Township of West Brandywine, PA
Chester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
The owner of any improved property whose principal building(s) is located within 150 feet of the sewer system shall connect the improved property to public sewer in such a manner as the Township shall require, within one year (365 days) after notice to the owner or owner's agent by the Township, for the purpose of discharging all sanitary sewage and industrial wastes from the improved property, subject to the limitations and restrictions as established herein or otherwise established by the Township and/or Authority from time to time.
B. 
No privy vault, cesspool, holding tank, sinkhole, septic tank or similar receptacle shall be used or maintained at any time on any improved property which has been connected to a sewer or which is required by this article to be connected to a public sewer. Notwithstanding components permitted and utilized for the collection, separation or treatment of industrial waste every existing privy vault, cesspool, holding tank, sinkhole, septic tank or other similar receptacle located on a property connected to public sewer shall be abandoned, cleaned and filled in the manner required by law. Any cleaning and filling shall be under the direction and supervision of the Township or a duly designated representative thereof. Any privy vault, cesspool, holding tank, sinkhole, septic tank or similar receptacle not abandoned and then cleaned and filled pursuant to this section is hereby deemed a nuisance and may be abated as provided by law at the expense of the owner of the improved property upon which any such receptacle is located.
C. 
No privy vault, cesspool, holding tank, sinkhole, septic tank or similar receptacle at any time shall be connected to a public sewer.
D. 
Notice. The notice required to be made by the Township and/or Authority to make a connection to a sewer shall be consistent with the following provisions:
(1) 
The owner of any principal building situated on property abutting any street, alley, easement, or right-of-way in which there has been constructed a sanitary sewer and where any part of the building is within 150 feet of the public sewer line and is accessible thereto shall, at owner's expense, install a suitable sanitary sewer line connection directly with the public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this article within one year (365 days) after the date of official notice to do so, in a manner consistent with the Second Class Township Code and Township Code and regulations. When any newly constructed principal building is located within 150 feet of a public sewer, the building shall be connected to the public sewer system prior to issuance of a use and occupancy permit for the building. When a new public sewer line is being constructed, the owner of a principal use building shall connect to the public sewer system within 90 days of notification that the sewer line has been sufficiently completed to be placed into service. In the event that any owner(s) shall refuse or neglect to connect within the timeframes outlined herein, the owner(s) shall be deemed to be in violation of this chapter and subject to the penalties prescribed under this chapter for any violation, and the proper officers of the Township and/or Authority, or their agents, may enter upon such property and construct such connection. In such case, the Township and/or Authority officer shall, upon completion of the work, send an itemized bill of the cost of the construction of such connection to the owner(s), which bill shall be payable within 10 days of completion of the building sewer construction as deemed by the Township and/or Authority officer. In case of neglect or refusal by the owner(s) to pay said bill within specified terms, the Township and/or Authority officers shall, within 30 days thereafter, file a municipal lien in the amount of the outstanding bill including all legal and filing fees incurred in the collection of the outstanding amount, in accordance with the Municipal Claims and Tax Liens Law, 53 P.S. § 7101 et seq. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, no owner(s) of a principal building located within 150 feet of the public sewer line shall be required to connect such building to the sanitary sewer line if the Authority determines that connecting such building would result in an overloading of the sewer system.
(2) 
The notice shall consist of a written or printed document requiring such connection in accordance with the provisions of this article and specifying that such connection shall be made within one year (365 days) where connection to an existing public sewer line is being requested and within 90 days to a newly constructed public sewer line is being requested from the date such notice is given by the Township.
(3) 
Such notice may be given at any time after a public sewer is in place which can receive and convey sanitary sewage and industrial wastes for treatment and disposal from the particular improved property. Notice shall be served upon the owner either by personal service or by registered mail or by such methods as at the time may be provided by law.
Application for a building sewer permit shall be made by the owner of the improved property served or to be served by the duly authorized agent of the owner to the Township. For each and every building or property, a separate permit to connect to the sanitary sewer system shall be required, except under special circumstances and for good sanitary reasons or other good cause shown, but then only after special permission of this Township, in writing, shall have been secured and only subject to such rules, regulations and conditions as may be prescribed by this Township. A separate building sewer for each building will be required, unless permitted otherwise.
A. 
No person shall make or cause to be made a connection of any improved or unimproved property with the public sewer until such person has:
(1) 
Apply for tap-in permit with Municipal Authority first:
(a) 
Submitted a complete written request to the Authority on the form provided indicating a desire and intent to connect such property to the public sewer.
(b) 
An application form provided by the Authority shall be submitted to the Authority and shall be approved upon payment of all fees for connection to the public sewer line.
(2) 
Apply for building sewer permit with Township:
(a) 
Submitted a complete plumbing permit application for the installation of the building sewer to the Township along with all required fees prior to scheduling inspections for the installation of the building sewer. A minimum of 48 hours' notice shall be provided to the Township for the inspection of the building sewer installation.
(b) 
The owner(s)/owner(s)' agent shall have certified to the Authority that either they, or the contractor engaged to construct the facilities to be connected to the sewer system, has:
[1] 
Purchased performance and payment bonds as security for the faithful performance of the work and payment of all obligations incurred for the construction of the facilities and to make connection to the sewer system.
[2] 
Submit evidence, in form acceptable to the Township, to include certificates of insurance, demonstrating adequate insurance coverage in amounts set forth in Chapter 74 of the Code for the following: workmen's compensation; general liability insurance; automobile liability (combined property and bodily injury); and builder's risk insurance.
No person shall make or shall cause to be made a connection of any improved property with a sewer until such person shall have fulfilled each of the following conditions:
A. 
Such person has notified the Township of the desire and intention to connect such improved property to a sewer;
B. 
Such person has applied for and received a building sewer permit as required by § 148-12A(2)(a).
C. 
Such person has applied for and received a tap-in permit from the Authority, and supplied Township with satisfactory evidence that any tapping (or connection) fee which may be charged and imposed by the Authority against the owner of each improved property who connects such improved property to a sewer has been paid; and
D. 
Such person has given the Township at least 48 hours' notice of the time when such connection will be made so that this Township may supervise and inspect or may cause to be supervised and inspected the work of connection and necessary testing.
A. 
When a property, at the time connection to a sewer is required, is served by its own sewage disposal system or device, the existing building drain line shall be cut on the exterior of the structure side of sewage disposal system or device and attachment shall be made, with proper fittings, to continue such building sewer line to the public sewer.
B. 
Every excavation for a building sewer must comply with OSHA requirements including sheeting and shoring including confined space entry where applicable and shall be guarded adequately with barricades and lights to protect all persons from damage and injury. Streets, sidewalks and other public property disturbed in the course of installation of a building sewer shall be restored, at the cost and expense of the owner of the improved property being connected, in a manner satisfactory to the Township and/or Authority.
C. 
The Township reserves the right to adopt, from time to time, by resolution, additional rules and regulations as it shall deem necessary and proper relating to connection with a sewer and the sewer system, which additional rules and regulations, to the extent appropriate, shall be and shall be construed as part of this article.
D. 
Whenever unique physical conditions are encountered during the construction of a building sewer, and such unique conditions require additional safeguards or the observation of specifications more stringent than those in this article, the building sewer shall be constructed in accordance with such additional safeguards or specifications; provided, however, that the unique special physical conditions and any additional specifications necessary to ensure the integrity of the building sewer shall be listed and set forth in the rules and/or regulations adopted by the Township pursuant to § 148-14C of this article.
E. 
A single building sewer shall be provided for a school, apartment building, commercial use, or other multiunit structure where the entire building is held in single ownership, without the potential for change of ownership status. If the Authority determines it to be impractical to provide separate connections due to capacity, a single or joint connection may be authorized for more than one property. If the Township determines it to be impracticable to provide separate connections due to physical conditions or constraints of the property or construction features, a single or joint connection may be authorized for more than one property.
F. 
Permits for work to be performed within the rights-of-way of any federal and state highways shall be secured from the agency having jurisdiction. For work to be performed within the right-of-way of any Township road, a permit shall be secured from the Township if the work to be performed shall disturb any:
(1) 
Paved cartway or macadam surface.
(2) 
Improved but unpaved cartway.
(3) 
Existing curbing.
G. 
If a sewer lateral terminates on any property beyond the existing macadam surface or improved but unpaved cartway of any Township road, but the terminus is still within the Township's right-of-way and the connection can be facilitated without the disturbance of the existing curb, upon written application to the Township, and after review and approval by the Township's Code Enforcement Officer, after consultation with the Township Engineer, the Township Code Enforcement Officer may waive the requirement for a permit to replace or construct new curbing.
H. 
All costs and expenses of construction of a building sewer and all costs and expenses of connection of a building sewer to the public sewer shall be borne by the owner(s) of the property to be connected; and such owner(s) shall indemnify and hold harmless the Township and Authority from all loss or damage that may be incurred, directly or indirectly, as a result of construction of a building sewer or connection of the building sewer to the public sewer.
I. 
A building sewer shall be connected to a public sewer at the location designated by the Township where a lateral connection is provided.
J. 
The invert of a building sewer at the point of connection to the building drain shall be at a higher elevation than the invert of the public sewer. A smooth, neat joint shall be made and the connection of a building sewer to the lateral shall be made secure and watertight utilizing Township approved fittings. If elevations prevent gravity flow, owner(s) shall furnish, install and maintain a grinder pump at their expense. The provisions of Article IV shall apply to all grinder pump permitting and installation.
K. 
No building sewer shall be covered until it has been inspected and approved by the Township. If any part of a building sewer is covered before so being inspected and approved, it shall be uncovered for inspection at the cost and expense of the owner of the property being connected to public sewer.
L. 
Every building sewer of any improved property shall be maintained in a sanitary and safe operating condition by the owner of the improved property.
M. 
If any person shall fail or refuse, upon receipt of a notice of the Township, in writing, to remedy any unsatisfactory condition with respect to a building sewer, within 60 days of receipt of such notice, the Authority may refuse to permit such person to discharge sanitary sewage and industrial or commercial wastes into the sewer system until the unsatisfactory condition has been remediated to the satisfaction of the Authority, or at its option it may make such repairs at the expense of the property owner and file a lien on the property.
N. 
Registration of persons performing work on facilities to be connected to system. Persons performing work on facilities to be connected to the sewer system shall be registered journeymen plumbers having a current Township contractor insurance verification registration to perform work in the Township.
O. 
The approval of any plans, specifications, contracts or agreements or the issuance of any permits or approvals pursuant to the provisions of this article or any regulations issued or adopted pursuant thereto shall not constitute a representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind by the Township and/or Authority or by any official, employee, agent, or advisor of the Township or Authority as to the practicability, adequacy, functioning or safety of any use, improvement, facility or system installed or maintained pursuant to the aforementioned approved plans, specifications, contracts, agreements, permits and regulations, and shall not create any liability upon the Township or the Authority, its officials, employees, agents and advisers.
A. 
General.
(1) 
When connection is to be made to an existing building sewer, such connection must be made to the building drain.
(2) 
The contractor shall determine the difference in grade between the points of connection. If a minimum grade of 1/4 inch, or a maximum grade of one inch, per foot is obtained, permission will be granted to proceed. Permission to use a minimum gradient of 1/8 inch per foot may be granted by the Plumbing Inspector in special circumstances. An appropriate notation shall be made on the permit form if 1/8 inch per foot is used. Under no circumstances is the trench to be excavated before it is determined that the minimum fall can be obtained.
(3) 
No portion of any sanitary public sewer lateral or building sewer shall be used until air tested and approved in accordance with these rules and regulations. No portion of an existing building sewer that is constructed of bituminous fiber (Orangeburg) pipe or asbestos cement pipe shall be used as part of the new building sewer all other materials and joints or connections shall be consistent with permitted material listing within the prevailing plumbing code at time of installation.
B. 
Pipe requirements.
(1) 
Piping installations from the sanitary sewer lateral to the building drain shall be constructed of any one of the following materials:
(a) 
Extra heavy cast iron soil pipe conforming to American Standard Association and ASTM standards, latest revision, together with neoprene gaskets. The gaskets must be made to conform to the particular brand of pipe being used and conform to ASTM C564, latest revision. All joints shall be made in accordance with the pipe manufacturer's specifications.
(b) 
PVC Ring-tite pipe conforming to ASTM D3034-74, SDR 35 Type PSM, together with necessary fittings conforming to ASTM D1784. All pipe and fittings shall utilize rubber gasketed joints shall comply with ASTM-D-1819 C-361 or C-433.
(c) 
All building sewer service connections shall be constructed with a cast iron vent and trap assembly located at the point of connection to the public sewer lateral.
(d) 
Cleanouts shall be provided for all building sewer service connections where length of line exceeds 50 feet for four-inch diameter pipe and 75 feet for pipe six-inch in diameter or larger. Cleanout risers shall be constructed of cast iron pipe.
(2) 
Building sewers passing under any stream or creek shall be constructed of ductile iron water main pipe ANSI A21.51 and AWWA C151, Class 51, with mechanical joints.
(3) 
No sewer connection pipe shall be reduced in size between the connection to the building drain and the public sewer. All pipe shall be a minimum inside diameter of four inches. Pipe sizes for apartments and commercial buildings must be approved by the Township. Joints shall be permanently tight and shall prevent the admission of ground water.
(4) 
A minimum cover of three feet of earth shall be provided to protect pipe from frost action and surface loading. Concrete encasement shall be provided where cover is less. All changes in grade and alignment (direction) shall be made with pipe fittings. No fittings exceeding 45° shall be permitted.
(5) 
No transformation from one pipe size to another, or from one pipe material to another, will be made without the use of fittings manufactured and designed for that purpose.
(6) 
In the specific case of PVC piping, no transformations from one pipe size to another, or from one pipe material to another will be made without the use of fittings with an elastomeric seal and shall conform to the manufacturer's specifications. Substitute adapters shall be approved by the Township. No cement joints will be permitted.
(7) 
All connections to the sanitary sewer system must be made into the lateral stub, "tee" or "wye" left for the purpose, if one exists. Where no lateral stub, "tee" or "wye" has been provided, the sewer shall be tapped with an opening to fit a 45° cast iron or PVC "wye" saddle or 90° cast iron or PVC "tee" saddle. The saddle shall be securely fastened by stainless steel straps provided with suitable bolts to tighten securely. The pipe and saddle shall be completely encased with six inches of 3,000 psi test concrete. When the opening in the pipe has been cut too large to fit the saddle, the Authority's sanitary sewer pipe must be replaced by a manufactured pipe section with a "tee" or "wye" branch of the proper size. The construction shall be inspected and approved before the remainder of the connection may be laid. In the case of PVC, wye or tee saddle shall be installed using stainless steel straps provided with suitable bolts to tighten securely.
(8) 
Whenever a "tee" or "wye" branch has become broken in removing its cap in preparation to make a sewer connection, the protruding branch must be removed and a cast iron "tee" or "wye" saddle applied as described above.
(9) 
Whenever an existing Authority lateral or stub is broken, the broken end must be cut square and fitted with a listed and labeled duplex coupling, or that section of pipe must be replaced.
(10) 
The mouth, or opening, of the completed building sewer shall be kept properly closed and water tight at all times during construction.
(11) 
Building sewer lines shall be vented, trapped and a cleanout provided as follows:
(a) 
Cleanouts.
[1] 
Where the main sewer is in the road a cleanout shall be provided at the right-of-way line.
[2] 
Where the main sewer is in an easement, the cleanout shall be located a minimum of one foot from the permanent easement limit.
[3] 
Cleanouts shall be provided in each sanitary sewer lateral at fifty-foot intervals for four-inch diameter pipe and at seventy-five-foot intervals for all pipe six-inch diameter and larger. Such intervals shall include lengths of lateral installed by the Authority. Cleanouts shall be installed immediately downstream of any change in grade or alignment. Cleanouts shall be constructed using a sanitary tee fitting in the run of the pipe and cast iron riser to ground surface. The riser pipe shall be provided with a screw type plug and shall be water tight. This requirement will be constructed in conformity with the prevailing Plumbing Code.
[4] 
A minimum of one cleanout is required per building sewer line.
(b) 
Fresh-air vents - A vent shall be placed as close to the building as possible, in the case of existing construction and in the case of new construction when, in the opinion of the Township, adequate venting has not been provided for. Vent risers shall extend a minimum of six inches above the ground surface and shall be capped with a mushroom vent or double bend. Fresh air vents shall be at least four inches in diameter, and must be constructed of cast iron.
(c) 
Every cleanout and vent shall be properly supported by 2 RC, 2B crushed stone or concrete in the bottom of the trench.
(12) 
New connections to the sewer shall not be placed through a cesspool, but must be placed on solid ground on the building side of cesspool excavation area, with the exception that, under special circumstances cast iron water pipe (AWWA C151 and ANSI A 21.51 Class 51, with mechanical joints) may be used to span a cesspool when properly supported and anchored against shearing forces from surface loading or other settlement.
(13) 
The contractor shall have sufficient pumping equipment ready for use at all times on the site. All ground water which may be found in the trenches, and any other water which may get into them from any cause whatsoever, shall be pumped or bailed out so that the trench shall be dry during pipe laying and backfilling. Water shall be kept away from any mortar or concrete work until it has thoroughly set. When water is encountered, no less than six inches of No. 2B coarse aggregate shall be used for the foundation for the pipe. No storm or surface water shall be allowed to enter the sanitary sewer system. If, for any reason, construction is delayed or stopped, the pipe connected to the sewer main must be capped with a waterproof stopper.
(14) 
The contractor shall fill all existing septic tanks or cesspools with crushed stone or clean earth. Tanks shall be pumped after connection to the sewer and before backfilling.
C. 
Pipe bedding. In all trenches (both earth and rock trenches) "first class bedding" shall be provided as a foundation for all pipe, unless concrete cradle or concrete encasement or other type of bedding is required by the Township Inspector.
(1) 
When extra heavy cast iron pipe is being installed, first class bedding shall consist of shaping the bottom of the earth trench to fit the pipe and bells in order to support the pipe over its entire length. A minimum of six inches of No. 2B crushed stone bedding will be provided when rock is encountered or when required by the Engineer or his representative.
(2) 
When PVC SDR #35 is being installed, first class bedding shall provide a minimum of six inches of crushed stone under the pipe, with backfill using the stone up to, or beyond, six inches over the pipe. Bedding material shall consist of crushed stone conforming to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Publication 408 including latest revisions, grading and quality requirements for No. 2B course aggregate. Concrete encasement, or cradle, shall be required where extraordinary trench and surface loading can be anticipated.
(3) 
Regardless of the type of pipe used, unsuitable material encountered in excavation, such as ashes, muck and unstable soil, shall be removed from the site and shall not be placed in the backfill. When the bottom of the trench has been dug too deep, it shall be refilled to grade with 2-RC aggregate backfill, or No. 2B crushed stone backfill, thoroughly compacted in lifts of not more than six inches.
(4) 
Whenever rock or water is encountered in the trench bottom a minimum of six inches of 2-RC aggregate or 2B crushed stone bedding shall be required for all pipe.
D. 
Air test.
(1) 
The Plumbing Inspector or his representative shall witness an air test of the building sewer from the lateral to the point of connection at the building. Both ends of the building sewer shall remain uncovered until the air testing has been completed and the installation approved. Such approval shall be noted in writing on the permit and no other evidence of such approval shall be accepted. Persons utilizing air test equipment must be familiar with its use and be familiar with the criteria for judging acceptance based on various ground water conditions encountered. The air test shall be conducted by the building sewer contractor under the direction of the Plumbing Inspector, and made at the expense of the property owner.
(2) 
The air test shall be made by attaching an air compressor or other testing apparatus to any suitable opening in the section of the pipe to be tested. All other openings of the pipe section being tested shall be plugged. The pipe shall be subjected to a minimum uniform air pressure of 4.0 psi on the entire (section of pipe being tested) system. This pressure shall be maintained for a minimum of duration of 10 minutes and that the maximum permissible pressure loss shall be 5%.
(3) 
The contractor shall repair all defects or leaks of any nature of lines failing to meet the above tests and shall retest same until acceptable to the Township plumbing inspector.
E. 
Backfilling.
(1) 
Upon completion of the building sewer installation, the trench, to a height of at least one foot above the pipe, shall be refilled with clean earth or select stone backfill (2RC or 2B crushed aggregate) deposited in six-inch layers. No stones or rock other than previously noted shall be permitted in the backfill. Each layer shall be solidly tamped and rammed down around the sewer pipe with hand or mechanical tampers. Care shall be exercised not to disturb the pipe. In filling to the height specified, the earth shall be thrown in with hand shovels. Under no circumstances will backfilling by heavy equipment be permitted.
(2) 
All backfill material shall be free from cinders, ashes, refuse, vegetable or organic material or other material which in the opinion of the Plumbing Inspector is unsuitable. However, from a point of one foot above the top of the pipe to the finish grade (or subgrade of pavement, driveways, walks, etc.) material containing stones up to six inches in greatest dimensions may be used. The trench shall be thoroughly compacted without displacement of the grade or alignment of the building sewer. Backfill material shall be free of ice and no partially open trench shall be permitted to be left open during the night when temperatures below 28° are predicted.
F. 
Inspections.
(1) 
Any contractor who has scheduled an inspection and upon arrival of the Township's agent fails to be ready for said inspection shall receive a failed inspection and be responsible to pay a fee as set forth by time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors. Any contractor who fails an inspection shall be responsible to pay a fee as set forth by time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors for said failed inspection. Any contractor who requires the Township or Authority's agent to remain on the job site after 5:00 p.m. to perform an inspection will be required to advise the homeowner as to why the request must be made and the contractor must further assume the associated costs for said inspections, with a minimum of two hours of time to be paid at a per hour rate as set forth by time to time by resolution of the Board of Supervisors.
(2) 
All associated fees with regard to failed inspections of a contractor shall be paid prior to construction of any subsequent sewer lateral installations by said contractor.
G. 
Use of connection.
(1) 
Use of the new connection to the sanitary sewer system will not be permitted until installation has been inspected, tested and approved in accordance with procedures set forth herein.
(2) 
No use of the sanitary sewer system will be permitted until collection system, pumping facilities and treatment plant have been made ready to accept sewage for disposal.
(3) 
Maintenance, repair, or replacement of the building sewer between the sewer main and the building served by the building sewer shall be the responsibility of the property owner; however, if the Authority originally installed the lateral, and the repair or replacement or maintenance of the lateral or that portion of the lateral constructed by the Authority is necessitated by a defect in the lateral or any portion of the lateral, which said defect was not caused by the property owner, the Authority shall be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of the lateral or that portion of the lateral, if said defect in the lateral or that portion of the lateral so affected was caused by improper construction and/or installation by the Authority, or in the event the defect in the pipe is the result of a manufacturing defect.
(4) 
No sump pumps for the discharge of groundwater or stormwater of any kind shall be permitted to be connected and/or discharged into the sanitary sewer system.
(5) 
Access to premises by Authority or its designated agent.
(a) 
The Municipal Authority and/or its designated agent shall have access during the construction of the sewer lateral to all parts of a premises to ensure that there are no illegal connections.
(b) 
The Municipal Authority and/or its designated agent shall have access to all parts of a premises to inspect for illegal connections to the public sewer systems upon obtaining evidence of an illegal connection through the use of meters, videos and any other means available.
(c) 
The property owner of a premises where an illegal connection is found after obtaining permission to enter into the premises to verify said illegal connection, shall assume all associated costs incurred by the Authority and/or its agent.
H. 
Cleanup. Removal of debris, which may have been stored within the public rights-of-way, including road, cartway or sidewalk, shall be removed within 24 hours of completion of the building sewer work. Any concrete sidewalk or curb removed for the purpose of making a sewer connection must be temporarily restored within 48 hours, and permanent replacement must be completed within 30 days from the time installation has been approved.
I. 
Use of PVC.
(1) 
Although the Township and the Authority recommend and prefer the use of cast iron for vent and trap assemblies, where the use of cast iron is mandated in this article for vent and trap assemblies, PVC fittings may be substituted therefor provided that:
(a) 
Such fittings conform to the requirements of ASTM F477 for use with SDR 35 gravity sewer pipe; and
(b) 
All such fittings utilize elastomeric joints and rubber gaskets which comply with the requirements specified in ASTM D-1869, C-361 or C-443; and
(c) 
Vent and trap assemblies are encased with a minimum of six inches or more of concrete.
(2) 
Wherever the use of cast iron pipe is mandated in this article for cleanouts, cleanout risers, screw-type plugs for cleanout risers, fresh air vents and/or fresh air vent risers, PVC may be substituted therefor provided that:
(a) 
The PVC is SDR 35 or Schedule 40 solid PVC which meets the requirements of ASTM D-2665; and
(b) 
The top elevation of all cleanout and/or vent risers shall not be less than six inches above ground level; and
(c) 
All riser caps are made of cast iron.
The rates and any rules and regulations hereunder shall become effective on the date of their enactment and adoption respectively and shall be applicable to all properties as soon as they respectively become connected with and/or have the right to connect and/or use the sewer system. The Township and/or Authority reserves the right to make such changes from time to time as in its opinion may be desirable or beneficial, and to amend this article or to change the rates or charges in such manner and at such times as in its opinion may be advisable.