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Frederick County, VA
 
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[Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the County of Frederick 9-9-1992. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 144.
Zoning — See Ch. 165.
Application packages for designation of a locally significant historical property and the accompanying processing fee shall be submitted to the Frederick County Department of Planning and Development. Applications will be forwarded to the Historic Resources Advisory Board (HRAB) for review. Applications may be submitted at any time. The applicant will be notified, in writing, of the time and date when the HRAB will meet to review applications. The HRAB will review the application based on criteria listed under § 97-5. The applicant will be notified, in writing, of the determination made by the HRAB within 90 days of submission. The HRAB reserves the right to deny eligibility of a structure if the structure does not meet the criteria listed under § 97-5.
Applicants shall submit the following:
A. 
A completed application form.
B. 
Photographs of each side of the structure(s) and any relevant detail, including interior features.
C. 
A sketch of the property showing location/relationship of all structures.
All fees and expenses, established by the Frederick County Board of Supervisors, shall be paid at the time of application submittal.
A. 
If a structure is designated historically significant, a plaque of recognition shall be issued. Plaques shall be placed on the structure and displayed on the left side of the front entrance. Plaques remain the property of the County and will remain in the possession of the property owner only as long as the structure(s) retains 75% of its historic fabric and configuration.
B. 
Each plaque issued will have a registration number which will correspond to the application number. Application material will be kept on file in the office of the Frederick County Department of Planning and Development.
A. 
The criteria established to evaluate the eligibility of structures as historically significant are a Frederick County adaptation of the National Register of Historic Places criteria.
(1) 
The structure must be at least 50 years of age.
(2) 
The structure will be evaluated as a whole; parts of structures will not be considered separately.
(3) 
Structures will be evaluated on their architectural or historical significance and physical and historical integrity.
B. 
Architectural significance. Structure(s) must clearly represent:
(1) 
A recognized type, period or method of construction that enhances our understanding of the class of resources of which it is a part. The structure should illustrate a pattern of what was common to the class of resources; the individuality or variation that occurred within the class; the evolution of that class over a period of time; or the transition between that class and others.
(2) 
Artistic values expressed in areas such as community design or planning, engineering and sculpture.
(3) 
Work of a recognized master or an anonymous craftsman whose work is distinguishable from others by its characteristic style or quality.
C. 
Historical significance. The structure(s) must have been either:
(1) 
Associated with an event or events that made a significant contribution to the development of the County, state or nation (Significant contribution of any event must be demonstrated and must be a good representative of the event or events and of the larger theme of which they are a part.); or
(2) 
Associated with a specifically identified person whose activities have been important in our local history. A property's association with an individual must be documented by accepted methods of historical research. Length of association must be identified.
D. 
Physical and historical integrity.
(1) 
A structure must possess physical and historical integrity. "Integrity" is the authenticity of a structure's historic identity, evidenced by the survival of the physical characteristics. Integrity applies in five ways:
(a) 
Location, which is where the structure was originally placed.
(b) 
Design, which is the composition of elements that comprise the form, plan, space, structure and style of a property.
(c) 
Materials, which are the physical elements that were combined in a particular pattern. The integrity of materials determines whether or not an authentic historic resource still exists.
(d) 
Workmanship, which is the physical evidence of the craftsman's labor and skill in constructing, altering, adapting or embellishing a building.
(e) 
Aesthetics/feeling, which is the ability of the building to evoke the historic sense of a past period of time.
(2) 
A structure should exist today essentially as it did during its period of significance. Seventy-five percent of the structure must be intact or undisturbed. Recent alterations must have been done according to professional standards to ensure preservation.