Town of Lansing, NY
Tompkins County
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[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Lansing 12-22-1970 by Ord. No. 9. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The purpose of this chapter is to protect the public health, welfare and safety by regulating the operation of snowmobiles on public highways and places of the Town of Lansing in a manner which will be compatible with the use of such highways and places for vehicular and pedestrian travel and other uses, and which will promote the safe and proper use of snowmobiles for recreation and commerce and minimize detrimental effects of such use on the environment.
For the purpose of this chapter, the following words, phrases and terms shall have the following meaning:
MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
Includes a county, city, Town, village, school district, fire district and a special or improvement district of a county or Town.
OPERATE
To ride in or on, other than as a passenger, use or control the operation of a snowmobile in any manner, whether or not said snowmobile is under way.
OPERATOR
Every person who operates or is in actual physical control of a snowmobile.
OWNER
A person other then a lien holder, having the property in or title to a snowmobile.
PERSONS
Includes an individual, partnership, corporation, municipal corporation, the state and its agencies and subdivisions, and any body of persons, whether incorporated or not.
PUBLIC WAY
Any public highway, road, street, avenue, alley, place or driveway.
ROADWAY
That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
SHOULDER
That portion of a public right-of-way used to support the improved portion of the road and for emergency travel and parking only, which lies outside the paved or improved portion of the road.
SNOWMOBILE
A self-propelled vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice steered by skis or runners, and supported in part by skis, belts or cleats.
SPECIAL EVENT
An organized race, exhibition or demonstration of limited duration which is conducted according to a prearranged schedule and in which general public interest is manifested.
STREET or HIGHWAY
The entire width between boundary lines of any way or place when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for the purpose of vehicular traffic.
TOWN
Is used herein it shall mean the Town of Lansing.
A. 
Operation of snowmobiles on highways and public ways within the Town shall be subject to the applicable provisions of Article 8 of the Conservation Law and the Rules and Regulations of the Office of Parks and Recreation, and, where applicable, the further rules, conditions and restrictions established by this chapter. Operation of snowmobiles shall be subject to the applicable provisions of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation Law, Title D.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
B. 
Unplowed Town roads. The following Town roads and highways are hereby identified as customarily unplowed roads within the meaning of Conservation Law § 8-303, Subdivision 2c(4): 1) Ross Road from top of hill at abandoned house to lake, 2) Sweazey Road from Cornell University Land (Buckingham Farm) west to Bill George Road, 3) Brown Hill Road, 4) Dates Road from George Tull's house south to Jerry Smith Road.
C. 
Town roads designated for snowmobile operation. In addition to the operation of snowmobiles on the highways and in the manner permitted by clauses (a) and (b) and Paragraphs (1), (2), (4), and (5) of clause (c) of Conservation Law § 8-0303,[1] snowmobiles may be operated, subject to the further rules, restrictions and conditions set forth in § 215-5 hereof, on other Town roads within the Town as follows:
(1) 
On the shoulders of certain uncongested Town highways. The following streets, roads or highways are hereby designated as uncongested for the purpose of operation of snowmobiles on the shoulders thereof, as authorized by § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(3), of the Conservation Law: Davis Road, Holden Road, North Lansing School Road from Rt 34 to VanOstrand, Salmon Creek Road south to Hill Street, Snushall Road, Storm Road, Nut Ridge Road, Lansing-Genoa Town Line Road, Ford Hill Road, Snydor Road, Cherry Road, Culf Hill Road and Collins Road.
(2) 
On the roadways and inside banks of certain Town road. In addition to travel on the outside banks or slopes [permitted by § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(5)], and on the shoulders [permitted by Subsection C(1) of this section], a snowmobile may be operated on the inside bank or roadway of the following Town highways or portions thereof described herein, it being hereby determined that by reason of normally prevailing snow conditions and conditions of terrain, the slopes or areas outside the guardrails or the back side of snow embankments of such highways or portions thereof are non-existent or impossible: Davis Road, Holden Road, North Lansing School Road from Rt 34 to VanOstrand, Salmon Creek Road south to Hill Street, Snushall Road, Storm Road, Nut Ridge Road, Lansing-Cenoa Town Line Road, Ford Hill Road, Snyder Road, Cherry Road, Gulf Hill Road, Collins Road and Sill Road.
[Amended 2-10-1976 by Ord. No. 20]
[1]
Editor's Note: Section 8-0303 was repealed by L. 1973, c. 400, § 92, effective June 5, 1973. For the current statutory provisions pertaining to snowmobiles, consult Title D, Snowmobiles, of the Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation Law (§ 21.01 et seq.).
D. 
County roads. The Town hereby authorizes, subject to the approval of the Board of Representatives of the County of Tompkins, the operation of snowmobiles on the shoulders, inside banks and roadways of the following county roads, or portions thereof within the Town, it being hereby determined that by reason of normally prevailing snow conditions and conditions of terrain, the slopes or areas outside the guardrails or the backside of snow embankments of such highways or portions thereof are non-existant or impossible: Conlon Road from Rt 34B to Gulf Hill Road, Lansingville Road from Davis Road to Rt 34B, North Lansing School Road from VanOstrand to Town Line, VanOstrand Road south to Peruville Road.
E. 
Emergency travel. In addition to the emergency travel permitted upon declaration of a general snow emergency by the Supervisor as provided by Conservation Law § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(1), a snowmobile may be operated on highways within the Town otherwise closed to snowmobile travel, when the specific travel for a specific purpose is authorized by a state or local police officer, Fire Chief, supervisor or Town highway superintendent.
F. 
Identify road markers. The roads or highways opened for snowmobile travel as provided in Subsection C(1) and (2) and by Subsection D shall be identified by appropriate road markers.
G. 
Order of use of portions of road. Operation of snowmobiles on roads within the Town where by statute or this chapter is permitted, shall be on the following portions thereof in order of freedom from vehicular congestion as herein stated, and operation on the portion thereof in the more congested or unsafe category is permitted only when travel on the lessor congested area is impassable: Unplowed roads [Statute § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(4)] on any portion thereof: Outside slopes, areas outside of guard-rails and back side of snow embankments (Statute § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(5)]: Shoulders [Statute § 8-0303, Subdivision 2c(3), and § 215-3C(1) of this chapter]: Inside banks or roadways proper [Statute § 8-0303, Subdivision 4, and § 215-3C(2) and D of this chapter].
Whenever the operation of a snowmobile is permitted on the shoulder, roadway or inside bank of any street or highway or portion thereof within the Town as provided in § 215-3C and D of this chapter, the following rules, conditions and restrictions are hereby imposed to all such snowmobile operations:
A. 
Direction of travel. No person shall operate a snowmobile within the roadway of a public road herein authorized except on the right side of such roadway and in the same direction as the highway traffic and in single file.
B. 
Financial security. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a snowmobile on any highway or on public lands within the Town unless the owner or operator of such snowmobile is insured against public liability and carries with him proof of financial responsibility, such as a certificate of liability insurance of the type, coverage and of the minimum amount as defined and required of owners and operators of motor vehicles by the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York. Such proof shall be displayed by the owner or operator of any snowmobile upon request to any law enforcement officer or to any person who has suffered or claims to have suffered either personal injury or damage to property as a result of the operation of such snowmobile by any such owner or operator.
C. 
Obedience to vehicular traffic controls. Each person operating a snowmobile on any highway within the Town shall observe strictly all vehicular traffic signs and signals and all other rules and regulations applicable to vehicular traffic, and shall obey the orders and directions of any State or local police or other law enforcement officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic.
D. 
Sidewalks. It shall be unlawful to operate a snowmobile upon a public sidewalk or walkway in the Town.
E. 
Unnecessary noise. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a snowmobile, except at special events sanctioned and approved by the Office of Parks and Recreation, in any manner which:
(1) 
Creates loud, excessive or unusual noise,
(2) 
Is equipped with a muffler from which the baffle plates, screens or other original internal parts have been removed or altered;
(3) 
Is equipped with an exhaust system which has been modified in a manner which will increases or amplify the noise emitted by the motor of such snowmobile; or
(4) 
Is equipped with no muffler.
F. 
No persons under 14 years of age shall operate snowmobiles on the roads herein specified.
No civil action shall be maintained against the Town for damages or injuries to person or property sustained in consequence of any street, highway, public way, roadway, shoulder, outside slope, inside bank or any other area, whether the same be paved or unpaved or plowed or unplowed, or on public lands other than roads, where operation of a snowmobile is permitted pursuant to this chapter, being out of repair, obstructed, unsafe or dangerous unless it appears that prior written notice of the defective, unsafe or dangerous condition was actually given to the Town or its hereinafter specified officer or employee and there was a failure or neglect within a reasonable time after the giving of such notice to repair or remove the defect or danger complained of, or the place otherwise made reasonably safe. The written notice aforesaid shall be given to the Town Clerk who shall make and keep an indexed record in a separate book of all such written notices which have been so received, which record shall state the date of receipt of the notice, the nature and location of the condition or defect stated to exist, and the name and address of the person from whom the notice was received.
Failure to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed a violation and the violator shall be liable to a fine of not less than $5 nor more than $100.