Village of Johnson Creek, WI
Jefferson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Board of the Village of Johnson Creek 10-4-2001 by Ord. No. 22-01. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Alarms — See Ch. 88.
Animals — See Ch. 96.
Nuisances — See Ch. 177.
Peace and good order — See Ch. 189.
It shall be unlawful for any person to make, continue or cause to be made or continued any loud and unnecessary noise.
A. 
The following acts are declared to be loud, disturbing and unnecessary noises in violation of this chapter, but this enumeration shall not be deemed to be exclusive:
(1) 
Horns and signaling devices. The sounding of any horn or signaling device on any automobile, motorcycle or other vehicle on any street or public place in the Village for longer than three seconds in any period of one minute or less, except as a danger warning; the creation of any unreasonable loud or harsh sound by means of any signaling device and the sounding of any plainly audible device for an unnecessary and unreasonable period of time; the use of any signaling device except one operated by hand or electricity; the use of any horn, whistle or other device operated by engine exhaust; and the use of any signaling device when traffic is for any reason held up.
(2) 
Radios, phonographs and similar devices. The using, operating or permitting to be played, used or operated any radio receiving set, musical instrument, phonograph or other machine or device for the producing or reproducing of sound in a loud and unnecessary manner. The operation of any set, instrument, phonograph, machine or device between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. in a manner as to be plainly audible at the property line of the building, structure or vehicle in which it is located shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of this chapter.
(3) 
Loudspeakers and amplifiers for advertising. The using, operating or permitting to be played, used or operated of any radio receiving set, musical instrument, loudspeaker, sound amplifier or other machine or device for the producing or reproducing of sound which is cast upon the public streets for the purpose of commercial advertising or attracting attention of the public to any building or structure. Announcements over loudspeakers can only be made by the announcer in person without the aid of any mechanical device.
(4) 
Animals and birds. The keeping of any animal or bird that causes frequent or long-continued unnecessary noise.
(5) 
Steam whistles. The blowing of any steam whistle attached to any stationary boiler except to give notice of the time to begin or stop work or as a warning of fire or danger or upon request of proper Village authorities.
(6) 
Exhausts. The discharge into the open air of the exhaust of any steam engine, stationary internal combustion engine or motor boat except through a muffler or other device which will effectively prevent loud or explosive noises therefrom.
(7) 
Construction or repair of building. The erection (including excavation), demolition, alteration or repair of any building, as well as the operation of any pile driver, steam shovel, pneumatic hammer, derrick steam or electric hoist, or any other similar equipment, attended by loud or unusual noise, other than between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. on weekdays; provided, however, that the Building Inspector shall have the authority, upon determining that the loss or inconvenience which would result to any party in interest would be extraordinary and of such nature as to warrant special consideration, to grant a permit for a period necessary within which time such work and operation may take place within the hours of 7:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(8) 
Schools, courts, churches and hospitals. The creation of any excessive noise on any street adjacent to any school, institution of learning, church or court while in use, or adjacent to any hospital, which unreasonably interferes with the normal operation of that institution or which disturbs or unduly annoys patients in the hospital, provided that conspicuous signs are displayed in those streets indicating a school, hospital or court street.
B. 
The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to:
(1) 
Any vehicle of the Village while engaged in necessary public business.
(2) 
Excavations or repairs of streets or other public construction by or on behalf of the Village, county, or state at night when public welfare and convenience render it impossible to perform such work during the day.
(3) 
The reasonable use of amplifiers or loudspeakers in the course of public addresses which are noncommercial in nature.
A. 
Maximum permissible sound levels.
(1) 
Noise from a stationary source shall not exceed the following standards for maximum sound-pressure levels measured at the property line:
Noise Rating
Zone
Day
Night
Residential
60 db
50 db
Commercial
70 db
70 db
All other zones
75 db
75 db
(2) 
Ambient noise is the all-encompassing noise associated with a given source, usually being a composite of sounds with many sources near and far, but excluding the noise source being measured. Ambient noise is a factor, and the subject noise shall exceed the ambient noise by five db in any octave band to be designated excessive.
(3) 
Pure tones and impulsive noises are factors. Five noise rating numbers shall be taken from the table in Subsection A(1) above if the subject noise consists primarily of a pure tone or if it is impulsive in character.
B. 
Construction noise. Construction equipment in any zone may be operated between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., provided that said equipment does not exceed a maximum sound level of 80 db(a) measured at the property line of the location at which said equipment is in use.
C. 
Noise in residential districts. In residential zones, the person in violation of this chapter shall be ordered to reduce the sound pressure to acceptable levels immediately by the monitoring officer.
D. 
Operation of certain equipment. Lawn mowers, chain saws, powered garden equipment, electric insect killing/repelling devices, and other nonconstruction maintenance equipment shall be operated only during the hours between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. unless within the specified noise levels measured at the property line of the location at which said equipment is in use.
E. 
Exemptions. Operations of emergency equipment shall be exempt from this chapter. Snowblowers not operated on a commercial basis shall be exempt from this chapter when used to gain access to a Village street. "Emergency equipment" shall include ambulance, police, fire, snow removal, civil defense sirens, etc., necessary for the health, safety, and protection of the citizens of the Village.
F. 
Methods of measuring noise.
(1) 
Equipment. Noise measurement shall be made with a sound-level meter.
(2) 
Location of noise meter. Noise measurement shall be made at the nearest lot line of the premises from which a noise complaint is received. The noise meter shall be placed at a height of at least three feet above the ground and at least three feet away from walls, barriers, obstructions, and all other sound-reflective surfaces.
G. 
Appeals. The Village Board may grant an exemption to individuals proving evidence of substantial hardship. Evidence that reasonable technological attempts have been made to correct the problem shall be considered grounds for granting an exemption to this chapter for existing industries.
A. 
Permit required. The use of loudspeakers or amplifying devices on the streets or in the parks of the Village of Johnson Creek is prohibited unless the party desiring to use such loudspeaker or amplifying device first obtains a permit from the Police Chief.
B. 
Grounds or reasons for denial or allowance. The Chief of the Police Department shall have the authority to revoke such permit when he or she believes such loudspeaker or amplifying device is becoming a nuisance because of the volume, the method in which it is being used or the location in which it is being operated.
C. 
Time restrictions. The Police Chief shall not grant a permit to use a loudspeaker or amplifying device before the hours of 9:00 a.m. or after 9:00 p.m., nor shall a permit be granted to anyone who, in the opinion of the Police Chief, uses said loudspeaker or amplifying device in such a manner or for such a purpose as to constitute a nuisance.
A. 
Penalty. In addition to the general penalty provisions of this Code in Chapter 60, Penalties, § 60-1, or any other penalty imposed for violation of any section of this chapter, any person who shall cause physical damage to or destroy any public property shall be liable for the cost of replacing or repairing such damaged or destroyed property. Nothing in this Code shall prevent the Police Department from referring violations of the provisions of this chapter to the District Attorney's office in the interest of justice.
B. 
Attempt.
(1) 
Whoever attempts to commit an act prohibited by this chapter of the Code of the Village of Johnson Creek may be required to forfeit amounts not to exceed 1/2 the maximum penalty for the completed act.
(2) 
An attempt to commit an act prohibited by the ordinances in this Code requires that the actor have an intent to perform acts and attain a result which, if accomplished, would constitute a violation of these ordinances and that he or she does act towards the commission of the violation which demonstrates unequivocally, under all the circumstances, that he or she formed that intent and would commit the violation except for the intervention of another person or some other extraneous factor.
C. 
Parties to acts prohibited in this chapter.
(1) 
Whoever is concerned in the commission of an act prohibited by this chapter of this Code is a principal and may be charged with and convicted of the commission of said act although he or she did not directly commit it and although the person who directly committed it has not been convicted of some other act prohibited by these ordinances.
(2) 
A person is concerned in the commission of an act prohibited by these ordinances if he:
(a) 
Directly commits the act;
(b) 
Intentionally aids and abets the commission of it; or
(c) 
Is a party to a conspiracy with another to commit it or advises, hires, counsels, or otherwise procures another to commit it. Such party is also concerned in the commission of any other act which is committed in pursuance of the intended violation and which, under the circumstances, is the natural and probable consequence of the intended violation. This subsection does not apply to a person who voluntarily changes his/her mind and no longer desires that the act be committed and notifies the other parties concerned of his/her withdrawal within a reasonable time before the commission of the violation so as to allow the others also to withdraw.