Village of Oakwood, IL
Vermilion County
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Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
ADMINISTRATOR
The Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
APPROVING AUTHORITY
The superintendent of the sewer works.
BASIC USER CHARGE
The basic assessment levied on all users of the public sewer system.
BOD (DENOTING BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in milligrams per liter.
BUILDING DRAIN
That part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer or other approved point of discharge, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER
The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
CLARIFICATION OF WORD USAGE
Shall is mandatory; "may" is permissible.
COMBINED SEWER
A sewer which is designed and intended to receive wastewater, stormwater, surface water and groundwater drainage.
CONTROL MANHOLE
A structure located on a site from which industrial wastes are discharged. Where feasible, the manhole shall have an interior drop. The purpose of a control manhole is to provide access for the Village representative to sample and/or measure discharges.
DEBT SERVICE CHARGE
The amount to be paid each billing period for payment of interest, principal and coverage of loan, bond, etc., outstanding and shall be computed by dividing the annual debt service by the number of users connected to the wastewater facilities.
DIRECTOR
The Director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
EASEMENT
An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
EFFLUENT CRITERIA
Are defined in any applicable NPDES permit.
FEDERAL ACT
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.), as amended by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of Amendments of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-500) and 1974 (Pub. L. 93-243).
FEDERAL GRANT
The United States government participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by Title II, Grants for Construction of Treatment Works, of the Acts and Implementing Regulations.
FLOATABLE OIL
Oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. Wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
GARBAGE
Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
INDUSTRIAL USER
Any nongovernmental user of publicly owned treatment works identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented, under the following divisions:
A. 
Division A: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing.
B. 
Division B: Mining.
C. 
Division D: Manufacturing.
D. 
Division E: Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas and Sanitary Services.
E. 
Division I: Services.
A user in the divisions listed may be excluded if it is determined by the Superintendent that it will introduce primarily segregated domestic wastes or wastes from sanitary conveniences.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE
Any solid, liquid or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, commercial or business establishment or process or from the development, recovery or processing of any natural resource, as distinct from sanitary sewage.
MAJOR CONTRIBUTING INDUSTRY
An industrial user of the publicly owned treatment works that:
A. 
Has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day; or
B. 
Has a flow greater than 10% of the flow carried by the municipal system receiving the waste; or
C. 
Has, in its waste, a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under Section 307(a) of the federal act; or
D. 
Is found by the permit issuing authority, in connection with the issuance of the NPDES permit to the publicly owned treatment works receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on that treatment works or upon the quality of effluent from that treatment works.
MILLIGRAMS PER LITER
A unit of the concentration of water or wastewater constituent. It is 0.001 gram of the constituent in 1,000 milliliters of water. It has replaced the unit formerly used commonly, parts per million, to which it is approximately equivalent, in reporting the results of water and wastewater analysis.
NATURAL OUTLET
Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface water or groundwater.
NPDES PERMIT
Any permit or equivalent document or requirements issued by the Administrator, or, where appropriated by the Director, after enactment of the Federal Water Pollution Control Amendments of 1972, to regulate the discharge of pollutants pursuant to Section 402 of the federal act.
ORDINANCE
The ordinance codified in this chapter.
PERSON
Any and all persons, natural or artificial, including any individual, firm, company, municipal, or private corporation, association, society, institution, enterprise, government agency or other entity.
pH
The logarithm (base 10) of the reciprocal of the hydrogen-ion concentration expressed by one of the procedures outlined in Standard Methods.
POPULATION EQUIVALENT
A term used to evaluate the impact of industrial or other waste on a treatment works or stream. One population equivalent is 100 gallons of sewage per day, containing 0.17 pound of BOD and 0.20 pound of suspended solids.
PPM
Parts per million by weight.
PRETREATMENT
The treatment of wastewaters from sources before introduction into the wastewater treatment works.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
PUBLIC SEWER
A sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the Village. It also includes sewers within or outside the Village boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the Village sanitary (or combined sewer system), even though those sewers may not have been constructed with Village funds.
REPLACEMENT
Expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the service life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed. "Operation and maintenance" includes replacement.
RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL USER OR NONINDUSTRIAL USER
Any user of the treatment works not classified as an industrial user or excluded as an industrial user as provided for in this section.
SANITARY SEWER
A sewer that conveys sewage or industrial wastes or a combination of both, and into which storm, surface, and groundwaters or unpolluted industrial wastes are not intentionally admitted.
SEWAGE
Used interchangeably with "wastewater."
SEWER
A pipe or conduit for conveying sewage or any other waste liquids, including stormwater, surface water and groundwater drainage.
SEWERAGE
The system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation and pumping of sewage.
SEWERAGE FUND
The principal accounting designation for all revenues received in the operation of the sewerage system.
SLUG
Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
STANDARD METHODS
The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the most recent edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.[1]
STATE ACT
The Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act of 1970 (30 ILCS 405/1 et seq.).
STATE GRANT
The State of Illinois participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by the Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act (30 ILCS 405/1 et seq.) and for making such grants as filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Illinois.
STORM SEWER
A sewer which is designed and intended to receive wastewater, stormwater, surface water and groundwater drainage.
STORMWATER RUNOFF
That portion of the precipitation that is drained into the sewers.[2]
SUSPENDED SOLIDS
Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage, or industrial waste, and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device. Quantitative determination of suspended solids shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods.
UNPOLLUTED WATER
Water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect, or water that would not cause a violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
USEFUL LIFE
The estimated period during which the collection system and/or treatment works will be operated and shall be 20 years from the date of start-up of any wastewater facilities constructed with a state grant.
USER CHARGE
A charge levied on users of treatment works for the cost of operation and maintenance.
USER CLASS
The type of user; either "residential or commercial" (nonindustrial) or "industrial" as defined in this section.
VILLAGE
The Village of Oakwood, Illinois.
WASTEWATER
The spent water of a community. From this standpoint, of course, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present.
WASTEWATER FACILITIES
The structures, equipment and processes required to collect, carry away, and treat domestic and industrial wastes and transport effluent to a watercourse.
WASTEWATER SERVICE CHARGE
The charge per quarter or month levied on all users of the wastewater facilities. The service charge shall be computed as outlined in Article X, and shall consist of the total or the basic user charge, the debt service charge and a surcharge, if applicable.
WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS
An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "wastewater treatment plant" or "pollution control plant."
WATER QUALITY STANDARDS
Are defined in the Water Pollution Regulations of Illinois.
WATERCOURSE
A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
[1]
Editor's Note: Now the "Water Environment Federation."
[2]
Editor's Note: The definition of "surcharge," which immediately followed this definition, was repealed at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
It is unlawful for any person to place, deposit, or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the Village, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Village, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
It is unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the Village, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Village, any sewage or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this chapter.
Except as provided by this chapter, it is unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purposes situated within the Village, and abutting any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located any public sanitary sewer of the Village, is required at his expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the property public sewer in accordance with official notice to do so, provided that said public sewer is within 200 feet of the property line.