City of Trenton, NJ
Mercer County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Off-street parking, unloading and service requirements of this article shall apply and govern in all present and future zoning districts within the City. Except as provided in this article, no application for a building permit shall be approved unless there is included with the plan for such building, improvement or use a plot plan showing the required space for off-street parking, unloading and service facilities. Occupancy permits shall not be given unless the required off-street parking, unloading and service facilities have been provided in accordance with those shown on the approved plan. No off-street parking area shall be reduced in size or encroached upon by buildings, vehicle storage, loading or unloading, or any other use where such reduction or encroachment will reduce the off-street parking and loading spaces below that are required by these regulations. The above provisions shall not apply to one-family dwellings.
Any building, improvement or use in operation on the effective date of this chapter, _____[1] is not affected by the provisions of this article until such time as the existing building, improvement or use is enlarged.
[1]
Editor's Note: So in original.
A. 
Size of parking space. Each ninety-degree and parallel parking space shall not be less than 180 square feet nor less than nine feet wide nor less than 20 feet deep. Where cars overhang concrete curbing, then the depth of a space shall be not less than 18 feet.
B. 
Compact spaces. At the discretion of the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment, as applicable, as part of site plan review, up to 30% of required parking spaces may be designated for compact car use. Such spaces shall not be less than eight feet wide, not less than 17 feet deep, except in areas where cars overhang curbing, then the depth of space shall not be less than 16 feet.
C. 
Driveways for residential dwelling structures. Whenever possible, parking shall be located at the rear of a residential structure, via a common driveway or alley. The parking of vehicles in front yards in front of the front building line is prohibited. Driveways must be located at the rear of the building or on side yards and extend at least 18 feet beyond the front building line, and be a minimum of eight feet in width on a side yard of at least 10 feet in width. The maximum width of a driveway shall be 12 feet in the front and side yards. When a site plan is prepared for development of more than one residential unit, the plan shall place driveways in such a manner so as to minimize curb cuts and the loss of on-street spaces.
D. 
When a garage door is proposed to be located on the front facade of a residential structure, the residential structure must be at least 20 feet wide and the garage door must not comprise more than 40% of the front facade. Such door must be incorporated into the ground floor facade in such a manner as to provide the appearance of residential living space on the ground floor level.
E. 
Interior driveways for parking lots. The following driveway widths shall apply:
(1) 
For ninety-degree parking: 22 feet to 24 feet wide.
(2) 
For sixty-degree parking: 18 feet wide.
(3) 
For thirty-degree and forty-five-degree parking: 14 feet wide.
(4) 
Where used with parallel parking or where there is no parking: at least 14 feet wide for one-way traffic movement and at least 24 feet wide for two-way traffic movement.
F. 
Driveway location. At the intersection of streets, no driveway providing access to parking for five or fewer residential dwelling units shall be located closer than 20 feet to the intersection of two curblines. Any driveway providing access for more than five residential dwelling units or for any commercial use shall be located no closer than 100 feet to the intersection of two curblines.
G. 
Handicapped parking spaces. Handicapped parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with state requirements.
H. 
Separation from walkways and streets. All off-street parking, off-street loading and services areas shall be separated from sidewalks, streets or alleys by appropriate protective and screening devices, including attractive walls and/or coniferous plantings along the street edge, in accordance with § 315-210.
I. 
Landscaping and lighting of parking lots. Landscaping and lighting of parking lots shall be required, in accordance with Article XXVI (§ 315-208 et seq.).
J. 
Multistory parking garages. Multistory parking garage facades shall meet the following design requirements:
(1) 
Provide for vertical breaks along any street frontage.
(2) 
Incorporate brick or other aesthetically attractive material acceptable to the Planning Board on street-facing facades and mask the view of parked vehicles from the street to the greatest extent practicable. Provide for the appearance of fenestration as viewed from any public street.
(3) 
Locate entrances towards the side or rear of the property whenever possible.
(4) 
In the Downtown District, garages must provide for street-level retail uses as specified by Capital City Redevelopment Corporation Renaissance Plan, 1988.
(5) 
In BA Districts, single-use parking structures must be designed to allow for potential future conversion of the ground floor level into retail business uses.
K. 
Paving of driveways and/or off-street parking areas.
(1) 
All new driveways and/or off-street parking areas required by ordinances shall be paved with impervious materials, including brick, asphalt, concrete or driveway pavers, or pervious paving materials that increase stormwater infiltration, including gravel, crushed stone, open paving blocks or pervious paving blocks in accordance with the specification of the Construction Official or the Planning Board's consultant engineer.
(2) 
Driveways for single-family dwelling units shall be permitted the option of having paving surface provided only under the vehicular tire treadway. Each treadway shall have a minimum width of two feet, with a maximum unpaved area of three feet in width down the middle. The unpaved central strip shall have gravel or be seeded.
L. 
Paving of on-site walkways. All new on-site walkways leading from a sidewalk, driveway, street or alley to the primary structure on the property shall be paved with impervious materials, including brick, pavers or concrete, or pervious paving materials that increase stormwater infiltration, including gravel, crushed stone, open paving blocks or pervious paving blocks, in accordance with the specifications of the Construction Official or the Planning Board's consultant engineer. Asphalt material may be used for walkways located in the rear yard of the property.
No off-street parking or loading area shall be used for the sale, repair, dismantling or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials or supplies.
It shall be the responsibility of the owner of the property to properly maintain all off-street parking, loading and unloading areas, service areas, driveways, aisles and accessways in good condition, free of potholes, cracks and sagging conditions creating drainage problems. All lighting, curbs, bumpers, markings, signs, drainage and landscaping shall be similarly maintained in workable, safe and good condition. If the owner fails to undertake needed repairs and general maintenance and after proper notification by the Zoning Officer, the City Council may authorize repairs to be made at the owner's expense.
Garage space or space within a building, in basements or on the roofs of buildings may be used to meet off-street parking requirements of this chapter, provided that such space is designated to serve as off-street parking space. Required parking spaces may be provided within 1,000 linear feet, or as otherwise specifically provided in this article, of the main entrance to the building or other establishment to be served for such purposes, or adequate shuttle service must be available. If the applicant is not the owner of the off-site space designated to meet the off-street requirement, the applicant shall provide evidence to the satisfaction of the Planning Board that the designated off-street space is available for use by the applicant's site.
The requirements in these regulations for off-street parking space shall be a continuing obligation. It shall be unlawful for any owner of any land or building affected by these regulations to discontinue, change or dispense with such off-street parking or loading facilities which comply with the requirements of these regulations. If the owner has met its off-street obligation through off-site off-street parking that becomes unavailable, it shall be the owner's responsibility to provide alternative parking of like kind or, in the alternative, and at the discretion or direction of the Planning Board, to provide a fee in lieu of provision of such replacement parking.
A. 
General provisions.
(1) 
Purpose. Parking requirements in the Trenton downtown districts are provided to support downtown development. Criteria are provided to ensure that the demand for parking will be managed and that negative effects of parking are minimized, while still providing sufficient parking to meet the goals of the City of Trenton for the downtown.
(2) 
Number and location of downtown parking districts:
(a) 
There are 10 downtown parking districts:
[1] 
West State Street.
[2] 
State/Hanover.
[3] 
State House Area.
[4] 
Downtown.
[5] 
State Offices.
[6] 
Academy.
[7] 
East State.
[8] 
Mercer-Jackson.
[9] 
Ewing-Carroll.
[10] 
Train Station.
(b) 
Each of the parking districts is identified and located in Figure 1.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Figure 1 is included at the end of this chapter.
B. 
Parking requirements for individual uses. Parking requirements for the downtown are based on which of the 10 parking districts the proposed development/redevelopment is situated. Section 315-185, Table 1, provides minimum, maximum and bicycle parking requirements for each land use in each parking district.[2]
(1) 
Minimum parking requirements have been established to ensure that there is sufficient parking to meet the goals of the City of Trenton for Downtown development and redevelopment.
(2) 
Maximum parking requirements have been established and are intended to:
(a) 
Preserve open space and limit impervious surfaces;
(b) 
Reduce congestion;
(c) 
Encourage attractive, pedestrian-friendly urban design;
(d) 
Promote nonautomobile modes of transportation.
(e) 
Minimize costs for parking construction, operations and maintenance;
(f) 
Reduce traffic and traffic-related costs; and
(g) 
Operate with a greater floor-to-area ratio, increasing leasable space.
(3) 
Bicycle parking requirements have been established to make the use of bicycling a more convenient and accessible alternative in the Trenton Downtown.
(a) 
Off-street parking for bicycles shall include provision for secure storage of bicycles. Such facilities shall provide lockable enclosed lockers or racks or equivalent structures in or upon which a bicycle may be locked by the user.
(b) 
Structures that require a user-supplied locking device shall be designed to accommodate both chain and U-shaped locking devices and shall support the bicycle frame at two locations (not just the wheel).
(c) 
All lockers and racks must be securely anchored to the ground or the building structure to prevent the racks and lockers from being removed from the location.
(d) 
The surfacing of such facilities shall be designed and maintained to be mud- and dust-free. The use of rock or gravel areas for bicycle parking is permitted, provided that edging materials, such as landscape timbers, are used so that the bicycle parking area is clearly demarcated and the rock material is contained.
(e) 
Bicycle parking facilities shall be sufficiently separated from motor vehicle parking areas to protect parked bicycles from damage by motor vehicles. The separation may be accomplished through grade separation, distance or physical barrier, such as curbs, wheel stops, poles or other similar features.
(f) 
Required bicycle parking spaces shall be at least two feet by six feet per bicycle.
(g) 
An aisle a minimum of five feet wide shall be provided behind bicycle parking facilities to allow for maneuvering.
(h) 
A minimum of 24 inches shall be provided beside each parked bicycle to allow access. This access may be shared by adjacent bicycles. Racks shall be installed a minimum of 24 inches from any wall or other obstruction.
(i) 
Bicycle parking facilities shall be located in a clearly designated, safe and convenient location. Whenever possible, the bicycle parking shall be placed within 50 feet of building entrances and in well-lit areas.
(j) 
It is recommended that half of the bicycle parking spaces be provided as long-term parking, safe and secure from vandalism and theft, and protected from the elements. The other half should be provided as short-term (customer or visitor) parking, and it is recommended that these parking spaces be visible and convenient to the building entrance.
(4) 
Parking requirement adjustments for individual uses. A developer may make adjustments to its minimum parking requirement through the following conditions:
(a) 
Shared-use parking. An applicant shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement, provided that the applicant can demonstrate that it has entered into an agreement to share parking in a parking facility with other developments. Allowable deduction for parking based on shared use shall be determined as follows:
[1] 
The minimum parking requirement shall be determined for each user intending to share parking based on the minimum rates for each respective use in accordance with § 315-185, Table 1, Minimum, Maximum and Bicycle Parking Requirements for the Trenton Downtown, for the applicable parking district. (NOTE: Where shared users are located in more than one parking district, the minimum rates of the district where the parking is located, or where a majority of the parking is located, shall prevail.)
[2] 
The minimum parking requirement for each use shall be multiplied by an "occupancy rate" as determined in § 315-185, Table 2, Parking Occupancy Rates for Shared-Use Parking Assessment, for each use for the weekday night, daytime and evening periods, and weekend night, daytime and evening periods, respectively.
(b) 
Adjustment based on proximity to transit. An applicant shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement by 10% for projects located within 600 feet of the Trenton Train Station or any Light Rail Transit Station.
(c) 
Adjustment based on public accessibility to parking. An applicant whose minimum parking requirement is in excess of 50 spaces shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement by 10% by entering into an agreement with the City to permit shared-use parking on its property with a compatible development. This reduction will be permitted only if the applicant is able to demonstrate to City planning staff satisfaction that there are periods where the parking will not be occupied by the proposed development.
(d) 
Adjustment for additional bicycle parking. An applicant shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement by one space for every additional five bicycle parking spaces provided on its site above the minimum number required under the provisions of § 315-185, Table 1, Minimum, Maximum and Bicycle Parking Requirements for the Trenton Downtown.
(e) 
Adjustment for unbundled/priced parking. An applicant shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement by 10% of the total required spaces by agreeing to sell or rent its parking spaces separately from a lease or sale of building space.
(f) 
Adjustment for housing tenure. An applicant shall be entitled to reduce its minimum parking requirement for residential parking by up to 10% of the total required spaces for the housing that is constructed for rental versus owner-occupied housing. The amount of the reduction shall be calculated by multiplying 10% by the fraction consisting of the square footage of residential units for rental use divided by the total square footage of all residential housing units developed.
(g) 
Adjustment for car share program. An applicant whose minimum parking requirement is in excess of 20 spaces shall be entitled to reduce its minimum residential parking requirement 5% if a car-sharing service is located within 1,200 feet of the development or to reduce four parking spaces for each car-share vehicle it locates in a residential building.
[2]
Editor's Note: Table 1 is included at the end of this chapter.
C. 
Parking requirements for mixed-use projects. Mixed-use projects shall determine parking using the following procedure:
(1) 
Determine minimum parking requirement for each individual use of the mixed-use development based on the minimum rates provided in § 315-185 Table 1 for the applicable parking district.
(2) 
Adjust for shared parking. The minimum parking requirement for each use shall be multiplied by an "occupancy rate" as determined in § 315-185, Table 2, Parking Occupancy Rates for Shared-Use Parking Assessment, for each use for the weekday night, daytime and evening periods, and weekend night, daytime and evening periods, respectively.
(3) 
Tabulate minimum parking requirement for each time period. Sum up the adjusted minimum parking requirements of each land use for each of the six time periods to determine an overall project minimum parking requirement for each time period.
(4) 
Determine minimum parking requirement for the project. The highest of the six time period totals shall be the minimum parking requirement for the mixed-use project prior to the application of reduction factors as provided in Subsection B for single use.
(5) 
One hundred percent of the parking supply shall be provided within 600 feet of an entrance to the proposed building(s) it will serve unless waived via terms of Subsection C(6).
(6) 
Other parking spaces in the vicinity of the project may be used to satisfy portions of the minimum parking requirement if the applicant can secure such parking through lease of at least or other such similar arrangement,[3] for a term of at least 10 years, or if it can be demonstrated through study that certain public parking areas are typically vacant during the peak demand period of the project or will become vacant as a result of removals or demolition, all subject to the approval of the City.
[3]
Editor's Note: So in original.
D. 
Parking district specific provisions.
(1) 
The following specific criteria are defined for each parking district in the Downtown:
(a) 
Surface parking limitations. Certain areas of the downtown are intended for high-density development and therefore are restricted from meeting minimum parking criteria through the creation of surface parking lots. The level and nature of surface parking restriction is identified for each parking district.
(b) 
Curb cut restrictions.
[1] 
On-street parking is an important resource to a vibrant downtown. On-street parking is a City asset and has a tangible value to the City. During any given day, if properly managed, one on-street parking space can accommodate from three to five visitors to the downtown. Therefore, in addition to breaking up pedestrian flow and increasing the number of pedestrian and vehicle conflicts, the introduction of curb cuts for driveways diminishes a City asset and displaces three to five visitors who must seek an alternative parking accommodation.
[2] 
For these reasons, where there is on-street parking on a street in the downtown, the introduction of curb cuts for driveways should be limited and located to minimize their impact to available on-street parking.
[3] 
For each district, the minimum required off-street parking creation per curb cut is identified. The applicant will be required to demonstrate that it has provided the designated number of off-street spaces to replace each on-street space that is removed because of the introduction of the curb cut or driveway. This requirement not only must address the on-street area directly in front of the depressed curb created by the driveway but must also take into consideration and replace by the designated number the spaces eliminated because of the driveway's placement (e.g., the location of two residential driveways eliminating a third parking space in the area between).
[4] 
At the discretion of the City Planning or Zoning Board, the applicant may be permitted to construct a driveway if fewer than the designated number of replacement spaces are created, provided that the applicant pays a fee for each replacement space not created, in accordance with the then applicable parking fee in lieu of minimum spaces for the district in which the driveway is located. This fee will be deposited into the Trenton Parking Improvement Fund exclusively for the development, improvement or maintenance of public shared parking in the Downtown.
(c) 
Restrictions on location of parking. To preserve the urban streetscape, some parking in the downtown districts, whether surface or garage, is to be located at the rear of the development. Specific parking location restrictions are identified for each parking district. These requirements also address if minimum parking requirements can be addressed off site and the maximum distance that the off-site parking can be located.
(d) 
Parking fee in lieu of minimum spaces. If the individual or mixed-use minimum parking requirement, or portions of the parking requirement, cannot be met, developers may purchase relief through the parking fee in lieu of minimums, at the rates per parking space provided in accordance with the In Lieu of Parking Fee Schedule maintained by the City of Trenton Planning Office. This fee will be deposited into the Trenton Parking Improvement Fund to be used exclusively for the development, improvement or maintenance of public shared parking in the Downtown. Differences in the parking-in-lieu-of fees between districts reflect the differences in cost of constructing surface parking versus structured parking and may reflect the difference in land costs in different downtown parking districts.
(2) 
Provisions for specific parking districts.
(a) 
Parking District 1: West State Street.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 1.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 600 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of two off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 1 is $6,000 per space.
(b) 
Parking District 2: State/Hanover.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 2.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 1,200 feet of site. Parking must be located at the rear of the site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of two off-street parking on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 2 is $15,000 per space.
(c) 
Parking District 3: State House Area.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 3.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 1,200 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of four off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 3 is $15,000 per space.
(d) 
Parking District 4: Downtown.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement must be addressed through structured parking. Parking requirements may not be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in District 4.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 1,200 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of four off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 4 is $15,000 per space.
(e) 
Parking District 5: State Offices.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement must be addressed through structured parking. Parking requirements may not be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in District 5.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 1,200 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of four off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 5 is $15,000 per space.
(f) 
Parking District 6: Academy.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 6.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 600 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of three off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 6 is $6,000 per space.
(g) 
Parking District 7: East State Street.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 7.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 1,000 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of three off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 7 is $6,000 per space.
(h) 
Parking District 8: Mercer-Jackson.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 8.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 600 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of three off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 8 is $6,000 per space.
(i) 
Parking District 9: Ewing-Carroll.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement may be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in Parking District 9.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 600 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of three off-street parking on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 9 is $6,000 per space.
(j) 
Parking District 10: Train Station.
[1] 
Parking type. Applicant's off-street parking requirement must be addressed through structured parking. Parking requirements may not be addressed through creation of surface parking lots in District 10.
[2] 
Location of parking. Minimum parking requirements may be met at off-site facilities within 600 feet of site.
[3] 
Curb cut requirements for removal of on-street parking. A minimum of four off-street parking spaces on the site must be provided per each on-street parking space removed by the applicant.
[4] 
Parking-in-lieu-of fee. Applicant may pay a per-space fee in lieu of providing the minimum parking requirement for the proposed development. The initial per-space fee for District 10 is $15,000 per space.
A. 
Requirements. The following requirements shall apply to any Business A District area not covered under the provisions of § 315-185, Parking requirements for downtown parking districts:
Use
Space Requirement
Residential development:
Up to 10 units
No parking requirement
From 11 units and above
1/2 space for each unit in excess of 10 units rounded up to the nearest whole number
Nonresidential development:
Under 5,000 square feet of gross floor area
No parking requirement
Over 5,000 square feet
1 space per 500 square feet of gross floor area in excess of 5,000 square feet.
Note:
Surface parking lots are not a permitted use in this district.
B. 
Waiver. In lieu of providing the required structured parking spaces, the applicant for preliminary site plan approval may request the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment to waive the requirement for the parking spaces because of building design and site limitations. If, in the opinion of the Board, the parking cannot reasonably be implemented in conjunction with the site plan, the applicant shall be required to pay the City a sum equal to the then current Parking-in-Lieu Fee Schedule provided for the downtown parking district in § 315-185 of this article. These funds shall be dedicated to a special City parking fund for the purpose of constructing public parking garages within the Business A Zone of the City. Such payment is to be made by the applicant prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.
The following parking requirements shall apply for all districts except downtown parking districts and the Business A District:
Use
Minimum Space Requirements
Assembly hall or auditorium
1 for each 150 feet of gross floor area or 1 for each 4 seats, whichever is greater
Automobile and gasoline service and auto repair shop
4 for each service bay and 1 for each pump, plus 1 for each vehicle used directly in the conduct of the enterprise
Bank
1 space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area, or 5 spaces for each non-drive-up teller window, plus 2 spaces for each automatic teller machine, whichever is greater. Banks with drive-up facilities shall provide an additional space for each drive-up teller window.
Bowling alley
2 for each lane
Church or other house of worship
1 for each 4 seats
Clubhouse or community center
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area
Commercial, retail or personal service establishment
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area in excess of 1,000 square feet
Community residence/shelter
1 for every 5 residents and 1 per staff member
Educational institution, public or private
1 for each 2 teachers and other employees. Sufficient off-street parking space for the safe and convenient loading and uploading of students. Additional facilities for student parking, taking into consideration the total number of students driving automobiles. The requirements for a stadium or gymnasium shall be in addition to these requirements.
Home professional office
1 for each employee, plus 1 for each dwelling unit and 1 for each 50 square feet of office waiting room or reception space
Hospital/health care facility
1 for each 3 beds, plus either 2 for each full-time professional staff and administrative member on maximum shift or plus 1 for each 500 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater
Hotel
1 for each room. The requirements for banquet and meeting facilities shall be in addition to these requirements.
Housing for elderly consisting of 10 or more dwelling units, developed for occupancy exclusively by persons 55 years or older
1 for each 3 dwelling units
Industrial or manufacturing establishment, lab use or used storage warehouse
1 for each employee on maximum shift, plus 1 visitor space for each 8 managerial personnel and 1 for each vehicle used directly in the conduct of the enterprise
Medical or dental office
5 spaces for each professional person
Motel
1 for each guest or sleeping room
Nursing homes
1 for each 3 beds
Offices, professional and general
3 for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area
Residential use, excluding housing for elderly:
Single-family (detached, semidetached and rowhouse attachment)
2 spaces per unit
Multifamily:
Studio
1 space
1 bedroom
1.25 spaces
2 bedrooms
1.5 spaces
3+ bedrooms
1.75 spaces
Restaurant, bar or other similar establishment
1 for each 4 seats provided in excess of 40 seats
Stadium and other outdoor sports arenas, theater, auditorium and indoor sports arenas
1 for each 4 seats
Any use not specifically provided for herein
1 for each 500 square feet of gross floor area
A. 
The parking requirement for each use shall be computed separately, and then such requirements shall be added together to compute the total number of required parking spaces. In all questionable or doubtful cases, or for uses not enumerated, the Planning Board or the Zoning Board of Adjustment, in conjunction with a use variance, shall determine the required number of spaces, utilizing as a standard the requirements for the uses which are specifically enumerated.
B. 
Shared parking arrangements for up to 20% of the parking requirement for separate uses with different peak-hour activity may be considered by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment as part of site plan review. Consideration of shared parking arrangements shall require submission of a shared parking analysis by the applicant for review by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment, as appropriate. The shared parking analysis should utilize recognized transportation planning methodologies such as those published by the Urban Land Institute in Shared Parking, Second Edition (2005), or similar standards, or any official shared parking guidelines adopted by the State of New Jersey.
A. 
In any zone, in connection with every building addition, building or building group, or part thereof hereafter erected which is to be occupied by industrial, office and laboratory or commercial uses, or distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same lot with such building off-street loading berths in accordance with the requirements set forth below.
B. 
Each loading space shall be no less than 12 feet in width, 40 feet in length and 14 feet in height, and no loading space may occupy any part of any required front, side or rear yard. However, on lots on which the rear or side yard abuts a limited-access highway or a railroad, such loading space may occupy the rear or side yard up the rear property line.
Minimum Off-Street Loading Requirements
Uses
Gross Floor Area
(square feet)
Required Berths
Apartment buildings
25,000 to 100,000
1
Auditoriums
10,000 to 100,000
1
Funeral parlors
5,000 or more
1
Hospitals and nursing homes (in addition to space for ambulances)
10,000 to 100,000
1
Each additional 100,000 or additional fraction thereof
1
Hotels and offices
10,000 to 100,000
1
100,000 to 200,000
2
Industrial, manufacturing establishment warehouse, research or lab use
5,000 to 40,000
1
40,000 to 80,000
2
80,000 to 120,000
3
Retail, commercial restaurants and services
10,000 to 25,000
1
25,000 to 50,000
2
50,000 to 80,000
3
80,000 to 120,000
4
School
15,000 to 100,000
1
Off-street parking and loading facilities for separate uses may be provided jointly if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the maximum joint demand of the separate requirements for each use, provided that all regulations governing the location of accessory spaces in relation to the uses served are adhered to. Further, no accessory space or portion thereof shall serve as a required space for more than one use, unless otherwise approved by the Planning Board or the Zoning Board of Adjustment as provided herein in accordance with the purposes and procedures set forth herein.
If any applicant can clearly demonstrate to the Planning Board that, because of the nature of his/her operation or use, the parking or loading requirements of this article are unnecessary or excessive, the Planning Board shall have the power to approve a site plan showing less paved parking or loading area than is required by this article. The Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment may require that a landscaped area of sufficient size to meet the deficiency shall be set aside and reserved for the purpose of meeting future off-street parking or loading requirements in the event that a change of use of the premises shall make such additional off-street parking or loading facilities necessary.