Township of Honey Brook, PA
Chester County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 196-2018, 9/12/2018]
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the words and phrases listed in this Part shall be construed throughout this Chapter to have the meanings indicated herein. The present tense includes the future; the singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular; the masculine gender includes the feminine and neuter; the word "used" includes the words "designed, arranged, or intended to be used;" the word "person" includes any individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, or organization; the word "occupied" includes the words "designed or intended to be occupied;" the word "may" is permissive; and the word "shall" or "must" is always mandatory. The word "Township" means Honey Brook Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania; the term "Board of Supervisors" or "Board" means the Board of Supervisors of Honey Brook Township unless specifically indicated otherwise; the term "Zoning Hearing Board" means the Zoning Hearing Board of Honey Brook Township; and the term "Planning Commission" means the Planning Commission of Honey Brook Township. The term "this Chapter" means this Honey Brook Township Zoning Ordinance. When terms, phrases or words are not defined, they shall have their ordinarily accepted meanings or such as the context may imply.
[Ord. No. 196-2018, 9/12/2018]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ABANDON or ABANDONMENT
The relinquishment of a use without intention to resume the said use as established under Part 11, Nonconforming Uses and Structures.
ABUT
"Next to" or "adjacent to" and includes the words "directly across from streets, natural features and rights-of-way."
ACCESS(WAY)
A drive, which may be paved, providing vehicular ingress, egress, and/or circulation from a street to a parking lot or other areas across a buffer, sidewalk, or other path.
ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT
A permanent, self-contained single dwelling unit, secondary to the principal dwelling unit on a lot or parcel, for one family. An accessory dwelling unit shall be complete with kitchen and bath facilities, have direct access to the outdoors or to a hall from which there is direct access to the outdoors, and be physically subordinate to the principal single-family dwelling unit which exists on the property. Accessory dwelling units do not include elder cottage housing opportunity (ECHO) dwellings. Accessory dwelling units are divided into the following two categories:
A. 
An accessory dwelling unit contained within a freestanding single-family dwelling other than the principal dwelling on the property.
B. 
An accessory dwelling unit resulting from the conversion of or addition to an existing principal single-family detached dwelling into two units, or the conversion of all or part of an existing accessory structure into a dwelling unit.
ACCESSORY USE, STRUCTURE, OR BUILDING
A use, structure, or building on the same lot with, and of a nature customarily incidental and subordinate to, the principal use, structure, or building.
ACT 247
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code (MPC), Act 247 of 1968, as amended, 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
ADAPTIVE REUSE
The development of a new use for a building originally designed or used for another purpose.
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE
An establishment primarily engaged in management and general administrative functions such as executive, personnel, finance, and sales activities.
ADULT COMMERCIAL USE
Adult commercial uses shall include the following:
A. 
A store or shop where the principal use is devoted to the display and selling of pornographic materials which are pictures, drawings, photographs, films, digital media, or other depictions or printed matter and paraphernalia which, if sold knowingly to an individual under 18 years of age, or otherwise would violate the criminal laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in effect at the time thereof.
B. 
Adult entertainment establishments such as cabarets, nightclubs, movie theaters, bars or similar establishments providing live or media entertainment, characterized by an emphasis on activities or matter depicting, describing, relating to or displaying sexual or erotic activities.
C. 
Any other business, establishment, or club which offers its patrons services, entertainment, or retail goods or commercial services characterized by an emphasis on activities or matter depicting, describing, relating to, or displaying sexual or erotic activities.
AGRICULTURAL LAND, PRIME
Land used for agricultural purposes that contains soils of the first, second, or third class, as defined by the Soil Survey of Chester and Delaware Counties.
A. 
For purposes of this Chapter, agriculture shall include any of the following uses:
(1) 
The raising, harvesting and selling of crops, including grains, vegetables and fruits, and all structures and activities customarily associated with the activity.
(2) 
The outdoor raising of plants, shrubs and trees for transplantation and for sale off the lot where the nursery is located.
(3) 
A structure used for the indoor raising of plants, shrubs, flowers and trees for transplantation and for sale off the lot where the greenhouse is located.
(4) 
The raising and keeping of livestock, poultry, fur-bearing animals, bees, or similar activities, for any commercial purpose, and all structures associated with any of these activities. The keeping of livestock or poultry as farm pets or for domestic purposes pursuant to the regulations of this Chapter shall not be construed as animal husbandry.
B. 
Rendering, defined as the melting of fat from bone or other animal parts, is a use specifically excluded from agriculture.
ALLEY
A minor way, which may or may not be legally dedicated, and is used primarily for vehicular service access to the rear or side of properties otherwise abutting on a street.
ALLUVIAL SOILS
Any soil inventoried or described as alluvial or as a soil with alluvial inclusions for Chester County by the U.S. NRCS Soil Survey.
ALTERATIONS
Include, but are not limited to, the following:
A. 
All incidental changes or replacements in the nonstructural parts of a building or other structure.
B. 
Minor changes or replacements in the structural parts of a building or other structure, such as the following examples:
(1) 
Alteration of interior partitions to improve livability in nonconforming residential buildings, provided that no additional dwelling units are created thereby.
(2) 
Alteration of interior partitions in all other types of buildings or other structures.
(3) 
Making windows or doors in exterior walls.
(4) 
As applied to a building or structure, a change or rearrangement in the load-bearing and non-load-bearing structural members, resulting in the extension of any side or an increase in height.
C. 
The moving of a building or structure from one location or position to another or the conversion of one use to another by virtue of interior change.
ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
The process by which microorganisms in the absence of oxygen convert the energy stored in volatile acids in livestock and poultry manure or other organic materials into biogas which is then burned on-site to produce heat, electricity and water, and has the ancillary benefit of managing livestock manure.
ANIMAL EQUIVALENT UNIT (AEU)
1,000 pounds of live animal weight.
ANIMAL HOSPITAL
A place where animals or pets are given medical or surgical treatment and the boarding of animals is limited to short-term care incidental to the hospital use.
ANIMAL SHELTER
The keeping of more than five dogs or more than 10 cats, or a combination of dogs and cats equaling more than seven animals, which are lost, strays, unwanted, unlicensed or unowned, whether or not the shelter is for the purpose of eventual adoption of the animals or whether the shelter is run as a for-profit or nonprofit operation, but not intended for the breeding of animals.
ANTENNA
Any system of wires, rods, discs, panels, flat panels, dishes, whips, or other similar devices used for the transmission or reception of wireless signals. An antenna may include an omnidirectional antenna (rod), directional antenna (panel), parabolic antenna (disc) or any other wireless antenna. An antenna shall not include tower-based wireless communications facilities defined below.
APARTMENT
See "dwelling unit."
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer who has filed an application for subdivision or land development or for any zoning or building permit that will result in land disturbance, including his heirs, successors and assigns or the equitable owner of property with the owner's permission. Applicants must either be the legal or beneficial owner or owners of land subject to the application, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Every application, whether preliminary or final, required to be filed and approved prior to the start of construction or development, including, but not limited to an application for a building permit, for the approval of a subdivision plat or plan, or for the approval of a development plan.
APPROVING ENTITY
The party granting a zoning approval, to include the Zoning Hearing Board for uses permitted by special exception, the Board of Supervisors for uses permitted by conditional use, or the Zoning Officer for uses permitted by right.
APPURTENANCES
The visible, functional, or ornamental objects accessory to and part of buildings or structures.
AREA PROPOSED FOR TIMBER HARVESTING
Any area of a property proposed for timber harvesting subject to earth disturbance activities including tree harvesting, the construction of skid trails and roads, logging roads, log landing areas and other similar logging or silvicultural practices.
ARTERIAL STREET
See "street."
ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY
Housing consisting of private accommodations, including a bedroom, kitchenette and locking bathroom for persons who require assistance or supervision with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, or both. Assisted living facilities offer skilled nursing if needed. Such facilities are licensed under 55 Pa. Code, Chapter 2800 by the Office of Long-Term Living.
AUTO SERVICE STATION
Any area of land, including structures thereon, or any building or part thereof, that is used for the sale of motor vehicle fuel or accessories, and which may or may not include facilities for lubricating, washing, or otherwise servicing motor vehicles, but which shall not include painting or body and fender repairs, or the storage for sale of new or used motor vehicles.
AUTOMOBILE SALES, SERVICE, AND REPAIR
Buildings and land, the principal use of which is the service, repair or rebuilding of automobiles, recreational vehicles, or light trucks, including as a permissible accessory use the leasing or renting of autos, recreational vehicles, utility trailers, and light trucks.
AVERAGE GROUND SLOPE
A determination made for any lot subject to the steep slope conservation standards of Part 8 of this Chapter, calculated as the maximum vertical change in elevation within a proposed building envelope divided by its respective horizontal distance. The resulting figure, multiplied by 100, yields the average ground slope of the lot.
BANKING OR FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
Any building wherein the primary occupation or use is concerned with such businesses as banking, savings and loan associations, credit unions, loan companies, mortgage companies, or investment companies, without drive-through service. (For banking or financial institutions with drive-through service, see "drive-through service.")
BASE STATION
Any structure or equipment at a fixed location that enables FCC-licensed or authorized communications between user equipment and a communications network. Includes structures other than towers that support or house an antenna, transceiver, or other associated equipment that constitutes part of a "base station" at the time the relevant application is filed with the state or municipal authorities, even if the structure was not built for the sole or primary purpose of providing such support, but does not include structures that do not at that time support or house base station components. The term includes buildings, light poles, utility poles, water towers, etc., as well as DAS systems and small cells.
BASEMENT
Any area of the building having its floor subgrade (below ground level) on all sides. A basement shall constitute a building story if more than 33 1/3% of the perimeter walls have five feet or more of the walls above-grade and if the net area of door and window openings in the exterior walls is at least equal to 10% of the enclosed floor area. See also the definition of "story."
BED-AND-BREAKFAST ESTABLISHMENT
A residential structure occupied by a resident innkeeper for the temporary lodging of guests for compensation and for providing those guests such lodging services as maid service and accessory eating and drinking facilities limited to the serving of breakfast and/or afternoon tea.
BERM
An earthen embankment that serves purposes such as retaining/detaining the flow of surface water runoff, preventing soil erosion, or used to aid in visual screening of incompatible land uses, most often by supporting plant materials.
BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMP)
Activities, facilities, measures, planning or procedures used to minimize accelerated erosion and sedimentation and manage stormwater to protect, maintain, reclaim, and restore the quality of waters and the existing and designated uses of waters within the commonwealth before, during, and after earth disturbance activities.
BILLBOARD
See "off-premises advertising sign" within definition of "sign."
BIOGAS
A fuel consisting of methane, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of water and other compounds produced as part of the anaerobic digestion processes.
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES MAP
The Biological Resources Map is a map included in the 2015 Honey Brook Township and Borough Multi-Municipal Comprehensive Plan indicating the locations of all woodlands classified as Class I, Class II or Class III Woodlands, and also indicating the locations of areas identified as Forest Interior Habitat. Where specific application of the definition of Forest Interior Habitat results in variation from mapping as indicated on the Biological Resources Map, application of said definition shall supersede. The Biological Resources Map is incorporated by reference into this Chapter and is on-file with the Township.
BLOCK
Property bounded on one side by a street and on the other three sides by a street, railroad right-of-way, public park, waterway, Township line or any combination thereof.
BOARDING KENNEL
The use of land, building or structure for the purpose of boarding customary household pets owned by any number of persons other than the owners or operators of the boarding kennel. Boarding of hunting or breeding dogs customarily kept together for extended periods of time shall be excluded from the definition of boarding kennel.
BOARDING/ROOMING HOUSE
A building used for the housing of roomers, boarders, or lodgers including dormitories or buildings of charitable, educational, or philanthropic use.
BUFFER or SCREEN
See "effective visual or natural screen."
BUFFER STRIP
Forestland, usually along a road or waterway, managed to lessen visual or environmental impacts of timber harvesting.
BUILDING
Any structure having a roof and enclosed walls, which is used for shelter, housing, or enclosure of persons, animals or property, affixed to the land, including mobile or manufactured homes.
BUILDING COVERAGE
The ratio of the total ground floor area of all buildings on a lot to the total gross lot area of the lot on which they are located. Total ground floor area shall be measured from the outside face of outside walls.
BUILDING HEIGHT
A building's vertical measurement from the mean level of the ground surrounding the building to:
A. 
The highest point of the roof, in the case of a flat roof.
B. 
The mean height between eaves and ridge, in the case of a pitched roof.
C. 
The highest point on any structure which rises wholly or partly above the roof line, and whose area equals or exceeds 20% of the ground floor area of the building which supports it. However, if a parapet wall is used to screen rooftop structures, and if there is a flat or relatively flat roof, the building height shall be measured from the highest point of the flat roof, excluding the height of the parapet. The building height shall not include chimneys, spires, towers, elevator and other unoccupied utility penthouses, tanks, and similar projections.
BUILDING PERMIT
An approval statement signed by the Zoning Officer authorizing the construction, alteration, reconstruction, restoration, demolition or razing of all or a part of any building, or land preparation in conjunction with same, within the Township. See "zoning permit" and "use and occupancy permit."
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
An established line within a property defining the minimum required distance between any building to be erected and the adjacent right-of-way line of the street on which it fronts, to provide the minimum front yard dimension specified in this Chapter. In the case of an existing interior lot not fronting on a street for its entire width, the building setback line shall be a line parallel to the street right-of-way measured from the front lot line nearest the street, defining the minimum distance in which no building may be constructed.
BUILDING, AGRICULTURAL
A structure utilized to store farm implements, hay, feed, grain or other agricultural or horticultural products or to house poultry, livestock or other farm animals and milk house. The term includes a carriage house owned and used by members of a recognized religious sect for the purpose of housing horses and storing buggies. The term shall not include habitable space or spaces in which agricultural products are processed, treated or packaged and shall not be construed to mean a place of occupancy by the general public.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building in which is conducted, designed to be conducted or intended to be conducted, the primary use of the lot on which it is located.
BULK REGULATIONS
Standards that control the height, density, intensity, building and/or impervious coverage, and location of buildings and structures, i.e., setbacks or yard requirements.
BUS STATION
A principal use on a lot, and associated structures, on which the operator provides mass transit service to the public, to include ticket sales, transfers, short-term parking, and transit vehicle repair, and including accessory uses such as a food stand.
BUSINESS OFFICE
See "office."
CALIPER
The diameter of an unplanted or replacement tree measured at six inches above the ground or, if the diameter measured at six inches above the ground is greater than four inches, then the diameter shall be measured at 12 inches above the ground.
CAMPGROUND (CAMPING PARK)
A parcel of land used by campers where only temporary shelters, such as tents and camping trailers, are in use throughout various seasons of the year.
CAR WASH FACILITY
A building, or portion thereof, where automobiles are commercially cleaned or cleaned by the operator through self-service provisions enabled through coins or tokens.
CARTWAY
The portion of a street or right-of-way, paved or unpaved, customarily used by vehicles in the regular course of travel over the street.
CAVITY TREE
A tree with cavities in which birds, mammals, or insects such as bees may nest (also called den tree).
CELLAR
See "basement."
CEMETERY
A burial place or graveyard, including a mausoleum, crematory, or columbarium, in which human or animal remains are buried. A cemetery may be operated, in accordance with the terms of this Chapter, as a principal use or as a use accessory to agriculture, a church, or a dwelling. The interment or scattering of remains of properly cremated humans is not regulated by this Chapter.
CENTER LINE OF STREET
See "street, center line."
CHANGE OF USE
A change in a building or use of land heretofore existing to a new use which imposes other special provisions of law as outlined in this and other applicable ordinances and regulations.
CHURCH OR SIMILAR PLACE OF WORSHIP
A nonprofit use of land or a building or group of buildings, including customary accessory buildings, designed or intended for public worship by 12 or more persons at a time. Places used for worship by fewer than 12 persons at a time are not regulated by this Chapter. For the purpose of this Chapter, "place of worship" includes churches, chapels, cathedrals, synagogues, temples, mosques, and similar designations as well as convent or monastery, and a maximum of one dwelling unit to house full-time religious leaders and their relatives.
CIVIC SPACES
Public areas of access within a development, including the following:
A. 
Public natural preserve available for unstructured recreation.
B. 
Public space designed for unstructured recreation and community gatherings which is spatially defined at least in part by landscaping and in part by buildings; it includes paths, lawns, and trees.
C. 
Public space designed for unstructured recreation and community gatherings which is spatially defined by buildings and includes paths, lawns, and trees.
D. 
Public space set aside for organized recreation and play; it contains recreational furniture and equipment approved by the Township and/or playing fields.
CLEAR CUT METHOD
A sustainable forest regeneration method of timber harvesting that removes all the trees in a multiacre area in a single cut to mimic the creation of openings in the forest by natural disturbance.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
An area of unobstructed vision at street intersections defined by lines of sight between points at a given distance from the intersection of the street rights-of-way, cartways, or center lines.
CLOSED HORIZONTAL LOOP GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM
Type of geothermal heating and/or cooling system that consists of the following basic elements: underground loops of piping; approved, nontoxic heat transfer fluid; a heat pump; and an air distribution system. An opening is made in the Earth. A series of pipes are installed into the opening and connected to a heat exchange system in the building. The pipes form a closed loop and are filled with a heat transfer fluid. The heat transfer fluid is potable or beneficial reuse water and may have approved nontoxic antifreeze, such as propylene glycol, added. The fluid is circulated through the piping from the opening into the heat exchanger and back. The system functions in the same manner as the open-loop system except there is no pumping of groundwater.
CLOSED VERTICAL LOOP GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM
A type of geothermal heating and/or cooling system that utilizes a pressurized heat exchanger consisting of pipe, a circulating pump, and a water-source heat pump in which the heat transfer fluid is not exposed to the atmosphere. The heat transfer fluid is potable or beneficial reuse water and may have approved nontoxic antifreeze, such as propylene glycol, added.
CLUB or LODGE (FOR FRATERNAL OR SOCIAL PURPOSES)
A building for use by an organization, comprised of members and their guests, intended for meetings, recreation, and administrative purposes not conducted for profit. The definition of club shall include, but not be limited to, service and political organizations, labor unions, and social and athletic clubs.
CO-LOCATION
The mounting of one or more WCFs, including antennae, on an existing tower-based WCF or utility or light pole.
COLLECTOR STREET
See "street."
COMMERCIAL
A use of land, or improvements thereon, for the purpose of engaging in retail, wholesale or service activities for profit.
COMMERCIAL USE OF WATER RESOURCES
See "water resources, commercial use of."
COMMON OPEN SPACE
See "open space, common."
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BUILDING
The building or cabinet in which electronic receiving, relay or transmitting equipment for a wireless communications facility is housed and covering an area on the ground not greater than 200 square feet.
COMMUNITY CENTER
A building used for recreational, social, educational, and cultural activities, open to the public or a designated part of the public, usually owned and operated by the public or nonprofit group or agency.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The official public document of current adoption consisting of maps, charts, and textual matter, that constitutes a policy guide to decisions about the physical, social, and economic development of the Township; the Honey Brook Township and Borough Multi-Municipal Comprehensive Plan, as adopted in 2015 and amended from time to time.
CONCENTRATED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATION (CAFO)
An agricultural enterprise where livestock and/or poultry are kept and raised in confined situations, with either:
A. 
More than 1,000 animal equivalent units (AEUs); or
B. 
301 to 1,000 AEUs which has the potential to discharge to surface waters; or
C. 
Any operation defined as a large CAFO in 40 CFR 122.23.
CONDITIONAL USE
See "use, conditional."
CONDOMINIUM
A form of ownership, as defined in the Pennsylvania Uniform Condominium Act of 1980, as amended, 68 Pa.C.S.A. § 3101 et seq., and not a type of use, which includes an undivided interest in a portion of a parcel, together with a separate interest in space within a structure.
CONSERVATION EASEMENT
A legal agreement between a property owner and an appropriate conservation organization or governmental entity, through which the property owner establishes certain use restrictions over all or portions of the property for conservation purposes.
CONSTRUCTION
The construction, reconstruction, renovation, repair, extension, expansion, alteration, or relocation of a building or structure, including the placement of a mobile home.
CONTINUING CARE DEVELOPMENT
See "life plan community."
CONTRACTING SHOP
A commercial use involving offices and/or supply shops providing services and supplies relating to building, including cement, lumber, heating, masonry, roofing, painting, and similar uses.
CONVENIENCE STORE
A retail use structure and associated facilities providing convenience items and services to the general public, including but not limited to the sale of food, beverages, personal care items, automotive lubricants, and similar items, and automatic teller machine banking facility. Fuel dispensing stations proposed with a convenience store shall be separately regulated. See "Fuel dispensing station."
CONVERSION
An alteration of a building, structure, or land by change of use, theretofore existing, to a new use which imposes other special provisions of a law governing building construction, equipment, exits, or zoning regulations.
CONVERSION, RESIDENTIAL
The dividing of a single-family detached dwelling into two dwelling units with no more than three bedrooms per unit, with the resulting units each having independent kitchen, bath, and sleeping facilities.
CORNER LOT
See "lot, corner."
CREMATORIUM
A use, licensed by the commonwealth, characterized by a building or structure containing a furnace for cremating human remains. Where permitted under the terms of this Chapter, a crematorium may be a principal use or an accessory use associated with the operation of a funeral home.
CROP FARMING
See "agriculture."
CUL-DE-SAC STREET
A local street intersecting another street at one end and terminated at the other end by a permanent vehicular turnaround.
CUTOFF ANGLE
The angle between a horizontal line through the lamp center and the line of sight at which the lamp first becomes visible as viewed from normal viewing angles.
DATA COLLECTION UNIT (DCU)
Any ground-mounted structure that is designed and constructed primarily for the purpose of data collection, including self-supporting lattice towers, guyed towers, or monopole towers. The term includes structures used to wirelessly read utility meters and for other remote monitoring purposes. For the purposes of this Chapter, the term includes facilities that are not solely under the jurisdiction of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, except where permitted by law. The term includes the structure and any supporting structures thereto.
DAY-CARE FACILITY
A facility providing supervision of minors or special needs adults by individuals other than family members for which a fee may or may not be charged. A day-care facility shall not provide overnight accommodations. A day-care facility shall not be a school as defined by this Chapter, except as noted herein.
A. 
A use providing supervised care and assistance primarily to persons who are intellectually disabled, elderly, and/or physically challenged who need such daily assistance because of their limited physical abilities, dementia, or intelectual disability. This use shall not include persons who need oversight because of behavior that is criminal or violent.
B. 
A use involving the supervised care of children under age 16 outside of the children's own home primarily for periods of less than 18 hours during the average day. This use may also include educational programs that are supplementary to state-required education, including a nursery school. Such use shall comply with all applicable federal and state laws. The care of children by their own relatives is permitted without regulation by this Chapter.
C. 
A type of day-care use that provides care for six or fewer children at one time, in addition to children who are relatives of the caregiver, when permitted as a limited impact home occupation.
D. 
A type of day-care use that provides care for seven or more persons at any one time, in addition to persons who are relatives of the primary operator; such use or facility shall constitute the principal use of the property.
E. 
A type of day-care use where the provision of day-care service is incidental and secondary to the principal use of a lot (e.g., a church nursery or employee day-care facility).
DEAD ANIMAL COMPOSTING FACILITY
Commercially operated, domestic animal mortality operation licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture which enables the proper management and disposal of dead farm animals.
DEMOLITION
The razing or destruction, whether entirely or in significant part, of a building, structure, site, or object. Demolition includes the removal of any building, structure, or object from its site, or the removal or destruction of the facade or surface.
DEN TREE
See "cavity tree."
DENSITY
The lot area as defined by this Chapter divided by the total number of dwellings to be housed thereon, expressed in dwelling units (DU) per acre. Except as otherwise specifically provided herein, net lot area shall be utilized for all density calculations.
DETACHED
Used to describe a freestanding structure which has yards on all sides.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner, or tenant with permission of such landowner, who makes or causes to be made the improvements associated with a subdivision or land development. The developer may also be the subdivider as defined in the Honey Brook Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[1]
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate including, but not limited to, the construction, reconstruction, renovation, repair, expansion, or alteration of buildings or other structures; the placement of mobile homes; streets and other paving, utilities; filling, grading, and excavation; mining, dredging; drilling operations; storage of equipment or materials; and the subdivision of land.
DIAMETER AT BREAST HEIGHT (DBH)
The diameter of an existing, mature tree trunk, measured at 4.5 feet above ground level.
DIAMETER LIMIT CUTTING
The harvest of all saleable trees above a certain diameter.
DISCONTINUANCE
The cessation of the use of property evident from the continuous lack of maintenance or occupancy.
DISPENSARY
A person, including a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust or other entity, or any combination thereof, which holds a permit issued by the PA Department of Health to dispense medical marijuana pursuant to the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act, 35 P.S. § 10231.101 et seq.
DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA SYSTEMS (DAS)
Network of spatially separated antenna sites connected to a common source that provides wireless service within a geographic area or structure.
DISTRICT
A portion of the territory of Honey Brook Township within which certain uniform regulations and requirements of the various combinations thereof apply under the provisions of this Chapter.
DRAINAGE
The movement of water from an area by stream or sheet flow, and removal of excess water from soil by downward flow.
DRIPLINE
The area defined by the outermost circumference of a tree canopy where water drips from and onto the ground.
DRIVE-THROUGH SERVICE
A restaurant, bank, drug store or other use that provides service to customers who remain seated in automobiles where customers are served either through an exterior window in the establishment, or directly to parked automobiles on the premises.
DRIVEWAY
A privately owned, constructed and maintained vehicular access from a street or access drive to only one or two dwelling units or commercial, institutional, agricultural, or industrial principal uses.
DUPLEX
See "dwelling unit."
DWELLING UNIT
A single habitable living unit occupied by only one family, as defined in this Part. Each dwelling unit shall have its own toilet, bath or shower, sink, sleeping area, stove, oven, and refrigerator, and separate access to the outside or to a common hallway or balcony that connects to outside access at ground level. No dwelling unit shall include: (i) a separate living area that is completely separated by interior walls so as to prevent interior access from the remainder of the living area, or (ii) a second kitchen, unless specifically permitted by this Chapter.
A. 
One dwelling unit occupied by one family and which has yards on all sides, is not attached to any other principal building and which is located on one lot.
(1) 
The term "single-family detached dwelling" shall be deemed to include a "sectional or modular home" which is designed for transportation after fabrication in one or more units and constructed so that it must be assembled on a permanent perimeter foundation and which complies with the Township Building Code [Chapter 5, Part 1].
(2) 
(a) 
A type of single-family detached dwelling intended for permanent occupancy and contained in one unit or in two units designed to be joined into one integral unit, which is transportable and capable of again being separated for repeated towing, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations and is constructed so as to be used without a conventional perimeter foundation. The terms "mobile home" and "manufactured home" have the same meaning.
(b) 
As opposed to a "sectional home," a "mobile/manufactured home" does not rest on a permanent perimeter foundation and under federal law is not required to meet the Township Building Code [Chapter 5, Part 1].
(3) 
A group home, as defined by this Chapter, shall be deemed a single-family detached dwelling.
B. 
A building designed for and occupied exclusively as a residence, containing two dwelling units. A two-family dwelling may be either a duplex with two principal dwellings on separate floors occupying a common yard or may be a twin with two dwellings separated by a vertical common or party wall, with each individual dwelling having yards on all but the party wall side.
C. 
A residential building containing three or more dwelling units, including but not limited to four-family dwelling (fourplex/quadraplex), townhouse (single-family attached), and apartment buildings:
(1) 
A building containing four dwelling units, each of which has independent outside access, two nonparallel walls in common with adjacent dwelling units, and open space on two nonparallel sides.
(2) 
A single-family attached dwelling unit with one dwelling unit from ground to roof, two points of independent outside access, at least two other dwellings built in conjunction herewith and any portion of one or two unpierced vertical fire-resistant party walls common with an adjoining dwelling, and having yards on at least two sides. Townhouses may be attached back-to-back or side-by-side.
(3) 
A building or group of buildings all of which are owned by the same individual or entity, on a lot with four or more dwelling units used specifically for residential purposes and originally constructed as such.
DWELLING, ACCESSORY
See "accessory dwelling unit."
EARTH DISTURBANCE ACTIVITY
Any construction or other human activity which disturbs the surface of the land, including land clearing and grubbing, grading, excavations, embankments, land development, agricultural plowing and tilling, operation of animal heavy use areas, timber harvesting activities, road maintenance activities, oil and gas activities, well drilling, mineral extraction, and the moving, depositing, stockpiling, or storing of soil, rock, or earth materials.
EASEMENT
A permanent right-of-way granted for limited use of private land, for a private, public or quasipublic purpose (e.g., utility, drainage, public access, conservation). The owner of the property shall have the right to make any other use of the land which is not inconsistent with the rights of the grantee.
EASEMENT, CONSERVATION
See "conservation easement."
ECOSYSTEM
A natural unit comprising living organisms and their interactions with their environment, including the circulation, transformation, and accumulation of energy and matter.
EDUCATIONAL USE
Use of land or building(s) for the establishment and maintenance of a public or private college, commercial or nonprofit, secondary or elementary school, or other educational institution for the primary purpose of instruction and learning. A public or private nonprofit school shall be defined as an educational use that is not conducted as a gainful business. A commercial school shall be defined as an education use conducted for-profit as a gainful business.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF ORDINANCE
The date upon which this Chapter officially comes into effect, except that with respect to the subject matter of any amendment, said date shall mean the date upon which the particular amendment became or becomes effective.
EFFECTIVE VISUAL OR NATURAL SCREEN
A wall, fence, plantings, earth works, or combinations thereof, which are arranged or placed so as to divert attention from or obstruct at least 50% of an otherwise clear view of a use or activity during all seasons of the year, as outlined by this Chapter. See also "planting screen."
ELDER COTTAGE HOUSING OPPORTUNITY (ECHO) DWELLING
A temporary dwelling unit placed on a property, and accessory to an existing single-family residential dwelling, for temporary occupancy by an elderly, handicapped, or disabled individual (or caregiver to same) related to the occupants of the principal dwelling by blood, marriage, or adoption.
ELECTRIC SUBSTATION
Buildings or structures and equipment erected and used for the purposes of transmission, switching or transforming of electrical current between customers and the utility company facilities, not including the storage of materials, trucks, repair facilities or housing of repair crews.
EMERGENCY SERVICES STATION
A building for the housing of emergency medical, fire or police equipment and for related activities. A membership club may be included. This may include housing for emergency personnel while on call.
EMPLOYEES
The highest number of persons (including both part-time and full-time, both compensated and volunteer, and both employees, independent contractors and persons who are partners) present on a lot at any one time, other than clearly temporary and occasional persons working on physical improvements to the site.
ENGINEER, TOWNSHIP
A professional engineer, licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and duly designated by Honey Brook Township, Chester County, to perform the duties of engineer.
ENLARGEMENT or EXPANSION
An addition to the floor area of an existing building, an increase in the size of a structure or an increase in that portion of a tract or lot occupied by an existing use.
EQUESTRIAN CENTER
A commercial facility for the training of horses and riders, as well as the care, exercising, boarding, and riding of horses.
EQUESTRIAN EVENT
An event connected with the operation of an equestrian center, that may include activities such as private parties organized for groups coming to the equestrian center; small judged competitions and schooling shows; and may include the sales of materials on consignment. This does not include large scale events such as polo games or tournaments, rodeos, or events in excess of that permitted by this Chapter.
ERECTION or CONSTRUCTION
Any or all work necessary for the erection or construction of any building or structure from a combination of materials which are intended to form stable structures.
EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL (E&S) PERMIT
An E&S permit required by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) for earth disturbance activities, including a timber harvesting operation that involves 25 acres or more of earth disturbance activity. PADEP may delegate responsibility for issuance of an erosion and sediment control permit to the Chester County Conservation District.
EROSION AND SEDIMENTATION CONTROL (E&S) PLAN
A site specific plan consisting of both drawings and a narrative that identifies best management practices (BMPs) to minimize accelerated erosion and sedimentation before, during and after earth disturbance activities. [Such plan is required by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) for timber harvesting operations which propose to disturb more than 5,000 square feet. PADEP may delegate responsibility for review and approval of an erosion and sediment control plan to the Chester County Conservation District.]
ESSENTIAL UTILITIES
Includes sewerage, water, gas and electric lines, and related appurtenances used to serve development within the Township, but not including cross-country transmission lines or other utilities not required to serve the Township.
EV
EV, or exceptional value, referring to a special protection waters designation issued by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection for a watercourse or portion thereof.
A. 
A single person occupying a dwelling unit.
B. 
Two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption occupying a dwelling unit, including not more than one boarder, roomer, or lodger.
C. 
A group home providing nontransient lodging for unrelated persons with special needs requiring special care, functioning as a single household unit and providing habilitative services in accordance with Chapter 5310, "Community Residential Services for the Mentally Ill," of the Pennsylvania Code, Title 55, or any other state and federal program pertaining to the housing for developmentally disabled individuals as regulated by the Federal Fair Housing Amendments Act.
D. 
Not more than four unrelated persons occupying a dwelling unit, living together as a single household unit, excluding a rooming or boarding house, fraternity house, dormitory, or transitional housing.
FARM BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
Any building or structure used for agriculture, including the storing of agricultural equipment or farm produce or products, the housing of livestock or poultry, or the processing of dairy products. The term "farm building or structure" shall not include a dwelling, but shall include a barn, silo, accessory building or structure, or any customary farm accessory structure.
FARM LABORER
Any person employed by the owner of a tract containing 20 acres of gross lot area or larger, as farm help, and who may reside thereon.
FCC
Federal Communications Commission.
FELLING
The act of cutting a standing tree so that it falls to the ground.
FENCE or WALL
Any freestanding and uninhabited structure consisting of wood, glass, metal, plastic, wire, wire mesh, masonry, or vegetation, singly or in combination with other materials, two feet or higher, erected to secure or divide a property from another, or part of a property from the remaining part, to ensure privacy, to protect the property so defined, and/or to enclose all or part of the property.
FILL
Material, exclusive of structures, placed or deposited so as to form an embankment or raise the surface elevation of the land.
FLAG POLE
A flagstaff designed and solely intended for the patriotic display of the flag of the United States of America, or its armed forces, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania or any political subdivision thereof, or the flag of a group or organization, or combination thereof, and for no other purpose. A flag pole shall not include a standard antenna, a standard antenna support structure, a commercial communications antenna support structure, tower, antenna, or any other structure designed, intended, or capable of supporting any other use or purpose.
FLOODPLAIN
The area identified as the "Identified Floodplain Area" in Chapter 8 of this Code.
FLOOR AREA
The sum of the area of the several floors of a building or buildings measured from the face of the exterior walls or from center lines of walls separating two buildings. In particular, floor area includes, but is not limited to, the following:
A. 
Basement space, if it meets the requirement of a building story.
B. 
Elevator shafts, stairwells, and attic space (but only where a floor has been laid) providing structural headroom of six feet or more.
C. 
Roofed terraces, exterior balconies, breezeways, or porches, provided that over 50% of the perimeter of these is enclosed.
D. 
Any other floor space used for dwelling purposes, no matter where located within the building.
FOOTCANDLE
A unit of light intensity stated in lumens per square foot and measurable with an illuminant meter, aka light meter.
FOREST
Any area defined as "woodland" herein or depicted as woodland on the Biological Resources Map of the 2015 Honey Brook Township and Borough Multi-Municipal Comprehensive Plan.
FOREST BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICE
Universally accepted activities that have positive effects or minimize negative effects on the forest ecosystem. (See Best Management Practices for Pennsylvania Forests, Penn State College of Agriculture.)
FOREST CANOPY
The extent of the uppermost leaf cover formed within any woodland or forest by the crowns of trees.
FOREST CANOPY TREES
The individual trees which collectively form the forest canopy.
FOREST INTERIOR HABITAT (FIH)
That portion of a forest or woodland which lies beyond most of the influences which degrade a forest from the outside influences such as light, wind, noise, and non-native species. Forest interior habitat provides the best habitat for certain rare and sensitive species and can be referred to as the "deep woods" or the "heart of the forest." Forest interior habitat is defined as any area within a thirty-five-acre or larger woodland which is also located more than 300 feet from the outermost dripline of all trees along the edge of the subject woodland area.
FOREST RENEWAL
The growth of a new forest, which includes not only the trees but also the other beneficial woody and herbaceous vegetation that contributes to the overall integrity, diversity, and health of the entire forest community and its interdependent ecological functions.
FOREST STEWARDSHIP ACTIVITIES PLAN
A plan submitted in conformance with the provisions set forth in § 27-1029 of this Chapter which states a landowner's goals for his or her woodland, documents the forest's present condition, lists recommendations, and describes the desired forest condition, or how the forest should look in the future. It should also consider the types and sizes of trees, wildlife habitat, transportation layout, recreational opportunities, and financial returns. (For more information, see Forest Stewardship, Planning Your Forest's Future, Penn State Cooperative Extension, College of Agricultural Sciences, 2013.)
FORESTRY
The management of forests or woodlands when practiced in accordance with accepted silvicultural practices, through developing, cultivating, harvesting, transporting and selling trees for commercial purposes, which does not involve any land development, and which maintains the health and sustainability of forested land. Forestry shall include timber harvesting. A woodland disturbance resulting in the conversion of land for the growing of crops or raising of livestock shall not be considered forestry but meets the definition of timber harvesting.
FRONT YARD
See "yard, front."
FRONT YARD LINE
See "yard line."
FRONTAGE
The length of a front lot line coinciding with a street line.
FUEL DISPENSING STATION
A portion of a building site dedicated to the retail sale of motor vehicle fuel as part of a convenience store, or as part of a supermarket or shopping center use, with sufficient land area for adequate vehicular circulation and the delivery of bulk fuels by heavy trucks.
FULL CUTOFF
Attribute of a lighting fixture from which no light is emitted at or above a horizontal plane drawn through the bottom of the fixture and no more than 10% of the lamp's intensity is emitted at or above an angle 10° below that horizontal plane, at all lateral angles around the fixture.
FULLY SHIELDED
Attribute of a lighting fixture provided with internal and/or external shields and louvers to prevent brightness from lamps, reflectors, refractors and lenses from causing glare at normal viewing angles.
FUNERAL HOME
An establishment approved by the Pennsylvania Board of Funeral Directors wherein a licensed funeral director conducts the professional practice of funeral directing, including the preparation, care, viewing, and funeral services for deceased humans. A funeral home shall not include a cemetery, columbarium, mausoleum, or entombment.
GAME PRESERVE
A use of a lot for the maintenance of fish and/or game for the purpose of regulated fishing or hunting. Game preserves may have accessory buildings or structures for the purpose of storing equipment, parking, and/or maintaining game stock. A building designed or used for human habitation shall meet the requirements of a single-family detached dwelling and be subject to the regulations thereof.
GARAGE OR YARD SALE
The accessory use for the temporary display and sale of common household goods and craft items on a residentially used property.
GARAGE, PARKING
A building or portion thereof which is available to the general public, designed or used for the storage of motor vehicles, but which is not used for the repair or maintenance of motor vehicles.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
An accessory structure or part of a principal building used for the storage of motor vehicles owned and used by the owner or tenant of the premises, and for the storage of not more than two motor vehicles owned and used by persons other than the owner or tenant of the premises.
GARBAGE
Solid waste resulting from animal, grain, fruit, or vegetable matter used or intended for use as food.
GASOLINE STATION, NONRETAIL/MEMBERSHIP-ONLY
An unattended facility established to dispense gasoline and related fuels for motor vehicles, accessible only to card-holding members or subscribers. Such a facility shall not include such accessory uses as vehicle repair or leasing or the sale of parts and accessories, groceries, or general merchandise.
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM
An energy generating system that uses the Earth's thermal properties, in conjunction with electricity, to provide for the heating and cooling of buildings.
GLARE
A sensation of brightness within the visual field which causes annoyance, discomfort, or loss in visual performance, visibility, and/or the ability to focus the eye, so as to jeopardize health, safety, or welfare.
GOLF COURSE
Either a publicly or privately owned and operated, unlighted, course which shall have a minimum of nine holes of golf. Neither a commercial driving range nor a commercial miniature golf area shall be considered a golf course for purposes of this Chapter.
GRADE
The elevation of finished ground or paving which adjoins a building or structure.
GREENHOUSE
See "greenhouse" within the definition of "agriculture."
GROCERY STORE
A retail use whose merchandise sales of consumable fresh foods, prepared foods, and dry food ingredients total 80% or more of the store's total gross annual sales.
GROSS LEASABLE AREA (GLA)
That floor area within a building, on all floors of such building which are used for or related to a business establishment or a use conducted within the building, including all private lavatories, corridors, storage areas and other areas used to keep stock and inventory, but excluding the following public or common areas: elevator shafts, stairwells, first floor lobby, public lobbies, common mall areas, public lavatories, storage area in the basement, and an room or area dedicated to the heating plant, air conditioning equipment or other utility areas necessary for the operation of the building.
GROUNDWATER RECHARGE
The replenishment of water, contained in interconnected pores located below the water table in an aquifer, from the infiltration of precipitation, streams, lakes, or other water sources.
GROUP HOME
A dwelling unit occupied by a maximum of five unrelated individuals, suffering a medically recognized mental or physical impairment or disability not currently requiring hospitalization, residing together as a single housekeeping unit and using cooking facilities and certain household rooms in common as though they were a family unit.
A. 
The term "group home" shall not include any use meeting the definition of a "treatment center" or "personal care home."
B. 
The term "group home" shall not involve the housing or treatment of persons who could reasonably be considered a threat to the physical safety of others.
C. 
A group home shall be subject to the regulations applicable to a single-family detached dwelling in the zoning district in which it is located.
GROUP SELECTION METHOD
A method of regenerating an uneven-aged stand that removes trees in a number of 0.1- to one-acre areas to create openings in the forest canopy. The larger the opening, the more likely that regeneration of sun-loving (shade intolerant) species will develop and persist in the openings.
GROWER/PROCESSOR
A person, including a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust, or other entity, or any combination thereof, which holds a permit from the Pennsylvania Department of Health pursuant to the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act, 35 P.S. § 10231.101 et seq. to grow and process medical marijuana.
HABITABLE SPACE
A space in a building designed for living, sleeping, eating, and/or cooking.
HAUL ROAD
A road designed for use by trucks to transport harvested timber from the log landing to a public road.
HAZARDOUS WASTE
Garbage, refuse, or sludge from an industrial or other waste water treatment plant; sludge from a water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility; and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from municipal, commercial, industrial, institutional, mining, or agricultural operations, and from community activities, or a combination of the above, which, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics, may do one of the following:
A. 
Cause or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or increase in morbidity in either an individual or the total population.
B. 
Pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
HEARING OFFICER
A member of the Zoning Hearing Board who has been appointed by the Board to conduct a hearing.
HELIPAD or HELIPORT
An area used for the takeoff and landing of helicopters, together with any related support facilities such as for maintenance, refueling, and storage. This Chapter is not intended to regulate the nonroutine emergency landing and takeoff of aircraft to pick up seriously injured or ill persons or the use of helicopters in occasional on-site construction projects.
HERBACEOUS
Pertaining to nonwoody vegetation, such as grasses and wildflowers.
HIGH-GRADING
The harvesting of only those trees that will give the highest immediate economic return. Because slower-growing and poor-quality trees are retained, high-grading diminishes the diversity and economic value of the future woodland or forest. See "diameter-limit cutting" or "selective cutting."
HISTORIC STRUCTURE
Any structure that is:
A. 
Listed individually in the National Register of Historic Places (a listing maintained by the Department of Interior) or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as meeting the requirements for individual listing on the National Register.
B. 
Certified or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined by the Secretary to qualify as a registered historic district.
C. 
Individually listed on a state inventory of historic places in states with historic preservation programs which have been approved by the Secretary of the Interior.
D. 
Individually listed on a local inventory of historic places in communities with historic preservation programs that have been certified either:
(1) 
By an approved state program as determined by the Secretary of the Interior.
(2) 
Directly by the Secretary of the Interior in states without approved programs.
(3) 
By the appropriate local authority, Board of Supervisors, or other local advisory authority.
HOME OCCUPATION
An activity conducted for profit by persons residing on the premises that is clearly secondary to the existing residential or agricultural use of the property. Home occupations are further divided into the following three types for the purposes of regulation herein:
A. 
A business or commercial activity administered or conducted as an accessory use which is located within and clearly secondary to the use as a residential dwelling and which involves no:
(1) 
Customer, client or patient traffic, whether vehicular or pedestrian.
(2) 
Pickup, delivery, or removal functions to or from the premises in excess of those normally associated with residential use.
B. 
Any home occupation that is not a no-impact home occupation, as meets the requirements of § 27-1033 of this Chapter.
C. 
An occupation carried on by a property owner and his/her immediate family that is accessory and secondary to the principal residential and/or agricultural use and that meets the requirements of § 27-1033 of this Chapter.
HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION
A nonprofit organization comprised of homeowners or property owners, planned and operated under negotiated and approved rules and regulations, for the purpose of administering the needs of residents through the maintenance of community-owner property. This term is synonymous with property owners' association.
HONEY BROOK COMMUNITY
The combined area of Honey Brook Borough and Honey Brook Township as described in the 2015 Honey Brook Township and Borough Multi-municipal Comprehensive Plan.
HORTICULTURE
The cultivation of fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants; a form of agriculture. See "agriculture, nursery."
HOTEL, MOTEL, INN
A building or group of two or more buildings located on a lot held in single and separate ownership, designed, intended, and used principally for providing sleeping accommodations to the transient public in rooms or suites which may include a kitchen facility, and which are provided with a daily maid service. The following ancillary facilities may be provided as an integral part of a hotel, motel, or inn; provided, however, that no gambling or electronic gambling devices shall be permitted: restaurant, meeting rooms, banquet facilities, and shops for the sale of books, papers, magazines, clothing and sundries to guests; recreation facilities for use only by registered guests, such as a swimming pool, exercise area or room; and similar ancillary facilities commonly accessory to a hotel, motel, or inn.
HQ
HQ, or high quality, referring to special protection waters designation issued by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, for a watercourse or portion thereof.
HYDRIC SOILS
Any soil inventoried or described as hydric or as a soil with hydric inclusions for Chester County by the U.S. NRCS Soil Survey.
IDENTIFIED FLOODPLAIN AREA
The floodplain area specifically identified in this Chapter as being inundated by the one-percent chance annual flood.
IESNA
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.
ILLUMINANCE
The quantity of light measured in footcandles or lux.
IMPACTED RIPARIAN BUFFER
A riparian buffer that does not consist predominantly of native trees, shrubs and/or herbaceous plants.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface that has been compacted or covered with a layer of material so that it prevents or is resistant to infiltration of water, including, but not limited to, structures such as roofs, buildings, storage sheds; other solid, paved or concrete areas such as streets, driveways, sidewalks, parking lots, patios, tennis or other paved courts; or athletic playfields comprised of synthetic turf materials.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE RATIO
The impervious surface ratio is a measure of the intensity of use of a piece of land. It is measured by dividing the total area of all impervious surfaces within the site by the gross lot area.
IMPROVEMENT
An appurtenance developed by human design including, but not limited to, buildings, structures, objects, landscape features, and manufactured units, including by way of example mobile homes, boats, docks, carports, storage buildings, utilities, and driveways.
INDEPENDENT DWELLING UNIT, INDEPENDENT LIVING APARTMENT UNIT
A dwelling unit, developed as an integral component of a life plan community designed for occupants who do not need skilled, nursing, or assisted care.
INDUSTRIAL USE
See "use, industrial."
INN
See "hotel."
INVASIVE VEGETATION, NONNATIVE
Any nonnative plant species which aggressively displaces native plants. Also called "exotics" and "aliens," these species reproduce prolifically, grow rapidly, and out-compete native plants for light, space, and nutrients, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Invasive vegetation includes, but is not limited to, the plant species listed in Appendix "A", List of Alien, Invasive Trees, Shrubs, and Vines, of this Code.
ITE
The Institute of Transportation Engineers, founded in 1930, is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs. ITE facilitates the application of technology and scientific principles to research, planning, functional design, implementation, operation, policy development and management for any mode of transportation. See www.ite.org for more information.
JUNK
As defined in Chapter 10, Part 1 of this Code.
JUNKYARD
As defined in Chapter 10, Part 1 of this Code.
KENNEL
The use of land, building or structure for the purpose of breeding, training, or grooming customary household pets for compensation, or the maintenance of more than five dogs that are more than six months old. For regulatory purposes, "kennel" shall also include nonprofit animal shelters and boarding kennels. For the purposes of this Chapter, a kennel will be considered "commercial" or "noncommercial" if the number of dogs meets the respective definition of a commercial or noncommercial kennel under the Pennsylvania Dog Law and the regulations thereunder.
LABORATORY
A building or group of buildings in which are located the facilities for scientific research, investigation, testing, and experimentation, but not including the manufacture of products for sale, except as an accessory use.
LAKES AND PONDS
Natural or artificial bodies of water which retain water year-round. Artificial ponds may be created by dams, or result from excavation. Lakes are bodies of water two or more acres in extent. Ponds are bodies of water less than two acres in extent. The spillway crest elevation is the basis on which the shoreline is established.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
A. 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(1) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants.
(2) 
The division or allocation of space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of, streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
B. 
A subdivision of land.
C. 
The definition of land development shall not include the following activities:
(1) 
The conversion of an existing single-family detached dwelling or single-family semidetached dwelling into not more than three residential units, unless such units are intended to be a condominium.
(2) 
The addition of an accessory building, including farm buildings, on a lot or lots subordinate to an existing principal building.
(3) 
The addition or conversion of buildings or rides within the confines of an enterprise which constitutes an amusement park. This exclusion shall not apply to newly acquired acreage by an amusement park until initial plans for the expanded area have been approved by the proper authorities.
LAND DISTURBANCE
Any activity which exposes soils, alters topography, and/or alters vegetation. A timber harvesting operation conducted in accordance with the provisions of Section 27-1028 shall not be separately regulated as a land disturbance.
A. 
In addition, the following activities shall not be regulated as land disturbance but shall nevertheless be undertaken in a manner such that disturbed areas shall be stabilized with suitable vegetation and shall not be left bare:
(1) 
Customary agricultural practices such as tilling, plowing, mowing, and harvesting;
(2) 
Customary landscaping practices such as mowing, planting, trimming;
(3) 
Removal of hazardous or invasive vegetation.
B. 
Notwithstanding the above, clearing of woodlands, where proposed to prepare soil for the production of crops, may meet the definition of "timber harvesting."
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including for purposes of this Chapter the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
LANDSCAPING
The planting of turf-grass or other appropriate ground cover in all open areas of the lot, and in addition, the planting of evergreen and deciduous trees, and shrubs, including the maintenance thereof, for the control of erosion, retention of precipitation, protection against the elements, promotion of human comfort, and otherwise protecting the public health, safety, and welfare.
LAUNDROMAT
A commercial premises equipped with individual clothes washing and/or drying machines for the use of customers.
LIFE PLAN COMMUNITY
A residential complex designed and operated for mature adults, which meets the definition of "housing for older persons" as set forth in the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, as amended, (42 U.S.C. § 3601 et seq.) that allows residents to age in place by including independent living, assisted living, personal care, and skilled nursing facilities. A life plan community shall consist of at least two of the following three components: a skilled care or skilled nursing facility licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; an assisted living facility licensed or not by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; and independent living housing units requiring no state-issued license. With the exception of those of any age suffering from senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease, a continuing care development shall not include any facility providing housing, custodial, treatment, habilitative or rehabilitative services to those afflicted with drug or alcohol addiction or dependence, mental illness or emotional illness or for those detained for, charged with, or convicted of any act punishable under any state or federal penal statute or detained, adjudicated delinquent or dependent under any juvenile code.
LIMITED-IMPACT HOME OCCUPATION
See "home occupation."
LITTER, FOREST FLOOR
The uppermost layer of the forest floor consisting chiefly of decaying organic matter.
LIVE-WORK UNIT
A structure that consists of a principal retail or commercial (i.e., neither a home occupation nor a nonresidential) use, where clients or customers are served, that is located in the front of the structure's first floor, or in its entire first floor. The remaining space is comprised of a single residential unit that is intended to be occupied by the retail or commercial business operator. Live-work units may be attached to each other.
LIVESTOCK
Horses, cattle, sheep, or other large domestic animals kept or raised for agricultural purposes.
LOADING SPACE
A space, accessible from a street or accessway, in a building or on a lot, for the temporary use of vehicles, while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
LOCAL STREET
See "street."
LOG LANDING
The area at the end of a skid road where harvested timber is stored or prepared for transport from the woodlot.
LOP
Cutting tops and slash into smaller pieces to allow the material to settle close to the ground.
LOT
A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law and to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
LOT AREA
For purposes of this Chapter, "lot area" shall mean the gross lot area unless specifically modified with the word "net," e.g. "net lot area."
LOT AREA, GROSS
The area of land contained within the limits of the property lines bounding a lot, as shown on a deed, survey, plot, subdivision or land development plan, excluding any portion of a lot included in street and railroad rights-of-way.
LOT AREA, MINIMUM
The minimum area of a lot or tract formed by property lines required by this Chapter for any specified use.
A. 
The gross area of the lot, but excluding all of the following conditions or features:
(1) 
Any area within an easement established for gas, oil, natural gas, electric, or communications transmission facilities, whether below or above ground, that do not exclusively serve the lot traversed.
(2) 
Any area within an easement or right-of-way established for a driveway that does not serve the lot traversed.
(3) 
Any area within an easement established for water supply or wastewater facilities that do not serve the lot.
(4) 
Any area of prohibitive slope regulated by the Steep Slope Conservation regulations of § 27-804.
(5) 
Any area lying within the Flood Hazard District and regulated by § 27-802.
(6) 
Any area regulated by the Riparian Buffer Conservation Regulations of § 27-805.
(7) 
Any area designated as a wetland, lake or pond, except where such area already is excluded under Subsection A(6) above.
(8) 
Any accessway or right-of-way connecting a flag lot to a street, except where the access strip is of sufficient size to comply with the area and bulk requirements for a separate lot in the applicable zoning district.
B. 
Unless otherwise indicated, all references to "minimum lot area" as required for each zoning district shall reference this definition.
LOT COVERAGE
The percentage of the gross lot area that is fully covered by impervious surfaces.
LOT DEPTH
The distance along a straight line drawn from the midpoint of the front lot line to the midpoint of the rear lot line.
LOT LINE
Any property boundary or a lot line dividing one lot from another or from a street or any public space, except that, in the case of any lot abutting a street deemed to be the same as the street line, the lot line shall not be the centerline of the street, or any other line within the street line even though such may be on the property boundary line in a deed. Any lot line neither a rear lot line nor a front lot line shall be deemed a side lot line.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The lot line abutting any street and coinciding with any street right-of-way line. In the case of a corner lot, each street on which the corner lot abuts shall be considered a front lot line.
LOT LINE, REAR
A lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line; if the rear lot line is less than 10 feet in length, or if the lot forms a point at the rear, the rear lot line shall be deemed to be a line 10 feet in length within the lot, parallel to and at the maximum distance from the front lot line. In the case of a corner lot, any lot line that is not a front lot line nor a side lot line.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line not a front or rear lot line; in the case of a corner lot, any lot line that intersects a front lot line shall be considered a side lot line.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance, in feet, between side lot lines, or between the side lot line and the front lot line in the case of a corner lot, measured at either the building setback line or the street line, and parallel to the street line.
LOT, CORNER
A lot bounded by two or more intersecting streets, or at the point of abrupt change in direction of a single street, the interior angle of which is not greater than 135°.
LOT, FLAG OR FLAG-SHAPED
A lot which does not adjoin a street but is connected thereto by an access strip of required minimum width.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot whose lot lines do not abut a street.
LOT, LANDLOCKED
A lot which is surrounded on all sides by one or more lots and does not have a street connection or does not abut a street.
LOT, MOBILE HOME
A parcel of land in a mobile home park, improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home.
LOT, NONCONFORMING
A lot which does not conform to the minimum width, depth, or area dimensions specified for the district where such lot is situated but was lawfully in existence at the time of enactment of this Chapter or a prior zoning ordinance, or is legally established through the granting of a variance by the Zoning Hearing Board.
LOT, PARENT
A lot of record that exists at the time of application for approval of a particular subdivision and from which one or more new lots are proposed to be created.
LUMEN
Unit used to express the light output of a lamp or fixture. The number of lumens striking a square foot of task area determine the footcandle level (lumens per square foot).
LUX
A unit of light intensity stated in lumens per square meter. There are approximately 10.7 lux per footcandle.
MANUFACTURING
Establishments engaged in the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products, including the assembling of component parts, creation of products, and blending of materials, such as lubricating oils, plastics, resins, or liquid.
MANURE DIGESTER
A facility designed to use anaerobic digestion processes to convert livestock and poultry manure into biogas, which is generally burned on-site to produce electricity, heat, and water, as well as to manage livestock and poultry manure. Manure digesters may include "co-digestion" in which the livestock and poultry manure may be mixed with other organic materials. Types of manure digesters include covered anaerobic lagoons, plug-flow, and/or complete mix (or continually stirred tank reactor), along with other appurtenant sites, structures and buildings, electrical infrastructure, transmission lines and other appurtenant structures and facilities.
MANURE STORAGE FACILITY
A well or pit approved by the Chester County Conservation District and/or the Department of Environmental Protection for the temporary storage of animal waste in conjunction with an agricultural use.
MARQUEE or CANOPY
A permanent structure attached to, projecting from, or supported by a wall of a building, generally designed and constructed for protection against the elements.
A. 
An establishment that meets all of the following criteria:
(1) 
Manipulative exercises are performed using the hands and/or a mechanical or bathing device on a person's skin other than the face or neck by another person that is related to certain monetary compensation.
(2) 
The person conducting the massage is not licensed as a health care professional or a licensed massage therapist by the state, nor related to the person receiving the massage by blood, adoption, marriage or official guardianship.
(3) 
The massages are not conducted within a licensed hospital or nursing home or an office of a medical doctor or chiropractor.
(4) 
The massages are conducted within private or semiprivate rooms.
(5) 
The use is not clearly a customary and incidental accessory use to a permitted exercise club or to a high school or college athletic program.
B. 
See standards under "Adult Commercial Use" in § 27-1004.
MEDICAL CLINIC
An office or clinic for the practice of medicine and treatment of persons as outpatients by physicians or licensed medical specialists as a group for medical, dental, or eye care, and any laboratories incidental thereto.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA
Marijuana for certified medical use as set forth in the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act, 35 P.S. § 10231.101 et seq.
MICRO-TURBINE PANELS
Panels with rotors with diameter one foot or less, meant for areas with low-to-moderate wind speeds.
MINERALS
Any aggregate or mass of mineral matter, whether or not coherent. The term includes, but is not limited to, limestone and dolomite, sand and gravel, rock and stone, earth, fill, iron ore, zinc ore, vermiculite, and clay, but does not include anthracite or bituminous coal or coal refuse, except, as provided in § 4 of the Non-coal Surface Mining Conservation and Reclamation Act, as amended, 52 P.S. § 3304.
MINI-WAREHOUSE (SELF-STORAGE UNITS)
Storage units provided for lease to the public for the purpose of storage of personal property generally stored in residential structures and in which each storage unit has direct access from the outside.
MINING
See "quarrying."
MINOR REPAIR
The replacement of existing work with equivalent materials for the purpose of its routine maintenance and upkeep, but not including the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or cutting of any structural beam or bearing support, or the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the exit-way requirements; nor shall minor repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, water supply, sewer, drainage, drain leader, gas, soil, waste, vent or similar piping, electric wiring, or mechanical or other work affecting public health or general safety.
MIXED USE
The use of a building or lot for two or more principal uses.
MOBILE (MANUFACTURED) HOME
See "dwelling unit."
MOBILE (MANUFACTURED) HOME LOT
See "lot, mobile home."
MOBILE (MANUFACTURED) HOME PAD
The concrete pad for the purpose of supporting a mobile home.
MOBILE (MANUFACTURED) HOME PARK
A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which have been so designated and improved that it contains two or more mobile home lots for the placement thereon of mobile homes for nontransient use.
MOBILE (MANUFACTURED) HOME SUBDIVISION
A parcel (or contiguous parcels) of land divided into two or more lots, for rent or sale, for the placement thereon of mobile homes or manufactured homes.
MONOPOLE
A WCF or site which consists of a single pole wireless support structure, designed and erected on the ground or on top of a structure, to support antennae and connecting appurtenances.
MOTEL
See "hotel."
MUNICIPAL USE
Any building, structure, facility, complex, park, open space, recreation lands, trail, other area, or use, provided, constructed, or maintained by the municipal government of Honey Brook Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Municipally owned telecommunications towers leased or otherwise made available to private users shall not be considered a municipal use.
MUNICIPALITIES PLANNING CODE (MPC)
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, 53 § 10101 et seq., as amended. Also known as "Act 247."
NATIVE PLANTS
Plants that are indigenous and original to the specific area or region (the Delaware Valley) and are most appropriate for planting as a result of their adaptation to regional environmental conditions including climate, soils, topography, winds, precipitation, wildlife and other living organisms.
NATURAL REGENERATION
The replacement of one forest stand by another through natural seeding or sprouting.
NEW CONSTRUCTION
Any structure for which the start of construction commenced on or after August 18, 1975, and including any subsequent improvements thereto.
NO-IMPACT HOME OCCUPATION
See "home occupation."
NON-TOWER WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (NON-TOWER WCF)
All wireless communications facilities (WCFs) that are not tower-based, including, but not limited to, data collection units, antennae and related equipment. Non-tower WCF shall include support structures for antennae and related equipment that is mounted to the ground or at ground-level. Other non-ground-mounted examples can include, but not limited to, installation of a WCF on an existing utility pole, light pole, barn, church steeple, farm silo, water towers or other similar structures.
NONCOMMERCIAL ANTENNAS AND TOWERS
A privately owned antenna or tower serving solely the same property upon which the antenna or tower is located, for the personal, amateur, noncommercial use of the owner of the property, and as an accessory use to such property, for example, ham radio, citizens band radio, or direct broadcast satellite dishes.
NONCONFORMING LOT
See "lot, nonconforming."
NONCONFORMING SIGN
Any sign legally existing at the effective date of this Chapter that does not conform in use, location, height, or size to the sign regulations of Part 9, General Regulations.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE
See "structure, nonconforming."
NONCONFORMING USE
See "use, nonconforming."
NONRESIDENTIAL
A use of land, or improvements thereto, for uses other than those for residential purposes, including, but not limited to, commercial, industrial, and institutional.
NOXIOUS VEGETATION
Plant material that is undesirable or offensive due to unsightliness, threats to health, or prolific and uncontrollable growth. For purposes of this Chapter, noxious vegetation shall include, but not be limited to, ragweed, multiflora rose, Canada thistle, Japanese honeysuckle, oriental bittersweet, and other such vegetation as shall be determined by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.
NUDITY
The showing of the human male or female genital, pubic area or buttocks with less than a fully opaque covering; the showing of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple; the exposure of any device, costume or covering which gives the appearance of or simulates the genitals, perineum anal region or pubic hair region; or the exposure of any device worn as a cover over the nipples and/or areola of the female breast which device simulates and gives the realistic appearance of nipples and/or areola.
NURSERY
Land or greenhouses used to raise flowers, shrubs, trees, and/or other plants for commercial purposes.
OBJECT
A material thing of functional, aesthetic, cultural, historic, or scientific value that may, by nature or design, be movable yet related to a specific culture, setting or environment. An example would be an Indian totem.
OCCUPATION, HOME
See "home occupation."
OCCUPATION, RURAL
See definition of "rural occupation" under "home occupation."
OFFICE
A use that involves administrative, clerical, financial, governmental, or professional operations and operations of a similar character. This use shall include neither retail nor industrial uses, but may include business offices, medical or dental offices, clinics or laboratories, photographic studios, and/or television or radio broadcasting studios.
OFFICE, BUSINESS
A business establishment which does not offer, on the premises, a product or merchandise for sale to the public but offers a service to the public. Personal services, such as barber and beauty shops and repair services, are not to be included within the definition of "business office."
OLDFIELD
An area undergoing natural succession characterized by the presence of herbs, shrubs, and small trees (seedlings) whose branches do not form a complete or nearly complete aerial canopy.
OPEN LOOP GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM
A type of geothermal heating and/or cooling system that utilizes a water supply, well, or other source, and a pump to deliver groundwater to a heat exchanger. The discharge water from the heat exchanger may be returned to the subsurface through a recharge well or infiltration bed, or may be discharged into a pond, lake, or stream.
OPEN SPACE DESIGN OPTION (OSDO)
A conservation subdivision alternative where a tract or tracts of land, controlled by one applicant, is to be developed as a single entity for residential purposes, in which dwelling unit type, density, and other area and bulk requirements serve as incentives for the retention and permanent protection of meaningful open space.
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
Land or an area of water or a combination of land and water legally preserved in perpetuity and intended for the use and enjoyment of the residents of a development and/or the general public.
A. 
Common open space shall be free of buildings, except for recreational and utility buildings specifically approved by the Board of Supervisors as part of an initial development plan.
B. 
Common open space shall not include street rights-of-way, private streets, any yard or other area required to meet a requirement for an individual building lot or off-street parking areas except for parking areas clearly needed to serve the permitted uses within the open space area.
C. 
Common open space may include both active and passive recreational uses, such as tennis courts, basketball courts, play equipment, golf courses and putting greens, swimming pools, trails, exercise stations, or other similar uses that do not primarily involve buildings.
OPEN SPACE, RESTRICTED
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water, or a combination of land and water, within a subdivision or land development, set aside, designed and managed for the protection of open space features, including but not limited to farmland, scenic views, historic resources, natural areas and recreational areas, subject to an approved open space management plan and restricted from further development as provided in Part 20, Open Space Design Option, of this Chapter.
OUTDOOR CAFE
An outdoor patio area of an associated restaurant or tavern used for the express purpose of furnishing food and beverages to the public to be consumed on the premises, and directly abutting and on the same lot as the principal building in which the associated restaurant or tavern, licensed by the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board pursuant to the regulations of the said Board (40 Pa. Code § 7.21 et seq. or successor regulations) to conduct business on the above-mentioned premises, is located.
OUTDOOR FARMERS/FARM MARKET
The temporary and seasonal establishment within a defined open area of booths and portable enclosures, defined as temporary structures, specifically designed and intended for display and retail sale of "home-grown" or "homemade" food, flowers, plants, nonalcoholic beverages, clothing, crafts, dry goods, holiday decorations, and other merchandise, and offered to local residents on a one-day-per-week basis.
OUTDOOR HYDRONIC HEATER
See "outdoor wood-fired boiler."
OUTDOOR RECREATIONAL USE
See "recreational use, outdoor."
OUTDOOR STORAGE
See "storage, outdoor."
OUTDOOR WOOD-FIRED BOILER (OWB)
A fuel-burning device in which all of the following applies:
A. 
It is designed to burn, or is capable of burning, one or more of the following allowed fuels:
(1) 
Clean wood;
(2) 
Wood pellets made from clean wood;
(3) 
Home heating oil, natural gas or propane that:
(a) 
Complies with all applicable sulfur limits;
(b) 
Is used as a starter or supplemental fuel for dual-fired outdoor wood-fired boilers.
(4) 
Other fuel approved, in writing, by the PA Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
B. 
Has a rated thermal output of less than 350,000 Btu per hour.
C. 
The manufacturer designs or specifies the device for outdoor installation or installation in structures not normally intended for habitation by humans or domestic animals, including structures like garages and sheds.
D. 
Heats building space or a fluid, or both, through the distribution, typically through pipes, of a fluid heated in the device, typically water or a mixture of water and approved, nontoxic antifreeze.
PA DEP
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
PA DOT
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, also known as "PennDOT," or its successor, and its subparts.
PARCEL
See "lot."
PARENT LOT
See "lot, parent."
PARKING SPACE
A space located off the public right-of-way designed and designated for parking a single motor vehicle.
PARKING SPACE, ALL-WEATHER
A parking space surfaced to whatever extent necessary to permit reasonable use under all conditions of weather.
PARTY WALL
A common shared wall between two separate structures, buildings, or dwelling units.
PAVED
Areas, excluding buildings, surfaced with concrete, paving brick, bituminous, or other such material, to create a dustless, all-weather surface.
PERMITTED BY RIGHT USE
See "use, permitted by right."
PERSONAL CARE HOME
A single-family detached dwelling designed to provide a safe, humane, comfortable and supportive residential setting for eight or more adults who do not require the services in or of a licensed skilled nursing facility, but who do require some assistance or supervision with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, or both. Personal care homes are licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Welfare.
PERSONAL SERVICE SHOP
An establishment that provides a service oriented to personal needs of the general public and which does not involve primarily retail or wholesale sales or services to businesses. Personal services include barber and beauty shops, photography studios, shoe repair shops, household appliance repair shops, and other similar establishments, but shall not include any adult uses.
PERSONS
Individuals, corporations, companies, associations, joint stock companies, firms, partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations and other entities established pursuant to statutes of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; provided that "person" does not include or apply to the Township or to any department or agency of the Township.
PHASE
A geographical area or portion of a tract that is proposed for residential, commercial, or other development, and which is to be developed in accordance with a timetable or schedule approved with an applicant's preliminary or final subdivision or land development plan.
PHILANTHROPIC USE
A private or public organization that is organized and operated for the purpose of providing a service without profit. Such use shall include, for example, an institution or foundation that distributes grants or services to other agencies. The nonprofit status of the organization shall be based on its recognition as such by the Internal Revenue Service.
PLACE OF WORSHIP
See "church."
PLANNED MIXED-USE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Any combination of two or more principal uses on a single lot or tract within the MUC — Mixed Use Commercial District, whether individually permitted by right, special exception, or conditional use, and including shopping center, live-work units, commercial or office uses with apartments on upper floors, but excluding mobile home park. Such uses are planned and designed as a complex of related structures, common areas, unifying architecture and site design, and circulation patterns, and designed, constructed, or managed as a total entity with customer, employee, and/or resident parking provided on-site and with provision for delivery of goods separate from customer access.
PLANNED MIXED-USE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
Any combination of two or more residential dwelling unit types and accessory uses on a single lot or tract within the MUR — Mixed Use Residential District. A planned mixed-use residential development may also include nonresidential uses, subject to the provisions of Part 5 of this Chapter. A planned mixed-use residential development is planned and designed as a unified development of related structures and amenities, common open space, and vehicular and pedestrian circulation patterns.
PLANTING SCREEN
A combination of deciduous (leaf-shedding) and evergreen plantings intended to provide an effective screen throughout the year. See also "effective usual or natural screen."
PNDI
Pennsylvania Natural Diversity Index.
POND
See "lakes and ponds."
PORTABLE TOILET
A nonflushing toilet that retains and chemically treats sewage in a retaining tank and is constructed to facilitate ultimate disposal of the sewage at another site.
PRECAUTIONARY SLOPE
Those areas of land where the grade is 15% up to and including 25%. Slopes shall be measured as the change in elevation over the horizontal distance between consecutive contour lines and expressed as a percent. For the purpose of application of these regulations, slope shall be measured over three or more two-foot contour intervals (six cumulative vertical feet of slope). All slope measurements shall be based on contour intervals determined by detailed topographical survey using aerial photogrammetry or actual field survey and shall be signed and sealed by a registered surveyor or engineer licensed to practice in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
PREMISES
A separate lot, tax parcel, tract, or plot of land together with the buildings and structures thereon. "Premises" may include more than one occupant on a lot or parcel, such as an office building or planned commercial center.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
See "building, principal."
PRINCIPAL USE
See "use, principal."
PRINCIPALLY ABOVE GROUND
Where at least 51% of the actual cash value of a structure, less land value, is above ground.
PROFESSIONAL FORESTER
A forester meeting one of the following requirements:
A. 
Possessing at least two years of technical forestry experience and an associate's degree in forest technology, forestry, forest management, forest ecosystem management, urban forestry, forest science, agroforestry, or similar course of study.
B. 
Possessing a bachelor's or master's degree in forest technology, forestry, forest management, forest ecosystem management, urban forestry, forest science, agroforestry, or similar course of study.
C. 
Possessing a bachelor's or master's degree in wildlife biology, botany, or plant ecology.
PROHIBITIVE SLOPES
Those areas of land where the grade is greater than 25%. Slopes shall be measured as the change in elevation over the horizontal distance between consecutive contour lines and expressed as a percent. For the purpose of application of these regulations, slope shall be measured over three or more two-foot contour intervals [six cumulative vertical feet of slope]. All slope measurements shall be based on contour intervals determined by detailed topographical survey using aerial photogrammetry or actual field survey.
PROMOTIONAL EVENT
An event, sponsored by the property owner, an association of agricultural property owners, or similar organizations formed to assist the agricultural industry in the area, to promote the sale of Pennsylvania wines, and which is intended to allow for the sampling and direct marketing and sales of wines produced on the premises or produced elsewhere from grapes grown on site.
PUBLIC ESTABLISHMENT
Includes all outdoor places owned by or open to the general public and all buildings and enclosed places owned by or open to the general public, including such places of entertainment, taverns, restaurants, clubs, theaters, dance halls, banquet halls, party rooms or halls limited to specific members, whether open to the public or to patrons invited to attend, whether or not an admission charge is levied.
PUBLIC GROUNDS
Includes parks, playgrounds, and other public areas, and the sites for schools, sewage treatment, refuse disposal and other publicly owned or operated facilities. For the purpose of this Chapter, public grounds are a public use. (See also "public use.")
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice by the Board of Supervisors or Zoning Hearing Board, intended to inform and obtain public comment prior to taking action.
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum, often held by the Township Planning Commission, pursuant to notice by the Township for the purpose of providing information and/or discussion.
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of any hearing or meeting and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing or meeting. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days prior to the date of the hearing or meeting.
PUBLIC SERVICE FACILITY
Electric substations, pumping stations, telephone exchanges, repeater stations, and other facilities, public service facility equipment and structures necessary for conducting a service by a government or a public utility.
PUBLIC SERVICE FACILITY EQUIPMENT
Telephone, electric and cable television lines, poles, equipment and structures; water or gas pipes, mains, valves or structures; sewer pipes, valves or structures, and other related apparatus necessary for conducting a service by a government or a public utility.
PUBLIC STREET
A strip of land, including the entire right-of-way, intended for general public use as a means of vehicular and pedestrian circulation to provide access to more than one lot. A public street shall be one that has been dedicated to the public use and used and maintained pursuant to the Second Class Township Code, 53 P.S. § 65101 et seq., and/or the regulations of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation.
PUBLIC TASTING
Wine sampling by the general public.
PUBLIC USE
Any building, structure, facility, complex, or area used by the general public or which provides a service to the public, which is owned or operated by a state, county, or municipal government agency.
PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDING
A building owned and operated by any utility authorized to operate a public utility facility, as that term is defined herein.
PUBLIC UTILITY FACILITY
A facility owned and operated by an electric company, water company, sewage disposal company, telephone company, cable television company, gas company, pipe line company or similar legal entity owning or operating equipment or facilities for transmitting, distributing or conveying natural gas, electricity or steam for the production of light, heat or power through and outside the Township to or for the public for compensation; pumping, distributing or furnishing water to or for the public for compensation; transporting passengers or property as a common carrier; transporting or conveying natural gas, crude oil, gasoline or petroleum products, materials for refrigeration, oxygen or nitrogen or other fluid substance, by underground pipeline or conduit, for the public for compensation; conveying or transmitting messages or communications by telephone or telegraph for the public for compensation, except as herein otherwise excluded; and sewage collection, treatment or disposal for the public for compensation; provided, however, that such facility shall not include a sewage treatment plant, power generation plant for the production of natural gas, electricity, steam or any similar facilities, buildings or structures designed and intended to produce or generate any such products or services, or administrative offices of such entity, whether publicly or privately owned. The term also does not include any facility of a person, corporation or other legal entity not otherwise a public utility, who or which furnishes service only to himself or itself; any facility of a person, corporation or other legal entity who or which furnishes mobile domestic cellular radio telecommunications service; any cooperative association which furnishes service only to its stockholders or members on a nonprofit basis; any producer of natural gas not engaged in distributing such gas directly to the public for compensation; any building or facility owner/operators who hold ownership over and manage the internal distribution system serving such building or facility and who supply electric power and other related electric power services to occupants of the building or facility; provided, however, that in any instance where the use regulations of a particular zoning district do not permit a public utility building, the provisions of § 619 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, 53 P.S. § 10619, shall apply; provided, further, that "essential utilities," as defined in this Section, shall be permitted in all zoning districts.
QUADRAPLEX
See "dwelling unit."
QUARRYING
The removal from the earth, at or below its surface, of any mineral deposit, as defined by this Chapter, for use or disposal off the premises through consumption, commerce, or distribution. Excluded from the definition are grading and earthmoving incident to normal construction activities and normal farming operations.
RARE SPECIES SITES
Sites which have been identified on the Pennsylvania Natural Diversity Inventory (PNDI), the Chester County Natural Heritage Inventory, or any Chester County natural areas inventory as possessing floral or faunal species of concern or sites in which federally and or state recognized rare, threatened or endangered species of flora and/or fauna are present. The land area regulated as a rare species site shall be as mapped in the pertinent inventory or survey.
RAZING
The complete removal of an entire building or structure so as to leave no part of the building or structure standing.
REAR YARD
See "yard, rear."
REAR YARD LINE
See "yard line."
RECONSTRUCTION
Any or all work needed to remake or rebuild all or a part of any building to a sound condition, but not necessarily of original materials.
RECREATION FACILITY, INCLUDING HEALTH CLUB
A gainful activity or business, open to the public for the purpose of public recreation or entertainment including, but not limited to, bowling alleys, motion picture theaters, health clubs, driving ranges, and miniature golf courses.
RECREATION, ACTIVE
Those recreational uses which require physical alteration to the area in which they are performed. Such areas are intensively used and include, but are not limited to, playgrounds, ball courts and swimming pools; excluding amusement parks.
RECREATION, PASSIVE
Recreational pursuits which can be carried out with little alteration or disruption in the area in which they are performed. Such uses include, but are not limited to, hiking, biking, and picnicking.
RECREATIONAL USE, INDOOR
The use of a building or part thereof for indoor entertainment or sports, which may be operated as a commercial venture, such as bowling, pinball and video games, pool tables, movie theaters, playhouses, tennis, racquetball, squash, indoor basketball, indoor swimming, or similar indoor uses, but excluding target shooting or any other activities that create loud noises or may be dangerous or disturbing to surrounding residents.
RECREATIONAL USE, OUTDOOR
An outdoor facility and associated structures designed and equipped for the conduct of sports and leisure time activities, which may be operated as a commercial venture, including swimming, tennis and other court games, baseball and other field sports, playground and other similar outdoor activities, but excluding amusement parks, go-cart tracks, shooting ranges and other activities which generate noise objectionable to a residential environment.
A. 
A vehicle, boat, boat trailer, or other piece of equipment, whether self-powered or designed to be pulled or carried, intended only for leisure time or recreational use and which is:
(1) 
Built on a single chassis;
(2) 
Not more than 400 square feet, measured at the largest horizontal projections;
(3) 
Designed to be self- propelled or permanently towable by a light-duty truck; and
(4) 
Not designed for use as a permanent dwelling, storage facility, animal shelter, or accessory building but as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use.
B. 
Recreational vehicles or units include snowmobiles, minibikes, all-terrain vehicles, go-carts, boat trailers, travel trailers, truck-mounted campers, motor homes, folding tent campers, boats, autos, buses or trucks adapted for vacation use, and other vehicles not suitable for daily conventional family transportation.
RECYCLING CENTER
A business that accumulates material such as paper, glass, aluminum, and plastic that is no longer useful for its original purpose. The materials are then transported off the premises to be manufactured into a new product. A place for the collection and storage of materials suitable for recycling into usable products of the like, kind and quality of the materials collected.
REFORESTATION
The restocking of an area with forest trees, including natural regeneration as well as tree planting.
REFUSE
Man-made debris, including tires, oil cans, equipment parts, and other rubbish.
REGENERATION METHOD
A cutting method designed to promote and enhance natural establishment of trees. Even-aged stands are perpetuated by seed tree, shelterwood and clearcutting methods. Uneven-aged stands are perpetuated by selecting individual or small groups of trees for removal. Five requirements must be considered prior to making a regeneration cut:
A. 
Abundant advanced regeneration (seedlings and sprouts) should be present on the forest floor, or there should be ample seed in the forest floor litter that can germinate after the overstory is removed;
B. 
Seedlings and sprouts should be well-distributed;
C. 
They should be desirable species;
D. 
Vegetation that will inhibit the growth and development of seedlings and sprouts should be controlled;
E. 
Seedlings and sprouts should be protected from over-browsing by white-tailed deer.
REHABILITATION
The process of returning a property to a state of utility through repair or alteration, which makes possible an efficient contemporary use while preserving those portions and features of the property which are significant to its historical, architectural, and cultural values.
RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM
An energy system which makes use of recurring natural resources or byproducts to produce energy without consuming nonrenewable resources nor causing significant disturbance to natural systems. Renewable energy systems include, but are not limited to, geothermal, solar, and wind energy systems; as well as manure digesters and outdoor wood-fired boilers (OWBs). Such systems are usually independent of the primary utility supplied energy system but may be connected thereto.
RENTAL UNIT, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL
For the purposes of this Chapter, an individual space offered for rent or lease within a motel, hotel, rooming house, tourist home, institutional home, dormitory, or in a professional or commercial office building.
REPAIR OR ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
Any or all work involving the replacement of existing construction, work, or features with the same material for the purpose of maintenance and upkeep only, but not including any addition, removal, change, or modification in any construction or existing features.
RESIDENTIAL
A use of land, or improvements thereto, for a home, abode, or place where an individual is actually living at a specific point in time.
RESIDENTIAL CONVERSION
See "conversion, residential."
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
A lot containing an existing dwelling unit and with a gross lot area of less than 10 acres, or any undeveloped lot within the RC, NR, MUR, or MUC Zoning Districts.
RESIDUAL STAND
Trees remaining following any cutting operation.
RESTAURANT
The following types of restaurants are addressed by this Chapter:
A. 
An establishment that sells ready-to-eat meals to the public which are clearly primarily consumed within the building or the place of business, and where waiters and/or waitresses serve the clear majority of non-buffet food and beverages is served to patrons while the customers are seated. Unless otherwise stated, such restaurant shall not include a drive-through lane.
B. 
A restaurant that also involves accessory service to customers who consume the food off-premises. Unless otherwise stated, such restaurant shall not include drive-through service.
C. 
A restaurant that sells ready-to-eat meals to the public and which does not meet the definition of a "restaurant" in Subsection A, above. This use typically involves customers making orders at an inside window or service area or cafeteria line, with the food consumed either at seating areas within the building or off the premises, and which typically involves customers eating the food outside of the building relatively frequently.
D. 
A restaurant that includes service to customers remaining seated in automobiles, either through an exterior window or service area or through service to parked automobiles.
E. 
A place (including, but not limited to, a snack bar, dairy bar, or hamburger or hot dog stand) where customers are served ready-to-eat food at an exterior window or service area and where no inside seating facilities are provided and/or which primarily involves the off-site delivery of meals to the homes or businesses of customers.
RESTORATION
Any or all work connected with the returning to or restoring of a building or a part of any building to its original condition through the use of original or nearly original materials.
RETAIL ESTABLISHMENT
A use in which merchandise is sold or rented to the general public, but not including the following: adult movie theater; adult bookstore; manufacturing; tavern; car wash; auto/truck fuel sales; auto/truck/boat or other motor vehicle sales, service, or repair; convenience store; or any restaurant. The term includes retail uses whose merchandise sales of consumable fresh foods, prepared foods, and dry food ingredients total less than 20% of the store's total gross annual sales.
RIDING STABLE
See "equestrian center."
RIGHT-OF-WAY or ROW
The surface of and space above and below any real property in the Township in which the Township or commonwealth has a regulatory interest, or interest as a trustee for the public, as such interests now or hereafter exist, including, but not limited to, all streets, highways, avenues, roads, alleys, sidewalks, tunnels, viaducts, bridges, skyways, or any other public place, area, or property under the control of the Township or commonwealth, and any unrestricted Township- or commonwealth-owned easements established, dedicated, platted, improved or devoted for utility purposes, but excluding lands other than streets that are owned by the Township or commonwealth. The phrase "in the right(s)-of-way" means in, on, over, along, above and/or under the right(s)-of-way.
RIPARIAN
Belonging or related to the bank of a water body.
RIPARIAN BUFFER
A vegetated area, including trees, shrubs, and herbaceous vegetation, adjacent to a water body.
RIPARIAN FOREST BUFFER
A riparian buffer that consists predominantly of native trees, shrubs and/or herbaceous plants that provide a minimum of 60% uniform canopy coverage.
ROOFTOP STRUCTURES
All objects, materials, equipment, and/or structures extending more than 12 inches above the roofline of a building, including but not limited to the following: vent stacks, heat pumps, cooling towers, heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning units, and other mechanical equipment. Rooftop structures shall specifically not include the following: vent stacks that extend 12 inches or less above the roofline, chimneys, parapet walls, and antennae. "Rooftop structures" shall be interpreted as including the words "or part thereof." For a pitched roof, for the purposes of this definition, the word "roofline" shall mean "the mean height between the eaves and ridge."
RURAL OCCUPATION
See definition under "home occupation."
SCHOOL, FARM-RELATED
A private, nonprofit educational facility for academic instruction, located as an accessory use on a property of at least 20 acres that is actively involved in agriculture; no boarding of students shall be permitted.
SCHOOL, PRIVATE
An educational use primarily for persons between the ages of five and 19, properly certified by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, including college; public elementary/middle or secondary school; or similar educational facility for academic instruction, but excluding: (A) private vocational or similar adult trade school or training center; (B) therapeutic, rehabilitative, or correctional institution; and (C) any residential facility or use.
SCHOOL, PUBLIC
An educational use primarily for persons between the ages of five and 19, operated by the Twin Valley School District or its lawful successors, including public elementary/middle or secondary school; or similar educational facility for academic instruction, but excluding: (A) private vocational or similar adult trade school or training center; (B) therapeutic, rehabilitative, or correctional institution; and (C) any residential facility or use.
SCHOOL, TRADE
A facility that is primarily intended for education of a work-related skill or craft or a hobby, and that does not primarily provide state-required education to persons under age 18; may include, e.g., dancing school, martial arts school, or ceramics school.
SCREEN
See "effective visual or natural screen."
SEASONALLY WET
Refers to wetlands that have water at or near the surface only during periods of abundant rainfall or snow melt.
SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR STANDARDS FOR REHABILITATION
Under the direction of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Secretary of the Interior Standards for Rehabilitation address the treatment and preservation of the historic and architectural character of historic resources including interior and exterior features, design, additions, material, and construction methods.
SEED TREE
A tree left standing for the sole or primary purpose of providing seed.
SELECTIVE CUTTING
The removal of high-quality trees singly or in small groups based on a minimum diameter limit. Selective cutting often equates to high-grading and can compromise the quality of the future stand.
SELF-SERVICE STORAGE WAREHOUSE
See "mini-storage."
SETBACK, (BUILDING)
See "yard, front;" "yard, rear;" "yard, side."
SEWAGE
Any substance that contains any of the waste products or excrementitious matter or other discharge from the bodies of human beings or animals and laundry, bathroom, and kitchen waste water.
SEWAGE FACILITY
A system of piping tanks or other facilities for the purpose of sewage collection conveyance treatment and disposal which will prevent the discharge of untreated or inadequately treated sewage or other waste into waters of the commonwealth or otherwise provide for the safe and sanitary treatment and disposal of sewage or other waste. The term includes:
A. 
A sewage facility serving a single lot which collects treats and disposes of sewage in whole or in part into the soil or waters of the commonwealth or by means of conveyance to another site for final disposal. The term includes:
(1) 
An individual sewage facility which collects, coveys, treats and disposes of sewage into a soil absorption area or spray field or by retention in a retaining tank on the lot where the sewage is generated.
(2) 
An individual sewage facility which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage by means other than renovation in a soil absorption area or retention in a retaining tank on the lot where the sewage is generated.
B. 
A privately owned sewage facility which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage from two or more lots or two or more equivalent dwellings units (EDUs) from the same lot on one or more of the lots or at another site. Such facility shall be approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and/or the Chester County Health Department.
(1) 
A sewage facility serving two or more lots or two or more equivalent dwelling units (EDUs) from the same lot which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage into a soil absorption area or spray field or retaining tank and located on one or more of the lots where the sewage is generated.
(2) 
A sewage facility serving two or more lots or two or more equivalent dwelling units (EDUs) from the same lot which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage other than by renovation in a soil absorption area or retention in a retaining tank and located on one or more of the lots where the sewage is generated.
C. 
A sewage facility operated by the Northwestern Chester County Municipal Authority or its successors, or the Caernarvon Township Municipal Sewer Authority or its successors.
SHED
See "storage shed."
SHELTERWOOD METHOD
A sustainable forest regeneration method of timber harvesting that leaves a large number of trees standing long enough to establish and protect "advanced regeneration" sites until the seedlings and saplings are well established. After regeneration is well established, the sheltering trees are harvested, permitting the advanced regeneration to occupy the site fully.
SHOPPING CENTER
A mixed-use commercial development containing three or more retail uses located in one building or on a single lot and preplanned and designed as a complex of related structures and circulation patterns. Such criteria shall also apply to any single proposed retail use more than 20,000 square feet in gross floor area.
SIDE YARD
See "yard, side."
SIDE YARD LINE
See "yard line."
SIGHT DISTANCE
The maximum extent of unobstructed vision (in a vertical or horizontal plane) along a street from a vehicle located at any given point on the street.
SIGN
Any permanent or temporary device, structure, fixture, painting, emblem, or visual that includes any letter, word, number, symbol, graphic, color, or illumination for the purpose of communicating a message. This includes, but is not limited to, signs that are an advertisement, announcement, visual communication, or direction, or those that are designed to attract the attention of the public. National flags, flags of political subdivisions, or symbolic flags of any business or institution, or cornerstones built into a wall of a building shall not be considered as signs for the purpose of this Chapter.
A. 
A sign erected on or related to the use of a business, service, owner product, or property, which becomes vacant and unoccupied for a period of three months or more, or any sign which relates to a time, event, or purpose which is past.
B. 
A sign that is part of or attached to an awning or other fabric, plastic, or structural protective cover over a door, entrance, window, or outdoor service area. An awning without lettering or other advertising shall not be regulated as a sign.
C. 
A temporary sign having characters, symbols, design, or letters applied to paper, plastic, fabric, or similar flexible materials which are durable and weather resistant.
D. 
A sign or portion thereof on which the copy or symbols change through the manual placement of letters or symbols on a panel mounted in or on a track system.
E. 
A temporary sign intended to display the name of the project and/or the contractor, architect, engineer, financier, or similar information pertaining to the project.
F. 
The portion of a sign message made up of internally illuminated components capable of changing the message periodically. Digital displays may include but are not limited to LCD, LED, or plasma displays.
G. 
A sign indicating direction, entry or exit, loading or service area, fire lanes, parking, no trespassing, or similar information for pedestrian or vehicular traffic into, out of, or within a site.
H. 
A sign identifying two or more persons, agencies or establishments located in a place or location common to those entities.
I. 
A sign which displays a message, information, or advertising on both faces, and sides, of the sign.
J. 
A sign or portion thereof which can be electronically changed or rearranged without altering the face of the surface of the sign. This shall also include time and/or temperature messages.
K. 
A sign supported by structures or supports that are placed on or anchored in the ground, and are independent from any building or structure.
L. 
A type of permanent freestanding sign located directly on, and affixed to, a base structure. Ground signs are also known as monument signs.
M. 
A sign which hangs by chain rope or similar means from the cornice of a roofline of a building, frequently from a porch over an entranceway.
N. 
A sign identifying a rural occupation, home occupation or identifying the use of a property with a name and/or logo, but has no advertisement.
O. 
A sign which is designed to be illuminated by artificial light from a source adjacent to or outside of the sign in such a manner that the source of the light is not directly visible from the street or any other intended vantage point of the sign.
P. 
A sign which is designed to be illuminated by light from within the sign rather than a source adjacent to or outside of the sign.
Q. 
Any building-mounted sign attached to a marquee or canopy for the purpose of advertising a use, event, product, film, or production. Marquee or canopy signs have no relationship to the roof structure of a building.
R. 
A building-mounted sign that only displays types and/or prices of food and/or beverage offered for sale. Such signs include, but are not limited to, a bill of fare or a price list.
S. 
A sign indicating only the name and/or address of a person or persons residing on, or legally occupying, the premises.
T. 
A sign erected by the state, county, Township, or other legally constituted governmental body.
U. 
Any outdoor sign, display, figure, painting, drawing, message, billboard or any other thing which is designed, intended or used to advertise or inform, but does not include on-premises signs advertising or identifying activities conducted on or products sold on the property upon which they are located.
V. 
A sign which is used to direct the attention of patrons, members, or an audience to an object, product, service, place, activity, person, institution, organization, or business that is primarily offered or located at a location other than the lot upon which the sign is located.
W. 
A sign directing attention to a business, commodity, or service conducted, sold, or offered on the same premises as which the sign is located. An on-premises sign includes those that identify or advertise the home occupations.
X. 
A temporary sign pertaining to political views, an individual seeking election or appointment to a public office, or a forthcoming public election or referendum.
Y. 
A sign which is self-supporting without being firmly embedded in the ground or designed to be movable, including, but not limited to, signs mounted on wheels, menu and sandwich board signs, sidewalk A-frame signs, hot-air- or gas-filled balloons, or signs affixed to vehicles denoting a business-related activity.
Z. 
A sign which advertises availability of rest rooms, telephone, meeting times of service organizations or other similar public conveniences.
AA. 
A temporary sign pertaining to the sale, lease, or rental of the property on which the sign is located.
BB. 
A sign constructed of paper, cloth, canvas, wood, metal or any lightweight material intended to be displayed for a short period of time, as stipulated in Part 9, but normally less than 30 days.
CC. 
Signs erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Transportation or the Township which are designed to regulate traffic, describe road conditions, supply directions, or provide information.
DD. 
A sign affixed to, or painted on, a vehicle, trailer, wagon, or similar device used primarily as a stationary advertisement for the business or property on which the vehicle sits.
EE. 
A sign suspended from, painted on, posted on, or mounted parallel to a wall or other vertical building surface. Wall signs shall not extend more than six inches beyond the edge of a wall or other surface to which they are mounted; otherwise they shall be defined as a projecting sign.
FF. 
A building-mounted, double-sided sign typically affixed perpendicular to a building's wall. Projecting wall signs, also known as blade signs, do not include canopy, awning, or marquee signs.
GG. 
A continuous rectangular area on the wall of a building.
HH. 
A temporary sign attached to or affixed to the interior of a window or door, or a permanent sign which is readily visible and can be read from the exterior through a window or door from a distance of 20 feet therefrom. Such sign shall not be internally illuminated.
SIGN AREA
The sign facing, including any border, framing, or decorative attachments. In the case of freestanding letters, it shall be the area contained between the highest and lowest points of any letters, and the extremity points of the first and last letters.
SIGN HEIGHT
The distance from the existing ground elevation at the base of the sign to the highest point of the sign structure. Where there is a sidewalk, the height shall be measured from the elevation of the sidewalk.
SILO
A tall cylindrical structure that is located on a farm and is used to store crops for animal feed.
SILVICULTURE
The art, science, and practice of establishing, tending, and reproducing forest stands.
SINGLE AND SEPARATE OWNERSHIP
The ownership of property by any person, which ownership is separate and distinct from that of any adjoining property.
SINGLE TREE SELECTION
A method of regenerating an uneven-aged stand that removes individually selected trees throughout all diameter classes, creating small gaps in the canopy to facilitate regeneration.
SITE ALTERATION
Includes regrading the existing topography; filling lakes, ponds, marshes, or floodplains; clearing vegetation; or altering watercourses.
SITE RESTORATION
Measures taken following completion of land disturbance activities which will stabilize the land surface and minimize exposure to possible erosion or sedimentation.
SKID
Drag logs by lifting one end off the ground to reduce resistance.
SKID ROAD
A road designed for frequent use by skidding equipment. Skid roads typically incorporate water-control structures.
SKID TRAIL
A trail requiring less construction than a skid road because it is used less frequently by skidding equipment.
SKILLED NURSING FACILITY
A licensed health-care institution meeting federal criteria for Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement for nursing care, which includes supervised care of every patient by a physician and at least one registered nurse, the maintenance of records concerning the care and condition of every patient, and the availability of twenty-four-hour nursing care.
SLASH
Woody debris left in the woods after logging, including logs, chunks, bark, branches, uprooted stumps, and broken or uprooted trees or shrubs.
SOIL SURVEY
A scientific survey of soil conditions and characteristics prepared by the former United States Soil Conservation Service or current Natural Resources Conservation Service; in particular, Soil Survey of Chester and Delaware Counties (1963), as it may be updated or amended.
SOLAR ENERGY
Energy which has been converted, through the use of a solar energy system, from sunlight into usable electricity or to heat air, water, or other fluids for use in hot water or space heating, or other applications.
SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM
An energy conversion system, including appurtenances, which converts solar energy to a usable form of energy to meet all or part of the energy or heating requirements of the on-site user, or which is to be sold to a utility company to be used by others, or sold directly to other users. Particular types of solar energy systems include, but are not limited to:
A. 
Photovoltaic (PV) collectors, which convert solar energy into electricity;
B. 
Solar thermal collectors, which are designed to use solar energy to heat air, water, or other fluids for use in hot water or space heating, or other applications.
SOLID WASTE
All refuse including garbage and trash, and all solid material which is putrescible and originating from the preparation, cooking and consumption of food and market produce.
SOLID WASTE TRANSFER FACILITY
A type of solid waste disposal facility which receives and temporarily stores solid waste at a location other than the generation site and which facilitates the bulk transfer of accumulated solid waste to a facility for further processing or disposal, and which may or may not involve the separation of recyclables from solid waste.
SPECIAL CONCERN SPECIES
Plant and animal species that are not listed as threatened or endangered by a jurisdictional agency, but are identified on a PNDI Receipt as an at risk species. These include:
A. 
Plant and animal species that are classified as rare, vulnerable, tentatively undetermined or candidate;
B. 
Taxa of conservation concern; and
C. 
Special concern plant populations.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION USE
See "use, special exception."
STACK
Any vertical structure enclosing a flue or flues that carry off smoke or exhaust from a furnace or other fuel-burning device, especially that part of a structure extending above a roof.
STAND
A grouping of vegetation sufficiently uniform in species composition, age, and condition to be distinguished from surrounding vegetation types and managed as a single unit.
STAND DENSITY
A quantitative, absolute measure of tree occupancy per unit of land area in such terms as numbers of trees, basal area (cross-sectional area of a tree trunk at breast height), or volume.
START OF CONSTRUCTION
The date of issuance of a building permit, provided the actual start of construction, repair, reconstruction, placement, or other improvement was within 180 days of the permit date. The actual start means either the first placement of permanent construction of a structure on a site, such as the pouring of slab or footings, the installation of piles, the construction of columns, or any work beyond the state of excavation; or the placement of a manufactured home on a foundation. Permanent construction does not include land preparation, such as clearing, grading, and filling; nor does it include the installation of streets and/or walkways; nor does it include the installation on the property of accessory buildings, such as garages or sheds not occupied as dwelling units or not part of the main structure.
STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
Camouflaging methods applied to tower-based wireless communications facilities, antennae and other facilities which render them more visually appealing or blend the proposed facility into the existing structure or visual backdrop in such a manner as to render it minimally visible to the casual observer. Such methods include, but are not limited to, architecturally screened roof-mounted antennae, building-mounted antennae painted to match the existing structure and facilities constructed to resemble trees, shrubs, flag poles and light poles.
STEEPLE
A tall tapering structure narrowing to a point at the top that is located on the roof of or is a part of the superstructure of a church or other place of worship.
STOCKYARD
An enclosure utilizing fences, structures or buildings to temporarily house livestock prior to sale, shipment, or slaughter.
STORAGE
The keeping of man-made materials for future deposition for a continuous period greater than eight hours. Excluded from this definition are the following:
A. 
Equipment, vehicles and materials which are used in connection with a construction project during the period of construction.
B. 
The unloading or loading of vehicles parked against a building where all activity occurs within the building.
STORAGE SHED
A self-contained accessory structure to be used solely for the purpose of enclosing, protecting and/or securing objects used in the normal operation and/or maintenance associated with the principal use of the property. No vehicle or previously functioning vehicle including, but not limited to, a recreational vehicle, camping trailer, truck trailer, mobile home, or bus, and no part of a vehicle body shall be used as a storage shed.
STORAGE, OUTDOOR
The storage of all man-made materials as defined above, in an outside or unenclosed area, inclusive of material covered by tarps, tents, canopies, or other similar structure.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT FACILITY
Any feature, natural or man-made, that, due to its condition, design, or construction, conveys, stores, or otherwise affects stormwater runoff quality, rate, or quantity. Typical stormwater management facilities include, but are not limited to, detention and retention basins, open channels, storm sewers, pipes, and infiltration facilities.
STORY AND HALF-STORY
That portion of a building, included between the surface of any floor and the ceiling next above it that is routinely accessible by humans and has an internal height of not less than 6.5 feet shall be considered a full story. Any such portion of a floor of a building having an internal height of less than 6.5 feet shall be considered a half story. In addition, if more than 33% of the perimeter walls around the ground level are below grade, then such ground level shall not be considered to be a story. See also the definition of "basement."
STREET
A right-of-way intended for general public use to provide means of approach for vehicles and pedestrians. The word "street" includes the words "road," "highway," "thoroughfare," and "way." Streets shall be further classified as:
A. 
A street serving a large volume of comparatively high-speed and long-distance traffic and providing a high degree of mobility, including all facilities classified as main and secondary highways by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. U.S. Rt. 322 is the only street classified as an arterial in the Township.
B. 
A street designed and located to provide means to drain traffic off local streets and to provide access for through traffic between residential neighborhoods and districts within the Township to major streets and/or a street used for access to nonresidential properties, e.g., commercial, industrial, professional.
(1) 
A collector serving moderate levels of traffic, providing a mix of access and mobility, and linking neighborhoods.
(2) 
A collector serving lower amounts of traffic, providing relatively more access than mobility, and serving as a major road through identifiable neighborhoods.
C. 
A street intended to serve and provide access to the properties abutting thereon and not connecting with other streets in such a manner as to encourage through traffic.
D. 
A street that has not been dedicated nor is intended to be dedicated to the Township.
STREET RIGHT-OF-WAY LINE
The dividing line between a lot and the outside boundary or right-of-way line of a public street, road, or highway legally open or officially platted, or between a lot and the outside boundary of the right-of-way of a privately owned street, road, or way over which the owners or tenants of two or more lots, each held in single and separate ownership, have the right-of-way.
STREET FURNITURE
The benches, waste cans, bicycle racks, public art, and other structures that help to make the street a public, more welcoming, and usable space.
STREET LINE
See "street right-of-way line."
STREET TREE
A native species tree, primarily of the deciduous variety, planted to produce shade and to provide visual variety to the streetscape.
STREET, CENTER LINE
The center line of a street which is at an equal distance from both right-of-way lines.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATION
Any change in or addition to the supporting or structural members of a building or other structure, such as the bearing walls, partitions, columns, beams, or girders, or any change which could convert an existing building or other structure into a different structure, or adapt it to a different use, or which in the case of a nonconforming building or other structure would prolong the life of such building or other structure.
STRUCTURAL UNIT
One or more buildings enclosed by continuous exterior walls and a continuous roof.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on land or water or on land and water, whether or not affixed to the land. The term "structure" shall include, but not be limited to, buildings, fences, flagpoles, garages, mobile (manufactured) homes, porches, sheds, signs, silos, solar energy collectors, swimming pools, tanks, towers, walls, water towers, windmills, and similar constructions. "Structure" shall be interpreted as including the words "or part thereof," and shall include any walled or roofed building, including a gas or liquid storage tank, that is principally above ground.
STRUCTURE, NONCONFORMING
A structure or part of a structure which does not comply with the applicable dimensional regulations, including those relating to density, impervious surfaces, building coverage, building height, and setbacks in this Chapter or amendments heretofore or hereafter enacted, where such structure was lawfully in existence prior to the enactment of said ordinance or amendment, or prior to the application of said ordinance or amendment to its location by reason of annexation. Such structures include, but are not limited to, buildings, fences, and swimming pools.
STRUCTURE, TEMPORARY
A structure without foundation or footings which is removed when the designated time period, activity, or use for which the temporary structure was erected has ceased.
STUDIO
The working place of a painter, sculptor or photographer. A place for the study of art, including dancing, singing, acting and music.
SUBDIVISION
The division of a single lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, tracts, or parcels of land, for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership, or building or lot development. The subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted from this definition.
SUBDIVISION AND LAND DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE (SALDO)
The Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance, Chapter 22, of Honey Brook Township, as adopted and amended from time to time.
SUBSTANTIALLY CHANGE or SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE (where related to Wireless Communication Facilities)
A modification to the physical dimensions of a tower or base station as measured from the dimensions of the tower or base station inclusive of any modifications approved prior to the passage of the Spectrum Act (effective February 22, 2012), if it meets any of the following criteria:
A. 
For tower-based WCFs outside of the public rights-of-way, it increases the height of the facility by more than 10%, or by the height of one additional antenna array with separation from the nearest existing antenna, not to exceed 20 feet, whichever is greater;
B. 
For tower-based WCFs inside the public rights-of-way, and for all base stations, it increases the height of the facility by more than 10% or 10 feet, whichever is greater;
C. 
For tower-based WCFs outside of the public rights-of-way, it protrudes from the edge of the existing tower by more than 20 feet, or more than the width of the tower structure at the level of the appurtenance, whichever is greater;
D. 
For tower-based WCFs inside the public rights-of-way, and for all base stations, it protrudes from the edge of the existing tower, or wireless support structure, by more than six feet;
E. 
It involves installation of more than the standard number of new equipment cabinets for the technology involved, but not to exceed four cabinets;
F. 
It entails any excavation or deployment outside the current permitted area of the existing tower-based WCF or base station;
G. 
It would defeat the existing concealment elements of the tower or base station; or
H. 
It does not comply with conditions associated with the prior approval of construction or modification of the tower-based WCF or base station, unless the noncompliance is due to an increase in height, increase in width, addition of cabinets, or new excavation that does not exceed the corresponding "substantial change" thresholds.
SURFACE RUNOFF
That part of the precipitation that passes over the surface of the soil.
SWIMMING POOL
An enclosure designed to be filled with water, permanently constructed or portable, with sides having a depth of more than 24 inches below the level of the immediate surrounding grade, or an above-surface pool having a depth of more than 24 inches, designed, used, and maintained for swimming and recreation.
TAVERN or DRINKING ESTABLISHMENT
Any inn, tavern, restaurant, club or lodge in which alcoholic beverages are consumed on the premises.
TEMPORARY STRUCTURE
See "structure, temporary."
TENT (SIDEWALK) SALE
A temporary use accessory to a lawful commercial or industrial use or a rural occupation.
THREATENED AND ENDANGERED SPECIES
Those animal and plant species identified as a threatened or endangered species, as determined under: Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.; Wild Resources Conservation Act, 32 P.S. § 5301; Fish and Boat Code, 30 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq.; and Game and Wildlife Code, 34 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq. This also includes animal and plant species proposed for listing as endangered and threatened, pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.
TIMBER HARVESTING
The cutting, uprooting or removal of more than 20 trees of 12 inches or greater DBH from any area of woodland, whether accomplished in a single operation or in more than one operation over three or fewer years. The removal of trees pursuant to an approved subdivision or land development plan or landscape plan, the removal of dead or diseased trees, or invasive vegetation, and the cutting or removal of trees as part of a Christmas tree farming or nursery operation shall not be considered timber harvesting.
TIMBER HARVESTING OPERATOR
An individual, partnership, company, firm, association, or corporation engaged in timber harvesting, including the agents, subcontractors, and employees thereof.
TIMBER HARVESTING PLAN
A plan submitted in conformance with the provisions set forth in § 27-1029 which describes, by means of text and maps, proposed actions involving the removal of trees from a tract of land. Such plan shall have been prepared by a professional forester.
TOP OF BANK
The elevation at which rising waters begin to inundate the floodplain. In case of ambiguous, indefinite, or nonexistent floodplain or question regarding the location, the top of bank shall be the bankfull water elevation as delineated by a person trained in fluvial geomorphology. "Top of bank" shall be synonymous with "edge of water."
TOPSOIL
The organically enriched layer of soil nearest the soil surface, containing a large part of the nutrient and water supplies to support plant growth, extended in depth to the extent of the majority of plant roots.
TOWER-BASED WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (TOWER-BASED WCF)
Any structure that is used for the purpose of supporting one or more antennae, including, but not limited to, self-supporting lattice towers and monopoles. DAS hub facilities are considered to be tower-based WCFs.
TOWNHOUSE
See "dwelling unit."
TRACT
See definition of "lot." The term "tract" is frequently used when referring to an existing lot that is proposed to be developed or subdivided, but such term has no separate meaning from that of "lot."
TRACT, PARENT
A lot or tract of land subject to a subdivision plan, frequently used in distinguishing how bulk regulations apply to the original lot versus the proposed lots being created.
TRAIL
A right-of-way containing a marked or beaten path, either paved or unpaved, for pedestrians, equestrian or bicycle use.
TRAILER
A drawn vehicle, not self-propelled, which is permitted on the highways when properly licensed.
TRANSFERABLE DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS or TRANSFER OF DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS (TDR)
The attaching of development rights to specified lands which the Township desires to be kept undeveloped, but permitting those rights to be severed from those lands and held by the purchaser or transferred so that the development potential which they represent may occur on other lands where more intensive development is deemed to be appropriate.
A. 
The zoning district in which development rights may be severed from a lot and subsequently reserved, donated, or sold for use in the TDR receiving area. For the purposes of this Chapter, the A — Agricultural District and RC — Resource Conservation District.
B. 
The zoning districts in which an interested party may apply development rights, upon approval under the provisions of this Chapter, to a subdivision or land development proposal. For the purposes of this Chapter, the MUR — Mixed Use Residential District, the MUC — Mixed Use Commercial District, and the BI — Business Industrial District.
TREATMENT CENTER
A use (other than a prison) providing housing facilities for persons who need specialized housing, treatment, and/or counseling for stays of less than one year and who need such facilities because of:
A. 
Criminal rehabilitation, such as a criminal halfway house or a treatment/housing center for persons convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol.
B. 
Addiction to alcohol and/or a controlled substance.
C. 
A type of mental illness or other behavior that could cause a person to be a threat to the physical safety of others. (For housing of persons with other types of mental illness, see "group home.")
TREE CANOPY
The extent of coverage of the uppermost layers of leaves on a tree.
TREE DRIPLINE
See "dripline."
TREE PROTECTION ZONE
An area that is radial to the trunk of a tree, in which no construction activity, fill, grading or the storage of materials shall occur. The tree protection zone shall be 15 feet from the trunk of the tree to be retained or the distance from the trunk of the tree to two feet beyond the dripline, whichever is greater. Where there is a group of trees or woodlands, the tree protection zone shall be the aggregate of the protection zones for the individual trees.
TRUCK FUEL RETAIL SALES
Buildings and land, the principal use of which is the retail dispensing or sale of vehicular fuels for trucks, heavy equipment, or autos, and including as permissible accessory uses the sale of related truck or heavy equipment products and parts, the leasing of vehicles, and/or the sale of snack food and similar grocery products, and related convenience merchandise.
TRUCK SALES, SERVICE, AND REPAIR
Buildings and land, the principal use of which is the service, repair or rebuilding of trucks, recreational vehicles, farm or construction equipment and similar items, and including as a permissible accessory use the leasing or renting of vehicles.
TWIN
See "dwelling unit."
UNDERSTORY
The smaller vegetation (shrubs, seedlings, saplings, small trees) within a forest stand, occupying the vertical zone between the overstory and the herbaceous plants of the forest floor.
UNIFORM CONSTRUCTION CODE (UCC)
The statewide building code adopted by the Pennsylvania General Assembly in 1999 applicable to new construction in all municipalities whether administered by the municipality, a third party or the Department of Labor and Industry. Applicable to residential and commercial buildings, the Code adopted the International Residential Code (IRC) and the International Building Code (IBC), by reference, as the construction standard applicable with the commonwealth floodplain construction. For coordination purposes, references to the above are made specifically to various sections of the IRC and the IBC.
UPPER FLOOR DWELLING UNIT
One or more rooms within a building constituting an independent, self-contained dwelling unit containing separate kitchen and bath facilities for one family, physically separated from any other dwelling units, and located on the second floor or higher above either a separate commercial or institutional use located in the same structure.
USE
Any purpose for which a building or other structure or tract of land may be designed, arranged, intended, maintained, or occupied, or any activity or occupation carried on, or intended to be carried on, in a building or other structure or on a tract of land.
USE AND OCCUPANCY PERMIT
A permit issued by the Zoning Officer prior to the lawfully permitted use or change in use of any structure, building or the land thereon, in accordance with the terms of this Chapter.
USE, ACCESSORY
A use subordinate to the principal use of land or a building on a lot and customarily incidental thereto.
USE, CONDITIONAL
Certain specified uses which may be suitable in certain areas of a district and are allowed or denied by the Board of Supervisors after recommendation by the Planning Commission pursuant to the provisions of Part 13 of this Chapter.
USE, INDUSTRIAL
Manufacturing, distribution, warehousing, processing, or other operations of a similar nature.
USE, MUNICIPAL
A use conducted by Honey Brook Township or an authority established by or of which the Township is a member; this use does not include a school.
USE, NONCONFORMING
A use which does not comply with the applicable use provisions of this Chapter, but which was lawfully in existence prior to the enactment of this Chapter or a prior zoning ordinance.
USE, PERMITTED BY RIGHT
A use that does not require approval as a use by the Zoning Hearing Board or the Board of Supervisors.
USE, PRINCIPAL
The single dominant use or single main use on a lot.
USE, SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A use for which the Zoning Hearing Board may grant permission following a public hearing and findings of fact pursuant to the provisions of Part 14 of this Chapter, and provided the Zoning Hearing Board finds that the use complies with the conditions and standards required by this Chapter.
UTILITY FACILITY
See "Public service facilities."
VARIANCE
Relief granted from the terms of this Chapter, pursuant to the provisions of Part 14 of this Chapter and Articles VI and IX of the Municipalities Planning Code, 53 P.S. §§ 10601 et seq., 10901 et seq.
VEHICLE, COMMERCIAL
A single-bodied motor vehicle exceeding a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or having more than one rear axle; a trailer, tanker or other device a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or greater and designed to be towed behind a commercial vehicle.
VERTICAL AXIS TURBINE
See "wind energy system."
VETERINARY CLINIC
A medical facility specializing in the treatment of injury or disease afflicting animals, especially domestic animals and household pets, and the boarding of animals is limited to short-term care incidental to the hospital use. Such use may accommodate the boarding of animals that are not patients. Such use may not accommodate the breeding of animals.
WALKWAY, PUBLIC
Any place designed or maintained for public pedestrian use, without regard to ownership.
WALL, OUTDOOR
See definition of "fence or wall."
WAREHOUSE
A building used for the temporary storage of goods and materials, generally for subsequent distribution to other locations and not involving retail activities.
WATER BODY
Any natural or man-made pond, lake, wetland, impoundment, or watercourse. This shall not include any pond or facility designed and constructed solely to contain stormwater, or a swimming pool.
WATER RESOURCES, COMMERCIAL USE OF
The use of naturally occurring water when: (A) 5,000 gallons or more of such water is used on site per day; or (B) 5,000 gallons or more of such water is transported for use off site. "Naturally occurring water" shall mean any and all water above and below the ground surface.
A. 
A safe, healthful, and adequate supply of water to a single user from a private well or spring located on the land of the user.
B. 
A system for supplying water from a common source or sources to all dwellings and other buildings within a development. Such system shall comply fully with all applicable requirements of the commonwealth. The water supply source may be located on-site and/or off-site. A central system can be further described as either of the following:
(1) 
A system which is owned by a public utility or municipality which has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily for at least 60 days per year. The term includes: (a) any collection, treatment, storage, and distribution facilities that are under the control of the operator and used in connection with the system; (b) collection or pretreatment storage facilities not under control of the operator but which are used in connection with the system; (c) a system which provides water for bottling or bulk hauling for human consumption.
(2) 
A system which is owned by a municipality, a public company, or a private company and which serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents.
WATERCOURSE
Any channel of conveyance of surface water having a defined bed and banks, such as a stream, river, brook, or creek, whether natural or artificial, with perennial, intermittent or seasonal flow. This shall not include any channel or ditch designed and constructed solely to carry stormwater.
WETLAND or WETLANDS
Those areas inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances, do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, including swamps, marshes, bogs, ponds, lakes, and similar areas. Wetlands shall include any area so delineated by the National Wetlands Inventory of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and all lands regulated as wetlands by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) or the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (ACE). In the event there is a conflict between the definitions of these agencies, the more restrictive definition that defines the wetlands most expansively shall apply.
WHOLESALE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE AUCTIONS
A use of land and buildings by individual farmers and growers' cooperatives to display, market, and sell, through the help of a professional auctioneer, agricultural produce and other nonperishable products grown or made on area farms to wholesale buyers that transport purchased products throughout the region or to neighboring states. Such auctions do not involve sales of farm products directly to the consumer.
WHOLESALE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE SALES
The processing, treating, packaging, transporting or storing of agricultural and dairy products, but excluding auctions.
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION
The processing of materials so as to sort out which finished goods are to be transported to different locations and the loading and unloading of such goods. This use usually involves inventory control, material handling, order administration, packaging, and transportation; trucking terminal.
WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
A use characterized by the preservation or restoration of a lot in a natural state to promote and protect wildlife. A wildlife sanctuary may have accessory structures, to include parking areas, designed to allow accessibility to humans and to provide for incidental educational purposes. Any building erected for human habitation shall meet the requirements for a single-family detached dwelling in the zoning district in which it is located.
WIND ENERGY SYSTEM
An energy conversion system, typically consisting of a wind turbine, a tower, blades and associated controls and appurtenances (including electrical infrastructure and transmission lines), that convert wind energy to a usable form of energy to meet all or part of the energy requirements of the on-site user, and/or which is to be sold to a utility company to be used by others, and/or sold directly to other users. Wind energy systems include windmills where the energy is used directly and not converted into electricity.
WIND ENERGY SYSTEM HEIGHT
The distance measured from the ground surface of the wind energy system tower base to the highest point of the extended blade tip or the highest point of the wind energy system.
WINERY
A bonded winery facility comprising the building or buildings used to convert fruit juices (all or part of which are produced on the property) to wine, and to age, bottle, store, distribute and sell said wine. A winery, for the purposes of this Section, includes crushing, fermenting and re-fermenting, bottling, blending, bulk and bottle storage, aging, shipping, receiving, laboratory equipment and maintenance facilities, sales, and administrative office functions, and may include tasting and promotional events.
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
Transmissions through the airwaves including, but not limited to, infrared line of sight, cellular, PCS, microwave, satellite, or radio signals.
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (WCF)
The antennae, nodes, control boxes, towers, poles, conduits, ducts, pedestals, electronics and other equipment used for the purpose of transmitting, receiving, distributing, providing, or accommodating wireless communications services. Not included are noncommercial antennas and towers (as defined).
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY APPLICANT (WCF APPLICANT)
Any person that applies for a wireless communications facility building permit, zoning approval and/or permission to use the public ROW or other Township-owned land or property.
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY, HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the base of a wireless communications facility support structure at the undisturbed grade to the highest point of the structure. If the wireless communications facility support structure is on a sloped grade, the average between the highest and lowest grades shall be used in calculating the height.
WIRELESS SUPPORT STRUCTURE
A freestanding structure, such as a tower-based wireless communications facility or any other support structure that could support the placement or installation of a wireless communications facility if approved by the Township.
WOLF TREE
A large branchy tree that occupies more space in the forest than similar trees of the same diameter. Wolf trees may have high wildlife and aesthetic value but little, if any, timber value.
WOODLAND
A plant community covering an area of one acre or more, in which tree species are dominant or codominant and the branches of the trees form a complete, or nearly complete aerial canopy. The extent of any woodland plant community or any part thereof shall be measured from the outermost dripline of all the trees in such plant community. Woodland shall include any area where timber has been harvested within the previous three years and/or woodland disturbance has occurred within the previous three years which would have met the definition of woodland prior to timbering or disturbance. Woodlands do not include orchards or old fields. A woodland may also be termed a "forest."
A. 
Any activity which alters the existing structure of a woodland. Alterations include the cutting or removal of canopy trees, subcanopy trees, understory shrubs and vines, woody and herbaceous woodland floor species as well as the removal of humus or duff from the ground;
B. 
Any activity which constitutes a land disturbance (exposes soils, alters topography) within a woodland;
C. 
Woodland disturbance does not include the following:
(1) 
Removal of vegetation which creates hazardous condition(s); nor
(2) 
Selective cutting or removal of invasive vegetation. Where woodland disturbance is regulated as timber harvesting, such operation shall not be separately regulated as woodland disturbance.
WORKFORCE HOUSING
Generally, housing that is affordable to working households that do not qualify for publicly subsidized housing, but that cannot afford appropriate market-rate housing in their community. Specifically, workforce housing is that which is affordable to working households between 81% and 120% of area medium income. Using Honey Brook Township's median household income from the 2012-2016 ACS Estimates of $60,490, the range would be between $48,392 and $72,588.
YARD
An open space on the same lot with a building or group of buildings measured from specified lot lines which restricts the locations of buildings and structures and which is required to be unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward, except as herein permitted.
YARD LINE
A line drawn parallel to the corresponding lot line at a distance specified for the required depth of yard in each respective case.
YARD, FRONT
An area between and parallel to the building setback line and the street line from which the lot has access or which abuts the lot, and extending the entire width of the lot along the front lot line at a specified distance from such front lot line. Also see "building setback line." In the case of a corner lot, see "corner lot."
YARD, REAR
An area extending the entire width of the lot along the rear lot line at a specified distance from such rear lot line.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending from the front yard to the rear yard measured parallel to each side lot line.
ZONING DISTRICT
The basic system of zoning, which, under this Chapter, as amended, divides all land in the Township into separate, distinct zones, and sets limits and requirements for land use in each of these zones. These zones are a geographically definable area possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings, structures, or objects for the purpose of establishing zoning regulations.
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Zoning Hearing Board of Honey Brook Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.
ZONING MAP
A map of Honey Brook Township indicating the location of boundaries for each zoning district.
ZONING OFFICER
The Township officer charged with enforcing the literal terms of this Chapter, and the representative agent of the Zoning Hearing Board.
ZONING ORDINANCE
The Zoning Ordinance of Honey Brook Township, as adopted and amended from time to time. For the purposes of this Chapter, the words "this Chapter" shall refer to the Zoning Ordinance of Honey Brook Township, as adopted and amended from time to time.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 22, Subdivision and Land Development.