[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Allouez at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II). Amendments noted where applicable.]
The purpose of this Plumbing Code is to provide minimum regulations, provisions and requirements in the Village of Allouez to ensure safety to persons and property, safe design, and good workmanlike methods of construction in any building constructed, enlarged, altered, repaired, moved or demolished, to regulate the equipment maintenance, condition, use, occupancy and safety of all buildings in the Village of Allouez, and to promote the public health, safety and general welfare.
The Plumbing Code shall apply to new structures, additions, alterations, repairs and modifications to any plumbing systems to residential or commercial properties within the Village of Allouez.
Qualifications. There is hereby created the office of Plumbing Inspector. The person chosen to fill the office of Plumbing Inspector shall be skilled in the designing, planning, installation, superintending and inspection of plumbing and building drainage work and shall be certified by the State of Wisconsin in accordance with Ch. SPS 305, Wis. Adm. Code.
Duties and authority. The Plumbing Inspector shall have control of the supervision and inspection of all plumbing systems with connections to the Village lateral connection point to appliance connection in the building. The Building Inspector shall inspect all house sewer (storm and sanitary) connections from lateral connection point from the Village to the connection inside the house. He must also inspect the connection point from the back side of the curb stop for the water service to the installation inside the building. He shall enforce all laws, ordinances and rules in relation thereto.
It shall be the duty of the Plumbing Inspector to see the construction, reconstruction and alteration of all plumbing systems, including drains, venting and water supplies, for all buildings within the Village of Allouez.
The Village shall conform to all the laws and regulations set forth by the State of Wisconsin and the Department of Safety and Professional Services. All plumbing work must be performed by a State of Wisconsin licensed plumber unless said property owner who occupies the residence would like to perform the plumbing work, in which case he must install the plumbing work to abide by the State Plumbing Code, Chs. SPS 381 to 391, Wis. Adm. Code.
The Plumbing Inspector shall have the right to enter any building during reasonable hours if notification of violations is brought to his attention, if a permit was issued for work being performed, or if he believes the health or wellness of the people in the building is in danger.
Records. The Plumbing Inspector shall take applications and issue permits to qualified applicants. He shall prepare suitable records for the permits issued. He shall keep in his office a proper record of all transactions and submit to the Village Board a monthly and annual report of such transactions.
Inspections shall be made as provided for in the State Plumbing Code and this chapter and shall include:
Inspection of the entire house sewer, and drain from the main sewer or other disposal terminal to the building, including connections at point of discharge, and the water service from curb box into building.
The house drain within the building and branches thereof, under test as prescribed, which inspection shall be made before any part of the drain has been covered.
The soil, waste and vent pipe known as "roughing in," which shall be inspected under test before it is enclosed or covered.
Final inspection of the plumbing installation after fixtures, appurtenances and appliances have been tested and completed and the installation is ready for use. When practical, the final inspection shall be made with the water supply serving the plumbing system turned on for such test purposes.
The Plumbing Inspector shall furnish the owner or the plumber with a certificate of such inspection indicating whether the installation has been approved or disapproved and giving the reasons therefor in writing.
Whenever any work is ready for inspection, the Plumbing Inspector shall be notified by the plumber in charge specifying the location by street number or land description. Unless especially permitted by the Plumbing Inspector, all work, either plumbing, water supply piping, house sewers or drainage, shall be left uncovered until examined and approved by him. The plumber in charge shall make such arrangements as will enable the Inspector to reach all parts of the building readily, and shall have present the proper apparatus and appliances for making the tests, and shall furnish all materials and perform all labor in making such tests as required for proper inspection. When inspection is desired, the request shall be made by phone, in person, or in writing during office hours.
Permit required. No plumbing shall be done in the Village without a permit being first issued therefor by the Plumbing Inspector and the paying of the proper fee. Such permits may be issued only to persons licensed to do plumbing under the laws of Wisconsin, except that any person owning and occupying a single-family residence or constructing a single-family residence for his occupancy may do plumbing therein without license, although such person shall secure a permit and work shall fully conform to all requirements as to workmanship, design and materials, and provided, further, that any person assisting such owner shall be a licensed master plumber. An owner obtaining a permit for work in a new residence shall not be granted a plumbing permit for work in another residence within a period of five years. Any plumbing shall conform to all provisions of the state law and codes and ordinances of the Village.
Application for permit. Any person desiring to do plumbing shall, before beginning active work, file with the Plumbing Inspector, upon an application blank furnished by the Village, a description of the property and the nature of the work to be done. A plan or sketch showing location and manner of installing said work shall be furnished upon request of the Inspector. Plumbing plans and specifications for all buildings or structures requiring approval of the State Department of Safety and Professional Services shall be presented to the Plumbing Inspector before a permit is granted.
Schedule of fees. No permit shall be valid until the appropriate fee has been paid, as outlined in Chapter 225, Fees and Charges. For installation without a permit, double the permit fee shall be paid when the permit is obtained. Payment of any fee under this subsection shall not relieve any person of any penalties that may be imposed for violation of this chapter.
Sealing unused services. No permit for plumbing in a new or relocated building shall be issued until the Plumbing Inspector is satisfied that all unused sewer and water services to the premises are sealed, nor until a sanitary sewer permit and building permit have been issued.
Violators of regulations. No plumbing or sewer permit shall be granted to anyone who has failed to comply with this chapter. No permit shall be issued to any person or to any master plumber against whom an order issued by the Plumbing Inspector is pending. No permit shall be issued to any person who has been in the past found violating or has willfully violated this chapter. Bad faith or unreasonable delay in the performance of any work covered by this chapter or failure to respond promptly to official communications shall be deemed sufficient reason for withholding permits, and the master plumber shall be held responsible for the violations of these regulations by himself or any of this employees.
Expiration of permits. All permits are good for a continuous performance of the work named thereon. A permit will automatically expire when work ceases for a period of 60 days without good and reasonable cause for the same but otherwise will expire on completion of work for which it was issued.
Terminating permit; stopping work. The Plumbing Inspector may cancel the permit on any job for violation of the Plumbing Code or other ordinances and may stop work in any case where installation is not being made in compliance with this chapter.
The Wisconsin State Plumbing Code, adopted by the State Department of Safety and Professional Services, Chapters SPS 381 to 391 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code, and Chapter 145, Wisconsin Statutes, are hereby adopted as part of this chapter. The provisions thereof and of this chapter shall govern all plumbing, private wastewater disposal, and drainage work, and no plumbing, private wastewater disposal, or drainage work shall be done except in accordance with said codes and this chapter.
Terms used in this chapter mean as follows:
- The unwanted reverse flow of liquids, solids or gases.
- BACKWATER VALVE
- A device designed to automatically prevent the reverse flow of wastewater in a drain system. Usually referred to as a palmer valve designed to protect the entire house drain system.
- That portion of a dwelling below the first floor or ground floor with its entire floor below grade.
- CHECK VALVE
- A device designed to automatically prevent the reverse flow of wastewater for a single fixture or drain.
- Master and journeyman plumbers are any persons licensed by the State Department of Safety and Professional Services.
- A. All piping, fixtures, appliances and appurtenances in connection with the water supply and drainage systems within a building and to a point from three feet to five feet outside of the building.
- B. The construction and connection of any drain or waste pipe carrying domestic wastewater from a point within three feet outside of the foundation walls of any building to the service lateral at the curb or other disposal terminal, including private domestic wastewater treatment and disposal systems, and the alteration of any such system, drain or waste pipe, except minor repairs to faucets, valves, pipes and appliances and removing of stoppages.
- C. The water service piping from a point within three feet to five feet outside of the foundation walls of any building to the mains in the street, alley, or other terminal and the connecting of domestic hot water storage tanks, water softeners, and water heaters to the water supply system.
- D. The water pressure system other than municipal systems as provided in Ch. 281, Wis. Stats.
- E. A plumbing and drainage system so designated and vent piping so installed as to keep the air within the system in free circulation and movement and to prevent with a margin of safety unequal air pressures of such force as might blow, siphon or affect trap seals or retard the discharge from plumbing fixtures or permit sewer air to escape.
- SANITARY SEWER SERVICE LATERAL
- That part of the sanitary drainage system extending from the property line to the connection with the main sewer.
Basement floor drains in all new construction shall be protected with a backwater valve or with sanitary sump with pumping equipment in accordance with § SPS 382.30(10), Wis. Adm. Code. Backwater valves, when fully open, shall have a capacity not less than that of the pipes in which installed and shall be located so as to be readily accessible for cleaning.
Basement fixtures except lavatories, sinks and automatic washer drains with standpipes of 30 inches or more above basement floor level shall be protected by an approved type automatic backwater valve. If fixtures excepted from the requirement for an automatic backwater valve are subject to backwater, a backwater valve of the check valve type shall be installed.
The Village shall conduct a routine inspection program to identify buildings and residences that are properly protected and to require those buildings and residences that do not have adequate backwater protection to install said devices.
Size. The water service or building supply pipe to any building shall be of sufficient size to provide an ample flow of water under maximum use to all fixtures and points of service. Size shall be determined by standards set forth by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services, except that no service shall be less than one inch.
Material. The underground water service pipe from the main or a private water supply system to any building, and its joints and connections, shall be of polyethylene piping if a service of one inch or 1 1/2 inches or of such material and design as permitted by §§ SPS 384.30 and 384.40, Wis. Adm. Code.
Valve controls. Service controls shall include a valve shutoff at the main, a curb stop or valve at the curb or privately owned pump, and a valve or stop inside the foundation wall of each building, and where a meter is installed, a valve on both sides of the meter. Service of 1 1/2 inches or over shall have a bypass around the meter. On services of one inch and less there shall be no fittings installed on the supply side of the meter which could be used to bypass such meter.
Relief valves. All equipment for heating and storage of hot water for domestic or commercial purposes, when installed, repaired, replaced, relocated or reconnected, shall be equipped with an emergency protective device to prevent excessive pressure and excessive temperature. The valve shall be a combined temperature and pressure-relief valve of the test lever and extended thermometer type. These relief valves shall be listed by the American Gas Association (AGA) or American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). The minimum size shall be 3/4 inch for both inlet and outlet. The discharge pipe shall be full size of relief valve outlet and shall terminate in an open fixture or not more than 10 inches from the floor as close as possible to a drain properly connected to the building drain or building sewer.
Separate water service. When a water supply system is intended to serve more than one building owned by or intended for sale to different individuals or groups of individuals, the plans for such water supply system or systems shall be submitted to the Plumbing Inspector and Water Utility for approval, and the entire work must conform to these regulations. A separate water meter shall be installed for each residence.
Cross-connections prohibited. No private water system shall be connected directly or indirectly to any private water main or pipe that in turn is connected to any publicly owned water main or pipe.
Changes by Plumbing Inspector. The Plumbing Inspector may direct any necessary changes to be made to bring any water supply work up to prescribed standards. Failure to do so when so directed shall be sufficient cause for action to revoke a master or journeyman plumber's license as provided in § 145.10, Wis. Stats.
No person shall discharge domestic wastewater, industrial wastes or septic tank effluent onto the surface of the ground or into any drainage ditch, river or stream or any storm sewer. Black water and grey water must discharge into approved materials to the sanitary sewer according to Chapter SPS 384, Plumbing Products, of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
No discharge to sanitary sewer. No person shall cause, allow or permit any roof drain, surface drain, subsoil drain, drain from any mechanical device, gutter, ditch, pipe, conduit, sump pump, or any other object or thing used for the purpose of collecting, conducting, transporting, diverting, draining, or discharging clear waters from any part of the premises owned or occupied by said person to discharge, drain or be connected into a sanitary sewer.
Nuisance. The discharge into a sanitary sewer from any roof drain, surface drain, subsoil drain, drain from any mechanical device, gutter, ditch, pipe, conduit, sump pump, or any other object or thing used for the purpose of collecting, conducting, transporting, diverting, draining, or discharging clear water from any part of any premises is hereby declared to be a public nuisance and a hazard to the health, safety, and well-being of the people of the Village and to the protection of property.
Sump pumps. Every building which shall be constructed or erected after October 19, 1981, except unattached garages, storage buildings and buildings resting on frost walls of less than five feet in depth and not requiring perimeter foundation drainage, shall have a sump pump. The discharge pipe shall not be reduced in size from the discharge opening provided by the manufacturer. The discharge pipe from the pump opening to the outside of the building or to the storm sewer lateral, as the case may be, shall be rigidly secured.
Storm sewers. Every building constructed or erected after October 19, 1981, and its premises, shall have a lateral installed and connected from each sump pump and drain to the storm sewer, where and when storm sewer is available. Effective March 1, 1995, every building constructed or erected before October 20, 1981, and its premises, having a basement with perimeter drain tile or a pipe, hose, or other outlet discharging to the surrounding surface, shall have a lateral installed and connected from each sump pump and drain to the storm sewer prior to the sale of such building, where and when storm sewer is available. If water from the sump pump or drain is causing one or more of the following conditions to or of the private property of another, or to or of public property (including streets and rights-of-way), the Director of Public Works may require immediate connection to the storm sewer when and where accessible:
Physical damage (either surface, subsurface or supra surface);
An interference with a lawful use and/or enjoyment by the owner or by the public;
A substantial diminution in value;
A danger to the health, safety or welfare of a lawful user or to the public;
A danger or hazardous condition; or
A significant nuisance.
Other discharges. Where property is not serviced by a storm sewer, all clear waters shall be discharged either into an underground conduit leading to a drainage ditch, gutter or dry well or onto the ground at least one foot from the building and above permanent grade in such a manner as not to create a nuisance.
Prohibitions. No person shall cause, allow or permit drainage of any clear water:
Across any sidewalk or other public area.
On or into any public street or alley from November 1 to March 31, inclusive.
On or into any public street or alley from April 1 to October 31, inclusive, without first obtaining a written permit to do so from the Director of Public Works.
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- CLEAR WATER
- Includes but is not limited to water from roof drains, surface drains, foundation water drains, and cistern overflows, refrigerator cooling waters and water from air-conditioning equipment.
- Every natural person, firm, association, partnership and corporation who and which has any interest in the premises involved, either as owner or tenant.
Penalties. Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction for the first violation thereof, forfeit a sum of not less than $100 nor more than $500 together with the costs of prosecution, for the second violation the sum of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000, together with the costs of prosecution, and for the third violation and each offense thereafter the sum of not less than $500 nor more than $2,000 for each violation, together with the cost of prosecution. A separate offense shall be deemed committed each day during or on which a violation occurs or continues, and a prosecution for violation of this section shall not affect any other rights of the Village or any citizens, in law or in equity, under this section or otherwise.
Exemption for sump pumps. Any other provision of this section notwithstanding, the Village Board may exempt a property from being required to have a sump pump under Subsection C and a connection from a sump pump to a lateral for the storm sewer under Subsection D upon the property owner presenting satisfactory and credible proof of the following:
That a reliable soil testing service has examined and tested the soil condition of the property and has determined and issued a written report that surface and subsurface waters in, on or upon the property are not then causing, or likely to cause in the future, any damage to any improvements then on or planned for the property or to any abutting public property (including streets and rights-of-way), or any danger to the health, safety or welfare of a user of the property or a member of the public; and
That the Building Inspector has examined the property and has furnished a written report of his or her findings and a recommendation regarding the need for a sump pump and connection.
Exemption is not representation. The granting of an exemption under Subsection I does not constitute any representation by the Village that the property exempted does not need a sump pit, a sump pump or a stormwater lateral, and the Village reserves the right to revoke any exemption granted upon 60 days' prior written notice to the property owner.
Indemnity for exemption. By requesting an exemption under Subsection I, the requesting property owner, for himself or herself, and all of his or her successors and assigns, does waive all then present and all future claims for damages against the Village for granting the exemption and not requiring the installation and maintaining of a sump pit, sump pump and/or storm sewer lateral and agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Village from all claims of third parties, including defense costs, arising out of the granting and as a result of said exemption.
In order to protect the health, welfare and safety of the people of the Village and because sanitary sewer service is available to all parcels of land in the Village or such service is planned for, no plumbing permit shall be issued for any building where wastewater disposal by septic tank – soil percolation system is proposed.
When directed by the Village Board or appropriate Village official or upon written and signed complaint of any person to the Village that work covered by this chapter is contrary to the ordinances of the Village or is a menace to health, the Plumbing Inspector shall investigate the cause for complaint on the premises. He shall report his findings in writing to the Village Board or Village Administrator, suggesting such changes and corrections as are necessary to put the same in proper sanitary condition. The Plumbing Inspector may also make such report at his own discretion or upon written and signed complaint made to him. The Village thereupon shall direct such changes and corrections to be made as deemed necessary and fix a time for having the same done.
All rentable properties upon becoming vacant may be inspected by the Plumbing Inspector or other Village official and their sanitary condition determined. If the plumbing or any work covered by this chapter is in an unsanitary condition or a menace to health or safety, the Inspector shall report to the Village Board or Village Administrator and the premises shall be repaired and put in a sanitary condition before a new occupant takes possession.
The plumbing in buildings moved from one lot or location to another shall be inspected by the Plumbing Inspector and when found necessary tested in a manner satisfactory to the Plumbing Inspector at the expense of the owner. If plumbing is found unsafe or unsanitary it shall be repaired or remodeled and made to reasonably comply with this chapter.
All sewer and water laterals or building sewers and water services installed and not immediately used shall be securely sealed so as to be watertight. This shall be done by the use of proper fittings and materials manufactured for that purpose and in a manner approved by the Plumbing Inspector.
Before any building connected to sewer or water mains is razed or moved to another location, a permit shall be obtained by a master plumber from the Plumbing Inspector to disconnect and seal all sewer and water services serving the premises. The plumber shall disconnect such services at the property line or as near thereto as practicable and seal them as specified for new, unused services. Disconnecting and sealing thereof shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector before the work is covered.
All water wells which are temporarily or permanently abandoned shall be sealed by a Wisconsin registered well constructor or pump installer within one year of discontinuance of use after first obtaining a permit from the Village Director of Public Works. The well shall be sealed and report filed with the Village of Allouez and the Private Water Supply Section, Lake Michigan District Office of the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, in compliance with § NR 812.26, Wis. Adm. Code, which is hereby adopted by reference as part of this section.
Grease, oil, and sand traps and interceptors shall be provided when required by appropriate Wisconsin Administrative Codes or when the Village determines they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients and so notifies the discharger. All restaurants and all plumbing installations for occupancies, other than dwelling units, where grease, fats, oils or similar waste products of cooking or food are introduced into the drain system shall comply with § SPS 382.34(5), Wis. Adm. Code, or as amended by installing and maintaining a grease interceptor as approved by the Building Inspector. All interceptors and traps shall be of a type and capacity approved by state and local plumbing codes and shall be located as to be readily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease, oil, and sand traps and interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of substantial construction, watertight, and equipped with easily removable covers.
Where installed, all grease and oil interceptors and sand traps shall be maintained by the discharger, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times. The grease and oil interceptors or sand traps may be inspected by the Building Inspector and a report prepared describing the conditions found on each inspection. The owner shall routinely pump the grease trap to maintain it clean and shall provide the pumping records, including receipts, to the Building Inspector and Director of Public Works quarterly. If not provided by the owner it shall be deemed a violation of this section.
Any person who is the owner of any building or land wherein there is a violation of the provisions of this section shall cause the violation to be corrected within a maximum of five days after being notified in writing by the Building Inspector, whose duty it shall be to enforce this section.
Any costs to clean sanitary sewers of grease, grease removal from lift station wet wells, and use of degreaser in wet wells shall be charged to the premises causing the problem if proper grease interceptors are not installed and properly maintained. Sewer service costs that are not timely paid shall be entered in the tax roll as a special charge against said lot or parcel of land pursuant to the provisions of § 66.0627, Wis. Stats., for collection and settlement under Ch. 74, Wis. Stats.
Any violations of this section may be punished by a fine not to exceed $1,000 and costs per day.