City of Troy, NY
Rensselaer County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Troy 3-23-1977 (Ch. 28 of the 1973 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Taxicabs — See Ch. 260.
Junked vehicles — See Ch. 275.
Immobilization, towing and storage of vehicles — See Ch. 273.
Zoning — See Ch. 285.
The City Council of the City of Troy, County of Rensselaer, State of New York, pursuant to the provisions of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, does on March 23, 1977, hereby enact the following traffic ordinance to regulate and control vehicular and pedestrian traffic within the corporate limits of the City of Troy.
The formal enacting clause of this traffic ordinance is being adopted under the authority granted by § 20(22) of the General City Law, which provides for the adoption of City traffic ordinances. A majority of the sections contained herein are based upon § 1640 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York.
This chapter shall be known as the "City of Troy, New York, Traffic Ordinance."
[Amended 11-6-1980; 1-5-1989]
A. 
The words and phrases used in this chapter shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York.
B. 
The following words and phrases which are not defined by the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section for the purpose of this chapter:
BLOCK
That portion of a street bounded by the parallel curbs of said street and by the crosswalks of two consecutive intersecting primary cross streets.
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
All streets and portions of streets within the area described as follows: All that area bounded by the south line of Ferry Street, the east line of Eighth Street, the north line of Federal Street and the Hudson River
CITY
The corporate limits of the City of Troy, New York.
CITY COUNCIL
The legislative body of the City of Troy, New York.
CURBLINE
The prolongation of the lateral line of a curb or, in the absence of a curb, the lateral boundary of the roadway.
DRIVEWAY
That portion of a private drive or roadway not open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic and adjoining a street. The actual curb cut or prolongation of the private drive at the curbline shall be considered the width of the driveway.
HOLIDAYS
New Year's Day, Lincoln's Birthday, Washington's Birthday, Easter, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans' Day, Election Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day shall be considered holidays.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD
Whenever certain hours are named herein or posted on traffic-control devices, they shall mean the time standard which is in current use in this City.
PARKING FACILITY
A plot or parcel of land or building, not including streets, upon or within which the parking of vehicles is regulated by signs, parking meters and/or parking attendants.
PARKING METER ZONE
A designated location upon or within which the parking of vehicles is regulated by parking meters.
POLICE OFFICER
Every officer of the City of Troy Bureau of Police or any other person authorized by the Chief of Police to direct, regulate, and enforce this chapter and the provisions of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York.
STREET
Any highway, road, street, avenue, alley, drive, public place, public right-of-way, as shown on the official map of the City of Troy, New York; all private roads and parking lots open to public motor vehicle traffic; and all drives, rights-of-way and access roadways located on property owned by the Troy Housing Authority.
TRAFFIC ENGINEER
The designated Traffic Engineer of the City of Troy, New York.
A. 
It shall be the duty of the Bureau of Police to enforce this chapter, to enforce the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, to issue citations and make arrests for traffic violations, to investigate traffic accidents, to cooperate with the Traffic Engineer and other officials of the City in the administration of the traffic laws and in developing ways to improve traffic control.
B. 
Police officers are hereby authorized to direct traffic by voice, hand or signal in conformance with traffic laws; provided that, in the event of a fire or other emergency or to expedite traffic or to safeguard pedestrians, police officers may direct traffic as conditions may require, notwithstanding the provisions of the traffic laws.
C. 
Officers of the Bureau of Fire, when at the scene of a fire, may direct, or assist the police in directing, traffic thereat or in the immediate vicinity.
D. 
The Bureau of Police shall keep a record of all violations of this chapter and of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York of which any person has been charged, together with a record of the final disposition of all such alleged offenses; such records shall be so maintained as to show all types of violations and the total of each. Said records shall accumulate during at least a five-year period and, from that time on, the record shall be maintained complete for at least the most recent five-year period. All forms for records of violations and notices of violations shall be serially numbered and referenced to the traffic ordinance of this City and the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York. All such records and reports shall be public records.
E. 
It shall be the duty of the Bureau of Police to investigate traffic accidents, to arrest and to assist in the prosecution of those persons charged with violations of traffic laws causing or contributing to such accidents. Whenever the accidents at any particular location become numerous, the Bureau of Police shall cooperate with the Traffic Engineer in conducting studies of such accidents and determining remedial measures. The Bureau of Police shall maintain a suitable system of filing traffic accident reports. Such reports shall be available for the use and information of the Traffic Engineer.
F. 
The Bureau of Police shall maintain suitable records of all drivers charged with frequent or serious violations of the traffic laws or involved in frequent traffic accidents or any serious accident and report such information to the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles or other appropriate state agencies. Such records shall accumulate during at least a five-year period and, from that time on, such records shall be maintained complete for at least the most recent five-year period.
G. 
The Bureau of Police in conjunction with the Traffic Engineer shall annually prepare a traffic report. Such report shall contain information on traffic matters as follows:
(1) 
The number of traffic accidents, the number of persons killed and injured, and other pertinent traffic accident data;
(2) 
The number of traffic accidents investigated and other data on the traffic safety activities of the Bureau of Police;
(3) 
The plans and recommendations of the Bureau of Police for future traffic safety activities;
(4) 
The number and type of traffic violations; and
(5) 
The number and type of parking violations.
A. 
Creation. A Highway Safety Committee is hereby established in accordance with Article 16A of the Executive Law, enacted as Article 620 of the Laws of 1967, to be known and designated as the City of Troy Highway Safety Committee.
B. 
Responsibility. Such Committee shall coordinate local safety efforts and local highway safety programs as set forth in Article 16A of the New York State Executive Law.
C. 
Composition. The Committee shall consist of eight persons, which shall include the Commissioner of Public Works, Commissioner of Public Safety, Traffic Engineer, Chief of Police, City Planner, City Engineer and two other members, who shall not be City employees but shall be appointed by the Mayor. The power of the Committee shall be vested in and exercised by the majority of the Committee.
D. 
Salaries. The members of the Committee shall serve without pay for their services needed pursuant to this section.
E. 
Duties. The Committee shall schedule stated meetings, which shall be open to the public, and it shall review all traffic safety programs in the City. It shall adopt ongoing safety programs in conformity with federal laws and standards and state laws and guidelines, subject to approval by the City Council. The Committee shall initiate programs and investigate sources of funding for the improvement of traffic safety in the City.
[Amended 9-1-1988]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to place and maintain official traffic-control devices when and as required under this chapter to make effective the provisions of said chapter and to carry out and enforce all duties imposed on or required of him/her by this chapter and may place and maintain such additional traffic-control devices as deemed necessary to regulate, warn or guide traffic.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized and empowered to make and adopt regulations in regards to those matters in which he/she is specifically authorized by this chapter to make regulations or determinations.
C. 
All traffic-control devices installed in the City of Troy shall conform to the New York State Department of Transportation Manual of Uniform Traffic-Control Devices. All signs and signals required hereunder for a particular purpose shall, so far as practicable, be uniform as to type and location throughout the City. All traffic-control devices so erected and not inconsistent with the provisions of state law or this chapter shall be deemed official traffic-control devices.
D. 
The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control devices applicable thereto, placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle.
E. 
No provisions of this chapter for which official traffic-control devices are required shall be enforced against an alleged violation, if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official traffic-control device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. Whenever a particular section does not state that official traffic-control devices are required, such sections shall be effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
F. 
Whenever official traffic-control devices are placed in position approximately conforming to the requirements of this chapter or to the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, such devices shall be presumed to have been so placed by the official act or direction of lawful authority, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
G. 
The Traffic Engineer may test traffic-control devices under actual conditions of traffic as he/she deems necessary.
H. 
The Bureau of Police may authorize the temporary placing of official traffic-control devices when required by an emergency. The Bureau of Police shall notify the Traffic Engineer of such action as soon thereafter as is practical.
I. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to establish temporary or experimental regulations to cover emergencies, traffic surveys and investigations and other special conditions, as deemed necessary. No such temporary or experimental regulations shall remain in effect for more than one year. The City Council shall be notified previous to any changes being implemented under this paragraph.
J. 
No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic-control device or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic or which hides from view or interferes with the effectiveness of any official traffic-control device, and no person shall place or maintain, nor shall any public authority permit, upon any highway any traffic-control device bearing thereon any commercial advertising. Every such prohibited device is hereby declared to be a public nuisance, and the Traffic Engineer is hereby empowered to remove any such prohibited device or cause it to be removed without notice.
K. 
No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to, or in fact, alter, deface, injure, knock down or remove any official traffic-control device.
L. 
No person shall fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or directive of any police officer or other person duly empowered to regulate traffic.
[Amended 4-7-1988]
A. 
The City of Troy speed limit shall be 30 miles per hour and shall be applicable upon all streets except where the Traffic Engineer, upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, determines that other speed limits shall be applicable and except on streets where the State of New York Department of Transportation has jurisdiction.
B. 
Speed limit signs shall be posted on all major highways entering the City and also on all streets where the rate of speed changes.
C. 
The Traffic Engineer is authorized to regulate the timing of traffic signals so as to permit the movement of traffic in an orderly and safe manner at speeds slightly at variance from speeds otherwise applicable on City streets and shall erect appropriate signs giving notice thereof.
D. 
The Traffic Engineer may set school zone speed limits on highways adjacent to a school, as authorized by the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law. The Traffic Engineer shall post necessary signs and other traffic-control devices setting the school zone speed limit; and no person shall drive in excess of said posted speed during the school noon hour, school recess, or while children are going to or leaving school during opening or closing hours.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to place official traffic-control devices within or adjacent to intersections indicating the course to be traveled by vehicles turning at such intersections, and such course to be traveled as so indicated may conform to or vary from that course as prescribed by law.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine those intersections at which drivers of vehicles shall not make right on red, right, left or U turns, and he/she shall place proper traffic-control devices at such intersections to indicate the specified prohibition. The making of such turns may be prohibited between certain hours of any day and permitted at other hours, in which event the same shall be clearly indicated on the signs, or they may be removed when such turns are permitted.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to determine and designate, after City Council approval by ordinance, one-way streets, and he/she shall place and maintain official traffic-control devices giving notice thereof. No such designation shall be effective unless such devices are in place.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine any streets, parts of streets or specific lanes thereon upon which traffic shall proceed in one direction during one period and the opposite direction during another period of the day and shall place and maintain appropriate traffic-control devices to give notice thereof. The Traffic Engineer may erect signs temporarily designating lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction, regardless of the center line of the roadway.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to determine and designate stop and yield intersections, and he/she shall erect and maintain traffic signals, stop signs, yield signs, or other official traffic-control devices to designate said stop and yield intersections.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine and designate through highways and may erect and maintain official traffic-control devices to regulate driveways intersecting said through highways.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to install pavement markings to indicate traffic lanes, center lines, channelization islands, parking spaces, crosswalks, and all other markings deemed necessary upon the streets of this City to improve and regulate traffic control.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to establish safety zones of such kind and character and at such places as deemed necessary for the protection of pedestrians.
C. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to determine those highways or portions of highways which shall be marked to indicate where overtaking and passing or driving to the left of or crossing such markings would be especially hazardous, in accordance with the standards, minimum warrants and sign or marking specifications established by the New York State Department of Transportation.
[Amended 12-6-1979; 3-1-1984; 5-2-1985; 12-5-1985; 4-4-1986; 5-1-1986; 10-3-1996; 9-4-1997]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to prohibit, regulate or limit stopping, standing or parking of vehicles at all times or during specified hours on any streets in this City; provided that, in the Central Business District, on-street parking shall be prohibited between the hours of 4:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m., Monday through Friday, except that the Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to permit parking between the hours of 4:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m. on alternating days, Monday through Friday, on alternating sides of streets in the Central Business District.
B. 
No prohibition, regulation or limitation relating to stopping, standing or parking imposed under this traffic ordinance shall be effective unless official traffic-control devices are erected and in place at the time of any alleged offense. It shall be the duty of the Traffic Engineer to erect and maintain such official traffic-control devices.
C. 
No person shall park any vehicle upon a street in such a manner or under such conditions as to leave available less than 10 feet of the roadway for free movement of vehicular traffic.
D. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to prohibit the stopping, standing or parking on any street during specified hours for the purpose of street cleaning, snow removal, garbage collection, leaf collection, road construction, utility work or other such reasons as deemed necessary to avoid excessive delays to traffic resulting from such work.
E. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine and designate, by official traffic-control devices, places in which the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles would create an especially hazardous condition or would cause unusual delay to traffic.
F. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to prohibit parking upon either side of a street adjacent to any school property, when such parking would interfere with traffic or create a hazardous situation.
G. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to prohibit or regulate the operation and the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles in cemeteries, in public parks and upon property owned or leased by the City.
H. 
The provisions of this chapter imposing a time limit on parking shall not relieve any person from the duty to observe other and more restrictive provisions prohibiting or limiting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles in specified places or at specified times.
I. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to prohibit parking within 15 feet of either side of the main entrance to a hotel, theater, auditorium, church, funeral home or other building where large assemblages of persons are held.
J. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine and designate streets or parts thereof to be emergency snow routes. No person shall park or stand a vehicle upon any portion of an emergency snow route during the specified snow emergency periods, as declared by the Mayor.
K. 
The Traffic Engineer shall determine upon what streets angle parking shall be permitted and shall install official traffic-control devices to indicate such angle parking. Angle parking shall not be indicated upon any federal or state highway within this City unless the New York State Department of Transportation Regional Traffic Engineer has determined that the roadway is of sufficient width to permit angle parking without interfering with the free movement of traffic. On those streets which are designated for angle parking, no person shall park or stand a vehicle other than at the angle to the curb or edge of the street indicated by such signs or markings.
L. 
It shall be unlawful to park or stand any trailer or hitch on any public property or in any street in this City unless it is attached to a properly registered vehicle capable of immediately moving such trailer or hitch, unless a permit is obtained from the Traffic Engineer.
M. 
It shall be unlawful to park or stand any unregistered vehicle on any public property or City street in this City.
N. 
It shall be unlawful to park or stand any inoperable vehicle on any public property or City street in this City for more than 24 hours. A vehicle shall be deemed inoperable when for whatever reason it is incapable of being moved under its own power. Such vehicle shall be deemed abandoned pursuant to § 1224, Subdivision 1(c), of Vehicle and Traffic Law of New York State, if thereafter left unattended for more than 48 hours.
O. 
It shall be unlawful to park any bus, house coach, school bus, tractor, trailer or combination thereof, semi-trailer, stinger-steered automobile transporter, mobile car crusher, boat, boat trailer, one-axle trailer, dump truck, moving van, delivery or work van, either by itself or in combination with a trailer, in excess of 20 feet in length, recreational vehicle in excess of 20 feet in length, tow truck except in front of or alongside a commercial establishment for such towing business and without any motor vehicle located on or attached to said tow truck, on any City street other than for a temporary period of time related to and necessary to accomplish a specific business purpose.
[Amended 7-6-2000 by Ord. No. 14; 7-7-2016 by Ord. No. 48]
P. 
No person shall park a vehicle in any off-street City-owned or City-leased public permit parking lot without display of a current parking permit sticker or permit.
Q. 
No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle within six feet of a fire hydrant except when such vehicle is attended by a licensed operator or chauffeur who is seated in the front seat and who can immediately move such vehicle in case of emergency.
[Added 7-10-2014 by Ord. No. 44]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to designate bus stops at such locations and in such number as may be necessary and of the greatest benefit and convenience to the public without interfering with the smooth and orderly flow of traffic. Every such bus stop shall be designated by official traffic-control devices.
B. 
The operator of a bus shall not stop a bus at any place for the purpose of taking on or discharging passengers other than at a bus stop so designated as provided herein, except in the case of an emergency.
C. 
The operator of a bus shall not stand or park such vehicle upon any street at any place other than a designated bus stop.
D. 
The operator of a bus shall not stop such vehicle at any designated bus stop for any longer than three minutes, unless specifically authorized by official traffic-control devices.
E. 
The operator of a bus shall enter a bus stop in such a manner that the bus, when stopped to load or unload, shall be in a position with the right front wheel of such vehicle not farther than 18 inches from the curb and the bus approximately parallel to the curb so as not to unduly impede the movement of other vehicle traffic.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to designate taxi stands at such location and in such manner as may be necessary and of the greatest benefit and convenience to the public without interfering with the smooth and orderly flow of traffic. Every such taxi stand shall be designated by official traffic-control devices and shall be charged an annual fee of $50 per parking space, payable by January 1 of each year.
B. 
The operator of a taxicab shall not stand or park such vehicle upon any street at any place other than in a taxi stand so designated as provided herein. This provision shall not prevent the operator of a taxicab from temporarily stopping in accordance with other stopping or parking regulations at any place for the purpose of and while actually engaged in the expeditious loading or unloading of passengers.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to determine and designate the locations of loading zones, and he/she shall place and maintain official traffic-control devices indicating the same and stating the hours during which the provisions of this section are applicable.
B. 
No person shall park a vehicle for any purpose or length of time other than for the expeditious unloading and delivery or pickup and loading of property in any place marked as a loading zone. In no case shall the stop for loading and unloading exceed 30 minutes.
[Amended 10-3-1991; 7-2-1992; 11-5-1992]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to designate gross vehicle weight limits on any street in this City, and he/she shall place and maintain official traffic-control devices to indicate such restrictions.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to designate vehicle size and class restrictions on any street in this City, and he/she shall place and maintain official traffic-control devices to indicate such restrictions.
C. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to determine for all bridges and elevated structures within this City the capacity, in tons of 2,000 pounds, which the bridge or structure will safely carry. At bridges or structures of insufficient strength to carry safely the legal loads permissible by the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, the Traffic Engineer shall cause official traffic-control devices to be erected to inform persons of the safe capacity.
D. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to cause official traffic-control devices to be erected to inform persons of the legal overhead clearance for all bridges and structures on highways within this City. The legal clearance shall be one foot less than the measured clearance. The measured clearance shall be the minimum height to the bridge or structure measured vertically from the traveled portion of the roadway. On bridges or structures having 14 feet or more of measured clearance, no such signs shall be required.
E. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to establish a system of truck routes upon which all trucks, tractors and tractor-trailer combinations having a total gross weight in excess of 10,000 pounds are permitted to travel and operate and excluding such vehicles and combinations from all highways except those which constitute such truck route system. Such exclusion shall not be construed to prevent the delivery or pickup of merchandise or other property along the highways from which such vehicles and combinations are otherwise excluded. Any such system of truck routes shall provide suitable connection with all state routes entering or leaving this City.
F. 
It is required that all vehicles operated within the City of Troy be in good and safe operating condition, and each shall be operated only:
(1) 
While having a valid New York State certificate of inspection, or the equivalent thereof for any vehicle registered outside the State of New York, affixed on the vehicle in the proper location;
(2) 
While in full compliance with Article 9 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(3) 
While in full compliance with Article 10 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(4) 
While in full compliance with Article 6 of the Transportation Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(5) 
While in full compliance with Article 21 of the Tax Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(6) 
While properly registered in accordance with Article 14 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(7) 
While in full compliance with Article 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference;
(8) 
No vehicle may operate within the City of Troy if that vehicle has been determined to be in an unsafe condition by a certified New York State inspector or by a person certified by the State of New York to conduct such inspections; and
(9) 
No vehicle may operate within the City of Troy if it has been determined that the vehicle should be put out of service by a New York State Department of Transportation inspector.
G. 
It shall be presumed that a violation of this section found through an inspection of a vehicle, requested by an officer of the Police Department of the City of Troy and inspected in the presence of any officer thereof, after the vehicle was involved in an accident was a violation at the time of the accident. Any such inspection shall take place only after at least two days' notice is given to the owner of the vehicle, and the owner and/or person or persons he/she shall designate shall have the right to attend the inspection.
[Amended 11-5-1992]
No person shall operate or drive a motor vehicle nor permit another person to operate or drive a motor vehicle:
A. 
Unless the person driving or operating the motor vehicle is duly and properly licensed with a license which is in full force and effect and valid, pursuant to Articles 19 and 20 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, as amended, which articles are fully incorporated herein by reference; and
B. 
Unless in full compliance with Article 33 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York, as amended, which article is fully incorporated herein by reference.
[Amended 11-5-1992]
A. 
Except where otherwise indicated by a crosswalk or other official traffic-control devices, a pedestrian shall cross a roadway at right angles to the curb or by the shortest route to the opposite curb.
B. 
No pedestrian shall cross a roadway other than in a crosswalk in the Central Business District.
C. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to designate locations where pedestrians are prohibited from crossing the roadway when official traffic-control devices are erected and in place.
[Amended 11-5-1987; 11-5-1992]
A. 
Parades; processions. The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to license, regulate or prohibit processions, assemblages, funerals or parades containing 100 or more persons or 50 or more vehicles, based upon an engineering and traffic investigation. Whenever such a procession, assemblage or parade, which has been authorized by the Traffic Engineer, will block the movement of traffic on a state highway maintained by the state, or on a highway which connects two state highways maintained by the state to make a through route, for a period in excess of 10 minutes, such authority must, prior to such blocking, provide and designate with conspicuous signs a detour adequate to prevent unreasonable delay in the movement of traffic on said highway maintained by the state.
B. 
Closing streets. The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to declare any street or portion thereof temporarily closed to motor vehicle through traffic, and he/she shall erect and maintain official traffic-control devices and barricades to indicate such closing. Whenever such street is closed, no person shall drive a vehicle upon such street or portion thereof except drivers of vehicles having businesses or whose residences are within such closed area, and then any said driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon such street.
C. 
Shopping centers. The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, with respect to the parking area of a shopping center or private development and pursuant to the written request of either the owner or the person in general charge of the operation and control of such parking area, to designate in accordance with the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York any applicable traffic regulations necessary to regulate and control traffic within such parking area.
D. 
Construction. No construction work, utility repairs, road maintenance work and similar activities which take place on the streets of this City shall be conducted without the proper and necessary traffic-control devices and equipment as required by the New York State Department of Transportation's Manual of Uniform Traffic-Control Devices.
E. 
Driveways. No new driveways intersecting a City street shall be constructed without first obtaining a driveway permit approved by the Traffic Engineer.
F. 
Parking in front of residences. No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle, motor vehicle or motorcycle in front of any residence, outside of the Central Business District, for any purpose except to discharge passengers or deliver merchandise to such residence, nor longer than actually necessary for such purpose, except with the consent of the owner or occupant of such residence. The owner or operator of any vehicle, motor vehicle or motorcycle which shall stop, stand or park in front of any such residence shall move such vehicle, motor vehicle or motorcycle therefrom immediately upon being notified to do so by the owner or occupant of such residence.
G. 
Parking permits for disabled persons. The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, to issue a disabled person parking permit to any owner or occupant of any residence who shows: that he/she is disabled; that the permit would alleviate a hardship; and that permission of the owner of the residence has been given. The license plate number of the principal vehicle in which access is needed shall be installed on the sign.
H. 
Vehicles engaged in the transportation of loose cargo. It shall be unlawful to operate on any public highway in the City of Troy any open truck or trailer being utilized for the transportation of earth, sand, stone or similar loose substances, unless said truck or trailer has a cover or tarpaulin which completely closes in the opening on said truck or trailer while said truck or trailer shall be so operated so as to prevent the falling of any such substances therefrom. However, if the load is at least six inches below the top of the sides of such truck, said covering is not necessary.
[Amended 11-5-1992]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to establish parking meter zones upon those streets or parts of streets and off-street parking areas where it is determined, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, that the installation of parking meters will be necessary to regulate parking and the flow of traffic. Within such zones, the parking of vehicles upon streets shall be regulated by parking meters during the hours and length of time as specified by the Traffic Engineer on all days except Sunday.
B. 
The Traffic Engineer shall have installed parking meters in the parking meter zones established as provided in this chapter upon the curb and/or sidewalk immediately adjacent to each designated parking space. Said meters shall be capable of being operated, either automatically or mechanically upon the deposit therein of designated amounts of United States currency, for the period of time for which parking is lawfully permitted in any such parking meter zone.
C. 
Each parking meter shall be so designed, constructed, installed and set that, upon the expiration of the time period registered by the deposit of one or more coins, as provided herein, it will indicate by an appropriate signal that the lawful parking meter period has expired and, during said lawful parking period of time and prior to the expiration thereof, will indicate the interval of time which remains of such period.
D. 
Each parking meter shall bear thereon a legend indicating the days and hours when the requirements to deposit coins therein shall apply, the value of the coins to be deposited, and the limited period of time for which parking is lawfully permitted in the parking meter zone in which such meter is located.
E. 
The Traffic Engineer may designate the parking space adjacent to each parking meter for which such meter is to be used by appropriate markings upon the curb and/or the pavement of the street. The parking meter spaces, if so designated, shall be of appropriate length and width so as to be visible from the traffic lanes of such street.
F. 
No person shall park a vehicle in any such parking meter space during the restricted or regulated time applicable to the parking meter zone in which such meter is located so that any part of such vehicle occupies more than one such space or protrudes beyond the space, except that a vehicle which is of a size too large to be parked within a single parking meter space shall be permitted to occupy two adjoining parking meter spaces when coins shall have been deposited in the parking meter for each space so occupied as is required for the parking of other vehicles in such spaces.
G. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to regulate the operation of parking meters in accordance with fees as authorized by the Troy City Council.
H. 
No person shall park a vehicle in any parking space upon a street alongside of and/or next to which a parking meter has been installed during the regulated time applicable to such meter unless a coin or coins of United States currency of the appropriate denomination shall have been deposited therein, or shall have been previously deposited therein for an unexpired interval of time, and said meter has been placed in operation.
I. 
No person shall permit a vehicle within his/her control to be parked in any such parking meter space during the regulated time applicable to such meter when a signal indicates that the lawful parking time in such space has expired. This provision shall not apply to the act of parking or the necessary time which is required to deposit immediately thereafter a coin or coins in such meter.
J. 
No person shall park a vehicle in any such parking meter space for a consecutive period of time longer than that limited period of time for which parking is lawfully permitted in the parking meter zone in which such meter is located, irrespective of the number or amounts of the coins in such meter.
K. 
The provisions of this section shall not relieve any person from the duty to observe other and more restrictive provisions of this chapter and the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York prohibiting or limiting the stopping, standing or parking of vehicles in specified places or at specified times.
L. 
No person shall deposit or attempt to deposit in any parking meter any slug, button or other device or substance as substitute for coins of United States currency. No person shall deface, injure, tamper with, open or willfully break, destroy or impair the usefulness of any parking meter.
M. 
The coins deposited in the parking meters shall be collected by the duly authorized agents of the City Treasurer and shall be deposited in the City of Troy general fund.
N. 
The Traffic Engineer shall be responsible for the installation, operation, maintenance and supervision of the parking meters in the City of Troy.
O. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to issue temporary permits for the covering of a parking meter during the time of and to the extent necessitated by building construction, razing operations, moving operations, utility work or any other temporary condition or emergency.
P. 
The provisions of this section may be temporarily suspended by the Traffic Engineer and he/she may prescribe temporarily such other rules and regulations as may be required.
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to regulate, maintain, and supervise the operation of all municipal parking facilities within the City of Troy.
[Amended 6-6-2013 by Ord. No. 37]
B. 
The Mayor shall establish parking fees at City-owned and -operated parking facilities. In the establishment of such fees, the Mayor shall consider current market conditions and public requirements for parking and the cost to the City for the operation and maintenance of such facilities. The Mayor may provide for variable uses and fees for each such facility in response to market conditions, in order to maximize public use of such facilities.
C. 
In establishing such uses and fees, the Mayor shall file a Parking Facility Use and Fee Plan for each such facility with the City Clerk and the President of the City Council at least 30 days prior to its proposed effective date. The City Clerk shall post notice of such plan at a conspicuous location in City Hall and provide members of the public with copies of such plan, upon request. The Mayor shall accept public comment on such plan for a period of not less than 21 days after such filing. The Mayor may adopt such plan at any time from 31 to 90 days after such filing, by issuing a Notice of Adoption of a Parking Facility Use and Fee Plan and filing it with the City Clerk and the President of the City Council. Such notice shall contain a written description of public comments received concerning the proposed plan and a written description of any significant changes in the plan from the original proposal and the reasons therefor. Such notice shall also prescribe a schedule of fees, which shall be posted conspicuously at the entrances to each parking facility for which such schedule is applicable.
D. 
Until such time as the Mayor shall issue a notice of adoption of a parking facility use and fee plan, as provided in Subsection C of this section, the monthly parking rate for customers using City-owned or -leased parking lots shall be as set forth below:
[Amended 12-5-2013 by Ord. No. 72; 9-4-2014 by Ord. No. 58]
Parking Facility
Rate
(per month)
Green Island Bridge Lot
$60
Fourth Street Lot
$60
"Y" Lot
$60
Congress Street Lot
$60
Fifth Avenue Parking Garage
$60
State Street Garage
$60
Front Street Garage
$60
E. 
Resident overnight off-street parking.
[Amended 12-5-2013 by Ord. No. 72]
(1) 
Purpose: To minimize overnight parking congestion with new residential development projects within the central business district, the City of Troy, New York, has implemented a reserved residential parking program and rents out a total of 636 spaces in four City-owned parking locations.
(2) 
Overnight resident parking locations:
(a) 
Front Street Parking Lot.
(b) 
State Street Parking Garage.
(c) 
Y Lot Parking Lot.
(d) 
Fifth Avenue Parking Garage.
(3) 
Cost for space is $10 per month.
(4) 
Hours of parking:
(a) 
Weekdays: 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 a.m.
(b) 
Weekends and holidays: all day.
(5) 
Signage: Reserved signage to be reimbursed by the contractor.
(6) 
Patrol and enforcement: Contractor will patrol and City of Troy Police Department will enforce.
(7) 
Eligibility: Car must be registered in New York State to a Troy address. Must be a resident of the Central Business District.
(8) 
Exceptions: lease vehicles, company cars, and full-time students.
[Amended 11-5-1992]
A. 
The Traffic Engineer is hereby authorized to prepare and maintain traffic-control device inventory to indicate the location, type, and time of installation of all traffic-control devices in the City of Troy.
B. 
This traffic-control device inventory shall include all rules and regulations adopted or implemented in accordance with this chapter.
[Amended 7-27-1978; 11-6-1980; 4-3-1986; 1-5-1989; 11-5-1992; 3-16-1994; 12-1-1994; 2-2-1995; 12-22-1995; 12-4-2014 by Ord. No. 78; 3-5-2015 by Ord. No. 21]
A. 
Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle unattended where it constitutes an obstruction to traffic or any place where stopping, standing or parking is prohibited or in any off-street, City-owned or City-leased public permit parking lot without display of a current parking permit or sticker in violation of § 270-13P, or when two or more fifty-dollar overtime parking violation tickets have been issued to a vehicle parked anywhere in the same block on the same day within the downtown business district or in any off-street nonpermit parking lot on the same day or when the owner of any such vehicle is delinquent, for a period of two weeks or more, in the payment of three or more parking violation fines, said officer is hereby authorized to provide for the removal of such vehicle, semitrailer or trailer to a garage, automobile pound or other place of safety as designated by the Bureau of Police.
B. 
The owner or other person lawfully entitled to the possession of such vehicle shall be charged a fee of $25 per day for vehicle storage. Said fee shall be charged commencing 24 hours after the time of the tow as indicated on the tow sheet and shall be payable prior to the release of the vehicle.
[Added 3-16-1994; amended 11-1-2001 by Ord. No. 9]
Whenever road conditions in the City shall become hazardous or such that the free movement of fire, health, police, emergency or vehicular traffic may become impeded by reason of snow, freezing rain, sleet, ice or other natural causes, the Mayor, upon the advice of the Chief of Police and the Commissioner of the Department of Public Works, may declare the existence of a snow emergency by giving public notice thereof at least eight hours before said snow emergency is commenced.
A. 
Notification. Upon the declaration of a snow emergency, the Mayor shall immediately notify the news media that a snow emergency has been declared in the City. Such notification shall constitute notice to the general public of a snow emergency.
B. 
Information. The Mayor shall establish a phone line which citizens may call for information regarding any declared snow emergency. Such information should be available 24 hours a day during said emergency. The Mayor shall take appropriate steps to publicize the phone number for said snow emergency information.
C. 
A snow emergency shall either commence at 8:00 a.m. or 8:00 p.m. A snow emergency, once declared, shall continue for a forty-eight-hour period. If conditions warrant, the Mayor, upon the advice of the Chief of Police and the Commissioner of the Department of Public Works, is authorized to continue the snow emergency for an additional forty-eight-hour period. Continuation of such snow emergency shall be conveyed to the public by radio and television announcements.
D. 
Vehicular parking is restricted during snow emergencies as follows:
(1) 
Upon commencement of a snow emergency, all vehicular parking on the odd-numbered side of City streets is prohibited for the first twenty-four-hour period.
(2) 
After 24 hours from the commencement of the snow emergency, vehicular parking on the even-numbered side of all City streets is prohibited for the second twenty-four-hour period.
(3) 
After 48 hours have lapsed from the commencement of the snow emergency, the snow emergency will be officially declared ended, unless such emergency is continued as specified in Subsection C.
(4) 
For any street that does not follow an odd/even-numbering system, the Department of Public Works shall indicate by the posting of temporary signs when and where parking is not permitted during the snow emergency, which shall constitute public notification.
(5) 
In addition to the odd/even parking restrictions, the City may restrict parking in designated areas for additional snow removal. Temporary appropriate signage will be posted in such areas, which shall constitute public notification.
(6) 
During a declared snow emergency, the provisions of this section shall supersede any other ordinance, resolution or regulation which may be inconsistent herewith.
E. 
Removal of vehicles from City streets:
(1) 
In addition to the penalties specified in Subsection F, any vehicle parked, stalled or otherwise unable to move during any snow emergency, in violation of the provisions of this section, shall be towed or caused to be moved under the directions of the Police Department or such City employees as might be designated by the Mayor. The vehicles shall be towed at the owner's expense, and such towing charges shall be paid prior to release of such vehicle.
(2) 
The owner or other person entitled to the possession of such vehicle shall be charged an all-inclusive tow fee of $155. In addition, the owner may be charged a storage fee of $25 per day for any vehicle not recovered within 24 hours of the tow. No fee for storage may accrue until after the first 24 hours. For the purpose of this section, the twenty-four-hour period begins at the time of the tow and ends at the same time on the next day.[1]
[Amended 3-5-2015 by Ord. No. 21]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection E(3), regarding an administrative fee, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 3-5-2015 by Ord. No. 21.
F. 
Penalties. In addition to the penalties specified in Subsection E, the owner of any vehicle parked in violation of this section shall be issued a parking ticket which shall subject such vehicle's owner to a fine of $50.
[Amended 3-5-2015 by Ord. No. 21]
[Amended 7-27-1978;  12-27-1979; 11-6-1980;  5-27-1982;  4-3-1986; 11-5-1987; 12-3-1987; 5-5-1988; 11-5-1993; 3-16-1994; 7-7-1994; 7-11-1996; 12-6-2001 by Ord. No. 10; 12-4-2014 by Ord. No. 78]
A. 
Violations deemed traffic infraction. It is a traffic infraction for any person to violate any of the provisions of this chapter unless such violation is declared to be a misdemeanor or a felony pursuant to the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York or any other law of this state.
B. 
General penalty. Unless another penalty is expressly provided by law, every person convicted of a violation of any provision of this chapter shall be punished by an original fine of not more than $175 or by imprisonment for not more than 15 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
[Amended 4-7-2016 by Ord. No. 18]
C. 
Specific fines enumerated. The Troy City Council hereby authorizes the following fines to be levied for the corresponding traffic infractions:
(1) 
Parking in excess of two-hour limit continuously in the same block on the same day or in a nonpermit off-street parking lot on the same day: $50.
(2) 
Fire hydrant: $110.
(3) 
Bus-stop: $50.
(4) 
No-parking zone: $50.
(5) 
No-standing zone: $50.
(6) 
No-stopping zone: $50.
(7) 
Double parking: $50.
(8) 
Parking in crosswalk: $50.
(9) 
Parking in driveway: $50.
(10) 
Parking on sidewalk: $50.
(11) 
Parking in intersection: $50.
(12) 
Other improper parking: $50.
(13) 
Parking in any City-owned or City-leased parking lot without display of a current parking permit or sticker in violation of § 270-13P: $50.
(14) 
Stopping, standing or parking a vehicle in any on-street area designated for handicapped parking unless the vehicle bears a valid handicapped permit per the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law: $175.
(15) 
Parking in violation of snow emergency: $50.
(16) 
Facing wrong direction: $50.
(17) 
Parked over 12 inches from curb: $50.
(18) 
Uninspected motor vehicle: $50.
(19) 
No valid registration sticker: $50.
(20) 
Allowing less than 10 feet for free flow of traffic: $50.
(21) 
Occupying more than one marked space: $50.
D. 
Fines credited to general fund. All fines, penalties and forfeitures collected upon conviction or upon forfeiture of bail by any person charged with a violation of this chapter shall be paid to the City of Troy and credited to its general fund.
E. 
Doubling and tripling of fine. Any fine levied pursuant to this section shall automatically double two weeks from the date of issue, and triple 60 days from the date of issue, unless during that time it shall have been paid, or unless during that time the individual receiving the ticket(s) protests the ticket(s) in accordance with the protest procedures in effect at the time of the issuance of the ticket.
[Amended 4-7-2016 by Ord. No. 18]
[Amended 11-5-1993; 12-6-2001 by Ord. No. 10]
A. 
The provisions of this traffic ordinance relating to the operation of vehicles refer exclusively to the operation of vehicles upon streets, except where a different place is specifically referred to in a given section.
B. 
This chapter shall not have a retroactive effect and shall not apply to any traffic accident, to any cause of action arising out of a traffic accident or judgment arising therefrom, or to any violation of the traffic ordinance of this City occurring prior to the effective date of this chapter.