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Township of Pittsfield, MI
Washtenaw County
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[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Board of Trustees of the Charter Township of Pittsfield as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Adopted 2-25-2015 by Ord. No. 317 as Ch. 4, Art. I, of the 2015 Pittsfield Charter Township Code]
Hunting for a wild animal or wild bird with a firearm or bow and arrow or the discharge of a firearm or bow and arrow is prohibited within the following described area in the Township:
Beginning in the northeast corner of Section 1, T3S, R6E; thence southerly on the east Township line to the intersection with Interstate 94; thence westerly to the intersection of Interstate 94 and the centerline of Ellsworth Road; thence westerly on the centerline of Ellsworth Road to the centerline of Lohr Road; thence northerly on the centerline of Lohr Road to Interstate 94; thence northwesterly to the north Township line in Section 6, T3S, R6E; thence easterly on the north Township line and continuing easterly to the point of beginning.
Excepted from this described area are all lands situated within the corporate limits of the City of Ann Arbor. This section shall not apply to the discharge of firearms at target ranges under permit as may be authorized by the local unit of government, pursuant to Public Act No. 57 of 1995 (MCL 324.41901 et seq.) and Public Act No. 306 of 1969 (MCL 24.201 et seq.).
The prohibition of § 4-1 of this article shall not apply to peace officers or members of any branch of the armed forces in the discharge of their proper duties.
Any person who shall violate the prohibition of this article shall upon conviction be punished in accordance with § 1-12 of the Township Code.
[Adopted 2-25-2015 by Ord. No. 317 as Ch. 4, Art. II, of the 2015 Pittsfield Charter Township Code]
This article is adopted pursuant to the provisions of Public Act No. 359 of 1947 (MCL 42.15 et seq.), as amended.
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
The purpose of this article is to provide for the preservation of public peace and to protect the health, safety and welfare of Township citizens by regulating the control of domestic animals by their owners.
The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
The provision of sufficient food, water, shelter, sanitary conditions and veterinary medical attention in order to maintain an animal in a state of good health.
Any living, vertebrate creature, domestic or wild, not including a human being.
Any police officer, Ordinance Enforcement Officer or a county animal control officer designated by the Township to enforce the provisions of this article.
Any animal shelter where a domestic animal may be impounded. The animal pound may be maintained by the Township, by the humane society or by any third party which operates an animal shelter and which contracts with the Township.
Off the owner's premises and not under the control of the owner or another responsible person.
Any animal in the feline family, of either sex or of any age.
Any animal which, without provocation, attacks or injures a person who is peaceably conducting himself in any place where he lawfully may be. "Dangerous animals" shall also include any animal which, because of its size, vicious propensity or other characteristic, would constitute a danger to human life, property or domestic animals if not restrained or kept in a safe manner.
Any animal in the canine family, of either sex or of any age.
An animal kept as a pet, including, but not limited to, all dogs and cats.
Any person who operates an establishment, other than an animal shelter, where dogs and/or cats are maintained for boarding, training, or similar purposes for a fee or compensation; or who sells, exchanges, or offers for adoption with or without charge, dogs and/or cats which he produced or raised.
Failure to sufficiently or properly care for an animal to the extent that the animal's health is jeopardized.
Any person who has a right or property interest in an animal, who keeps or harbors an animal, who has an animal in his care or possession, who acts as custodian of an animal or who knowingly permits any domestic animal to remain on or about any premises occupied by him.
Any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association or other legal entity, as well as a natural human being.
Any person who operates an establishment, other than an animal shelter, where animals are sold, offered for sale, exchanged or offered for adoption with or without charge. A person who sells, offers to sell, exchanges or offers for adoption only such animals that he has produced or raised shall not be considered a pet shop operator.
Any person employed by the Township or by the state or county and whose duty it is to preserve the peace or to make arrests or to enforce the law.
Any animal which:
Chases pedestrians or passing vehicles;
Attacks other animals;
Is at large three or more times within a year's time;
Damages private property; or
Barks, howls, yelps or runs at large, so as to disrupt the peace of any person or resident who is peaceably conducting himself in any place where he may lawfully be.
An animal shall be deemed under restraint if:
It is under the control of its owner or other responsible person; or
It is securely enclosed, confined or restrained on the premises where it may lawfully be so as to be unable to enter upon the public way or to molest persons lawfully using the public way.
Space free from health hazards, including excessive animal waste, overcrowding of animals or other conditions that endanger the animal's health. This definition does not include a condition resulting from any customary and reasonable practice pursuant to farming or animal husbandry.
Adequate protection from the elements and weather conditions, suitable for the age and species of the animal, and maintains the animal in a state of good health. A shelter may include structures or natural features such as trees and topography.
Freedom from disease and illness and in a condition of proper body weight and temperature for the age and species of the animal, unless the animal is undergoing appropriate treatment.
Potable water that is suitable for the age and species of the animal, made regularly available unless otherwise directed by a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine.
Any animal caught or captured in the wild, the possession of which requires a permit from the state. Any animal domestically raised, for which a permit is required, shall also be classified as a wild animal.
The keeping or housing of pets, including, but not limited to, cats, dogs, household fish, birds, reptiles and other animals, shall only be permitted within the Township as is authorized by this article and the Zoning Ordinance of the Township.
No owner of any dog shall own, harbor, maintain, possess or permit any dog to remain on such owner's premises within the Township unless the owner shall have complied with the laws of the state providing for the licensing and registration of the dog. Every owner of a dog shall be required to provide the dog with a collar to which the license tag issued for that dog shall be affixed. The owner shall be responsible to see that the collar and tag are worn by the dog constantly when it is off the owner's property.
Prohibited acts. It shall be unlawful for any owner to keep, harbor or have charge of any domestic animal, whether licensed or unlicensed, when any one or more of the following facts exist:
The animal has a vicious disposition, shows vicious habits and/or has molested any person or animal lawfully in or upon any public or private street or place;
The domestic animal has attacked or bitten any person who was peaceably conducting himself in any place he may lawfully be or has destroyed any property or other domestic animal;
The domestic animal appears to be suffering from rabies, mange or other infectious or dangerous disease;
The domestic animal, by destruction of property or trespassing upon the property of others, has become a nuisance in the vicinity where kept as witnessed by an animal control officer or any two persons from two separate households in the vicinity where the domestic animal is kept; or
The domestic animal, by loud barking, howling, yelping, whining, meowing or other sound, has become a nuisance in the vicinity where kept, as witnessed by an animal control officer or any two persons from two separate households in the vicinity where the domestic animal is kept.
Running at large. No person shall cause or permit any animal kept by him to run at large within the Township. Animals which are off the owner's property, whether on public or private property, without being under the control of the owner or other responsible person, shall be deemed to be running at large. It shall be unlawful to permit any animal to run at large on the property of another without the permission of the owner of that property.
Animal waste. The owner of every animal shall be responsible for the removal of any fecal matter deposited by his animal on public property, public easements or private property, before leaving the immediate area.
Keeping of wild animals. No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his premises any wild animal such as, but not limited to, bear, deer, snakes, large reptiles or large members of the cat family as a pet or for display or exhibition purposes, unless he has obtained all required permits from the state authorizing such activity and complies with the Zoning Ordinance the Township. This subsection shall not apply to performing animal exhibitions or circuses. An animal control officer shall have the power to release or order the release of any wild animal capable of surviving in the wild and/or surrender the animal to any agency authorized by the state to house wildlife.
Keeping of dangerous animals.
No person shall permit any dangerous animal to be on any private or public property, other than the owner's property, unless such animal is securely muzzled or caged. Adequate safeguards shall be taken to prevent unauthorized access to a dangerous animal on the owner's premises by persons unlawfully on the premises.
Whenever an animal control officer determines upon personal observation or investigation that an animal is a dangerous animal as defined in this chapter, the officer shall notify the owner of the animal in writing of the determination, the reasons for the determination and the requirements of this section regulating the keeping of dangerous animals.
Any dangerous animal running at large and which cannot safely be taken or impounded may be destroyed by an animal control officer; however, in all cases where the animal has seized or bitten any person or animal as to cause a puncture or abrasion of the skin or where the animal is suspected to be rabid, no injury should be done to the head of the animal.
Diseased animals. It shall be unlawful for an owner to permit a domestic animal afflicted with a contagious disease to run at large or to be exposed in any public place whereby the health of any other animal or person may be affected.
Abandoned or unwanted animals. It shall be unlawful to abandon an animal or cause an animal to be abandoned, in any place, without making provisions for the animal's adequate care, unless the premises is temporarily vacated for the protection of human life during a disaster. An animal that is lost by an owner or custodian while traveling, walking, hiking or hunting shall not be regarded as abandoned under this section when the owner or custodian has made a reasonable effort to locate the animal. Unwanted animals shall be offered to an animal shelter. If an unwanted animal is not accepted by an animal shelter, the animal shall be humanely destroyed by a licensed veterinarian.
Order to show cause why animal should not be destroyed. An animal control officer may issue a citation for a violation of this section or a complaint may be filed in the District Court of the county, and the District Court shall issue a summons to the owner of such animal to show cause why the animal should not be killed or otherwise disposed of. Upon hearing, the District Court Judge, upon finding that one or more of the facts as set forth in this section exists, shall order the animal to be killed or otherwise disposed of as ordered by the court. All costs incurred for the disposition of the animal shall be paid by the owner. Such action shall be in addition to any penalty imposed pursuant to § 4-11.
Humane care. No person shall cruelly treat, beat, torment, overload, overwork or otherwise abuse any animal. No owner of an animal shall neglect or fail to provide such animal with adequate care.
Inhumane treatment. No person shall cause any animal to be subjected to cruel or inhumane treatment, including, but not limited to:
The unnecessary separation of a female animal from its offspring before such time as the offspring can survive such separation;
Painting, dyeing, or otherwise coloring any animal as a novelty or for purposes of sale, exchange or adoption;
Promoting, inciting, or conducting animal fights or the intentional killing of animals for wagering or entertainment;
Keeping an animal in any container or other enclosed area without sufficient food, water, light, ventilation and care for an unreasonable length of time so as to cause undue discomfort or suffering;
Except where taken by legal hunting, trapping or fishing methods, the unnecessary killing of any species of animal except rat, mouse, mole, vole or other animal not protected by law; and
The transporting of any living animal on the running board, fenders, hood or other outside part of any vehicle unless suitable harness, cage or enclosure is provided so as to protect such animal from falling or being thrown therefrom.
Violation of this article shall be a municipal civil infraction subject to the penalties established by Chapter 2, Administration, Article V, Municipal Civil Infractions; Civil Fines and Penalties, of this Code, except that violation of § 4-10B(3) shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties established by § 1-12. Each day a violation exists shall be deemed a separate offense. The imposition of any penalty shall not exempt the offender from compliance with the requirements herein.