Township of Lawrence, MI
Van Buren County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Board of Trustees of the Township of Lawrence 6-11-2020.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance repealed former Ch. 30, Marihuana Establishments, adopted 2-14-2019.
This chapter shall be known as and may be cited as the "Township of Lawrence Recreational (Adult Use) Marihuana Establishment Ordinance."
The purpose of this chapter is to regulate recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments in the Township in order to protect the public health, safety and general welfare of the Township's residents, to provide reasonable regulations regarding Township licensing of recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments, to provide a method to defray administrative costs of such establishments and to coordinate Township regulations and license approval with laws and regulations enacted by the State of Michigan. It is not the intent of this chapter to restrict or abrogate the protections for recreational (adult use) marihuana found in the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act, Initiated Law 1 of 2018, MCLA § 333.27951 et seq., as may be amended.
Words used herein shall have the definitions as provided for in the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act, Initiated Law 1 of 2018, MCLA § 333.27951 et seq., as may be amended.
The following recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments may be authorized to operate within the Township by the holder of a state operating license, and the Township may issue a Township license for the same, subject to compliance with the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act (Initiated Law 1 of 2018), as may be amended, the rules promulgated thereunder and this chapter:
A. 
Nine growers shall be authorized in the Township, which number may include Class A, B or C growers, three of each class.
B. 
Three processors shall be authorized in the Township.
C. 
Zero retailers shall be authorized in the Township.
D. 
Zero microbusinesses shall be authorized in the Township.
E. 
Three secure transporters shall be authorized in the Township.
F. 
Three safety compliance facilities shall be authorized in the Township.
G. 
Zero marihuana event organizers shall be authorized in the Township.
H. 
Zero temporary marihuana events shall be authorized in the Township.
I. 
Zero designated consumption establishments shall be authorized in the Township.
J. 
Zero excess marihuana grower licenses are authorized in the Township.
K. 
No other license types as may be established by the rules promulgated pursuant Initiated Law 1 of 2018, as amended, shall be authorized in the Township. In the event new types or types not listed herein exist, the number of authorized licenses shall be zero.
A. 
All applicants for a Township recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment license shall be prequalified by the State of Michigan Marihuana Regulatory Agency and shall provide proof of such approval from the state prior to or upon applying to the Township for a Township license. In the event that an applicant already has a license from the State of Michigan for a medical marihuana facility license, the applicant does not need to obtain prequalification for a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment license.
B. 
On and after July 21, 2020, the Township shall accept applications for a Township license to operate a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment within the Township. Application shall be made on a Township form and must be submitted to the Township Clerk and/or other designee of the Township (hereinafter referred to as the "Clerk"). Once the Clerk receives a complete application, including the initial annual recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment fee, the application shall be time and date stamped. All complete applications shall be considered for conditional authorization and/or Township licensure. In the event that more applications are submitted to the Clerk than the number of recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment licenses authorized, or remaining available, under this chapter, the applications shall be considered by the Township Board pursuant to the evaluation criteria contained in § 30-6 of this chapter. The Township Board shall consider an application for a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment licensure within 30 days of the date of receipt of a complete application. Once the Township Board has determined which applications will be authorized for Township licensure (per §§ 30-5 and 30-6 herein), any additional complete applications shall be held in abeyance for future conditional licensure. Any applicant waiting for future conditional licensure may withdraw their application by written notice to the Clerk at any time and may receive a partial refund of the initial annual medical marihuana fee submitted.
C. 
If a conditionally licensed applicant is denied a state operating license, then such conditional license will be canceled by the Clerk, and the conditional license shall be available to the next applicant for the specific type of recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment license in order of rankings, per the evaluation criteria in § 30-6.
D. 
A conditionally licensed applicant shall receive a license from the Township to operate the recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment within the Township upon the applicant providing the Clerk proof that the applicant has received a state operating license for the recreational (adult use) marihuana facility in the Township and the applicant has met all other requirements of this chapter for the operation of a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment.
E. 
If a conditionally licensed applicant fails to obtain a license from the Township within one year from the date of the conditional license, then such conditional license shall be canceled by the Clerk, and the conditional license shall be available to the next applicant for the specific type of recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment license in order of rankings, per the evaluation criteria in § 30-6. The Township Board shall have the authority to extend the deadline to obtain a Township license for up to an additional six months on written request of the applicant, within 30 days prior to cancellation, upon the reasonable discretion of the Township Board making a finding of good cause for the extension.
F. 
A licensee shall not operate a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment at any location in the Township other than the address provided in the application to the Township.
In the event that the Township receives more applications for recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment licenses than there are licenses available, the Township Board shall review all applications to determine which of the applications are best suited to operate such establishment in the Township in compliance with Initiated Law 1 of 2018, as amended. In making such analysis, the Township Board shall consider the following criteria:
A. 
The applicant's experience and reputation in operating other licensed marihuana businesses in Lawrence Township or Van Buren County.
B. 
The applicant's experience and reputation in operating other licensed marihuana businesses in Michigan.
C. 
If the applicant is a resident of Lawrence Township, Van Buren County, Michigan.
D. 
If the applicant is a resident of Van Buren County, Michigan.
E. 
The applicant's general business management experience.
F. 
The financial ability or means of the applicant to operate and maintain the marihuana facility.
G. 
The financial ability or means of the applicant to purchase and maintain adequate liability and casualty insurance.
H. 
The sources and total amount of the applicant's capitalization to operate and maintain the proposed marihuana facility.
I. 
The applicant's history of tax delinquency in Lawrence Township, Van Buren County, and/or any other public entity in the past 10 years.
J. 
The applicant's history of noncompliance with any regulatory requirements in Lawrence Township, Van Buren County, or elsewhere within the State of Michigan.
K. 
An estimate of the number and type of jobs that the marihuana establishment expects to create and the amount and type of compensation expected to be paid for such jobs.
L. 
Planned tangible capital investments in the Township, including if multiple licenses are proposed.
M. 
An explanation of anticipated economic benefits to Lawrence Township with supporting factual data.
N. 
The applicant's bankruptcy history within the past seven years.
A. 
A licensed recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment shall only be operated within the Township by the holder of a state operating license issued pursuant to the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act (Initiated Law 1 of 2018), as may be amended, and the rules promulgated thereunder. The facility shall only be operated as long as the state operating license and Township license both remain in effect.
B. 
Prior to operating a licensed recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment within the Township pursuant to a state operating license, the facility must comply with all applicable regulations, ordinances and codes.
C. 
Prior to operating an authorized recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment within the Township pursuant to a state operating license, the establishment must comply with all Township construction, building and zoning ordinances, and all other applicable Township ordinances specifically regulating recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments and generally applicable Township regulatory ordinances and regulations. The establishment shall only be operated as long as it remains in compliance with all such ordinances and regulations now in force or which hereinafter may be established or amended.
D. 
If at any time a licensed recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment violates this chapter, the Township Board may request that the state revoke or refrain from renewing the establishment's state operating license. Once such state operating license is revoked or fails to be renewed, the Clerk shall cancel the Township license, and the license shall be available to the next applicant for the specific type of recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment license in order of rankings, per the evaluation criteria in § 30-6.
E. 
A recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment is not required to have any minimum setback from an existing public or private school providing education in kindergarten or any Grades 1 through 12.
F. 
A recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment may co-locate with a medical marihuana facility, as authorized by Section 6, Subsection 5, of the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act (Initiated Law 1 of 2018).[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 333.27956, Subdivision 5.
G. 
A recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment shall prevent smoke, odors, debris, dust, noise, lights, glare, heat, other emissions or discharge from interfering with the reasonable and comfortable use and enjoyment of another's property. Whether smoke, odors, debris, dust, noise, lights, glare, heat, other emissions or discharge interfere with the reasonable and comfortable use and enjoyment of property shall be measured against the objective standards of a reasonable person of normal sensitivity.
H. 
A recreational (adult use) marihuana grower, processor and retailer may operate from a single location, as authorized by Section 6, Subsection 5, of the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act (Initiated Law 1 of 2018), but in such case said establishment(s) shall be located in an area zoned for industrial or agricultural uses, as specified in Administrative Rule 24.
I. 
A marihuana retailer establishment shall only be open to the public between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., Monday through Saturday. A marihuana retailer establishment shall not be open on Sunday.
J. 
A microbusiness retailer component shall only be open to the public between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., Monday through Saturday. A microbusiness retailer component shall not be open on Sunday.
K. 
All signage and advertising shall comply with Township of Lawrence, Van Buren County and/or MDOT regulations.
L. 
A licensed recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment shall consent to inspection of the facility by Township officials, including Township police officers, upon reasonable notice, to verify compliance with this chapter.
M. 
The Township expressly reserves the right to amend or repeal this chapter in any way, including, but not limited to, complete elimination of or reduction in the type and/or number of licenses for recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments authorized to operate within the Township.
There is hereby established an annual nonrefundable Township recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment fee in the amount of $5,000, for each licensed recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment within the Township, to help defray administrative and enforcement costs associated therewith. An initial annual recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment fee of $5,000 shall be payable at the time of application for Township authorization and thereafter the same amount shall be payable each year on or before January 5. The Township may prorate the application fee based on the application date and/or renewal application date.
A. 
It is hereby expressly declared that nothing in this chapter be held or construed to give or grant to any authorized recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment a vested right, privilege or permit to continued licensure from the Township for operations within the Township.
B. 
Each license is exclusive to the licensee and cannot be sold or transferred. The attempted transfer, sale or other conveyance of an interest in a license without prior approval of the Planning Commission and/or Township Board is grounds for suspension or revocation of the license or for other appropriate sanction.
C. 
The Township Board, after notice and hearing, may suspend, revoke or refuse to renew a license for any of the following reasons:
(1) 
The applicant or licensee, or his/her agent, manager or employee, has violated, does not meet or has failed to comply with any of the terms, requirements, conditions of provisions of this chapter or with any applicable state or local law or regulation;
(2) 
The recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment has operated in a manner that adversely affects the public health, safety and welfare.
D. 
Evidence to support a finding for nonrenewal, suspension or revocation of a license may include, without limitation, a continuing pattern of conduct of drug-related criminal complaints within the premises of the recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment or in the immediate surrounding area or an ongoing nuisance condition emanating from or caused by a recreational (adult use) marihuana establishment.
E. 
An applicant may appeal any Township decision regarding licensure, nonrenewal, suspension or revocation of a license to the full Township Board, upon written request. An applicant requesting such appeal shall submit the request in writing to the Township Clerk, which request shall include reasons for the appeal. The Township Clerk shall, within a reasonable time thereafter, provide notice to the applicant of the time and date of the Township Board meeting at which the appeal will be heard. At such Township Board meeting, the applicant will have the opportunity to present his/her case supporting their appeal request.
A. 
Any person who violates, disobeys, omits, neglects or refuses to comply with any provision of this chapter or rule or regulation adopted pursuant hereto, or any permit or approval issued hereunder, or any amendment thereof, or any person who knowingly or intentionally aids or abets another person in violation of this chapter, shall be in violation of this chapter and shall be responsible for a municipal civil infraction under Chapter 25 of the Lawrence Township Code of Compiled Ordinances.
B. 
A violation of this chapter is a municipal civil infraction, for which the fines shall not be less than $100 nor more than $500 for the first offense and not less than $250 nor more than $500 for subsequent offenses, in the discretion of the Court. For purposes of this section, "subsequent offenses" means a violation of the provisions of this chapter committed by the same person within 12 months of a previous violation of the same provision of this chapter for which said person admitted responsibility or was adjudicated to be responsible. The foregoing sanctions shall be in addition to the rights of the Township to proceed at law or equity with other appropriate and proper remedies. Additionally, the violator shall pay costs which may include all expenses, direct and indirect, which the Township incurs in connection with the municipal civil infraction. This section is not intended to conflict with the penalty provisions in the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act, Initiated Law 1 of 2018, MCLA § 333.27951 et seq., as may be amended.
C. 
This chapter shall be administered and enforced by the Township's Ordinance Enforcement Officer, Township police officers or by such other person(s) as designated by the Township Board from time to time.
The provisions of this chapter are hereby declared to be severable. If any clause, sentence, word, section or provision is hereafter declared void or unenforceable for any reason by a court of competent jurisdiction, it shall not affect the remainder of such ordinance, which shall continue in full force and effect. The provisions herein shall be construed as not interfering or conflicting with the statutory regulations for licensing recreational (adult use) marihuana establishments pursuant to the Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act (Initiated Law 1 of 2018).
All ordinance or parts of ordinances in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.
This chapter shall take effect 30 days after publication after adoption.