[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the Municipality of Murrysville 5-15-1996 by Ord. No. 435-96. Amendments noted where applicable.]
If a police officer has probable cause to believe that there is a violation of one or more of the four offenses listed below; that the defendant's conduct is ongoing; that the conduct constituting the crime is based upon the police officer's view of the conduct; and if the conduct imperils the personal security of any person or endangers public or private property, the officer shall have the right to arrest a defendant without a warrant. The four summary offenses, pursuant to 18 Pa.C.S.A., are as follows:
Any officer making an arrest under these guidelines shall also follow those procedures set forth in the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure and in particular Rule 71, said rule currently providing as follows:
Release from custody.
When a defendant has been arrested without a warrant, the arresting officer may, when the officer deems it appropriate, promptly release the defendant from custody when the following conditions have been met:
A citation shall be issued to the defendant at the time of release, and thereafter the case shall proceed in accordance with Rules 55-59 as if the proceedings had been instituted by issuing a citation to the defendant.
When the defendant has not been released from custody under Subsection B, the defendant shall be taken without unnecessary delay before the issuing authority where a citation shall be filed against the defendant. The defendant shall be given an immediate trial unless:
The commonwealth is not ready to proceed or the defendant requests a postponement, and in either event the defendant shall be given the opportunity to deposit collateral for appearance on the new date and hour fixed for trial; or
The defendant's criminal record must be ascertained before trial as specifically required by statute for purposes of grading the offenses charged, in which event the defendant shall be given the opportunity to deposit collateral for appearance on the new date and hour fixed for the trial, which shall be after the issuing authority's receipt of the required information.
The Council recognizes that Rule 71 and 42 Pa.C.S.A. § 8902 may be amended from time to time. It is the intention of the Council that the police officers follow the terms of the rule or statute that is currently in effect as of the date of the arrest, whether or not these guidelines have been formerly amended to comply with any rule or statute changes.
It is not the intention of the Council to modify, restrict or otherwise prohibit a police officer of the Municipality of Murrysville from making other warrantless arrests for summary offenses where such arrests have been expressly authorized by any other rule or statute.