Township of Falls, PA
Bucks County

§ 209-34 Accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s).

A. 
Accessory building(s), structure(s), and/or use(s) as part of principal buildings. Any accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) attached to a principal building shall be considered part of the principal building, and the total structure shall adhere to the yard requirements for the principal building regardless of the technique of connecting the principal and accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s).
B. 
Accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) not to be constructed prior to principal buildings. No building permit shall be issued for the construction of an accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) prior to the issuance of a building permit for the construction of the main building upon the same premises. If construction of the main building does not precede or coincide with the construction of the accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s), the Code Enforcement Officer shall revoke the building permit for the accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) until construction of the main building has proceeded substantially toward completion.
C. 
Distance between adjacent buildings. The minimum distance between an accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) and any other building(s) on the same lot shall be as prescribed in Article IV.
D. 
Height and area of accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s). The height and area of accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) shall be as prescribed in Article IV.
E. 
Location. An accessory building(s), structure(s) and/or use(s) may be erected in side and rear yard areas only and shall be set back from side and rear lot lines as prescribed in Article IV, except that if erected on a corner lot, the accessory building(s) structure(s) and/or use(s) shall be set back from the side street to comply with the setback line applying to a principal building for that side street.
F. 
Tractor-trailers, cargo boxes or other vehicles or structures meant to be transportable shall not be permitted to be used as accessory buildings or structures for storage or for any other purpose in any residential zoning district. In commercial zoning districts, tractor-trailers, cargo boxes or other vehicles or structures meant to be transportable shall be permitted as an accessory building(s) or structure(s) for storage or for any other purpose and shall be located in the rear of the principal building only. Where a commercial zoning district abuts a residential zoning district, any such tractor-trailers, cargo boxes and other vehicles or structures meant to be transportable must be screened from the abutting residential district by means of a planted buffer and/or screening fence that cannot be seen through and that provides a visual screen for the abutting properties.

§ 209-34.1 Outside storage and display.

Where outside storage and display is permitted in any zoning district, it shall be an accessory use that is necessary and incidental to the principal use on the property. No outside storage or display shall be permitted or established unless a principal use and all necessary improvements, structures and buildings for the principal use have been approved and constructed.

§ 209-35 Attached dwellings.

Within any district allowing attached dwellings, construction containing attached dwellings shall not take place unless the following minimum standards are met, in addition to the requirements specified for the HR, HR-TH and AQ Districts, and until the site plan has been reviewed by the Planning Commission and approved by the Board of Supervisors.
A. 
Each dwelling unit and complex of dwelling units shall have a compatible architectural theme with variations in design to provide attractiveness to the development, including consideration of landscaping techniques, building orientation to the site and other structures, topography, natural features, individual features and individual dwelling unit design.
B. 
Prior to submission to the Supervisors, a certification by the appropriate utility(ies) shall be required confirming the adequacy and availability of public water and sanitary sewer facilities to service the proposed development. Prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy, all dwelling units shall be connected to public water and sanitary sewer facilities, approved and functioning in compliance with Falls Township's controlling ordinances and with the rules and regulations of the appropriate utility(ies).
C. 
All parking facilities shall be on the same site as the building and located within 150 feet of the nearest entrance of the building they are intended to serve, as measured along driveways and walkways. Parking spaces shall be provided in areas designed specifically for parking.
D. 
An attached dwelling building may consist of any configuration that meets the prescribed area and yard requirements and does not exceed the following overall or component building lengths:
(1) 
Two hundred feet on one plane.
(2) 
Three hundred forty feet on any angle.
(3) 
Five hundred feet along the center line.
E. 
No portion of any attached dwelling unit shall be a basement.
F. 
In addition to any storage area contained inside individual attached dwelling units, there shall be provided in the case of apartments 160 cubic feet of inside storage area for each dwelling unit where personal belongings and effects may be stored without constituting a fire hazard and where the said belongings and effects maybe be kept locked and separated from the belongings of other occupants. In addition to the above, apartments shall further provide a minimum common inside storage area for each building of 80 cubic feet per dwelling unit, located convenient to the outside ground level, for bicycles, perambulators and similar types of equipment.
G. 
Sufficient area and equipment shall be made available within each building for the laundering and artificial drying of laundry of occupants of each building.
H. 
Each building or group of buildings shall contain a television antenna system adequate to serve all dwelling units within the building or buildings. In lieu of a television antenna, the building may be connected to a television cable if available.
I. 
All streets (both internal and external), including grading and paving, driveways, parking areas, sidewalks, curbs, gutters, street and site lighting, shade trees, hydrants, street signs, water systems, culverts, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, pumping stations, drainage structures and such other improvements as may be found to be necessary in the public interest (including recreation facilities), shall be installed at the expense of the developer and shall be completed to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors before a certificate of occupancy may be issued. In lieu of total completion of the above, an adequate performance bond properly guaranteeing the completion and conforming to the Falls Township subdivision and land development regulations[1] may be accepted. Such bond value will be set at the time of posting, and such bond will be held by the Supervisors after approval by the Township Solicitor as to form, surety and disbursement of said bond.
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 191, Subdivision and Land Development.
J. 
The apartment owner shall appoint a representative who shall reside or maintain an office within the Township and shall be empowered by the owner to take all necessary actions to assure that all provisions of this chapter are met at all times. The owner shall provide at least one representative who shall reside on the premises.
K. 
Prior to the conversion of any building into condominium units or the erection of new condominium units, fire walls must be installed in conformance with the specifications contained in Section 907 of the Uniform Construction Code, as adopted by the Township of Falls, as amended.

§ 209-36 Existing permits and approvals.

Nothing in this chapter shall require any change in the plans, construction, size or designated use of any building, structure or part thereof for which any building permit has been granted before the enactment of this chapter, provided that construction from such plans shall have been started within 60 days after enactment of this chapter and shall be continually and diligently pursued to completion; otherwise said permit shall be void.

§ 209-37 Fences, walls and sight triangles.

A. 
In all nonindustrial areas, no fence shall be erected of barbed wire, topped with metal spikes, electrified or constructed of any material or in any manner which may be dangerous to persons or animals.
B. 
No fences or walls may be constructed in the clear sight triangle at street intersections or any portion of the street right-of-way or in a public easement. On a corner lot in any district, sight triangles shall be provided as required in the Falls Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance[1] in which no grading, planting or structure shall be erected or maintained more than two feet above the elevation of the center line of the street. In this section, "grading" shall mean that no portion of the ground surface shall be altered so that it will be greater than two feet above the elevation of the center line of the street.
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 191, Subdivision and Land Development.
C. 
On any lot in residential districts and on residential properties, no wall, fence or hedgerow may be erected or altered that will be over six feet in height, except for evergreen plantings only along the rear yard of reverse frontage lots which may exceed six feet. On any lot in nonresidential districts, no wall, fence or hedgerow may be erected or altered that will be over eight feet in height. No fence, wall or hedgerow used as a barrier along or near the property boundary shall be located in the front yard except as follows:
(1) 
Off-street parking, loading and driveway areas shall meet the requirements specified in § 209-42 herein.
(2) 
On reverse frontage lots, where there is a street to the front and the rear of the property, a fence, wall or hedgerow which otherwise meets the requirement of this section may be erected in the rear yard.
(3) 
On a corner lot with frontage along two streets to the front and the side of the property, a fence that is not a visual barrier, i.e., an open chain link fence or split rail fence, may be constructed in the secondary front yard (or side yard). This fence may not be constructed in the clear sight triangle as defined in the Falls Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance. The fence in the secondary front yard shall not be altered or erected to be over four feet in height. A wall, hedgerow or solid fence may not be constructed in the secondary front yard.

§ 209-38 Grading; clean fill.

A. 
All lots being filled shall be filled with clean fill and/or topsoil to allow complete surface draining of the lot into local storm sewer systems or natural drainage rights-of-way. No construction shall be permitted which creates or aggravates water stagnation or a drainage problem on another property or on a street right-of-way.
B. 
The term "clean fill," as used above in Subsection A, shall be construed consistently with the definition of that term as set forth at 25 Pa.Code § 287.101, which defines "clean fill" as "uncontaminated, non-water-soluble, inert solid material used to level an area or bring the area to grade," subject to permit exemptions set forth for certain specified materials at 25 Pa.Code § 287.101(b)(6).

§ 209-38.1 Buffers.

Buffer areas are required along lot and street lines of all tracts, other than those of lots and subdivision tracts designed for single-family detached dwellings, where said property lines or the center line of adjacent streets abut residential uses or residential district lines. Each permitted use shall provide and maintain attractively landscaped grounds and suitable screening in order to safeguard the character of adjacent districts. Buffer areas shall be measured horizontally and be either perpendicular to straight lot and street lines or radial to curved lot and street lines. Buffer areas shall be maintained and kept clear of all debris, rubbish, weeds and tall grass. No structure, activity, storage of materials or parking of vehicles shall be permitted in the buffer area, and all buffer areas shall be maintained with grass or ground cover and screened with clustered plantings of trees, shrubs or other plant materials meeting the following requirements:
A. 
Plant materials used in screen planting shall be at least six feet in height when planted. The plant materials shall be of a species common to the area, be of nursery stock and shall be free of insects and disease.
B. 
Buffer areas shall be permanently maintained, and plant material which does not live shall be replaced within one year or one growing season.
C. 
The screen planting shall be so designed that at maturity, the plant material will be no closer than three feet from any street or property line and shall not interfere with sight distance requirements.
D. 
The buffer area shall not be broken except for access areas specifically approved by the Board of Supervisors, and driveways shall be permitted only to cross buffer yards, not to lie within buffer yards.
E. 
Buffer screen planting along street lines may be waived at the discretion of the Board of Supervisors.
F. 
Minimum width of buffer yards.
(1) 
Industrial uses or districts against all other uses or districts: 50 feet.
(2) 
Commercial and office uses or districts against all other uses or districts: 20 feet.
(3) 
Multifamily residential developments or mobile home parks against all other districts or uses: 20 feet.
G. 
Screening of dumpsters. All dumpsters and trash storage areas shall be screened by use of plants or fences so that they are not visible from the street or from neighboring properties.
H. 
Buffer yards required along Delaware Canal. Properties abutting the Delaware Canal shall maintain a buffer yard which shall be 25 feet in width from the edge of the canal, measured perpendicular to the canal, in which no buildings, accessory buildings, structures or fences over four feet in height shall be permitted. Canal buffer yards need not be planted with screen plantings but shall remain open and unobstructed.

§ 209-39 Impact studies.

A. 
Studies to determine the impact of development shall be submitted where any application for a change in zoning is required for approval.
B. 
A "change of zoning" and/or "curative amendments" generally means a deviation from the previously planned growth pattern of the Township. Such changes invariably have an impact on the community, on the environment or on taxes. A detailed statement of these impacts is therefore to be submitted pursuant to this article. Such statement shall contain the following:
(1) 
Environmental impact, including any anticipated or proposed change in existing environment standards, as well as the predicted impact on wildlife habitats, scenic areas, and the general amenity for the community.
(2) 
Transportation impact. Analysis of existing road capacities adjacent to the site and from the site to bounds of the Township. All hazardous or congested areas, existing or to be created, shall be identified. Recommended improvements and their costs shall be listed.
(3) 
Services impact. Define demand for public services, sewer, water, police, and schools. All capacities of existing facilities shall be identified and compared with demands that would be generated if the proposal were implemented.

§ 209-40 Lighting.

All parking areas and walkways thereto and appurtenant passageways and driveways serving commercial, public, institutional, office, industrial, apartment or other similar uses having common off-street parking and/or loading areas shall be illuminated adequately from 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise. The lighting plan in and around the parking areas shall conform to the requirements in the Falls Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 191, Subdivision and Land Development.

§ 209-41 Nonconforming uses, structures, signs or lots.

Except as otherwise provided in this article, the lawful use of land, buildings, signs or structures existing at the date of the adoption of this chapter may be continued although such use does not conform to the regulations specified by this chapter for the zone in which such land, buildings structures are located. However, no building, structure or use shall be enlarged, extended, constructed, reconstructed, substituted, relocated, erected, converted to another use or structurally altered in excess of more than 50% of the area occupied by such building except in conformity with the regulations of this chapter for the district in which such buildings, structures or uses are located. This expansion of buildings or structures will be permitted only if the nonconforming use has not been previously expanded up to 50% after it became a nonconforming use, and if previously expanded less than 50% after it became a nonconforming use, it may be expanded to a total of 50% of the original nonconforming building, structure or use. Nonconforming signs and billboards shall be altered as necessary to conform to all requirements of this chapter in accordance with the Amortization Schedule, Table 6 of this chapter,[1] except that nonconforming political, portable and real estate signs shall be removed within 90 days of adoption of this chapter, and any sign determined to be dilapidated by the Zoning Officer shall be removed within 90 days of such determination. Land on which a nonconforming use or structure is located shall not be reduced is size, nor shall any lot already nonconforming be made more nonconforming, and no nonconforming use shall be extended to displace a conforming use.
A. 
Abandonment or discontinuance. Any nonconforming use not in operation or unoccupied for a period of 12 consecutive months shall not be allowed to continue where there has not been a persistent effort to continue the use during that time period.
B. 
Conversion to permitted use. Any nonconforming structure or use which has been changed to a conforming structure or use shall not be changed back again into a nonconforming structure or use.
C. 
Restoration. Any nonconforming structure or use which has been condemned or destroyed by fire, explosion, flood, windstorm or other act of God shall be examined by the Township Code Enforcement Officer. If, in the opinion of the Township Code Enforcement Officer, the damage is greater than 75% of the structure, the Board of Supervisors may order the structure completely destroyed, with the exception that a new building may be erected no larger than the previous foundation would permit. In the event of a damaged or condemned structure where the damage or value of restoration is less than 75% in the opinion of the Board of Supervisors, the nonconforming structure or use may be rebuilt and used for the same nonconforming use, provided that it does not exceed the height, area and volume of the original structure and the reconstruction shall commence within one year from the date the building was damaged or condemned and shall be carried on without interruption. The total value of the structure shall be used on the current cost of replacing the remaining usable elements of the structure. The cost of replacing the portion that was damaged or requires rebuilding shall be computed as a percentage of the current value of the structure as outlined above.
D. 
Repairs and maintenance. Such repairs and maintenance work as required to keep a structure in sound condition may be made to a nonconforming structure or a structure containing a nonconforming use.
E. 
Sale. Any nonconforming use, structure or lot may change ownership and continue to function as the same nonconforming use, structure or lot, provided that the other provisions of this section are met.
F. 
Registration of nonconforming uses. The Zoning Officer may provide, upon direction to do so by the Board of Supervisors, for the registration of all uses and structures which are nonconforming under the terms of this chapter. The record of nonconforming uses and structures shall certify, after inspection, the extent and kind of use and disposition of the buildings and land. Upon notification, each occupant or owner of a premises used for a nonconforming use or containing a nonconforming structure shall make available such information as may be necessary to determine the extent and nature of the nonconforming use or structure.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Table 6 is on file in the Township offices.

§ 209-42 Off-street parking and loading; driveways.

A. 
Driveways. All single-family detached dwelling units shall provide one paved driveway constructed in accordance with the requirements of the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance, connected to an adjacent street. Where a single-family detached dwelling unit is located on a lot having access to more than one street, driveway access shall be on the street having the lowest road designation. Nothing shall prohibit driveways for dwelling units from being considered one or two off-street parking spaces, except that no parking will be permitted on the curbline, the sidewalk area or the planting strip between the curbline and sidewalk area.
B. 
Landscaping.
(1) 
Except for detached dwelling units, a clustered planting of dense plant material not less than four feet in height shall be provided and maintained between the off-street parking areas and any lot line or street line, except where a building intervenes or where the distance between such area and the lot line or the street line is greater than 150 feet.
(2) 
All loading areas which are visible to residential or commercial districts or uses shall be landscaped and screened with clustered plantings with dense plant material between the area of the parked vehicles or loading platforms and any public street or adjacent residential districts or uses. Such screening shall be by a fence, wall, planting or combination of all three, shall not be less than six feet in height and shall be permanently maintained.
(3) 
Each off-street parking area shall have a minimum of the equivalent of one parking space for every 30 parking spaces landscaped with ground cover, trees or shrubs. Such spaces shall be distributed throughout the parking area in order to break the view of long rows of parked cars in a manner not impairing visibility.
C. 
Lighting. Lighting used to illuminate off-street parking areas shall be arranged to reflect the light away from residential premises and streets and be in accordance with § 209-40. All parking facilities providing 10 or more parking spaces shall be lighted.
D. 
Surfacing and curbing. All parking and loading areas and access drives shall be paved and designed, constructed and maintained to conform to applicable requirements in the Falls Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 191, Subdivision and Land Development.
E. 
Access. Access points from any one lot, crossing the street line, shall be limited to a maximum of two along the frontage of any single street. The center lines of any separate access points shall be spaced at least 65 feet apart, and such access points shall handle no more than four lanes of traffic. Continuous open driveways in excess of 30 feet at the street line shall be prohibited, except that for nonresidential uses, this dimension shall be measured at the straight portion of the driveway prior to the radii rather than the street line. Curbing shall be depressed at the driveway connected with the street in the same manner as another street.
F. 
Location of parking and loading.
(1) 
Required off-street parking and loading spaces shall be located on the same lot or premises as the use served, regardless of the number of spaces, except that:
(a) 
Grouped parking may be permitted as follows:
[1] 
To service more than one lot in Planned Industrial Park Districts, provided that no parking space shall be located more than 500 feet from the nearest employees' entrance and any building served by the spaces and that no street designated as a collector road, arterial road or expressway is located between the parking area and any building served by the parking area.
[2] 
In HC Districts, as provided under § 209-23, provided that no space required for each use is located more than 500 feet from the nearest public entrance of the use and that no public street is located between the parking and any building served by the parking area.
(b) 
No parking of vehicles shall be permitted in fire lanes, drive aisles, sidewalks, buffer areas or turning areas or in front of driveways.
(2) 
The parking of commercial vehicles, trucks or buses whose registered gross weight is equal to or greater than 14,000 pounds is prohibited in residential districts at all times. The overnight parking of school buses in residential districts is prohibited.
G. 
Type of facility. Parking spaces may be on, above or below the surface of the ground. When parking spaces are provided within a garage or other structure, said structure shall adhere to the proper accessory or principal building setbacks, as applicable. The provision of parking spaces shall also include adequate driveway and necessary turning areas for handling the vehicles for which provision is made. Parking areas shall be designated to permit each motor vehicle to proceed to and from the parking space provided for it without requiring the moving of any other motor vehicle, except for single-family dwellings. Driveways providing access to parking spaces shall have the following minimum dimensions: (Where the angle of parking is not the same on both sides of the driveway, the larger driveway width shall prevail.)
Angle of Parking Space (degrees) One-Way Driveway (feet) Two-Way Driveway (feet)
90o 22 25
60o 18 20
45o 16 20
30 o 12 18
Parallel 12 18
H. 
Minimum off-street parking.
(1) 
Single-family detached houses and manufactured homes: two spaces.
(2) 
Attached dwellings. No space shall be located within 25 feet of a lot line or ultimate right-of-way line or within 20 feet of any building. This area shall be planted in lawn, ground cover and trees and evergreen shrubs.
(a) 
For each efficiency and one-bedroom unit specifically designated and approved for elderly and handicapped, there shall be provided one space.
(b) 
For each efficiency and one-bedroom unit other than specifically designated and approved for elderly and handicapped, there shall be provided 1.75 spaces.
(c) 
For each two-bedroom unit or larger, there shall be provided two spaces.
(d) 
For each recreation area, there shall be provided one space per tennis court, one space per 300 square feet of swimming pool and one space per 400 square feet of recreation building.
(e) 
In each development, there shall be provided for guests one space for each 10 dwelling units or fraction thereof.
(f) 
Use of automobile parking spaces for travel trailers and campers on the site is prohibited.
(3) 
Home occupations shall provide a minimum of one space per 100 square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof devoted to the home occupation. In addition to the spaces otherwise required, home occupations shall provide a minimum of one space for each employee, but in any event sufficient parking shall be provided so that no employees or visitors shall be required to park in any public road or highway.
(4) 
Churches and similar places for religious worship shall provide one space for every five permanent seats. (One seat shall be considered 22 inches in calculating the capacity of pews or benches.) Where fixed seats are not provided, one space shall be provided for every 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus one space for each employee on the premises at any given time.
(5) 
Educational uses shall provide one space per employee for grades kindergarten through 10th grades, and 2 1/2 spaces per employee for grades 11, 12 or higher, in addition to space required for school bus loading, unloading and storage.
(6) 
Commercial recreation shall provide sufficient spaces and maneuvering area to prevent any parking along public rights-of-way or on private driveways, fire lanes and aisles.
(7) 
Convalescent homes and hospitals shall provide 1 1/2 spaces for each patient bed, not including cribs and bassinets.
(8) 
Clubs and lodges and public entertainment facilities, auditoriums and similar uses: one space per three seats, plus one space for each employee on the premises. Where fixed seats are not provided, there shall be provided one space for every 300 feet of floor area, intended to be used by patrons, guests, members, clients or customers, plus one space per employee on the premises at any one time.
(9) 
General offices, banks and savings institutions: six spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof.
(a) 
For banks with a drive-in window, lane stacking for at least five vehicles will be provided off any public thoroughfare.
(b) 
For corporate centers, office parks and commercial parks having a total building floor area in excess of 300,000 square feet, three spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area are required.
(10) 
Retail sales of goods and services: 5 1/2 spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof.
(11) 
Shopping centers: 5 1/2 spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area.
(12) 
Restaurants: one space for every three seats for patron use.
(13) 
Commercial theaters: one space for every two seats.
(14) 
Hotels and motels: one space per bedroom and three additional spaces for each 50 bedrooms or fraction thereof.
(15) 
Service stations and repair garages shall provide at least six spaces for the first lift, wheel alignment pit or work area and five additional spaces for a second work area and an additional three spaces for each additional work area. Such spaces shall be separated from the driveway and general apron areas which give access to gasoline and air pumps and service areas. No designated parking spaces shall obstruct such access to such facilities.
(16) 
Garden centers: six spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area or fraction thereof in buildings or 15 parking spaces, whichever is greater.
(17) 
Bowling alleys: four spaces per bowling lane.
(18) 
Automobile sales: 10 spaces for customer convenience, separated from vehicular display not used by customers. There shall further be one parking space per employee on the premises.
(19) 
Car washes: three access lanes for each mechanized car wash entrance, with each lane having a minimum capacity for 12 vehicles, and one separate space for each waxing, upholstery cleaning or similar specialized service area and one space for every two employees. All vehicle entrances shall be from the rear of the building. All parked and waiting vehicles shall be accommodated on the lot.
(20) 
Industrial. Parking is prohibited on the streets on which the parcel abuts. The occupant of the parcel shall provide parking areas in accordance with the following standards:
(a) 
Parking areas shall be paved with a dust-free all-weather surface.
(b) 
The occupant of the parcel shall determine the size of the parking area by the use, at its election, of one of the following methods:
[1] 
Number of personnel: one space for each one plant employee on the major shift, one space for each managerial personnel, one visitor space for each 10 managerial personnel and one additional parking space for each business-related vehicle located on the premises.
[2] 
Amount of building floor area: one space for each 500 square feet of manufacturing area, plus one space for each 400 square feet of office area.
I. 
Minimum off-street loading. All properties shall provide for loading and unloading of materials in locations which are removed from streets and highways.
J. 
Reduction of nonresidential parking requirements. In order to prevent the establishment of a greater number of parking spaces than is actually required to serve the needs of nonresidential uses, the Board of Supervisors, after consulting with the Planning Commission and Township Engineer, may permit a conditional reduction of parking space if the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) 
The design of the parking lot, as indicated on the land development plan, must designate sufficient space to meet the parking requirements of this chapter. The plan shall also illustrate the layout for the total number of parking spaces.
(2) 
The conditional reduction shall provide for the establishment of no less than 80% of the required number of parking spaces as specified in this chapter. This initial phase of the parking provision shall be clearly indicated on the plan.
(3) 
The balance of the parking area conditionally reserved shall not include areas for required buffer yards, setbacks or areas which would otherwise be unsuitable for parking spaces due to the physical characteristics of the land or other requirements of this chapter. This parking area which is reserved shall be located and have characteristics so as to provide amendable open space should it be determined the additional parking spaces are not required. The developer shall provide a landscaping plan for the reserved area with the land development plan.
(4) 
The developer shall enter into a written agreement with the Board of Supervisors that, after one year following the issuing of the last occupancy permit, the additional parking spaces shall be provided at the developer's or owner's expense should it be determined the required number of parking spaces is necessary to satisfy the need of the particular land development.
(5) 
With recommendations of a traffic engineer, the Township Engineer and the Planning Commission, the Board of Supervisors shall determine if the additional spaces shall be provided by the developer or if the area shall remain as open space. Any cost for the above shall be borne by the developer.
(6) 
Land which has been determined and designated by the Board of Supervisors to remain as open space rather than as required parking shall be so designated on the land development plan and shall not be used to provide parking spaces for any addition or expansion but shall remain as open space.

§ 209-43 Performance standards.

An application for a permit shall provide documentation that the intended use will comply with the performance standards enumerated below. In the case of a structure being built where the future use is not known, a building permit may be issued with the condition that no certificate of occupancy will be issued until such time as the documentation is submitted with respect to the particular occupant. A new application and a new certificate of occupancy shall be required in the event of a change of any use of any structure, and in the event any use fails to meet the performance standards after the certificate of occupancy is issued, the Zoning Officer may, after proper notice, revoke the certificate and the use shall terminate.
A. 
Dust. No use shall generate total suspended particles or other air pollutant in excess of any Pennsylvania or federal standards. No use shall generate more than five milligrams per cubic meter of total suspended particles (particulate) measured at the property line.
B. 
Fumes and gases. No use shall generate fumes and gases or other air pollutant in excess of any Pennsylvania or federal standards.
C. 
Electricity. Electric or electronic equipment shall be shielded in accordance with FCC standards so there is no interference with any properly operating radio or television receiver at the lot line or beyond the operator's dwelling unit in the case of multifamily dwellings as the result of the operation of such equipment.
D. 
Glare. No use shall produce a light intensity greater than one footcandle measured at the property line.
E. 
Heat. No use shall produce heat perceptible beyond its lot lines. Further, no use shall be permitted which would cause the temperature to rise or fall in any part of ponds, streams or other watercourses at the property line.
F. 
Noise.
(1) 
Other than the operation of motor vehicles or other transportation facilities, operations involved in the construction or demolition of structures, emergency alarm signals, or time signals, the sound level of any operation shall not exceed the decibel levels as stated below.
(2) 
Sound-pressure levels shall be measured at the property line upon which the emission occurs. The maximum permissible sound-pressure levels for smooth and continuous noise shall be as follows: (All of the decibel levels stated below shall apply in each case.)
Center Frequency Cycles Per Second Maximum Permitted Sound Pressure Level (decibels)
31.5 65
63 63
125 62
250 57
500 51
1,000 46
2,000 37
4,000 26
8,000 17
(3) 
If the noise is not smooth and continuous or is radiated between 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m., one or more of the corrections below shall be added to or subtracted from each of the decibel levels given above.
Type of Operation or Character Of Noise Corrections in Decibels
Noise occurs between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. -3
Noise occurs less than 5% of any one-hour period +5
Noise is of a periodic character or is of an impulsive character (In the case of impulsive noise, the correction shall apply only to the average pressure during an impulse, and impulse peaks shall not exceed the basic standards given above.) -5
G. 
Vibration. Any use or portion thereof creating earth-shaking vibration shall be set back a minimum of 300 feet from the property line. All such operations shall be controlled so as to prevent transmission beyond the lot lines of earth-shaking vibrations.
H. 
Radiation. Radiation shall be measured by counting alpha, beta and gamma radiation with a radiation counter. No use shall cause an increase in the radiation background levels for this area of Pennsylvania, which is 0.01 to 0.03 milliroentgens per hour.
I. 
Storage and waste disposal. No materials or wastes shall be deposited upon a lot in such form or manner that they may be transferred off the lot by natural causes or forces, nor shall any substance which can contaminate a stream, watercourse or underground aquifer desirable as a source of water supply or recreation or which will destroy aquatic life be allowed to enter any stream, watercourse or underground aquifer. All materials or wastes which might cause fumes or dust or which constitute a fire or explosion hazard or which may be edible or otherwise attractive to rodents or insects shall be stored indoors and enclosed in appropriate containers adequate to eliminate such hazards.

§ 209-43.1 Driveways.

[Added 5-3-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-02]
A. 
No person shall construct or alter a driveway which opens upon a Township road except in full accordance with the terms of this chapter.
B. 
A driveway may provide vehicular access to a Township road for not more than three lots.
C. 
Portions of driveways, subject to the terms of this chapter, which lie within the ultimate right-of-way lines of a Township road and which lie without such ultimate right-of-way lines but within 20 feet of the roadway pavement shall be constructed as follows:
(1) 
Grade. The maximum allowable grade for driveways shall be 8%, as indicated in Chapter 191 of the Falls Township Code.
(2) 
Material. Driveways shall be concrete, masonry paver units, or bituminous concrete.
(3) 
Width. Driveways shall have a maximum width of 20 feet.
(4) 
Driveways shall be kept a minimum of two feet from the property line, unless preexisting, to maintain the designed flow of storm water, and prevent excess accumulation of stormwater on the property.
D. 
Unobstructed sight distance. No permit shall be issued for any driveway and no driveway shall be constructed where the sight distance thereon from a point 12 feet from the edge of the cartway of the Township road, upon which the driveway opens, is less than 100 feet in either direction with respect to the view of oncoming traffic on such Township road.
E. 
One driveway. All single-family detached dwelling units shall have one paved driveway with one opening to a public road. If the property has access to two roads, the driveway shall be to the road with the lowest road designation.
F. 
Apron. On roads having concrete sidewalks and/or curbs, the driveway apron shall be reinforced concrete with a minimum depth of six inches and constructed in accordance with the Falls Township Design Standards.
G. 
Sidewalk. The sidewalk between the driveway apron and the driveway shall be reinforced concrete with a minimum depth of six inches and constructed in accordance with the Falls Township Design Standards.
H. 
Plant strip. The planting strip between the sidewalk and the curb shall not be paved.
I. 
Depressed curb. Depressed curbs in residential areas are intended to only be used for handicapped ramps or driveways. Depressed curbs require the approval of the Board of Supervisors.
J. 
Driveways shall be constructed in such a manner as to not divert stormwater onto any other property.
K. 
Where, due to the unusual topography, grade, size, width or other dimensions of a lot or the placement of structures thereon, literal compliance with this chapter would be rendered physically impossible, or where such compliance, by reason of excess cuts or fills, would otherwise render the lot unusable, the Township Zoning Officer shall be and is hereby authorized to grant reasonable variations from the literal requirements of this chapter upon application therefor. Such variations, when granted, shall not be contrary to the public health, safety, morals or welfare; shall not be detrimental with the spirit and purpose of this chapter; and shall not be any greater than the minimum necessary to remove or mitigate the hardship imposed. No variation shall be granted where the hardship, for which the same is sought, was created by the developer or landowner by reason of the layout of any subdivision, the installation and design of any road or other cause within the control of the developer or landowner.
L. 
Application for such a variation shall be upon such forms and shall be accompanied by such fee as the Board of Supervisors, by resolution, shall from time to time prescribe.

§ 209-44 Riverfront uses.

Structures other than recreational buildings, water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, wharves, piers, fences, railroads, roads, marinas and marine terminal facilities, including necessary equipment and accessory structures for the above, shall not be located within 100 feet of the mean high-tide line of the Delaware River. All other areas within the one-hundred-foot setback area which are not occupied by the above permitted uses shall be retained in their natural state.

§ 209-45 Signs.

[Amended 10-16-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-05; 5-22-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-02]
A. 
Scope and applicability. Any sign hereafter erected, altered or maintained shall conform with the provisions of this section and any other municipal ordinances and regulations.
B. 
Purpose and objectives. It is the intent of this section to regulate all signs within the Township of Falls to ensure that they are appropriate for their respective uses and in keeping with the appearance of the affected property and surrounding environment and to protect the health, safety, morals and general welfare. In addition, the intent of this section is to:
(1) 
Encourage good sign design in the context of the overall image and visual environment of the Township.
(2) 
Enhance the appearance of the business community, taking into account the nature of the use, and thus stimulate as well as protect the economic vitality of the Township.
(3) 
Encourage signs which are well designed and pleasing in appearance and to provide incentive and latitude for variety in order to enhance the economic value as well as the visual character of the residential and business community.
(4) 
Control the size, location and illumination of signs in the Township in order to reduce hazards to pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
(5) 
Avoid excessive competition for large or multiple signs, so that permitted signs provide adequate identification and direction while minimizing clutter, unsightliness and confusion.
(6) 
Establish criteria designed to encourage signs which are compatible with their surroundings, appropriate to the type of activity to which they pertain, expressive of the identity of the individual proprietors, and legible in the environment in which they are seen.
(7) 
Prevent sign overload and excessively large signs, which create a visually chaotic and competitive situation within the business community.
(8) 
Provide for the removal of signs which constitute a hazardous or blighting influence.
C. 
Any sign hereafter erected or maintained shall conform to the provisions of the article and any ordinance or regulations of the Township of Falls relating thereto.
D. 
Definitions.
(1) 
As used in this section, the following terms have the meanings indicated, unless otherwise expressly stated:
SIGN
A name, identification, description, emblem, display, device or structure which is affixed to or printed on or represented directly or indirectly upon a building, structure or parcel of land; which is illuminated or nonilluminated; which is visible or intended to be visible from any public place; and which directs attention to a person, place, product, institution, business, organization, activity or service. Signs shall also include any permanently installed or situated merchandise, including any banner, pennant, placard or temporary sign, with the exception of flags of the United States of America, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the County of Bucks, or the Township of Falls.
(a) 
— A sign which no longer correctly direct or exhorts any person or advertises a bona fide business, lessor, owner, product or activity conducted or product available on the premises where said sign is displayed.
(b) 
— A sign with action or motion, flashing or color changes requiring electrical energy, electronic or manufactured sources of supply, but not including window-displayed computer monitors or wind-actuated elements such as flags, banners, or novelty items, e.g., reader board. This definition does not include public service signs for time and temperature and it does not include any official federal, state or local government flag.
(c) 
— A sign painted on, printed on, or attached flat against, the surface of an awning.
(d) 
— Any source of electric light, whether portable or fixed, the primary purpose of which is to cast a concentrated beam of light generally skyward as a means of attracting attention to its location rather than illuminate any particular sign, structure or other object.
(e) 
— Any structure or portion thereof on which lettered or pictorial matter is displayed for advertising purposes, giving the name and occupation of the users, the nature of the business and/or the products primarily sold or manufactured. See also § 209-45J.
(f) 
— Aluminum or steel fabricated frame and body with or without internal illumination designed to display acrylic, aluminum or three-dimensional plastic sign faces. See also "cabinet sign."
(g) 
— An on-premises sign that advertises or otherwise directs attention to a business, commodity, service, industry or other activity which is sold, offered or conducted, other than incidentally, on the premises upon which the sign is located or to which it is affixed.
(h) 
— A sign structure consisting of the frame and face(s), not including internal components, embellishments or support structure. See also "box sign."
(i) 
— Any sign which advertises or promotes a business, activity, product or event, excluding any billboard owned or maintained by a commercial firm or advertising company.
(j) 
— A sign conveying instructions regarding pedestrian and/or vehicular movement with respect to the premises on which it is located, such as the entrance and exit of a parking area.
(k) 
— A sign on which the names and location of the occupants or the use of a building is given, including office buildings and religious directories.
(l) 
— Any sign containing electrical wiring attached to or intended to be attached to an electrical energy source. Such signs are subject to all regulations related to electronic graphic display signs.
(m) 
— A sign or portion of a sign that displays electronic, static images, static graphics or static pictures, with or without text information, defined by a small number of matrix elements using different combinations of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), fiber optics, light bulbs or other illumination devices within the display area where the message change sequence is accomplished immediately or by means of fade. Electronic graphic displays shall include computer-programmable, microprocessor-controlled electronic or digital displays.
[1] 
Electronic graphic display signs shall not be located on residential parcels. Where permitted, such signs are subject to the further provisions of this chapter and other applicable provisions of the Falls Township Code of Ordinances. See § 209-45G of this chapter.
[2] 
Electronic graphic displays are permitted as part of the allowable type and size of signage in the applicable areas. The calculation of such signage must be incorporated as part of the overall sign calculation, not in addition to it.
[3] 
Message duration. My portion of the message must have a minimum duration (hold time) of five continuous seconds and must be a static display. Messages may change immediately or fade in and out only and shall completely change to the next message within one second. No portion of the message may flash, scroll, twirl, twinkle, oscillate, rotate, blink, change color, or in any manner imitate movement.
[4] 
Brightness or illumination. Lighting from the sign must not exceed an intensity of one footcandle of light at the property line, as measured with a portable hand-held light sensor.
[5] 
This definition shall not include time and temperature signs, or illuminated signs that contain a static display that changes only once per day, such as service station price signs. Such signs do require a permit as indicated in § 209-45H.
(n) 
— An external means of illumination comprised of a group of strung bulbs.
(o) 
— A sign which is supported by one or more columns, uprights or braces in the ground not attached to a building.
(p) 
— A sign whose copy is limited to the name of a building, institution or person and/or to the activity or occupation being identified.
(q) 
— Any sign that is lighted by internal or external lighting.
[1] 
— A sign consisting of a cabinet containing a light source surrounded by one or more translucent faces, which may be illuminated for visibility.
[2] 
— The most prevalent type of sign in use. These are fabricated letters/graphics with an internal illumination source such as neon tubing or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or cold cathode tubing. They are used primarily in building or storefront signs. Reverse channel letters, where the surrounding area is indirectly illuminated (halo effect) are including in this definition. Electronic graphic display signs are not included within this definition.
[3] 
— Recognized by the curved support for a light fixture normally constructed out of steel conduit. It is typically used on storefront signs as a traditional solution.
[4] 
— Typically used for backlit letters to create a glow of light around the letter by illuminating the wall surface from within the letter form.
(r) 
— A sign, generally informational, that has a purpose secondary to the use of the lot on which it is located, such as "no parking," "entrance," "loading only," "telephone" and other similar directives. No sign with a commercial message legible from a position off the lot on which the sign is located or a sign which exceeds three square feet shall be considered incidental. In all instances, an incidental sign must be located on the same lot as the primary use for which information is being provided. No permit is required, and such signs shall be permitted in addition to the total allowable square footage permitted on a lot.
(s) 
— Any sign attached to a marquee for the purposes of identifying a theater or movie house.
(t) 
— A sign attached to a brick, stone or masonry wall or structure that forms a supporting base for the sign display.
(u) 
— Artwork (can be paint or tiles) applied to the wall of a building, which covers all or most of the wall and depicts a scene, theme or event of natural, social, cultural or historic significance.
(v) 
— Any sign that is not lighted.
(w) 
— A sign which has a valid permit, was erected prior to the effective date of this chapter or any subsequent amendment hereto and which does not otherwise conform to the provisions of this section.
(x) 
— A freestanding sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment facility that is not located, conducted, sold or offered upon the premises where such sign is located or which calls attention to a candidate, cause, public issue or any other kind of paid or unpaid commercial or noncommercial message.
(y) 
— A sign which carries only advertisements strictly incidental to a lawful use of the premises on which it is located, including signs or sign devices indicating the business transacted, services rendered, goods sold or produced on the premises, name of business, or the name of the person, firm or corporation occupying the premises.
(z) 
— A sign which directs attention to a business, industry, profession, commodity, service or entertainment not necessarily sold or offered upon the premises where the sign is located. See also § 209-45J.
(aa) 
— A sign mounted parallel to a wall or other vertical building surface that does not extend beyond the edge of any wall, roofline, or other surface to which it is mounted. A parallel wall sign shall not project more than 12 inches from the surface to which it is mounted.
(bb) 
— A sign which displays an individual's political, religious or personal belief.
(cc) 
— Any sign urging the election or defeat of any candidate seeking any political office or urging passage or defeat of any ballot measure, but does not mean or include any billboard owned or maintained by a commercial firm or advertising company.
(dd) 
— Any sign, including vehicular signs, not permanently attached to the ground or building.
(ee) 
— Any sign mounted to a wall or other vertical surface other than a parallel sign, that does not project more than 18 inches from the surface to which it is mounted, nor project above the wall, roofline or surface to which it is mounted, nor in any way interfere with normal pedestrian or vehicular traffic. The lowest part of any projecting sign or of any support thereof which extends over any street, sidewalk, alley or other public way in the Township shall be at least eight feet above the level of the walk or public way over which it extends, and the highest part shall not exceed a maximum height of 14 feet from ground level to the top of the sign, provided that, in no instance shall the top of the sign or its supporting framework exceed the level of the roofline of the building to which it is attached.
(ff) 
— Any sign that revolves.
(gg) 
— A sign erected upon or above a roof or parapet wall of a building, and which is wholly or partly supported by that building.
(hh) 
— A permanent or temporary sign or poster affixed to a tree, fence, utility pole or upon rocks or natural fences.
(ii) 
— A sign which advertises community or civic projects, construction projects, real estate for sale or lease, a commercial grand opening, or other special events on a temporary basis. The following types of signs shall be considered temporary signs:
[1] 
— A temporary sign intended to be hung, either with or without frames, possessing characters, letters, illustrations or ornamentations applied to paper, plastic or fabric of any kind. National flags, flags of political subdivisions, and symbolic or decorative flags of any institution, neighborhood, residential use or business shall not be considered banners for the purpose of this chapter.
[2] 
— Any sign giving the name or names of principal contractors, subcontractors, architects and lending institutions responsible for construction, landscaping or other improvements on the site where the sign is placed.
[3] 
— An on-premises sign on a building or lot which announces the nature, purpose or name of the prospective building/enterprise.
[4] 
— An on-premises sign that advertises or otherwise directs attention to a business, commodity, service, industry or other activity which is sold, offered or conducted, other than incidentally, on the premises upon which the sign is located or to which it is affixed.
[5] 
— A temporary sign used in connection with a local, county, state or national election or referendum.
[6] 
— Any sign not permanently attached to the ground or other permanent structure, or a sign designed to be transported, including but not limited to, signs designed to be transported by means of wheels; signs converted to A- or T-frames; menu and sandwich board signs; balloons used as signs; umbrellas used for advertising; and signs attached to or painted on vehicles parked and visible from the public right-of-way, unless said vehicle is used in the normal day-to-day operations of the business. Portable signs shall not be illuminated unless a conditional use is granted by the Board of Supervisors.
[7] 
— A temporary sign which advertises the sale, lease or rent of the property on which the sign is placed.
[8] 
— On-premises window sign, banner or commemorative flag which advertises a grand opening or other special event.
[9] 
— Any banner sign which is stretched across and hung over a public right-of-way.
[10] 
— An on-premises or off-premises directional sign advertising to the public the name of the subdivision project and the type of project to be built.
(jj) 
— A display containing illuminated numerals flashing alternatively to show the time and temperature.
(kk) 
— A lighted or unlighted display attached to the underside of a marquee or architectural projection protruding over a public or private sidewalk or right-of-way.
(ll) 
— Any sign which is erected upon a structure having wheels or rollers facilitating movement from one location to another.
(mm) 
— A sign which contravenes this chapter and which the Building and Zoning officer may declare as unlawful if it becomes dangerous to public safety by reason of structural failure or abandonment, or a nonconforming sign for which a permit was required under a previous ordinance and was not obtained.
(nn) 
— Any vehicle and/or trailer to which a sign is affixed in such a manner that the carrying of the sign is no longer incidental to the vehicle's purpose but becomes the primary purpose of the vehicle.
(oo) 
— A sign which is in any manner affixed to any exterior wall of a building or structure and which projects not more than 18 inches from the building or structure and which does not extend more than four feet above the parapet, eaves or building on which it is located; also includes signs affixed to architectural projections, canopies or marquees which project from a building facade, provided that the copy area of such signs remains parallel to the building facade.
(pp) 
— A sign mounted or painted on a window or inside a structure, such that it is intended to be seen through a window from the outside.
(2) 
Other definitions.
ARCHITECTRUAL PROJECTION
Any projection which is not intended for occupancy and which extends beyond the face of an exterior wall of a building, but not including signs.
BACKGROUND AREA FOR SIGN
The entire background area of a sign upon which copy could be placed. In computing area of sign background, only that face or faces which can be seen from any one direction at one time shall be counted.
BUILDING FACADE
That portion of any exterior elevation of a building extending from grade to the top of the parapet wall or eaves and the entire length of the building elevation.
BUILDING FACADE FACING
A resurfacing of an existing facade with approved material, illuminated or nonilluminated.
COPY AREA OF SIGN
The actual area of the sign copy applied to any background; compute copy area by straight lines drawn closest to copy extremities, encompassing individual letters or words.
E. 
General regulations.
(1) 
Sign area.
(a) 
The areas of a sign shall mean the area of all lettering, wording and accompanying designs, logos and symbols, together with the background on which they are displayed, whether open or enclosed. The area of a sign shall not include any supporting framework, bracing or trim which is incidental to the display, provided that it does not contain any lettering, wording or symbols.
(b) 
Where the sign consists of individual letters, designs or symbols attached to a building, awning, wall or window, the area shall be that of the smallest rectangle which encompasses all of the letters, designs and symbols.
(c) 
Signs may be multisided. In determining the area of a double-sided sign, only one side shall be considered, provided that both faces are identical in size. When the interior angle formed by the faces of a multisided sign is greater than 45°, then all sides of such shall be considered in calculating the sign area.
(2) 
Height of a sign. The distance from the highest portion of the sign to the mean grade at the base of the sign. In the case of a sign located on an isolated mound, height shall be measured to the original grade.
(3) 
Sign structure. Sign structures shall be in keeping with the architectural style of the building that it is related to. A sign structure is defined as the supporting structure erected and used to support a sign, such as brackets, posts, monument bases, etc.
(4) 
Location of signs.
(a) 
No sign shall be placed in such a position as to endanger traffic on a street by obscuring view or by interfering with official street signs or signals, by virtue of position or color.
(b) 
No sign shall be erected or maintained as to prevent free ingress or egress to or from any door, window or fire escape.
(c) 
No projecting sign shall extend into the cartway of the right-of-way or be less than 10 feet above a pedestrianway.
(d) 
No wall sign affixed parallel to a building facade shall project more than 12 inches beyond the build-to line, and the lower ledge of any parallel sign shall not be less than seven feet above the finished grade.
(e) 
No freestanding sign may occupy an area-designated for parking, loading, walkways, driveways, fire lane, easement, cartway of the right-of-way or other areas required to be unobstructed.
(f) 
Only directional or other instructional signs shall be attached to a standpipe or fire escape and shall only be permitted with approval of the Fire Marshal.
(g) 
Signs, not including historical markers and banners approved by the Township, shall not be affixed to a utility pole or structure, lighting standard, parking meter, park bench, tree, shrub, rock or natural object except plaques of a maximum of one square foot.
(5) 
Engineering design and standards.
(a) 
Materials.
[1] 
Sign materials should be consistent with and complement the original construction materials and architectural style of the building facade on which they are to be displayed. All signs, excluding awning and window signs, shall be constructed only of wood, metal, stone or other appropriate material with painted, engraved or raised messages. Plastic sign inserts shall be permitted for internally lit signs.
[2] 
Only materials as permitted by the Uniform Construction Code shall be used in the manufacture of all electrical signs. The design and construction of all electrical signs shall be in accordance with the requirements set forth by the Uniform Construction Code and National Electrical Code.
(b) 
Signs and sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist wind and seismic forces as specified by the Uniform Construction Code.
(c) 
All electrical wiring shall be contained in rigid conduit or enclosed in poles or raceways. All electrical sign components, connections and installations shall conform to the specifications of the Uniform Construction Code, National Electrical Code and Underwriters' Laboratories.
(d) 
Detailed plans showing supporting structural members and foundations must be submitted to the Township for approval before issuance of a permit. The Building Official is authorized to require additional construction documents to be prepared by a Pennsylvania registered design professional. The seal of the registered design professional shall be required on all such plans.
(6) 
Insurance and bond.
(a) 
It shall be unlawful for any firm or individual to erect, repair or maintain electrical signs, regardless of size or location, or nonelectrical signs, which are higher than 10 feet above grade or larger than 24 square feet, without submitting a certificate of insurance to the Township in the amount of $100,000/$300,000 for liability and $25,000 for property damage.
(b) 
It shall be a requirement that to erect or repair electrical signs, regardless of size or location, or nonelectrical signs which are higher than 10 feet above grade or larger than 24 square feet, a performance bond in the amount of $1,000 be posted with the Township. In the event that the contractor does not perform in accordance with the ordinance or the specifications which are approved by the Township for a specific installation, such bond will be forfeited if corrections are not made within 15 days after written notice of specific deficiencies received by the Township. In case of forfeit, such moneys received by the Township may be used to have corrections made to conform to the provisions of this chapter.
(7) 
Illumination of signs. Signs may be illuminated, unless otherwise specified herein (see also § 209-45G), consistent with the following standards:
(a) 
No sign shall have flashing, intermittent, animated, revolving, rotating, horizontal and/or vertical movement and/or other illumination, and such signs are specifically prohibited.
(b) 
Where permitted, illumination may be:
[1] 
External. Illumination of a sign with an external light, shielded so that the point source of light is not visible elsewhere than on the lot where said illumination occurs, e.g., gooseneck lighting.
[2] 
Internal. Sign lettering may be halo-lit illumination or reverse channel letters with halo illumination.
[3] 
Illumination of signs from the rear or signs designed to be illuminated from the rear (backlit) are prohibited. Signs may be illuminated from the front but only to the extent provided in this chapter.
(c) 
The intensity of the light provided for illumination shall be the minimal amount necessary to reasonably observe the sign after dusk at a maximum distance of 500 feet from the sign. Where illumination interferes with the perception of nighttime at surrounding residential properties, the intensity shall be reduced. Such permitted signs shall be illuminated by white light only.
(d) 
Neon lighting is not permitted in residential districts.
(e) 
Marquee signs are permitted to be externally or internally illuminated.
(f) 
Festoon lighting is permitted during holidays. Such lighting shall be removed within two weeks of the holiday.
(8) 
Construction and maintenance of signs.
(a) 
Every sign shall be constructed of durable materials, using noncorrosive fastenings, structurally safe and erected or installed in strict accordance with the Building Code and shall be maintained in a safe condition and good repair at all times. Exposed surfaces shall be cleaned and painted, if paint is required. Defective parts shall be replaced. The Code Enforcement Officer of the Township and/or his or her designee shall have the right to order the repair or removal of any sign which is or becomes so dangerous, defective, damaged or substantially deteriorated as to become in violation of the requirements of the current Building Code as adopted by the Township and shall be subject to all procedures, standards and sanctions applicable to signs as contained in said code.
(b) 
A sign using electricity shall be installed in conformance with the Township's Electrical Code. All signs not attached to a building shall be connected by underground service only.
(9) 
Removal of signs. A sign shall be found to be in violation of this chapter and may be required to be removed by the Zoning Officer under the following circumstances:
(a) 
The sign has not been maintained in good condition and safe repair and has deteriorated to the point that it cannot perform its intended use or creates a safety hazard. The Zoning Officer shall specify a period of time in which the owner of the sign may repair or rehabilitate the sign, thereby restoring its intended use or correcting the safety hazard.
(b) 
The sign has been erected without an applicable permit or does not comply with the other requirements of this chapter.
(10) 
Posting.
(a) 
Posting on any public right-of-way is prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to post a commercial sign on or over any public property in the Township.
(b) 
Posting on utility poles is prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to post a commercial sign on any public utility pole or other public utility structure or to post, paint or otherwise affix such signs to trees, rocks or other natural features.
F. 
Prohibited signs and illumination. It shall be unlawful, upon or after the effective date of this chapter or any amendment thereto, for any person, firm or corporation to erect any of the following signs within the Township of Falls:
(1) 
Abandoned signs and awnings, which shall be removed within 60 days from the effective date hereof. In the event that any such abandoned sign or awning is not removed within 60 days after the effective date hereof, such sign or awning may be removed by or at the direction of the Zoning Officer, and the expense of such removal shall be reimbursed to the Township by the property owner, failing which the Township may collect the cost of said removal by suit or may file a municipal lien against the property in the amount of such costs, or both, provided that said amount, together with applicable interest, court and collection costs, including counsel fees, if any, may only be collected once.
(2) 
Searchlights, in connection with operation of business.
(3) 
Any sign which by color, shape or location conflicts with or resembles a traffic signal device or government sign.
(4) 
Signs erected without the permission of the property owner or authorized agent.
(5) 
Signs that create a hazard by obstructing the clear view of vehicles and pedestrian traffic.
(6) 
Any sign which flashes, moves or emits smoke, steam, or other visible particulates or odor.
(7) 
Spinners, pennants, streamers, flags and balloons and any moving object used for commercial advertising purposes, whether or not any of the aforesaid items contain a message; except that banners and flags are permitted when authorized under any other pertinent provision of this section
(8) 
Flashing, electronically changing messages; blinking, twinkling, animated or moving signs of any type, except those portions of sign which indicate time and temperature changes or those signs that satisfy the requirements of the definition of "electronic graphic display" in § 209-45G of this chapter. This shall not prohibit holiday or decorative lighting or displays.
(9) 
Any sign that obstructs free ingress or egress from a door, window, fire escape or other exitway.
(10) 
Any sign painted onto the actual masonry of a building/structure, except for a mural as defined in this section.
(11) 
Vehicular signs in residential areas.
(12) 
Signs that exhibit statements, words or pictures of obscene or pornographic subjects as determined by the Township.
(13) 
Revolving signs, except barbershop poles.
(14) 
Signs containing beacon lights.
(15) 
Roof signs.
(16) 
Projecting V-shaped signs.
(17) 
Snipe signs.
(18) 
Awnings that are backlit.
(19) 
Any sign inconsistent with this section.
G. 
Electronic graphic display signs.
(1) 
Electronic graphic display signs shall be permitted by right, subject to the restrictions noted within this chapter and subsection, in the following zoning districts:
(a) 
LI - Light Industrial District (See also § 209-27).
(b) 
HI - Heavy Industrial District (See also § 209-29).
(c) 
SL - Sanitary Landfill District (See also § 209-32).
(d) 
RR - Resource Recovery District (See also § 209-32.2).
(e) 
HI-A - Heavy Industrial District (See also § 209-32.3).
(2) 
Electronic graphic display signs shall be permitted as a conditional use, subject to the restrictions noted within this chapter and subsection, in the following zoning districts:
(a) 
HC - Highway Commercial District (See also § 209-23).
(b) 
SC - Shopping Center District (See also § 209-24).
(c) 
FM - Farming and Mining District (See also § 209-26).
(d) 
PIP - Planned Industrial Park (See also § 209-28).
(e) 
MPM - Materials Processing and Manufacturing District (See also § 209-30).
(f) 
OIP - Office Industrial Park District (See also § 209-32.1).
(g) 
IN - Institutional District (See also § 209-20.1).
(3) 
Electronic graphic display signs shall not be permitted in the following zoning districts:
(a) 
LR - Low-Density Residential District (See also § 209-12).
(b) 
LMR - Low-Medium Density Residential District (See also § 209-13).
(c) 
MHR - Medium-High Density Residential District (See also § 209-15).
(d) 
MR - Medium Density Residential District (See also § 209-14).
(e) 
HR - High Density Residential District (See also § 209-16).
(f) 
HR-TH - High Density Townhouse Residential District (See also § 209-16.1).
(g) 
AQ - Age Qualified District (See also § 209-17).
(h) 
MHC - Manufactured Home Community District (See also § 209-18).
(i) 
NCR - Neighborhood Conservation Residential District (See also § 209-20).
(j) 
OSP - Open Space Preservation District (See also § 209-12.1).
(k) 
HD - Historical District (See also § 209-19).
(l) 
RD - Riverfront District (See also § 209-32.4).
(m) 
BP - Business and Professional District (See also § 209-21).
(n) 
NC - Neighborhood Commercial District (See also § 209-22).
(o) 
CR - Commercial Recreation District (See also § 209-25).
(4) 
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter to the contrary, electronic graphic display signs shall comply with the following operating standards:
(a) 
All messages/displays shall remain unchanged for a minimum of five seconds;
(b) 
The time interval to change from one complete message/display to the next complete message/display shall be a maximum of one second;
(c) 
There shall be no appearance of a visual dissolve or fading, in which any part of one electronic message/display appears simultaneously with any part of a second electronic message/display;
(d) 
There shall be no appearance of any flashing or sudden burst of light and no appearance of animation, movement or flow of the message/display;
(e) 
Any illumination intensity or contrast of light levels shall remain constant during permissible hours, provided that such lighting shall not take place between 11:00 p.m. and sunrise;
(f) 
Any operating standards or regulations adopted by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation or other governmental entity with appropriate jurisdiction shall apply; and
(g) 
Any sign permitted hereunder shall not be utilized for the advertisement, either directly or indirectly, of any business, service or product other than that of the property's owner or tenant.
H. 
Permits.
(1) 
A permit shall be obtained from the Township before erecting, placing, rebuilding, significantly altering, reconstructing or moving any sign, unless otherwise specifically noted in this chapter. Every application for a sign permit shall be accompanied by a plan drawn to scale and including:
(a) 
The dimensions of the sign and, where applicable, the dimensions of the wall surface of the building to which it is to be attached.
(b) 
The dimensions of the sign's support structure.
(c) 
The maximum and minimum height of the sign.
(d) 
The location of the sign in relation to the lot lines and building.
(e) 
Provision for the electrical maintenance and repainting, cleaning or other maintenance of the sign.
(2) 
The following shall not require sign permits:
(a) 
Street signs: official highway signs, street name, directional or other traffic signs in accordance with the Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code.
(b) 
Government flags, insignia or decorative banners.
(c) 
Legal notices of a governmental agency.
(d) 
Directional signs, provided they do not contain advertising (including logos), do not exceed four square feet, and do not obstruct the sign triangles at internal intersections on the premises.
(e) 
Public monument, plaque or historic identification marker erected by government agency.
(f) 
Barber pole: revolving barbershop pole sign, provided that it does not exceed 36 inches in height and is erected only in conjunction with a barbershop.
(g) 
All buildings in all zoning districts shall be required to display the address of the property in such a fashion as is clearly visible from the street and which is in accord with the provisions of this section. The area of an address sign shall be except from the computation of the total permitted sign area, provided the sign does not contain any advertising, trade names or logos.
(h) 
Professional accessory use or nameplate signs, provided that signs shall not be illuminated and shall not exceed two square feet in sign area. Not more than one sign shall be erected for each permitted use.
(i) 
Home security signs, not exceeding one square foot.
(j) 
Public service and information signs advertising the availability of public rest rooms, telephones or similar public conveniences, not exceeding three square feet in area.
(k) 
Menus and signs indicating business hours, provided signs shall not exceed two square feet and that signs shall be located in a permanently mounted display box on the facade of the building adjacent to the entrance, displayed within a window adjacent to the entrance, or at a podium that will be placed inside the restaurant upon closing.
(l) 
Personal expression signs, provided that they are not illuminated and are either freestanding, wall or window signs. Such signs may not exceed four square feet and, in the case of freestanding signs, four feet in height.
(m) 
"No trespassing" signs and signs indicating private ownership of roadways or other property, on the same premises therewith, provided that the total sign area shall not exceed one square foot and shall not be spaced at intervals of less than 100 feet of street frontage.
(n) 
"No parking" signs and signs indicating private parking areas in residential districts. On the same premises therewith provided that the total sign area shall not exceed 1 1/2 square feet and shall not exceed one sign per property.
(o) 
The following temporary signs:
[1] 
Civic event signs and banners on public and private property, which shall be removed within 72 hours after the event and which shall not be erected more than 30 calendar days prior to the event.
[2] 
Artisan signs, provided that such signs shall not exceed four square feet and are erected on the premises where the work is being performed. Signs shall be removed upon the completion of the work.
[3] 
Signs advertising garage or yard sales, provided that no sign shall exceed six square feet in sign area. Signs shall be permitted only on the premises where the sale is to be conducted and limited to one per street frontage. Signs shall be removed at the close of the garage or yard sale.
[4] 
Signs advertising the sale, rental or other conveyance of the entire premises or a portion of the premises on which they are erected shall be permitted in all zoning districts while a property is actually for sale or rent. All such signs shall be unlighted and shall be removed within five days after the property is no longer available for sale or rent and/or the termination of the listing agreement with the realtor, broker or other agent of the property owner. In the Residential District, no sign shall exceed eight square feet in total area. Such signs shall not be affixed to any structure upon the property except upon specific approval of the Code Enforcement Officer of the Township.
[a] 
In all other zoning districts, no sign shall exceed 16 square feet.
[b] 
Open house signs shall be allowed for one day prior to the scheduled event and shall be removed at the end of the day of the open house. No more than one open house sign, not to exceed three square feet per side, shall be displayed. All open house signs must be on the premises of the property for sale or rent. Directional signs to open houses shall be permitted only on the day of the open house and shall be located in such a way as not to obstruct traffic or visibility of traffic and within four blocks of the subject property. No more than three directional signs per property shall be permitted. No other attachments shall be permitted on directional signs or open house signs, including but not limited to balloons, ribbons, lights, streamers, flags or pinwheels.
[5] 
Sandwich boards (see "portable sign" definition) shall be permitted according to the following regulations:
[a] 
Signs shall not exceed eight square feet.
[b] 
Signs are permissible along the sidewalk, provided a minimum walking distance of five feet shall be maintained to allow for a pathway for pedestrians.
[c] 
Only one sandwich board will be permitted in front of the business it advertises.
[d] 
Shall contain copy set out in chalk, paint or print form which is easily changed but which is not removable lettering.
[e] 
Sandwich boards shall be weighted at the base so that the sign cannot be moved by strong winds; however, no sign shall be chained, tied or otherwise affixed to any structure or object.
[f] 
Sandwich boards shall be taken indoors at the close of business each day.
(3) 
Inspection. The Township shall require the proper maintenance of all signs and shall inspect every sign for which a permit is required within 30 days after it is erected. All signs, together with all of their supports, braces, guys and anchors, shall be kept in repair and in a proper state of preservation. The Township may order the removal of any sign that is not maintained in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
(4) 
Removal. When a business ceases to operate, all signs associated with said businesses shall be removed within 15 days after close of said business. The Zoning Officer or his authorized agents are hereby authorized to remove any commercial sign found posted within the corporate limits of the Township when such sign is in violation of the provisions of this section.
I. 
Permitted uses by zoning district. Except as otherwise specifically indicated in this chapter, the following signs are the only permitted signs in the following zoning districts:
(1) 
Residential Districts (LR - Low-Density Residential District (See also § 209-12); LMR - Low-Medium Density Residential District (See also § 209-13); MHR - Medium-High Density Residential District (See also § 209-15); MR - Medium Density Residential District (See also § 209-14); HR - High Density Residential District (See also § 209-16); HR-TH - High Density Townhouse Residential District (See also § 209-16.1); AQ - Age Qualified District (See also § 209-17); MHC - Manufactured Home Community District (See also § 209-18); NCR - Neighborhood Conservation Residential District (See also § 209-20); RD - Riverfront District (See also § 209-32.4)).
(a) 
In residential zoning districts, the following types of signs shall be permitted:
[1] 
Official highway route number signs, street name signs and directional and other official traffic signs may be erected and maintained in the interest of public safety or for the regulation of traffic.
[2] 
Signs advertising the sale or rental of the premises upon which said sign has been erected, or signs indicating that said premises have been sold or rented, provided that:
[a] 
Such signs shall be erected only on the premises to which they relate.
[b] 
The area of any such sign in all residential districts shall not exceed six square feet on each of two sides.
[c] 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed on any property held in single and separate ownership, except where the property fronts on more than one street, two signs shall be permitted.
[d] 
All such signs shall require a permit and payment of a fee.
[3] 
Signs advertising the development and/or sale of the premises upon which they are erected, when erected in connection with the development or proposed development of the premises by a builder, contractor, developer or other persons interested in such sale or development, provided that:
[a] 
The size of such sign shall not exceed 64 square feet.
[b] 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed upon any property held in single and separate ownership, unless such property fronts upon more than one public street, in which event one such sign may be erected on each street frontage.
[c] 
Such sign shall be removed within 20 days after the last building has been initially occupied.
[d] 
A permit is obtained and the proper fee is paid.
[4] 
Signs of mechanics, contractors and artisans may be erected and maintained during the period such persons are performing work on the premises on which such signs are erected, provided that:
[a] 
The size of any such sign shall not exceed six square feet.
[b] 
Not mere than one sign for each such mechanic, contractor or artisan shall be placed on any one property on which such person is performing work, unless such property fronts upon more than one street, in which event each such mechanic, contractor or artisan may erect one such sign on each street frontage.
[5] 
Such sign shall be removed promptly upon completion of work by the mechanic, contractor or artisan.
[6] 
No such sign requires a permit.
[7] 
Institutional signs. Identification signs for schools, colleges, churches, hospitals, sanatoriums, day-care centers and other institutions of a similar nature maybe erected and maintained on the property to which they relate, provided that:
[a] 
The total sign area for such uses shall not exceed 50 square feet, which can be a combination of one wall sign and one freestanding sign. The maximum size of a freestanding sign shall be 40 square feet with a maximum height of eight feet.
[b] 
Not more than one such sign is placed on any premises held in single and separate ownership, unless such property fronts upon more than one street, in which event one such sign may be erected on each street frontage.
[c] 
These signs may be externally illuminated, consistent with the provisions of this chapter.
[8] 
Temporary signs advertising political parties or candidates for election may be erected and maintained, provided that:
[a] 
It shall be unlawful for any person to post a political campaign sign on or over any public property in the Township.
[b] 
It shall be unlawful for any person to post a political campaign sign more than 30 days prior to the election for which the sign is posted, and it shall be unlawful to fail to remove a political campaign sign within four days after the election for which the sign was posted.
[c] 
The erector of such signs or an authorized agent of the political party or candidate applies for and obtains a permit from the Township and deposits with the Township, at the time of his application, the sum of $100 as a guaranty that all signs will be removed promptly within four days after the date of the election to which such sign relates. If such signs are not removed at the end of the four-day period, the Township shall deduct, from the $100, the sum of $15 for each sign the Township removes. See also Subsection I(1)(a)(6)[d] regarding the fee of $15.
[d] 
The Zoning Officer or his authorized agents are hereby authorized to remove any political campaign sign found posted within the corporate limits of the Township when such sign is in violation of the provisions of this section.
[i] 
For the purpose of removing political campaign signs, the Zoning Officer or his authorized agents are empowered to enter upon the property where the signs are posted, and the Zoning Officer or this authorized agents are further authorized to enlist the aid or assistance of any other department of the Township and to secure legal process to the end that all such signs shall be expeditiously removed from any property where posted.
[ii] 
When the Zoning Officer or his agents find that a political campaign sign has been posted in violation of this section or without the payment of the permit fee set forth in Subsection I(1)(a)[6][c], he shall remove said sign and store it in a safe location.
[iii] 
The Zoning Officer shall return any political campaign sign removed for lack of a sign permit upon the payment of the fee provided in Subsection I(1)(a)[6][c]. Other signs removed for violation of the provisions of this section shall be stored until the day after the election for which the sign was posted and shall then be discarded.
[9] 
Residential development identification. Permanent monument signs which identify the name of the development shall be permitted in compliance with the following:
[a] 
One sign may be located at the main entrance to the development, not to exceed 20 square feet in area or four feet in height.
[b] 
The sign shall be landscaped and in keeping with the character of the Township.
[c] 
The sign may be externally illuminated, consistent with the provisions of this chapter.
[d] 
Signs may be permitted at secondary entrances to the development following conditional use approval of the Board of Supervisors.
[10] 
Parallel wall sign for rental office for residential development. Such signs shall have a maximum sign area of six square feet. The sign shall not be higher than the eave line or top of parapet wall of principal building, whichever is lower. These signs may be externally illuminated, consistent with the provisions of this chapter. The may be a maximum of one sign per property.
(b) 
The following types of signs shall be permitted by conditional use only:
[1] 
Residential development identification signs at secondary entrances to a housing development.
(c) 
Electronic graphic display signs are not permitted in residential zoning districts.
(d) 
Any sign not specifically permitted above is a prohibited use in residential zoning districts.
(2) 
Nonresidential districts.
(a) 
The following signs shall be permitted in the OSP - Open Space Preservation District (See also § 209-12.1):
[1] 
All signs that do not require a permit, as listed in § 209-45H(2) above, are permitted in the OSP District.
[2] 
No other signs are permitted in the OSP District.
(b) 
The following signs shall be permitted in the HD - Historical District (See also § 209-19):
[1] 
All signs permitted in the NCR District are permitted in the HD District. All signs prohibited in the NCR District are prohibited in the HD District.
[2] 
In addition to meeting the requirements of this section, shall also receive a certificate of appropriateness prior to erecting a sign.
(c) 
The following signs shall be permitted in the IN - Institutional District (See also § 209-20.1); BP - Business and Professional District (See also § 209-21); NC - Neighborhood Commercial District (See also § 209-22); and CR - Commercial Recreation District (See also § 209-25):
[1] 
Any sign permitted in any residential district shall be permitted, provided that the use to which it refers is permitted.
[2] 
Signs advertising a use located on the site may be erected in accordance with the following size and location limitations:
[a] 
In the case of freestanding or projecting signs, such signs must be at least 25 feet from all property edges, with freestanding signs being at least 25 feet from any buildings. The distance of the sign from either a building or property line shall be measured from the nearest point of the sign facade.
[b] 
Square footage computation will be ascertained by reference to the background area of the sign, exclusive of supporting structure or incidental decorative trim which shall not exceed 25% of the copy area. Decorative trimming may not bear any copy. For projecting or freestanding double faced signs, only one display face shall be measured in computing total sign area where the sign faces are parallel or where the interior angle formed by the faces is 90° or less.
[c] 
Square footage computation for individual letter displays or other graphic elements affixed to an existing structural background shall be made by reference to the copy area covered by such letters or elements. In computing copy area, straight lines drawn closest to copy extremities encompassing individual letters, words or other elements shall be used.
[d] 
Permitted size.
[i] 
Freestanding signs.
[A] 
Such signs shall be allowed one square foot of background area per every linear foot of property frontage under separate ownership. Only one such sign shall be permitted for each street frontage, except that lots with 500 feet or more of property frontage on one street will be allowed two freestanding signs for each street frontage which is 500 feet or more. If street frontage exceeds 100 feet, an appeal may be made to the Zoning Hearing Board for a special exception to increase the sign size, not to exceed 150 square feet. Any property under separate ownership shall be allowed a background area per sign of at least 40 square feet, regardless of the street frontage.
[B] 
Maximum height above grade for any freestanding sign shall be 12 feet. For every property constructed after this date, the use of which is that of multiple commercial or industrial tenancy, provisions must be made for one freestanding sign with sufficient space so that each tenant shall have sign space available on the aforesaid freestanding sign.
[ii] 
Wall, awning or facade signs.
[A] 
The wall, awning or facade sign may cover up to 10% of the building facade to which the sign is attached, up to a maximum sign area of 50 square feet. This includes signs painted on or affixed to the inside or outside of windows or which consist of either an individual sign or letters that are attached to the building or otherwise directly affixed to the facade surface.
[B] 
A building facade or awning may contain more than one wall or facade sign; provided, however, that the total square footage of all such facade signs shall not exceed 10% of the building facade.
[C] 
Permanent signs located within the interior of the building, but designed to be seen exclusively from the exterior of the building, should be considered as part of the maximum permitted sign area and included in making the ten-percent calculations.
[D] 
On corner buildings or lots, where the building has two facades facing the street or other right-of-way, wall or facade signs may be attached to any building wall that is facing the street or public right-of-way; provided, however, that the total permissible sign may not be aggregated and the total square footage of signs located on any one facade or shall not exceed 10% of the total area of that facade or wall.
[E] 
Wall or facade signs may be placed on any side of the building that provides a public entrance facing a public street.
[iii] 
Projecting signs (permitted only in lieu of freestanding sign). Such signs shall be allowed 1/2 square foot of background area per every linear foot of building street frontage, except that any building under separate ownership or tenancy will be permitted one projecting sign per street frontage with a background area of at least 24 square feet and a maximum area of 50 square feet. Projection over public property is not permitted. Projection over the roofline of a building is prohibited. Projecting signs shall be a minimum of eight feet above the level of a public walkway over which it extends.
[iv] 
Roof signs are not permitted. No sign shall be placed on the roof or above the highest point of the roof of the building.
[v] 
Directional signs. Directional signs of eight square feet or less are permitted for traffic control as required. No advertising is permitted on directional signs.
[vi] 
Under canopy signs. Under-canopy signs of six square feet or less are permitted at each entrance to the facility identified. Under-canopy signs shall be a minimum of eight feet above the level of a public walkway over which it extends.
[vii] 
All signs permitted pursuant to this section shall be on-premises signs.
[3] 
Signs advertising the sale or rental of the premises upon which said sign has been erected, or signs indicating that said premises have been sold or rented, provided that:
[a] 
Such signs shall be erected only on the premises to which they relate.
[b] 
The area of any such sign in all commercial districts shall not exceed 32 square feet.
[c] 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed on any property held in single and separate ownership, except where the property fronts on more than one street, two signs shall be permitted.
[d] 
All such signs shall require a permit and payment of a fee.
[4] 
Electronic graphic display signs are not permitted, except as indicated in § 209-45G.
[5] 
Any sign not specifically permitted pursuant to this section is a prohibited use.
(d) 
The following signs shall be permitted in the HC - Highway Commercial District (See also § 209-23); SC - Shopping Center District (See also § 209-24); FM - Farming and Mining District (See also § 209-26); LI - Light Industrial District (See also § 209-27); HI - Heavy Industrial District (See also § 209-29); PIP - Planned Industrial Park District (See also § 209-28); MPM - Materials Processing and Manufacturing District (See also § 209-30); SL - Sanitary Landfill District (See also § 209-32); OIP - Office Industrial Park District (See also § 209-32.1); RR - Resource Recovery District (See also § 209-32.2); and HI-A Heavy Industrial A District (See also § 209-32.37):
[1] 
Any sign permitted in any residential district shall be permitted, provided that the use to which it refers is permitted.
[2] 
Signs advertising a use located on the site may be erected in accordance with the following size and location limitations:
[a] 
In the case of freestanding or projecting signs, such signs must be at least 25 feet from all property edges, with freestanding signs being at least 25 feet from any building. The distance of the sign from either a building or property line shall be measured from the nearest point of the sign facade.
[b] 
Square footage computation will be ascertained by reference to the background area of the sign, exclusive of supporting structure or incidental decorative trim which shall not exceed 25% of the copy. Decorative trimming may not bear any copy. For projecting or freestanding double-faced signs, only one display face shall be measured in computing total sign area where the sign faces are parallel or where the interior angle formed by the faces is 90° or less.
[c] 
Square footage computation for individual letter displays or other graphic elements affixed to an existing structural background shall be made by reference to the copy area covered by such letters or elements. In computing copy area, straight lines drawn closest to copy extremities encompassing individual letters, words or other elements shall be used.
[d] 
Permitted size.
[i] 
Freestanding signs.
[A] 
Such signs shall be allowed one square foot of background area per every linear foot of property frontage under separate ownership. Only one such sign shall be permitted for such street frontage. If street frontage exceeds 100 feet, an appeal may be made to the Zoning Hearing Board for a special exception to increase the sign size, not to exceed 150 square feet. Any property under separate ownership shall be allowed a background area per sign of at least 40 square feet and only one sign.
[B] 
Maximum height above grade for any freestanding sign shall be 25 feet. For every property constructed after this date, the use of which is that of multiple commercial or industrial tenancy, provisions must be made for one freestanding sign with sufficient space so that each tenant shall have sign space available on the aforesaid freestanding sign within the limits on the sign size as established in Subsection I(2)(c)[2][d][i][A] above.
[ii] 
Wall or facade signs.
[A] 
The wall or facade sign may cover up to 10% of the building facade to which the sign is attached. This includes signs painted on or affixed to the inside or outside of windows or which consist of either an individual sign or letters that are attached to the building or otherwise directly affixed to the facade surface.
[B] 
A building facade may contain more than one wall or facade sign; provided, however, that the total square footage of all such facade signs shall not exceed 10% of the building facade.
[C] 
Permanent signs located within the interior of the building, but designed to be seen exclusively from the exterior of the building, should be considered as part of the maximum permitted sign area and included in making the ten-percent calculations.
[D] 
On corner buildings or lots, where the building has two facades facing the street or other right-of-way, wall or facade signs may be attached to any building wall that is facing the street or public right-of-way; provided, however, that the total permissible sign may not be aggregated and the total square footage of signs located on any one facade or wall shall not exceed 10% of the total area of that facade or wall.
[E] 
Wall or facade signs may be placed on any side of the building that provides a public entrance facing a public street.
[iii] 
Projecting signs (permitted only in lieu of a freestanding sign).
[A] 
Such signs shall be allowed 1/2 square foot of background area per every linear foot of building street frontage, except that any building under separate ownership or tenancy will be permitted one projecting sign per street frontage with a background area of at least 24 square feet.
[B] 
Projection over the roofline is prohibited.
[C] 
Projecting signs shall be a minimum of eight feet above the level of a public walkway over which it extends.
[iv] 
Roof signs are not permitted. No sign shall be placed on the roof or above the highest point of the roof of the building.
[v] 
Directional signs. Directional signs of eight square feet or less are permitted for traffic control as required. No advertising copy is permitted on directional signs.
[vi] 
Under-canopy signs. Under-canopy signs of six square feet or less are permitted at each entrance to the facility identified. Under-canopy signs shall be a minimum of eight feet above the level of a public walkway over which it extends.
[vii] 
Directory signs. Such signs are permitted as required in an industrial park to provide for traffic orientation. Such signs must be freestanding and contain only the name of the industrial firm and suitable directional graphics. No one sign may exceed 150 square feet, and no more than 15% of the copy area may encompass the name of the industrial park.
[viii] 
All signs permitted pursuant to this section shall be on-premises signs.
[3] 
Signs advertising the sale or rental of the premises upon which said sign has been erected or signs indicating that said premises have been sold or rented, provided that:
[a] 
Such signs shall be erected only on the premises to which they relate.
[b] 
The area of any such sign shall not exceed the following:
[i] 
All commercial districts: 32 square feet.
[ii] 
All industrial districts: 64 square feet.
[c] 
Not more than one such sign shall be placed on any property held in single and separate ownership, except where the property fronts on more than one street, two signs shall be permitted.
[d] 
All such signs shall require a permit and payment of a fee.
(e) 
Temporary signs. Temporary signs or other special promotional devices, such as banners, advertising flags, etc., may be utilized in all nonresidential districts, subject to the following:
[1] 
Electrically energized devices or signs must conform to the same requirements and standards as cover permanent electrical signs under this chapter.
[2] 
A maximum of 20 days at a time, with a maximum of 60 days in each calendar year, is permitted for such use.
[3] 
Permits relating to this use must first be obtained from the Building Department before placement of the sign or device on the site.
[4] 
No signs shall be attached to trees or to utility poles.
[5] 
Pennants and garland streamers are prohibited.
(f) 
Portable signs. No sign shall be exhibited which is portable, i.e., fixed on a movable stand, self-supporting without being firmly embedded in the ground; supported by other objects; mounted on wheels or movable vehicles; or made easily movable in some other manner.
(3) 
Flags or balloons. An official federal, state or local government flag shall not be considered a sign. Any other flag containing lettering, advertising, business or service names, logos or any other information designed to attract attention to a business or other nonresidential activity shall be considered to be a freestanding sign, and the area and height of the flag shall be limited by the sign regulations for the district in which it is located. All balloons are prohibited.
(4) 
Any sign attached to, or placed on, a vehicle or trailer parked on a public or private property is prohibited, except for signs meeting the following conditions:
(a) 
The primary purpose of such vehicle or trailer is not the display of signs;
(b) 
The signs are magnetic, decals or painted upon an integral part of the vehicle or equipment as originally designed by the manufacturer, and do not break the silhouette of the vehicle; and
(c) 
The vehicle or trailer is in operating condition, currently registered and licensed to operate on public streets when applicable, and actively used or available for use in the daily function of the business to which such signs relate.
J. 
Off-site outdoor advertising signs. Off-site outdoor advertising signs (also known as "billboards") shall be permitted only on those properties within the Heavy Industrial District and are subject to the following regulations:
(1) 
Sign area. No outdoor advertising sign may exceed 672 square feet.
(2) 
Height and location of sign. The maximum height of an off-premises advertising sign shall be the minimum necessary in order for the sign to be reasonably viewed by the intended motorists and in no event higher than 25 feet above the highway on which it fronts. All signs will be set back a minimum of 125 feet from the center line of the paved roadway. One sign is permitted per every 1,000 linear feet of street frontage on each side of a given roadway and no closer than 500 feet from a residential zoning district within the Township. Double-faced structures may be counted as one sign for purposes of this section.
(3) 
Content. No off-premises advertising sign shall display any content prohibited by 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5903.
(4) 
Lighting for off-premises advertising signs is permitted, provided that the light is restricted from shining onto other properties located within the Township and that such lighting shall not take place between 12:00 midnight and sunrise. Lighting fixtures shall be placed above the sign and aimed downward, rather than at the bottom of the sign aimed upward toward the sky. All lighting fixtures shall be aimed and controlled so as to place their light output only on the face of the sign and not projected past the sign. Internal illumination and computer-controlled electronic displays shall be subject to § 209-45G hereof.
(5) 
Lot size. The minimum lot size for a property on which an off-premises advertising sign may be located shall be 10,000 square feet.
(6) 
Landscaping. In addition to all other landscaping, buffering and berming requirements under this chapter, an off-site advertising sign visible from any residential zoning district shall be landscaped in order to shield its visibility from such residential district(s). A landscaping plan shall be submitted to, and reviewed and approved by, the Township Engineer.
(7) 
Maintenance of sign. All off-premises advertising signs shall be structurally sound and maintained in good condition. Any off-premises advertising sign that is not structurally sound or is in poor condition shall be removed immediately at the sole cost and expense of the owner of the sign. In the event the owner of the sign fails to remove an off-premises advertising sign that is not structurally sound or is in poor condition, the Township shall provide written notice to the owner of the property on which the sign is located, by certified mail, giving the owner 60 days to remove the sign. Upon failure of the owner to comply with such written notice, the Township may remove the sign, and the cost thereof shall be paid by the owner of the property. The Township may file a lien against the property or exercise any other remedy available by law in the event of failure by the owner to pay the cost of removal of the sign, upon receipt of an invoice from the Township.
(8) 
Property boundaries. No part or foundation or support of any off-premises advertising sign shall be placed on, in or over any private property without the express written agreement of the owner of such private property. Such written agreement shall be submitted to the Township as part of the application for a permit to erect such a sign.
(9) 
Additional regulations. Each off-premises advertising sign shall comply with any and all applicable zoning regulations not specifically established herein and any and all Township, state and/or federal regulations, including but not limited to the Falls Township Code of Ordinances and all applicable Pennsylvania Department of Transportation regulations.
K. 
Nonconforming signs. Any sign legally existing at the time of the passage of this chapter that does not conform in use, location, height or size with the regulation of the district in which such sign is located shall be considered a nonconforming sign and shall be bound by the following regulations:
(1) 
A sign on a building or structure which does not conform to this chapter shall be removed or altered so as to be in conformity with the standards contained herein when the building or structure is demolished or when a building or structure renovation or expansion amounts to over S0% of the market value of the building or structure, assessed by the Bucks County Board of Assessment Appeals.
(2) 
Nonconforming signs may be repainted, repaired, the sign copy may be changed or sign panels replaced, provided that such actions do not increase the dimensions of the existing sign, nor in any way increase the extent of the sign's nonconformity.
(3) 
A nonconforming sign must be removed within 14 days after notification by the Code Enforcement Officer or be made to conform to this chapter in every respect whenever:
(a) 
It is not securely attached to the ground, wall or roof and can be easily moved;
(b) 
It becomes so deteriorated that it no longer serves a useful purpose of communication and is a nuisance as determined by the Code Enforcement Officer; or
(c) 
It is abandoned by the owner or the use is abandoned.
(4) 
Under the following conditions, nonconforming signs shall be exempt from the provisions of this article:
(a) 
The nonconforming sign possesses documented historic value.
(b) 
The reviewing body determines the nonconforming sign is unique by virtue of its architectural or cultural value or design.

§ 209-46 Swimming pools, hot tubs and spas.

A. 
No private residential swimming pool, hot tub or spa shall be constructed or installed on any lot unless the lot contains a residence building. All pools, hot tubs and spas shall be located in rear yard areas only, and the pool and all associated construction, such as decks, mechanical equipment, paving and coping, shall be located a minimum of six feet from any side or rear property line and a minimum of 10 feet from any street property line.
B. 
All swimming pools, hot tubs and spas shall occupy no more than 75% of the rear yard area in which it is located.
C. 
All swimming pools, hot tubs and spas must conform to the current Township Building Code.
D. 
Setbacks from electric power lines shall be in accordance with all applicable Township swimming pool, building and electrical codes.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. 194, Swimming Pools, and Ch. 109, Construction Codes, Uniform.
E. 
Pools shall be located a minimum of 10 feet measured from the water's edge to any portion of the principal structure; and 10 feet from any accessory buildings or structures. Aboveground swimming pools may be adjacent to open raised decks of elevations of two feet or less. These requirements are not applicable to hot tubs and spas.

§ 209-47 Townhouses.

Within any district allowing townhouses, no townhouse development shall take place unless the following minimum standards are met in addition to the requirements specified in Article IV for the HR District and until the site plan has been reviewed by the Planning Commission and approved by the Board of Supervisors:
A. 
Each dwelling unit and combined complex of dwelling units shall have a compatible architectural theme with variations in design to provide attractiveness to the development, which shall include consideration of landscaping techniques, building orientation to the site and to other structures, topography, natural features and individual dwelling unit setbacks, providing different exterior materials, changing types of windows, shutters, doors, porches, colors and vertical or horizontal orientation of the facades, singularly or in combination for each dwelling unit. Any overall structure of attached townhouses shall provide that no more than two adjacent dwelling units have the same setback.
B. 
Prior to submission to the Planning Commission, a certification by the appropriate utility(ies) shall be required confirming the adequacy and availability of public water and sanitary sewer facilities to service the proposed development. Prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy, all dwelling units shall be connected to public water and sanitary sewer facilities, approved and functioning in compliance with Falls Township's controlling ordinances and with the rules and regulations of the appropriate utility(ies).
C. 
All parking facilities shall be on the same site as the building and located within 150 feet of the nearest entrance of the dwelling unit they are intended to serve. Parking spaces shall be provided in areas designed specifically for parking.
D. 
No townhouse dwelling unit shall be less than 16 feet wide.
E. 
All buildings shall be in accordance with the specifications in the current Uniform Construction Code, as amended.
F. 
No outside area or equipment shall be provided for the hanging of laundry or the outside airing of laundry in any manner. Sufficient area and equipment shall be made available within each dwelling unit for the laundering and artificial drying of laundry of occupants of each dwelling unit.
G. 
Each building or group of buildings shall contain a single master television antenna system which shall serve all dwelling units within the building or building group. In lieu of a television antenna, the building may be connected to a television cable if available.

§ 209-48 Prohibited use of yards.

No open space provided around any principal building for the purposes of complying with the front, side, rear or other yard provisions of this chapter shall be considered as providing the yard provisions for another principal building.

§ 209-48.1 Municipal building or use permitted in any district.

A municipal building and/or use, as defined in § 209-5, shall be permitted in any zoning district, subject to the specific requirements of these zoning districts. This is in addition to the specific uses permitted within these districts by §§ 209-12 through 209-32.3.