Township of East Fallowfield, PA
Chester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 4-101 Applicability.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § I]
This Part applies to all principal buildings within East Fallowfield Township, Chester County, and each tract, lot, or parcel of land.

§ 4-102 Definitions.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § II]
As used in this Part, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCESSORY BUILDING
A subordinate building, the use of which is customarily incidental to that of the principal building and is used for an accessory use and is located on the same lot.
PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS
Any building or structure erected on a tract, lot, or parcel of land on which any use is carried out, except an accessory building, including a dwelling, place of business, or industry, or any other use requiring a location identity.

§ 4-103 Assignment of Numbers.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § III]
1. 
Street address numbers shall be assigned to each building, tract, lot, or parcel of land, placed on file in the East Fallowfield Township office and assigned to the owners or occupants of such buildings, tract, lot, or parcel of land by the East Fallowfield Township, or by such other person as may be designated by resolution of the Board of Supervisors. Once assigned, all such properties shall be designated for all purposes by the number assigned, and thereafter all persons shall take due notice thereof and comply with the provisions of this Part, when applicable.
2. 
The Township Subdivision Code Administrator (SDCA) or Emergency Management Coordinator (EMC), or such other person as may be designated, shall have the power and duty to correct any errors with respect to assignment of street address numbers, as and when such errors are discovered. The Board of Supervisors shall have the right and power to change a street address number or numbers assigned to any property whenever it may deem such a change necessary and desirable, and require the owner or the occupant thereof to comply with the provisions of this Part with respect to such change.

§ 4-104 Application for Street Address Number.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § IV]
The owner or occupant of each tract, lot, or parcel of land to which no street address number has previously been assigned shall, upon purchase, acquisition, or occupancy thereof or within seven days of discovery that no such number has been assigned, make application to the Township SDCA or his designated agent for assignment of such number, and thereon the Township SDCA shall assign a correct street address number to the property.

§ 4-105 Number of Subdivision Lots.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § V]
1. 
The Township SDCA shall be responsible for assigning proper street address number sequences to each lot which is created as a result of a subdivision or resubdivision, said numbers shall be in proper municipal sequence in relation to the number assigned to other lots fronting on the same street and shall be properly recorded on the subdivision plan and the Township file.
2. 
When the assignment required under Subsection 1 hereof has been completed and signed by the Township SDCA, they shall be appended to the final subdivision plan and thereby incorporated therein by reference. No subdivider shall sell or convey any lot or dwelling unit or other building or structure upon said lot or lease or otherwise permit the use and occupancy thereof without first complying with all of the terms of this chapter.
3. 
The requirements for application for street address number and display thereof shall be a condition precedent to the submission of any applications for a certificate of occupancy.

§ 4-106 Size and Location of Numbers.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § VI; as amended by Ord. 2010-01, 3/23/2010]
1. 
In order to comply with this Part, street address numbers shall be Arabic in design, shall have a minimum height of four inches in height with a minimum stroke width of 1/2 inch and shall be mounted in a secure fashion by one or more of the approved manners. The numbers shall be sufficiently legible as to contrasting background, arrangement, spacing, size, and uniformity of numerals so that the numbers may be read with ease during daylight hours by a person possessing normal vision, if he views the numbers from the center line of the facing street. The numbers shall be so placed that trees, shrubs, and other obstructions do not block the line of sight of the numbers from the center of the street to any appreciable degree. Auxiliary numbers shall be mounted at a height between four feet and 10 feet upon the adjacent grade or exterior landing beneath, but never higher than 15 feet above adjoining grade.
2. 
Approved Manners.
A. 
Occupancies with mailboxes at the end of driveways shall display street numbers on both sides of the mailbox or support post. When mailboxes are placed on the opposite side of the facing street from the occupancy, auxiliary numbers shall be provided in addition to the mailbox numbers. When two or more mailboxes are placed side by side together in a row then numbers shall be placed on the fronts of the mailboxes.
B. 
Occupancies without mailboxes at the end of driveways shall place numbers in the general vicinity of the main entrance or path of travel which leads to the main entrance and shall be visible from the center line of the facing street.
C. 
Those occupancies with no mailboxes which are built down long driveways or occupancies not visible from the street shall have a marker or post of noticeable size placed at the driveway entrance. If more than one occupancy shares the driveway, then each occupancy shall be so numbered.
3. 
Occupancies with shared driveways shall also display auxiliary numbers at or near the main entrance of the structure according to specifications herein.

§ 4-107 Violations and Penalties.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § VII; as amended by Ord. 2010-01, 3/23/2010]
1. 
The absence of street numbers, or the insecure fastening or absence of any numeral thereof, or the use of any street address number not assigned by the Township SDCA, or the failure of a street address number to meet the elevation requirements or the visibility requirements shall be a violation of this Part. Upon discovery of such violation, a notice of violation shall be sent by certified mail to the property or occupant, or shall be posted in a prominent place upon the property by the SDCA or his agent, or shall be personally served on the property owner or occupant or his agent. Such notice shall specify the specific provision of the Part violated and shall require compliance with the provisions of this Part within 15 days from the service or posting of the notice of violation.
2. 
Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a magisterial district judge in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues or each section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.
3. 
Every violator of the provisions of this Part shall be deemed guilty of a separate offense for each and every day such violation shall continue and shall be subject to the penalty imposed by this section for each and every such offense.
4. 
After the issuance by the Township SDCA of a notice of violation of the provisions of this Part and the posting of such notice of violation on the premises, each day such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense subject to a like fine and penalty.

§ 4-108 Enforcement.

[Ord. 1993-13, 12/8/1993, § VIII]
The final authority for determining and assigning the street number or numbers to be used upon any particular property, as well as the enforcement of this Part, shall be in the office of the Township SDCA, his agent or such other person as provided for in § 4-103 of this Part.

§ 4-201 Findings.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 1]
The Board of Supervisors finds that the ability of police, fire, ambulance, and other emergency providers and personnel to communicate with each other within buildings and structures, and to communicate from within structures and buildings to personnel and locations outside the building and structure, is of vital public importance. A breakdown in communications among emergency providers and personnel creates a serious risk of harm to and is a serious threat to the safety and welfare of emergency personnel, the citizens of East Fallowfield Township and the public in general. Therefore, pursuant to the police power, the Board enacts this Part to protect the public health, safety, and welfare.

§ 4-202 Definitions.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 2]
The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this section and as used elsewhere in this Part, have the meanings shown herein.
APCO
Association of Public Safety Communication Officials International.
CCDES
Chester County Department of Emergency Services.
FCC
Federal Communications Commission.
NABER
National Association of Business and Education Radio.
NPSPAC
National Public Safety Pluming Advisory Committee.
PCIA
Personal Communications Industry Association.

§ 4-203 General Provisions.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 3; as amended by Ord. 2013-03, 11/26/2013]
1. 
Except as otherwise provided, no person shall erect, construct, alter, refit, change the use of or provide an addition of more than 20% of the existing floor area to any building or structure or a part thereof or cause the same to be done, which fails to support adequate radio coverage for CCDES, the fire companies serving East Fallowfield Township (Modena and Westwood Fire Companies), and the East Fallowfield Township Police Department. For the purposes of this section, adequate radio coverage shall include all of the following:
A. 
A minimum signal strength-95dBM available in 90% of the area of each floor of the building when transmitted from the closest CCDES radio communications system site.
B. 
A minimum signal strength of -95dBM received at the closest CCDES radio communications site when transmitted from 90% of the area of each floor of the building.
C. 
The frequency range which must be supported shall be between 763 MHz and 861 MHz.
D. 
A 90% reliability factor.
E. 
Signal strength measurements, for the purpose of measuring the performance of a bidirectional amplifier, shall be based on one input signal adequate to obtain a maximum continuous operating output level.
2. 
The provisions of this section shall become applicable upon notification to the property owner that unacceptable levels exist. The property owner shall have 90 days from date of notification to enhance radio coverage and bring it within the acceptable limits of these provisions.

§ 4-204 Amplification Systems Allowed.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 4; as amended by Ord. 2013-03, 11/26/2013]
Buildings and structures which cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with either a radiating cable system or an internal multiple antenna system with or without FCC-type accepted bidirectional 700/800 MHz amplifiers as needed. If any part of the installed system or systems contains an electrically powered component, the system shall be capable of operating on an independent battery and/or generator system for a period of at least 12 hours without external power input. The battery system shall charge in the presence of an external power input.

§ 4-205 Testing Procedures.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 5]
1. 
Acceptance Test Procedure.
A. 
When an in-building radio system is required, and upon completion of installation, it will be the building owner's responsibility to have the radio system tested to ensure that two-way coverage on each floor of the building is a minimum of 90%. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of approximately 20 equal areas. A maximum of two nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test. In the event that three of the areas fail the test, in order to be more statistically accurate, the floor may be divided into 40 equal areas. In such event, a maximum of four nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test. After the 40 area tests, if the system continues to fail, the building owner shall have the system altered to meet the 90% coverage requirement. The test shall be conducted using the most-current portable radio, or its equivalent, available to the East Fallowfield Township Police Department and/or the fire companies serving East Fallowfield Township (Modena and Westwood Fire Companies), talking through the CCDES as specified by the authority having jurisdiction. A spot located approximately in the center of a grid area will be selected for the test, then the radio will be keyed to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the CCDES. Once the spot has been selected, prospecting for a better spot within the grid area will not be permitted.
[Amended by Ord. 2013-03, 11/26/2013]
B. 
The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified each year during the annual tests. In the event that the measurement results became lost, the building owner will be required to rerun the acceptance test to re-establish the gain values.
2. 
Annual Tests. When an in-building radio system is required, the building owner shall test all active components of the system including, but not limited to, amplifiers, power supplies and backup batteries, a minimum of once every 12 months. Amplifiers shall be tested to ensure that the gain is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance. Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load for a period of one hour to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage. If within the one hour test period, in the opinion of the testing technician, the battery exhibits symptoms of failure, the test shall be extended for additional one hour periods until the testing technician confirms the integrity of the battery. All other active components shall be checked to determine that they are operating within the manufacturer's specifications for the intended purposes.
3. 
Five-Year Tests. In addition to the annual test, the building owner shall perform a radio coverage test a minimum of once every five years to ensure that the radio system continues to meet the requirements of the original acceptance test. The procedure set forth above shall apply to such tests. A copy of accepted tests shall be provided to the Chester County Emergency Services Engineering Departments.
4. 
Qualifications of Testing Personnel. All tests shall be conducted, documented and signed by a person in possession of a current FCC technical license or a current technician certification issued by the APCO, NABER, or the PCIA. All test records shall be retained on the inspected, premises by the building owner and a copy submitted to officials of the Fire Companies serving East Fallowfield Township and the East Fallowfield Township Police Department.

§ 4-206 Field Testing.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 6]
Police and fire personnel, after providing reasonable notice to the owner or his representative, shall have the right to enter onto the property to conduct field testing to be certain that the required level of radio coverage is present.

§ 4-207 Exemptions.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 7]
This Part shall not apply to structures in Use Groups R-3 and R-4 of the International Building Code, any building constructed of wood frame, any building 35 feet high or less, as long as none of the aforementioned buildings make use of any metal construction or any underground storage or parking areas. For purposes of this section, parking structures and stairwells are included in the definition of "building" and stair shafts are included in the definition of "all parts of a building" but elevators may be excluded.

§ 4-208 Existing Buildings and Structures.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 8]
Any nonexempt building or structure existing, under construction or for which a building permit application is pending or has been provided as of the effective date of this section, shall comply with the requirements of this section if the CCDES, the Fire Companies serving East Fallowfield Township or East Fallowfield Township Police Department determines that adequate radio coverage as defined in § 4-203, Subsection 1, does not exist in the building or structure. The owner of the building or structure shall be notified, in writing, of the inadequacy of the coverage and shall have a period of 90 consecutive calendar days from the date of the notice to comply with this section including, but not limited to, enhancing radio coverage and bringing it within the acceptable limits of this section.

§ 4-209 Violations and Penalties.

[Ord. 2005-4, 3/23/2005, § 10; as amended by Ord. 2010-01, 3/23/2010]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a magisterial district judge in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $150 nor more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues or each section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.