Town of Winneconne, WI
Winnebago County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Winneconne 10-20-1994 as §§ 8.01, 8.02, 8.04, 8.05, 8.06, 8.10 and 9.14 of the 1994 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Numbering of buildings — See Ch. 124.
Comprehensive Plan — See Ch. 146.
Official Road Map — See Ch. 225.
Sewers — See Ch. 252.
Site plan review — See Ch. 258.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 275.
Attachment 1 - Typical Road Section Diagrams Attachment 2 - Appendix A
A. 
Permit required. An excavation permit shall be obtained before any person shall excavate or dig upon or in any Town road or public right-of-way, excluding federal, state and county highways. The excavation permit shall be obtained by the person or his contractor performing the work. The Town Highway Superintendent[1] is hereby authorized to issue such permits.
[1]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
B. 
Form of application. An application shall give the following information and such other information as shall be required:
(1) 
The purpose of the proposed excavation.
(2) 
The location where the proposed excavation is to be made.
(3) 
The type of surfacing on the road or public right-of-way in which the excavation is proposed to be made.
(4) 
The proposed date that work is to commence.
(5) 
The name and address of the applicant.
(6) 
Such application shall contain and it shall be the duty of the applicant and his contractor to comply with the following provisions: "The undersigned covenant and agree that if permission to excavate shall be granted to the undersigned as requested hereby, then in consideration thereof, we will:
(a) 
Place or cause to be placed suitable and adequate warning and safety devices, barricades and lights in such places, in such quantity and of such kind or nature as provided in § 270-1F, so long as such excavation is unsurfaced or remains a hazard to traffic of any kind upon such road or public right-of-way.
(b) 
Open the excavation by neat saw joints through the concrete or asphalt surface course.
(c) 
Close and backfill such excavation and replace the surface of such road in accordance with § 270-1H.
(d) 
Indemnify and hold harmless the Town from any damages it may be required to pay on account of injury to person or property caused by the applicant or his agent in the process of excavation."
C. 
Report of utility facilities required. Whenever any person while so excavating, digging in or upon or removing any material from any Town road or public right-of-way shall uncover, strike, disturb or discover any pipe, cable, conduit casing or other object used to transmit gas, water, sewer, electric energy or other products, he shall report the fact immediately to the owner of such facility and the Town Highway Superintendent[2] before progressing further with the excavation or removal. When such facilities are removed, cut or damaged, the person, at his own expense, shall cause them to be replaced or repaired as the owner of the facility shall direct.
[2]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
D. 
Duty of Highway Superintendent.[3] Upon receipt of the report required in Subsection C above, the Highway Superintendent shall make a preliminary inspection of the utility facility so discovered, struck, disturbed or damaged and notify the proper owner of the facility maintaining the same, if not previously notified by the excavator, for a more complete inspection to determine any damage that might have occurred due to the excavation work being done.
[3]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
E. 
Appeal to Town Board. If any applicant for a permit is refused, he shall have the right to appeal to the Town Board for such permit by filing a written notice of appeal with the Town Clerk within 10 days of such refusal. The Town Board shall act on such appeal within 30 days of the receipt of such request. The Town Clerk shall notify the appellant in writing at least two days prior to the Town Board meeting at which such appeal is to be considered, giving the time and place of the Board meeting.
F. 
Protection of public.
(1) 
All barricades and protective and warning devices shall comply with the Wisconsin Statutes and the administrative rules of the Department of Commerce and the Division of Highways of the Department of Transportation.
(2) 
All excavations, removals and barricade placements must permit at least one lane of traffic at least 12 feet wide. Any deviation from this requirement requires written permission from the Town Highway Superintendent.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
G. 
Excavated material. Material from the excavation shall be placed where the least practicable inconvenience to the public or traffic will be caused and so as to permit the free passage of water through culverts and ditches. Excess spoil shall be removed as soon as possible from the areas of excavation work.
H. 
Excavation backfilling. The backfilling of the excavation shall be accomplished as follows:
(1) 
The excavation shall be filled from the bottom to one foot above the pipe or conduit with fine granular material which shall be well tamped to preclude any settlement.
(2) 
The remainder of the excavation backfilling may consist of suitable native soil properly compacted to avoid settlement. All roots, rocks, large stones, debris or other unsuitable material which would cause interference with the compaction shall not be used and shall be removed from the site as soon as possible. This backfilling shall be made as soon as possible after the granular backfill and shall be compacted in layers not to exceed 12 inches in depth.
(3) 
On all Town roads with gravel surface, the permittee or his contractor shall complete the compacted backfill to approximately six inches below grade and immediately place six inches of compacted gravel surfacing.
(4) 
On Town roads surfaced with asphalt or concrete, the permittee or his contractor shall complete the compacted backfill to the subbase course. The subbase course and the permanent surfacing of concrete or asphalt shall then be placed to permanently repair the road surface by the permittee or his contractor. Any settlement of the area so repaired shall be repaired at the expense of the permittee for a period of one year from the date of the original repairs.
(5) 
Immediately after placing the surface course, all debris or excess materials shall be removed and the area opened to traffic.
I. 
Emergency excavations authorized. In the event of an emergency, any person owning or controlling any sewer, water main, conduit, pipe, cables or other underground facilities in or under any Town road or public right-of-way and his agents or employees may take any immediate proper emergency measures to remedy dangerous conditions for the protection of property, life, health or safety without obtaining an excavation permit, provided that such person shall apply for an excavation permit not later than the end of the next succeeding business day.
A. 
Established. No culverts shall be installed on Town roads for the purpose of private drives without a permit having been issued by the Town Culvert Inspector. No building permit shall be issued until a culvert permit is issued or a determination has been made by the Town Culvert Inspector that no culvert is required for the parcel to have access to the Town road. The permit fee shall be established from time to time by the Town Board.
B. 
Culvert specifications. Culverts shall be of galvanized steel, shall not be less than 15 inches in diameter nor less than 24 feet in length, and shall not be longer than 36 feet in length. End walls are recommended but are not required unless the Culvert Inspector determines that they are needed.
C. 
Diameter and grade. The diameter and grade of culvert is to be set and determined by the Culvert Inspector. The Inspector will set hubs for grade prior to installation and will inspect the culvert after installation to determine that it has been properly set and installed.
D. 
Culvert bedding and cover. Culverts shall be covered by crushed stone free of soil or other foreign matter to a depth established by the Culvert Inspector. The necessity of bedding stone below the culvert shall be determined by the Culvert Inspector.
E. 
Variance. Any application for variance from the above requirements or for appeal from the requirements established by the Culvert Inspector shall be addressed to the Town Board and filed with the Culvert Inspector. The Culvert Inspector in consultation with the Town Chairman will set the application for consideration by the Town Board as promptly as practical within 45 days of the application date.
F. 
Any such culverts or driveways installed pursuant to this section or installed with a permit or fee required under this section, for that portion of the driveway and culvert extending from the owner's property line to the road right-of-way, must not be constructed of any concrete or cement, but rather such culverts or driveways should be constructed of asphalt, stone and gravel, or some other similar construction materials that allow for relatively easy destruction, removal, and reconstruction.
[Added 5-18-2000]
A. 
No person shall fill or obstruct any ditch alongside of Town roads with any dirt or debris whatsoever.
B. 
No landowner abutting upon any Town road shall cultivate, plow or remove soil from his land in such manner as to obstruct or fill any ditch alongside of any Town road.
C. 
Any person causing damage to any culvert, ditch or other Town property shall, in addition to any penalty imposed, be responsible for the costs of restoring such property to its original condition.
[Amended 8-15-1996; 10-18-2001; 5-19-2005; 6-19-2008]
Any road constructed in the Town of Winneconne shall comply with and meet all of the minimum standards set forth below before the Town Board of the Town of Winneconne will consider an application for it to become part of the Town road system. A written application is required for the Town Board to consider any road to become part of the Town road system. It is in the public interest for the Town of Winneconne to establish minimum design standards for roads, streets and highways constructed in the Town to accommodate anticipated traffic and afford satisfactory access to police, fire-fighting, snow removal, sanitation, and road maintenance equipment.
A. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
APPROACH
That portion of road extending 100 feet on each side of a culvert or bridge.
BASE COURSE
The supporting base material of the roadway, including shoulder.
DRAINAGE
The gradual drying of highway by system ditches, trenches, channels, etc.
GRADE
The rate of ascent or descent of roadway.
HIGHWAY
The road or way over which the public generally has a right to pass, to include the complete right-of-way.
ROAD BED
The whole material laid in place and ready for travel.
ROADWAY
The traveled portion of the highway.
SUBGRADE
The earthen portion of roadway under base course.
SURFACE
The top of the roadway, or traveled surface.
B. 
Applicability. This section shall be applicable to all highways laid out by or approved by the Town Board after adoption of this section, including but not limited to any highways dedicated in plats for proposed subdivisions submitted for review pursuant to Ch. 236, Wis. Stats., any private highways being donated to the Town, and any other highways being accepted by the Town as public highways in the Town.
C. 
Minimum road design standards.
(1) 
General.
(a) 
All work shall be done in accordance with the State of Wisconsin Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Highway and Structure Construction, latest edition except as follows:
[1] 
All gravel used for street construction shall contain no more than 9.5% P200.
[2] 
Prior to placing the base course, the contractor shall supply the Town Engineer with a gradation report for the stockpile to be used. During construction the Town may take samples for testing.
(b) 
The following minimum design standards shall apply under this section: all Town highways shall be classified as local roads unless designated by the Town Board as collector or arterial. The classification of all roads under this section shall be within the complete discretion of the Town Board considering such factors as traffic count, character of anticipated traffic, and relation of highway to traffic patterns within the Town and other highway systems. It is intended that local be the lowest traffic count with access to private property as its principal function. Collector highways are intended to be highways acting as collectors from local roads to higher priority roads or developed areas. Arterials are intended to serve as corridors through the Town serving intraregional and interarea traffic movement.
Maximum Allowable Grade of Roadway
(percent)
Classification
Residential Development/Land Usage
Commercial or Industrial Development/Land Usage
With Curb and Gutter
Without Curb and Gutter
With Curb and Gutter
Without Curb and Gutter
Local
10
10
8
8
Collector
8
8
6
6
Arterial
6
6
6
6
Minimum Centerline Radius of Horizontal Curve
(feet)
Classification
Residential Development/Land Usage
Commercial or Industrial Development/Land Usage
With Curb and Gutter
Without Curb and Gutter
With Curb and Gutter
Without Curb and Gutter
Local
100
100
200
200
Collector
100
100
200
200
Arterial
300
300
400
400
Corner Radii at Intersections (feet)*
Residential Development/Land Usage
Commercial or Industrial Development/Land Usage
With Curb
and Gutter
Without Curb
and Gutter
With Curb
and Gutter
Without Curb
and Gutter
25
30
25
30
NOTES:
*Intersections with county and state highways may require larger radii.
Minimum Length of Vertical Curve
Classification
Requirement
Local
20 feet for each 1% algebraic difference in grade, in percent; none required for under 2% algebraic difference in grade
Collector
50 feet for each 1% algebraic difference in grade
Arterial
50 feet for each 1% algebraic difference in grade
Design Speed (MPH) for Residential, Commercial and Industrial
Classification
Preferred
Minimum
Local
30
20**
Collector
55
30**
Arterial
55
40**
NOTES:
**The Town Board may make exceptions to these requirements based on topography and/or site limitations. The developer shall supply the Town of Winneconne with the design speed per the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Facilities Development Manual.
(2) 
Construction process. Prior to any construction occurring, the developer shall execute the following with the Town:
(a) 
Prior to any construction occurring, the developer shall provide the Town of Winneconne a letter of credit or an escrow account in the amount equal to the estimated cost plus 20% as provided by the developer and approved by the Town Board for all road construction, including equipment, labor and materials. These costs, at a minimum, shall include gravel, seed, fertilizer and mulch, signage, erosion, control, paving and shouldering. The additional 20% is provided for unanticipated increases in construction costs, Town engineering and attorney's fees. On an annual basis, or until the public improvements have been accepted by the Town of Winneconne, the letter of credit or escrow account shall be provided by the developer and reviewed by the Town on an annual basis with necessary adjustments provided due to changes in cost of material, labor or other related costs.
[Amended 12-18-2008]
(b) 
Road construction plans must be approved by the Town of Winneconne, in writing, prior to construction commencing.
[Amended 12-18-2008]
(c) 
Road construction shall take place only between May 1 and November 1 of each year. All roads shall be constructed to subgrade within one year of the date of approval of the final plat. Subgrade materials will lie without application of an asphalt surface until the following spring (subgrades must winter-over). Before application of an asphalt surface, the subgrade must pass a proof roll test and be accepted by the Town Highway Superintendent.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
(d) 
Road construction in subdivisions will be in accordance with the following schedule. Where subgrades have satisfied the winter-over and proof roll requirements above, asphalt must be applied by August 31.
[Amended 12-18-2008]
[1] 
The final paving shall be installed when occupancy permits have been issued for 70% of the properties in the subdivision or when greater than 20% of the available properties have occupancy permits and three years have elapsed since approval of the final plat, whichever comes first. The asphalt binder is required after the first year regardless of lot occupancy.
[2] 
In the event that less than 20% of the land is developed, and three years have elapsed since the approval of the final plat, the Town Board may require final paving of the road in conformance with this subsection. The developer shall then be required to construct the road in conformance with all Town ordinances and resolutions.
[a] 
The Developer shall guarantee the improvements under this subsection for a period of three years from the date of final acceptance by the Town Board. This guarantee shall include total and complete restoration of any disturbed surface or component of the improvement to the standard provided in the construction documents per § 275-45 and ordinance specifications.
[b] 
If the developer fails to make required replacement or repairs, or the repairs or replacement are not completed to the Town’s satisfaction, the Town shall have the option of making the repairs and collecting the costs of the replacement or repairs through any legal means available to the Town.
[c] 
Prior to final acceptance of the public improvements, a letter of credit or escrow account shall be provided by the Developer in the amount of 15% of the final cost of construction. The Town has the ability to draw upon the letter of credit and/or escrow account for any costs or expenses it incurs in making replacement or repairs.
(3) 
Culverts. Prior to installation of culverts, the following conditions must be met:
(a) 
Private entrance culverts shall be installed by the following requirements:
[1] 
The owner shall designate with flagged stakes at each end where the culvert is to be placed.
[2] 
The Town officer will view site and designate size and length with end walls (minimum equivalent size culvert of 18 inches).
[3] 
Any culvert installed over 30 feet in length the Town may require an oversized culvert or a cleanout placed in the middle of culvert and level with driveway surface. No culvert shall exceed 36 feet in length without written approval of the Town Board.
[4] 
The owner shall secure culvert and end walls and notify the Town Board when they are on site.
[5] 
The owner's contractor shall supply and install steel culverts with end walls. Installation shall include excavation, bedding, placement of new culvert with end walls and all necessary hardware, backfill of trench and restoration of ditch and side slopes and other areas disturbed by construction.
[6] 
Topsoil shall be filled in behind end walls to provide a blended appearance.
[7] 
Culverts shall be protected from sediment until vegetation is established and the installation is accepted by the Town of Winneconne. Any sediment deposits found in the culverts shall be removed prior to Town of Winneconne's acceptance.
[8] 
If the culvert is set incorrectly or if there are sediment deposits left within the Town of Winneconne's right-of-way, the Town of Winneconne will clean the ditch and set the culvert (if applicable) to facilitate proper drainage at the current fee set by the Town Board.
[9] 
When all above are complete and the owner pays installation, the permit will be issued.
(b) 
Concrete fences, gates, lighting or other objects are not allowed on the Town right-of-way. Concrete driveway aprons are allowed if the concrete surface is below the asphalt surface. The Town of Winneconne is not responsible for damage to concrete surface for snowplowing activities.
[Amended 12-18-2008]
(4) 
Collector or arterial roads. Any road must comply with all the minimum standards set forth below before the Town Board of the Town of Winneconne will consider an application for any road to become part of the Town road system. This shall apply to applications for approval of plats and/or certified survey maps (CSM) with road construction involved.
(a) 
There shall be an eighty-foot right-of-way.
(b) 
All roads designated as collector or arterial shall be designed to be through roads. Any termination due to phasing shall have a fifty-foot radius graveled and a forty-seven-foot radius paved, temporary turnaround installed.
(c) 
All topsoil shall be stripped and removed from the right-of-way.
(d) 
Suitable subsoil material excavated from ditches shall be used for the leveling of the subgrade.
(e) 
All ditches shall be generally designed to be cut 2.5 feet below edge of pavement elevation and graded to permit proper drainage with gradual slopes at a grade not less than 0.7% per approval street plans.
(f) 
Cross culverts shall be placed in the roadway to facilitate drainage of the roadway, where necessary, per the approved drainage plan. Culverts shall be corrugated steel metal pipe with associated steel metal end-walls.
(g) 
Collector or arterial roads constructed in the Town of Winneconne must have:
[1] 
Eleven inches of two-and-one-half-inch breaker run (Gradation 1).
[2] 
Six inches of three-fourths-inch crushed run (Gradation 2).
[3] 
Geotextile fabric.
(h) 
The travel portion of the road must be 24 feet wide of four-inch compacted asphalt surface (1.75 inches surface and 2.25 inches of binder).
(i) 
Asphalt surface must have a three-foot shoulder on each side consisting of three-fourths-inch crusher run material (Gradation 2).
(5) 
Local road standards. Any road must comply with all the minimum standards set forth below before the Town Board of the Town of Winneconne will consider an applications for any road to become part of the Town road system. This shall apply to applications for approval of plats and/or certified survey maps (CSM) with road construction involved.
(a) 
There shall be a sixty-six-foot right-of-way.
(b) 
Any permanent dead-end road shall have a sixty-six-foot radius right-of-way (forty-seven-foot radius pavement, fifty-foot radius graveled) cul-de-sac at terminus. Any temporary termination of roadways shall have a forty-seven-foot radius pavement and fifty-foot radius graveled, temporary turnaround installed.
(c) 
All topsoil shall be stripped and removed from the right-of-way.
(d) 
Suitable subsoil material excavated from ditches may be used for the leveling of the subgrade.
(e) 
All ditches shall be generally designed to be cut two feet below the edge of the pavement elevation and graded to permit proper drainage with gradual slopes at a grade not less than 0.7% per approved street plans.
(f) 
Cross culverts shall be placed in the roadway to facilitate drainage of the roadway, where necessary per approved street plans. Culverts shall be corrugated steel metal pipe with associated steel metal end-walls.
(g) 
Local roads constructed in the Town of Winneconne must have:
[1] 
Eight inches of two-and-one-half-inch breaker run (Gradation 1).
[2] 
Four inches of three-fourths-inch crusher run for surface granular material (Gradation 2).
[3] 
Geotextile fabric.
(h) 
The travel portion of the road must be 22 feet wide of three-and-one-half-inch compacted asphalt surface. (1.75 inches of surface and 1.75 inches of binder).
(i) 
Asphalt surface must have a three-foot shoulder on each side consisting of three-fourths-inch crusher run material.
D. 
Minimum road construction standards.
(1) 
Construction staking.
(a) 
The proposed work will be staked by the Town of Winneconne's surveyor/engineer. The Town surveyor/engineer will provide station staking lath along both sides of the right-of-way. The positioning of the lath will provide direction on the placement of topsoil piles.
(b) 
The Town Engineer will provide the contractor with street summary sheets that provide subgrade, stone grade, ditch grade and right-of-way elevations for all the streets.
(c) 
The contractor shall utilize the right-of-way station stakes for alignment. It is the contractor's responsibility to stake the edge of stone and centerline alignments for the proposed streets. It is the contractor's responsibility to check the vertical accuracy of the subgrade and stone grades prior to the Town Engineer's subgrade check.
(2) 
Clearing and grubbing. Clearing and grubbing shall consist of cutting and disposing of trees, brush, stumps, roots, shrubs, fallen trees, fence posts, fence wire, vines and other vegetation and debris occurring within the project limits and disposing of the same as required for the specified construction.
(a) 
Method.
[1] 
The clearing limits shall be the limits of the right-of-way or easement unless otherwise stated or indicated on the approved plans.
[2] 
The contractor shall use whatever methods for clearing and grubbing best suited to the site of work and which will not cause damage to adjacent property.
[3] 
The contractor shall remove obstructions, such as street signs, small culverts and end walls, advertising signs and guard posts, located in construction easements or rights-of-way, provided the owner is notified prior to removal and they are promptly replaced to their original condition unless otherwise specified.
[4] 
Any existing culverts that the Town Street Supervisor or Town's designated Engineer indicates shall be salvaged, shall be carefully removed and shall become the property of the Town of Winneconne.
(b) 
Disposal. Unless otherwise required, all materials resulting from the clearing or from cleanup shall become the property of the contractor. The contractor shall take full responsibility for the complete and proper disposal of the material.
(c) 
Protection of survey monuments. The contractor and/or developer shall be responsible for the protection and replacement, if necessary, of survey monuments which may exist throughout the project area. Any disturbed survey monuments shall be replaced by a registered surveyor at the contractor's expense.
(3) 
Fine grading/excavation.
(a) 
Prior to construction, the contractor shall strip all topsoil from the right-of-way and stockpile. The entire street right-of-way shall be excavated to the typical sections shown.[2] There will be areas where existing ground elevations and proposed street grades will dictate that slope intercepts extend beyond the right-of-way lines. The contractor shall construct low existing elevations to proper right-of-way elevations. Existing elevations that are higher in terrain may be left higher than typical. However, excessive elevation differences in right-of-way from one side of the street cross- section to the other will not be acceptable.
[2]
Editor's Note: The typical road section diagrams are included at the end of the chapter.
(b) 
The subgrade shall be comprised of sound nonorganic material free from topsoil or other deleterious material. Acceptable excavated subgrade material shall be moved to locations on this project where fill is required.
(c) 
The contractor shall proof roll (loaded truck) the subgrade for the engineer in conjunction with the compaction testing and prior to placing crushed stone base course. Subgrade in ditch areas shall be excavated and graded to allow for the addition of a minimum of four inches of topsoil.
(d) 
Any excess material not needed for road construction shall be hauled off site or placed and leveled in locations determined by the engineer.
(4) 
Embankments. Embankments consist of placing in embankments and in miscellaneous backfills material obtained from roadway excavation or borrow areas, all in accordance with these specifications and in reasonably close conformity with the lines, grades, thicknesses and typical cross sections shown on the approved plans.
(a) 
Materials.
[1] 
Materials for embankment shall consist of approved materials and shall contain no logs, stumps, brush or other organic material. Unsuitable material or frozen lumps shall not be permitted to be placed in the embankment except in the area beyond the limits of an assumed one-to-one slope extending outward from the outer limits of the roadway shoulder line.
[2] 
Materials to be in the top 12 inches of the embankment shall be free of large stones, concrete and other materials which would significantly affect scarifying, compacting and finishing the subgrade.
(b) 
Construction methods.
[1] 
Before placing any material in an embankment, the contractor shall clear and grub and also strip the topsoil. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, the construction of embankments shall be discontinued in the fall or early winter when weather conditions prevail which will cause substantial freezing of the materials as they are placed in the embankment, except when the materials used are from rock excavation or are granular and contain only minor quantities of silt, clay, loam or similar materials.
[2] 
The material placed in an embankment shall be placed in layers starting at the lowest elevation. The layers shall be spread evenly to a uniform thickness throughout and parallel to finished grade. The thickness of the layer shall be as necessary to secure the required compaction, generally not exceeding eight inches. Where it is not practical to place the material in layers eight inches thick, such as marshes, wet ground, filling in water, or on a steep hill side, a single layer may be constructed to a thickness not greater than necessary to support the hauling equipment while placing subsequent layers.
[3] 
Embankments placed in wet marshes or swamps shall in general be constructed by end dumping the fill material. When marshes are excavated in a dry condition, the embankment shall be constructed in layers and compacted so far as practicable. For a description of the method, please refer to Section 203, Marsh Excavation.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: See Section 203 of the "Standard Specifications."
[4] 
Where material placed for embankment consists of rack or broken stone of sufficient size that placing in eight-inch layers is not practical, the material may be placed in layers not exceeding the average diameter of the largest pieces, provided there will be no nesting and all the voids are filled with smaller stones and satisfactory soil or rock fines.
(5) 
Preparation of subgrade.
(a) 
The contractor shall notify Martenson & Eisele, Inc. after the completion of the subgrade construction. The Town of Winneconne's surveyor/engineer will check and document the subgrade elevations.
(b) 
The contractor shall ensure that the subgrade elevations are within the Town of Winneconnes tolerances (0.08 inch) prior to notifying the Town of Winneconne's surveyor/engineer to verify elevations.
(6) 
Excavation below subgrade.
(a) 
The contractor shall excavate the street to the typical section shown.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: The typical road section diagrams are included at the end of the chapter.
(b) 
Excavation below subgrade (undercutting) may be necessary over some portions of this project. If such excavation is required, the contractor shall obtain prior authorization from the Engineer.
(c) 
The contractor shall backfill excavations below subgrade (two inches over-dig) with suitable on-site material. This backfill material shall be compacted and brought up to the subgrade elevations as shown on the typical sections[5] and shall be paid at the unit price supplied on the proposal form.
[5]
Editor's Note: The typical road section diagrams are included at the end of the chapter.
(7) 
Compaction.
(a) 
Except as otherwise provided, all fill placed in embankments, all backfills in marshes and construction of rock fills shall be compacted in accordance with requirements for standard compaction unless special compaction is called for on the approved plans or supplemental specifications.
(b) 
The material to be compacted shall be at the optimum moisture content to insure proper compaction. If the moisture content is excessive in that excessive distortion or displacement occurs under the compaction equipment, the material shall be allowed too dry. Drying may be accelerated by aeration or manipulation by means of blade graders, discs, or other appropriate equipment. If the material is too dry to compact properly, water shall be added in quantities deemed necessary to aid and accelerate effective compaction.
(c) 
Each layer of an embankment shall be compacted to the degree that no further appreciable consolidation is evidenced under the action of the compaction equipment. No material shall be placed for the succeeding layer until the required compaction is attained for each layer.
(d) 
The compaction shall be attained by specialized compaction equipment, supplemented by hauling and leveling equipment traveling with an equal distribution over each layer. If the compaction attained through the hauling and leveling equipment is satisfactory and sufficient, specialized compaction equipment will not be required. If specialized equipment is necessary, specialized compaction equipment shall include tamping rollers, pneumatic-tire rollers, vibratory rollers or other types of equipment designed for compaction which will achieve the desired result.
(e) 
Tamping rollers shall exert a weight of not less than 150 pounds per square inch of tamping surface. Other rollers, such as pneumatic-tire roller, shall exert a weight of not less than 150 pounds per linear inch of roller width.
(f) 
Embankments of six feet or less in height shall be compacted to at least 95% of maximum density for their full depth. Embankments over six feet in height shall have the top six feet compacted to not less than 95% of maximum density, and those portions more than six feet below the finished subgrade shall be compacted to at least 90% of maximum density. The maximum density of the fill material will be determined in accordance with ASTM test designation D-1557, modified Proctor test, and the relative density shall be determined in accordance with the standard method of test for density for soil-in-place by the Sand Cone Method, AASHTO Test Designation T 191, or other approved methods. If such tests are required by the Town Board, they shall be done at the developer's expense.
(8) 
Compaction testing.
(a) 
Subgrade.
[1] 
The Town will contract with an independent testing laboratory to provide the required testing services.
[2] 
Testing will determine maximum density and optimum moisture content for compaction in accordance with ASTM D1-1557 (one test for each type of material for each source). Field density testing will be conducted in accordance with ASTM D1-1556 and/or D-2922 and D-3017. Minimum frequency for field testing shall be two acceptable tests per roadway or as follows, whichever number is greater: one moisture/density test per 100 feet of roadway.
[3] 
Additional density testing may be required under the following conditions:
[a] 
Soil density does not meet project requirements.
[b] 
Change in method of compaction.
[c] 
Change in source or quality of soil or aggregate.
[d] 
Disturbed cut areas.
(b) 
Stone base.
[1] 
The Town will contract with an independent testing laboratory to provide the required compaction testing services.
[2] 
The contractor shall compact each layer of aggregate after placed and spread to the required thickness, width and section. If the material is deficient in moisture content, to attain the required density, the contractor shall add the necessary moisture during compaction operations by means which provides a uniform application. Each layer or course placed shall be compacted to at least 95% of the maximum dry density as determined by the modified Proctor test (ASTM D1557). Areas where proper compaction is not obtainable due to segregation of materials, excess fines or other deficiencies shall be reworked or removed and replaced with material that will yield the desired results. The contractor shall shape and maintain the material to the proper dimensions prior to and during compaction operations.
(9) 
Geotextile fabric.
(a) 
The contractor shall notify the Town of Winneconne and the Town of Winneconne's surveyor/engineer prior to any placement of fabric. The contractor shall install geotextile fabric on the subgrade of all streets.
(b) 
The geotextile fabric shall consist of either woven polyester, polypropylene, stabilized nylon, polyethylene or polyvinylidene chloride. All fabric shall have the minimum strength values required in the weakest principle direction. The geotextile fabric rolls shall be clearly marked showing the type of fabric.
[1] 
The fabric shall comply with the following minimum physical requirements:
Geotextile Fabric Minimum Physical Requirements
Parameter
Method
Value
Trapezoid Tear (pounds)
ASTM D-4533
100 pounds
Permittivity (sec-1)
ASTM D4491
.02
Apparent opening size (sieve size)
ASTM D-4751
30/70
Ultraviolet degradation (% strength retained)
ASTM D-4355
70
Grab tensile strength (pounds)
ASTM D-4632-86
280 minimum
Puncture strength (pounds)
ASTM D-4833
115 minimum
Mullen burst (psi)
ASTM D-3786
600 minimum
Elongation at required strength (%)
ASTM D-4632-86
25% maximum
[2] 
All numerical values represent minimum/maximum average roll values (i.e., the average of test results on any roll in a lot should meet or exceed the minimum values in the table).
(c) 
The rolls of fabric are to be kept dry until installed and shall be clearly marked showing the type of fabric.
(d) 
Construction methods.
[1] 
Prior to the placement of fabric, the subgrade shall be smoothed, shaped, and compacted to the required grade, section, and density. After the fabric has been placed on the subgrade area, no traffic or construction equipment will be permitted to travel directly on the fabric.
[2] 
The fabric shall be placed on the subgrade, rolled out parallel to the roadway, and pulled taut manually to remove wrinkles. Adjacent rolls of fabric shall be overlapped a minimum of 24 inches or sewn with a lock stitch. All factory and field seams shall be sewn with a thread having the same or greater durability as the material in the fabric and sewn seams shall have the same strength as the specified strength of the fabric.
[3] 
Weights or pins may be required to prevent lifting of the fabric by wind. After placement, the fabric shall be exposed no longer than 48 hours prior to covering. Base course material shall be placed by back dumping with trucks and leveled with a crawler dozer to a minimum depth of four inches over the fabric.
[4] 
Construction equipment shall be such that ruts do not exceed three inches in depth. All ruts shall be filled with additional material, smoothing of ruts will not be permitted. Before covering, the condition of the fabric shall be inspected to determine that no holes, rips, or tears occurred in the fabric. If any defects are observed, the damaged area shall be covered with a patch of fabric using a three-foot overlap in all directions.
(10) 
Placement of stone base.
(a) 
The contractor shall notify the Town of Winneconne and the Town of Winneconne's surveyor/engineer prior to any placement of stone base. The contractor shall set up a proof roll with said representatives onsite. The subgrade shall be approved by a representative of the Town of Winneconne prior to commencing with the fabric and stone placement.
(b) 
Should the contractor begin graveling streets without the consent of the Town of Winneconne, the contractor shall remove the fabric and stone at his cost.
(11) 
Placing topsoil.
(a) 
The contractor shall place screened pulverized, salvaged or imported topsoil to a depth of four inches in all ditches and to other areas as indicated on the approved plans and specifications.
(b) 
Rocks, stones, twigs, and clods that will not break down and other foreign material shall be removed, and the entire surface shall be dressed to present a uniform appearance.
(c) 
After the areas upon which the topsoil is to be placed have been prepared and finished to the required lines, grades, slopes and cross section, the topsoil shall be placed and spread thereon to a uniform depth of four inches.
(12) 
Restoration. The contractor shall stabilize all disturbed areas on the project, including swales and lot lines. Restoration shall consist of placing and grading topsoil, seeding, fertilizing, mulching and erosion control revegetative if required.
(13) 
Seeding.
(a) 
The contractor shall seed areas indicated on the approved plans and specifications. All seed shall conform to the Wisconsin Statutes and Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter ATCP 20 regarding noxious weed seed content and labeling. Seed mixture No. 10 per Section 630 of the "Standard Specifications" shall be applied at the rate specified in that section.
(b) 
The contractor is responsible for a two-inch catch of grass and shall reseed any bare or sparse areas as determined by the Engineer.
(14) 
Fertilizer. The contractor shall provide and incorporate into the soil fertilizer to the areas indicated on the approved plans and specifications to be seeded. Type A Fertilizer per Section 629 of the "Standard Specifications" shall be applied at the rate specified in that section.
(15) 
Mulching.
(a) 
The contractor shall utilize Method C mulching per Section 627 of the "Standard Specifications" and shall apply at the rate specified in that section. The contractor shall furnish and place weed-free hay or straw as mulch at a depth of 1/2 inch to 1 1/2 inches to all areas indicated on the plans and in the specifications to be seeded. Mulch shall be applied in locations not covered by erosion mat. Mulch shall be placed within three days after seeding has been completed.
(b) 
Mulching operations shall not be performed during periods of excessively high winds which would preclude the proper placing of the mulch. The placed mulch shall be loose or open enough to allow some sunlight to penetrate and air to slowly circulate, but thick enough to shade the ground, conserve soil moisture and prevent or reduce soil erosion.
(16) 
Erosion control revegetative mat.
(a) 
Erosion control revegetative shall be installed at locations shown on the plan.
(b) 
The entire street ditch section shall be matted with Class II, Type B erosion control vegetative mat (C125 as manufactured by North American Green or equal). If higher grade matting is needed due to steeper slopes or conveyance of excessive stormwater flows, the engineer shall specify a product to be approved by the Town Engineer.
(17) 
Bituminous concrete pavement.
(a) 
This work shall consist of the construction of a plant mixed bituminous concrete surface on the approved prepared foundation, base course or existing surface in accordance with the approved plans and specifications. Asphaltic concrete pavement materials shall be mix HMA Type E-1. Pavements shall be placed in two lifts with 1 1/2 feet of tapered overlap (Michigan Joint). The first lift shall be a binder course. The second lift shall be a finish course. Minimum lift thickness shall be 1 3/4 inches.
(b) 
Materials.
[1] 
The binder course shall be 19.0 mm (3/4 inch) gradation as described in section 460.2.2.3 of the "Standard Specifications." The finish course shall be 12.5 mm (1/2 inch) gradation, as described in Section 460.2.2.3, of the "Standard Specifications."
[2] 
The bituminous material used in bituminous concrete shall be asphalt, performance graded (PG) 58-28 for local and commercial streets and PG 64-22 for industrial streets.
(c) 
Methods.
[1] 
The roadbed shall be prepared by doing any necessary scarifying, shaping and compaction of aggregate base course required to restore the surface to the proper contour and provide a surface free from potholes, sags, depressions, or other irregularities.
[2] 
All base preparation, compaction, prime coating, paving methods, and equipment used shall be in accordance with Section 460 of the "Standard Specifications."
(18) 
Shouldering.
(a) 
The contractor shall install a three-foot shoulder on each side consisting of three-fourths-inch crusher run material (Gradation 2).
(b) 
The construction of aggregate shoulders along pavements shall be prosecuted in such manner that the shoulder is construction to the required cross section and flush with the pavement as soon as practicable. Shoulders shall be compacted in accordance with standard methods. If shouldering is delayed for any reason, the contractor shall provide and maintain signing and other traffic protection and control devices.
E. 
Acceptance.
(1) 
Prior to acceptance, the Town Engineer shall submit verification to the Town that the subgrade, stone grade, ditches and right-of-ways were constructed in accordance with the plans.
(2) 
The owner shall supply the Town of Winneconne with lien waivers from the project contractor, the project engineer/surveyor and any other subconsultants that performed work for the project.
A. 
The Town shall contract with contractors for the removal of snow from those private roads designated by the Town Highway Superintendent.[1] The owners of property abutting on such roadways shall reimburse the Town for the actual cost of the service plus an administrative processing fee to be determined by the Town Board.
[1]
Editor's Note: An ordinance adopted 6-20-2013 amended § 1-19B(5) to change references to the "Highway Superintendent" to read "Superintendent of Highways."
B. 
Contractors performing snow removal services shall be required to itemize their billing showing work performed on private roads at the rate specified in their contract with the Town for all snow removal work. The cost of plowing all private roads shall be divided equally among the parcels fronting on all the private roads which were plowed. The Town Board shall levy special assessments pursuant to § 66.0627, Wis. Stats., to reimburse the Town for plowing expense, plus the administrative processing fee.
[Added 5-18-2000; amended 7-20-2000]
A. 
No person shall plow, push or deposit in any public roadway or road right-of-way snow from within the lot lines of the property owned or controlled by him or her, in such manner or in such quantity as to create a traffic hazard.
B. 
As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY
The legally described right-of way for the road.
ROADWAY
That portion of a street or alley between the regularly established curblines or that portion which is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
C. 
Penalty for violating this section shall be as provided in Chapter 1, § 1-4 of this Code.
[Added 4-19-2001]
Pursuant to § 81.01(11), Wis. Stats., that portion of Lasley Point Road east of County Road South Highway 110 that lies within the Town of Winneconne be and hereby is renamed "Grimson Road."
Except as otherwise provided, any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter shall be subject to a penalty as provided in Chapter 1, § 1-4 of this Code.