City of Richmond, MO
Ray County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
A. 
General.
1. 
No building or structure shall be erected, converted or structurally altered nor shall any building, structure or land be used for any purpose without provision for off-street parking and loading as required by this Article.
2. 
Any new construction including driveways, driveway ramps, parking stalls and aisles, including pavement, drainage, landscaping, screen fencing and lighting, shall conform to these standards and all requirements of the municipal code. All spaces and driveways must be designed to function properly. City inspections are required at appropriate times to ensure that all specifications are met.
B. 
Certain Requirements.
1. 
When Off-Street Parking And Loading Is Required. Off-street parking and loading shall be provided at the time of the erection, conversion or structural alteration of any building or structure or establishment, conversion or extension of any use of land.
2. 
If the proposed parking lot plan is a stand-alone project, i.e., not associated with building improvements requiring a building permit, the builder shall obtain a land use permit from the Community Development Department and/or a right-of-way permit from Public Works prior to constructing a new or modifying an existing parking lot or driveway. To obtain a permit, a plan for the project must be submitted to the Community Development Department and/or Public Works.
3. 
Any redesign or reconfiguration to a parking lot, other than maintenance purposes, also requires approval of a land use permit by the Community Development Department.
4. 
Plans for the parking lots shall conform to City standards, (APWA design guidelines, KC-Chapter), and shall show design for erosion control, grading, paving, striping, signing, curbing, lighting, landscaping, trash enclosures, drainage facilities, etc.
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
A. 
The provision of off-street parking and loading space shall be a continuing obligation of the owner of the real estate on which any use is located. It shall be unlawful for an owner of any building or land use activity affected by the off-street parking and loading requirements of this Article to discontinue, reduce or dispense with (or cause same) the required off-street parking or loading space established by this Article.
B. 
Whenever off-street parking is required and cannot be provided within the principal building or on the same lot as the principal building and is located on another parcel or property as permitted by this Article, such parcel or property shall be owned by the owner of the principal building or, in the alternative, shall be restricted by a recorded agreement to off-street parking purposes during the lifetime of the principal building, or as long as off-street parking is required for such principal building in accordance with the terms of this Article and shall be located within three hundred (300) feet of the proposed building.
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
A. 
Permanently surfaced, dust-free off-street parking shall be provided for such use enumerated and in the amount as specified in the table of off-street parking requirements. Where off-street parking is provided or required for three (3) or more vehicles, the parking must be so situated as to prevent backing into public streets.
B. 
In the case of a use for which off-street parking requirements are not specifically enumerated or mentioned, the requirements for off-street parking for a use which is similar shall apply. Similarity to be determined by the Community Development Director.
C. 
Any off-street parking lot not required by the provisions of this Article but which is voluntarily provided shall observe all requirements of this Article in the development of such parking area.
D. 
Improvement Of Parking Areas. All parking areas and drives, except as herein provided, shall be ready for use upon occupying a building. The City may grant an extension by issuing a temporary certificate of occupancy when weather conditions are not satisfactory for placing paving materials. All locations of parking lot and driveway accesses to City streets will be subject to approval by the City on consideration of sight triangles and setback from intersections. In addition the following regulations shall apply:
1. 
Pavement, Curbs And Marking Standards. Parking lots and driveways shall be paved with a dust-free, all weather surface such as asphaltic concrete (AC) or Portland Cement Concrete (PCC four thousand (4,000) psi minimum) and meet all of the City's construction standards (KC-APWA). The minimum thickness shall be as follows:
a. 
Driveways serving single- through four-family dwellings shall be surfaced with either asphalt or concrete as follows:
(1) 
Asphalt Standard. Three (3) inches of hot mix asphalt on a minimum of four (4) inch crushed stone aggregate base.
(2) 
Concrete Standard. Six (6) inches of concrete placed on the ROW, with four (4) inches placed on private property.
b. 
Parking lots and driveways serving other than single-family through four-family dwellings:
(1) 
Asphalt Standard. Five (5) inches of asphalt over six (6) inches of compacted aggregate stone base.
(2) 
Concrete Standard. Six (6) inches of (PCC) on a minimum of four (4) inches of compacted stone base.
In any fill areas where a parking lot is constructed, the sub-grade shall be compacted to ninety-five percent (95%) Maximum Standard Density and compaction test shall be submitted to the Community Development Department for verification. In parking lot areas where fire access lanes are needed, the pavement must be constructed to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus weighing at least seventy-five thousand (75,000) pounds. All drives and parking areas shall have curbs (except those serving single- through four-family dwellings) and all curbing shall meet the City's construction standards (KC-APWA). All spaces shall be marked, with disabled spaces having special pavement marking in each space per ADA guidelines. Directional entrances, loading zones, and exit aisles shall be signed and marked on pavement.
2. 
Alternate Permanent Paving Standards.
a. 
The Community Development Department and Public Works may approve alternatives to AC or PCC paving on private property. Alternative paving materials, when installed according to manufacturer's specifications, shall provide a suitable, all weather, load-bearing surface to support passenger cars and light duty trucks. Alternative paving materials for driveways or parking lots serving large commercial vehicles or fire trucks must be designed to accommodate a maximum vehicle weight of seventy-five thousand (75,000) pounds. Alternative paving materials over City utility easements will not be repaired or maintained by the City.
b. 
The City may approve such alternative paving to achieve aesthetic and environmental objectives, such as improved appearance, increased water percolation, reduced erosion and runoff, increased aeration and water for tree roots, and increased area available for landscaping, upon finding that the alternative paving will provide public aesthetics or environmental benefits, and is equal to or better than ACC or PCC paving in terms of public safety, performance, strength, quality and durability. Examples of permanent alternative paving surfaces, include, but are not limited to: interlocking pavers, porous AC and PCC paving, cobblestone, or other material judged by the City to be of equivalent performance, strength, quality and durability.
3. 
Geometries. The minimum allowable inside vehicle turning radius in parking and driveway areas shall be twenty (20) feet unless fire apparatus access is necessary, in which case all dimensions will follow the International Fire Code or as required by the Fire Department. Turning radii are not necessarily the radii of curbs around all islands and other improvements. Parking spaces which back directly onto the public street shall be set back a minimum of twenty (20) feet from the back of the right-of-way, regardless of the zoning of the property to prevent vehicles from parking on the right-of-way. No portion of any parking space, except driveways for ingress and egress, shall be permitted on the right-of-way.
4. 
Walls, Walkways, Entrances And Wheel Stops. A parking space facing a wall containing entrances and abutting a walkway to those entrances must be at least four (4) feet clear of such a wall. A parking space facing a building wall containing entrances and abutting a walkway to those entrances must be at least four (4) feet clear of the wall and must have bollards no less than five (5) feet apart or other barrier approved by the Community Development Department sufficient to prevent vehicle incursion into the walkway by a vehicle weighing up to four thousand five hundred (4,500) pounds and traveling up to thirty (30) miles per hour. Wheel stops or bollards may be required if the space is headed into a wall, fence, landscaped area, building, or side of another auto in addition to curbing.
5. 
Overhangs And Encroachments. All parking spaces must be clear of overhangs and encroachments which might interfere with vehicular access.
6. 
Maneuvering. Parking lots with more than six (6) spaces shall be designed so that vehicles will exit onto a public street in a forward direction and with no more than two (2) maneuvers. A maneuver is defined as each motion in either a forward or backward direction. No space will be allowed that requires a vehicle to maneuver onto the public sidewalk in order to exit. All spaces must be designed to enter in one (1) maneuver. A turnaround may be required if it is considered unsafe for a vehicle to back into the street. Commercial and industrial parking lots serving loading zones shall be designed to accommodate access and circulation movements for on-site truck circulation. The City may require wider driveways and aisles as determined and warranted.
7. 
Slope. Parking spaces shall slope no more than five percent (5%) in any direction and no less than five percent (5%) in the direction of drainage. A maximum of ten percent (10%) slope in aisles and turning areas may be allowed. Any drainage swale of less than one percent (1%) slope shall be concrete.
8. 
Loading Zones. Off-street loading zones shall be a minimum of twelve (12) feet wide and twenty-five (25) feet long. Loading zones shall be designed so that trucks parking in them will not encroach onto the public right-of-way or required parking spaces or driveways. Loading spaces designed for large trucks shall have appropriately larger access to allow for maneuvering without encroaching into landscape areas. Loading zones or areas shall not encroach into fire lanes.
9. 
Lighting. All parking lots with more than four (4) parking spaces shall be lighted to one (1) foot-candle per square foot minimum. All lighting shall be directed away from adjacent residential homes.
10. 
Abandoned Driveways. As a condition of any right-of-way permit, all abandoned driveways on the same property shall be removed, landscaped and the curb, gutter and sidewalk properly restored.
11. 
Improved parking areas and drives shall be designed with approved drainage facilities according to City construction standards (KC-APWA).
12. 
Parking Lot Maintenance. It shall be the duty of the property owner to maintain and repair the parking lot and driveway improvements in accordance with the standards to which they were designed. Such parking areas shall be replaced or resurfaced should they become cracked, broken, or deteriorated to the extent it creates a nuisance.
13. 
Common Access Driveways. Common access driveways may be permitted in new subdivisions where a common driveway is proposed as part of the subdivision approval. The driveway must meet all applicable codes for the location of the drive and it must be determined that there is no significant potential for conflict between the parties sharing the driveway because of its location, length, grade, usage, or other characteristics.
14. 
For Residential Use. Before granting any permit authorizing the construction of a common access driveway or structures to be served by said driveway, the City shall require an easement to be filed with the County recorder setting forth driveway usage rights and responsibilities for each parcel served. At minimum, the required easement shall include the following statements:
a. 
All affected property owners will be jointly responsible for the improvement and maintenance of all parts of the common access driveway.
b. 
All parking on the commonly used portions of the driveway is prohibited.
c. 
If the easement is abandoned or dissolved, each lot previously served by the common access driveway shall be provided with standard access as required by these regulations.
d. 
The driveway shall serve no more than four (4) residential units unless special circumstances warrant the granting of an exception by the City.
15. 
For Commercial And Industrial Use. Before granting any permit authorizing the construction of any common access driveway to serve the premises zoned or used for commercial or industrial purposes, the City may impose the requirements listed above for residential uses as well as any additional requirements or conditions it deems necessary or appropriate.
E. 
Location, design and general adequacy of ingress and egress of parking areas will be approved by the Community Development Director.
F. 
Off-Street Parking For Persons With Disabilities. Off-street parking facilities shall be designed and constructed in accordance with all requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards.
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018; Ord. No. 2488, 7-23-2019]
Use
Parking Spaces Required
Amusement game parlors, pool halls and other similar recreational buildings
1 for each 200 square feet of gross building area.
Apartment hotel
1 for each guest room or residence unit
Assembly hall and auditorium
1 for each 3 seats of maximum seating capacity of the main assembly room
Assembly hall and exhibition hall without fixed seats
1 for each 100 square feet of usable floor area
Automobile service station
1 for each lubrication stall or area and 1 for each 2 gasoline pumps
Automotive, boat, trailer and farm implements sales
1 space per 500 square feet of gross building area plus 1 space per 3,000 square feet of outdoor display area
Auto wash (mechanical assembly line service)
20 spaces minimum for customers awaiting service
Auto wash, self-service
1 per each stall
Auto repair garage
1 for each 500 square feet of floor area minimum 5 spaces
Bank or savings and loan office (for drive-in type, see drive-in establishments)
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Barber and beauty shop
2 for each shop operator
Bed and breakfast facilities
2 for the owners and 1 for each guest room
Boardinghouse
1 for each boarder
Bowling alley
5 for each alley plus required space for any bar, restaurant and/or assembly space which may be part of bowling alley
Childcare/Daycare Facilities
1 space per staff person on the maximum shift.
Children's home
1 for each 6 beds
Church
1 for each 4 seats in sanctuary or auditorium
Clubs — Night
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area
Clubs — Country, golf or private
1 for every 2 members
College, university or other institution of higher learning above high school level
1 for every 4 students. If dormitories are not available 1 for every 2 students
Community center
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Dance hall or ballroom
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area used for dancing
Dance or music studio
1 for each 200 square feet of floor area
Day camp
1 for each 10 persons
Dormitories
1 for each 2 beds plus 1 for each 100 square feet of usable floor area
Drive-in eating place with service to automobile
12 minimum plus 1 for each 50 square feet of building floor area
Drive-in eating place without service to automobile
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area
Drive-in establishment, general
1 for each 50 square feet of floor area
Dry cleaning shop (automatic services)
1 for each 2 dry cleaning machines
Dwellings:
One- and two-family dwelling
2 for each dwelling unit
Multi-family dwellings (3 or more dwelling units)
2 for each dwelling unit
Fraternity and sorority house
1 for each 2 members or residents
Fraternal organization
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area with minimum of 10 spaces
Funeral home
5 for each room used as a slumber room or parlor or 1 for each 75 square feet of floor area of assembly rooms used for services, whichever is greater
Furniture and appliance store
1 for each 800 square feet of usable floor area
Golf courses
4 spaces per hole.
Health center
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Hospital — General acute care
1 space shall be reserved for doctors for each 10 patient beds, plus 1 space per 4 patient beds, plus 1 space per 1.5 employees, exclusive of doctor parking spaces.
Hotel
1 for each guest unit plus 1 space for each 10 guest units, plus required parking for any restaurant and/or assembly space in hotel
Industrial establishment
1 for each 4 employees, based on estimated maximum daily or maximum eight-hour shift requirements in twenty-four-hour period
Institution of a charitable nature
1 for each 2 employees plus 1 for each 10 residents
Laundromat
1 for each 2 washing machines
Library and museum
1 for each 500 square feet of floor area
Machinery sales, indoor
1 for each 500 square feet of floor area, minimum 5 spaces
Maintenance shop, in building
1 for each 400 square feet of floor area
Manufactured homes
2 for each dwelling unit
Manufacturing, wholesaling and storage businesses
1 space per 500 square feet of gross floor area
Marina
1 for each boat berth not to include area required for winter boat storage
Markets and farmer's markets
1.5 spaces per each booth or stand
Medical and dental offices and outpatient clinics
1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area
Medical Marijuana dispensary facility
1 space per 300 square feet of retail plus 1 space per 400 square feet of office
Medical marijuana cultivation facility
1 space per 5,000 square feet of grow and process area plus 1 space per 400 square feet of office.
Motor vehicle sales — Indoors
1 for each 400 square feet of usable floor area of salesroom and 1 for each auto service stall in the service area
Nursery — Open or enclosed retail sales areas
1 for each 600 square feet of sales area
Nursery school
1 for each 10 pupils
Nursing, convalescent, or retirement home
1 for each 6 beds
Office building and office, general
1 for each 300 square feet of floor area exclusive of basement or other interior space used for mechanical services and areas within the building used for parking cars
Outdoor sales lot
1 for each 1,000 square feet of site area
Personal service establishment (see also barber and beauty parlors)
1 for each 200 square feet of floor area
Professional office
1 for each 200 square feet of floor area
Repair shop — In building
1 for each 400 square feet of floor area
Research and testing laboratory
1 for each 2 employees computed on the basis of the greatest number of persons employed at any 1 period during the day or night
Restaurants and/or bars
1.5 spaces per 100 square feet of gross floor area
Retail shop — Under 2,000 square feet of floor area
1 for each 200 square feet of floor area
Retail shop — 2,000 square feet of floor area or over
10 plus 1 for each 400 square feet of floor area in excess of the first 2,000 square feet of floor area
Rooming houses
1 for each guest room, but not less than 2 in any case
Sanitarium
1 for each 6 beds
Schools — Elementary or junior high, public or parochial
1 for each teacher, employee or administrator in addition to the requirements of the auditorium or assembly hall. If no auditorium or assembly hall exists, then 2 spaces per classroom are required in addition to that required for each teacher, employee or administrator in the school
School — Business, vocational or trade
1 for each 4 students
School — High school, public or parochial
1 for each teacher, employee and administrator and 1 for every 7 students in addition to the requirements of the auditorium or assembly hall
Shopping center:
a.
1 acre or less in size
250 square feet of off-street parking for each 100 square feet of building area
b.
More than 1 acre in size
300 square feet of off-street parking for each 100 square feet of building area
Skating rink
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area
Sports arena or stadium
1 for each 3 seats or 6 feet of bench length
Storage of:
Gravel, petroleum products, sand, etc., in open
1 for each 2,000 square feet of total site area
Theater
1 for each 4 seats
Tourist home
1 for each transient offered tourist accommodation, in addition to parking spaces required for permanent residents of the building
Tourist cabin
1 for each lodging unit
Veterinary clinic
1 for each 300 square feet of floor area
Warehouse and enclosed storage, or wholesale operation
1 for each 1,000 square feet of floor area or 1 space for each 3 employees, whichever is greater
Welfare center
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
For every building, structure or part thereof intended or used for manufacturing, warehousing, retailing, wholesaling or other uses involving receipt or distribution of vehicles, materials, supplies or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the lot adequate space for standing, loading and unloading services. Such loading and unloading space shall be an area at least fourteen (14) feet by fifty (50) feet, with eighteen-foot height clearance, and shall be provided according to the following table, see Section 406.120.
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
Kind of class or use
Number of loading spaces required
Number of square feet of gross floor area (except floor area below the ground story) in buildings used for retail and wholesale, manufacture and storage, etc.:
3,000 to 24,999 (incl.)
1
25,000 to 84,999
2
85,000 to 154,999
3
155,000 to 234,999
4
235,000 to 324,999
5
325,000 to 424,999
6
425,000 to 534,999
7
535,000 to 654,999
8
655,000 to 774,999
9
775,000 to 924,999
10
Kind of class or use
Number of loading spaces required
Number of square feet of gross floor area (except floor area below the ground story) in office buildings, hotels, hospitals and institutions:
3,000 to 99,999 (incl.)
1
100,000 to 334,999
2
335,000 to 624,999
3
625,000 to 944,999
4
945,000 to 1,299,999
5
1,300,000 to 1,695,000
6
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
A. 
Floor Area. "Floor area," when used as a measurement for determining the number of parking spaces for office, merchandising or service uses, shall mean the gross floor area used or intended to be used for service to the public as patrons or patients, including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for display or sale of merchandise. It shall not include areas used principally for non-public purposes such as storage, processing or packaging of merchandise, show windows, offices for rest rooms or utilities, dressing, fitting or alteration rooms.
B. 
Beds. Bassinets shall not be counted as beds in determining the number of parking spaces based upon the number of beds.
C. 
Places Of Assembly. In stadia, sports arenas, churches and other places of assembly in which patrons or spectators occupy benches, pews or other similar seating facilities, each twenty (20) inches of such seating facilities shall be counted as one (1) seat for determining the number of off-street parking spaces required.
[Ord. No. 2470, 11-13-2018]
A. 
Off-street parking for one- and two-family dwellings shall be located on the lot of the use it serves and shall be adjacent and adjoining the existing City street for a permanently surfaced dust-free parking space. Off-street parking for any other use shall be located on or within three hundred (300) feet of the lot occupied by the use it serves as measured along lines of public access. Off-street parking shall also be adjacent and adjoining the existing City street for a permanently surfaced dust-free parking lot. The Public Works Director or his/her designee shall approve all driveway entrances.
B. 
No off-street parking area shall be located on any part of a lot which is required as open space by the provisions of these zoning regulations.
C. 
Off-street parking areas for four (4) or more vehicles shall be located not less than ten (10) feet from any dwelling, school, hospital or institution for human care, located either upon the same lot or upon any adjacent lot.
D. 
Off-street parking areas and loading zones of four (4) or more spaces found in view of or located on land adjacent to property zoned "R-1," "R-2" or "R-3" shall be screened with screen or fence having a density of not less than one hundred percent (100%) and at least six (6) feet in height.
E. 
Off-street parking and loading of four (4) or more spaces found in view of or located on land adjacent to property zoned "R-1," "R-2" or "R-3" shall not be lighted in any manner which allows intense light or glare beyond the common parking lot boundary. The design of same to be approved by the Community Development Director.
F. 
Off-street parking spaces shall be a minimum of nine (9) feet by twenty (20) feet for each space.