[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Borough of Shrewsbury 4-25-1961 (Ch. 116 of the 1973 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
A code regulating the location, construction, use, maintenance and method of emptying or cleaning individual sewage disposal systems, the issuance of permits to locate, construct, empty or clean said systems, and fixing penalties for the violation thereof is hereby adopted pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:9A. A copy of said code is annexed hereto and made a part hereof without inclusion of the text thereof herein.
No privy or cesspool shall, after the effective date of this chapter, be constructed, installed, used or maintained within the Borough of Shrewsbury.
There shall be and there is hereby exscinded from the above-mentioned code hereby adopted so much of Sections 3 and 15 thereof as pertains to cesspools.
The said code established and adopted by this chapter is described and commonly known as the "Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems" (N.J.A.C. 7:9A).
Three copies of the said Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (N.J.A.C. 7:9A) have been placed on file in the office of the Secretary, Clerk or other similar officer of the Board of Health upon the introduction of this chapter and will remain on file in said office for the use and examination of the public.
No person shall locate, construct or alter any individual sewage disposal system until a permit for the location, construction or alteration of said sewage disposal system shall have been issued by the Board of Health.
No individual sewage disposal system or any part thereof shall be constructed except in strict accordance with such plans and specifications and application as are submitted to and approved by the Board of Health, and in accordance with the terms and conditions of any permit issued thereunder and therefor.
No part of any individual sewage disposal system shall be located or constructed closer than 15 feet to any dwelling, restaurant or other place of public assembly; nor shall any part of such system be constructed in any place reserved to, used for or subject to, without special permission from the Board of Health, the passage of motor vehicles; nor shall any area in which any part of a sewage disposal system is located be paved over with concrete, bituminous or other paving hard surface; nor shall any part of such system be constructed in ground subject to surface flooding or where groundwater may interfere with the satisfactory percolation of sewage; nor shall any sanitary sewage or the flowing from any individual sewage disposal system be discharged into any well upon the surface of the ground, upon any thoroughfare, nor shall it be discharged into any watercourse.
The Board of Health may issue a permit if an application for the same is accompanied by a certificate made by an engineer licensed to practice professional engineering in New Jersey, stating that the design of the individual sewage disposal system as proposed is in compliance with the code and said application has been reviewed and approved by the local Board of Health.
Notwithstanding the provision of the said code pertaining to septic tanks, the following higher requirements for single-family dwellings shall govern insofar as the liquid capacity of the tank is concerned, and also requirements for commercial institutions, offices or stores:
Four bedrooms or less, single-family dwelling: not less than 1,500 gallons capacity.
Five or six bedrooms, single-family dwelling: not less than 1,750 gallons capacity.
For commercial institutions, offices or stores: a minimum of 1,500 gallons capacity and a grease trap as required by the Plumbing Inspector.
Final grading of lots in the area and location of sewage disposal systems shall be such that no more than 18 inches of soil covers the septic tank. Cover for disposal pits and trenches shall conform to the drawings and be at final grade level.
No septic tank or dry well shall be left uncovered nor shall any septic tank or dry well be abandoned without first obtaining approval from the Board of Health.
New individual disposal systems shall not be placed in operation, nor shall new dwellings or buildings or additions thereto be sold or occupied which must rely on such a system for sewage disposal, until the Board of Health shall have issued a certificate indicating that said plumbing system and said disposal system have been located and constructed, including the posting in a conspicuous place near the building sewer trap of a diagram showing the exact location of septic tank, dry wells, laterals and their measurements thereon, in compliance with the terms of the permit issued and the requirements of the aforesaid code. Issuance of such certificates shall not be required for alteration to an existing individual sewage disposal system.
Editor's Note: Former § 116-5B, regarding certificates of completion; former § 116-6, License required for septic tank cleaners; and former § 116-7, Hearing after denial of license or certification, which immediately followed this section, were deleted at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 270, General Provisions, Board of Health, Art. I).
The Board of Health may, in its discretion, refuse to issue any permit applied for until the plans submitted with the application are amended if in the Board's opinion the same do not suit or conform to the soil composition or if any other matters be required which will tend to render the location not obnoxious and not a hazard or danger to the public health or to the public safety. Percolation tests shall not be acceptable to the Board of Health that have been taken in frozen ground or below freezing temperatures and/or filled ground unless earth has been suitably compacted or has been in place for six months. Wherever the grade has been changed more than 24 inches, either fill or cut, a new percolation test shall be made in the new location as directed by the Board. Percolation tests shall be performed by a licensed professional engineer of the State of New Jersey and the resultant data tabulated on a percolation test report with a certificate to the effect that the percolation tests were made on the premises in accordance with the procedure prescribed by the Department of Environmental Protection, State of New Jersey, and that the engineer's seal be affixed and signed thereon.
The Board of Health may, on its own motion and prior to the issuance of any permit applied for, inspect the proposed site to determine soil composition, drainage conditions or any other matters which it may deem advisable or necessary in order to protect the public health and public safety.
The Board of Health may order all further work in and about any individual sewage disposal system which is being erected or installed in violation of the code, to be stopped forthwith, except such work as shall be necessary to remedy such violation, and, thereafter, the work continued without any violation of any of the provisions of the code, and after issuance of any such order and the service of a copy thereof upon any person connected with or working in and about the erection or installation of any such disposal system or any part thereof, no further work shall be done thereon except as aforesaid.
No person shall alter, repair, renovate and construct any existing individual subsurface sewage disposal system until a permit has been issued by the local Board of Health. Application for a permit to alter, repair, renovate and construct any existing individual sewage disposal system shall be made to the Board of Health and shall be accompanied by three sets of plans and specifications. In addition to the foregoing, there shall be included with the application a plot plan of the property showing the existing facilities and proposed additions or changes thereto, including actual dimensions and locations of septic tanks, dry wells, seepage pits and/or laterals, and a statement to the effect that the provisions of all applicable ordinances and codes adopted by the Board of Health, Borough of Shrewsbury, will be fully complied with. The Health Officer or Sanitary Inspector shall inspect the individual sewage disposal system prior to the covering up of any portion of an individual sewage disposal system to determine whether there has been complete compliance with this chapter and the code.
Fees and charges are herewith established in conformance with the current schedule of fees as adopted by the Monmouth County Regional Health Commission.
Any person or persons, firm or corporation violating any of the provisions of or any order promulgated under this chapter or the Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (N.J.A.C. 7:9A) made a part hereof shall, upon conviction thereof, pay a penalty of not less than $250 nor more than $500 for each violation.
Each day a particular violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.