[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Meeting of the Town of Casco 1-11-1997 by Art. 3. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 210.
The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate the rapid location of properties by law enforcement, fire, rescue, and emergency medical services personnel in the Town of Casco.
This chapter is adopted pursuant to and consistent with the municipal home rule powers as provided for in Article VIII, Part 2, Section 1, of the Constitution of the State of Maine and 30-A M.R.S.A. § 3001. It does not apply to roads and structures contained within the boundaries of state parks or other state property.
This chapter shall be implemented by the Town of Casco Enhanced 911 Committee which is authorized to and shall cause road names and numbers to be assigned to all properties on existing roads in accordance with the criteria in §§ 134-4 and 134-5. The Enhanced 911 Committee will act to acquire the following products in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Maintenance of the products shall then become the responsibility of the Town.
A Casco map for official use showing road names and numbering intervals. (The Committee is responsible for providing all the necessary information to the state which will produce the actual map at no cost to the Town.)
A database system in which to store all the roads, property owner names, tenant names, new street addresses, Tax Map numbers, plot numbers, and any additional information deemed necessary by the Enhanced 911 Committee. The system must be designed to facilitate annual re-validation of the data.
All roads that serve one or more properties shall be named regardless of whether the road ownership is public or private. Driveways will not be named.
"Road" refers to any highway, road, street, avenue, lane, private way, or similar paved gravel or dirt thoroughfare.
"Driveway" refers to any access road to private property that is wholly contained within the boundaries of that property.
"Property" refers to any land parcel on which a more or less permanent structure has been erected or could be placed.
A road name assigned by the Town of Casco shall not constitute or imply acceptance of the road as a public way. Responsibility for installation and maintenance of signs for private roads will not be accepted by the Town. The Town will, however, install and maintain one sign to be placed at the point at which each public way intersects with a private road.
Current names will not be changed unless they are classified as prohibited. Whenever practical, names for roads will be selected by the residents and property owners associated with the road when the road does not currently have an acceptable name.
The following criteria shall govern the naming system:
No two roads shall be given the same name or similar names (e.g., no Pine Road and Pine Lane). If duplication is found in existing road names, precedence shall be accorded the road which has held the name longest or (in case of a tie) the one which has the greater number of abutting developed properties. Conflicts will be resolved by the Selectboard which shall have uncontestable authority in this matter.
No two roads should have similar sounding names (e.g., Beech Street and Peach Street). Determination of this shall be the responsibility of the Selectboard.
Each road shall have the same name through its entire length. Determination of the start and stop points for each existing road is the responsibility of the Selectboard during the initial implementation of this chapter, based upon guidelines furnished by the state. The Planning Board will make the determination for roads developed as part of new subdivisions or other new development thereafter.
Although the Selectboard is empowered to assign road names, first consideration will normally be given to the name selected by the majority of the owners whose property abuts the road when the response can be obtained in a timely manner. During the implementation of this chapter, conflicts will be resolved by the Selectboard which will have uncontestable authority in this matter; thereafter, resolution authority shall rest with the Code Enforcement Officer.
Road names are restricted to a total of 30 characters and spaces and should include a word from the following list. Abbreviations on road signs must follow the standard shown in [brackets] (customary definition of each road type is indicated but is not intended to restrict selection for any road):
Avenue [AV] (usually a thoroughfare running principally in a north-south direction).
Circle [CIR] (short road that returns to itself; circular or semicircular roads).
Court [CT] (permanently closed road such as a cul-de-sac, dead-end road, usually under 1,000 feet in length, or a horseshoe-shaped road).
Drive [DR] (fire road or private road).
Lane [LN] (fire road or private road).
Loop [LOOP] (short drive that begins and ends on the same intersecting road).
Road [RD] (usually a secondary thoroughfare).
Street [ST] (usually found in downtown or more congested areas; runs principally in an east-west direction).
The entrance road to mobile home parks will be assigned a name which it will bear for the entire distance throughout the park. The operator of the park is responsible for naming all other roads wholly contained within the park, posting street/road name signs, and numbering each lot or assigned space in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
Names shall not contain hyphens, apostrophes, or nonalphabetic characters.
No obscenities or profanities shall appear in any road name.
Numbers shall be assigned in accordance with the numbering interval specified on the official Casco map for the associated road, along both sides of the road, with even numbers appearing on the left side of the road and odd numbers appearing on the right side of the road, as determined by the number origin. The Planning Board will establish the interval to be used for new roads which are part of a proposed subdivision. The Code Enforcement Officer will determine other cases prior to issuing a building permit, which will reflect the correct address as part of the authorization to construct a building.
The following criteria shall govern the numbering system:
Roosevelt Trail (Route 302) numbering interval shall increase from east to west commencing with the number "1." Roads intersecting Roosevelt Trail shall be numbered beginning with "1" from the road's intersection with Roosevelt Trail, with numbers increasing as they move away from Roosevelt Trail. Numbering for all roads shall begin with "1" at the end of the road which falls closest to Roosevelt Trail (Route 302). For dead-end roads, numbering shall originate at the intersection of the adjacent road and terminate at the dead end.
The number assigned to each structure shall be that of the numbering interval falling closest to the front door. If the front door cannot be seen from the main road, the number shall be that of the interval falling closest to the driveway or access walkway to said structure. If multiple residents/habitable buildings share the same driveway, they shall be treated in the same manner as duplexes [Subsection B(3) below].
Every structure with more than one principal use or occupancy shall have a separate number for each use or occupancy. Duplexes will have two separate numbers, without any suffix; apartments, motels, and cabin complexes will have one road address number with a unit number, such as 2325 Maple Street, Apt. (or Unit) 2. In no case will suffixes to number be used (e.g., there cannot be a 123A or 123B address used for any building).
The entrance road to campgrounds will be assigned one road address number, and the operator of the campground will be responsible for assigning site numbers and posting signs or taking other steps to guide emergency vehicles to destinations.
All owners of structures shall, by the date stipulated in § 134-8, display and maintain in a conspicuous place on said structure the assigned numbers in the following manner:
Numbers on the structure or residence. Where the residence or structure is within 50 feet of the edge of the road right-or-way and can be seen from the road, the assigned number may be displayed on the front of the residence or structure near the front door or entry, or at the street line.
Number at the street line. Where the residence or structure is over 50 feet from the edge of the road right-of-way or cannot be seen from the road, the assigned number shall be displayed on a post, fence, wall, mailbox, or on some structure at the property line next to the walkway or access drive to the residence or structure.
Size and color of numbers. Numbers shall be located to be visible from the road. Minimum size for the numbers shall be four inches high by three inches wide. The color of the numbers shall contrast the mounting background in a manner which allows the numbers to be read from the road. Reflectorized numbers are recommended.
Every person whose duty it is to display the assigned number shall remove any different number that might be mistaken for, or confused with, the number assigned in conformance with this chapter.
Interior location. All residents and other occupants are advised to post the assigned number and road name next to their telephone for emergency reference.
Road name signs will be installed and maintained by the Town at necessary points on all roadways that are maintained by the Town or the state (except internal roads within state parks and other similar areas) and at the intersection of those roads with all other roads or traveled ways within the geographical limits of the Town. Existing fire lane number signs will remain in place, along with the new road name sign, for a period of at least one year after the effective date of this chapter.
All new construction and subdivisions shall be named and numbered in accordance with the provisions of this chapter as follows:
New construction. Whenever any residence or other structure is constructed or developed, it shall be the duty of the owner to obtain an assigned address from the Code Enforcement Officer. This shall be done at the time of the issuance of the building permit.
New subdivisions. Any prospective subdivider shall show a proposed road name and lot numbering system on the preapplication submission to the Planning Board. Approval by the Planning Board, after consultation with the Code Enforcement Officer, shall constitute the assignment of road names and numbers to the lots in the subdivision. On the final plan showing proposed roads, the applicant shall mark on the plan lines or dots in the center of the streets at an interval to be set by the Code Enforcement Officer to aid in assignment of numbers to structures subsequently constructed.
This chapter shall become effective as of January 11, 1997. It shall be the duty of the Town to notify by mail each property owner and the Casco and South Casco Post Office of a new address at least 30 days before the effective date of its use. It shall be the duty of each property owner to comply with this chapter, including the posting of new property numbers, within 30 days following notification of the new address. On new structures, numbering will be installed before final inspection or when the structure is first used or occupied, whichever comes first.
Violation of this chapter shall be a civil violation. The person or persons committing the violation shall be liable for a civil penalty of $2 per day for each and every day on which the violation occurs. Enforcement shall be the responsibility of the Code Enforcement Officer.