City of New Rochelle, NY
Westchester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the City of New Rochelle 6-21-2016 by Res. No. 143-2016. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Coastal erosion hazard areas — See Ch. 127.
Harbor management — See Ch. 168.
Zoning — See Ch. 331.

§ 320-1 Title.

This chapter will be known as the "City of New Rochelle Waterfront Consistency Review Law."

§ 320-2 Statutory authority; purpose and intent; applicability, purpose.

A. 
This chapter is adopted under the authority of the Municipal Home Rule Law and the Waterfront Revitalization of Coastal Areas and Inland Waterways Act of the State of New York (Article 42 of the Executive Law).
B. 
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework for the agencies of the City of New Rochelle to consider the policies and purposes contained in the City of New Rochelle Local Waterfront Revitalization Program (LWRP) when reviewing applications for actions or direct agency actions located in the waterfront area; and to assure that such actions and direct actions are consistent with the said LWRP policies and purposes.
C. 
It is the intention of the City of New Rochelle that the preservation, enhancement and utilization of the unique waterfront area of the City of New Rochelle take place in a coordinated and comprehensive manner to ensure a proper balance between protection of natural resources and the need to accommodate limited population growth and economic development. Accordingly, this chapter is intended to achieve such a balance, permitting the beneficial use of waterfront resources while preventing: loss and degradation of living waterfront resources and wildlife; diminution of open space areas or public access to the waterfront; disruption of natural waterfront processes; impairment of scenic, cultural or historical resources; losses due to flooding, erosion and sedimentation; impairment of water quality; or permanent adverse changes to ecological systems.
D. 
The substantive provisions of this chapter shall only apply while there is in existence a City of New Rochelle Local Waterfront Revitalization Program, which has been adopted in accordance with Article 42 of the Executive Law of the State of New York.

§ 320-3 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACTIONS
Either Type I or unlisted actions as defined in SEQRA regulations (6 NYCRR 617.2) which are undertaken by an agency and which include:
A. 
Projects or physical activities, such as construction or any other activities that may affect the natural or man-made environment by changing the use, appearance or condition of any resource or structure, that:
(1) 
Are directly undertaken by an agency; or
(2) 
Involve funding by an agency; or
(3) 
Require one or more new or modified approvals, permits, or review from an agency or agencies.
B. 
Agency planning and policymaking activities that may affect the environment and commit the agency to a definite course of future decisions;
C. 
Adoption of agency rules, regulations and procedures, including resolutions, codes, ordinances, executive orders and resolutions that may affect waterfront resources or the environment; and
D. 
Any combination of the above.
AGENCY
Any board, agency, department, office, other body, or officer of the City of New Rochelle.
COASTAL AREA
That portion of New York State coastal waters and adjacent shorelands as defined in Article 42 of the Executive Law which is located within the boundaries of the City of New Rochelle as shown on the coastal area map on file in the office of the Secretary of State and as delineated in the City of New Rochelle Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.
CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
The Building Inspector and/or Code Enforcement Officer of the City of New Rochelle.
CONSISTENT
That the action complies with the LWRP policy standards, conditions and objectives and, whenever practicable, will advance one or more of them.
DIRECT ACTIONS
Actions planned and proposed for implementation by an applicant or agency, such as, but not limited to, a capital project, rule making, procedure making and policy making.
ENVIRONMENT
All conditions, circumstances and influences surrounding and affecting the development of living organisms or other resources in the waterfront area.
LOCAL WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION PROGRAM or LWRP
The Local Waterfront Revitalization Program adopted by the City of New Rochelle and approved by the Secretary of State pursuant to the Waterfront Revitalization of Coastal Areas and Inland Waterways Act (Executive Law, Article 42).
MINOR ACTIONS
Includes the following actions, which are not subject to review under this chapter:
A. 
Maintenance or repair involving no substantial changes in an existing structure or facility.
B. 
Replacement, rehabilitation or reconstruction of a structure or facility, in kind, on the same site, including upgrading buildings to meet building or fire codes, except for structures in areas designated by the Coastal Erosion Hazard Area (CEHA) Law where structures may not be replaced, rehabilitated or reconstructed without a permit.
C. 
Repaving or widening of existing paved highways not involving the addition of new travel lanes.
D. 
Street openings and right-of-way openings for the purpose of repair or maintenance of existing utility facilities.
E. 
Maintenance of existing landscaping or natural growth, except where threatened or endangered species of plants or animals are affected, or within locally significant habitat areas.
F. 
Granting of individual setback and lot-line variances, except in relation to a regulated natural feature or a bulkhead or other shoreline defense structure or any activity within the CEHA.
G. 
Minor temporary uses of land having negligible or no permanent impact on waterfront resources or the environment.
H. 
Installation of traffic control devices on existing streets, roads and highways.
I. 
Mapping of existing roads, streets, highways, natural resources, land uses and ownership patterns.
J. 
Information collection, including basic data collection and research, water quality and pollution studies, traffic counts, engineering studies, surveys, subsurface investigations and soils studies that do not commit the agency to undertake, fund or approve any action.
K. 
Official acts of a ministerial nature involving no exercise of discretion, including a building permit where issuance is predicated solely on the applicant's compliance or noncompliance with the relevant local building code.
L. 
Routine or continuing agency administration and management, not including new programs or major reordering of priorities that may affect the environment.
M. 
Conducting concurrent environmental, engineering, economic, feasibility and other studies and preliminary planning and budgetary processes necessary to the formulation of a proposal for action, provided that those activities do not commit the agency to commence, engage in or approve such action.
N. 
Collective bargaining activities.
O. 
Investments by or on behalf of agencies or pension or retirement systems, or refinancing existing debt.
P. 
Inspections and licensing activities relating to the qualifications of individuals or businesses to engage in their business or profession.
Q. 
Purchase or sale of furnishings, equipment or supplies, including surplus government property, other than the following: land, radioactive material, pesticides, herbicides, storage of road de-icing substances, or other hazardous materials.
R. 
Adoption of regulations, policies, procedures and local legislative decisions in connection with any action on this list.
S. 
Engaging in review of any part of an application to determine compliance with technical requirements, provided that no such determination entitles or permits the project sponsor to commence the action unless and until all requirements of this chapter have been fulfilled.
T. 
Civil or criminal enforcement proceedings, whether administrative or judicial, including a particular course of action specifically required to be undertaken pursuant to a judgment or order, or the exercise of prosecutorial discretion.
U. 
Adoption of a moratorium on land development or construction.
V. 
Interpreting an existing code, rule or regulation.
W. 
Designation of local landmarks or their inclusion within historic districts.
X. 
Emergency actions that are immediately necessary on a limited and temporary basis for the protection or preservation of life, health, property or natural resources, provided that such actions are directly related to the emergency and are performed to cause the least change or disturbance, practicable under the circumstances to waterfront resources or the environment. Any decision to fund, approve or directly undertake other activities after the emergency has expired is fully subject to the review procedures of this chapter.
Y. 
Local legislative decisions such as rezoning where the Council of the City of New Rochelle determines the action will not be considered for approval.
WATERFRONT AREA
The Waterfront Revitalization Area delineated in the City of New Rochelle's Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.
WATERFRONT ASSESSMENT FORM (WAF)
The form used by an agency to assist in determining the consistency of an action with the Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.

§ 320-4 Coordination of review.

A. 
The Council of the City of New Rochelle shall be responsible for coordinating review of actions in the City of New Rochelle waterfront area for consistency with the LWRP, and will advise, assist and make consistency recommendations to other City of New Rochelle agencies in the implementation of the LWRP, its policies and projects, including physical, legislative, regulatory, administrative and other actions included in the program.
B. 
The Council of the City of New Rochelle shall coordinate with the New York State Department of State regarding consistency review of actions by federal agencies and with state agencies regarding consistency review of their actions.
C. 
The Council of the City of New Rochelle shall make applications for funding from state, federal, or other sources to finance projects under the LWRP.
D. 
The Council of the City of New Rochelle shall perform other functions regarding the waterfront area and direct such actions or projects as the City Council of the City of New Rochelle may deem appropriate to implement the LWRP.

§ 320-5 Review of actions.

A. 
Prior to approving, funding or undertaking a proposed action located within the City of New Rochelle, each City agency shall determine whether the action is consistent or not consistent with the LWRP policy standards summarized in Subsection H herein. No action in the waterfront area shall be approved, funded or undertaken by the designated agency without a determination regarding consistency.
B. 
Whenever a City agency receives an application for approval or funding of an action, or as early as possible in the agency's formulation of a direct action to be located in the waterfront area, the agency shall refer a copy of the completed WAF to the Planning Board within 10 days of its receipt and prior to making its determination, shall consider the recommendation of the Planning Board with reference to the consistency of the proposed action.
C. 
Planning Board action.
(1) 
After referral from an agency, the Planning Board shall consider whether the proposed action is consistent with the LWRP policy standards set forth in Subsection H herein. The Planning Board shall require the applicant to submit all completed applications, WAFs, EAFs, and any other information deemed necessary to its consistency recommendation.
(2) 
The Planning Board shall render its written recommendation to the agency within 30 days following referral of the WAF from the agency. The Planning Board recommendation shall indicate whether the proposed action is consistent with or inconsistent with one or more of the LWRP policy standards and shall elaborate in writing the basis for its opinion. The Planning Board shall, along with a consistency recommendation, make any suggestions to the agency concerning modification of the proposed action, including the imposition of conditions, to make it consistent with LWRP policy standards or to greater advance them.
(3) 
In the event that the Planning Board's recommendation is not forthcoming within the specified time, the agency shall make its consistency decision without the benefit of the Planning Board's recommendation.
D. 
If an action requires approval of more than one City agency, decisionmaking will be coordinated between the agencies to determine which agency will conduct the final consistency review, and that agency will thereafter act as designated consistency review agency. Only one WAF per action will be prepared. If the agencies cannot agree, the City Council of the City of New Rochelle shall designate the consistency review agency.
E. 
Decision of agency; variance applications.
(1) 
Upon receipt of the Council of the City of New Rochelle's recommendation, the agency shall consider whether the proposed action is consistent with the LWRP policy standards summarized in Subsection H herein. The agency shall consider the consistency recommendation of the Council of the City of New Rochelle, the WAF and other relevant information in making its written determination of consistency. No approval or decision shall be rendered for an action in the waterfront area without a written determination of consistency having first been rendered by a City agency.
(2) 
The Zoning Board of Appeals is the designated agency for the determination of consistency for variance applications subject to this chapter. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall consider the written consistency recommendation of the Council of the City of New Rochelle in the event and at the time it makes a decision to grant such a variance and shall impose appropriate conditions on the variance to make the activity consistent with the objectives of this chapter.
F. 
Where an environmental impact statement (EIS) is being prepared or required, the draft EIS must identify applicable LWRP policy standards in Subsection H and include a discussion of the effects of the proposed action on such policy standards.
G. 
In the event the Planning Board's recommendation is that the action is inconsistent with the LWRP, and the agency makes a contrary determination of consistency, the agency shall elaborate in writing the basis for its disagreement with the recommendation and state the manner and extent to which the action is consistent with the LWRP policy standards.
H. 
Actions to be undertaken within the waterfront area shall be evaluated for consistency in accordance with the following summary of LWRP policy standards (for the 13 policies), which are derived from and further explained and described in Section III, Policies, of the City of New Rochelle LWRP, a copy of which is on file in the City Clerk's office and available for inspection during normal business hours. Agencies which undertake direct actions must also consult with Section IV in making their consistency determination. The action must be consistent with the policies to (include just the standards that apply to this LWRP):
(1) 
Foster a pattern of development in the waterfront area that enhances community character, preserves open space, makes efficient use of infrastructure, makes beneficial use of a waterfront location, and minimizes adverse effects of development (Policy 1);
(2) 
Preserve historic resources in the waterfront area (Policy 2);
(3) 
Enhance visual quality and protect scenic resources in the waterfront area (Policy 3);
(4) 
Minimize loss of life, structures, and natural resources from flooding and erosion (Policy 4);
(5) 
Protect and improve water quality and supply in the waterfront area (Policy 5);
(6) 
Protect and restore the quality and function of the waterfront area ecosystem (Policy 6);
(7) 
Protect and improve air quality in the waterfront area (Policy 7);
(8) 
Minimize environmental degradation in the waterfront area from solid waste and hazardous substances and wastes (Policy 8);
(9) 
Provide for public access to, and recreational use of, waterfront waters, public lands, and public resources of the waterfront area (Policy 9);
(10) 
Protect water-dependent uses and promote siting of new water-dependent uses in suitable locations (Policy 10);
(11) 
Promote sustainable use of living marine resources in the waterfront area (Policy 11);
(12) 
Protect agricultural lands in the waterfront area (Policy 12);
(13) 
Promote appropriate use and development of energy and mineral resources (Policy 13).
I. 
Each agency shall maintain a file for each action made the subject of a consistency determination, including any recommendations received from the Planning Board. Such files shall be made available for public inspection upon request.

§ 320-6 Enforcement.

No action within the City of New Rochelle waterfront area which is subject to review under this chapter shall proceed until a written determination has been issued from the designated City agency that the action is consistent with the City of New Rochelle LWRP policy standards. In the event that an activity is being performed in violation of this chapter or any conditions imposed thereunder, the City of New Rochelle Code Enforcement Officer or any other authorized official of the City of New Rochelle shall issue a stop-work order and all work shall immediately cease. No further work or activity shall be undertaken on the project so long as a stop-work order is in effect. The City of New Rochelle Attorney, Code Enforcement Officer and Police Department shall be responsible for enforcing this chapter.

§ 320-7 Penalties for offenses.

A. 
A person who violates any of the provisions of, or who fails to comply with any condition imposed by, this chapter shall have committed a violation, punishable by a fine not exceeding $250 for a conviction of a first offense and punishable by a fine of $500 for a conviction of a second or subsequent offense. For the purpose of conferring jurisdiction upon courts and judicial officers, each week of continuing violation shall constitute a separate additional violation.
B. 
The City of New Rochelle is authorized and directed to institute any and all actions and proceedings necessary to enforce this resolution. Any civil penalty shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any criminal prosecution and penalty.