[HISTORY: Adopted by the Borough Council of the Borough of Carlisle 12-8-2016 by Ord. No. 2259, approved 12-8-2016. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This ordinance shall be known as the "Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Ordinance."
The Borough of Carlisle finds that it is of high public importance to adopt appropriate legislation to ensure that all persons, regardless of actual or perceived race, color, religious creed, ancestry, sex, national origin, handicap, use of guide or support animals because of blindness, deafness or physical handicap of the user or because the user is a handler or trainer of support or guide animals, or sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression, enjoy the full benefits of citizenship and are afforded equal opportunities for employment, housing, commercial property and public accommodation.
The Council of Carlisle Borough hereby declares it to be the public policy of the Borough to foster equality and equal opportunity for all citizens, regardless of actual or perceived race, color, religious creed, ancestry, sex, national origin, handicap or use of guide or support animals because of blindness, deafness or physical handicap of the user or because the user is a handler or trainer of support or guide animals, or because of an individual's sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression, in all matters affecting employment, housing and commercial property and public accommodation, and to safeguard the right of all persons to remain free from discrimination or discriminatory practices in any of the foregoing aspects of their lives.
Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed as supporting, endorsing or advocating any particular doctrine, point of view, or religious belief. On the contrary, it is the express purpose and intent of this ordinance that all persons be treated fairly and equally and that all persons in Carlisle Borough be guaranteed fair and equal treatment under law.
This ordinance shall be deemed an exercise of the police power of the Borough of Carlisle, as provided under the Pennsylvania Municipal Code, for the protection of the public welfare, prosperity, health and peace of the community of Carlisle Borough.
The following words and phrases, when appearing in this ordinance, shall have the meanings given to them under this section:
- The Borough of Carlisle, County of Cumberland, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- BOROUGH COUNCIL
- The Borough Council of the Borough of Carlisle.
- Any discriminatory act(s) taken by any person, employer, entity, employment agency, or labor organization, with respect to or involving a transaction related to employment or public accommodations, housing or commercial property on the basis of a person's actual or perceived race, color, religious creed, ancestry, sex, national origin, handicap or use of guide or support animals because of blindness, deafness or physical handicap of the user or because the user is a handler or trainer of support or guide animals, or because of an individual's sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
- DISCRIMINATORY ACTS
- All acts or actions defined in the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act as unlawful discriminatory practices as related to employment, public accommodations, publicly offered commercial property or housing accommodations on the basis of actual or perceived race, color, religious creed, ancestry, sex, national origin, handicap or use of guide or support animals because of blindness, deafness or physical handicap of the user or because the user is a handler or trainer of support or guide animals, or because of an individual's sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression. The below rights are hereby recognized as and declared to be civil rights, which shall be enforceable as set forth in Section 3 of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act.
- (1) Employment: the opportunity for an individual to obtain employment for which he is qualified.
- (2) Public accommodation: the opportunity for an individual to access food, beverages, lodging, resorts or amusements which are open to, accept or solicit the patronage of the general public, but shall not include any accommodations that are in their nature distinctly private.
- (3) Commercial property or housing: the opportunity for an individual to obtain any commercial property or housing accommodation for which he is qualified.
- Does not include 1) any individual employed in agriculture or in the domestic service of any person, 2) any individuals who, as a part of their employment, reside in the personal residence of the employer, or 3) any individual employed by said individual's parents, spouse or child.
- Any person who employs one or more employees, including the Borough, its departments, boards and commissions, and any other government agency within the jurisdiction of the Borough, save those of any government agency whose laws may be deemed preemptive of this ordinance.
- GENDER IDENTITY OR EXPRESSION
- Self-perception, or perception by others, as male or female, including an individual's appearance, behavior, or physical characteristics, that may be in accord with, or opposed to, one's physical anatomy, chromosomal sex, or assigned sex at birth, and that shall include, but is not limited to, persons who are undergoing or who have completed sex reassignment, are transgender, or are gender-variant.
- This ordinance, which shall be referred to as the "Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Ordinance."
- Any natural person, fraternal, civic or other membership organization, corporation, general or limited partnership, proprietorship, limited-liability company, or similar business organization, including the Borough, its departments, boards and commissions, and any other for-profit and nonprofit organizations.
- SEXUAL ORIENTATION
- Actual or perceived homosexuality, heterosexuality and/or bisexuality.
Any terms of this ordinance not expressly defined herein shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act.
Discrimination in employment, housing and commercial property or any public accommodation is prohibited under this ordinance.
Retaliation against any individual because such person has opposed any practice forbidden by this ordinance or because such person has made a charge, testified, or assisted in any manner in any investigation or proceeding under this ordinance is prohibited under this ordinance.
Aiding, abetting, inciting, compelling or coercing the doing of any act declared by this ordinance to be an unlawful practice, or obstructing or preventing any person from complying with the provisions of this ordinance, is prohibited under this ordinance.
Pursuant to the authority set forth under § 962.1 of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act, 43 P.S. § 962.1, there is hereby established a Human Relations Commission for the Borough of Carlisle, which shall be known as the "Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Commission."
The Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Commission shall consist of four members, who shall be appointed to terms of four years by the Carlisle Borough Council. The terms of the members of the Commission shall be staggered, such that the terms of 1/4 of the members of the Commission shall expire each year. All members of the Commission shall be residents or business owners of the Borough of Carlisle and shall serve without compensation.
The Chairperson of the Commission will designate one member as needed to receive a complaint and conduct an intake meeting with the complainants. The member charged with this duty shall not participate in any mediations involving parties to the complaint for which he or she handled the intake, nor shall this member vote on complaints brought in front of the Commission.
The Human Relations Commission shall, annually, designate one member to serve as Chairperson of the Commission. The Chairperson shall be responsible for coordinating the activities, meetings, and operations of the Commission, as set forth under this ordinance. The Chairperson shall also report, quarterly, to the Borough Manager regarding the activities of the Commission.
Members of the Commission shall, as soon after their appointment as practical, attend such training and education seminars or sessions as deemed necessary to acquaint themselves with the functioning of the Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Commission under this ordinance, as well as the terms, conditions and provisions of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act, and the operation of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission. Such training and education shall be as directed by the Chairperson and shall be performed by current trained members of the Commission or in conjunction with the State Human Relations Commission. Alternate members appointed by Borough Council as provided in § 83-5H below shall also receive training in the same manner as Commission members.
[Amended 1-9-2020 by Ord. No. 2356; approved 1-9-2020]
The Carlisle Borough Human Relations Commission shall have all of those powers necessary to execute the duties set forth under this ordinance, provided that such powers shall not exceed those exercised by the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission under the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act.
The Carlisle Borough Human Relations Commission shall operate within the scope of funds that may be allocated, on an annual basis, by the Borough Council and shall not exceed the annual allocation in any year, except upon prior approval by the Borough Council. In adopting this ordinance, the Borough Council hereby expresses its intention that the operation of the Carlisle Borough Human Relations Commission under this ordinance shall be supported by volunteers, unpaid staff, and volunteer efforts and shall be as close to "zero cost" to the Borough as reasonably feasible.
Borough Council shall appoint two alternate members to the Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Commission who shall serve as members of the Commission in the event of the absence or disqualification by conflict or other reason of any regular member. The first alternate member shall be appointed to a term to expire February 29, 2020, and the second alternate member shall be appointed to a term to expire February 28, 2022. Thereafter, alternate members shall be appointed to a term of four years. The Chairperson of the Commission, or, in the absence of the Chairperson, the Commission members present, shall designate one or both of the alternate members to sit as members of the Commission. Upon such appointment, the alternate member or alternate members shall be entitled to participate in and vote on such matters as may come before the Commission during the meeting for which the appointment has been made. In addition, the appointed alternate members may participate in outreach and educational efforts of the Commission.
[Added 3-8-2018 by Ord. No. 2297, approved 3-8-2018]
Any person claiming to be aggrieved by a practice that is made unlawful under this ordinance may make, sign and file a verified complaint, as provided under Subsection B of this section, alleging violations of this ordinance. Such complaint shall, at a minimum, contain the following information:
The name, telephone number, mailing address and e-mail address (if applicable) of the aggrieved person(s);
The name, telephone number, mailing address and e-mail address (if applicable) of the person(s) alleged to have committed the prohibited practice;
A concise statement of the facts, including pertinent dates, time, locations, people, and acts involved constituting the alleged discriminatory practice;
Such other information as may be required by the Commission.
Complaints may be filed in person at the office of the Borough Manager or by mailing such complaints to the Borough offices to the attention of the Borough Manager or the member of the Commission designated to handle intake. All such complaints must be received by the Borough within 180 days of the occurrence of the last act giving rise to the complaint, or such complaint shall be dismissed as untimely.
The Borough Manager shall transmit all complaints received to the Chairperson of the Commission not later than 10 days after receipt of the complaint. The Borough Manager shall conspicuously mark the face of the complaint with the date the document was first received in the Borough offices.
The Commission may promulgate forms for use by persons wishing to file a complaint; however, complaints that are prepared without the use of an approved form shall be deemed acceptable under this ordinance so long as the facts set forth under Subsection A of this section can be clearly determined from the document submitted as a complaint.
The Commission may provide for a process by which persons seeking to file a complaint may consult with a volunteer or other staff person affiliated with the Commission who is trained to assist the prospective complainant in discerning the facts relevant to the prospective complaint. Such process shall also include referral of additional information to the prospective complainant concerning the content of this ordinance, the content of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act, and the availability of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission as an additional venue within which the prospective complainant may seek redress when possible.
Within 30 days of the receipt of a complaint, the Commission shall:
Send a copy of the complaint to the person(s) charged with a discriminatory act or practice under this ordinance (the "respondent"), together with a copy of this ordinance.
Send a notice to the complainant, informing him or her that the complaint has been accepted and processed by the Commission. If the complaint alleges discrimination on a basis prescribed under federal or state law, the notice shall also inform the complainant of his or her right to file a complaint with the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission or the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, as well as the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, where applicable.
Include a notice to both the complainant and the respondent(s) of their option to elect to proceed to voluntary mediation in order to resolve the matters giving rise to the complaint.
The respondent(s) shall file a written verified answer to the complaint within 30 days of service of the complaint. An answer shall be filed in the same manner as a complaint.
Within 30 days of receipt of an answer to a complaint or, where no answer is filed, within 60 days of service of the complaint upon the respondent(s), the Commission shall proceed in accordance with the following options, in the event that both parties have consented to mediation under § 83-7A(4):
The Commission shall refer the matter to a recognized alternative dispute-resolution service, which same service may be provided through Cumberland County, the Cumberland County Bar Association, or any other professional mediation service provider, or may refer the matter to a licensed member of the Pennsylvania Bar who may be willing to perform service to the Commission as a volunteer mediator. Any costs or expenses that may be associated with the mediation shall be the responsibility of the parties.
The parties shall jointly select the mediator; however, the Commission shall retain the authority to act as the mediator in the event that the parties have agreed to mediation but cannot jointly agree on a mediator. Mediation sessions conducted by the Commission may proceed with a minimum of two eligible Commission members. Mediation sessions shall remain private and not otherwise subject to public attendance.
When mediation has resulted in an amicable resolution of the complaint and the complaint is resolved, the Commission shall notify the parties that the complaint has been dismissed and shall record the result of the mediation in the notice of dismissal.
In the event that the complaint has not been resolved through mediation, the parties are entitled to proceed to the Court of Common Pleas in Cumberland County.
Nothing contained in this ordinance shall be deemed to limit the right of an aggrieved person to recover under any other applicable law or legal theory.
This ordinance shall have no jurisdiction over matters that are the subject of pending or prior filings made by an aggrieved person before any state or federal court or agency of competent jurisdiction.
Any person who shall violate any provision of § 83-4 of this ordinance may be subject by the Cumberland County Court of Common Pleas, or by any court of competent jurisdiction, to the penalties enumerated in Section 9(f)(1) and (2) and Sections 9.2, 9.3, 10 and 11 of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act. The penalties contained in this ordinance shall mirror any future changes to the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act as adopted by the General Assembly and approved by the Governor.
This ordinance extends the protections of the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act to include actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
The penalties included in the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act shall be extended to include all protected classes enumerated in the Borough of Carlisle Human Relations Ordinance.