In order to ensure the satisfactory construction of house connections or other sewer connections with the sanitary sewer system of the Village of Springville and to ensure the maintenance of said sanitary sewer system in a satisfactory and economical manner as well as the proper operation of the sewer treatment plant, it shall be the policy of the Village that the construction of house connections or other sewer connections shall be made as hereinafter provided.
Terms defined. Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of terms used in this article shall be as follows:
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in milligrams per liter.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The extension from the building drain to the street right-of-way line.
- COMBINED SEWER
- A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
- Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
- Any individual, association, organization, partnership, firm, corporation or other entity recognized by law and acting as either the owner or as the owner's agent.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by public authority.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which stormwaters, surface waters surface and groundwaters are not intentionally admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such groundwaters, surface waters and stormwaters as may be present.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- SEWAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
- STORM DRAIN (sometimes termed "storm sewer")
- A sewer which carries stormwaters and surface waters and drainage but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
- The person designated by the Village Board who is in charge of sewage works or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
Word usage. "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
The owner or contractor shall deliver manufacturer's material specifications and manufacturer's installation guides to the Superintendent or the respective designee for the type of material he intends to use at the time of making application. The intent of these regulations is to provide for the use of proven materials and methods which allow negligible leakage. In addition, a duplicate copy of such data shall be on the site during construction.
Where pipes of a different nature, composition or size are joined together, an appropriate leak-tight special adapter shall be used.
The minimum slope of sewer shall be 1.25% (1/8 inch per foot). Maximum slope shall not exceed 7.50% (3/4 inch per foot). Grades less than 1.25% or greater than 7.50% will not be allowed unless specifically approved by the Village Board upon written application of the owner. Such application shall state that the owner understands and accepts full responsibility for any plugging which occurs in the future.
Connections of downspouts, sump pumps, or other unsoiled water sources to the sanitary sewer are prohibited.
In the event that sanitary drainage is required from any cellar which is lower in elevation than the existing sewer, it will be the owner's responsibility to provide, operate and maintain a suitable pump to accommodate such drainage.
All pipes used for sewer connections to single-family or two-family residences from the sewer main in the street up to the building foundation wall shall have a minimum inside diameter of four inches.
For business or commercial sewer connections, the minimum inside diameter shall be not less than six inches and shall be increased where deemed necessary by the Superintendent of Public Works.
All fittings for any installation shall be on the site before construction begins.
The following materials will be allowed for sanitary sewer connections. All material must meet the latest specifications of the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) or of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), as applicable. Specifications for joint materials are not specifically stated below, but such joint material shall meet the latest ASTM or ANSI specifications which are compatible with the pipe material being used.
Ductile iron pipe or cast iron pipe (service weight).
ANSI Spec. A21.51 for ductile iron pipe.
Polyvinyl chloride pipe.
The Village of Springville has adopted Chapter 73 for the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
Connection of downspouts or other water sources to the drain is prohibited. Basement drains are prohibited. Basements or cellars shall have cleanouts equipped with screw-type plugs. The Village cannot be responsible for backups due to plugged or overloaded sewers. The purpose of this subsection is to prevent damage from such occurrences.
Discharge of ground seepage or surface water from a basement area which is expelled by use of a pump shall not be connected to the sanitary sewer.
The Village is responsible for maintenance of main sewers and laterals or building sewers within the street right-of-way.
The property owner is responsible for repair and maintenance of his own sewer at his own expense.
In the event that a property owner claims a sewer line obstruction is the fault of the Village, he may request, in writing, on a form supplied by the Village, that the Village take necessary steps to remove the blockage.
If the property owner's claim is incorrect, he shall reimburse the Village for expenses incurred by the Village. There will be no charge made if the obstruction occurs in the line under Village maintenance.
In the event that the existing building sewer does not have cleanouts installed as now required by Village ordinance, local law or regulation, the property owner will be required to have the same constructed at his expense.
Disputes under this section shall be promptly brought to the attention of the Village Board, preferably by a telephone call to the Village Trustee who is in charge of the Water/Sewer Division.
The Village Clerk shall prepare a request form to be filled out in triplicate by persons requesting assistance with blocked or obstructed sewers.
All generators of industrial waste shall be responsible for the removal of contaminants present in quantities that might create problems in the Village collection system, the Village wastewater treatment plant or the outside environment.
Notification to and compliance with all New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and Environmental Protection Agency regulations is mandatory. Failure to adhere to all federal, state and local requirements may result in termination of the industrial operation.
Building service connections from individual grinder pumps to the collectors should be of one-and-one-half-inch PVC SDR 9 pipe and should include a full-ported valve (such as a corporation stop or U-valve), and a check valve specifically suited to wastewater service should be provided at or near the pump to isolate the pump from the main. These valves are in addition to the valves provided by the Village at the street right-of-way.
The pipe should be bedded six inches below and 18 inches above the pipe with sand, gravel or stone having a diameter of no more than one inch. The pipe should have a minimum of five feet total cover to avoid freezing.
The pipe installation shall be capable of maintaining 50 pounds per square inch of test pressure for at least one hour.
The pumping equipment shall be designed in a manner appropriate to wastewater service and be manufactured of corrosion-resistant materials. In addition, it shall meet all applicable safety, fire and health requirements arising from its intended use in or near residential buildings.
Proper system design and installation shall assure that each grinder pump will be able to adequately discharge into the piping system during all normal flow situations, including peak design flow. For residences having normal water usage, a pump capable of delivering 15 gallons per minute at 85 feet total dynamic head is recommended.
The units must be capable of operating under temporary loads above the normal recommended system design operating pressure without a serious reduction of flow or damage to the motor. The pump should be of flooded-suction design to assure that it will be positively primed. The pressure sewer system shall contain integral protection against back siphonage.
Outside installations are preferable and should be located at least 10 feet from the building in an area readily accessible to service personnel. Outside installations shall be provided with an access from the surface which is suitably graded to prevent the entrance of surface water and equipped with a vandal-proof cover for safety. Inside installations must be examined for freedom from noise, odors and electrical hazards. Both freestanding and below-the-floor-type installations are acceptable.
The electrical portions of nonsubmersible grinder/macerator pumps must be protected against the entrance of surface water. This may require that a motor breather be run from the interior of the motor and control compartment to a protected location higher than the maximum anticipated water or snow level. Waterproof factory-installed wiring and tamper-proof access covers on wiring compartments are required.
The grinder pumps shall operate at a noise level sufficiently low to be acceptable for installation inside a residential building. Generally, this should be no louder than other motor-operated devices normally found in homes (furnace blowers, sump pumps, etc.).
The grinder pump equipment shall comply with the National Electrical Code and applicable local electrical inspection bureau requirements.
Both stable-curve centrifugal and progressing cavity semi-positive displacement pumps may be used in pressure sewer systems.
The stable-curve centrifugal, a pump having maximum head at no flow, may be considered for its ability to compensate with reduced or zero delivery against excessive high pressures and the ability to deliver at a high rate during low-flow situations in the system, thus enhancing scouring during low-flow periods.
The progressing cavity semi-positive displacement pump may be considered for its relatively constant rate of delivery. The semi-positive displacement pump has no significant increase in delivery against low-flow conditions.
The grinding pumping equipment must include an integral grinder capable of handling any reasonable quantity of foreign objects which customarily find their way into building drainage systems as a result of accident or other occurrence on the part of building occupants without jamming, stalling, overloading or creating undue noise. The particle size produced by the grinder must be small enough to ensure that the processed solids will not clog the grinder, pump or any part of the discharging pipe system. The grinder shall be of a configuration to provide a positive flow of solids into the grinding zone.
Open shafts shall not be exposed in the raw waste passageways, since this will cause cloth, string, etc., to become wrapped around the blades or shaft.
The pump tank must be made of corrosive-resistant materials which are suitable for contact with sewage and direct burial below grade without deterioration over the projected lifetime (at least 20 years).
The pump tank shall be furnished with integral level controls which reliably turn the pump on and off at appropriate and predictable levels. The level control shall be as trouble-free as possible, with little care required for proper calibration. Mercury control, float-type, pressure-type or probe-type switches are acceptable. An alarm unit with visible and audible alarms shall be provided on a separate electrical circuit or a self-contained power supply to indicate pump failure.
The tank shall be of a fifty-gallon minimum capacity and be able to accommodate normal peak flows without exceeding its peak-flow capacity. The volume between the on and off levels in the tank should be based on a sensible compromise between excessive unit operation and efficient removal of raw sewage into the system.
The geometry of the tank bottom and the pump suction currents generated when the grinder pump is in operation must be adequate to scour solids from the bottom of the tank so that there is no significant long-term accumulation of settleable solids on the tank bottom.
In the areas in which the groundwater table is high, tanks should be securely anchored to avoid floating.
The tank shall be vented so that air space above the wastewater is always at atmospheric pressure. Separate vents may be necessary, if the fill piping connected to the building drain will not provide adequate venting.
Power outages. Provisions must be made for periods of power failure. Alternatives are:
Dependence on built-in storage of pump tank and associated gravity piping requiring minimal water usage during a power outage;
Provision of additional storage capacity where power outages occur frequently (twenty-four-hour storage capacity is recommended); or
Provision of a portable generator to connect the household for a short term during an extended outage.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the Village or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Village any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the Village or in any area under the jurisdiction of said Village any sewage or other polluted waters except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this article.
Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
Whenever a public sewerage system is or becomes available to any building, structure or premises, the Superintendent shall notify, in writing, such owner or occupant to connect said premises to the public sewer system and to install such facilities as may be reasonably necessary therefor. Such notice shall be served either personally or by certified mail addressed to the last known address of such owner or occupant.
A public sewer shall be considered available to any building, structure or premises for purposes of applying the provisions of this Article III when:
The public sewer is located in or adjacent to either side of a public street upon which the lot containing the building or structure abuts, and connection of the building sewer can be made to the public sewer without extension of the public sewer;
Such lot abuts public land or a public easement which contains the public sewer and permission to permanently connect the building sewer to the public sewer can be granted or obtained by the Village to or for the owner of the lot, and connection of the building sewer can be made to the public sewer without extension of the public sewer;
In the case of a subdivision or other planned development where a site plan approval is required by the Planning Board or the Board of Trustees, such public sewer availability and connection has been made a condition or is an element of the approved plan; or
The Village agrees to extend and does extend its public sewer within six months following application for a private sewage disposal system so that the public sewer will then be available for connection as defined in this section.
Before commencement of construction of a private sewage disposal system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the Superintendent and Building Department. The application for such permit shall be made on a form furnished by the Village, which the applicant shall supplement by such plans, specifications and other information as are deemed necessary by the Superintendent. A permit and inspection fee as determined by the Village Board from time to time shall be paid to the Village with the application. It will be necessary for the applicant to furnish proof of approval by the Erie County Health Department to obtain the permit.
The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the Village.
When a public sewer becomes available, the building sewer shall be connected to said sewer after notice as provided herein, and the private sewage disposal system shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with clean bank-run gravel or dirt and abandoned.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof or construct any part of a building sewer without first obtaining a written permit from the Village Clerk.
There shall be three classes of building sewer permits: for residential and commercial service; for service to establishments producing industrial wastes; and for private sewage disposal systems. In any case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the Village Clerk, who shall have copies available during usual business hours. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, insurance, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Superintendent of Public Works. A permit and inspection fee in an amount determined from time to time by the Village Board shall be paid therefor.
All costs and expense incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner.
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building.
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Superintendent, to meet all requirements of this chapter.
The size, slope, alignment and materials of construction of a building sewer and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench shall all conform to the requirements of the building and plumbing codes or other applicable rules and regulations of the Village.
Whenever possible, the sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation to permit gravity flow. In all buildings where elevation does not permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the sewer main. Building sewers shall not be connected to footing drain systems. Footing drains must be hooked to a separate outlet or sump pump as approved by the Superintendent, in writing.
No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, sump pumps, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Superintendent when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Superintendent or designated representative.
All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined sewers or storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the Superintendent. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, on approval of the Superintendent, to a storm sewer, combined sewer or natural outlet.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, to constitute a hazard to humans or animals, to create a public nuisance or to create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant, including but not limited to cyanides in excess of two milligrams per liter as cyanide in the wastes as discharged to the public sewer.
Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of a size capable of causing obstructions to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works, such as but not limited to any (including flushable) cleaning wipes, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.
Any substance specifically prohibited now or in the future by appropriate agencies of federal, state or county governments.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the Superintendent that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process or equipment, have an adverse effect on the receiving stream or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property or constitute a nuisance. In forming his opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the Superintendent will give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant and other pertinent factors. The substances prohibited are:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F. (65° C.).
Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of 100 milligrams per liter or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between 32° F. and 150° F. (0° C. and 65° C.).
Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of 3/4 horsepower (0.76 horsepower metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent.
Any waters or wastes containing strong acid iron pickling wastes or concentrated plating solutions, whether neutralized or not.
Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the Superintendent for such materials.
Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste- or odor-producing substances in such concentrations as may exceed limits which may be established by the Superintendent as necessary after treatment of the composite sewage to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.
Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the Superintendent in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
Materials which exert or cause:
Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids, such as but not limited to fuller's earth, lime slurries and lime residues, or of dissolved solids, such as but not limited to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
Excessive discoloration, such as but not limited to dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions.
Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.
Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting slugs, as defined herein.
Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed or are amenable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.
If any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in § 193-52 of this article and which in the judgment of the Superintendent may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment or receiving waters or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the Superintendent may:
Reject the wastes;
Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
If the Superintendent permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the Superintendent and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Superintendent, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Superintendent and shall be located so as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When required by the Superintendent, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole, together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer, to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessible and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Superintendent. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this chapter shall be determined in accordance with the latest requirements of the Erie County Health Department.
No statement contained in this chapter shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the Village and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the Village for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.
No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the sewage works. Any person violating this provision shall be subject to the penalties set forth in the Penal Law.
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the Village bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this Article III. The Superintendent shall have no authority to inquire into any processes, including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper or other industries, beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment. The Superintendent reserves the right to retain the proper licensed engineer for consultation and recommendation at the expense of the property owner.
While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in § 193-60 above, the Superintendent shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company, and the company shall be held harmless for injury or death to the Village employees, and the Village shall indemnify the company against loss or damage to its property by Village employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or property damage asserted against the company and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the company to maintain safe conditions as required in § 193-56.
The Superintendent, bearing proper credentials and identification, shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the Village holds a duly negotiated easement for the purposes, including but not limited to inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair and maintenance of any portion of the sewage works lying within said easement. All entry and subsequent work, if any, on said easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.
Any person found to be violating any provision of this article shall be served by the Village with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this Article III shall become liable to the Village for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the Village by reason of such violation.