Township of Plumstead, PA
Bucks County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 25-101 Definitions.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 1]
STREET TREES
Trees, shrubs, bushes and all other woody vegetation on land lying between street lines of all streets, roads, alleys, avenues, lanes, squares or ways within the Township.
PARK TREES
Trees, shrubs, bushes and all other woody vegetation in Township parks and open space areas.

§ 25-102 Creation and Establishment of a Tree Board.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 2]
There is hereby created and established a Township Tree Board for the Township of Plumstead, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, which shall consist of three members who are residents of the Township and who shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors.

§ 25-103 Term of Office.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 3]
The term of the three members of the Tree Board shall be appointed for a term of two years with one member being appointed to a one-year term for the initial Tree Board and two members being appointed for a two-year term. In the event that a vacancy shall occur during the term of any member, his/her successor shall be appointed for the unexpired portion of the term.

§ 25-104 Compensation.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 4]
Members of the Tree Board shall serve without compensation.

§ 25-105 Duties and Responsibilities.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 5]
It shall be the responsibility of the Tree Board to study, investigate, administer and develop and/or update annually, a written plan for the care, preservation, pruning, planting, replanting, removal or disposition of trees and shrubs in parks and open space areas, along streets and other public areas. Such plan will be presented annually to the Board of Supervisors and upon their acceptance and approval shall constitute the official Comprehensive Township Tree Plan for the Township of Plumstead. The Tree Board, upon request by the Board of Supervisors, shall investigate and report to the Board of Supervisors upon any special matter coming within the scope of the Board's duties and responsibilities.

§ 25-106 Operation.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 6]
The Board of Supervisors shall appoint the Chairman of the Tree Board on an annual basis and shall make rules and regulations for the efficient operation of the Tree Board. A majority of the members, if present, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

§ 25-107 Street Tree Species to be Planted.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 7]
The following list constitutes the official street tree species for Plumstead Township:
The following plant material is permitted for use as tree plantings when placement is within four feet of curb, sidewalk or asphalt surface:
Large Trees
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
Acer x fremani "Armstrong"
Armstrong Freeman Maple
Cercidiphyllum japonicum tree form
Katsura Tree
Fraxinus americana
White Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash
Ginko bilboa
Maidenhair Tree (male only)
Gleditsia triacanthos
Honeylocust (thornless only)
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweet Gum
Tilia codata
Littleleaf Linden
Zelkova serrata
Japanese Zelkova
Small Trees
Acer campestre
Hedge Maple
Acer ginnala (tree form)
Amur Maple
Acer tataricum (tree form)
Tatarian Maple
Amelanchier laevis (tree form)
Serviceberry
Carpinus caroliniana (tree form)
American Hornbeam
Crataegus
Hawthorn (thornless only)
Syringa reticulata (tree form)
Japanese Tree Lilac
In addition to the above the following plant material is permitted for use as tree plantings when placement is greater than four feet from a curb sidewalk or asphalt surface:
Large Trees
Acer nigrum
Black Maple
Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple
Aesculus hippocastanum "Baumannii"
Bauman Horse Chestnut
Aesculus x carnea "Briotii"
Ruby Red Horse Chestnut
Betula nigra
River Birch
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory
Carya glabra
Pignut
Carya ovata
Shagbark Hickory
Carya tomentosa
Mockernut
Catalpa bignonioides
Catalpa
Fagus granifolia
American Beech
Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffee Tree
Juglans nigra
Black Walnut
Larix laricina
American Larch
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweet Gum
Liriodendron tuliptree
Tulip Tree
Magnolia acuminata
Cucumber Tree
Ostrya virginiana (tree form)
American Hophornbeam
Platanus x acerifolia
London Plane Tree
Prunis serotina
Black Cherry
Quercus alba
White Oak
Quercus borealis
Red Oak
Quercus coccinea
Scarlet Oak
Quercus falcata
Spanish Oak
Quercus macrocarpa
Burr Oak
Quercus muehlenbergii
Yellow Chestnut Oak
Quercus palustris
Pin Oak
Quercus phellos
Willow Oak
Quercus rubra
Northern Red Oak
Quercus stellata
Post Oak
Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust
Tilia americana
American Linden
Tilia heterophylla
White Basswood
Tilia tomentosa
Silver Linden
Ulmus Americana
American Elm ("Liberty" or other resistant variety)
Small Trees
Acer buergeranum (tree form)
Trident Maple
Acer ginnala (tree form)
Amur Maple
Acer griseum (tree form)
Paperback Maple
Acer tataricum (tree form)
Tatarian Maple
Amelanchier laevis (tree form)
Serviceberry (all cultivars)
Amerlanchier canandensis
Shad-bush
Asimina triloba
Pawpaw
Betula nigra
River Birch
Betula populifolia
Grey Birch
Carpinus betulus
European Hornbeam
Carpinua caroliniana
American Hornbeam
Cercis canadensis (tree form)
Eastern Redbud
Cornus kousa (tree form)
Kousa Dogwood
Crataegus (many species)
Hawthorn (thornless only)
Crataegus mollis
Scarlet Thorn
Ilex montana
Large leaved Holly
Ilex opaca
American Holly
Magnolia tripetala
Umbrella Tree
Magnolia x loebneri "Merrill"
Merrill Magnolia
Malus "Centzam" (tree form)
Centurion Crabapple
Malus "Hargozam" (tree form)
Harvest Gold Crabapple
Malus "Snowdrift" (tree form)
Snowdrift Crabapple
Malus "Spring Snow" (tree form)
Springsnow Crabapple
Malus x zumi "Calocarpa" (tree form)
Redbud Crabapple
Ostrya virginiana
American Hop-Hornbeam
Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood
Prunus americana
Wild Plum
Prunus pennsylvanica
Bird Cherry
Prunus serrulata (tree form)
Kwanzan Oriental Cherry
Purus betulifolia
Birchleaf Pear
Pyrus calleryana
Callery Pear (all cultivars except "Bradford")
Sorbus (many species/hydrids)
Mountain Ash
Sorbus americana
American Mountain-Ash
Syringa reticulata "Ivory Silk"
Ivory Silk Japanese Tree Lilac
Note: Additional tree species may be utilized if approved by the Township.

§ 25-108 Spacing.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 8]
"Large" street trees shall be planted at intervals of not more than 40 feet. "Small street trees shall be planted at intervals of not more than 25 feet. All trees must be selected and coordinated to provide adequate separation from overhead and underground utilities.

§ 25-109 Distance from Curb and Sidewalk.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 9]
The distance trees may be planted from curbs or curb lines and sidewalks will be in accordance with the species, size and growth characteristics.

§ 25-110 Distance from Street Corners and Fire Hydrants.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 10]
No street trees shall be planted closer than 25 of any street corner, measured from the point of the nearest intersecting curbs or curb lines. No street tree shall be planted closer than 10 feet to any fire hydrant.

§ 25-111 Utilities.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 11]
No street trees other than those species listed as small trees in § 25-107 of this Part may be planted under or within 10 lateral feet of any overhead electric utility wire or over or within five lateral feet of any underground waterline, sewer line, transmissions line or other utility.

§ 25-112 Public Tree Care.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 12]
1. 
The Township shall have the right to plant, prune, maintain and remove trees, plants and shrubs within the lines of all streets, roads, alleys, avenues, lanes, squares and public grounds, as may be necessary to ensure public safety or to preserve or enhance the symmetry and beauty of such public grounds.
2. 
The Township may remove or cause or order to be removed, any tree or part thereof which is in an unsafe condition or which by reason of its nature is injurious to sewers, electric power lines, gas lines, water lines or other public improvements, or is infected with any injurious fungus, insect or other pest. This Section does not prohibit the planting of street trees by adjacent property owners; providing, that the selection and location of said trees is in accordance with §§ 25-107 through 25-111 of this Part.

§ 25-113 Tree Topping.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 13]
It shall be unlawful, as a normal practice, for any person, firm or Township Department to top any street tree, park tree or other tree on public property. Topping is defined as the severe cutting back of limbs to stubs larger than three inches in diameter within the tree's crown to such a degree so as to remove the normal canopy and disfigure the tree. Trees severely damaged by storms or other causes or certain trees under utility wires or other obstructions where other pruning practices are impractical may be exempted by this Part.

§ 25-114 Pruning, Corner Clearance.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 14]
Every owner of any tree overhanging any street or right-of-way within the Township shall prune the branches so that such branches shall not obstruct the light from any streetlight or obstruct the view of any street intersection and so that there shall be a clear space of seven feet above the surface of the street or sidewalk. Said owners shall remove all dead, diseased or dangerous trees, or broken or decayed limbs which constitute a menace to the safety of the public. The Township shall have the right to prune any trees or shrub on private property when it interferes with the proper spread of light along the street from a streetlight or interferes with visibility of any traffic control device or sign.

§ 25-115 Dead or Diseased Tree Removal on Private Property.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 15]
The Township shall have the right to cause the removal of any dead or diseased trees on private property within the Township when such trees constitute a hazard to life and property, or harbor insects or disease which constitute a potential to other trees within the Township. The Township Tree Board will notify, in writing, the owners of such trees. Removal shall be done by said owners at their own expense within 60 days after the ate of service of notice. In the event of failure of owners to comply with such provisions, the Township may enter the property and remove the trees, charging the cost of the cutting and removal to the property owners. The charge shall be a lien against the real estate of the property owner and shall be collected in the same manner as other municipal liens.

§ 25-116 Removal of Stumps.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 16]
All stumps of street and park trees shall be removed below the surface of the ground so that the top of stump shall not project above the surface of the ground.

§ 25-117 Interference with Township Tree Board.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 17]
It shall be unlawful for any person to prevent, delay or interfere with the Township Tree Board, or any of its agents, while engaging in and about the planting, cultivating, mulching, pruning, spraying or removing of any street trees, park trees or trees on private grounds, as authorized in this Part.

§ 25-118 Arborists Licensing.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 18]
Any engaging in the business or occupation or pruning, treating or removing street or park trees within the Township shall comply with the Township's contracting licensing ordinance.

§ 25-119 Appeal Procedure.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 19]
Any person aggrieved by any action of the Township Tree Board may file an appeal to the Board of Supervisors in accordance with the Local Agency Act.

§ 25-120 Penalty.

[Ord. 2004-08, 12/23/2004, § 20; as amended by Ord. 2004-07, 12/7/2004, § 1]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part shall, upon conviction thereof in an action brought before a district justice in the manner provided for the enforcement of summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $1,000 nor less than $250 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 90 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues or each Section of this Part which shall be found to have been violated shall constitute a separate offense.