Township of Cedar Grove, NJ
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted as Ch. 1, Secs. 1-2 and 1-3, of the former Revised Ordinances]
A. 
In the construction of the Code of the Township of Cedar Grove and of all other ordinances of the Township, words and phrases shall be read and construed with their context and shall, unless inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Municipal Council or unless another or different meaning is expressly indicated, be given their generally accepted meaning according to the approved usage of the language. Technical words and phrases and words and phrases having a special or accepted meaning in the law shall be construed in accordance with such technical or special and accepted meaning.
B. 
Gender. Words importing the masculine gender shall apply to females as well as to males and to firms, associations, bodies corporate and other artificial persons.
C. 
Number. Words used in the singular number include the plural, and words used in the plural include the singular number.
D. 
"Officer" or "official" or the title of an officer or official or of an official body shall be construed as if the words "of the Township of Cedar Grove" followed it.
Unless otherwise expressly provided or unless there is something in the subject or context repugnant to such construction or unless inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Council, the following words and phrases when used in the Code of the Township of Cedar Grove, or in any other ordinances of the Township, shall have the meanings herein given:
AND; OR
"And" may be construed as meaning "or," and "or" as "and," if the sense requires it.
CODE
The Code of the Township of Cedar Grove.
COUNCIL or MUNICIPAL COUNCIL or TOWNSHIP COUNCIL
The governing body of the Township of Cedar Grove.
COUNTY
The County of Essex.
GOVERNING BODY
The Municipal or Township Council of the Township of Cedar Grove, duly elected as provided by law, or such other duly authorized legislative body as shall be charged with governing the Township.
MONTH
A calendar month.
MUNICIPAL COUNCIL
See "Council."
MUNICIPALITY
The Township of Cedar Grove in the County of Essex.
MUNICIPAL MANAGER or TOWNSHIP MANAGER
The person appointed by the Municipal Council of the Township of Cedar Grove to hold the office of Municipal or Township Manager.
OATH
Includes "affirmation"; and "swear" and "sworn" include "affirm" and "affirmed."
OCCUPANT
See "tenant."
OR
See "and."
OWNER
Includes sole owner and any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety, of the whole or of a part of a building or land, and personal property.
PERSON
Includes corporations, companies, societies, firms, partnerships, associations, organizations and any other group or entity acting as a unit, as well as an individual.
PERSONAL PROPERTY
Includes goods and chattels, rights and credits, moneys and effects, evidences of debt, choses in action and all written instruments by which any right to, interest in or lien or encumbrance upon property or any debt or financial obligation is created, acknowledged, evidenced, transferred, discharged or defeated, in whole or in part, and everything, except real property as herein defined, which may be the subject of ownership.
PRECEDING; FOLLOWING
Next before and next after, respectively.
PROPERTY
Includes real and personal property.
PUBLIC GROUND, PUBLIC SQUARE or PUBLIC PLACE
Severally, any and every public ground, public square, public park or other public place within the Township which is within the jurisdiction and control of the Township and which is or may be in general use by all citizens and in which all have an equal right of passage and repassage at will.
REAL PROPERTY
Includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, all rights thereto and interests therein.
SIDEWALK
Any portion of a street or highway between the curbline or the lateral line of a shoulder or, if none, the lateral line of the roadway, and the adjacent property line, intended for the use of pedestrians.
STATE
The State of New Jersey.
STREET
Includes highways, roads, avenues, boulevards, courts, public lanes, alleys, sidewalks, foot paths and all other public highways for vehicular or pedestrian travel.
TENANT or OCCUPANT
Applied to a building or land, shall include any person who occupies the whole or part of such building or land, whether alone or with others.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Cedar Grove in the County of Essex.
TOWNSHIP COUNCIL
See "Council."
TOWNSHIP MANAGER
See "Municipal Manager."
WEEK
Seven days.
WRITING
Except as to signatures, "writing" and "written" include printing and any other mode of representing words, letters and figures.
YEAR
A calendar year.