Borough of Highland Park, NJ
Middlesex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
This chapter shall be known and cited as the "1989 Land Development Ordinance of the Borough of Highland Park, New Jersey."
There is hereby ordained by the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Highland Park, New Jersey, pursuant to the provisions of P.L. 1975, c. 291, as amended (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.), a land development ordinance for the following purposes:
A. 
To encourage municipal action to guide the appropriate use or development of all lands in this Borough in a manner which will promote the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare;
B. 
To secure safety from fire, flood, panic and other natural and man-made disasters;
C. 
To provide adequate light, air, and open space;
D. 
To limit and restrict buildings and structures to specified districts and regulate buildings and structures according to their type and the nature and extent of the use of land for trade, industry, residence, open space, or other purposes;
E. 
To regulate the bulk, height, number of stories, and size of buildings and other structures;
F. 
To ensure that the development of this municipality does not conflict with the development and general welfare of neighboring municipalities, Middlesex County, and the state as a whole;
G. 
To promote the establishment of appropriate population densities and concentrations that will contribute to the well-being of persons, neighborhoods, communities and regions and preservation of the environment;
H. 
To encourage the appropriate and efficient expenditure of public funds by the coordination of public development with land use policies;
I. 
To provide sufficient space and in appropriate locations for the variety of residential, recreational, commercial, business and industrial uses and open space, both public and private, according to their respective environmental requirements in order to meet the needs of all Highland Park residents;
J. 
To encourage the location and design of transportation routes which will promote the free flow of traffic while discouraging location of such facilities and routes which result in congestion or blight;
K. 
To promote desirable visual environment through creative development techniques and good civic design and arrangements;
L. 
To promote the conservation of open space, historic sites, energy resources, and valuable natural resources and to prevent urban sprawl and degradation of the environment through improper use of land;
M. 
To encourage planned unit development which incorporates the best features of design and relates the type, design and layout of residential, commercial, industrial and recreational development to the particular site;
N. 
To encourage senior citizen community housing construction; and
O. 
To encourage coordination of the various public and private procedures and activities shaping land development with a view of lessening the cost of such development and to the more efficient use of land.
[Amended by Ord. No. 1257; Ord. No. 1292; Ord. No. 1304; Ord. No. 1441; Ord. No. 1569; Ord. No. 1588; Ord. No. 1633]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCESSORY BUILDING OR USE
An accessory building or use which:
A. 
Is subordinate to and serves an ancillary purpose to a principal building or principal use;
B. 
Is subordinate in area, extent, or purpose to the principal building or principal use served;
C. 
Contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of occupants of the principal building or principal use served; and
D. 
Is located on the same zoning lot as the principal building or principal use served.
ADULT BOOKSTORE
An establishment having as a substantial or significant portion of its stock-in-trade books, magazines, and other films, tapes, periodicals, or other media which are distinguished or characterized by their emphasis on matter depicting, describing, or relating to specified sexual activities.
ALTERATION
To change the appearance of exterior elements of a structure or to change the material used. A change in the exterior color of a structure shall be considered an alteration within the terms of this definition only with respect to properties with historic preservation potential and only if the change in color entails the application of paint to a surface which has not been painted before. Ordinary maintenance shall not be considered an alteration within this definition.
ALTERATION, AS APPLIED TO A BUILDING OR A STRUCTURE
A change or rearrangement in the structural parts or existing facilities, or an enlargement whether by extension of any side or by increasing in height, or a change in use from that of one use classification to another, any conversion of a building, or a part thereof, or removal of a building from one location or position to another.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
The application form and all accompanying documents required by ordinance for submission for review of a subdivision plat, site plan, conditional use, zoning variance or direction of the issuance of a permit pursuant to Section 25 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-34) or Section 27 (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-36) of the Act.
APPROVING AUTHORITY
The Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment when acting pursuant to the authority of the Municipal Land Use Law.
ARTIST STUDIO
Nonresidential work studio where artists (such as painter, sculptor, photographer, craftsperson, but not limited thereto) may create and sell their own work.
ARTISTIC INSTRUCTION SPACE
Nonresidential space for artistic instruction (such as for painting, sculpting, photography and crafts, but not limited thereto) for a specified number of students that can be safely accommodated based on all applicable building and fire codes.
ATTIC
That part of a building which is immediately below and wholly or partly within the roof framing. See "story, half."
AUTOMOBILE OR GASOLINE SERVICE STATION
Any area of land, including structures thereon, that is used or designed to be used for the retail sale of gasoline or oil or other fuel directly to motor vehicles from a pump located outside a building, including the sale of motor vehicle accessories and facilities for polishing, greasing, washing, spraying, dry cleaning, repairing or otherwise cleaning or servicing such motor vehicles.
AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR SERVICES AND GARAGES
Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing automotive repair, rental, leasing and/or parking services to the general public.
AUTOMOTIVE SALES
The use of land for the purpose of display and storage of automobiles for sale to the general public. Such use shall not include storage of vehicles for hire, demo, or for towed or damaged or abandoned vehicles or auction sales.
BANK
The land area immediately adjacent to the bed of the stream which is essential in maintaining the integrity thereof.
BASEMENT
That portion of the building which is partly below and partly above grade and having 1/2 or more of its height above grade, the floor of which is not more than three feet below ground level.
BAY
A regularly repeated unit on a building elevation defined by columns, pilasters or other vertical elements, or defined by a given number of windows or openings.
BED
The maximum area covered by waters of the stream for not less than 15 consecutive days.
BELT COURSE (also STRING COURSE or HORIZONTAL COURSE)
A projecting horizontal band on an exterior wall marking the separation between floors or levels.
BLANK WALL
An exterior building wall with no openings and generally constructed of a single material, uniform texture, and on a single plane.
BLOCK
The area bounded by one or more streets or a municipal boundary of sufficient size to accommodate a lot or lots of the minimum size required in this chapter. For purposes of defining the geographical area upon which to calculate the percent of existing single-family detached dwellings which have garage doors facing the street, the area of calculation shall include that portion of the block upon which the garage is to face and be located calculated to the nearest intersecting streets and/or municipal boundary(ies) on both sides of the proposed garage as well as that portion of the block across the street whose homes face the proposed garage calculated to the nearest intersecting streets and/or municipal boundary(ies). If the garage is to be located on a block less than 600 feet in length, then the calculations would include those blocks on either side of the block upon which the garage is to be located as well as that block across the street.
[Added 10-5-2010 by Ord. No. 10-1794]
BOARDINGHOUSE
Any building, together with any related structure, accessory building, and land appurtenant thereto, and any part thereof, which contains two or more units of dwelling space arranged or intended for single-room occupancy, exclusive of any such unit occupied by an owner or operator, and wherein personal or financial services are provided to the residents, including any residential hotel or congregate living arrangement, but excluding any hotel or motel or established guesthouse wherein a minimum of 85% of the units of dwelling space are offered for limited tenure only; any foster home as defined in Section 1 of P.L. 1962, c. 137 (N.J.S.A. 30:4C-26.1); any community residence for the developmentally disabled as defined in Section 2 of P.L. 1977, c. 488 (N.J.S.A. 30:11B-2); any dormitory owned or operated on behalf of any nonprofit institution of primary, secondary or higher education for the use of its students.
BUFFER AREA
An area in which no building, parking area, driveway (except to provide access to property), street, sign (except traffic directional sign), or storage of materials shall be permitted and which shall consist of a dense and continuous landscaped screening area, planted and maintained containing fences, massed trees and shrubs of such species and size as will produce a sufficient density to obscure or confine throughout all seasons automobile headlight glare, site noise, windblown debris and other typical and frequent nuisance problems, as well as create an aesthetically pleasing and attractive view to mask or obscure the use, function, or structure located upon the site.
BUILDING
Any structure built or used for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or movable property of any kind which is permanently or temporarily affixed to the land and having a roof supported by columns, piers, or walls, or having other supports and any unroofed platform, terrace, or porch having a vertical face higher than three feet above the level of the ground from which the height of the building is measured.
BUILDING AREA
The total of areas of outside dimensions on a horizontal plane at ground level of the principal building and all accessory buildings, exclusive of unroofed porches, terraces, or steps having a vertical face of less than three feet above the level of the ground from which the height of the building is measured.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the proposed finished grade at the front of the building to the highest point of the ceiling of the top story in the case of a flat roof; to the deckline of a mansard roof; and to the average height between the plat and ridge of a gable, hip, or gambrel roof, including chimneys and other similar features.
BUILDING LINE
A line formed by the intersection of a horizontal plane at average grade level and a vertical plane that coincides with the exterior surface of the building on any side. In case of a cantilevered or projected section of a building, the vertical plane shall coincide with the most projected surface. All yard requirements are measured to the building line.
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building or use in which is conducted the main or principal use of the lot on which said building is situated.
BUILDING SCALE
The relationship between the mass of a building and its surroundings, including the width of street, open space, and mass of surrounding buildings.
BULK
The term used to describe the size and mutual relationships of buildings and other structures and includes:
A. 
The size of buildings and other structures;
B. 
The shape of buildings and other structures;
C. 
The location of exterior walls of buildings and other structures in relation to lot lines, to the center line of streets, to other walls of the same building and to other buildings or structures; and
D. 
All open spaces relating to a building or structure.
BULKHEAD
A retaining wall created along a body of water behind which fill is placed.
BUSINESS OFFICE
A room or group of rooms used primarily for conducting the affairs or purpose of profit or improvement of an occupation, nonprofessional, service or nontradesman activity on a fee or contract basis.
CALIPER
The diameter of a tree trunk measured in inches and measured 24 inches above ground level for all trees.
CARTWAY
The section of a street, road or highway or right-of-way located between the curblines which is normally used by vehicular-type traffic, commonly known as the paved areas of the street.
CELLAR
That portion of a building which is partly or completely below grade and having at least 1/2 its height below grade.
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
A certificate issued by the Building and/or Zoning Inspector upon completion of the construction of a new building or upon a change in the use of the occupancy of a building which certifies that all requirements of this chapter, or such adjustments thereof which have been granted, and all other applicable requirements have been complied with.
CHANGE OF USE
An alteration in a building heretofore existing to a new use group which is subject to other requirements of this chapter or other special provisions of law governing building construction, equipment or means of egress as established within the Uniform Construction Code of the municipality.
CHILD-CARE CENTER
A private establishment enrolling four or more children and where tuition, fees, or other forms of compensation for the care of children is charged, whether or not licensed or approved to operate as a child-care center by the New Jersey Division of Youth and Family Services (NJDYFS).
CHURCH
A structure, building or group of buildings, including customary accessory structures such as auditoriums used, designed or intended for public worship. The word "church" shall include any place where persons regularly assemble for worship, i.e., chapels, churches, congregations, cathedrals, synagogues, temples, and other places where regular religious services are conducted, as well as parish houses, convents, religious school facilities and structures, and other accessory uses, including uses and structures for religious and sectarian education.
CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT
See "residential cluster."
COLUMN
A vertical pillar or shaft, usually structural.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
An open space area, exclusive of required setback areas, within or related to a site designated as a development and designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of residents and owners of the development. Common open space may contain such complementary structures and improvements as are necessary and appropriate for the use and enjoyment of residents and owners of the development.
COMPLETE APPLICATION
An application form completed as specified by ordinance and the rules and regulations of the reviewing board and all accompanying documents required by ordinance for approval of the application for development. An application shall be certified as complete upon the meeting of all requirements specified in the chapter and in the rules and regulations of the reviewing board, and shall be deemed complete as of the day it is so certified for purpose of the commencement of the time period for action by the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use permitted in a particular zoning district only upon a showing that such use in a specified location will comply with the conditions and standards for the location or operation of such use as contained in the Zoning Ordinance, and upon the issuance of an authorization therefor by the Planning Board or, where required by N.J.S.A. 40:55D-70, by the Board of Adjustment.
CONDOMINIUM
Ownership of real property combining ownership in fee simple of a dwelling unit and undivided ownership in common with other purchasers of the common elements in the structure and including the land and its appurtenances.
CONSTRUCTION OFFICIAL
That person designated by salary guide title in the municipality pursuant to the Uniform Construction Code of the State of New Jersey.
CONTEXT
The character of the buildings, streetscape and neighborhood which surround a given building or site.
CONTROL PERSON
That person designated by salary guide title to accept and agendize incoming applications and amendments and revisions thereto.
CONVERSION
A change in the use of land or structure.
CORNER LOT
A lot at the junction of and fronting on two or more intersecting streets. Front yard setback requirements shall be provided for all street frontages of a corner lot.
CORNICE
The top part of an entablature, usually molded and projecting.
CUPOLA
A small roof tower, usually rising from the roof ridge.
CURB LEVEL
The permanently established grade of the curb top in front of a lot.
CURTAIN WALL
A light, nonstructural outer wall of a building, in the form of a metal grid with infill panels of glass and other materials.
DAYS
Calendar days.
DE MINIMIS
When applied to an action affecting a property with historic preservation potential, an action of such a minimum nature that:
A. 
The purposes of historic preservation as defined in this chapter will not thereby be materially affected; and
B. 
The action does not increase the degree of noncompliance with respect to any bulk regulation set forth in this chapter.
DEMOLITION
To partially or completely take down a structure.
DENSITY, GROSS
The number of dwelling units provided by the total land area of the lot or lots comprising the tract of land for which the development application is made.
DENSITY, NET
The number of dwelling units which may be developed or that portion of the tract exclusive of public street right-of-way, floodway, delineated wetlands, conservation/preservation areas, open space areas, streams or water bodies, existing public utility easements, and such other areas which may not be developed.
DESIGNATION OF PRESERVATION STRUCTURES
Any owner of a structure within or without the Borough may apply to the Code Enforcement Officer for designation of that structure as a preservation structure as provided herein. In making such determination, the Code Enforcement Officer shall consult the Historic Preservation Commission or a designated committee, as determined by the governing body, which shall make its recommendation in writing.
DEVELOPER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of a lot or of any land proposed to be included in a proposed development, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase or lease, or other person having an enforceable proprietary interest in such land.
DEVELOPMENT
The division of a parcel of land into two or more parcels, or the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any building or other structure, or any mining, excavation or landfill, and/or any use or change in the use of any building or other structure, or land or extension of use of land, for which permission may be required, pursuant to the New Jersey Municipal Land Use Law.
DIRECTIONAL EMPHASIS
The combination of building height and width, together with the placement of fenestration, structural elements and architectural details, may convey a predominantly horizontal or a predominantly vertical directional emphasis to a building's facade.
DISCOTHEQUE
An establishment where patrons dance to recorded music and may also feature go-go dancers.
DRAINAGE
The removal of surface water or groundwater from land by drains, grading or other means, and includes control to minimize erosion and sedimentation during and after construction or development and means necessary for water supply preservation or prevention or alleviation of flooding.
DRIVE-IN BANK
A building or portion thereof which encourages or permits customers to conduct personal financial transactions while remaining in their motor vehicles.
DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT
A building or portion thereof where food and/or beverages are sold in a form ready for consumption and where a portion of the consumption takes place or is designed to take place outside the confines of the building, often in a motor vehicle on the site, or is designed for the transferal of food and/or beverages without leaving the vehicle.
DWELLING
A building designed or used exclusively as the living quarters for one or more families.
DWELLING, ATTACHED
One dwelling unit in a line of two or more structurally joined dwelling units, with each dwelling unit having individual access, with open space in front and rear.
DWELLING, DETACHED
A building surrounded by open space on the same zoning lot and being the only principal building occupying that zoning lot.
DWELLING, EFFICIENCY
A dwelling unit consisting of not more than one habitable room, together with kitchen or kitchenette and sanitary facilities.
DWELLING, HIGH-RISE
Any building with a common passageway consisting of more than five stories or more than 60 feet in height, in which building there are one or more suites of rooms on each floor.
DWELLING, MID-RISE
Any building with a common passageway which is three to five stories or 35 feet to 60 feet in height, in which building there are one or more suites of rooms on each floor.
DWELLING, MULTIFAMILY
A building designed for or occupied exclusively by three or more families or households living independently of each other.
DWELLING, PATIO HOUSE (aka, TERRACE HOME)
A variation of the traditional one-story ranch house designed to fit on a narrow lot, with an angled or altered architectural form, with the elimination of side and/or front yards, with private spaces fenced, usually on a square or reduced-size lot, with parking usually occurring within the unit in a garage.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY
A dwelling consisting of a building containing one dwelling unit only and not occupied or designed for occupancy by more than one family.
DWELLING, STACKED TOWNHOUSE
An attached dwelling unit arrangement with an exterior townhouse appearance where one dwelling unit or a part of one dwelling unit is below or above another dwelling unit, with each dwelling unit having an entrance on the ground floor.
[Added 10-2-2012 by Ord. No. 12-1840]
DWELLING, TOWNHOUSE
One of a series of contiguous single-family dwelling units designed for conveyance either as a condominium or as a planned development, in which each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside, and each dwelling unit is separated from another by one or more common fire-resistant walls, and wherein each dwelling unit shall have separate individual utility systems, and with private rear yard areas.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
A building for or occupied exclusively by two families or households living independently of each other.
EASEMENT
A right-of-way granted, but not dedicated, for limited use of private land for a public or quasi-public purpose and within which the owner of the property shall not erect any permanent structures.
ELEVATION
The exterior facade of a structure or its head-on view or representation.
ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE AREAS
Areas which include, but are not limited to, stream corridors and floodplains, streams, bodies of water, wetlands (as defined by NJDEP), slopes greater than 10%, shallow depth to bedrock (less than two feet), highly acid or erodible soils (as defined by the NRCS), mature stands of trees, aquifer recharge areas, aquifer discharge areas, unique natural features and wildlife habitats, or such areas as may be so designated by federal or state agencies of jurisdiction.
ERECT
To build, construct, attach, alter, relocate or affix and includes the painting of signs or displays on the exterior surface of a building.
EROSION
The detachment and movement of soil or rock fragments by water, wind, ice, gravity, whether naturally or humanly induced.
EXTENDED CARE FACILITY
A long-term care facility or a distinct part of a facility licensed or approved as a nursing home, infirmary unit of a home for the aged or a governmental medical institution.
FACADE
An exterior wall of a building exposed to public view.
FASCIA
A projecting flat horizontal member of molding; also part of a classical entablature.
FENCE
An artificially constructed barrier erected for the enclosure of yard areas.
FENESTRATION
Window and other openings on a building facade.
FINAL APPROVAL
The official action of the respective board taken on a preliminary approved major subdivision or site plan after all conditions, engineering plans and other requirements have been completed or fulfilled and the required improvements have been installed or guarantees properly posted for their completion, or approval conditioned upon the posting of such guarantees.
FINAL PLAT
The final map of all or a portion of the subdivision which is presented to the respective board for final approval in accordance with these regulations, and which if approved shall be filed with the proper county recording office.
FINANCIAL SERVICES
Any assistance permitted or required by the state to be furnished by an owner or operator to a resident in the management of personal financial matters, including, but not limited to, the cashing of checks, holding of personal funds for safekeeping in any manner, or assistance in the purchase of goods or services with a resident's personal funds.
FLAG LOT
A lot, the majority of whose width is not fronting on or abutting a public road and where access to the public road is by a narrow, private right-of-way.
FLOOD-FRINGE
That portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway or stream encroachment lines.
FLOODWAY
The channel and portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel which are reasonably required to carry and discharge the regulatory flood.
A. 
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of all floors of a building or buildings, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the center line of walls separating two buildings. The floor area of a building or buildings shall include but not be limited to the following:
(1) 
Floor space use for heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment with structural headroom of seven feet, six inches or more.
(2) 
Attic space and basement space where a floor has actually been laid, providing structural headroom of seven feet, six inches or more.
(3) 
Interior balconies and mezzanines.
(4) 
Enclosed porches.
B. 
However, the floor area of a building shall not include:
(1) 
Cellar space, except that cellar space used for retailing shall be included for the purpose of calculating requirements for accessory off-street parking spaces and accessory off-street loading berths.
(2) 
Elevator shafts and stairwells, accessory water tanks and cooling towers.
(3) 
Floor space used for heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment with structural headroom of less than seven feet, six inches.
(4) 
Attic space, whether or not a floor has actually been laid, providing structural headroom of less than seven feet, six inches.
(5) 
Uncovered steps.
(6) 
Terraces, breezeways and open porches.
(7) 
Accessory off-street parking spaces.
FLOOR AREA, NET
The total of all floor areas of a building, excluding HVAC equipment rooms, interior vehicular parking or loading, and all floors below the first or ground floor, except when used or intended to be used for any human habitation or any service to the public.
FLOOR AREA RATIO
The total of all floor areas of the building or buildings of that zoning lot divided by the area of that zoning lot, all in square feet.
FOCAL POINT
See "visual termination."
FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION
A group of people formally organized for a common interest, usually cultural, service, religious or entertainment, with regular meetings, rituals and formal written membership requirements.
GABLE
The part of the end wall of a building between the eaves and a pitched or gambrel roof.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
A building or space used as an accessory to the main building which provides for the storage of motor vehicles, in which no occupation, business or service is conducted.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
A building or part thereof, other than a private garage, used for the storage, care or repair of motor vehicles for profit, including but not limited to the sale of fuels, or accessories, or the hiring of same.
GARDEN APARTMENT
A building or series of buildings under single ownership, with common yards, open spaces, recreation area, garages and parking areas, not more than three stories in height, containing two or more suites of rooms on each floor equipped for separate housekeeping, with a maximum of eight dwelling units per acre; a maximum plot coverage or site coverage of primary and accessory uses, including parking, of 60%; and a maximum height of building of 35 feet. The garden apartment development shall be on a landscaped site designed and erected as an integrated development with singleness of use and operation and which site contains such common facilities as pedestrian walks, open spaces and developed recreation areas in accord with minimum standards stated in this chapter, off-street parking and/or garage facilities consistent with ordinance requirements, complete utility system and free two-way access provided by two or more connections to peripheral public roads.
GATEWAY
A principal point of entrance into a district or neighborhood.
GATEWAY BUILDING
A building located at a gateway and which dramatically marks this entrance or transition through massing, extended height, use of arches or colonnades or other distinguishing features.
GOVERNING BODY
Shall have the same meaning as that contained in the Municipal Land Use Law, N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
GRADE, FINISHED
The completed elevation of surfaces of lawns, walks and pavement as shown on official plans or designs.
HABITABLE FLOOR AREA
The area of all floors of a building measured at the exterior of the walls thereof, excluding cellars, closets, porches, patios, terraces, carports, breezeways, verandas and garages and any other unheated area.
HEALTH CARE FACILITY
A facility or institution, whether public or private, principally engaged in providing services for health maintenance, diagnosis or treatment of human disease, pain, injury, deformity, physical condition, or mental condition, including, but not limited to, a general hospital, public health center, diagnostic center, treatment center, rehabilitation center, extended care facility, skilled nursing home, nursing home, intermediate care facility, tuberculosis hospital, chronic disease hospital, maternity hospital, outpatient clinic, dispensary, home health care agency, boarding home or other homes for sheltered care, and bioanalytical laboratory or central services facility serving one or more such institutions but excluding institutions that provide healing solely by prayer.
HISTORIC PRESERVATION
The process of identifying, evaluating, managing, conserving, maintaining and, when necessary, rehabilitating, stabilizing, restoring and reconstructing historic properties so that they are protected for the use of future generations.
HOME OCCUPATION
Any activity carried out for gain by a resident, conducted as an accessory use in the resident's dwelling.
HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION
A community association, other than a condominium association, which is organized in a development in which individual owners share common interests in open space or facilities.
HORIZONTAL COURSE
See "belt course."
HOTEL/MOTEL
An establishment offering to the general public transient lodging accommodations, including one bathroom to each room, but not including cooking facilities, and which may provide additional services, such as restaurants, meeting rooms, and recreational facilities.
HOUSEKEEPING UNIT
One or more persons who live together in one dwelling unit on a nonseasonal basis and who share living, sleeping, cooking and sanitary facilities on a nonprofit basis, and who intend to be considered and who in fact consider themselves as a bona fide family. Nothing herein shall permit any housekeeping unit to exceed or violate any lawful limits on the number of persons permitted to reside in a particular dwelling.
HUMAN SCALE
The relationship between the dimensions of a building, structure, street, open space, or streetscape element and the average dimensions of the human body.
IMPERVIOUS LOT COVERAGE
A ratio between the area which is improved and overlain by structures and/or materials which results in the reduction and/or prevention of absorption of water into the ground and the lot area, expressed in terms of a percentage of the total area.
INTERESTED PARTY
In the case of a civil proceeding in any court or in an administrative proceeding before a municipal agency, any person, whether residing within or without the municipality, whose right to use, acquire or enjoy property is or may be affected by any action taken under this chapter, or whose rights to use, acquire or enjoy property under this chapter or under any other law of this state or of the United States have been denied, violated or infringed by an action or a failure to act under this chapter.
JUNKYARD
An area or structure used for the collecting, storage, buying, trading or abandonment of any refuse and/or discarded material, or the auctioning, dismantling, demolition, salvaging, cannibalizing, abandonment or processing of structures, automobiles, or other vehicle equipment and machinery or parts thereof; with the deposit of domestic, commercial, industrial or sanitary waste or garbage excluded.
LABORATORY
A structure or rooms equipped for conducting scientific experiments, analysis, examinations, research, testing and/or other experimental technical work.
LINKAGE
A line of communication, such as a pathway, arcade, bridge, alley, etc., linking two areas or neighborhoods which are either distinct or separated by a physical feature (i.e., a railroad line) or a natural feature (i.e., a river).
LINTEL
A horizontal beam over an opening in a masonry wall, either structural or decorative.
LOT
A designated parcel, tract or area of land, including the total area within the lot lines of a tract of land excluding any street rights-of-way.
LOT AREA
The total horizontal area of a parcel of land which is determined by the limits of the lot lines bounding that area and expressed in terms of square feet or acres. Any portion of a lot included in a public right-of-way shall not be included in calculating lot area.
LOT COVERAGE
A ratio between the building area and lot area expressed in terms of a percentage of the total lot area.
LOT DEPTH
The average distance from the front lot line to the rear lot line. For lots where front and rear lines are not parallel, lot depth shall be measured by drawing lines at twenty-foot intervals from the front to the rear lot lines, at right angles to the front lot line, and averaging the length of these lines.
LOT FRONTAGE
The portion nearest the street or coexistent with a street right-of-way line and being the portion of the lot to be used as the front yard requirement on corner lots and through lots; all lot sides of a lot adjacent to streets shall be considered frontage, and yard setback requirements shall be provided as indicated under "yards" in this section. In odd-shaped or triangular-shaped lots or lots fronting upon a cul-de-sac, the length of frontage may be considered to be 2/3 of the required lot width provided at the street right-of-way line.
LOT LINE, FRONT
Any lot line sharing commonality and coexistent with a street right-of-way line. All lot lines coincident with street right-of-way lines shall be considered front lot lines.
LOT LINE, REAR
Any lot line, other than a street line, which is parallel to the front line or within 45° of being parallel to the front lot line. A rear lot line shall also include any lot lines on an offset to a through lot which constitute the rear lot line of an adjacent zoning lot.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between straight lines connecting front and rear lot lines at each side of the lot, measured parallel or nearly so to the front and rear lines so determined and across the rear of the required front yard; provided, however, in the case of lots on the turning circle of cul-de-sac or odd-shaped lots, that width between side lot lines at their foremost points (where they intersect with the street right-of-way line) shall not be less than 2/3 of the required lot width.
MAINTENANCE GUARANTEE
Any security which may be deemed acceptable by the Borough for the maintenance of any improvements required by this chapter, including, but not limited to, surety bonds, letters of credit under the circumstances specified in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.5, and cash, except that the Borough shall not require that a maintenance guarantee be in cash.
MAJOR SITE PLAN
All site plans not defined as minor site plans.
MAJOR SUBDIVISIONS
All subdivisions not classified as minor subdivisions.
MARINE CHANDLERY SUPPLY
A dealer in provisions and supplies or one who makes or sells provisions, supplies or equipment specifically related to ships, boats or relating to navigation of waterways.
MASONRY
Wall building material, such as brick or stone, which is laid up in small units.
MASSING
The three-dimensional bulk of a structure: height, width and depth.
MASTER PLAN
A composite of one or more written or graphic proposals for the development of the municipality as set forth in and adopted pursuant to Section 19 of the Municipal Land Use Law (N.J.S.A. 40:55D-28).
MEDICAL BUILDING
A building that contains establishments dispensing health services.
MINI WAREHOUSE
A building or group of buildings having controlled access and security within a compound, containing various sizes of structures which are compartmentalized and/or controlled-access stalls and/or locker areas for lease to or rent to individuals for storage of goods within a building or buildings.
MINOR SITE PLAN
A development plan of one or more lots which proposes development of a new building or a building alteration and less than five parking spaces and less than 1,000 additional square feet of floor area or a total of not more than ten-percent lot coverage, whichever is less, and which does not involve planned development, any new street or extension of any off-tract improvement which is to be prorated pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-42.
MINOR SUBDIVISION
A subdivision classified as a minor subdivision shall meet the following requirements:
A. 
It shall contain not more than three lots.
B. 
It shall have frontage on an existing street.
C. 
It shall not involve any new street or road or the extension of municipal facilities.
D. 
It shall not adversely affect the development of the remainder of the parcel or adjoining property.
NATURAL RESOURCE INVENTORY
A complete physiographic portrait of a municipality, including its geography, topography, hydrology, soil and vegetation, as well as man-made factors which influence the environment.
NONCONFORMING LOT
A lot or parcel which does not conform to the minimum standard for the zone in which it is located or the use to which it is being put.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE
A structure the size, dimension or location of which was lawful prior to the adoption, revision or amendment of a zoning ordinance but which fails to conform to the requirements of the zoning district in which it is located by reasons of such adoption, revision or amendment.
NONCONFORMING USE
A use or activity which was lawful prior to the adoption, revision or amendment of a zoning ordinance but which exact same use fails, by reason of such adoption, revision or amendment, to conform to the present requirements of the zoning district.
NURSING, REST, CONVALESCENT HOME
An extended- or intermediate-care facility licensed or approved to provide full-time convalescent or chronic care to individuals who, by reason of advanced age, chronic illness or infirmity, are unable to care for themselves.
OCCUPANCY
The specific purpose for which land or a building is used, designed or maintained.
OFF SITE
Located outside the lot lines of the lot in question but within the property (of which the lot is a part) which is the subject of a development application or contiguous portion of a street or right-of-way.
OFF-STREET PARKING SPACE
An off-street parking area for vehicles, including the storage area of each vehicle and necessary maneuvering area of each vehicle. Space for maneuvering incidental to parking or unloading shall not encroach upon any public way. Every off-street parking facility shall be accessible from a public way.
OFF TRACT
Not located on the property which is the subject of a development application or on a contiguous portion of a street or right-of-way.
ON SITE
Located on the lot in question.
ON TRACT
Located on the property which is the subject of a development application or on a contiguous portion of a street or right-of-way.
ONE-HUNDRED-YEAR FLOOD ZONE
The area which is outside the floodway and is flooded with an average frequency of one or more times in each 100 years as determined by the Federal Emergency Management Area (FEMA) and Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM).
OPEN SPACE
Any parcel or area of land or water essentially unimproved and set aside, dedicated, designated or reserved for public or private use or enjoyment, or for the use and enjoyment of owners and occupants of land adjoining or neighboring such open space. Such areas shall be exclusive of required front, side and rear yards, streets, driveways, man-made stormwater management facilities, parking areas or loading or storing areas.
OPEN SPACE, PUBLIC
An area of land other than a public street owned by a public agency and maintained by it for the use and enjoyment of the general public.
OVERLAY ZONE
A land planning tool similar to traditional zoning which establishes additional performance standards and criteria for developments in specified areas to achieve stated goals.
PARKING AREA
Any public or private land area designed and used for parking motor vehicles, including parking lots, garages, private driveways and legally designated areas of public streets.
PARKING SPACE
An off-street space for the parking of a motor vehicle, with minimum dimensions of nine feet by 18 feet.
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE
Any security which may be accepted by a municipality, including but not limited to surety bonds, letters of credit under the circumstances specified in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-53.5, and cash, in an amount not to exceed 120% of the cost of installation of all improvements as estimated by the Borough Engineer, provided that the Borough shall not require more than 10% of a performance guarantee to be in cash.
PERSONAL SERVICES
Establishments primarily engaged in providing services involving the care of a person or his or her apparel, including but not limited to laundry, dry cleaning and garment services, coin-operated laundries, photographic studios, beauty shops, barber shops, shoe repair, and exercise clubs, provided that, except as permitted by any licensing act of the State of New Jersey, no service involves contact with any unclothed portion of a person other than his or her scalp, face, arms, hands, legs below the knees, feet or neck.
PHILANTHROPIC USES
Those active services or functions exclusively devoted to the active effort to promote human welfare, maintained or supported by act or gift or organized distribution of funds.
PILASTER
A column partially embedded in a wall, usually nonstructural.
PITCH
The angle of slope of a roof.
PLACE OF WORSHIP
See "church."
PLANNED RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
An area of a minimum contiguous size, as specified by ordinance, to be planned and developed as a single entity and containing one or more residential clusters; appropriate public or quasi-public uses may be included if such uses are primarily for the benefit of the residential development.
PLANNED UNIT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
An area with a specified minimum contiguous or noncontiguous acreage of five acres or more to be developed as a single entity according to a plan containing one or more residential clusters, which may include appropriate commercial or public or quasi-public uses all primarily for the benefit of the residential development as authorized in N.J.S.A. 40:55D-65(c).
[Added 10-2-2012 by Ord. No. 12-1840]
PORTICO
An open-sided structure attached to a building sheltering an entrance or serving as a semi-enclosed space.
PREEXISTING SIGN PLATE
Applies only to preexisting buildings in the CBD and C Districts and shall mean an area on the facade of the building that has been used for signage and is a panel or material, such as metal or concrete, of a composition distinct from the balance of the facade, and is located above the front entrance or windows of the buildings.
PRELIMINARY APPROVAL
The conferral of certain rights prior to final approval after specific elements of a development plan have been approved by the relevant board.
PRESERVATION PLAN
The application and accompanying documents required by this chapter to be submitted to the Historic Preservation Commission for approval of any action which:
A. 
Affects property with historic preservation potential;
B. 
Affects an exterior portion of such property visible from a public way within the Borough; and
C. 
Would require site plan approval if not otherwise exempt from such approval.
PRESERVATION STRUCTURE
A structure more than 50 years old which:
A. 
Is associated with persons, events or architecture which made a contribution to the broad patterns of our history;
B. 
Reflects architecture of a distinctive character with respect to type, period or method of construction; or
C. 
Has yielded or is likely to yield information important to our history. The oldest part of the structure shall determine the age of the structure for this purpose.
PROFESSIONAL OFFICE
The office or studio of a member of a recognized profession, including the offices of physicians, dentists, ministers, lawyers, architects, professional engineers, and such similar professional nontrade occupations. The issuance of a state or local license for regulations of any gainful occupation is not to be deemed solely indicative of professional standing.
PROPERTY LINE
A lot or parcel line that defines the limits of ownership.
PROPORTION
The relationship or ratio between two dimensions, i.e., width of street to height of building wall or width to height of window.
A. 
Public parks, playgrounds, trails, paths and other recreational areas;
B. 
Other public open spaces;
C. 
Scenic and historic sites;
D. 
Sites for school and other public buildings and structures, including the uses of all municipal, county, state, regional and federal government agencies; and
E. 
Public rights-of-way, cartways and easements.
PUBLIC VIEWSHED
That which is reasonably visible, under average conditions, to the average observer located on any public land or right-of-way, or on any semipublic or private space which is normally accessible to the general public.
QUASI-PUBLIC
Facilities utilized by members of nonprofit organizations and which are open to the general public, such as but not limited to religious organizations, veterans' organizations, fraternal organizations and other institutions or organizations of similar type but not necessarily belonging to the aforementioned categories.
QUOINS
Corner treatment for exterior walls, either in masonry or frame buildings.
RECREATION, ACTIVE
Leisure-time activities, usually of a more formal nature and performed with others, often requiring equipment and taking place at prescribed places, sites or fields.
RECREATION, PASSIVE
Any leisure-time activity not considered active.
REMOVAL
To partially or completely move a structure substantially intact.
RESIDENTIAL CLUSTER
An area to be developed as a single entity according to a plan containing residential housing units which have a common or public open space area as an appointment.
RESTAURANT
An establishment regularly and principally used for the purpose of providing meals to the public, having an adequate kitchen and dining room equipped for the preparing, cooking and serving of foods for its customers, and in which no other business, except such as is incidental to such establishment, is conducted, wherein the food and drink are consumed within the principal building. Such uses shall not be interpreted to include and are hereby defined to exclude drive-in restaurants or other similar uses where customers and patrons are served food, soft drinks or ice cream for their immediate consumption outside the confines of the building or structure in which the business is conducted. Restaurant establishments shall provide for traditional table services for made-to-order food.
RESTAURANT, CARRY-OUT
An establishment where customers are served food, soft drinks, coffee, tea and /or ice cream and ice cream products for consumption off the premises of the building or structure in which the business is conducted, and not within that building or structure. No customer seating and/or tables of any kind are found in a carry-out restaurant.
[Added 2-15-2011 by Ord. No. 11-1803]
RESTAURANT, FAST FOOD
An establishment which has one or more of the following characteristics:
A. 
Serves primarily ready-to-eat foods, frozen desserts, or beverages in edible or paper, plastic, or disposable containers;
B. 
Usually serves foods over a general service counter or take-out counter that customers carry to the restaurant's seating facilities, to motor vehicles or off premises;
C. 
Devotes 45% or more of the establishment's gross floor area to food preparation, storage, or related activities; or
D. 
Serves foods through a drive-in or drive-through window.
RETAIL BUSINESS
An establishment that sells goods, merchandise or products, or performs services incidentally related to the sale of such goods, merchandise or products, to general public customers for personal or household consumption.
RETAIL SERVICES
Establishments providing services or facilities, as opposed to products, to the general public, including eating and drinking places, hotels and motels, finance, real estate and insurance, personal services, motion pictures, amusements and recreation services, health, educational and social services, museums and galleries.
RETAINING WALL
A structure that is designed and constructed to stabilize two generally horizontal surfaces which are vertically displaced, and which shall be either a landscape retaining wall or structural retaining wall:
A. 
A retaining wall less than three feet in height, which does not support any site improvement within three feet of the top of the wall;
B. 
A retaining wall greater than three feet in height or a retaining wall with any site improvement located within a distance from the top of the wall equal to the height of the retaining wall.
RHYTHM
The effect obtained through repetition of architectural elements such as building height, rooflines or side yard setbacks; of streetscape elements such as decorative lampposts; or of natural elements such as street trees.
RHYTHM OF SOLIDS TO VOIDS
The relationship between the solid portions of a building facade and the voids formed by doors, windows, other openings and recesses. May also refer to the relationship between building mass (solids) and side yard setbacks (voids) along a street.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
The horizontal and vertical area delimited by a line coexistent with the property line of other lands or right-of-way. Such lands may be of public holding for road or highway or public utility use or private holding for the location of private, commercial, collective or distributive provision of utilities.
ROOMING HOUSE
Any residence, building or any part thereof containing one or more rooming units in which space is let by the owner or operator to more than two persons who are not members of the family.
ROOMING UNIT
Any room or group of rooms forming a single habitable unit used or intended to be used for living and/or sleeping but not for cooking or eating purposes.
SCHOOL
A public, parochial or private nursery, day care, elementary, secondary, college or university educational institution offering a diploma, degree or certificate subject to regulations prescribed by the State of New Jersey, Department of Education, supported in whole or part by public funds and/or nonprofit quasi-public agencies.
SETBACK
The minimum horizontal distance between the street, rear or side lines of the lot and the front, rear or side setback line. When two or more lots under one ownership are used, the exterior property lines so grouped shall be used in determining setbacks. The setback distance shall be equal to the required yard depth.
SETBACK LINE
A line within any lot parallel to any street or property line between which line and the street or property line no building or portion thereof may be erected except as otherwise provided for in this chapter.
SIDEWALK
A paved path provided for pedestrian use and usually located at the side of a road within a right-of-way.
SIDEWALK DISPLAY
The outdoor display of merchandise for sale by a commercial establishment. The displayed merchandise must be similar to the merchandise sold within the establishment.
SIGHT TRIANGLE
Triangular-shaped portion of land established at street intersections, in which nothing is erected, placed, planted or allowed to grow between a height of 30 inches and 15 feet above the ground elevation in such a manner as to limit or obstruct the sight distance of motorists entering or leaving the intersection.
SIGN
Any structure or part thereof or any device attached to a structure, which shall display or include any letter, work, model, banner, pennant, flag, insignia, device or representation used as or which is in the nature of an announcement, direction or advertisement. A sign includes any billboard but does not include the flag, pennant or insignia of any nation, group of nations, or of any state, city or other political unit, or any temporary political, educational, charitable, philanthropic, civic, religious or like campaign, drive, movement or event sign.
SIGNABLE AREA
The area or areas on a commercial building facade where signs may be placed without disrupting facade composition. The signable area will often include panels at the top of show windows, transoms over storefront doors and windows, signboards on fascias, and areas between the top of the storefront and the sills of second-story windows.
SIGN, ADVERTISING AND/OR COMMERCIAL
Any sign which is owned and operated by any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of outdoor advertising for direct profit gained from the rental of such signs, or any sign advertising a commodity not sold or produced on the premises. This shall include billboards and off-premises signs indicating the direction to a particular place, as well as any interior message or display with greater than twelve-inch letters or logo which is visible from the exterior of the building structure.
SIGN, AREA OF
The area included within the frame or edge of the sign. Where the sign has no such frame or edge, the area shall be defined by an enclosed four-sided (straight sides) geometric shape which most closely outlines the sign. In the case of lettering attached to building facades, the sign area shall be the product of the maximum horizontal dimension of all lettering and symbols multiplied by the vertical dimension of all lettering and symbols which form the sign.
SIGN, BILLBOARD
A sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered at a location other than the premises on which the sign is located.
SIGN, DIRECTIONAL
Signs limited to directional messages, principally for pedestrian or vehicular traffic, such as but not limited to "one-way," "entrance" and "exit," etc.
SIGN, DIRECTORY
A sign, located at or near the main entrance of a premises, giving the floor, suite number and/or location of the occupants of a building or premises.
[Added 3-15-2011 by Ord. No. 11-1806]
SIGN FASCIA
The vertical surface of a lintel over a storefront which is suitable for sign attachment.
SIGN, FREESTANDING
Any nonmovable sign not affixed to a building.
SIGN, GRAPHIC
See "sign, icon."
SIGN, GROUND
Any sign supported by uprights or braces and not attached to any building.
SIGN, ICON
A sign that illustrates by its shape the nature of the business conducted within.
SIGN, ILLUMINATED
A sign lighted by or exposed to artificial lighting either by lights on or in the sign or directed toward the sign.
SIGN, NAMEPLATE
A sign located on the premises giving the name or address, or both, of the owner or occupant of a building or premises.
SIGN, POLITICAL
A temporary sign announcing or supporting political candidates or issues in connection with any national, state or local election.
SIGN, PORTABLE
A sign that is not permanent or affixed to a building, structure or the ground.
SIGN, PROJECTING
A sign that is wholly or partly dependent upon a building for support and which projects more than 12 inches from such building.
SIGN, REAL ESTATE
A sign pertaining to the sale or lease of the premises or a portion of the premises on which the sign is located.
SIGN, ROOF
A sign that is mounted on the roof of a building or which is wholly dependent upon a building for support and which projects above the point of a building with a flat roof, the eave line of a building with a gambrel, gable or hip roof, or the deckline of a building with a mansard roof.
SIGN, WINDOW
A sign that is applied or attached to the exterior or interior of a window or located in such a manner within a building that it can be seen from the exterior of the structure through a window.
SITE DISTURBANCE
Any grading, tree and vegetation removal, building of structures, creation of impervious surfaces or other related activity which results in changes to the land surface.
SITE PLAN
A development plan of one or more lots on which is shown details required pursuant to this chapter.
SKETCH PLAT
A map of subdivision of sufficient accuracy to be used for the purpose of discussion and classification of the application.
STEEP SLOPED AREAS
Any area with a slope of 10% or greater.
STORY
That part of a building between the surface of any floor and the next floor above it or, in its absence, then the finished ceiling or roof above it. A "split level" story shall be considered a second story if its floor level is six feet or more above the level of the line of the finished floor next below it except a cellar. Any floor under a sloping roof at the top of a building which is more than two feet below the top plate shall be counted as a story.
STORY, HALF
That portion of a building under a gable, hip or gambrel roof, the wall plates of which at least two opposite exterior walls are not more than two feet above the floor of such half story. A cellar shall also be included as a half story.
STREAM
The bed and bank of any perennially or intermittent flowing watercourse, including rivers, streams, brooks and ponds.
STREAM CORRIDOR
The bed, bank and one-hundred-year flood zone of a stream.
STREAM CORRIDOR PROTECTION OVERLAY ZONE
Required to be delineated as the most restrictive limit of the two distances established in accordance with § 230-148A
STREAM ENCROACHMENT LINE
A line, described by metes and bounds, which defines the boundary between the floodway and flood-fringe area in a nondelineated floodplain and customarily marks the limit of disturbance to be placed in a delineated floodplain.
STREET
Any road, avenue, street, lane, boulevard, alley or other way set aside or commonly used for access to abutting property, improved or unimproved. Such common ways shall have been duly inspected, approved, accepted and recorded and dedicated to the public use.
STREET FURNITURE
Functional elements of the streetscape, including but not limited to benches, trash receptacles, planters, telephone booths, kiosks, signposts, streetlights, bollards and removable enclosures.
STREET LINE
That line determining the limit of the highway rights of the public, either existing or contemplated. Where a definite right-of-way width has not been established, the street lines shall be assumed to be at a point 25 feet from the center line of the existing pavement.
STREETSCAPE
The built and planted elements of a street which define its character.
STRING COURSE
See "belt course."
STRUCTURE
A combination of materials to form a construction that is safe and stable and includes among other affixed things, a stadium, platform, radio towers, buildings, billboards, freestanding signs, sheds, storage bins, swimming pools, and fences which are more than 50% solid.
SWIMMING POOL, PRIVATE
Any body of water, tank or receptacle for water, whether artificially or semi-artificially constructed or portable, having a depth at any point greater than 18 inches or having over 120 square feet of area or larger than 12 feet in diameter, used or intended to be used for swimming or bathing solely by the owner, his family and guests of the household, and constructed, installed, established or maintained inside or outside any building in or above the ground upon any premises as an accessory use to the residence.
SYNAGOGUE
See "church."
TAVERN
A place where the principal use or function is the selling of alcoholic beverages and incident thereto may be retail sale or consumption of food as a permitted use consistent with N.J.S.A. 33:1-12 et seq.
TEMPLE
See "church."
TEMPORARY STRUCTURE
A structure without any foundation or footings and which is removed when the designated time period, activity or use for which the temporary structure was erected has ceased.
TEMPORARY USE
A use established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue use upon the expiration of the time period.
TEXTURE
The exterior finish of a surface, ranging from smooth to coarse.
USE
The specific purpose for which land or a building is designed, arranged, intended or for which it is or may be occupied or maintained.
VARIANCE
Permission to depart from the literal requirements of a zoning ordinance.
VISUALLY IMPERVIOUS
A buffering or screening device which partially or totally blocks the view to or from adjacent sites by a discernible factor ranging up to 100%.
VISUAL TERMINATION
A point terminating a vista or view, often at the end of a straight street or coinciding with a bend.
WADING POOL
Any artificially constructed pool, not designed or used for swimming, with a maximum depth of 18 inches.
WALKWAY
A path provided for pedestrian use through a site.
A. 
The vertical exterior surface of a building;
B. 
Vertical interior surfaces which divide a building's space into rooms;
C. 
Architectural wall, which shall mean a structure used for enclosing or screening adjacent property, usually with a generally solid surface, continuously supported by the ground through the use of footings or other similar supports; and
D. 
Retaining wall (see definitions under "retaining wall").
WAREHOUSE
A building used primarily for the storage of goods and materials.
YARD, FRONT
An open, unoccupied space on the same lot with the principal building, extending the full width of the lot and situated between the street line and the front line of the building projected to the side lines of that lot. Front setback line shall be synonymous with the front yard line. Front setback requirements shall apply to all street frontages of a corner lot.
YARD, REAR
The open space extending across the full width of the lot and lying between the rear line of the lot and the nearest line of any building. The depth of a rear yard shall be measured at right angles to the rear wall of the building to the nearest point of the rear lot line.
YARD, SIDE
An open, unoccupied space between the side line of the lot and the nearest line of a building and extending from the front yard to the rear yard or, in the absence of either such yards, to the street or rear lot lines as the case may be. The width of a side yard will be measured at right angles to the side line of the lot.
ZONING OFFICER
The person within the administrative offices of the municipality, so designated by job title classification.
ZONING PERMIT
A document signed by the Zoning Officer:
A. 
Which is required by this chapter as a condition precedent to the commencement of a use or the erection, construction, reconstruction, alteration, conversion or installation of a structure or building; and
B. 
Which acknowledges that such use, structure or building complies with the provisions of the Zoning Ordinance or variance therefrom duly authorized by the municipal approving agency.