Township of Washington, PA
Franklin County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the Township of Washington as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Uniform Construction Codes — See Ch. 145.
Sewers — See Ch. 271.
Subdivision and land development — See Ch. 310.
[Adopted 2-23-2000 by Ord. No. 150]
The purpose of this article is to ensure and protect the quality and suitability of individual water supply systems by a permit procedure, to require a permit for the construction of individual and semipublic water supply systems and wells, production wells, test wells and monitoring wells; and to establish minimum construction standards for these systems including their location, installation, reconstruction, replacement, modification, reactivation, or abandonment.
The scope of this article applies to all individual and semipublic water supply systems. Those defined by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection as public water systems (at least 15 service connections or regularly serve no fewer than 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year) are exempt from this article.
The governing body is hereby authorized and empowered to undertake within the Township the regulation of the construction of all water wells for domestic purposes.
The governing body is hereby authorized and empowered to adopt such rules and regulations concerning well drilling which it may deem necessary from time to time to effect the purposes herein.
All such rules and regulations adopted by the governing body shall be in conformity with the provisions herein; all other ordinances of the Township, and all applicable laws, and applicable rules and regulations of administrative agencies of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
The governing body shall have the right and power to fix, charge, and collect rates, assessments and other charges in the municipality at reasonable and uniform rates as authorized by applicable law.
A. 
This article shall apply to all wells which have not been completed, or which are not in operation or in operable condition at the time of passage of this article.
B. 
This article shall also apply for all alterations to an existing well.
C. 
This article shall not apply to normal maintenance and minor repairs to keep the well in proper working order.
The following words and terms when used in this article shall have the following meaning unless the context specifically and clearly indicates otherwise:
ABANDONED SUPPLY
A supply, the regular use of which has been discontinued for a period of one year or more, or which is in such a state of disrepair that continued use for the purpose of obtaining ground water is impracticable, or which has been replaced by a new well or public water supply.
ALTERATION
Any action which necessitates entering a well with drilling tools; treating a well to increase yield, altering the physical structure of depth of the well; blasting; removal or replacement of well casing.
ANNULAR SPACE
The space between two cylindrical objects, one of which surrounds the other, such as the space between a drill hole and a casing pipe and a liner pipe.
ANSI
American National Standards Institute.
API
American Petroleum Institute.
AQUIFER
A geological formation that contains and transmits water.
ASTM
American Society for Testing Materials.
AWWA
American Water Works Association.
BACK SIPHONAGE
The flowing back of used, contaminated or polluted water from a plumbing fixture or vessel or other sources into a potable water supply pipe due to negative pressure in such pipe.
CASING
An impervious durable pipe placed in a well to prevent the walls from caving and to seal off surface drainage or undesirable water, gas or other fluids and prevent their entering the well.
COLIFORM
All of the aerobic and facultative anaerobic, gram negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria which are capable of fermenting lactose with gas formation within 48 hours at 35° C.
COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEM
A water system which serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents.
CONSTRUCTION OF WELLS
All acts necessary to obtain groundwater, or artificially recharge groundwater; provided, however, such term does not include an excavation made for the purpose of obtaining or prospecting for oil, natural gas, minerals, or products of mining or quarrying, or for inserting media to repressure oil or natural gas formations or for storing petroleum, natural gas, or other products and services. Construction of wells includes the location and excavation or drilling of the well, but excludes the installation of pumps and pumping equipment.
CONTRACTOR
Any individual, partnership, company, association, corporation, group or entity employed, hired, contracted or otherwise engaged by the owner to perform defined services for compensation.
CROSS CONNECTION
An arrangement allowing either direct or indirect connection through which backflow, including back siphonage, can occur between the drinking water in a public water system and a system containing a potential source of contamination.
DEP
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
FLOWING WELL
A well that yields water by artesian pressure at the ground surface.
GOVERNING BODY
The Supervisors of Washington Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania.
GROUNDWATER
Water within the earth below the water table within the zone of satisfaction. Groundwater includes both water under-water table conditions and confined within deep aquifers.
GROUT
A permanent watertight joint or connection made by filling with concrete, neat cement, or other approved impervious material between the casing and the undisturbed formation surrounding the well or between two strings of casing.
INDIVIDUAL WATER SUPPLY
A system including wells, pumps, and piping equipment, which supplies water to a private home.
INSTALLATION OF PUMPS AND PUMPING EQUIPMENT
The procedure employed in the placement and preparation for operation of pumps and pumping equipment, including all construction involved in making entrance to the well and establishing seals but not including repairs to existing installations.
MUNICIPALITY
The Township of Washington, Franklin County, Pennsylvania.
NSF
National Sanitation Foundation.
NONCOMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS
A public water system which is not a community water system.
OWNER
Any person vested with sole or partial, legal or equitable ownership of property located in the Township.
PERSON
Any individual, partnership, company, association, corporation or other group or entity.
PITLESS ADAPTOR
A device or assembly of parts which will permit water to pass through the wall of the well casing or extension thereof, and which provides access to the well and to the parts of the water system within the well in a manner to prevent entrance of pollution into the well and the water produced.
PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM
A system which provides water to the public for human consumption which has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year. The term is either a community or noncommunity system and includes collection, treatment, storage and distribution facilities under the control of the operator of the system and used in connection with the system. The term also includes a system which provides water for bottling or bulk hauling for human consumption.
SEMIPUBLIC WATER SUPPLY
A water supply which services one or several facilities such as industrial or commercial establishments, parks, camps, hotels, motels, schools, institutions, eating and drinking establishments or a water supply which services two or more dwelling units and is not a public water system as defined by the Pennsylvania Safe Drinking Water Act (35 P.S. § 721.1 et seq.).
TOWNSHIP
Washington Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania governmental jurisdiction or governing body represented by the Board of Township Supervisors.
WELL
Any excavation that is drilled, cored, bored, washed, driven, dug, jetted, or otherwise constructed when the intended use of such excavation is for the location, acquisition or artificial recharge of groundwater. This includes but is not limited to test wells, test borings, and monitoring wells, in addition to wells to be utilized as individual or semipublic water supplies.
WELL DRILLER
An individual or company that is permitted or licensed by the State of Pennsylvania to drill wells in Pennsylvania.
WELL SEAL
An approved device or method used to protect a well casing or water system from the entrance of any external pollutant at the point of entrance into the casing of a pipe, electric conduit or water level measuring device.
WELL TAG
A metal marking device supplied by the Township for installation on the well cap for every new or reconstructed water well or geothermal well.
The owner of the property on which a well for domestic water use is to be utilized shall:
A. 
Apply to Washington Township Supervisors for a well permit, providing, on the prescribed form: name and address of applicant, name and address of landowner where well is to be drilled, name and address and license number of well driller, site location and address, and proposed date for drilling to begin. A site plan (sketch) showing location of existing or proposed buildings, driveways, septic systems, and other wells must be attached to the application.
B. 
Have all wells constructed by a qualified Pennsylvania licensed well driller to meet, at a minimum, the rules and regulations of this article and any administrative agency of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
C. 
Submit any relevant information or data concerning the constructed well to the governing body, including a signed well completion report and a copy of well water test results obtained from the well driller.
The source of supply shall be from a water-bearing formation drawn not less than 35 feet from the ground surface. Capped wells shall be located at a point free from flooding, at a higher elevation (wherever possible) and at the following minimum setback distances to existing or potential sources of pollution:
Source of Pollution
Minimum Setback Distance
(feet)
Lakes, ponds, streams or other surface waters
25
Storm drains, retention basins, stabilization ponds or stormwater management facilities
25
Preparation area or storage area of hazardous spray materials, fertilizers of chemicals, salt piles
100
Gravity sewer lines and drains carrying domestic sewage or industrial waste
50
Septic tanks, aerobic tanks or holding tanks
50
Subsurface sewage disposal systems, elevated sand mounds, other sewage disposal fields
100
Sewage seepage pits, cesspools
100
Farm silos, barnyards, privies and fuel tanks
100
Rainwater pits, ditches
25
Spray irrigation sites, sewage sludge and septage disposal sites
100
Property lines, driveways, and private roads
10
Dedicated public right-of-way
20
Building foundations (except for buildings enclosing water wells and/or water well pumps)
30
Any other source of pollution
As approved
A. 
Casing.
(1) 
All wells supplying individual or semipublic water supplies shall be equipped with watertight and durable wrought iron, steel, plastic (PVC) or other type approved casing with a minimum wall thickness of 0.1875 for iron and 0.175 for PVC (Schedule 80).
(2) 
The sections of casing shall be joined together by threaded couplings or joints, welding or other watertight approved method. The casing shall be carried to a minimum depth of 40 feet and then extended an additional 10 feet into firm bedrock or other impervious strata and grouted in place. Casing and grouting must be compatible. Pressure grouting is required for all wells by running tremie pipe to bottom along casing. Cement concrete or bentonite are encouraged for use in grouting. Casing shall extend at least eight inches above ground surface. The borehole should be three inches larger than the outside diameter of casing to allow for grout.
(3) 
In areas known to be contaminated, the minimum depth for casing shall be 40 feet. The criteria established in AWWA Standards A100-84 must be followed.
B. 
Well depth. The minimum drilled depth for any water well is 80 feet from surface of the ground.
C. 
Ferrous casing. Ferrous casing shall be new pipe meeting ASTM or API specifications for water well construction. It shall be equipped with a drive shoe or other effective casing seal and have full circumference welds or threaded pipe joints.
D. 
Nonferrous casing. Nonferrous casing shall meet appropriate ANSI, ASTM or NSF standards for water well casing applications. It shall not be driven.
E. 
Grouting.
(1) 
An annular space shall be provided between the well casing and the earth formation. It shall be completely filled with approved grout materials in one continuous operation under pressure from the bottom of the casing to the natural ground surface within 24 hours of completion of drilling. No activity in and around the well should occur within 48 hours after grouting of the casing or within two hours if using bentonite.
(2) 
In the event that grouting is done following completion of all drilling operations, all obstructions must be completely cleared prior to placement of grout material. The casing shall be sealed be grouting or minimum of 15 feet each above and below the polluted or undesirable water-bearing zone.
(3) 
During the installation of a pitless adaptor, grout material may be removed from the exterior of the casing in order to provide a watertight seal between the casing and this adaptor. For such an adaptor, a ditch at least three feet deep will be required along with conduits, stone, dust or sand. A sanitary well cap shall be incorporated for protection from leakage and identification of the well, respectively.
F. 
Packer. Packers when used shall be of material that will not impart adverse taste, odor, toxic substances or bacterial contamination to the well water.
G. 
Gravel packs. Gravel packs, when used, shall be 95% siliceous material and placed in uniform continuous operation. Refill pipes shall be Schedule 40 Steel and in the annular opening surrounded by a minimum of 1 1/2 inches of grout. Protection from leakage shall be guaranteed.
H. 
Pits. Pit installations are discouraged where the casing terminates below the ground surface. If they must be used, the floor shall be a watertight reinforced concrete platform at least four inches thick and extending from the casing at least two feet in all directions. The casing shall extend from the floor of the pit for at least 12 inches. The walls of the pit shall be at least four inches thick of the same material or its equivalent. A durable watertight manhole, a minimum of two feet in diameter, shall be installed in the top of the pit, which also shall be a reinforced concrete slab of at least four inches in thickness. Pit installations shall not be used in flood-prone areas or fluctuating water tables which rise within one foot of the bottom of the proposed pit. Where pipes enter the pit, the annular space between the pipes and the wall shall be effectively sealed in a watertight permanent manner.
I. 
Pitless installations.
(1) 
Pitless installations are those where the casing terminates above the ground surface. Where used, they shall be effectively sealed. All buried suction lines shall be encased. The access casing shall be protected against corrosion and shall extend at least eight inches above the natural ground surface and to a point below the frost line. This area shall be designed for blockage of water, insects, and rodents.
(2) 
Pitless adaptors cannot be installed with torch or flame, but must be installed using hole saw or drill.
J. 
Well screens. Well screens shall provide maximum amount of open area while still maintaining structural strength. They shall have the size of openings based on a sieve analysis to preclude entry by sand, silt, and other undesirable elements.
K. 
Well cap. Install a secure, screened, varmint-free well cap on all wells to prevent any surface pollutants from entering the well or any vandalism to the well or aquifer. In the event of a flowing well, well cap must stop overflow from well.
L. 
Well tag. An identification tag must be permanently attached to each new or reconstructed water well or each geothermal well. These tags will be issued by Washington Township at the time the application for the well permit is approved.
M. 
Venting. Where venting is required, an overlapping cover or pipe with an opening facing downward shall be required. In no case shall openings be less than 12 inches from the ground or the floor in case of pit installations.
N. 
Monitoring wells. Monitoring wells shall be designed such as to minimize potential contamination of the aquifer and to maximize the information obtained from each such well.
O. 
Heat pumps. Heat pump (geothermal) installations shall be designed and constructed to provide an effective watertight seal with the well casing or water storage reservoir and to prevent contamination from reaching the water chamber or interior pump surfaces. In closed-loop systems, holes must be grouted from bottom to top with cement or bentonite. Open-loop systems must conform to same requirements as water well.
P. 
Power pump installations. The base installed directly over a well casing or pipe sleeve shall be designed to provide an effective watertight seal. It shall be located in a flood-free area. Where power pumps are placed in pits, they shall comply with Subsection N above, and shall be ventilated with a pipe of at least 1 1/2 inches in diameter. The pump and related equipment shall permit convenient access, removal, maintenance and repair. The suction opening shall be placed at least two feet below the maximum drawdown of the water in the well. However, it shall be located at a sufficient distance from the bottom of the well so as to prevent agitation of accumulated sediment.
Q. 
Abandoned water supplies.
(1) 
A permit is required for any existing well that is to be abandoned. Drilled wells shall be filled and sealed by cement, concrete grout or bentonite. Hand-dug wells shall be filled with clean stone to within 10 feet of the top of the well, then concrete to within two feet of ground level.
(2) 
Dry wells being abandoned must be filled with clean stone and the top 18 feet filled with cement or bentonite; however, the top two feet may be covered with topsoil.
R. 
Disinfection. Following completion of construction, the well shall be pumped continuously until the water discharge is clear. It shall be filled with water containing concentration of not less than 100 parts per million of free chlorine. A portion of this solution shall be recirculated directly to the well in order to insure proper agitation. The water shall not be used for a period of 24 hours. Other combinations of water/chlorine concentration and time interval may be used if demonstrated equally effective. Disposal of the purged water shall be at a point so as to minimize adverse effects to aquatic life and in no way directed into any subsurface sewage disposal system. One ounce of dry calcium hypochlorite dissolved in 52.5 gallons of water makes the proper strength disinfectant solution.
S. 
Cross-connections.
(1) 
If pump and piping is not installed by well driller, owner is responsible for proper installation of check valves and backflow protection. Backflow protectors must be incorporated into the system and be used as needed for each outside water hose connectors. At least two check valves must be incorporated into each water system that derives water from a well.
(2) 
Except where not practical, a cross-connection prevention assembly should be provided. For semipublic water supplies, this device is required to be installed at any fixed potable water outlet to which a hose may be connected.
T. 
Well analysis. After well disinfection, collect and analyze water samples for pH, total solids, iron, nitrate-nitrogen, and coliform bacteria. The owner or his representative shall utilize the appropriate means and methods for sampling and stabilization, and obtain sample analysis from a certified lab. One copy of the analysis results shall be provided to the owner of the well and one copy provided to the Township.
U. 
Completion report. Submit one copy of DCNR's water well completion report form 8700-FM-TG-5001S, as may be amended, to the Township. In addition, distribute the remaining copies of this form as directed including one copy to the owner. In the case of geothermal wells, a report must be filed indicating the well was constructed in accordance with this article.
A. 
No individual or semipublic water supply for human consumption shall be constructed or altered where a public water system connection is within 250 feet of the existing or proposed structure and public water service is available to that site.
B. 
Wells for agriculture or other purposes, excluding human consumption, shall be permitted regardless of public water availability.
C. 
Cross-connections between an individual or semipublic water supply and the public water system shall be prohibited.
An application fee, as set by the Township Supervisors, must be paid at the time the complete application for a well permit is presented to the Township office. In no case will the application be approved prior to payment of this fee.
A. 
Upon discovery of any violation of this article, the Township of Washington may, at its option, forego any prosecution hereunder, and may grant to the owner a period of seven calendar days to comply with the provisions of this article. Upon failure of the owner to effect such compliance, the Township may initiate prosecution as hereinabove set forth.
B. 
Any person who violates or permits a violation of this article shall, upon conviction in a summary proceeding brought before a Magisterial District Judge under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, be guilty of a summary offense and shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000, plus costs of prosecution. In default of payment thereof, the defendant may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 90 days. Each day or portion thereof that such violation continues or is permitted to continue shall constitute a separate offense, and each section of this article that is violated shall also constitute a separate offense. The minimum fine to be imposed is $50 per day or portion thereof for a first offense; $100 per day or portion thereof for a second offense and $500 per day or portion thereof for each subsequent offense. The Magisterial District Judge may impose a fine of more than the minimum amounts set forth above.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
In addition to any other remedies provided in this article, any violation of § 348-11 above shall constitute a nuisance and shall be abated by the municipality or the governing body by either seeking mitigation of the nuisance; by institution of a suit or suits in equity to restrain or prevent violations of the aforesaid sections; or by seeking a mandatory preliminary injunction under the applicable provisions of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act; or by seeking other legal relief from a court of competent jurisdiction.
Approval of an application and issuance of a permit for a well on the property described in the application does not constitute any guarantee or warranty by Washington Township regarding quantity or quality of water that may be obtained as a result of any well drilled under the permit. The permit provides Washington Township's approval to drill a well at the site shown on the application, and does not provide any other guarantees, approval, warranties, etc.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
[Adopted 7-7-2004 by Ord. No. 176]
Unless the context specifically and clearly indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms and phrases used in this article shall be as follows:
ABUTTING THE WATER SYSTEM
Any principal structure or building on improved property within 250 feet of a water main constituting a part of the water system.
AUTHORITY
The Washington Township Municipal Authority, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, a municipal authority of the Commonwealth, which, in addition to other responsibilities, supplies water to the Township.
COMMONWEALTH
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
IMPROVED PROPERTY
Any property within this Township upon which there is erected a structure intended for continuous or periodic human habitation or other occupancy or use by human beings for any purpose, whether domestic, residential, commercial, business or otherwise, and within which water is provided for human consumption.
INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any property located in this Township upon which there is erected a structure that is used or intended for use, wholly or in part, for the manufacturing, processing, cleaning, laundering or assembling of any product, commodity or article, or any other property utilizing an industrial process and which does not provide water for human consumption.
LATERAL SERVICE LINES
That part of the water system (including, without limitation, pipes, connections and conduit) extending from any building or structure on the improved property to the water system, curbline, easement, or, if there shall be no curbline, to a point designated by the Township used or usable for water distribution purposes.
OTHER PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIER
Any authority, borough, Township, or other entity, public or private, including, without limitation, the Borough of Waynesboro, who supplies public water to the Township.
OWNER
Any person vested with ownership, legal or equitable, sole or partial, of any improved property.
PERSON
Any individual, partnership, company, association, society, trust, corporation or other group or entity.
STREET
Shall include any street, road, lane, court, cul-de-sac, alley, public way or public square.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Washington, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, a municipal subdivision of the commonwealth, acting by and through its Board of Supervisors or, in appropriate cases, acting by and through its authorized representatives.
WATER COMPANY
The Authority or other public water supplier.
WATER SYSTEM
All pipe, conduit, connections and facilities, as of any particular time, for the treatment and distribution of water, situated in or adjacent to this Township and owned by the water company including the existing water works and water distribution facilities, together with all appurtenant facilities and properties including all property, real, personal and mixed, rights, powers, licenses, easements, rights-of-way, privileges, franchises and other property or interests in property of whatsoever nature used or useful in connection with all such facilities and together with all additions, extensions, alterations, improvements and betterments thereof or thereto which may be made, installed or acquired, from time to time, by or for the water company.
A. 
The owner of any improved property abutting the water system shall connect such improved property with and shall use such water system, in such manner as this Township may require, within 90 days after notice to such owner from this Township to make such connection; subject, however, to such limitations and restrictions as shall be established herein or otherwise shall be established by this Township and the water company, from time to time.
B. 
Subsection A shall apply only when improved property is abutting the water system as the result of construction of a new building or the extension of the water system occurring after the effective date of this article. The construction date shall be considered the date that the building permit is issued or the date that the water system extension is accepted by the water company.
C. 
Subsection A shall not apply to any improved property if, in order to comply with this article, the owner of the improved property would be required to obtain an easement or right-of-way from a third party other than the commonwealth, Township or the water company over such third-party property to make the connection required by this article.
D. 
Those industrial establishments and farms which have their own supply of water for uses other than human consumption may continue to use their own water for that purpose but are required to use the water system to provide water for human consumption.
E. 
The notice by this Township to make a connection to the water referred to in Subsection A shall consist of a copy of this article, including any amendments and/or supplements at the time in effect, or a summary of each section thereof, and a written or printed document requiring the connection in accordance with the provisions of this article and specifying that such connection shall be made within 90 days from the date such notice is given. Such notice may be given at any time after the water system extension is accepted by the water company. Such notice shall be served upon the owner in accordance with law.
A. 
No person shall uncover, shall make connection with, shall make any opening into or shall use, alter or disturb, in any manner, any part of the water system without first obtaining the necessary permit, in writing, from the water company.
B. 
Application for a permit required under Subsection A shall be made by the owner of the improved property served or to be served or by the duly authorized agent of such owner.
C. 
No person shall make or shall cause to be made a connection of any improved property with the water system until such person shall have fulfilled each of the following conditions:
(1) 
Such person shall have notified the water company of the desire and intention to connect such improved property to the water system;
(2) 
Such person shall have applied for and shall have obtained a permit as required by Subsection A;
(3) 
Such person shall have given the water company at least 48 hours' written notice of the time when such connection will be made so that the water company can inspect or may cause to be supervised and inspected the work of connection and necessary testing; and
(4) 
Such person shall have furnished satisfactory evidence that any tapping, connection and other fees which may be charged and imposed by the water company against the owner of each improved property who connects such improved property to the water system have been paid; and
(5) 
Such person shall have furnished satisfactory evidence that a road occupancy permit has been obtained from the Township or the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, if applicable.
D. 
Except as otherwise provided in this Subsection D, each improved property shall be connected separately and independently with a water meter through a lateral service line. Grouping of more than one improved property on one lateral service line shall not be permitted, except under special circumstances and for good cause shown, but then only after special permission of the water company, in writing, shall have been secured and subject to such rules, regulations and conditions as may be prescribed by the water company.
E. 
All costs and expenses of construction of any lateral service line and all costs and expenses of connection of a lateral service line to the water system (including, but not limited to, any cost of connection imposed under the applicable rules and regulations of the water company) shall be borne by the owner of the improved property to be connected; and such owner shall indemnify and shall hold harmless the water company from all loss or damage that may be occasioned, directly or indirectly, as a result of the construction of a lateral service line, the connection of a lateral service line to the water system or the abandonment of a well, cistern or similar receptacle.
F. 
The owner of the improved property shall make all connections to the water mains at the owner's sole cost and expense according to the water company rules and regulations.
G. 
Water service lines.
(1) 
To the extent lateral service lines are not installed or connected by the water company, all lateral service lines from the water system to any building or structure on the improved property (including, without limitation, installation and connection from the main to the curb and through the wall of the structure and housing facility for the meter on the improved property) to be served, shall be installed by the owner of the improved property to be served, shall be approved by the water company and shall be maintained and kept in good repair at the expense of the owner of the improved property to be served. All costs and expenses of installation and connection of lateral service lines with the water system and any building or structure on the improved property shall be paid by the owner of the improved property notwithstanding any installation or connection, in whole or in part, by the water company.
(2) 
No lateral service line or other connection facility between the water system, improved property and any structure or building to be served shall be covered up in the process of installation until inspected and approved by the water company. If any lateral service line or other connection facilities are covered before so being inspected and approved, it shall be uncovered for inspection at the sole cost and expense of the owner of the improved property.
H. 
The size of the service connection from the water main necessary to serve adequately an improved property and the location of such service connection shall be determined by the water company. If any person shall request a service connection of a greater capacity than that determined by the water company to be adequate, or if any such person shall request that a service connection be located in a location different than that determined by the water company, in its sole discretion, water company may approve such service connection in accordance with the request of such person.
I. 
When it is necessary to replace or repair an existing service connection to the water system, the owner will provide for the replacement of said service connection, at the sole cost and expense of the owner, in the same location as the old service connection; provided, however, that if the owner of the particular improved property, for his/her own convenience, desires the new service connection at some other location and agrees to pay to the water company all expenses of cutting off the old service connection and all other additional expenses incurred in complying with said request, then the service may be relocated, if said location is approved by the water company.
J. 
A lateral service line shall be connected to the water system at a place designated by the water company, and where, if applicable, the lateral service line connection is provided.
K. 
If the owner of any improved property Abutting the water system, after 90 days notice from this Township requiring the connection of such improved property to the water system, in accordance with § 348-18A, shall fail to connect such improved property, as required, this Township or their agents may enter the improved property and construct such connection. If the Township or its agent construct such connection pursuant to this section, the Township shall send an itemized bill of the cost of construction of connection to the owner of the improved property to which the connection has been made, which bill is payable immediately. The Township or its agent may collect from such owner the costs and expenses thereof by a municipal claim, an action in assumpsit or such other legal proceeding as may be permitted by law.
A. 
Where improved property, at the time connection to the water system is required, is served by its own well or cistern, the existing water line shall be disconnected from the well or cistern and connected to the public water system. There shall not be any connections made between a well, cistern or the improved property existing water source and the water system.
B. 
Every lateral service line of any improved property shall be maintained in a sanitary and safe operating condition by the owner of such improved property.
C. 
Every excavation for a lateral service line shall be guarded adequately with barricades and lights to protect all persons from damage and injury. Any street, sidewalk and other public property disturbed in the course of installation of a lateral service line shall be restored at the sole cost and expense of the owner of the improved property being connected in a manner satisfactory to this Township and the water company.
D. 
If any person shall fail or shall refuse, upon receipt of a notice of the Township or water company, in writing, to remedy any unsatisfactory condition with respect to a lateral service line within 60 days of receipt of such notice, Township or water company may refuse water service until such unsatisfactory condition shall have been remedied to the satisfaction of this Township or water company.
E. 
Township and the water company reserves the right to adopt, from time to time, additional rules and regulations as it shall deem necessary and proper relating to connections with a lateral service line and with the water system, which additional rules and regulations, to the extent appropriate, shall be construed as part of this article.
Any person who violates or permits a violation of this article shall, upon conviction in a summary proceeding brought before a Magisterial District Judge under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, be guilty of a summary offense and shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000, plus costs of prosecution. In default of payment thereof, the defendant may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 90 days. Each day or portion thereof that such violation continues or is permitted to continue shall constitute a separate offense, and each section of this article that is violated shall also constitute a separate offense. The minimum fine to be imposed is $50 per day or portion thereof for a first offense; $100 per day or portion thereof for a second offense and $500 per day or portion thereof for each subsequent offense. The Magisterial District Judge may impose a fine of more than the minimum amounts set forth above.
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Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
It is declared that enactment of this article is necessary for the protection, benefit and preservation of the health, safety and welfare of inhabitants of this Township.