are distinguished or characterized by the depicting or describing of "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas."
ADULT BOOKSTORE OR ADULT VIDEO STORE
A commercial establishment which, as one of its principal business purposes, offers for sale or rental for any form of consideration any one (1) or more of the following:
a. 
books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter, or photographs, films, motion pictures, videocassettes or video reproductions, slides, CD-ROM discs or other computer software or other visual representations which depict or describe "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas"; or
b. 
instruments, devices, or paraphernalia which are designed for use in connection with "specified sexual activities."
A commercial establishment may have other principal business purposes that do not involve the offering for sale or rental of material depicting or describing "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas" and still be categorized as ADULT BOOKSTORE or ADULT VIDEO STORE. Such other business purposes will not serve to exempt such commercial establishment from being categorized as an ADULT BOOKSTORE or ADULT VIDEO STORE so long as one of its principal business purposes is the offering for sale or rental for consideration the specified materials which depict or describe "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas."
ADULT CABARET
A nightclub, bar, restaurant, or similar commercial establishment which regularly features:
a. 
persons who appear in the state of nudity; or
b. 
live performances which are characterized by the exposure of "specified anatomical areas" or by "specified sexual activities"; or
c. 
films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas."
ADULT MOTEL
A hotel, motel or similar commercial establishment which offers accommodations to the public for any form of consideration and provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmissions, films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides, computer generated or reproduced images or similar photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas".
ADULT MOTION PICTURE THEATER
A commercial establishment where, for any form of consideration, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, computer generated or reproduced images or similar photographic reproductions are regularly shown which are characterized by the depiction or description of "specified sexual activities" or "specified anatomical areas."
ADULT THEATER
A theater, concert hall, auditorium, or similar commercial establishment which regularly features persons who appear in a state of nudity or live performances which are characterized by the exposure of "specified anatomical areas" or "specified sexual activities."
ALLEY
A public thoroughfare that affords only a secondary means of access to adjacent property and is not intended for general traffic circulation.
ALTERATION, STRUCTURAL
See STRUCTURAL ALTERATION.
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer who has filed an application for development, including his heirs, successors and assigns, as the case may be.
AREA, LOT
See LOT AREA.
ARTERIAL STREET
A public street which serves large volumes of high speed and long distance traffic. The street classified as an arterial street in the Borough is the Parkway West and its related ramps controlled by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT).
ATTIC
A space or loft space between the roof and the ceiling of the top floor.
AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE STATION
Any structure or land used for the dispensing, sale or offering for sale at retail, of any automobile fuels, oils or accessories, including lubrication of automobiles and replacement or installation of minor parts and accessories, but excluding any major repair work, such as motor replacement, body and fender repair, spray painting or welding, storage of automobiles not in operating condition, and which may include retail facilities for merchandise other than automobile related, such as lunches, refreshments, groceries, and printed or electronically recorded material, whether or not automobile fuel and oil receipts exceed that of the other retail merchandise; and/or car wash facilities.
BASEMENT
A story partly below ground having one-half (1/2) or more of its height below the average level of the adjacent ground.
BASIC GRADE
The average elevation of the proposed grade line of the ground at the front of the structure as shown on the construction plans; in the case of a structure abutting the front property line, the elevation of the curb in front of the center of the structure, or if there is no curb, the elevation of the proposed grade line at the center of the front lot line; in case no grade line is established the actual existing grade of the traveled roadway shall apply.
BILLBOARD
Any off-premises sign which advertises an establishment, activity, person, product or service which is unrelated to or unavailable on the premises where the sign is located.
BOARD
See ZONING HEARING BOARD.
BOROUGH
The Borough of Rosslyn Farms, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
BOROUGH COUNCIL
Borough Council of the Borough of Rosslyn Farms, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
BUFFER AREA
A landscaped area of a certain depth specified by this Ordinance intended to provide a visual barrier which shall be planted and maintained in trees, grass, ground cover, shrubs, bushes or other natural landscaping material or an existing natural barrier or constructed natural barrier which duplicates the effect of the required Buffer Area.
BUILDING
A structure having a roof supported by columns or walls used for the housing or sheltering of persons, animals or tangible personal property.
BUILDING HEIGHT
See HEIGHT OF BUILDING.
BUILDING PERMIT
A document issued by Borough attesting that a proposal for construction meets all requirements of the Borough Building Code, allowing the approved construction to proceed.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
See PRINCIPAL BUILDING.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
The line within a property defining the minimum required distance between the front of any building and the adjacent street line. (See also YARD, FRONT)
BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL OFFICES
See OFFICES, BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL
BUSINESS SERVICES
Establishments engaged in providing services to business offices on a fee or contract basis, including, but not limited to, advertising and public relations; management and consulting services; employment services; building security and maintenance services; equipment servicing, rental/leasing and sales; computer and data processing services; mailing, photocopying, quick printing and fax services; sale of office supplies; and similar business services; but not including the rental, sales or repair of vehicles or heavy equipment.
CAFETERIA OR EMPLOYEE DINING ROOM
An eating establishment located within a business establishment which is restricted to employees of the business establishment and their invited guests.
CHURCH
A building, other than a dwelling, used by a non-profit group or organization which is created and exists for the sole purpose of regularly conducting worship services and which may also include, as accessory uses, religious education, social and recreational activities and administrative offices.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
The triangular area formed by a diagonal line connecting two (2) points located on intersecting right-of-way lines (or right-of-way line and the curb of a driveway), each point being that distance from the intersection, and the two (2) intersecting right-of-way lines (or right-of-way line and a driveway) specified in the illustration in Appendix A.
CLINIC, MEDICAL
Any establishment where one (1) or more practitioners offer a range of related services to human patients who are examined and treated by or under the care and supervision of doctors, dentists or other medical practitioners, but where patients are not hospitalized overnight.
CLINIC, VETERINARY
See VETERINARY CLINIC.
COLLECTOR STREET
A public street which, in addition to giving access to abutting lots, intercepts local streets and provides a route for carrying considerable volumes of local traffic to community facilities and arterial streets. Streets classified as collector roads in the Borough for the purposes of interpreting this Ordinance are: Kings Highway (between Rosslyn Road and Baldwin Road) and Rosslyn Road (between the Parkway West and Kings Highway).
COMMERCIAL SCHOOL
A privately operated, for-profit establishment providing technical or skilled training, vocational or trade educational courses and programs.
COMMERCIAL RECREATION
See RECREATION, COMMERCIAL.
COMMONWEALTH
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
COMMUNICATIONS ANTENNA
Any structure designed for transmitting or receiving wireless communications of video, voice, data and similar transmissions, including, but not limited to, omni-directional or whip antennas, directional or panel antennas and satellite or microwave dish antennas which may be mounted on an existing building, an existing public service corporation storage or transmission structure or an existing communications tower, except for transmission and receiving devices licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) exclusively for private use by citizens.
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BUILDING
A manned or unmanned structure which contains the equipment necessary to maintain and operate communications antennas and which covers an area on the ground in excess of two hundred (200) square feet.
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT CABINET
An unmanned structure which contains the equipment necessary to maintain and operate communications antennas and which covers an area on the ground of no more than two hundred (200) square feet.
COMMUNICATIONS TOWER
Any structure, whether freestanding or attached to a building, designed to support multiple communications antennas, including monopole, self-supporting and guyed towers and one (1) or more of the following mounts for antennas: rotatable platform, fixed platform multi-point or side-arm mounts and pipe mounts for microwave dish antennas.
COMMUNITY CLUB
An organization comprised mainly of residents of the neighborhood in which it is located, the primary purpose of which is the advancement of its members or of the community in recreation, education, cultural or civic pursuits and activities.
COMMUNITY GARDEN
An area of land owned by the public that is made available to the residents of a community on a seasonal basis for the growing of flowers and vegetables.
COMMUNITY SERVICES INSTITUTION
Any office, place of assembly or recreational facility operated by a government agency or its authorized agency, a non-profit organization or an authority that provides social services, including counseling, recreation, employment, financial or other types of assistance to the general public, or a segment thereof, but not including any residential facilities.
COMPLETELY ENCLOSED BUILDING
A building which has continuous connecting walls and a roof designed so that all the walls are solid from the ground to the roof, containing no openings other than windows and doors.
CONDITIONAL USE
An authorized use which may be granted only by Borough Council pursuant to express standards and criteria prescribed in this Ordinance, after review and recommendation by the Planning Commission and public hearing by Borough Council.
CONSTRUCTION TRAILER
A mobile unit temporarily placed on a construction site to provide temporary offices, storage or construction supervision on the site during the time when a valid Building Permit or Grading Permit is in effect.
COUNCIL
See BOROUGH COUNCIL.
COUNTY
County of Allegheny, Pennsylvania.
COVERAGE
See LOT COVERAGE.
DAY CARE CENTER
A facility licensed by the Commonwealth located in a building which is not used as a dwelling unit for the care during part of a twenty-four (24) hour day of children under the age of sixteen (16) or handicapped or elderly persons.
DAY CARE HOME
A home occupation involving the care, on a regular basis, during part of a twenty-four (24) hour day of not more than six (6) children under sixteen (16) years of age, excluding care provided to children who are relatives of the operator and which is licensed or registered by the Commonwealth.
DECK
Any uncovered outdoor living area, without a roof, in excess of twenty-four (24) square feet, constructed on or above the surface of the ground.
DENSITY
A measure of the number of dwelling units which occupy, or may occupy, an area of land.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner or agent of such landowner who makes or causes to be made an application for development.
DOMESTIC PETS
Animals, fish or fowl customarily found in a dwelling and kept for company or pleasure, including, but not limited to dogs and cats, provided there is not a sufficient number to constitute a kennel, as herein defined; hamsters, parakeets or canaries and similar small animals or birds, but not including any exotic animals such as lions, tigers, bears, ocelots or other feral cats or poisonous snakes, alligators, monkeys or other animals normally found in a zoo; nor any horses, pigs or other fowl or livestock customarily found on a farm.
DRIVE-IN FACILITIES
Any principal use or accessory use which provides services to persons while they remain in their vehicles, including, but not limited to drive-in restaurants, drive-in banking windows, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), drive-through car washes, drive-up vehicle services such as lubrication and oil change and the like.
DRIVEWAY
A private paved area which provides vehicular access to a parking space, garage, dwelling or other structure.
DRUGSTORE
A retail establishment which sells prescription drugs and patent medicines, and which also may sell surgical and sickroom supplies, cosmetics, household goods and a limited selection of food products.
DWELLING
Any building designed or used as permanent living quarters for one (1) or more families, but not including hotels, motels, dormitories, bed and breakfast, assisted living facilities, nursing homes, personal care boarding homes, group care facilities or an educational, religious or philanthropic institution that includes residential facilities.
A.
Single Family Dwelling — A residential building containing one (1) dwelling unit and which is the only principal building on the lot.
B.
Two Family Dwelling — A residential building containing two (2) independent dwelling units, each having a separate entrance.
C.
Multifamily Dwelling — A residential building or portion thereof containing three (3) or more dwelling units, including garden apartments and townhouses.
D.
Garden Apartment — A multifamily residential building no more than three (3) stories in height containing three (3) or more dwelling units which share a common entrance to the outside, usually through a common corridor, balcony or walkway and which dwelling units may have other dwelling units either above or below them.
E.
Townhouse — A multifamily residential building no more than two and one half (2 1/2) stories in height which contains at least three (3), but no more than eight (8) dwelling units, each of which are separated from the adjacent unit or units by a continuous, unpierced vertical wall extending from the basement to the roof, each unit having independent access directly to the outside and having no other units above or below.
DWELLING UNIT
One (1) or more rooms which are used as living quarters for one (1) family and which have permanent facilities for sleeping, kitchen facilities, as well as separate sanitary facilities.
DWELLING UNIT DENSITY
The number of dwelling units authorized by this Ordinance per acre of land.
EASEMENT
An area of land within which certain rights are granted by the owner for public or private purposes.
EDUCATIONAL, RELIGIOUS, PHILANTHROPIC INSTITUTION
Any facility operated by a government agency or its authorized agency, a non-profit organization or an authority that is not otherwise specifically defined by this Ordinance that provides social services to the general public, or a segment thereof, and that may or may not include residential facilities.
EROSION
The process by which the surface of the land is worn away by the action of water, wind or chemical action.
ESCORT
A person who, for consideration, agrees or offers to act as a companion, guide or date for another person, or who agrees or offers to privately model lingerie or to privately perform a striptease for another person.
ESCORT AGENCY
A person or business association who furnishes, offers to furnish or advertises to furnish escorts as one of its primary business purposes for a fee, tip or other consideration.
ESSENTIAL SERVICES
The erection, construction, alteration or maintenance by public utilities or municipal or other governmental agencies, of underground or overhead Cable TV, gas, electrical, steam or water transmission or distribution systems, collection, communication supply or disposal systems including poles, wires, mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduit cables, transmitters, fire alarm boxes, police call boxes, traffic signals, hydrants and other similar equipment and accessories in connection therewith; reasonably necessary for the furnishing of adequate service by such public utilities or municipal or other governmental agencies or for the public health or safety or general welfare, but not including structures.
FAMILY
Either an individual, or two (2) or more persons related by blood or marriage or adoption; or a group of not more than four (4) persons not so related (not counting servants), living together and maintaining a common household, or any number of persons protected by the provisions of the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3601 et seq., as now or hereafter amended) living together in a supervised group living arrangement and maintaining a common household. (Family shall not include persons living together in any supervised living arrangement who are not maintaining a common household or who are not protected by the provisions of the Federal Fair Housing Amendments Act.)
FENCE
A constructed barrier of any natural or man-made material or combination of materials erected to enclose or screen an area of land, but not including a retaining wall.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Banks, Savings and Loan Associations and similar institutions that lend money or are engaged in a finance-related business.
FLOOR AREA, GROSS
The sum of the horizontal areas of the several floors of a principal building measured between the exterior faces of walls.
FLOOR AREA, NET
Gross floor area, less the stairways, elevators, halls, utility and bathroom areas and mechanical rooms.
GARAGE
A building or portion thereof, used for the storage but not repair or service of motor vehicles. A garage is not a service station (See AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE STATION.)
GARDEN APARTMENT
See "D" under DWELLING.
GAS STATION
See AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE STATION.
GRADE
See BASIC GRADE.
GROSS FLOOR AREA
See FLOOR AREA, GROSS
HARDSHIP
Physical circumstances or condition unique to the particular property involved which preclude development in strict conformity with the provisions of the Ordinance.
HEIGHT OF BUILDING
The vertical distance and the number of stories measured from the basic grade to:
a. 
The highest point of the roof adjacent to the front wall for flat roofs.
b. 
The deck line for mansard roofs.
c. 
The mean height between eaves and ridge, for gabled, hipped, or gambrel roofs.
HEIGHT OF STRUCTURE
The vertical distance measured from basic grade around the structure to the highest point of a structure, other than a building. (See also "HEIGHT OF BUILDING")
HOME BASED BUSINESS, NO IMPACT
A business or commercial activity administered or conducted as an accessory use which is clearly secondary to the use of a dwelling for residential purposes and which involves no customer, client or patient traffic, whether vehicular or pedestrian, and no pick-up, delivery or removal functions to or from the premises in excess of those normally associated with residential use.
HOME GARDENING
The maintenance of a water garden or the raising of flowers, fruits and vegetables for personal use and enjoyment on a residential lot, not involving any sale or other profit-making activity.
HOME OCCUPATION
An accessory use of a service character, other than a no impact home based business, carried on primarily within a dwelling unit by the residents thereof which is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the building for dwelling purposes, and which does not change the residential character thereof.
HOTEL/MOTEL
An establishment which provides transient lodging accommodations to the general public and which may provide such additional supporting services as restaurants, meeting rooms, parking garage, recreation facilities and living quarters for a resident manager or proprietor.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Any material which prevents the absorption of stormwater into the ground, including, but not limited to, concrete, asphalt, stone, brick, block or other paving material or a roof or awning.
KENNEL
Any household or establishment where more than four (4) dogs or more than six (6) cats, or any combination of cats and dogs exceeding six (6) animals, who are more than six (6) months old are kept, bred, trained and/or boarded at any one time, whether for profit or not.
LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN
A plan prepared in accordance with the application requirements of the Borough Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance for approval of a land development, as defined therein.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in the land.
LANDSCAPE SCREEN
Any combination of hedges, trees, shrubs or earth berms arranged so as to create a continuous visual barrier.
LANDSCAPING CONTRACTOR
A retail business which includes the growing and/or selling of flowers, plants, trees, shrubs and other natural flora and the products which aid their growth and care and which may include one (1) or more of the following activities as accessory uses only: storage of small amounts of decorative landscaping materials such as landscaping ties, decorative rocks, marble chips, sandstone or limestone chips; and/or the storage of small amounts of reddog, slag, sand or gravel to be used in landscaping or preparation of driveways; and/or shredding or screening of topsoil; however, in no case shall any amount of asphalt or cold patch be permitted to be stored or prepared on the site.
LANDSCAPING PLAN
A plan prepared by a registered landscape architect or registered architect identifying each tree and shrub by size, type and scientific name, the location of each, including a planting diagram and such other diagrams or reports as are necessary to show the method of planting, staking and mulching, grass seeding specifications and mixtures and existing trees to be preserved.
LICENSEE
See PERMITTEE OR LICENSEE
LOADING SPACE
A portion of a lot used for the standing, loading or unloading of materials or merchandise received or distributed by tractor-trailers.
LOCAL STREET
Any public street that is not defined herein as an arterial street or a collector street.
LOT
A tract of land in a plan of subdivision or any other parcel of land described in a deed or legal instrument pursuant to the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania intended to be used as a unit for development or transfer of ownership.
LOT AREA
That area measured on a horizontal plane bounded by the front, rear and side lot lines, exclusive of any area within a street right-of-way.
LOT, CORNER
A lot situated at and abutting the intersection of two (2) streets, having an interior angle of intersection not greater than one hundred thirty-five (135) degrees.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot other than a corner lot.
LOT, THROUGH
A lot, the front lot line and rear lot line of which abut streets.
LOT COVERAGE
That percentage of the lot area covered by all principal and accessory structures and impervious surfaces, including, but not limited to, decks, patios, walkways, parking pads, driveways and parking areas.
LOT OF RECORD
Any lot which individually or as a part of a subdivision, has been recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds of Allegheny County.
LOT LINE, FRONT
That line which bounds the lot contiguous with the street right-of-way line. (In the case of a corner lot or through lot, there are two (2) front lot lines.)
LOT LINE, REAR
That line which is generally opposite to the front lot line.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line.
LOT WIDTH
The straight line distance between the points of intersection of the building setback line with the side lot lines.
MAXIMUM EXTENT FEASIBLE
No feasible and prudent alternative exists, and all possible planning to minimize potential harm has been undertaken.
MEDIATION
A voluntary negotiating process in which parties in a dispute mutually select a neutral mediator to assist them in jointly exploring and settling their differences, culminating in a written agreement which the parties themselves create and consider acceptable.
MEDICAL CLINIC
See CLINIC, MEDICAL
MEDICAL OFFICE
See OFFICE, MEDICAL
MINI-WAREHOUSE
A building or group of buildings in a controlled access and fenced compound that contains various sizes of individual, compartmentalized and controlled access stalls and/or lockers leased to the general public for a specified period of time for the dead storage of personal property.
MOTEL
See HOTEL/MOTEL.
MOTOR VEHICLE
A self-propelled device used for transportation of people or goods over the streets and highways and licensed by the Commonwealth as a motor vehicle.
MULTIFAMILY DWELLING
See "C" under DWELLING TYPES
MUNICIPALITIES PLANNING CODE
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, Act 247 of 1968, 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq., as amended.
NET FLOOR AREA
See FLOOR AREA, NET
NO IMPACT HOME BASED BUSINESS
See HOME BASED BUSINESS, NO IMPACT
NONCONFORMING LOT
A lawful lot, legally existing at the time of passage of this Ordinance (or subsequent amendment), that does not comply with the applicable lot area and lot width requirements of this Ordinance for the Zoning District in which the lot is located by reason of the adoption of this Ordinance or its subsequent amendment.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE
A lawful structure or portion thereof, legally existing at the time of passage of this Ordinance (or subsequent amendment), that does not conform to the terms of this Ordinance governing area, lot coverage, height, yards, other characteristics of the structure, or its location on the lot by reason of the adoption of this Ordinance or its subsequent amendment.
NONCONFORMING USE
A lawful use of a structure or land, legally existing at the time of passage of this Ordinance (or subsequent amendment), which does not conform to the current use regulations applicable in the Zoning District in which it is located by reason of the adoption of this Ordinance.
NUDE MODEL STUDIO
Any place where a person who appears in a state of nudity or displays "specified anatomical areas" is provided to be observed, sketched, drawn, painted, sculptured, photographed or similarly depicted by other persons who pay money or any form of consideration.
NUDITY or a STATE OF NUDITY
The appearance of a human bare buttock, anus, male genitals, female genitals or female breast.
OCCUPANCY PERMIT
A separate permit required before occupancy of a dwelling or other building is permitted. Occupancy is defined as taking possession of, or using, any structure as an occupant, permanently or temporarily.
OFFICES, BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL
Any office of recognized professions, other than medical, such as lawyers, architects, engineers, real estate brokers, insurance agents and others who, through training, are qualified to perform services of a professional nature and other offices used primarily for accounting, corresponding, research, editing or other administrative functions, but not including banks or other financial institutions.
OFFICES, MEDICAL
One (1) or more administrative offices of individual doctors, dentists, chiropractors or other medical practitioners and their supporting staffs where human patients receive diagnosis, treatment and counseling.
PARKING AREA
A paved area, other than a parking pad, street or alley, used exclusively for the parking of motor vehicles, including parking spaces and the aisles and driveways providing access to the parking spaces.
PARKING AREA, PRIVATE
A parking area which is an accessory use on the same lot owned and used by the tenants or owners of the lot only and their invited guests.
PARKING AREA, PUBLIC
A parking area which is the principal use on the lot, available for use by the general public for the parking of motor vehicles which may be operated by either a public agency or private entity, whether for profit or not.
PARKING GARAGE, PRIVATE
A detached accessory building, or portion of a principal building, for the parking or temporary storage of motor vehicles belonging to occupants of the premises.
PARKING GARAGE, PUBLIC
A parking area located in a parking structure or parking garage which is the principal use on the lot, which may be operated by either a public agency or a private entity, whether for profit or not, and which is available to the general public for the parking of motor vehicles.
PARKING PAD
A paved area, other than a driveway, on a residential lot intended for the parking of one (1) or more motor vehicles owned by the owners or tenants of the lot, which is accessory to the principal use of the lot.
PARKING SPACE
A portion of a garage or parking area designated for the parking of one motor vehicle designed in accordance with the requirements of this Ordinance.
PERMITTEE OR LICENSEE
The individual, partnership, corporation, incorporated association or other legal entity to whom a valid permit or license is issued by the Borough in accordance with the terms of this Ordinance.
PERSON
An individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, estate, trust or other legal entity.
PERSONAL SERVICE SHOP
Any enterprise conducted wholly within a completely enclosed building for profit, which primarily offers services to the general public such as shoe repair, valet service, watch repairing, barber shop, beauty parlors and related activities, but not including the repair of automobiles and machinery.
PLANNING COMMISSION
Those persons appointed by Borough Council of the Borough of Rosslyn Farms, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania to be the planning agency for the Borough as defined and authorized by Article II of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.
PLOT PLAN
A drawing based on a property survey prepared by a registered surveyor in the Commonwealth submitted in connection with an application for approval under this Ordinance drawn accurately and legibly on durable material showing compliance with all applicable requirements of this Ordinance.
PORCH
An accessory structure attached to a dwelling constructed either on or above the ground, with or without an enclosed foundation and which has flooring that is impervious or is covered by a roof or awning.
PORTABLE STORAGE UNIT (PSU)
A portable container, shed or other storage device, generally delivered or picked up by truck, tractor or other such vehicle, used for the purpose of storing tangible personal property.
[Added 7-11-2011 by Ord. No. 372; amended 4-9-2012 by Ord. No. 378]
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
The building or buildings on a lot in which the principal use or uses are conducted.
PRINCIPAL STRUCTURE
The structure or structures in which the principal use or uses are conducted.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary or predominant use of any lot or structure.
PRIVATE
Owned, operated or controlled by any person, partnership, corporation, association or entity other than a Federal, State, County or local government agency.
PRIVATE CLUB
Any establishment operated by a private organization for social, recreational, educational, fraternal or sororal purposes which is open only to members and their invited guests and not to the general public.
PRIVATE PARKING AREA
See PARKING AREA, PRIVATE
PRIVATE PARKING GARAGE
See PARKING GARAGE, PRIVATE
PRIVATE RECREATION
See RECREATION, PRIVATE
PUBLIC
Owned, operated or controlled by a government agency, Federal, State County or local.
PUBLIC BUILDING
Any structure owned or operated by a public body or agency, which dispenses general services to the public, including municipal buildings, community centers, libraries, road maintenance garages and similar buildings.
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice, intended to inform and obtain public comment, prior to taking action in accordance with this Ordinance.
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum held pursuant to notice under the act of July 3, 1986 (P.L/ 388, No. 84), known as the "Sunshine Act," as amended.
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two (2) successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than thirty (30) days and the second publication shall not be less than seven (7) days from the date of the hearing.
PUBLIC PARK
A lot or parcel owned by a government agency (Federal, State, County or local) devoted to passive and active recreation.
PUBLIC PARKING AREA
See PARKING AREA, PUBLIC.
PUBLIC PARKING GARAGE
See PARKING GARAGE, PUBLIC.
PUBLIC RECREATION
See RECREATION, PUBLIC
PUBLIC UTILITY
Any company or authority subject to the jurisdiction of and control by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission.
PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
Any administrative, maintenance or service building operated by a public utility or any transmission facility of a public utility which does not meet the definition of an essential service.
RECREATION, COMMERCIAL
An enterprise operated for profit by any individual, agency or corporation other than a public entity, for the indoor or outdoor pursuit of sports, recreation and leisure activities, including, but not limited to, such establishments as miniature golf, golf or batting practice facilities, bowling alleys, health or fitness clubs, martial arts, gymnasiums, ice or roller rinks, playing fields, racquet clubs, swimming pools, stadia and similar facilities.
RECREATION, PRIVATE
An enterprise, the use of which is limited to members and their guests, operated by an individual, association or corporation, other than a public entity, whether or not for profit and whether or not the facilities are advertised to the general public, including either indoor or outdoor facilities for the pursuit of sports, recreation and leisure activities, including, but not limited to, such establishments as country clubs, golf course, sportsmen's clubs, golf practice facilities, playing fields, tennis or racquet clubs, fitness clubs, swimming pools and similar facilities.
RECREATION, PUBLIC
An enterprise operated by a public entity, available to the general public, whether or not an admission fee is charged, including either indoor or outdoor facilities for the pursuit of sports, recreation or leisure activities, including, but not limited to, parks, playgrounds, playing fields, golf courses, golf or batting practice facilities, ice rinks, tennis courts, swimming pools, street hockey, basketball courts and similar facilities.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
A single axle or multiple axle structure mounted on wheels or otherwise capable of being made mobile, either with its own motive power or designed to be mounted on or drawn by an automotive vehicle, for the purpose of travel, camping, vacation and recreational use, including, but not limited to: travel trailers, mobile homes, motor homes, tent trailers, boats, boat trailers, pick-up campers, horse trailers, snow mobiles and all-terrain vehicles.
RESEARCH LABORATORY
Offices used for the investigation and refinement of scientific knowledge, including the engineering and industrial application of such knowledge, but not including the mass production of products thus engineered. Commercial servicing or repair of commercial products is not included nor is external display of any materials or products.
RESTAURANT
An establishment whose principal use is the sale of food and beverages for sale and consumption on the premises and/or take-out and/or delivery and which may or may not include the sale of alcoholic beverages as an accessory use.
RETAIL STORE
An establishment which sells products and/or services directly to consumers, which may include wholesale sales as an accessory use, provided the area devoted to wholesale sales constitutes no more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the gross floor area of the establishment, but not including the manufacturing or processing of any products on the site.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
An area of land reserved or dedicated for public or private purposes to provide access across property of another.
SCHOOL, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE
A school, including a public or private elementary, middle or secondary school and a private nursery school or pre-school having regular sessions, with regularly employed instructors, teaching those subjects that are fundamental and essential in elementary or secondary education under the supervision of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania or a lawfully constituted ecclesiastical governing body, or a corporation meeting the requirements of the Commonwealth.
SCREENING FENCE
A fence constructed so that the surface area is at least eighty percent (80%) opaque to obscure vision from one side of the fence to the other and which may include solid or nearly solid fence members or other opaque screening material inserted through the openings, excluding cyclone fencing with vinyl inserts.
SECURITY ILLUMINATION
A minimum level of illumination necessary for safety of pedestrians and vehicles in parking areas and around the outside of buildings or structures.
SEMI-NUDE
A state of dress in which clothing covers no more than the genitals, pubic region and arcola of the female breast, as well as portions of the body covered by supporting straps or devices.
SEXUAL ENCOUNTER CENTER
A business or commercial enterprise that, as one of its primary business purposes, offers for any form of consideration:
a. 
physical contact in the form of wrestling or tumbling between persons of the opposite sex; or
b. 
activities between male and female persons and/or persons of the same sex when one or more of the persons is in a state of nudity or semi-nude.
SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
An adult arcade, adult bookstore or adult video store, adult cabaret, adult motel, adult motion picture theater, adult theater, escort agency, nude model studio or sexual encounter center, as defined herein.
SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS PERMITTEE and/or LICENSEE
A person in whose name a permit and/or license to operate a sexually oriented business has been issued, as well as the individual listed as an applicant on the application for a permit and/or license.
SIGN
Any surface, fabric, device or structure bearing lettered, pictorial or sculptured matter designed to convey information visually and exposed to public view.
SIGN, SURFACE AREA OF
The smallest rectangle or other regular shape which encompasses all of the letters, symbols and accompanying designs, together with background on which they are displayed, but not including any supporting structures. In computing the area of a double-faced sign, only one (1) side shall be considered. If a sign is comprised of more than two sides, the area of each side shall be considered in calculating sign area.
SINGLE FAMILY DWELLING
See "A" under DWELLING TYPES
SLOPE
The degree of rise or descent of the land surface calculated by dividing the number of feet of vertical rise or descent in elevation by the number of feet or horizontal distance, expressed as a percentage.
SLOPE, STEEP
See STEEP SLOPE
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
See USE BY SPECIAL EXCEPTION.
SPECIFIED ANATOMICAL AREAS
The male genitals and/or the vulva or more intimate parts of the female genitals.
SPECIFIED SEXUAL ACTIVITIES
Any of the following:
a. 
the fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus or female breasts;
b. 
sex acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including intercourse, oral copulation or sodomy;
c. 
masturbation, actual or simulated; or
d. 
excretory functions as part of or in connection with any of the activities set forth in "a" through "c" above.
STEEP SLOPE
Any existing slope that is twenty-five percent (25%) or greater.
STORY
That part of any building, inclusive of basements, comprised between the level of one finished floor and the level of the next higher finished floor, or if there be no higher finished floor, then that part of the building comprised between the level of the highest finished floor and the top of the roof beams.
STREET
A public street, public casement, right-of-way, public highway, public alley, public way or public road accepted or maintained by a Municipality, or open for travel and use by the public, whether or not so accepted or maintained, including the entire area within the right-of-way thereof.
STREET, ARTERIAL
See ARTERIAL STREET
STREET, COLLECTOR
See COLLECTOR STREET
STREET, LOCAL
See LOCAL STREET
STRUCTURAL ALTERATION
Any change in the support members of a building such as bearing walls, columns, beams or girders; changes in the means of ingress and/or egress; enlargement of floor area or height of a structure; or relocation of a structure from one position to another.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
STRUCTURE, ACCESSORY
See ACCESSORY STRUCTURE.
STRUCTURE, HEIGHT OF
See HEIGHT OF STRUCTURE.
SUBDIVISION REGULATIONS
The Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance of the Borough of Rosslyn Farms, Allegheny County.
SUBSTANTIAL ENLARGEMENT OF A SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
The increase in floor areas occupied by the business by more than twenty-five percent (25%), at the time the use is first established.
SURFACE AREA OF SIGN
See SIGN, SURFACE AREA OF
SWIMMING POOL
A container of water used for swimming or bathing purposes, of any depth or size if wholly or partially sunk beneath adjacent ground level. If erected above ground, the same shall be covered under the terms of this Ordinance only if it has at least one (1) dimension greater than fifteen (15) feet, or is more than thirty-six (36) inches in depth. As herein defined the term "Swimming Pool" shall be deemed to be a structure.
TEMPORARY PARKING OR STORAGE OF A RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
The parking of a recreational vehicle for a period not in excess of forty-eight (48) hours, provided that the continuity of a single forty-eight (48) hour period shall not be considered broken or terminated unless said recreational vehicle shall have been removed from the Borough of Rosslyn Farms or otherwise stored in the Borough of Rosslyn Farms in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance for a continuous period of two (2) consecutive weeks.
TEMPORARY USE OR STRUCTURE
Any use or structure which may be a principal use on a lot or accessory to an existing principal use on a lot intended to be used for six (6) consecutive months or less.
TOWNHOUSE
See "E" under DWELLING TYPES
TRAFFIC ANALYSIS
A study prepared by a qualified traffic engineer analyzing the expected trip generation from a proposed development using the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) current standards and the impact of the traffic generated by the proposed development on the capacities and levels of service of all streets and intersections in the vicinity of the site.
TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP OR CONTROL OF A SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
Any of the following:
a. 
the sale, lease or sublease of the business;
b. 
the transfer of securities which constitute a controlling interest in the business, whether by sale, exchange or similar means; or
c. 
the establishment of a trust, gift or other similar legal device which transfers the ownership or control of the business, except for transfer by bequest or other operation of law upon the death of the person possessing the ownership or control.
TWO FAMILY DWELLING
See "B" under DWELLING TYPES
USE
Any activity, business or purpose for which any lot or structure is utilized.
USE BY SPECIAL EXCEPTION
An authorized use which may be granted only by the Zoning Hearing Board in accordance with express standards and criteria specified in this Ordinance after public hearing.
VARIANCE
A departure from the strict letter of this Zoning Ordinance, as it applies to specific properties, as authorized by the Zoning Hearing Board in accordance with the standards specified in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.
VEHICLE RENTAL
The rental of automobiles, motor cycles and trucks under 26,000 pounds GVW, but not including any heavy equipment or any other vehicle or equipment which is not classified as a "motor vehicle" under the PA Motor Vehicle Code.
VEHICLE SALES
The sales and servicing of automobiles, motor cycles and trucks under 26,000 pounds GVW, but not including any heavy equipment or any other vehicle or equipment that is not classified as a "motor vehicle" under the PA Motor Vehicle Code.
VETERINARY CLINIC
An establishment within a completely enclosed building for the medical or surgical treatment of domestic pets, as defined herein, including the overnight boarding of hospitalized animals, not including any outdoor kennels or runs.
WALL
A solid structure, usually masonry, constructed and erected as a barrier between properties or to enclose a portion of property or as a decorative feature in the landscape.
WALL, RETAINING
A solid structure constructed and erected between lands having different elevations, the purpose of which is to support the earth between the upper and lower elevations.
WHOLESALE SALES
A business primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers, institutional, commercial or professional business customers or other wholesalers, rather than to the general public which includes the warehousing of merchandise and which may include distribution of such merchandise on the site of the principal business.
YARD
A required open space located on a lot which is unobstructed in any manner, except as expressly permitted by this Ordinance.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending across the full lot width and abutting the front lot line. The depth measurement required by this Ordinance for the front yard shall be the horizontal distance between the front lot line and a line parallel or concentric thereto known as the building line.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending across the width of the lot between the side yards and adjacent to the rear lot line. The minimum depth measurement required by this Ordinance shall be the horizontal distance between the rear lot line and a line parallel thereto.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending between the front yard line and the rear yard line parallel to the side lot line. The minimum width measurement required by this Ordinance shall be the horizontal distance between the side lot line and a line parallel thereto.
ZONING DISTRICT
Geographic areas within the Borough in which the uses to which land can legally be utilized are designated and for which the boundaries are described in Article III and are shown on the Zoning Map which is part of this Ordinance.
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Zoning Hearing Board appointed by Borough Council whose jurisdiction is specified in Article XV of this Ordinance.
ZONING MAP
The official map delineating the Zoning Districts of the Borough of Rosslyn Farms, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, together with all amendments subsequently adopted.
ZONING OFFICER
The designated official or an authorized representative appointed by Borough Council whose duty it shall be to administer this Ordinance.
ZONING ORDINANCE
The Zoning Ordinance adopted by the Borough of Rosslyn Farms, including all amendments to said Ordinance, now or hereafter enacted.