Borough of Caldwell, NJ
Essex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Borough Council of the Borough of Caldwell as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Fire prevention — See Ch. 109.
[Adopted 11-16-1964 by Ord. No. 452 as Ch. 12, Art. II, of the 1964 Code]
Before any gasoline or oil filling station is constructed, erected or installed in the Borough, the person intending to construct such station shall file with the Borough Council a set of plans and specifications and plot plans, in duplicate, showing in detail the exact location of such filling station, the number of tanks to be installed, the dimensions and capacity of each tank, the depth that each tank will be placed in the ground, the number of pumps to be installed and the type of house, shed or building to be constructed for such filling station.
It shall be unlawful for any person to construct any gasoline or oil filling station until the plans, specifications and plot plans therefor have been officially approved by resolution of the Borough Council and a permit issued on the basis of such resolution by the Building Inspector for the construction and installation of such station.
All pumps in filling stations shall be set back at least 25 feet from the street line.
[Added 8-31-1999 by Ord. No. 1079-99]
No damaged vehicle shall be stored or located within 30 feet of any roadway right-of-way.
No gasoline or oil filling station shall be constructed on any plot of ground, which plot of ground is within a radius of 300 feet of any dwelling house, nor within a radius of 1,000 feet of any school, church, public hall or other public building.
[Added 7-13-1999 by Ord. No. 1073-99; amended 10-14-2008 by Ord. No. 1187-08]
A violation of any provision of this article shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $2,000, imprisonment for not more than 90 days, a period of community service not to exceed 90 days, or a combination thereof.
[Adopted 11-16-1964 by Ord. No. 452 as Ch. 12, Art. III, of the 1964 Code]
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
GARAGE
A building, shed or enclosure, or a part thereof, in which a motor vehicle containing volatile flammable oil in its fuel storage tank is stored, housed or kept, and shall include repair shops.
PRIVATE GARAGE
A garage for not more than three motor vehicles, in which no business or industry connected directly or indirectly with motor vehicles is carried on.
PUBLIC GARAGE
A garage not included within the term "private garage."
Before constructing or altering any garage, complete plans of such proposed work shall be filed with and approved by the Building Inspector.
A private garage located in or attached to a building also occupied for some other purpose shall be separated from such other occupancy by walls, floors and ceilings having a fire resistance rating of not less than one hour. Walls and partitions which effect such separations and all floors and ceilings shall be continuous and unpierced by openings, provided that, in dwellings, a door opening equipped with an approved self-closing fire door and having its sill raised not less than one foot above the garage floor shall not be prohibited.
There shall be no stove or other open flame heating device in a private garage, except in a room completely separated from the garage by construction having a fire resistance rating of not less than one hour. One door opening from this room into the garage shall be permitted if such opening is equipped with an approved self-closing fire door and has a sill raised not less than one foot above the garage floor.
Artificial light in private garages shall be by incandescent electric light only.
Not more than five gallons of gasoline, exclusive of that in the tanks of vehicles, shall be kept in a private garage. Gasoline shall be stored only in approved safety cans.
No public garage shall be used as such without a permit from the Building Inspector.
Public garages shall be fireproof, semi-fireproof or heavy timber construction and in compliance with all the provisions of the Building Code of the Borough.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 81, Construction Codes, Uniform.
One-story garages and higher public garages of heavy timber construction may have a roof of built-up wood truss construction, with no wooden member less than two inches in minimum dimensions. Roofs of one-story garages may also be made of wood sheathing on unprotected steel trusses.
A. 
A public garage located in or attached to a building occupied for any other purpose shall be separated from such other occupancy by walls, floors and ceilings having a fire resistance rating of not less than two hours. Walls, floors and ceilings which effect such separation shall be continuous and unpierced by openings, provided that door openings equipped with self-closing fire doors leading to salesrooms or offices operated in connection with such garages shall not be prohibited; provided, further, that the use of elevators and stairways to other stories accessible only by vestibules or balconies constructed and arranged as required for fire towers shall not be prohibited. Public garages in which carbon and lead burning, welding or other processes involving open flame or spark-emitting devices or the use of machine tools or in which automobile engine fuel is sold shall not be connected with any residence building.
B. 
Garages located in buildings with parts above the garage used for other purposes shall be protected by automatic sprinklers when such garages have a capacity of 20 or more passenger automobiles or are used as bus terminals with a capacity of more than two busses or are used for the storage and loading of two or more trucks.
C. 
Basements used as public garages shall be continuously ventilated by mechanical ventilating systems so designed as to assure suitable dilution and removal of gasoline vapors and motor exhaust fumes.
Carbon and lead burning, welding and other processes involving direct application of flame shall be carried on in the open air not less than 10 feet from any building or in a special room separated from the rest of a public garage by two-hour partitions.
Public garages shall be swept frequently and shall be kept clean.
[Added 8-31-1999 by Ord. No. 1079-99]
No damaged vehicle shall be stored or located within 30 feet of any roadway right-of-way.
In every public garage, two or more approved chemical fire extinguishers and four or more pails of sand shall be kept convenient for quick use in case of fire.
[Added 7-13-1999 by Ord. No. 1073-99; amended 10-14-2008 by Ord. No. 1187-08]
A violation of any provision of this article shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $2,000, imprisonment for not more than 90 days, a period of community service not to exceed 90 days, or a combination thereof.