Township of Elk, NJ
Gloucester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Committee of the Township of Elk as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Adopted 11-5-1998]

§ 70-1 Nonrefundable application fees.

Each applicant who files an application before the Elk Township Planning Board shall pay the applicable application fee listed below for such application. The application fee provided for herein shall be nonrefundable and is required for purposes of offsetting the administrative and clerical costs of operating the Planning Board and for costs which may be incurred by the Planning Board in the normal processing of such applications (exclusive of the legal, planning, engineering and other professional services deemed necessary by the Planning Board).

§ 70-2 Creation of escrow accounts.

A. 
In addition to the nonrefundable application fees referred to above, each applicant before the Planning Board shall establish and make the required payments to an escrow account to be maintained by the township for the purpose of providing sufficient moneys to pay the costs of review by professionals engaged by the Planning Board.
B. 
Upon submitting an application for the development to the Planning Board, the applicant shall be required to deposit with the Township Treasurer the sums hereinafter provided and execute an escrow agreement requiring the applicant to pay all necessary and reasonable costs incurred by the township for technical and professional review by the approving authority. The escrow agreement shall be in a form approved by the Township Committee. The amounts specified below to be placed in escrow are estimates of professional fees only and should not be considered as a minimum or maximum fee which may be required of the applicant to compensate the township for legal, engineering, planning or other professional services. Said fees must be paid prior to the Board certifying the application as complete; provided, however, that payment of the fee in and of itself shall not be deemed as making the application complete. In the event that the amounts required to be posted by this section are not sufficient to cover the professional charges incurred by the Township of Elk for such application, then the applicant shall pay the amount required which is over and above the funds previously collected and shall not receive any approvals or other permits from the township before such fees are paid in full. In the event that the amounts posted as fees shall be in excess of the amount required for all professional review, the excess funds shall be returned to the applicant within 30 days of the issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the project which the application fee covers. The Board Secretary shall periodically advise the Board Chairman of the balance of all escrow accounts and whether additional funds are required as provided for hereinafter. In the event that additional funds are required, the Board Chairman or Secretary shall notify the applicant of amounts required as additional fees. In the event that the applicant refuses or fails to make the payments required within 10 days of demand, the Board Chairman shall notify the approving authority. In the event that the additional fees are not paid, the Planning Board may deny the application before it, and no other permits or certificates shall be issued by the township to the applicant for the applicable project until payment is made in full. In the event that additional fees are required, the applicant shall pay such fees to the Township of Elk in accordance with the same agreement already entered into or under any additional terms which may be agreed to by the applicant and the approving authority.
C. 
Before issuing a construction permit or certificate of occupancy for any element of a project, the applicable code official for the Township of Elk shall first determine from the Board Secretary whether there are sufficient escrow funds to pay all pending or reasonably anticipated bills attributable for professional review to the particular project. The applicable code officer shall not issue the requested construction permit or certificate of occupancy until the amounts which are due or necessary to provide sufficient funds in escrow to pay such pending or reasonably anticipated bills are paid in full by the applicant.

§ 70-3 Fees and escrows.

The following is a schedule of fees to be paid by the applicant upon filing the application:
A. 
Schedule of subdivision and site plan fees.
(1) 
Minor subdivision:
[Amended 3-6-2003 by Ord. No. O-1-2003; 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003; 3-16-2004 by Ord. No. O-2004-2; 8-21-2007 by Ord. No. O-2007-11; 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3]
(a) 
Application fee: $200.
(b) 
Initial escrow fee deposit: $1,500.
(c) 
Publication fee: $25.
(2) 
Preliminary major subdivision:
(a) 
Application fee: $500.
(b) 
Engineer review: $1,000, plus $50 per lot created.
(c) 
Legal review: $400.
(d) 
Planning review:
[1] 
Residential: $500, plus $10 per lot.
[2] 
Nonresidential: $500, plus $100 per acre or a portion thereof.
(e) 
Publication: $25.[1]
[1]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection A(2)(f), establishing a GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3.
(3) 
Final major subdivision:
(a) 
Application fee: $200.
(b) 
Engineer review: $800, plus $50 per each lot created.
(c) 
Legal review: $300.
(d) 
Planning review:
[1] 
Residential: $200, plus $10 per lot.
[2] 
Nonresidential: $300, plus $100 per acre or portion thereof.
(e) 
Publication: $25.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection A(3)(f), which contained a Tax Map revision fee, added 3-6-2003 by Ord. No. O-1-2003, was repealed 8-21-2007 by Ord. No. O-2007-11.
(4) 
Planned unit development:
(a) 
Sketch plat:
[1] 
Application fee: $500.
[2] 
Engineer review: $1,000.
[3] 
Legal review: $200.
[4] 
Planning review: $1,000.
[5] 
Publication: $25.[3]
[3]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection A(2)(f), establishing a GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3.
(b) 
Master development plan approval:
[1] 
Application fee: $1,000.
[2] 
Engineer review: $1,500, plus $40 each unit and $40 per acre nonresidential.
[3] 
Legal review: $1,000.
[4] 
Planning review: $1,000, plus $40 each unit and $40 per acre nonresidential.
[5] 
Publication: $25.[4]
[4]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection A(4)(b)[6], establishing a GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3.
(c) 
Site plan/subdivision plat:
[1] 
Application fee: $1,000.
[2] 
Engineer review: $2,500, plus $40 each unit or acre.
[3] 
Legal review: $1,000.
[4] 
Planning review: $1,000, plus $40 each unit or acre.
[5] 
Publication: $25.[5]
[5]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection A(4)(c)[6], establishing a GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3.
(5) 
Minor site plan:
(a) 
Application fee: $200.
(b) 
Engineer review: $500, plus $100 per each acre over one acre or portion thereof.
(c) 
Planning review: $500, plus $50 per each acre over one acre or portion thereof.
(d) 
Legal: $200.[6]
[6]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection A(5)(e), establishing a GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3.
(6) 
Preliminary major site plan:
(a) 
Application fee: $200.
(b) 
Engineer review: $900, plus $200 each acre over one or $500, plus $100 per lot (whichever is greater).
(c) 
Legal review: $300.
(d) 
Planning review:
[1] 
Residential: $600, plus $50 for each lot or unit, whichever is greater.
[2] 
Nonresidential: $800, plus $100 per each acre over one.
(e) 
Publication: $25.[7]
[7]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection A(6)(f), GIS Map fee, added 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5.
(7) 
Final major site plan:
(a) 
Application fee: $200.
(b) 
Engineering review: $600, plus $50 each acre over one.
(c) 
Planning review: $500, plus $50 each acre over one.
(d) 
Publication: $25.
(e) 
Legal review: $300.
[Added 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3]
B. 
Use variance fees (applications made under N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70d):
[Amended 7-3-2003 by Ord. No. O-8-2003; amended 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003; 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3; 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$200
Initial escrow fee deposit
$2,500
Publication fee
$25
C. 
Bulk variance fees (application made under N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70c):
[Amended 7-3-2003 by Ord. No. O-8-2003; 9-4-2003 by Ord. No. O-14-2003; 4-3-2008 by Ord. No. O-2008-3; 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$200
Initial escrow fee deposit
$1,500
Publication fee
$25
D. 
Appeals (applications made under N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70a):
[Amended 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$200
Initial escrow fee deposit
$1,500
Publication fee
$25
E. 
Interpretation (applications made under N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70b):
[Amended 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$100
Initial escrow fee deposit
$500
F. 
Administrative nonsubstantial design change request:
[Added 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$100
Initial escrow fee deposit
$500
Publication fee
$25
G. 
Miscellaneous (i.e., informal review):
[Amended 6-5-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-5[8]]
Type
Fee
Application fee
$100
Initial escrow fee deposit
$500
Publication fee
$25
[8]
Editor's Note: Former Subsections G and H were redesignated as Subsections H and I, respectively, pursuant to this ordinance.
H. 
Applications for vacation of streets. Engineering review: $500.
[Added 12-21-2004 by Ord. No. O-2004-10]
I. 
Zoning permits. Zoning permits shall hereafter be secured from the Zoning Office prior to the issuance of a building permit or upon a change in the use of a structure or land. Each application shall be accompanied by a fee of $50.
[Added 5-5-2005 by Ord. No. O-2005-3]
[Adopted 7-19-2005 by Ord. No. O-2005-7; amended in its entirety 4-20-2009 by Ord. No. O-2009-4]

§ 70-4 Mandatory Development Fees.

A. 
Purpose.
(1) 
In Holmdel Builder's Association v. Holmdel Township, 121 N.J. 550 (1990), the New Jersey Supreme Court determined that mandatory development fees are authorized by the Fair Housing Act of 1985 (the Act), N.J.S.A. 52:27D-301 et seq., and the State Constitution, subject to the Council on Affordable Housing's (COAH's) adoption of rules.
(2) 
Pursuant to P.L. 2008, c. 46 Section 8 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-329.2) and the Statewide Nonresidential Development Fee Act (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-8.1 through 8.7), COAH is authorized to adopt and promulgate regulations necessary for the establishment, implementation, review, monitoring and enforcement of municipal affordable housing trust funds and corresponding spending plans. Municipalities that are under the jurisdiction of the Council or court of competent jurisdiction and have a COAH-approved spending plan may retain fees collected from nonresidential development.
(3) 
This section establishes standards for the collection, maintenance, and expenditure of development fees pursuant to COAH's regulations and in accordance P.L. 2008, c. 46, Sections 8 and 32 through 38.[1] Fees collected pursuant to this section shall be used for the sole purpose of providing low- and moderate-income housing. This section shall be interpreted within the framework of COAH's rules on development fees, codified at N.J.A.C. 5:97-8.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 52:27D-329.2 and N.J.S.A. 4055D-8.1 through 40:55D-8.7, respectively.
B. 
Basic requirements.
(1) 
This section shall not be effective until approved by COAH or the Court pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:96-5.1.
(2) 
Elk Township shall not spend development fees until COAH or the Court has approved a plan for spending such fees in conformance with N.J.A.C. 5:97-8.10 and N.J.A.C. 5:96-5.3.
C. 
Definitions. The following terms, as used in this section, shall have the following meanings:
AFFORDABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
A development included in the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, and includes, but is not limited to, an inclusionary development, a municipal construction project or a one-hundred-percent affordable development.
COAH or THE COUNCIL
The New Jersey Council on Affordable Housing, established under the act which has primary jurisdiction for the administration of housing obligations in accordance with sound regional planning consideration in the state.
DEVELOPER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of a lot or of any land proposed to be included in a proposed development, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase, or other person having an enforceable proprietary interest in such land.
DEVELOPMENT FEE
Money paid by a developer for the improvement of property as permitted in N.J.A.C. 5:97-8.3.
EQUALIZED ASSESSED VALUE
The assessed value of a property divided by the current average ratio of assessed to true value for the Municipality in which the property is situated, as determined in accordance with Sections 1, 5, and 6 of P.L.1973, c. 123 (N.J.S.A. 54:1-35a through N.J.S.A. 54:1-35c).
GREEN BUILDING STRATEGIES
Those strategies that minimize the impact of development on the environment and enhance the health, safety and well-being of residents by producing durable, low-maintenance, resource-efficient housing while making optimum use of existing infrastructure and community services.
MIXED USE DEVELOPMENT
Any development which includes both a nonresidential development component and a residential development component, and shall include developments for which:
(1) 
There is a common developer for both the residential development component and the nonresidential development component, provided that for purposes of this definition, multiple persons and entities may be considered a common developer if there is a contractual relationship among them obligating each entity to develop at least a portion of the residential or nonresidential development, or both, or otherwise to contribute resources to the development; and
(2) 
The residential and nonresidential developments are located on the same lot or adjoining lots, including but not limited to lots separated by a street, a river, or another geographic feature.
(1) 
Any building or structure, or portion thereof, including but not limited to any appurtenant improvements, which is designated to a use group other than a residential use group according to the State Uniform Construction Code promulgated to effectuate the State Uniform Construction Code Act, P.L.1975, c. 217 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-119 et seq.), including any subsequent amendments or revisions thereto;
(2) 
Hotels, motels, vacation time shares, and child-care facilities; and
(3) 
The entirety of all continuing care facilities within a continuing care retirement community which is subject to the Continuing Care Retirement Community Regulation and Financial Disclosure Act, P.L. 1986, c. 103 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-330 et seq.).
NONRESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT FEE
The fee authorized to be imposed pursuant to sections 32 through 38 of P.L. 2008, c. 46 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-8.1 through N.J.S.A. 40:55D-8.7).
RELATING TO THE PROVISION OF HOUSING
Shall be liberally construed to include the construction, maintenance, or operation of housing, including but not limited to the provision of services to such housing and the funding of any of the above.
SPENDING PLAN
A method of allocating funds collected and to be collected pursuant to an approved municipal development fee ordinance or pursuant to P.L. 2008, c. 46 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-329.1 et seq.) for the purpose of meeting the housing needs of low- and moderate-income individuals.
D. 
Residential development fees.
(1) 
Imposed fees.
(a) 
Within all zoning districts in the Township, developers of all new residential dwelling units not exempt from the collection of development fees in accordance with § 70-4D(2) shall pay a fee of 1 1/2% of the equalized assessed value for residential development, provided no increased density is permitted.
(b) 
Fees with "d" variance.
[1] 
When an increase in residential density pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70d(5) (known as a "d" variance) has been permitted, developers may be required to pay a development fee of 6% of the equalized assessed value for each additional unit that may be realized. However, if the zoning on a site has changed during the two-year period preceding the filing of such a variance application, the base density for the purposes of calculating the bonus development fee shall be the highest density permitted by right during the two-year period preceding the filing of the variance application.
[2] 
Example. If an approval allows four units to be constructed on a site that was zoned for two units, the fees could equal 1 1/2% of the equalized assessed value on the first two units; and the specified higher percentage up to six percent of the equalized assessed value for the two additional units, provided zoning on the site has not changed during the two-year period preceding the filing of such a variance application.
(2) 
Eligible exactions, ineligible exactions and exemptions for residential development.
(a) 
Affordable housing developments and developments where the developer has made a payment in lieu of on-site construction of affordable units shall be exempt from development fees.
(b) 
Developments that have received preliminary or final site plan approval prior to the adoption of a municipal development fee ordinance shall be exempt from development fees, unless the developer seeks a substantial change in the approval. Where a site plan approval does not apply, a zoning and/or building permit shall be synonymous with preliminary or final site plan approval for this purpose. The fee percentage shall be vested on the date that the building permit is issued.
(c) 
Development fees shall be imposed and collected when an existing structure undergoes a change to a more intense use (such as from a single-family to a two-family dwelling). The development fee shall be calculated on the increase in the equalized assessed value of the improved structure. Development fees are not required for additions to existing dwelling units or for accessory structures.
(d) 
Developers of residential structures demolished and replaced as a result of a natural disaster shall be exempt from paying a development fee.
E. 
Nonresidential development fees.
(1) 
Imposed fees.
(a) 
Within all zoning districts, nonresidential developers, except for developers of the types of development specifically exempted, shall pay a fee equal to 2.5% of the equalized assessed value of the land and improvements, for all new nonresidential construction on an unimproved lot or lots.
(b) 
Nonresidential developers, except for developers of the types of development specifically exempted, shall also pay a fee equal to 2.5% of the increase in equalized assessed value resulting from any additions to existing structures to be used for nonresidential purposes.
(c) 
Development fees shall be imposed and collected when an existing structure is demolished and replaced. The development fee of 2.5% shall be calculated on the difference between the equalized assessed value of the pre-existing land and improvement and the equalized assessed value of the newly improved structure, i.e. land and improvement, at the time final certificate of occupancy is issued. If the calculation required under this section results in a negative number, the nonresidential development fee shall be zero.
(2) 
Eligible exactions, ineligible exactions and exemptions for nonresidential development
(a) 
The nonresidential portion of a mixed-use inclusionary or market rate development shall be subject to the development fee of 2.5%, unless otherwise exempted below.
(b) 
The fee of 2.5% shall not apply to an increase in equalized assessed value resulting from alterations, change in use within existing footprint, reconstruction, renovations and repairs.
(c) 
Nonresidential developments shall be exempt from the payment of nonresidential development fees in accordance with the exemptions required pursuant to P.L. 2008, c. 46, as specified in the Form N-RDF, "State of New Jersey Nonresidential Development Fee Certification/Exemption." Any exemption claimed by a developer shall be substantiated by that developer.
(d) 
A developer of a nonresidential development exempted from the nonresidential development fee pursuant to P.L. 2008, c. 46, shall be subject to it at such time the basis for the exemption no longer applies and shall make the payment of the nonresidential development fee, in that event, within three years after that event or after the issuance of the final certificate of occupancy of the nonresidential development, whichever is later.
(e) 
If a property which was exempted from the collection of a nonresidential development fee thereafter ceases to be exempt from property taxation, the owner of the property shall remit the fees required pursuant to this section within 45 days of the termination of the property tax exemption. Unpaid nonresidential development fees under these circumstances may be enforceable by Elk Township as a lien against the real property of the owner.
F. 
Collection procedures.
(1) 
Upon the granting of a preliminary, final or other applicable approval, for a development, the applicable approving authority shall direct its staff to notify the construction official responsible for the issuance of a building permit.
(2) 
For nonresidential developments only, the developer shall also be provided with a copy of Form N-RDF, "State of New Jersey Nonresidential Development Fee Certification/Exemption," to be completed as per the instructions provided. The developer of a nonresidential development shall complete Form N-RDF as per the instructions provided. The construction official shall verify the information submitted by the nonresidential developer as per the instructions provided in the Form N-RDF. The Tax Assessor shall verify exemptions and prepare estimated and final assessments as per the instructions provided in Form N-RDF.
(3) 
The construction official responsible for the issuance of a building permit shall notify the local Tax Assessor of the issuance of the first building permit for a development which is subject to a development fee.
(4) 
Within 90 days of receipt of that notice, the Municipal Tax Assessor, based on the plans filed, shall provide an estimate of the equalized assessed value of the development.
(5) 
The construction official responsible for the issuance of a final certificate of occupancy notifies the local assessor of any and all requests for the scheduling of a final inspection on property which is subject to a development fee.
(6) 
Within 10 business days of a request for the scheduling of a final inspection, the Municipal Assessor shall confirm or modify the previously estimated equalized assessed value of the improvements of the development; calculate the development fee; and thereafter notify the developer of the amount of the fee.
(7) 
Should Elk Township fail to determine or notify the developer of the amount of the development fee within 10 business days of the request for final inspection, the developer may estimate the amount due and pay that estimated amount consistent with the dispute process set forth in Subsection b of Section 37 of P.L. 2008, c. 46 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-8.6).
(8) 
Fifty percent of the development fee shall be collected at the time of issuance of the building permit. The remaining portion shall be collected at the issuance of the certificate of occupancy. The developer shall be responsible for paying the difference between the fee calculated at building permit and that determined at issuance of certificate of occupancy.
(9) 
Appeal of development fees.
(a) 
A developer may challenge residential development fees imposed by filing a challenge with the County Board of Taxation. Pending a review and determination by the Board, collected fees shall be placed in an interest-bearing escrow account by Elk Township. Appeals from a determination of the Board may be made to the Tax Court in accordance with the provisions of the State Tax Uniform Procedure Law, N.J.S.A. 54:48-1 et seq., within 90 days after the date of such determination. Interest earned on amounts escrowed shall be credited to the prevailing party.
(b) 
A developer may challenge nonresidential development fees imposed by filing a challenge with the Director of the Division of Taxation. Pending a review and determination by the Director, which shall be made within 45 days of receipt of the challenge, collected fees shall be placed in an interest-bearing escrow account by Elk Township. Appeals from a determination of the Director may be made to the Tax Court in accordance with the provisions of the State Tax Uniform Procedure Law, N.J.S.A. 54:48-1 et seq., within 90 days after the date of such determination. Interest earned on amounts escrowed shall be credited to the prevailing party.
G. 
Affordable Housing Trust Fund.
(1) 
There is hereby created a separate, interest-bearing housing trust fund to be maintained by the Chief Financial Officer for the purpose of depositing development fees collected from residential and nonresidential developers and proceeds from the sale of units with extinguished controls.
(2) 
The following additional funds shall be deposited in the Affordable Housing Trust Fund and shall at all times be identifiable by source and amount:
(a) 
Payments in lieu of on-site construction of affordable units;
(b) 
Developer-contributed funds to make 10% of the adaptable entrances in a townhouse or other multistory attached development accessible;
(c) 
Rental income from municipally operated units;
(d) 
Repayments from affordable housing program loans;
(e) 
Recapture funds;
(f) 
Proceeds from the sale of affordable units; and
(g) 
Any other funds collected in connection with Elk's affordable housing program.
(3) 
Within seven days from the opening of the trust fund account, Elk Township shall provide COAH with written authorization, in the form of a three-party escrow agreement between the Municipality, the bank, and COAH, to permit COAH to direct the disbursement of the funds as provided for in N.J.A.C. 5:97-8.13(b).
(4) 
All interest accrued in the housing trust fund shall only be used on eligible affordable housing activities approved by COAH.
H. 
Use of funds.
(1) 
The expenditure of all funds shall conform to a spending plan approved by COAH. Funds deposited in the housing trust fund may be used for any activity approved by COAH to address Elk Township's fair share obligation and may be set up as a grant or revolving loan program. Such activities include, but are not limited to, preservation or purchase of housing for the purpose of maintaining or implementing affordability controls, rehabilitation, new construction of affordable housing units and related costs, accessory apartment, market to affordable, or regional housing partnership programs, conversion of existing nonresidential buildings to create new affordable units, green building strategies designed to be cost saving and in accordance with accepted national or state standards, purchase of land for affordable housing, improvement of land to be used for affordable housing, extensions or improvements of roads and infrastructure to affordable housing sites, financial assistance designed to increase affordability, administration necessary for creation or implementation of the Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, or any other activity as permitted pursuant to N.J.A.C. 5:97-8.7 through 5:97-8.9 and specified in the approved spending plan.
(2) 
Funds shall not be expended to reimburse Elk Township for past housing activities.
(3) 
At least 30% of all development fees collected and interest earned shall be used to provide affordability assistance to low- and moderate-income households in affordable units included in the Municipal Fair Share Plan. One-third of the affordability assistance portion of development fees collected shall be used to provide affordability assistance to those households earning 30% or less of median income by region.
(a) 
Affordability assistance programs may include down payment assistance, security deposit assistance, low-interest loans, rental assistance, assistance with homeowners' association or condominium fees and special assessments, and assistance with emergency repairs.
(b) 
Affordability assistance to households earning 30% or less of median income may include buying down the cost of low- or moderate-income units in the Municipal Fair Share Plan to make them affordable to households earning 30% or less of median income.
(c) 
Payments in lieu of constructing affordable units on site and funds from the sale of units with extinguished controls shall be exempt from the affordability assistance requirement.
(4) 
Elk Township may contract with a private or public entity to administer any part of its Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, including the requirement for affordability assistance, in accordance with N.J.A.C. 5:96-18.
(5) 
No more than 20% of all revenues collected from development fees may be expended on administration, including, but not limited to, salaries and benefits for municipal employees or consultant fees necessary to develop or implement a new construction program, a Housing Element and Fair Share Plan, and/or an affirmative marketing program. In the case of a rehabilitation program, no more than 20% of the revenues collected from development fees shall be expended for such administrative expenses. Administrative funds may be used for income qualification of households, monitoring the turnover of sale and rental units, and compliance with COAH's monitoring requirements. Legal or other fees related to litigation opposing affordable housing sites or objecting to the Council's regulations and/or action are not eligible uses of the affordable housing trust fund.
I. 
Monitoring. Elk Township shall complete and return to COAH all monitoring forms included in monitoring requirements related to the collection of development fees from residential and nonresidential developers, payments in lieu of constructing affordable units on site, funds from the sale of units with extinguished controls, barrier-free escrow funds, rental income, repayments from affordable housing program loans, and any other funds collected in connection with Elk's housing program, as well as to the expenditure of revenues and implementation of the plan approved by the court. All monitoring reports shall be completed on forms designed by COAH.
J. 
Ongoing collection of fees. The ability for Elk Township to impose, collect and expend development fees shall expire with its substantive certification unless Elk Township has filed an adopted Housing Element and Fair Share Plan with COAH, has petitioned for substantive certification, and has received COAH's approval of its development fee ordinance. If Elk Township fails to renew its ability to impose and collect development fees prior to the expiration of its substantive certification, it may be subject to forfeiture of any or all funds remaining within its municipal trust fund. Any funds so forfeited shall be deposited into the New Jersey Affordable Housing Trust Fund established pursuant to Section 20 of P.L. 1985, c. 222 (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-320). Elk Township shall not impose a residential development fee on a development that receives preliminary or final site plan approval after the expiration of its substantive certification or judgment of compliance, nor shall Elk Township retroactively impose a development fee on such a development. Elk Township shall not expend development fees after the expiration of its substantive certification or judgment of compliance.