Village of Lawrence, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lawrence 4-8-1981 by L.L. No. 2-1981. Sections 158-8, 158-15, 158-16, 158-17, 158-18, 158-19B, 158-27, 158-33, 158-34A, 158-35, 158-36B and 158-37A amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I. Other amendments noted where applicable.
GENERAL REFERENCES
Garage and tag sales — See Ch. 103.
Hawkers, peddlers and solicitors — See Ch. 115.
Licenses and permits — See Ch. 125.
Junk vehicles — See Ch. 204.
Zoning — See Ch. 212.
Fees — See Ch. A219.

§ 158-1 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
DEALER IN SECONDHAND ARTICLES
Any person who in any way, as principal, broker or agent:
A. 
Deals in the commercial purchase or sale of secondhand articles for any purpose and of whatever nature, including but not limited to old gold or other precious metals, coins, stamps or currency, firearms, rifles, shotguns, cameras, business machines, musical instruments, outboard motors or electronic equipment.
B. 
Accepts or receives secondhand articles as returns of merchandise or in exchange for or for credits on any other articles or merchandise.
C. 
Deals in the commercial purchase or sale of pawnbroker tickets or other evidence of pledged articles.

§ 158-2 Applicability.

Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to apply to:
A. 
Automobiles, pianos, books, magazines, rugs, tapestries, artists' burlaps, paintings, sculptures, drawings, etchings and engravings.
B. 
The first purchase or sale in the country of any imported secondhand article.
C. 
The acceptance or receipt of merchandise in a new condition as a return, exchange or for credit or refund, if such merchandise was originally purchased as new merchandise from the person accepting or receiving the same nor to any resale of such merchandise as new merchandise or the first subsequent nonretail or exchange of such merchandise as used merchandise.
D. 
The acceptance or receipt of merchandise in a used condition as a return, trade-in, exchange or for credit or refund, if such merchandise was originally purchased as new merchandise from the person accepting or receiving the same, nor to the first subsequent nonretail sale or exchange of such merchandise.
E. 
The first sale, at retail, of merchandise which has been rebuilt by the manufacturer or vendor originally manufacturing it, or the licensed agents thereof, and sold as factory-rebuilt merchandise.
F. 
A thrift shop, as defined to be so classified under the United States Internal Revenue Code, entitled to an exemption as an eleemosynary corporation or institution.
G. 
Antiques, which shall mean secondhand articles over 50 years of age, having a value of less than $250 and void of any means of identification. "Identification" shall mean articles which are serialized, monogrammed, initialed or distinctly marked.

§ 158-3 Proof of first sale.

The burden of proof that an article was originally purchased from the person accepting or receiving it, that it was the first subsequent sale or exchange thereof to a person other than an ultimate consumer or that it was a first sale at retail of such factory-rebuilt merchandise shall be upon the person asserting the same. Evidence of an existing trade practice in the Village of Lawrence, if any, shall be admissible for the purpose of determining whether or not merchandise is in new or used condition.

§ 158-4 Interpretation.

In interpreting and applying the provisions of this chapter, the rule of interpretation applicable to remedial legislation shall be used so that the spirit and intent of this chapter shall be observed. All provisions shall be:
A. 
Considered as minimum requirements.
B. 
Deemed neither to limit nor repeal any other powers granted to the Village of Lawrence under New York State statutes.

§ 158-5 Disclaimer of liability.

This chapter shall not create any liability on the part of the Village of Lawrence or its officers, agents or employees or the Nassau County Police Department or its officers, agents or employees for any act or damage caused as a result of reliance on this chapter or any administrative decision lawfully made thereunder.

§ 158-6 License required.

It shall be unlawful for any person to act as a dealer in secondhand articles without a license therefor.

§ 158-7 Types of licenses.

A. 
There shall be three types of licenses:
(1) 
General license.
(2) 
Management license.
(3) 
Exposition license.
B. 
A general license shall authorize the licensee to act as a secondhand dealer, with respect to all articles other than secondhand automobiles, within the Village of Lawrence during the license period specified in § 158-10 of this chapter.
C. 
A management license shall authorize the licensee, who is not a dealer in antiques or unique secondhand articles, to operate and manage an antique or unique secondhand articles exposition, where such antiques or unique secondhand articles are sold at any fair, show or exhibit or any place where this merchandise is offered for sale within the Village of Lawrence, during a period of one month from the date of issuance of such license.
D. 
An exposition license shall authorize a dealer in antiques or unique secondhand articles who maintains no place of business within the Village of Lawrence to exhibit and sell such articles at any fair, show or exposition within the Village of Lawrence during a period of one month from the date of issuance of such license.

§ 158-8 Bonds. [1]

A. 
Each dealer securing a general license shall furnish a bond to the Village of Lawrence, with sufficient surety to be approved by the Village Administrator, in the penal sum of $2,000, conditioned for the due observance of the law relating to such dealers.
B. 
Each manager of an antique or unique articles exposition shall furnish a bond to the Village of Lawrence, with sufficient surety to be approved by the Village Administrator, in the penal sum of $2,000, conditioned for the due observance of the law relating to dealers who are exhibitors at the exposition.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-9 License fees.

The annual license fee for licenses shall be as follow:
A. 
General or management license fee: $50.
B. 
Exposition license fee: $25.

§ 158-10 Expiration and renewal of licenses.

All general licenses shall expire on the first day of April next succeeding the date of issuance thereof, unless sooner revoked or suspended. A new application for a license must be made yearly if the licensee desires to continue such activity.

§ 158-11 Display of licenses.

All licenses shall be placed and at all times displayed in a conspicuous place at the licensee's place of activity of business for which it is issued.

§ 158-12 Licenses nontransferable.

All licenses are personal with the licensees. They do not go with title to the land nor may they be sold, assigned, transferred or disposed of.

§ 158-13 Potential for revocation or suspension of licenses.

Any license may be revoked or suspended by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lawrence after a hearing thereon pursuant to the provisions of § 158-36 herein, at which time the licensee shall have an opportunity to be heard.

§ 158-14 Review of licensing.

The granting, refusal, revocation or suspension of any license by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lawrence shall be subject to review by certiorari after the applicant or licensee has exhausted all administrative remedies.

§ 158-15 Application for license. [1]

Applicants for a license under this chapter must file with the Village Administrator of the Village of Lawrence an application, supplied by the Village Administrator, containing the following information:
A. 
The name and description of the applicant. Individuals operating under a trade name must present a certified copy of the trade name certificate filed in the Nassau County Clerk's office. A partnership conducting business, whether or not under a trade name, must submit a certified copy of the partnership certificate filed in the Nassau County Clerk's office when the partnership was formed. A corporation must furnish a photostatic copy of the filing receipt for the certificate of incorporation from the New York State Secretary of State. A corporation from outside New York State must furnish a photostatic copy of its application for authority to do business in New York State from the New York State Secretary of State.
B. 
The address of the applicant (local and legal).
C. 
That the applicant is of legal age.
D. 
That the applicant is a citizen of the United States and whether citizenship was obtained by birth or naturalization; if by naturalization, the date and place where obtained. The naturalization certificate or permanent Board of Elections personal registration card may be used as proof of citizenship.
E. 
A statement as to whether or not the applicant has ever been convicted of or is now under charge of any crime, misdemeanor or violation of any municipal ordinance or local law, the nature of the offense and the punishment or penalty assessed therefor and such other facts or evidence as is deemed necessary to establish that the applicant is a person fit and capable of properly conducting the activity or business for which the license is sought.
F. 
A description of the exact type of business which the applicant intends to conduct.
G. 
The name and address of the owner or owners of the land and the nature of the right of occupancy of the applicant to the use of such land.
H. 
Two photographs of the applicant, taken not more than 60 days prior to the filing of the application, which photographs shall be 2 inches by 2 inches, showing the head and shoulders of the applicant in a clear and distinguishing manner. Two photographs and fingerprints are required of each individual applicant; two photographs and fingerprints are required of each partner; no photographs are required of corporate applicants, but all officers must be fingerprinted, as well as any stockholder of 10% or more of the stock.
I. 
If the applicant is a corporation, the name, address and title of an officer of the corporation upon whom process or other legal notice may be served.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-16 Submission of fingerprints to state. [1]

A copy of the applicant's fingerprints shall be mailed to the Division of Criminal Justice Services, Albany, New York, requesting a fingerprint search. The Village Administrator shall secure from the applicant the required fee in the form of a check or money order made payable to the "New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services."
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-17 Issuance of license. [1]

A. 
Upon receipt of the license application and upon the approval by the Village Administrator and the payment of the prescribed fees by and bonds required of the applicant, the Village Administrator shall prepare and deliver to the applicant his license.
B. 
Every license issued hereunder shall be signed at the direction and in the name of the Village Administrator and sealed with the Seal of the Village of Lawrence.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-18 Records of licensing to be kept. [1]

The Village Administrator shall keep a record of all licenses issued, as well as any other matters herein described.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-19 When licenses not to be granted.

No license shall be granted under this chapter to any dealer in secondhand articles:
A. 
Who has been convicted of any offense which, under the laws of the State of New York, constitutes a crime involving moral turpitude.
B. 
Who has been found by any court of the state to have practiced any fraud, deceit or misrepresentation in the conduct of the secondhand dealer business, unless the Village Administrator, after approval by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lawrence, shall decide in any particular case, upon the facts there presented, that it is proper to issue the license applied for.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
C. 
Whose license under this chapter has been revoked at any time during the year prior to the time of the application for the license.
D. 
Whose license has been suspended under this chapter and the period of such suspension has not expired at the time of this application for the license.

§ 158-20 Report by licensee to County Police Commissioner.

Every dealer in secondhand articles shall furnish to the Police Commissioner of Nassau County or his agent, at such times, in such manner and at such intervals as shall be specified by the Police Commissioner, all information requested by the Police Commissioner relative to all records required to be kept under this chapter. Such information shall be supplied on forms to be designated and supplied by the Police Commissioner. Duly licensed dealers in antiques shall furnish daily reports of purchases of secondhand articles within 72 hours.

§ 158-21 Sales restricted to licensed premises.

It shall be unlawful for any dealer in secondhand articles to engage in selling articles at any place other than the place of business designated in such license.

§ 158-22 Purchases from minors unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any dealer in secondhand articles to purchase any secondhand goods or things from any person whom he knows to be or has reason to believe is a minor.

§ 158-23 Hours of purchase limited.

With the exception of duly licensed dealers in antiques, it shall be unlawful for any dealer in secondhand articles to purchase any secondhand goods or articles from any person between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.

§ 158-24 Interval between purchase and sale of items.

It shall be unlawful for any dealer in secondhand articles to sell or dispose of any secondhand articles, except articles purchased from another secondhand dealer duly licensed by the Village of Lawrence, until the expiration of 15 business days after the acquisition by such dealer of such articles. Duly licensed dealers in antiques may sell or dispose of secondhand articles for a period of time less than the expiration of the said 15 days mentioned above, provided that the required record of purchases and sales are met pursuant to § 158-30.

§ 158-25 Secondhand dealers not to be pawnbrokers.

It shall be unlawful for any dealer in secondhand articles to be licensed as a pawnbroker or to engage in the business of a pawnbroker, nor shall any sign or emblem be displayed by any such dealer in or about the premises where such business is conducted, which in any way resembles the sign or emblem commonly used by pawnbrokers or which is intended to give the appearance that the business conducted on such premises is or is connected with the business of a pawnbroker.

§ 158-26 When town junk dealer license required.

It shall be unlawful for any person licensed as a secondhand dealer to deal in the purchase or sale of any junk, old rope, old iron, brass, copper, tin, lead, rubber, paper, rags, bagging, slush or empty bottles or employ or use a boat, cart or other vehicle for the purpose of collecting any such things or materials, unless he is also licensed by the Town of Hempstead, County of Nassau, State of New York, pursuant to Chapter 111 of the Code of the Town of Hempstead entitled "Junk Dealers."

§ 158-27 When town junkyard license required. [1]

It shall be unlawful for any person licensed as a secondhand dealer to deal in the purchase or sale of secondhand motor vehicles or parts therefrom, the processing of used metals for resale and the dumping, storage, burning and disposal of waste, secondhand or used materials of whatever composition, unless he is also licensed as a junkyard therefor by the Town of Hempstead, County of Nassau, State of New York.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-28 Labeling new articles.

Every person licensed as a dealer in secondhand articles who also sells new articles within the licensed premises shall label all new articles in such manner that the public will be informed of the nature of such articles.

§ 158-29 Lost and stolen property.

A. 
If any articles shall be advertised in any newspaper printed in the County of Nassau as having been lost or stolen and if any goods or articles answering such advertised description or any part thereof shall be in or come into the possession of any dealer in secondhand articles, upon receiving actual written or oral notice of the similarity of description of such article, such dealer shall immediately give information relating thereto to the Police Commissioner of Nassau County or his agent. No disposition of such articles shall be effected until authorization to do so shall be given to such dealer by the Police Commissioner or his authorized agent. A dealer in secondhand articles, when notified by the Commissioner of Police or his agent that property in his possession is stolen or alleged to be stolen, shall take immediate steps to secure that property, and it shall be marked "police stop." Thereafter, such property shall not be sold or removed from the premises until notification is made to the dealer, in writing, by the Police Commissioner of Nassau County or his agent allowing such removal or sale.
B. 
Every dealer in secondhand articles who shall have or receive any articles alleged or supposed to have been lost or stolen shall exhibit the same, on demand, to the Commissioner of Police of Nassau County or any authorized inspector of licenses, to any police officer or to any person duly authorized, in writing, by the Commissioner of Police to examine such articles, who shall exhibit such written authority to the dealer. Every dealer in secondhand articles shall make available all business premises and any and all rooms or portions of rooms thereof of the secondhand dealership, at all times during normal business hours, and all articles therein pertaining to said business for inspection by the Commissioner of Police of Nassau County or any inspector of licenses or any person duly authorized, in writing, for such purposes by the Commissioner of Police of Nassau County, who shall exhibit such written authority to the dealer.

§ 158-30 Record of purchases and sales.

A. 
Every dealer in secondhand articles shall keep a bound book, in a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Police of Nassau County, of consecutively numbered transactions, in which shall be legibly written, in English, at the time of every purchase or sale to or from a person other than a dealer in secondhand articles, a description of every secondhand article so purchased or sold, the number or numbers and any monograms, inscriptions or other marks of identification that may appear on such article, a description of the articles or pieces comprising old gold, silver, platinum, other metals or coins, stamps or currency, any monogram, inscription or marks of identification thereon, the name and residence address of the person from whom such purchase was made and the day and hour of the purchase.
B. 
Every dealer in secondhand articles who receives secondhand articles on consignment shall keep a record, in the above-prescribed book, describing the articles and the name and description of the person or dealer such items are received from.
C. 
As between dealers, all transactions shall be recorded in the above-prescribed book and legible records kept describing the articles, including a detailed description of all jewelry and costume jewelry.
D. 
Such books shall be kept on the business premises of the secondhand dealership, or at the place designated on the duly approved license, at all times during normal business hours. Such books shall be open to the inspection of any police officer, to the Commissioner of Police of Nassau County or any inspector of licenses or any person duly authorized, in writing, for such purposes by the Commissioner of Police, who shall exhibit such written authority to the dealer.
E. 
Duly licensed dealers in antique articles shall keep a record of bulk purchases in the bound book, noting the invoice number on each bulk purchase. All identifiable secondhand articles which are part of the bulk purchase shall be entered individually in the ledger book and reported individually to the Nassau County Police Commissioner within 72 hours after such bulk purchase.

§ 158-31 Identity of person selling to licensee.

A. 
It shall be the duty of every secondhand dealer to verify the identity of every person from whom he purchases an article and to make and keep a written record of the nature of the evidence submitted by such person to prove his identity.
B. 
Only the following shall be deemed acceptable evidence of identity:
(1) 
Any official document, except a social security account number card, issued by the United States government, any state, county, municipality or subdivision thereof, any public agency or department thereof or any public or private employer, which requires and bears the signature of the person to whom issued.
(2) 
Other suitable identification documentation which, under the circumstances of any particular purchase, would lead a reasonable man to believe it to be accurate and reliable, when identification under Subsection B(1) hereof is not available.
C. 
It shall be the duty of every dealer in secondhand articles to require that every person from whom an article is purchased sign his name in the presence of the secondhand dealer and to compare the signature with the signature on the identifying document, if any, and retain on his premises the person's signature, together with the number and description of the identifying document, if any.

§ 158-32 Enforcement.

It shall be the duty of any police officer of the County of Nassau to require any person seen dealing in secondhand articles, and who is not known by such police officer to be duly licensed, to produce or display his secondhand dealer's license and to enforce the provisions of this chapter against any person found to be violating the same.

§ 158-33 Report of violations. [1]

The Village Administrator of the Village of Lawrence shall record all convictions for violations of this chapter which are officially brought to his attention by any authorized agency or person.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-34 Revocation or suspension of licenses.

A. 
[1]A license issued under the provisions of this chapter may be revoked or suspended by the Village Administrator, after notice, for any of the following causes:
(1) 
Fraud, misrepresentation or false statement contained in the application for the license.
(2) 
Any violation of this chapter.
(3) 
Conviction of any crime or offense involving moral turpitude.
(4) 
Conducting the activity as a dealer in secondhand articles in an unlawful manner or in such a manner as to constitute a breach of the peace or to constitute a menace to the health, safety or general welfare of the public.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
B. 
Notice of revocation or suspension of a license shall be given in writing, setting forth specifically the grounds of the complaint. Such notice shall be mailed, postage prepaid, to the licensee at his last known address, in accordance with § 158-35 hereof.

§ 158-35 Appeals. [1]

A. 
The holder of any license which has been suspended or revoked and any applicant who shall have been denied a license under this chapter may apply for a review of the action of the Village Administrator as hereinafter provided:
(1) 
Such application shall be in writing, signed and acknowledged by the applicant, and shall state the ground or grounds on which the applicant claims that the determination of the Village Administrator was erroneous.
(2) 
Such application shall be filed with the Village Administrator by the applicant within 20 days after notice of denial of his application or notice of suspension or revocation of his permit by the Village Administrator has been mailed to him or delivered to him in person.
(3) 
Upon the filing of such application, a hearing shall be held thereon pursuant to the provisions of § 158-36.
(4) 
At such hearing, the review board shall consider the applicant's application upon the record before the Village Administrator, in connection with the Village Administrator's consideration thereof, and, in its discretion, receive new or additional evidence in support thereof or in opposition thereto.
B. 
The review board, after such hearing, may affirm the action of the Village Administrator or direct the Village Administrator to issue a proper license pursuant to this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).

§ 158-36 Hearings.

Whenever it shall be provided herein that a hearing shall or may be held with respect to any matter:
A. 
Such hearing shall be held on a date and at a place and hour designated by the Mayor of the Village of Lawrence.
B. 
The Village Administrator shall give notice thereof, stating the name and address of the applicant or license holder concerned, the subject matter of the hearing and the date, place and hour thereof designated therefor, by mailing a copy thereof to the applicant or license holder concerned at the address shown on the most recent application of such applicant or licensee, at least 10 days before such hearing.
[Amended 4-13-1988 by L.L. No. 5-1988]
C. 
If an applicant or licensee requests a hearing, the Mayor shall designate two or more members of the Board of Trustees of the Village of Lawrence to conduct said hearing as a review board.
D. 
The applicant or license holder involved shall be entitled to be represented by legal counsel and to present such competent and material testimony or other evidence in his own behalf as may be relevant to the subject matter of the hearing.
E. 
All witnesses shall be sworn and examined under oath.

§ 158-37 Penalties for offenses.

A. 
Any person committing an offense against any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be guilty of a violation pursuant to the Penal Law of the State of New York, punishable by a fine up to a maximum of $1,000 or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 15 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. The continuation of an offense against the provisions of this chapter shall constitute, for each day the offense is continued, a separate and distinct offense hereunder.
[Amended 4-13-1988 by L.L. No. 5-1988; 9-11-2002 by L.L. No. 5-2002]
B. 
Conviction for any offense against the provisions of this chapter shall constitute and effect an immediate forfeiture of the license.
C. 
In addition to the above-provided penalties and punishment, the Village of Lawrence also may maintain an action or proceeding, in the name of the Village of Lawrence, in a court of competent jurisdiction to compel compliance with the provisions of this chapter or to restrain by injunction an offense against this chapter.