City of Rockwood, MI
Wayne County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Rockwood as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Bicycles — See Ch. 28.
Parking Violations Bureau — See Ch. 156.
Snowmobiles — See Ch. 208.
Uniform Traffic Code — See Ch. 242.
[Adopted as Ch. 470 of the 1989 Codified Ordinances]

§ 248-1 Definitions.

As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE
Vehicles of the Fire Department and the Police Department, ambulances and private and governmental emergency vehicles.
BICYCLE
Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, either of which is over 20 inches in diameter. "Bicycle" includes pedal bicycles with helper motors rated at less than one brake horsepower, transmitted by friction and not by gear or chain, which bicycles produce only ordinary pedaling speeds up to a maximum of 20 miles per hour.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
Includes all motor vehicles used for the transportation of passengers for hire, or used for the transportation of goods, wares or merchandise, and/or all motor vehicles designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or as any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
GROSS VEHICLE WEIGHT
The weight equal to the weight of a vehicle without load, plus the weight of its maximum load carrying capacity, as rated by the manufacturer.
LOAD-CARRYING CAPACITY
The maximum weight which may be carried by a truck, as disclosed by the manufacturer's rating.
MOTOR VEHICLE
Every self-propelled device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon the land, including, but not limited to, automobiles, motorcycles, scooters and trucks.
OPERATOR
Any person who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle.
OWNER
Any person in whose name the legal title of a motor vehicle is registered, or if such vehicle is the subject of a lease or conditional sales agreement, the lessee or person with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with the immediate right of possession.
PARKING
The standing of a motor vehicle upon the land attended or unattended by an operator thereof.
PARKING LOT
An area of land near or contiguous to a shopping center and used by the public as a means of access to and egress from the stores and business establishments at the shopping center and for the free parking of motor vehicles of patrons at the shopping center.
PRIVATE STREET, ROAD OR HIGHWAY
A privately owned and maintained road allowing access to more than one residence or place of business, which road is normally open to the public and upon which persons other than owners located thereon may also travel.
PRIVATE DRIVEWAY
Any piece of privately owned and maintained property which is used for vehicular traffic but is not open or normally used by the public.
PUBLIC DRIVEWAY, STREET, ROAD OR HIGHWAY
Any way or right-of-way open to the public for vehicular travel.
RESIDENTIAL AREA
All platted subdivisions of land, except supervisors' plats in which single-family dwellings are located, including any public or private driveway, street, road or highway adjacent to or within such a subdivision of land.
SCHOOL PARKING LOT
An area near or contiguous to buildings owned by a board of education, school district or community college district and used by the public as a means of access to and egress from such buildings and for the free parking of motor vehicles of persons having business within such buildings.
SHOPPING CENTER
A minimum area of three acres of land on which there is located one or more stores or business establishments and for which a parking lot is provided.
SIDEWALK
That portion of a street between the curb lines or lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
TRUCK
Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.

§ 248-2 Residential parking of heavy vehicles.

Subject to the provisions of Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended (MCLA Chapter 257, as amended), the parking of a motor vehicle, the gross vehicle weight of which exceeds 20,000 pounds, in a residential area, is prohibited.

§ 248-3 Shopping center parking lots.

A. 
Speed limit. No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon any portion of a shopping center parking lot, including, but not limited to, the entrance and exit of such parking lot, at a greater speed than that permitted by the then existing conditions for the safety of persons and property, and in no event in excess of 15 miles per hour.
B. 
Parking. No person shall park a vehicle in any of the following places at or within a shopping center parking lot, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or traffic control device:
(1) 
On a sidewalk;
(2) 
Upon or across any entrance or exit to such parking lot;
(3) 
Upon or across any driveway or other passageway for the movement of vehicular traffic on such parking lot;
(4) 
Upon any portion of a fire route;
(5) 
In any other area, except in those areas of a parking lot which are striped and thereby identified for vehicle parking purposes; or
(6) 
In any parking space that is designated as being for handicapped persons only. However, this prohibition shall not apply to physically handicapped persons who possess material and capacity for ambulation and have received from the Secretary of State a serially numbered certificate of identification pursuant to Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended (MCLA Chapter 257, as amended).
C. 
Bicycles. Bicycles shall be parked only in those areas of a parking lot which are designated for bicycle parking purposes. Bicycles shall not be ridden or operated upon sidewalks in the parking areas used or identified for pedestrian traffic.
D. 
Standing or stopping. The stopping or standing of vehicles for the loading and unloading of goods or passengers, or otherwise, except in the normal course of traffic flow, shall be prohibited in the approximately thirty-foot service drive adjacent to and in front of the shopping center stores.

§ 248-4 School parking lots.

A. 
Application. The provisions of this chapter regulating the traffic and parking of vehicles in school parking lots are applicable only to such parking lots where the Board of Education, the School District or the board of trustees of a community college owning the same, has requested such regulations pursuant to Act No. 175 of the Public Acts of 1958, as amended (MCLA 257.961, as amended).
B. 
Speed limit. No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon any portion of a school parking lot, including, but not limited to, the entrance and exit of such parking lot, at a greater speed than that permitted by the then existing conditions for the safety of persons and property, and in no event in excess of 15 miles per hour.
C. 
Parking. No person shall park a motor vehicle in any of the following places at or within a school parking lot except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or traffic control device:
(1) 
On a sidewalk;
(2) 
Upon or across any entrance or exit to such parking lot;
(3) 
Upon or across any driveway or other passageway for the movement of vehicular traffic on such parking lot;
(4) 
Upon any portion of a fire route; or
(5) 
In any parking space that is designated as being for handicapped persons only. However, this prohibition shall not apply to physically handicapped persons who possess material and capacity for ambulation and have received from the Secretary of State a serially numbered certificate of identification pursuant to Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended.
D. 
Additional regulations. In addition to the foregoing provisions applicable to school parking lots, the following regulations shall apply:
(1) 
All motor vehicles shall park in accordance with posted signs and/or within designated lined areas of any school parking lot.
(2) 
No motor vehicle shall park on or across any entrance or exit from a school building.
(3) 
On any school parking lot that is not marked by appropriate signs, all motor vehicles shall be parked in such a manner as not to obstruct passageways, driveways, entrances or exits to the parking lots or school buildings.
(4) 
No motor vehicle shall be parked in any school parking lot between 2:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. except when such motor vehicle is parked in an area designated by posted notice as being for overnight parking.
(5) 
The provisions of this chapter relative to parking are not applicable to School District properties where a charge or fee is imposed by the School District for the use of its parking lot, or in those instances where such charge or fee is imposed.

§ 248-5 Exceptions.

This chapter shall not be applicable to authorized emergency vehicles, nor shall this chapter be applicable to commercial vehicles loading or unloading goods, wares or merchandise for the stores located in a shopping center when such loading or unloading cannot be reasonably done in the parking areas to the rear of the stores located in the shopping center.

§ 248-6 Presumption of ownership.

In any proceeding for a violation of any parking provision of this chapter, the person to whom a motor vehicle is registered, as determined from the registration plate displayed on such motor vehicle, shall be presumed in evidence to be the person who committed the violation charged.

§ 248-7 Prohibited parking places.

[Amended 7-2-1997 by Ord. No. 349]
A. 
Generally. No person shall park any motor vehicle, at any time, at or on the following streets and locations, including any easements contiguous to such streets and locations, located within the city:
Name of Street Side Location
Burton Street West From Church Street to Huron River Drive
Cleveland Street East From Huron River Drive north to the northerly City limit of Cleveland Street
Fort Street Both From the southern City limits to Huron River Drive
German Street Both From Church to Fort Street
Hazel West From Lafler to Lynne
Hazel East From Huron River Drive North 350 feet
Harding Street North From Burton to Lamont
Huron River Drive Both From Olmstead Road to Burton Street
Lamont Street East From Pingree to Huron River Drive
Mather Street South From York to Wood Street
Olmstead Road Both From Huron River Drive to East Ditner
Olmstead Road West From Huron River Drive to Woodruff Road
Pingree Street North From Fort Street 150 feet east to the alley
Swallow Drive East From the Huron River north 800 feet
Swallow Drive East From Huron River Drive south 300 feet
Swallow Drive West From Huron River Drive south 650 feet
Truman Road East From Huron River Drive north to the northerly city limit of Truman Road
York Street East From Mather north to the dead end of York Street
B. 
Signs. The City Engineer is responsible for the placing of official signs prohibiting parking at or on the streets and designated in Subsection A hereof.
C. 
Parking violations; proof. Sections 8.23a and 8.23b of the Uniform Traffic Code, as adopted and amended in Chapter 242, Uniform Traffic Code, are applicable to violations of Subsection A hereof.

§ 248-8 Off-street parking requirements for single-family residential areas.

[Added 7-2-1997 by Ord. No. 349]
A. 
At the time of erection or enlargement of any main building or structure, automobile off-street parking shall be provided as prescribed in Section 5.2300 of Article 13 of the City of Rockwood Zoning Code.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 270, Zoning.
B. 
Off-street parking at existing single-family residences shall be permitted on a designated parking strip, parking bay, driveway, garage or combination thereof. No parking shall be permitted on lawns or other unpaved areas on residential lots, with the exception of approved gravel parking areas, nor shall parking be permitted on or across sidewalks. Paved or gravel area for parking shall not exceed 50% of the total area of the front yard.
C. 
The storage of trailers, merchandise, unlicensed, or inoperable motor vehicles or vehicles under repair is prohibited in required off-street parking in residential areas, unless enclosed in a garage or car port adjacent to or to the rear of the residential structure.

§ 248-9 Commercial parking.

A. 
Commercial parking shall be prohibited on Cleveland Street.
B. 
The Chief of Police is hereby given authority and directed to place appropriate signs on Cleveland Street giving notice of the commercial parking restrictions thereon consistent with this section.

§ 248-9.1 Parking restricted during heavy snowfall.

[Added 11-11-2002 by Ord. No. 413]
A. 
No person shall park, leave unattended or fail to remove any motor vehicle or trailer on any pubic street, highway or alleyway, or cause the same to remain parked, after a snowfall and/or drifting snow of four inches or more prior to the removal by City plowing of the street.
B. 
All vehicles and/or trailers found to be in violation of this section shall be ticketed and the owner, if possible, shall be notified to remove such vehicle from the public street, highway or alleyway at the expense of such vehicle owner. Such expense shall include towing and storage charges attached to the vehicle.
C. 
A person may obtain a hardship permit from the Police Department by completing an application provided therefor and signing an affidavit indicating that the residence does not have off-street parking or that off-street parking is inadequate by reason of his or her physical condition.

§ 248-10 Penalty.

A violation of any provision of this chapter shall be a misdemeanor, punishable as provided in Chapter 1, General Provisions, Article II. See Chapter 156, Parking Violations Bureau.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Former Art. II, Commercial and Heavy Vehicles, adopted as Ch. 422 of the 1989 Codified Ordinances, as amended, was repealed 6-2-2004 by Ord. No. 420.