§ 9-28Board established; purpose; referrals.
§ 9-29Administration; composition and
§ 9-30Powers and duties.
There is hereby established within the Towns of Johnston and Smithfield a Regional Juvenile Hearing Board with the powers set forth in this article for the purpose of hearing all cases referred to such Board by the Chief of Police, or his designee, from the Towns of Johnston and Smithfield with respect to persons resident in the Town of Johnston and Smithfield, under the age of 18, who are charged with violating the criminal laws of the State of Rhode Island, including wayward, misdemeanor and status offenses and violations of local Town ordinances.
Referrals to the Juvenile Hearing Board will be made by the Chief of Police or his designee. Referral to said Juvenile Hearing Board shall not be offered to any juvenile:
Who has been charged with the crime of assault or battery, unless specifically approved by the Chief of Police of the Towns of Johnston or Smithfield;
Who has been accused of drug offenses except for the possession of alcohol, unless specifically approved by the Chief of Police of the Towns of Smithfield or Johnston;
Who shall have been twice previously referred to said Board or who shall have been once previously referred to said Board and refused or failed to abide by the sanctions imposed or to make restitution recommended by said Board; or
Who at the time of commission of such juvenile offense was within the custody and control of the Family Court, not to include guardianship matters.
The Board, after investigation, may refuse to hear any case in which it appears that a juvenile was wrongfully referred in violation of the Code. In addition, the Board may refuse to hear any case in which the juvenile refuses to supply the Board with requested information, fails to appear when requested or refuses to supply the Board with requested information, fails to appear when requested or refuses to cooperate with the proceedings of the Board. The Board shall immediately notify the Chief of Police from the Town of Johnston or Smithfield, in writing, of any case it refuses to hear, and the Chief of Police shall take whatever further action that is deemed necessary, including referral to Family Court.
Composition. The membership of the Regional Juvenile Hearing Board shall consist of seven persons and two alternates over the age of 18 years, all of whom shall be a resident of at least three years. The composition of the Board shall consist of citizens of Smithfield and Johnston who have a background in and of the related fields of education, probation and parole, human services, community youth programs, members of the clergy, former law enforcement or judicial officials or citizens whom the Council deems have the credentials that would be an asset to the Board.
The Town Councils shall appoint seven members as follows: three members from the Town of Smithfield, three members from the Town of Johnston and one member from the Tri-Town Community Action Agency. The Juvenile Justice Planning Committee shall comment on all proposed appointments. The two alternates will be comprised of one Smithfield representative and one Johnston representative.
The Smithfield Town Council shall approve one member whose term shall expire on September 30, 1997, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified; one member whose term shall expire on September 30, 1998, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified; and one member whose term shall expire on September 30, 1999, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified. The appointee for the Tri-Town Community Action Agency shall be approved by both the Johnston and Smithfield Town Councils, and his or her term shall expire on September 30, 2014. The two alternates, as referenced in § 9-29A(1), shall be appointed for a period of one-year terms to expire on September 30, except for that the appointee from Johnston shall be appointed for a period of three years.
During the month of August and annually thereafter, the Smithfield and Johnston Town Councils shall appoint a member or members to succeed the member or members whose terms will next expire, to serve for a term of three years, commencing on the first day of October, and thereafter until their successors are appointed and qualified. In the event of a vacancy occurring in the office of a member by death, resignation or otherwise, such vacancy shall be filled in like manner as the original appointment, but only for the remainder of the term of the former member. No member of the Regional Juvenile Hearing Board shall be entitled to receive any compensation by reason of his or her service on the Board.
The terms of the current members appointed by the Johnston Town Council shall expire on January 31, 2012. The Johnston Town Council shall appoint one member whose term shall expire on September 30, 2015, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified; one member whose term shall expire on September 30, 2016, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified; and one member whose term expires on September 30, 2017, and thereafter until his or her successor is appointed and qualified.
Applicability. This article shall apply to all juveniles alleged to have committed an offense after September 1, 1996.
The Juvenile Hearing Board shall hear all cases referred to it by the Chief of Police or his designee and shall determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe that the person so referred has committed the offense alleged and whether such person shall be disciplined as a result thereof. A further condition of referral is that the juvenile agrees to his involvement in the incident and waives his rights.
In making such determination, the Juvenile Hearing Board shall not be bound by the customary rules of evidence, and may consider all probative and relevant evidence whether or not such evidence would be admissible in a court of competent jurisdiction.
In those cases in which the Juvenile Hearing Board shall determine that there is reasonable ground to believe that the offense was committed by the person so charged and that such person should be disciplined, it shall recommend sanctions (other than incarceration) and shall direct restitution for any injuries resulting from the commission of such offense.
In those cases in which the Board shall order restitution, it shall attempt to assist the juvenile offender and his parents in providing a means whereby the offender may make such restitution, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, an attempt to provide, with the cooperation of the Mayor of the Town of Johnston or the Town Manager of the Town of Smithfield or the Superintendent of Schools, suitable employment by the Towns of Johnston and Smithfield.
In any such proceeding the Juvenile Board, prior to imposing sanctions, shall request the juvenile offender and his parents to agree to the sanctions imposed, and the amount of restitution and manner of making the same.
In ordering restitution, the Juvenile Hearing Board shall take into account the juvenile offender's ability to pay and the amount of actual damage caused as a result of the commission of such offense.
Sanctions imposed by the Board shall be for a period of time not to exceed six months and may consist of, but not be limited to, community service, reasonable restitution, direct work service for the victim, letters of apology, curfews, referrals for counseling and intervention, alternative dispute resolution programs, driving license, etc.
The sanctions or conditions set forth shall be in writing, clearly understood by the juvenile and his or her parents/guardian and a signed copy provided to them. The specific sanctions shall be completed within 60 days except with regard to school-related and counseling issues.
If sanctions are not agreeable to the juvenile or parents/guardian, the offense complaint shall be returned to the referring person which in turn may refer to Family Court. If a referral is made to Family Court under such conditions, a notation shall be included to inform the Court of the action of the Juvenile Hearing Board to try to resolve the matter and the reason why this was unsuccessful.
Likewise if a juvenile fails to comply with the agreed upon sanctions, without good cause, the action of the Juvenile Hearing Board may be vacated and the matter referred to Family Court with a notation to that effect.
The Juvenile Hearing Board shall provide the Chief Judge of the Family Court with an annual report as to its activity.
The Juvenile Hearing Board shall meet not less than once each month.
It shall give notice of the matters to be heard before it, to the Chief of Police, the juvenile officer and the juvenile offender and his parents, not less than 10 days prior to the date of the hearing. Said notice shall set forth the following:
The Board must be notified if the juvenile is unable to appear on the hearing date within a reasonable period of time.
The Hearing Board shall be cognizant of the immaturity of youthful offenders and adopt a "paren patrige" approach toward the juvenile by taking into consideration his/her age, culture, attitude, home and school behavior, and parental input.
Any juvenile offender shall be entitled to be represented by counsel and present evidence in his behalf.
A majority of the members of the Juvenile Hearing Board shall constitute a quorum and its proceedings shall be closed to the public except that the juvenile hearing may, with the consent of such juvenile, and his/her legal guardians, transact its business in public.
The Juvenile Hearing Board shall elect one from its members as its Chairman, and one as its Vice Chairman and one as its Secretary. In the absence of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman shall be the presiding officer.
A majority of the members present shall be required to take any action.
The Juvenile Hearing Board shall have the power from time to time to draft rules governing its proceedings or to amend or repeal any rules theretofore adopted.