[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Monroe 12-9-1991 by L.L. No. 6, 1991. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Town Board finds that unreasonable noises, as that term is defined herein, degrade the environment of the town to a degree which is harmful and detrimental to the public health, safety and welfare of its inhabitants. Such noises interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life, property and recreation and with the conduct and operation of business and industry. No one has the right to create unreasonable noises as defined herein. Effective control and elimination of unreasonable noises is essential to the furtherance of the public health, safety and welfare of the town's inhabitants and to the conduct of the normal pursuits of life, recreation, commerce and industrial activity.
For the purpose of this chapter, the terms used herein are defined as follows:
- Any site preparation, assembly, erection, repair, alteration or similar action, but excluding demolition of buildings or structures.
- Any occurrence or set of circumstances involving actual or imminent physical trauma or danger to human life or property damage which demands immediate action.
- EMERGENCY WORK
- Any work or action necessary to deliver essential services, including but not limited to repairing water, gas, electricity, telephone and sewer facilities and public transportation, removing fallen trees on public rights-of-way and abating life-threatening conditions.
- Any individual, corporation, company, association, society, firm, partnership, joint-stock company, the state or any political subdivision, agency or instrumentality of the state.
- PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
- Any street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, sidewalk, alley or similar place that is owned or controlled by a governmental entity.
- PUBLIC SPACE
- Any real property or structures located thereon owned or controlled by a governmental entity.
- RESIDENTIAL AREA
- A group of residential properties and the abutting public rights-of-way and public spaces.
- RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
- Any property used for human habitation.
- SOUND DEVICE
- Any apparatus or device for the making, reproduction or amplification of the human voice or other sounds.
- The Town of Monroe, Orange County, New York.
- A. Any airborne sound or series of sounds of such level and duration as to be or tend to be injurious to human health, safety or welfare or that would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property.
- B. Any airborne sound or series of sounds that would endanger the safety or health of or disturb a reasonable person of normal sensitivities or endanger personal or real property.
- C. Any sound or series of sounds so unreasonably loud, noisy, offensive or disruptive as to cause public inconvenience, annoyance or alarm.
- Any carrier which is propelled or drawn on land or water by an engine or motor or other artificial or natural means of propulsion.
It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully make or continue or cause to be made or continued any loud, unreasonable or unusual noises which disturb the peace and quiet of any neighborhood or which cause discomfort or annoyance to any reasonable person of normal sensitivities residing in the area.
The following acts are declared to be loud, unreasonable or unusual noises in violation of this chapter:
The operation of any radio, electronic device or phonograph or the use of any musical instrument in such a loud and unreasonable manner or as to annoy or disturb the quiet, comfort or repose of the public.
The keeping of any animal or bird which, by making frequent or long-continued noise, disturbs the comfort and repose of a reasonable person of normal sensibilities in a residential area.
The use of any automobile, motorcycle, trail bike, minibike, snowmobile, bus, vehicle, boat, truck, all-terrain vehicle, motor-driven equipment or motor-driven vehicle or other type of water- or sea-going vessel in such a manner as to create loud, unreasonable or unnatural grating, rattling or other noise.
The blowing of any steam whistle attached to any stationary boiler except to give notice of the time to begin and stop work or as a warning of danger.
The discharge to the open air or the exhaust of any steam engine, stationary internal-combustion engineer or motor vehicle engine except through a muffler or other device which will effectively prevent loud or explosive noises therefrom.
The erection, excavation, demolition, alteration or repair of any building other than between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., prevailing time, weekdays and between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., prevailing time, Saturdays and Sundays, except in cases of urgent necessity in the interest of public safety as determined by the Building Inspector or other applicable laws in the Code of the Town of Monroe.
[Amended 9-21-1992 by L.L. No. 3, 1992]
The creation of any noise of unreasonable extent and duration on any street adjacent to any school, institution of learning or court while the same is in session or adjacent to any hospital which unreasonably interferes with the workings of such institutions, provided that conspicuous signs are displayed in such streets indicating that the same is a school, hospital or court street.
The creation of a loud and excessive noise in connection with the loading or unloading of any vehicle or the opening and destruction of bails, crates and containers in such a manner as to create an unreasonable noise of unreasonable extent and duration.
The shouting and crying of peddlers, hawkers and vendors which unreasonably disturbs the peace and quiet of the neighborhood.
The use of any drum, loudspeaker or other instrument or device for the purpose of attracting attention to any sale or display of merchandise by the creation of noise.
The sounding of any horn or signal device on any vehicle, motorcycle, bus or other device except as a warning signal, pursuant to the provisions of Subdivision 1 of § 375 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York.
The use of any radio apparatus, loudspeaker, amplifier or other electronic device attached thereto in such manner that the loudspeaker shall cause the sound from such radio apparatus or amplifier to be projected directly therefrom outside of any building or out-of-doors or the use of any radio apparatus, loudspeaker or amplifier which is in any way fastened to or connected with any outside wall or window in any building or structure so that the sound therefrom is projected outside of such outside wall or window. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the operation of a radio apparatus or electronic device used in a reasonable manner by any person within any building or structure, provided that said radio apparatus or loudspeaker is not so arranged that such loudspeaker shall project the sound therefrom directly outside of any building or out-of-doors.
The creation of any noise, including yelling, shouting or hooting, which causes public inconvenience or alarm or disturbs the public's peace, comfort or tranquillity.
The following sounds shall not be deemed to be a violation of this chapter:
Sounds created by church bells or chimps.
Sounds created by any government agency by the use of public warning devices.
Sounds created by lawn mowers between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., prevailing time, weekdays and between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., prevailing time, Saturdays and Sundays.
[Amended 9-21-1992 by L.L. No. 3, 1992]
Sounds created by public utilities in carrying out operations of their franchises.
Sounds connected with sporting events of any public or private school or authorized carnival, fair, exhibition, parade or other such events open to and frequented by the public at large allowed by permit of the Town Board.
Sounds on private property which do not carry beyond the boundary lines of the property on which they are created.
The use of loudspeakers in connection with voter registration projects and, within 30 days prior to an election, the use of loudspeakers in connection with election campaigns between 9:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m., prevailing time.
Between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., sounds created in the exercise of any trade, industry, business or employment, provided that it is not conducted in such a manner as to create any unreasonable, unnecessary or unusual noise of an unreasonable extent and duration.
Sounds created by snowblowers or other snow-removal devices during hours that necessitate removal of snow; provided, however, that the operation of such devices is conducted in a reasonable manner and for a reasonable extent of time.
[Added 9-21-1992 by L.L. No. 3, 1992]
The Zoning Board of Appeals of the Town of Monroe shall have the authority, consistent with this section, to grant variances to this chapter.
Any person seeking a variance pursuant to this section shall file an application with the town. The application shall consist of a sworn statement by the applicant. Such statement shall contain information which demonstrates that bringing the source of sound or activity for which the variance is sought into compliance with this chapter would constitute an unreasonable hardship on the applicant, on the community or on other persons. In addition, the following information shall be provided:
The plans, specifications or other information pertinent to such sources of noise.
The characteristics of the sound emitted by the source, including but not limited to the sound levels, the presence of impulsive sounds and the hours during which such sound is generated.
The noise abatement and control methods used to restrict the emission of sound.
The Zoning Board of Appeals, upon receipt of such application and upon payment of any fee which shall be required by resolution of the Town Board, shall set the matter down for a public hearing to be held within 30 days from the date the application is submitted. The Zoning Board of Appeals shall cause publication of such public hearing to be given in the official newspaper of the town in the same manner as a hearing before the Zoning Board of Appeals is published. The applicant, in like manner, shall give notice of the application by certified mail in the same manner that a hearing before the Zoning Board of Appeals is noticed.
In determining whether to grant or deny the application, the Zoning Board of Appeals shall balance the hardship to the applicant, the community and other persons of not granting the variance against the adverse impact on the health, safety and welfare of persons affected, the adverse impact on the property affected and other adverse impacts of granting the variance.
The Zoning Board of Appeals may require the taking of sound level readings, at the applicant's expense, in the event that there shall be any dispute as to the sound levels prevailing or to prevail at the sound source site.
The Zoning Board of Appeals shall have the power to impose restrictions, conditions and the recording of covenants upon any sound source site, including time limits on permitted activity in the event that it shall grant any variance hereunder.
Any persons or persons jointly or severally aggrieved by any decision of the Zoning Board of Appeals shall have the right to apply to the Supreme Court for review in accordance with § 267 of the Town Law.
The Zoning Board of Appeals shall have the right to revoke any variance where the beneficiary of the same is found to be in violation of any condition upon which the variance was granted.
Any person violating any provision of this chapter shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $250 for each offense, and a separate offense shall be deemed committed on each day during or on which a violation occurs or continues. The imposition of penalties herein prescribed shall not preclude the town from instituting appropriate legal action or proceedings to prevent or enjoining any violation of this chapter.
Any person injured or aggrieved by a violation of this chapter may file any information or other accusatory instrument with the Monroe Justice Court or such other court as may have jurisdiction.
No provision of this chapter shall be construed to impair any common law or statutory cause of action or legal remedy therefrom of any person for injury or damage arising from any violation of this chapter.
In the event that a court of law determines that any provision of this chapter is unenforceable, then only that provision shall be affected and any and all other provisions shall be fully enforceable.
This chapter shall take effect in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Municipal Home Rule Law.