Town of Pleasant Valley, NY
Dutchess County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Pleasant Valley 4-9-2008 by L.L. No. 2-2008.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Officers and employees — See Ch. 17.
009a Annual Statement of Conflict
[1]
Editor's Note: This local law also repealed former Ch. 9, Ethics, Code of, adopted 8-15-2001 by L.L. No. 4-2001.

§ 9-1 Statement of purpose; legislative authority.

This Code of Ethics is enacted pursuant to Article 18 of the General Municipal Law. It is the purpose of this Code to establish standards of ethical conduct for officers, employees, and certain appointed officials of the Town of Pleasant Valley, to afford them clear guidance as to these standards, and to ensure that Town government is free from improper influence as to assure public confidence and trust. This Code shall be in addition to all other legal restrictions, standards and provisions pertaining to the conduct of Town officers and employees.

§ 9-2 Definitions.

Unless the context clearly provides otherwise, the terms set forth below shall have the following meanings:
APPROPRIATE BODY
The Town of Pleasant Valley Board of Ethics, c/o Town of Pleasant Valley, Town Clerk, or Attorney to the Town. 1554 Main Street, Pleasant Valley, NY 12569.
CHILD or CHILDREN
Any unemancipated son, daughter, stepson or stepdaughter.
INTEREST
A direct or indirect pecuniary or material benefit accruing to an officer or employee, or his or her relative, whether as a result of a contract with the Town or otherwise. For the purpose of this chapter, a Town officer or employee shall be deemed to have an interest in the contract of:
A. 
A relative, except as to a contract of employment with the Town;
B. 
A firm, partnership or association of which such officer or employee is a member or employee;
C. 
A corporation of which such officer or employee is an officer, director or employee;
D. 
A corporation of which more than 5% of the outstanding stock is owned by any such officer, employee, or his or her relative.
LEGISLATION
A matter which appears on the agenda of the Town Board or on a committee thereof, on which any official action will he taken and shall include proposed or adopted acts, local laws, ordinances or resolutions.
OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE
An elected or appointed officer or employee of the Town of Pleasant Valley, whether paid or unpaid. No person shall be deemed to be an officer or an employee of the Town solely by reason of being a volunteer fireman or EMT volunteer, except a Fire Chief or an Assistant Fire Chief.
RELATIVE
A child, stepchild, parent, stepparent, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, legal guardian of any said persons, an officer or employee, or the spouse of the officer or employee.
SPOUSE
The husband or wife of an officer or employee, unless living separate and apart pursuant to:
E. 
A judicial order, decree or judgment of separation; or
F. 
A legally binding written agreement of separation in accordance with the Domestic Relations Law.
TOWN
The Town of Pleasant Valley.
UNEMANCIPATED CHILD
A child who is under the age of 18, unmarried and living in the household of an officer or employee.

§ 9-3 Standards of conduct.

Every officer or employee of the Town shall be subject to and abide by the following standards of conduct:
A. 
Gifts. No officer or employee shall directly or indirectly solicit or receive any money, whether in the form of cash, check, loan, credit, or any other form in any amount, or solicit any gifts, or accept or receive any individual annual gift, having a value of $75 or more, whether in the form of services, loan, travel, entertainment, hospitality, thing or promise, or any other form, under circumstances in which it could be reasonably inferred that the money or gift was intended to influence, or could be reasonably expected to influence him or her in the performance of official duties, or was intended as a reward for any official action.
B. 
Confidential information. No officer or employee shall disclose confidential information acquired in the course of official duties or use such information to further a personal interest.
C. 
Representation before one's own agency. No officer or employee shall receive or enter into any agreement, expressed or implied, for compensation, direct or indirect, for services to be rendered in relation to any matter before any agency of which he or she is an officer, member or employee or of any agency over which he or she has jurisdiction or to which he or she has the power to appoint any member, officer, or employee.
D. 
Representation before any agency for a contingent fee. No officer or employee shall receive or enter into any agreement, expressed or implied, for compensation, direct or indirect, for services to be rendered in relation to any matter before any agency of the Town, whereby his or her compensation is to be dependent or contingent on any action by such agency with respect to such matter, provided that this subsection shall not prohibit the fixing at any time of fees based on the reasonable value of the services rendered.
E. 
Disclosure of interest in legislation. To the extent known, any officer or employee of the Town who participates in the discussion, or gives an official opinion to the Town Board on any legislation before it shall publicly disclose on the official record, the nature and extent of any direct or indirect financial or other private interest he or she may have in such legislation.
F. 
Disclosure of interests in contracts. To the extent known, any officer or employee of the Town who has, will have, or subsequently acquires any interest in any contract with the Town, shall publicly disclose the nature and extent of such interest in writing to the Board of Ethics and Town Board, as well as to his or her immediate supervisor, as soon as he or she has knowledge of such actual or prospective interest.
G. 
Investments in conflict with official duties. No officer or employee shall invest or hold any investment, directly or indirectly, in any financial, business, commercial or other private transaction, which creates a conflict with his or her official duties.
H. 
Private employment. No officer or employee shall engage in, solicit, negotiate for, or promise to accept private employment, or render services for private interest, when such employment or service creates a conflict with, or impairs, the proper discharge of his or her official duties.
I. 
Future employment. No officer or employee shall, within a period of one year after termination of service of employment, appear before any agency of the Town, except on his or her own behalf. No officer or employee shall, after termination of service or employment, appear before any agency of the Town in relation to any matter, case, proceeding, application or transaction, with respect to which such person was directly concerned, or in which he or she personally participated during his or her service or employment.
J. 
Prohibited conflicts of interest. No Town officer or employee shall have an interest in any contract between the Town and a corporation or partnership of which he or she is an officer or employee, which such Town officer or employee has the power to negotiate, prepare, authorize, or approve the contract, or authorize or approve payment thereunder; audit bills or claims under the contract; or appoint an officer or employee who has any of the powers of duties set forth above; and no chief fiscal officer, treasurer, or his or her deputy or employee, shall have an interest in a bank or trust company designated as a depository, paying agent, registration agent or for investment of funds of the Town of which he or she is an officer or employee. The provisions of this section shall in no event be construed to preclude the payment of lawful compensation and necessary expenses of any Town officer or employee in one or more positions of public employment, the holding of which is not prohibited by law.
K. 
Certain interests prohibited. No officer or employee of the Town who has an interest in any real property, either individually or as an officer or employee of a corporation or partnership, shall participate in the acquisition or plan for acquisition of said property or any property adjacent to said property by the Town. The term "participation" shall include the promotion of the site, as well as the negotiation of the terms of acquisition.
L. 
No municipal officer or employee shall use or permit the use of property, owned or leased to the Town, for other than official purposes or for activities not otherwise officially approved by the Town Board.
M. 
Except where required by law, no Justice of the Peace or member of a quasi-judicial administrative board, including, but not limited to, the Zoning Board of Appeals and Board of Ethics, shall be an officer of a political committee or party.

§ 9-4 Matters against Town.

Nothing herein shall be deemed to bar or prevent the appearance of a present or former officer or employee before any agency on his or own behalf, or on behalf of a relative, to express an opinion or comment on a matter before that agency; nor prevent the appearance or timely filing of any claim, account, demand or suit against the Town of any agency thereof, where the matter arises out of any personal injury or property damage or for any lawful benefit authorized or permitted by law.

§ 9-5 Distribution of Code of Ethics.

Within 30 days of the effective date of this chapter, the Attorney for the Town shall cause a copy of this Code of Ethics to be distributed to every officer and employee required to file a conflict disclosure statement, and shall further cause a copy of this chapter to be posted in all Town-owned or leased buildings. Thereafter, each new officer and employee shall be furnished a copy of this chapter within 60 days of being elected, appointed, or hired by the Town. Failure to distribute, post or receive a copy of this chapter shall have no effect on the duty, compliance or the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.

§ 9-6 Distribution, filing and maintenance of conflict disclosure statement.

A. 
All officers and employees holding the positions set forth below shall be responsible to complete and file a conflict disclosure statement in substantially the form set forth herein and in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. On or before March 15 of each year, the Attorney for the Town shall cause to be distributed to those persons holding the positions set forth below said conflict disclosure statement.
(1) 
Supervisor's office:
(a) 
Supervisor.
(b) 
Deputy Supervisor.
(c) 
Supervisor's Secretary.
(d) 
Supervisor's Confidential Secretary.
(2) 
Members of the Town Board.
(3) 
Town Clerk's Office:
(a) 
Town Clerk.
(b) 
Deputy Town Clerks.
(4) 
Highway Department:
(a) 
Superintendent.
(b) 
Deputies.
(5) 
Receiver of Taxes:
(a) 
Receiver.
(b) 
Deputies.
(6) 
Law Department:
(a) 
Attorney for Town.
(b) 
Deputy Attorney for the Town.
(c) 
Planning Board Attorney.
(7) 
Assessing Department:
(a) 
Assessor.
(8) 
Building Department:
(a) 
Building Inspector.
(b) 
Deputy Building Inspectors.
(9) 
Courts:
(a) 
Town Justices.
(b) 
Clerks to the Justices.
(10) 
Engineering:
(a) 
Town Engineer.
(b) 
Planning Board Engineer.
(11) 
Historian:
(a) 
Town Historian.
(12) 
Recreation Department:
(a) 
Recreation Director.
(13) 
Zoning Department:
(a) 
Zoning Administrator.
(b) 
Deputy Zoning Administrator.
(c) 
Stormwater Management Officer.
(14) 
Inspector.
(a) 
Fire Inspector.
(b) 
Deputy Fire Inspector.
B. 
Each of the members of the following boards and commissions shall be responsible to complete and file a conflict disclosure statement within 30 days of' their initial appointment, and annually thereafter. The disclosure statement shall be substantially the form set forth herein and in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. On or before March 15 of each year, the Attorney for the Town shall distribute such disclosure statement forms to the members of the specified boards or commissions, which shall be filed by May 15 of each year:
(1) 
Board of Assessment Review.
(2) 
Conservation Advisory Council.
(3) 
Board of Ethics.
(4) 
Planning Board.
(5) 
Fire Prevention Advisory Board.
(6) 
Zoning Board of Appeals.
C. 
Disclosure statements filed pursuant to this Code of Ethics shall be sealed, indexed, and maintained on file for five years in an appropriate manner by the Board of Ethics. Such disclosure statements shall be available for public inspection in accordance with the New York State Freedom of Information Law. Such disclosure statements shall be destroyed upon the expiration of this five-year term.

§ 9-7 Conflict disclosure statement.

The annual conflict disclosure statement should be in substantially the same form as set forth below.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Said disclosure statement is included at the end of this chapter.

§ 9-8 Annual statement of conflict disclosure; filing; variances and extensions.

A. 
Any such person required to file an annual statement of conflict disclosure pursuant to this chapter shall file such completed statement on or before May 15 of each year for the preceding calendar year directly with the appropriate body.
B. 
Any person required to file such statement, who is employed after May 15 of any year, shall file such statement within 30 days of such employment.
C. 
Any person who is subject to the reporting requirements of this chapter, and who timely files with the Internal Revenue Service an application for an extension of time in which to file his or her individual income tax return for the immediately preceding calendar or fiscal year, shall be required to submit such conflict disclosure statement on or before the 15th day after the expiration of the period of such extension of time within which to file such individual income tax form.
D. 
Any person who is required to file an annual conflict disclosure statement, and who is granted an additional period of time within which to file such statement due to justifiable cause or undue hardship in accordance with the rules and regulations on the subject adopted by the appropriate body, shall file such statement within the additional period of time granted.
E. 
Each official or employee required to file a conflict disclosure statement shall be provided with a time-dated receipt of such filing.
F. 
Any person who is required to file an annual disclosure statement, and who fails to file on or before May 15 of any year, shall be notified by certified mail by the appropriate body and shall file such statement within 15 days of such notification, subject to the penalty provided for in § 9-9A below.
G. 
Any person required to file a disclosure statement may request an exemption from any requirement to report one or more items of information which pertain to such person's spouse or relatives, which item or items which would otherwise be required to be reported, will have no material bearing on the discharge of the reporting individual's official duties.

§ 9-9 Penalties for offenses.

A. 
Any officer or employee who is required to complete and file an annual disclosure statement, and has failed to file within 15 additional days after having been given at least one reminder in writing, may be assessed a civil penalty not to exceed $100 for the first such failure, and not to exceed $150 for a second such failure, and not to exceed $250 for any failure to file thereafter. In assessing any penalty, the Board of Ethics shall consider any mitigating circumstances offered by the offending party. In addition to these penalties, a persistent violator shall be subject to a fine not to exceed $500. A "persistent violator" is one who fails to file the annual statement of conflict disclosure for three years.
B. 
Any officer or employee who knowingly and willfully, with intent to deceive, makes a false statement, or gives information on such statement, which such individual knows to be false, shall be assessed a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $2,500.
C. 
Any officer or employee who knowingly and willfully violates any other provisions of the Town Ethics Law, or of Article 18 of the General Municipal Law, or any other law establishing rules of conduct for public officers and employees, may be assessed a civil penalty not to exceed $2,500 and may be subject to disciplinary action by the appropriate body.

§ 9-10 Board of Ethics.

A. 
Composition.
(1) 
The Town of Pleasant Valley Board of Ethics, heretofore created by Local Law No. 4-2001, is terminated effective upon adoption of this chapter.
(2) 
Pursuant to Article 18 of the New York General Municipal Law, there is hereby established the Town of Pleasant Valley Board of Ethics.
(3) 
There is hereby created, pursuant to the provisions of § 808 of the General Municipal Law of the State of New York, a Board of Ethics, consisting of five members, appointed by the Town Board.
(4) 
Members and conduct.
(a) 
All members shall reside in the Town.
(b) 
At least one member shall be a municipal officer or employee.
(c) 
All members shall serve without compensation.
(d) 
Of the initial appointed members, one shall be appointed for a term of one year, one for a term of two years, one for a term of three years, one for a term of four years and one for a term of five years.
(e) 
Following the conclusion of the initial term, all members shall be appointed for the term of five years.
(f) 
No member shall be an officer or committee member of a political party.
(g) 
The Attorney for the Town shall serve as legal counsel to the Board.
(h) 
The Board shall meet at a minimum, at least once a calendar year, and at any other time or times deemed necessary by the Chairman of the Board or upon the request of a majority of its members.
(i) 
The Board of Ethics shall appoint a Chairman from among its members for a term of one year to expire on December 31 of each calendar year.
(j) 
Three members of the Board shall constitute a quorum.
(5) 
The Town Board may appropriate monies for the maintenance and personal services connected with the Board of Ethics.
(6) 
The members of the Board of Ethics shall receive no compensation for their services on such Board.
B. 
Powers; duties; functions.
(1) 
The Board of Ethics shall have the powers, duties and functions provided by Article 18 of the General Municipal Law.
(2) 
The Board of Ethics shall be the repository for completed conflict disclosure statements and such other written instruments, affidavits, and disclosures as required by law. The Board shall inspect all conflict disclosure statements to ascertain whether a person required to file a statement has failed to do so.
(3) 
The Board of Ethics shall render advisory opinions in writing to officers and employees of the Town of Pleasant Valley, upon written request of the officer or employee, with regard to his or her own affairs. Such advisory opinions shall be with respect to Article 18 of the General Municipal Law and any Code of Ethics adopted pursuant thereto. The Town Board of Ethics may, at its option, refer matters to the Dutchess County Board of Ethics.
(4) 
The Supervisor, members of the Town Board and Town Clerk may request an advisory opinion with regard to the affairs of any Town officer or employee. Such opinions shall be rendered, if practicable, within 30 days of the written request. The thirty-day time period may be extended an additional 30 days at the Board's discretion. Thereafter, if deemed necessary by the Board, the time period may be extended by an additional 90 days upon notification to the Town Board that a particular matter is under investigation and an additional extension is required. In any event, the Board shall render its opinion no later than 150 days from the date of receipt of the written request.
(5) 
Unless specifically requested by the individual charged with a violation, or the party requesting an advisory opinion, said opinions shall not be made public or disclosed unless required by the Freedom of Information Law, pursuant to judicial subpoena, or required in a disciplinary proceeding involving an officer or employee.
(6) 
The Board of Ethics may make recommendations with respect to the drafting and adoption of a Code of Ethics or amendments thereto, upon the request of the Town Board of the Town of Pleasant Valley.
C. 
Complaints, hearings and assessment of penalties.
(1) 
All complaints alleging a violation of the Town of Pleasant Valley Code of Ethics must be in writing and include the signed name and address of the complainant.
(2) 
Upon receipt of a complaint, the Board of Ethics shall make a determination as to whether, on its face, the complaint alleges a violation of the Code of Ethics. If a determination is made that a violation of the Code of Ethics is not alleged by the complainant, the Board shall notify the complainant of its determination, in writing.
(3) 
If a determination is made that a violation of the Code of Ethics is alleged by the complainant, the Board shall notify in writing the person against whom the complaint is made, the nature of the complaint, and the provision of the Code allegedly violated.
(4) 
The officer or employee charged with a violation shall have 15 days from receipt of notice of alleged violation to respond in writing to the Board's notice of alleged violation. The fifteen-day time period may be extended an additional 15 days at the Board's discretion. The response shall either admit the violation or state facts supporting a denial of the charge.
(5) 
If the charge is denied, the Board shall either dismiss the charge, if the facts presented so warrant, or conduct a hearing.
(6) 
A fact hearing shall consist of sworn testimony, affidavit, or such document evidence as the Board allows. The person charged shall be allowed to be represented by legal counsel and allowed to present evidence and to confront evidence presented against him or her. Strict rules of evidence under the laws of New York State shall not apply to the hearing. The Board may direct that a hearing be recorded and transcribed.
(7) 
After the hearing is conducted, the Board shall issue its decision in writing, indicating the reason therefor. Such decision shall be rendered, if practicable, within the time limits set forth for opinions as contained in § 9-10B(4) above. No determination may be based solely on hearsay evidence.
(8) 
Upon the Board's determination that a violation of the Code of Ethics has occurred, and pursuant to § 9-9 of this Code of Ethics, the Board of Ethics may assess a penalty.
(a) 
Any determination resulting in a fine or disciplinary action by the Board of Ethics shall be subject to review by a special proceeding in New York State Supreme Court. Such a proceeding must be commenced within 30 days of receipt of notice of a determination. The Supreme Court, in its review, may make its own finding of fact based upon the record before it.
(b) 
In instances where the Board of Ethics levies a fine in excess of $1,000, the aggrieved party may seek review by the Town Board, solely on the issue of excessive fine. The request for Town Board review shall be in writing and filed with the Town Clerk and the Board of Ethics within 10 days of receipt of notice of said determination. Upon receipt of such request, the Town Clerk shall refer the matter to the Town Board. In conducting its review, the Town Board shall be restricted to only materials or testimony presented to the Board of Ethics. The Town Board shall have 90 days from the date the Town Clerk receives the notice within which to act on the request. The failure by the Town Board to take action within the 90 days shall be deemed an affirmance of the determination of the Board of Ethics.
(c) 
The time within which to commence a special proceeding in the Supreme Court shall be tolled pending action by the Town Board upon adoption of the resolution as provided by Town Law.

§ 9-11 Legislative authority; impact on state law.

The provisions of this chapter are enacted pursuant to the authority granted by Article 18 of the General Municipal Law. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Town of Pleasant Valley hereby elects to remove itself from the ambit of all of the provisions of § 812 of the General Municipal Law.