Township of Plumstead, PA
Bucks County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 7-101 Definitions.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 1]
The following definitions shall apply:
BLASTING ACTIVITY/BLASTING OPERATION
Any activity or operation involving the detonation of explosives detonated for the purpose of construction projects of any type and quarrying.
BLASTER'S LICENSE
The license required under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the regulations of the Department of Environmental Protection.
BLAST-AFFECTED AREA
The entire area or any portion therein, within a 750 feet radius of the location of a blasting shot (blasting activity).
BLASTING SITE
Exact location of explosives when detonated.
CERTIFICATE OF INSURANCE
Written documentation certifying insurance coverage of operator for intended blasting activities and blasting operations.
EXPLOSIVE
Any chemical compound, mixture or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion. The term includes, but is not limited to, dynamite, black powder, pellet powder, initiating explosives, detonators, safety fuses, squibs, detonating cord, igniter cord and igniters. The term "explosive" includes any material determined to be within the scope of USC Title 18, Chapter 40 and also includes any material classified as an explosive by the hazardous material regulations of DOT 49CFR.
NOTICE
First class mail sent to the last known address of the property owner.
OPERATOR
Any person or entity desiring to conduct blasting activities and blasting operations in the Township.
TOWNSHIP OFFICIAL
The person designated by the Board of Supervisors with the responsibility of issuing permits pursuant to this Part.

§ 7-102 Permits Required.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 2]
All blasting activities and operations in the Township are prohibited unless a permit is issued by the proper Township official. Blasting activities shall only be conducted between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. Blasting shall not be conducted on Saturdays, Sundays or holidays. A permit must be obtained for blasting activities. Permit fees and escrow shall be in accordance with the fee resolution in effect at that time. The permit fees, escrow and permit application must be submitted to the Township at least five days prior to the blasting to date. To receive a Township permit, the operator must submit proof and documentation to the Township indicating the following:
A. 
Possession of blaster's license and all other approvals and licenses as required under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the regulations of the Department of Environmental Protection.
B. 
Plans regarding the proposed blasting operation showing, but not limited to:
(1) 
The blast-affected area including details on proposed and existing structures, utilities and/or easements; roadway(s); subdivision and/or property lines; public and private water supply systems; sewage systems; and any natural features such as ponds, lakes, trees, etc.
(2) 
Details on the blasting site including, but not limited to, location and direction of shot, distance to nearest structure and location of venting holes as may be required by this Part.
(3) 
Details on the location as required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
C. 
Certificate of insurance as required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
D. 
Any additional information as required under the Township ordinances and codes.
E. 
Any further information, as determined by the Township official, which may be required to be reviewed or submitted to evaluate the potential threat to public health, safety or welfare which the blasting activity may present.

§ 7-103 Notification.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 3]
An operator must notify all adjacent Township property owners who own property within 750 feet of the blasting site. Notice shall be given at least five days prior to the commencement of blasting activities. Notice shall include the following:
A. 
Date and time of explosion.
B. 
Purpose of blasting operation.
C. 
Location of explosion.
D. 
Name of party responsible for the blasting operation, including party holding blaster's license.
E. 
Certificate of insurance.

§ 7-104 Certificate of Insurance.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 4]
In addition to any certificate of insurance required under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the Department of Environmental Protection, the operator must submit to the Township a certificate of insurance naming Plumstead Township its additional insured with a specific reference to blasting activities. The amount of the insurance required shall be determined by the Township.

§ 7-105 Monitoring.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 5]
1. 
If the Township determines that the proposed blasting activities pose a threat to existing wells, the Township may require the operator to monitor such wells before, during and after such blasting.
2. 
The Township may require an operator to monitor all blasting activities with a seismograph and provide a copy of the seismographic readings to the Township within 48 hours of any detonation of explosives.
3. 
The Township may require the operator to provide periodic gas monitoring (with equipment approved by the Township official) of the basements of dwellings within the blast-affected areas if and/or when toxic or hazardous gases are detected in any vent holes (see § 7-106 of this Part) located in the row of vent holes closest to the residence or dwellings or if, at the Township official's discretion, such periodic monitoring is required for the safety and health of the general public.

§ 7-106 Drilling of Vent Holes.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 6]
The Township official may require vent holes be drilled between any occupied structure or building within the blast-affected area and the blasting site. Where required, vent holes shall meet the following requirements:
A. 
At least two rows shall be provided in a staggered formation, 10 feet on center; the first row to be located at a distance approximately 1/3 of the distance between the shot line and the structure(s). The second row shall be located at a distance approximately 2/3 of the distance between the shot line and the structure(s); with a separation of no more than 350 feet between rows.
B. 
Vent holes shall be at least 3 1/2 inches in diameter and shall have a bottom elevation of at least one foot in depth more that the bottom elevation of the proposed shot. The refilling of vent holes shall be performed to the satisfaction of the Township Engineer and the Township official.
C. 
Periodic gas monitoring shall be provided at all vent holes by the operator with gas detection equipment approved by the Township official at times immediately prior and subsequent to the explosion, approximately two hours following the explosion and on a daily basis thereafter until excavation of the blast site.

§ 7-107 Excavation.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 7]
Blasting operations occurring within 600 feet of a dwelling unit must be excavating within 24 hours of the explosion.

§ 7-108 Department of Environmental Protection Regulations and the Fire Code of the Township.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 8]
All blasting activities shall comply with the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the Department of Environmental Protection. Blasting activities shall comply with the provisions of the Fire Code of the Township. Where a section or sections of this Part conflict with the Fire Code, the most stringent shall apply. If a blasting activity violates Pennsylvania statutes, DEP regulations and guidelines or the Fire Code; the Township may revoke an operator's blasting permit.

§ 7-109 Expense of Administration.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 9]
The expense of the administration of this Part shall be borne by the operator. A reasonable escrow deposit shall be required prior to the issuance of the permit by the Township to cover such expenses and costs.

§ 7-110 Before Blasting May Commence.

[Ord. 97-12-16-1, 12/16/1997, § 10]
An operator must comply with the following requirements of this Part before conducting blasting activities:
A. 
Permit issued by the Township.
B. 
Notification of all Township property owners within 750 feet of the blasting site.
C. 
Certificate of insurance filed with and approved by the Township.
D. 
Monitoring activities, if required by the Township.
E. 
Drilling of vent holes, if required by the Township,.
F. 
Escrow deposit for administration expenses, if required by the Township.

§ 7-201 Regulations.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 1]
1. 
It shall be unlawful to install, repair or test fire hydrants; appurtenances and water lines on either private or public property in the Plumstead Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, except in strict conformity with the regulations of this Part, the Fire Code of Plumstead Township and other local ordinances, rules and regulations of the Water Authority serving that area, Federal or State law, as amended.
2. 
All fire hydrants, appurtenances and water lines shall be maintained in accordance to this Part, other Township ordinances and the rules and regulations of the Water Authority serving that area, as amended.
3. 
A person shall not use or operate any fire hydrant intended for the use of the fire department for fire suppression purposes unless such person first secure a permit for such use from the code official and the Water Authority having jurisdiction. This Section shall not apply to the use of such hydrants by a person employed by, and authorized to make such use by, the Water Authority having jurisdiction.

§ 7-202 General Provisions.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 2]
1. 
General Installation.
A. 
All fire hydrants shall have two 2 1/2 inch hose outlets and one 4 1/2 inch in diameter pumper outlet.
B. 
Fire hydrant thread shall be NH Standard, as specified in NFPA 1963, "Standard for Screw Threads and Gaskets for Fire Hose Connections."
C. 
The center of all hose outlets shall be a minimum of 18 inches and a maximum of four inches in elevation above the finished grade. In setting the fire hydrants, due regard should be given to the final grade line. The required clearances shall be maintained.
D. 
The closest portion of the hydrant to the roadway curbing shall be a minimum of three feet and a maximum of eight feet from the back of the curbing along road ways. When curbing is not provided, all hydrants shall be five feet to eight feet from the edge of the road surface.
E. 
Hydrants shall be located in a manner to provide complete accessibility and so that the possibility of damage from vehicles or injury to pedestrians will be minimized.
F. 
Fire hydrants, appurtenances and piping shall be of the type and size approved by the Water Authority serving that area.
G. 
Fire hydrants shall be supplied by no less than an eight-inch diameter main. Dead-end mains shall not exceed 600 feet in length for mains under 10 inches in diameter.
H. 
When deemed necessary by the code official, all fire hydrants shall be protected from mechanical and physical damage. The method of protection shall be approved by the code official and the Water Authority serving that area. The means of protection shall be arranged in a manner which will not interfere with the connection to or the operation of the hydrant.
I. 
Fire hydrants along roadways shall have the 4 1/2 inch pumper connection on the street side. Fire hydrants located in parking lots or similar setting shall have the 4 1/2 inch pumper connection facing the building, unless specified otherwise by the code official.
J. 
Access for fire apparatus to all fire hydrants shall be in a manner approved by the code official. Access shall be a minimum 18 feet wide and shall be capable of supporting the weight of fire apparatus. Access to fire hydrants shall be maintained in a passable condition at all times.
K. 
Water tanks and fire pumps shall be installed in accordance with the Township ordinances, the Water Authority serving that area and Federal and State regulations, as amended.
L. 
All control valves shall be located where readily accessible and shall be free from obstructions.
2. 
Marking of Fire Hydrants. The bonnet and nozzle caps of public fire hydrants shall be painted with white reflective paint. The barrel of the hydrants shall be painted silver. Private fire hydrants shall be painted red.
3. 
Maintenance.
A. 
All fire hydrants, appurtenances and water mains shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and be free of obstructions and leaks. All hydrant parts shall be maintained in an operable condition at all times and shall be free of mechanical damage, corrosion and rust. All outlet threads shall be maintained free of mechanical damage, corrosion, rust and paint; and shall be covered by approved caps.
B. 
All fire hydrants shall have a well maintained surface-coat of paint to prevent rust or corrosion.
C. 
No person shall deface, damage, restrict or obstruct access to any fire hydrant. All fire hydrants shall be visible and immediately accessible at all times. Hydrants shall not be obstructed by fences, bushes, trees, vegetation, walls or any other object.
D. 
No fire hydrant shall be shut-off, removed or relocated unless approved by the Township and the Water Authority having jurisdiction.

§ 7-203 Placement of Fire Hydrants.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 3]
1. 
The placement of all fire hydrants shall be approved by the Township and the Water Authority serving that area.
2. 
Public Fire Hydrants.
A. 
Fire hydrants shall be spaced for commercial, industrial and multi-family dwellings so that all proposed and existing buildings will be no more than 400 feet measured along the traveled ways from a fire hydrant.
B. 
Fire hydrants shall be spaced for one and two family dwellings so that all proposed and existing buildings will be no more than 600 feet measured along the traveled ways from a fire hydrant.
3. 
In addition to public fire hydrants, additional fire hydrants may be required to be installed on private property.
4. 
Existing private and public hydrants may be recognized as meeting all or part of the placement requirements of this Part when meeting the flow requirements and distance measured along traveled ways as established in this Part and when approved by the Township and Water Authority serving that area.
5. 
Fire hydrants may be required to be added and/or relocated, as required by this Part when a building undergoes additions or additional building(s) are added. No building addition, alteration or proposed building shall interfere with the connection to or operation of existing fire hydrants.
6. 
Any person may request the removal, relocation or additional fire hydrant(s) by submitting a letter to the Board of Supervisors of the Township and the Water Authority serving that area. Approval of both the Township and the Water Authority serving that area will be required.
7. 
Fire hydrants shall be a minimum of 40 feet from all buildings or structures. When hydrants cannot be placed at this distance, they may be located close when approved by the code official and the possibility of injury by falling walls is minimal.

§ 7-204 Minimum Fire Flows.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 4]
1. 
Minimum fire flow for commercial, industrial and multi-family buildings shall not be less than 1,000 gallons per minute.
2. 
Minimum fire flow for one and two family dwellings shall not be less than 1,000 gallons per minute.
3. 
The fire flow for all locations shall not be less than the minimum required fire flow as established by the Insurance Services Office (ISO) Commercial Risk Services.
4. 
All fire hydrants shall have a minimum residual pressure of 20 pounds per square inch (psi) for a two-hour period.

§ 7-205 Fire Hydrants Out-of-Service.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 5]
1. 
Notification shall be made to the Township, the Water Authority serving that area, and the Fire Department serving that area prior to the disconnection or interruption of fire protection, tests, repairs, alterations or additions are started and upon completion of such work; and shall be advised to the extent of and reason for such work.
2. 
The restoration of the fire hydrant shall be diligently pursued.
3. 
All hydrants placed out-of-service shall be marked in a method approved by the Township. Marking shall be removed immediately upon restoration of service.

§ 7-206 Supplemental Fire Protection Sources.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 6]
1. 
For additional fire protection, an approved standpipe or dry hydrant may be required to be incorporated into existing and proposed reservoirs, ponds or other water sources. Access easements shall be provided for emergency use.
2. 
All supplemental fire protection sources shall be installed in accordance to approved methods accepted by the Township.
3. 
Access for fire apparatus to all supplemental fire protection sources shall be a minimum of 18 feet wide and be capable of supporting the weight of fire apparatus. The access shall be maintained in a passable condition at all times.
4. 
Supplemental fire protection sources shall not be accepted as a substitute for fire hydrants, nor shall they be accepted as the primary water source for fire protection.

§ 7-207 Testing and Placing in Service.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 7]
1. 
Upon completion of installation and/or repairs, all fire hydrants and fire mains shall be flow tested and flushed to remove foreign materials.
2. 
All test results shall be submitted to the Township and the Water Authority serving that area.
3. 
Upon completion of installation, all fire hydrants shall be inspected and approved by the Township and the Water Authority serving that area.

§ 7-208 Acceptance of Public Fire Hydrants.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 8]
All fire hydrants, appurtenances and water mains that are to become the responsibility of the Township and/or the Water Authority serving that area shall meet the requirements of this Part prior to acceptance.

§ 7-209 Plans and Approvals.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 9]
1. 
A layout plan shall be approved by the Township and the Water Authority serving that area.
2. 
The plan shall be drawn to scale and shall include all essential details such as, but not limited to:
A. 
Size, type, and location of all proposed and existing water lines.
B. 
Exact size and location of all proposed and existing structures.
C. 
Location of all proposed fire department connections, risers and control valves.
D. 
Location of proposed and existing fire hydrants.
E. 
Size and location of all water supplies.
F. 
Size, type and location of all valves. Indicate if located in pit or if operation is by post indicator or key wrench through a curb box.
G. 
Indicate the size, type and location of meters, regulators and check valves.
H. 
Size of outlets and type of fire hydrant.
3. 
The Township and the Water Authority serving that area shall be authorized to designate a form of application and permit.
4. 
Any required fees shall be in accordance with the established fee schedule resolution in effect.
5. 
Any deviation from the approved plans shall be authorized by the Township and the Water Authority serving that area.
6. 
Any errors or omissions on the plans do not relieve the applicant from complying with all applicable requirements of this Part.

§ 7-210 Enforcement.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 10]
1. 
No person shall fail, neglect or refuse to comply with any verbal or written abatement notice served on such person, either personally or by registered or certified mail, issued by the code official. Such notice shall set forth a violation of this Part and a time within which the violation shall be abated.
2. 
Any person aggrieved may appeal to the Plumstead Township Construction Board of Appeals. Any decision or interpretation of the respective code official or duly authorized representative of the Township pursuant to the provisions of the 1993 BOCA Building Code.
3. 
If the notice of violation is not complied with within the time specified, the code official shall request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate legal proceedings to restrain, correct or abate such violation of the provisions of this Part or direction made pursuant thereto.
4. 
In all enforcement proceedings brought by the Township to seek compliance with the requirements of this Part, the Township may recover reasonable attorney's fees, costs and expenses.

§ 7-211 Penalties.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 11; as amended by Ord. 97-4-15, 4/15/1997; and by Ord. 2004-07, 12/7/2004, § 1]
Any person firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a district justice in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues of each Section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.

§ 7-212 Administration.

[Ord. 95-10-17-1, 10/17/1995, § 12]
In the event that any Section or Sections of this Part are found to conflict with an other Township ordinance or code, the most stringent shall apply.