City of Grain Valley, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 210.010 Definitions. [1]

[Code 1985, § 73.010; CC 1990 §4-1; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 1809, 1-23-2006; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this Chapter, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this Section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
ABANDON
To cease to provide physical control, adequate shelter, adequate food, adequate water and adequate health care for an animal without having provided that such care, custody and physical control of such animal has been transferred to another person. This shall include not redeeming a dog, cat or other animal at an animal shelter or kennel.
ADEQUATE CARE
Normal and prudent attention to the needs of an animal, including that care which is normally necessary to maintain good health in the specific species of animal or fowl.
ADEQUATE CONTROL
To reasonably restrain or govern an animal so that the animal does not injure itself, any person, any other animal or property.
ADEQUATE FOOD
Wholesome foodstuffs suitable for the species provided at suitable intervals in a sanitary manner in quantities sufficient to maintain good health in an animal considering its age and condition.
ADEQUATE HEALTH CARE
The provision to each healthy animal of all immunizations and preventative care required to maintain good health, space adequate to allow the animal rest and exercise sufficient to maintain good health, and the provision to each sick, diseased or injured animal of necessary veterinary care or humane death.
ADEQUATE SHELTER
A structurally sound, properly ventilated, sanitary and weatherproof shelter suitable for the species, condition and age of the animal which provides access to shade from direct sunlight and regress from exposure to inclement weather conditions. The condition of the shelter should be such as to not exacerbate existing weather conditions, e.g., a metal doghouse in the hot sun.
ADEQUATE WATER
A continual access to or access at suitable intervals to a supply of clean, fresh, potable water provided in a sanitary manner suitable for the species, condition and age of the animal in sufficient amounts to maintain good health in the animal. Such water will be provided in a secure manner so that the container cannot be overturned.
ANIMAL
Any live, vertebrate creature, domestic or wild, other than humans; including dogs and cats as further defined in Section 210.160.
ANIMAL LICENSE
Any system of animal identification approved by the Director of Public Works or Finance Director, which do not involve alteration or permanent marking of an animal.
ANIMAL SHELTER
The facility or facilities operated by or contracted for by the City or its authorized agents for the purpose of impounding or caring for animals held under the authority of this Chapter or State law and in charge of a Shelter Superintendent employed by or duly authorized to act as such by the City.
AT LARGE
A dog, cat or other animal deemed to be at large when off the property of the owner and not under restraint.
COMMERCIAL ANIMAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any pet shop, grooming shop, auction, riding school, stable, kennel, guard dog service, dog trainer or business keeping animals in stock for retail or wholesale trade, or any establishment performing one (1) or more of the principal activities of the aforementioned establishments.
DANGEROUS ANIMAL
Any animal having evidenced a disposition, propensity or tendency to attack or bite any person or other animal without provocation, or any animal which, without provocation, in a vicious or terrorizing manner, approaches any person in apparent attitude of attack upon the streets, sidewalks or any public grounds or places; or any animal which is wild by nature and of a species which, due to size, vicious nature or other characteristics, constitutes a danger to human life, physical well-being or property; or any animal which has been found to be vicious, dangerous or a danger or menace to persons or other animals by a court of law of another jurisdiction after a hearing or upon a plea agreement is hereby deemed to be a dangerous animal. For the purpose of this Chapter, where the official records of the Neighborhood Services Office or the Police Department of this City or any other jurisdiction establish that an animal has bitten any person or other animal on one (1) or more separate occasions without provocation, such evidence shall be prima facie evidence that said animal is a dangerous animal. In making a determination as to whether an animal is dangerous, elements that may be considered, but are not required to be, are provocation, location of the event, reason for the attack, whether the animal is acting protectively, whether the animal was tormented or abused, the seriousness of an attack and previous attacks.
DOMESTIC ANIMAL
Any species of animal bred by human beings through several generations to select and successively achieve those qualities of domesticity required for the animals to live and/or work successfully with human beings.
FERRET
A small, elongated, fur-covered mammal that is domesticated.
FOWL
Any and all fowl, domesticated and wild, male and female, singular and plural.
HARBORING
Offering asylum, refuge or sanctuary to any animal on a basis so temporary as to not be deemed to be owning or keeping.
INDIVIDUAL
An adult and competent human.
NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES OFFICER
An officer or agent designated by the City of Grain Valley to enforce this Chapter.
OWNING, KEEPING OR MAINTAINING
A person or group that has been harboring, feeding or sheltering any animal for three (3) or more consecutive days or professing ownership of such animal.
PUBLIC NUISANCE
Any animal (or group of animals which contains any animal) which:
1. 
Molests any passersby or chases passing vehicles including bicycles.
2. 
Is deemed dangerous as defined within this Chapter.
3. 
Is in heat and not properly confined as provided in this Chapter.
4. 
Is not under restraint as defined within this Chapter.
5. 
Damages public or private property.
6. 
Barks, whines or howls in an excessive fashion, which is hereby defined as continuous or untimely so as to disturb the peace of an individual who is a neighbor (a "neighbor" for this purpose is hereby defined as an individual residing in a residence structure which is within one hundred (100) yards of the property on which the animal is kept or harbored) and who does in writing state that he/she will so testify, if called upon to testify about such matter under oath.
7. 
Is ridden on public property without permission of the City or which obstructs or interferes with vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
8. 
Causes injury to a person.
9. 
Threatens or causes a condition which endangers public health.
10. 
Impedes refuse collection by ripping any bag or tipping any container of such or interferes with the collector thereof.
11. 
Attacks any other animal.
PRIMATE
Monkey, baboon, ape, lemur, etc.
RESTRAINT
Within a fully enclosed or fenced area or under the handheld leash of the owner, keeper, harborer or maintainer, or on a leash confining such dog, cat or animal to the yard of its owner which allows animal no closer than five (5) feet of City right-of-way or to property adjacent to the premises on which the dog is kept.
SANITARY
Free from elements, such as accumulation of feces, filth or pathogens that endanger health.
SUPERVISOR OF ANIMAL CONTROL
The Director of Public Works or designee shall act as the Supervisor of Animal Control and staff assigned to work under the direct control of the Supervisor of Animal Control, who may act through staff to perform any duty under this Chapter unless otherwise specifically stated, and includes the Chief of Police.
WILD ANIMAL
Any animal that is predominantly free-roaming, as opposed to domesticated.
[1]
Cross Reference — Definitions and rules of construction generally, §100.020.

Section 210.011 Numbers of Animals Allowed.

[Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
The maximum number of domestic animals described in this Chapter, unless specifically noted elsewhere in this Chapter, shall be four (4) animals over the age of six (6) months per household within the City limits in a zoned residential neighborhood. Five (5) or more animals will constitute a commercial kennel and require proper zoning and an occupational license issued by the City.

Section 210.020 Animal Abuse and Neglect.

[Code 1985, §73.020; CC 1990 §4-2; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
Animal Neglect. A person is guilty of animal neglect when he/she has custody or ownership or both of an animal and fails to provide adequate care or adequate control, including, but not limited to, knowingly abandoning an animal in any place without making provisions for its adequate care which results in substantial harm to the animal.
B. 
Animal Abuse. A person is guilty of animal abuse when a person:
1. 
Intentionally or purposely kills an animal in any manner not allowed by or expressly exempted from the provisions of Sections 578.005 to 578.023 and 273.030, RSMo.;
2. 
Purposely or intentionally causes injury or suffering to an animal; or
3. 
Having ownership or custody of an animal knowingly fails to provide adequate care or adequate control such as, but not limited to, providing adequate food, adequate water, adequate shelter and adequate health care.
C. 
If the person acting as keeper, harborer, maintainer or other is not the owner, then it further shall be unlawful for the owner of any such animal to cause or knowingly permit the same to be treated in any such manner as set forth in this Section. Punishment for violation of this Section shall be in accordance with Section 100.110 of this Code.
D. 
The Director of Public Works, Police Chief or their designee is authorized to remove from the property of the owner, keeper, harborer or maintainer any animal which, in his/her judgment, has not been cared for or is being treated cruelly as defined in Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section and is in need of emergency veterinary care, and the owner, keeper, harborer or maintainer is not at the property. Any expense incurred in the care of the animal shall be that of owner, keeper, harborer or maintainer as provided for in this Chapter.

Section 210.030 Permitting Animal to Become Nuisance. [1]

[Code 1985, §73.030; CC 1990 §4-3; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
It shall be unlawful for the owner, keeper, harborer or maintainer to allow or permit any species of animal to become a public nuisance.
[1]
Cross Reference — Nuisances, §225.010 et seq.

Section 210.040 Diseased Animals.

[Code 1985, §73.040; CC 1990 §4-4; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
No domestic animal afflicted with a contagious or infectious disease shall be allowed to run at large or to be exposed in any public place whereby the health of man or beast may be affected; nor shall such diseased animal be shipped or removed from the premises of the owner thereof, except under the supervision of the Chief of Police or the Neighborhood Services Officer.
B. 
It is hereby made the duty of the Neighborhood Services Officer to secure such disposition of any diseased animal and such treatment of affected premises as to prevent the communication and spread of the contagion or infection, except in cases where the State veterinarian is empowered to act.

Section 210.050 Neglected or Abused Animal Not to Be Returned to Owner. [1]

[Code 1985, §73.050; CC 1990 §4-5; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
If a person is adjudicated guilty of animal neglect or animal abuse and the Municipal Court is satisfied that an animal owned or controlled by such person would in the future be subject to such neglect or abuse, such animal shall not be returned to or allowed to remain with such person, but its disposition shall be determined by the court.
[1]
Cross Reference — Licenses, permits and miscellaneous business regulations, ch. 605.

Section 210.060 Authority to Kill Dangerous Animals.

[Code 1985, §73.060; CC 1990 §4-6; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
The Director of Public Works or Police Chief or authorized City employees are authorized to kill any dangerous animals of any kind when it is necessary for the protection of any person or property.

Section 210.070 Offensive, Noisy Stock Trucks.

[Code 1985, §73.070; CC 1990 §4-7; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
No truck loaded with stock which would cause an offensive smell or noise, or which would unnecessarily annoy the peace of others, shall be allowed to park over one (1) hour within the corporate limits of the City.

Section 210.080 Running at Large — Prohibited — Impoundment.

[Code 1985, §73.080; CC 1990 §4-8; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
To beautify, maintain progress, to abate nuisances and protect the property of the citizen, it is hereby made unlawful for any owner to permit, whether intentionally or unintentionally, the running at large of cattle, hogs, horses, mules, sheep, goats and all domestic animals, including dogs, cats, geese, ducks, chickens and turkeys, and all other domestic fowl.

Section 210.090 The Regulation of Vietnamese Potbellied Pigs.

[Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
A Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) of pure breed lineage shall not be considered "livestock" or a "farm animal" as said terms are used in Title IV of this Code, so long as they are domesticated and are a pet.
B. 
Vietnamese potbellied pigs (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) shall be subject to Sections 210.080 and Article III of this Chapter.
C. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to own, keep or harbor more than one (1) Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) in a zoned residential neighborhood.
D. 
Any Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) that is running at large or in violation of any other ordinance of the City of Grain Valley, Missouri, may be seized and impounded by any Police or Neighborhood Services Officer and may be impounded in any animal shelter so designated by the City of Grain Valley.
E. 
If the owner of the Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) can be identified, the owner shall, if at all possible, be notified that the Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) has been impounded.
F. 
If a Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) that has been impounded is not redeemed by the owner within four (4) days after impoundment, counting only those days during which the shelter is open to the public, said Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) may be disposed of in one (1) of the following ways:
1. 
Euthanasia, using a method approved by the Humane Society of the United States; or
2. 
Release for adoption by a new owner who shows evidence of ability and intention to provide for the Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller).
G. 
An owner redeeming a Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) from impoundment shall pay, before release, the prevailing board fee charged the City for each twenty-four (24) hours, or fraction thereof, that the Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) has been impounded. Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this Section shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or imprisonment not exceeding ninety (90) days or by both such fine and imprisonment. The court shall have the power to order the impoundment, release, removal from the City, return to the City or confinement by an individual of any animal seized, impounded or subject to a violation of this Section. The court shall have the power to assess the costs of boarding any animal that is impounded under this Section.
H. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to cause or allow a Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) to become pregnant within any residentially zoned area in Grain Valley, Missouri, or to remain in such area after becoming pregnant.
I. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to own, keep or harbor a Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) weighing more than one hundred twenty-five (125) pounds within a zoned residential neighborhood.
J. 
The burden of proving that a pig or swine is a Vietnamese potbellied pig (Sus Scrofa Jubatus Muller) is on the owner or person harboring said animal.
K. 
License for the keeping of a Vietnamese potbellied pig is one hundred dollars ($100.00) per animal per year or any part of a year to be renewed yearly between January first (1st) and February first (1st). A late fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) shall be added if not paid by February first (1st).

Section 210.091 Keeping of Primates.

[Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
No primate shall be allowed to be harbored within the City limits, except for those that are certified through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). All USDA rules and regulations apply to the harboring of primates within the City limits of Grain Valley.
B. 
License for the keeping of a primate is one hundred dollars ($100.00) per animal per year or any part of a year to be renewed yearly between January first (1st) and February first (1st). A late fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) shall be added if not paid by February first (1st).

Section 210.092 Keeping of Ferrets.

[Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
License for keeping of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) shall be one hundred dollars ($100.00) per animal per year and meet the rabies vaccination requirements of this Chapter. A late fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) shall be added if not paid by February first (1st).

Section 210.100 Place of Keeping Animals Regulated — Nuisance Created.

[Code 1985, §73.100; CC 1990 §4-9; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
No person shall keep any undomesticated animal in the City except in those areas zoned for agricultural use.

Section 210.110 Indecent Exhibition of Animals.

[Code 1985, §73.110; CC 1990 §4-10; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
No person shall indecently exhibit or cause or allow to be indecently exhibited any domestic animals or other animals engaging for mating/breeding within the City limits in public view.
B. 
No person shall engage in an indecent act with any domestic animals or other animals.

Section 210.120 Beekeeping.

[Code 1985, §73.120; CC 1990 §4-11; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
It shall be unlawful to keep or harbor any bees in the City except in agricultural areas and four hundred (400) feet from inhabitants other than the owners thereof. Any beehive used or occupied by bees in violation of this Section is hereby declared to be a nuisance; and it shall be unlawful to keep or maintain any hive in the City except in areas four hundred (400) feet from inhabitants other than the owners thereof.

Section 210.130 Fees for Impounding and Keeping of Animals and Fowl — Disposition of Unclaimed Animals.

[Code 1985, §73.130; CC 1990 §4-12; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
A. 
Any person redeeming a dog, cat or other animal, including fowl, from impoundment at the City's contract animal shelter shall pay, before release, an impoundment fee and holding charge, in addition to payment to City's contract animal shelter for charges for each twenty-four (24) hours or fraction thereof that the animal has been impounded as an impoundment fee.
B. 
Additional fees shall be assessed against the owner for any unusual expenses incurred either in the impoundment or the care of the animal, including costs for vaccination, treatment and quarantine.
C. 
The following amounts are levied as release fees to be paid by the person seeking to claim each animal:
1. 
Dog or cat.
[Ord. No. 2399, 11-28-2016]
a. 
First impoundment release: thirty-five dollars ($35.00) per animal paid at City Hall, plus a holding charge of twelve dollars and fifty cents ($12.50) per day and/or associated cost to be paid at the City's contract animal shelter.
b. 
Second impoundment and all subsequent impoundment releases: fifty dollars ($50.00) per animal paid at City Hall, plus a holding charge of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day and/or associated cost to be paid at the City's contract animal shelter.
2. 
All other animals. Same as above plus City contractor's cost (horse trailer, stables, etc.).
3. 
Such fees are in addition to court fines, court costs and/or kenneling charges.
D. 
If said animal is not redeemed or claimed, the person owning, keeping or maintaining such animal shall still be liable for payment of all fees incurred for impounding, vaccination, treatment and quarantine. The City shall notify such person, by regular U.S. mail, of the amounts due and owing. If, after notice is given, such fees are not paid within five (5) days from date of mailing, then such person shall be in violation of this Section and, upon conviction of same, shall be subject to the penalties set forth in Section 100.110 of this Code in addition to payment of all impoundment fees.

Section 210.140 Enforcement.

[Code 1985, §73.220; CC 1990 §4-13; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
The enforcement of the terms and provisions of this Chapter are made the duty of the Director of Public Works or their designee.

Section 210.150 Penalty.

[Code 1985, §73-450; CC 1990 §4-14; Ord. No. 555 §1, 4-27-1987; Ord. No. 1652 §1, 6-28-2004; Ord. No. 2002, 11-24-2008]
Unless a specific penalty appears herein in connection with a specific Section, violation of any Section of this Chapter shall be punishable, upon a plea or finding of guilty, as provided in Section 100.110 of this Code.