[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Rockwood as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Alarm systems — See Ch. 9.
Building construction — See Ch. 45.
Mechanical standards — See Ch. 137.
Plumbing standards — See Ch. 171.
Signs — See Ch. 202.
Zoning — See Ch. 270.
Electrical fees — See Ch. A276.
Article I Enforcing Agency
Article II National Electrical Code
§ 65-5 Jurisdiction of Electrical Examining and Appeals Board; rules and regulations; appointment of Electrical Inspector.
[Adopted 4-19-2000 by Ord. No. 377]
Pursuant to the provisions of the Michigan Electrical Code and in accordance with the State Construction Code Act 1972, P.A. 230, as amended, the Building Official is hereby designated as the enforcing agency to discharge the responsibilities of the City of Rockwood, Michigan, under Michigan Electrical Code Act, 1972 P.A. 230, as amended. The City of Rockwood, Michigan, assumes the responsibility for administration and enforcement of said Act throughout its corporate limits.
[Adopted 11-21-2001 by Ord. No. 399]
A certain document, three copies of which are on file in the office of the Building Official or City Clerk of the City of Rockwood, being marked and designated as the "National Electrical Code, 1999 Edition," be and is hereby adopted by reference as the official Electrical Code of the City of Rockwood thereby establishing minimum legal requirements of the installation, maintenance, inspection and reinspection of electrical equipment in the City of Rockwood as herein provided; and each and all of the regulations, provisions, penalties, conditions and terms of said National Electrical Code, 1999 Edition, are hereby adopted by reference and made a part hereof, as if fully set forth in this article, with the additions, insertions and changes recommended by the National Fire Protection Association and described in § 65-3 of this article.
The National Electrical Code, 1999 Edition, as adopted in § 65-2, is hereby amended by reference by including the Department of Consumer and Industry Services, Electrical Rules Part 8.
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- APPRENTICE ELECTRICIAN
- An individual, other than an electrical contractor, master electrician or electrical journeyman, who is engaged in learning about and assisting in the installation or alteration of electrical wiring and equipment under the direct personal supervision of an electrical journeyman or master electrician.
- The City of Rockwood Electrical Examining and Appeals Board, the Downriver Area Examining Board established by the Reciprocal Electrical Council, Inc., or the Reciprocal Electrical Council, Inc.
- The City of Rockwood Building Department.
- ELECTRIC SIGN
- Fixed, stationary or portable self-contained, electrically illuminated equipment that has words or symbols designed to convey information or attract attention. The term includes outline lighting. "Electric sign" does not include those signs that are indoor or outdoor portable applications or recognized holiday residential signs listed with a recognized electrical testing laboratory and that use a cord cap-110 volt plug as the electrical energizing attachment method.
- ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR
- A person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of erecting, installing, altering, repairing, servicing or maintaining electrical wiring, devices, appliances or equipment.
- ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
- All electrical devices, in connection with the generation, distribution, communication and utilization of electrical energy, within or on a building, residence, structure or properties, including fire alarm and sign devices.
- ELECTRICAL INSPECTOR
- Any person who has the necessary qualifications, training, experience and technical knowledge to inspect all electrical apparatus for compliance with all applicable codes adopted by the City and who shall be the agent or employee of the Department designated by the Building Official as an Electrical Inspector. Inspectors shall be registered pursuant to Act 54 of the Public Acts of 1986, being MCLA 338.2301 et seq., and known as the "Building Officials and Inspectors Registration Act."
- ELECTRICAL JOURNEYMAN
- A person other than an electrical contractor who, as his or her principal occupation, is engaged in the practical installation or alteration of electrical wiring. An electrical contractor or master electrician may also be an electrical journeyman.
- ELECTRICAL WIRING
- All wiring, generating equipment, fixtures, appliances and appurtenances in connection with the generation, distribution, communication and utilization of electrical energy within or on a building, residence, structure or properties, and including service entrance wiring as defined by the National Electrical Code.
- FIRE ALARM CONTRACTOR
- A person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of erecting, installing, altering, repairing, servicing or maintaining wiring, devices, appliances or equipment of a fire alarm system.
- FIRE ALARM SPECIALTY APPRENTICE TECHNICIAN
- An individual, other than a fire alarm contractor or a fire alarm specialty technician, who is engaged in learning about and assisting in the installation or alteration of fire alarm system wiring and equipment under the direct supervision of a fire alarm specialty technician.
- FIRE ALARM SPECIALTY LICENSURE
- Licensure as a fire alarm contractor or a fire alarm specialty or apprentice technician.
- FIRE ALARM SPECIALTY TECHNICIAN
- A person other than a fire alarm contractor who, as his or her principal occupation, is engaged in the practical installation or alteration of fire alarm system wiring.
- FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
- A system designed to detect and annunciate the presence of fire, or by-products of fire, installed within a building or structure. "Fire alarm system" does not include a single-station smoke detector.
- JOB SITE
- The immediate work area within the property lines of a single construction project, alteration project or maintenance project where electrical construction or alteration of electrical wiring is in progress.
- MASTER ELECTRICIAN
- A person having the necessary qualifications, training, experience and technical knowledge to supervise the installation of electrical wiring and equipment in accordance with the standard rules and regulations governing that work.
- MINOR REPAIR WORK
- Electrical work such as repairing or replacing flush and snap switches, fuses, lamp sockets or receptacles; replacement of fixtures; repairing or taping bare connections; replacing lamps or the connection of portable electrical equipment to suitable, permanently installed receptacles; provided that the total value does not exceed $100.
- A city, village or township.
- OUTLINE LIGHTING
- An arrangement of incandescent lamps or electric discharge tubing which is an integral part of an electrical sign that outlines certain features, such as the shape of a building or the decoration of a window.
- Any natural person, firm, partnership, association or corporation and their legal successors. In all proceedings, actions or prosecutions hereunder, in which a corporation is the owner of any building, structure or part thereof, or of premises, any of its officers directors or persons in control or management thereof, as well as the corporation, shall be subject to the provisions of this article.
- RECIPROCAL ELECTRICAL COUNCIL, INC.
- The corporation established for the advancement of uniform principles and practices in examinations, licensing and code enforcement in connection with electrical wiring and equipment.
- A. Except as otherwise provided in Subsections B, C, and D hereof, that portion of the electric sign wiring that originates at the load-side terminals of a disconnecting means located in the vicinity of the electric sign involved, but does not include the installation of the disconnecting means, complete with line-side connections.
- B. In the case of electric sign installations having sign transformers installed physically apart from the electric sign, that portion of the electric sign wiring that originates at the load-side terminals of a disconnecting means located in the vicinity of the electric sign involved, but does not include the installation of the disconnecting means, complete with line-side connections.
- C. In the case of the freestanding electric sign installations supplied through underground circuit conductors, that portion of the electric sign wiring that originates at a wiring termination point adjacent to, within or immediately above the permanent base for the electric sign, but does not include, if the base of the sign structure is suitable for use as a raceway, the installation of bushing, complete with free-length circuit conductors extending through to accommodate the connection of the related wiring within the sign structure raceway.
- D. In the case of electric signs specifically designed to be connected directly to the building wiring raceway or cable supply, that portion of the electric sign wiring that originates at the point where the free-length circuit conductors extend through the building wiring raceway or cable at the specifically designed supply location for the electric sign involved, but does not include the installation of the building wiring raceway or cable system to the specifically designated point of supply for the electric sign involved, complete with free-length circuit conductors extending through the building wiring raceway or cable to accommodate the connection of the related wiring.
- SIGN SPECIALIST
- A person who, as his or her principal occupation, is engaged in the installation, alteration or repair of electric signs.
- SIGN SPECIALTY CONTRACTOR
- A person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of manufacturing, installing, maintaining, connecting or repairing electric sign wiring or devices, including wiring that is directly related to electric signs and is electrically dedicated as a sign circuit beginning at the load side of the sign circuit disconnect.
- SIGN SPECIALTY LICENSURE
- Licensure as a sign specialist or sign specialty contractor.
§ 65-5 Jurisdiction of Electrical Examining and Appeals Board; rules and regulations; appointment of Electrical Inspector.
The Electrical Examining and Appeals Board, also referred to in this article as "the Board," shall have and hereby is given jurisdiction, subject to review as hereinafter provided, over the inspection of all electrical installations, including changes, repairs and additions thereto, within the jurisdiction of the City. The City, at its option, may delegate the authority of the Electrical Examining and Appeals Board to the Reciprocal Electrical Council.
The Board is hereby empowered and it shall be its duty to promulgate and recommend such rules and regulations concerning electrical work in the City as may be required to properly provide for the situations therein. The rules and regulations so made by the Board shall be effective upon approval by the City and the Michigan Construction Code Commission and shall take precedence over plans, specifications and National Electrical Code rules.
The Mayor shall appoint (an) electrical inspector(s), who shall be licensed as an electrical journeyman or master electrician and who shall inspect all electrical installations and report to the inspection authority. This jurisdiction shall apply to the installation of electrical wiring, electrical devices, apparatus and equipment for connection to electrical supply systems except as provided in § 65-9A and B.
When an application is made for a permit, license, registration or examination required under the terms of this article, a fee shall be paid in an amount as prescribed from time to time by resolution of Council.
Subject to the Constitution and the laws of the state, the Electrical Inspector and/or his or her deputy shall have the right during reasonable hours to enter any building in the discharge of his or her official duties for the purpose of making any inspection or test of the installation of electrical wiring, electrical devices and/or electrical materials contained therein and shall have the authority to cause the turning off of all electrical supply and to disconnect, in cases of emergency, any wire where such electrical currents are dangerous to life or property or may interfere with the work of the Fire Department.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to install, alter, maintain, service or repair electrical equipment in or on any building, structure or part thereof, or on premises, or cause or permit therein or thereon the installation, altering, maintaining, servicing or repairing of any electrical equipment without a permit having been obtained therefor as provided herein. Nothing in this section shall be considered as applying to any person engaged in repairing and maintaining electrical appliances.
Permits shall be issued only to the following:
Licensed electrical contractors.
Licensed fire alarm contractors.
Licensed sign specialty contractors.
A bona fide owner of a single-family residence which is, or will be on completion, his or her own place of residence, and no part of which is used for rental or commercial purposes nor is now contemplated for such purpose, provided that the owner applies for and secures a permit, pays the fee, does the work himself or herself in accordance with the provisions hereof, applies for inspections and receives approval thereof. Failure to comply with these requirements will subject the owner's permit to cancellation.
No person, firm or corporation shall engage in the business of electrical contracting, fire alarm contracting or sign contracting unless such person, firm or corporation shall have received from the state or the appropriate municipality the appropriate contractor's license. Nor shall any person other than an electrical journeyman, except a person duly licensed and employed by and working under the direction of a holder of an electrical contractor's license, fire alarm contractor's license or sign contractor's license, in any manner undertake to execute any electrical wiring, except no license shall be required by the Board to perform the work indicated in Subsections G and I to N hereof, nor shall a license or permit be required to execute the work covered by Subsections A to F and H hereof:
The installation, alteration, repairing, rebuilding or remodeling of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators or man lifts performed under a permit issued by an elevator inspection agency of the state or a political subdivision of the state.
The installation, alteration or repair of electrical equipment and its associated wiring, installed on the premises of consumers or subscribers by or for electrical energy supply or communication agencies for use by such agencies in the generation, transmission, distribution or metering of electrical energy or for the operation of signals or transmission of intelligence, not including fire alarm systems.
The installation, alteration or repair of electric wiring for the generation and primary distribution of electric current or the secondary distribution system, up to and including the meters, where such work is an integral part of the system owned and operated by an electric light and power utility in rendering its duly authorized service.
Any work involved in the manufacture of electric equipment, including the testing and repairing of such manufactured equipment.
The installation, alteration or repair of equipment and its associated wiring for the generation or distribution of electric energy for the operation of signals or transmission of intelligence, where such work is in connection with a communication system owned or operated by a telephone or telegraph company in rendering its duly authorized service as a telephone or telegraph company.
Any installation, alteration or repair of electrical equipment by a homeowner in a single-family home and accompanying outbuildings owned and occupied or to be occupied by the person performing the installation, alteration or repair of electrical equipment.
Any work involved in the use, maintenance, operation, dismantling or reassembling of motion picture and theatrical equipment used in any building with approved facilities for entertainment or educational use and which has the necessary permanent wiring, floor and wall receptacle outlets designed for the proper and safe use of such theatrical equipment, but not including any permanent wiring.
Work performed by mechanical contractors licensed in classifications listed in Section 6(3)(a), (b) and (d) to (f) of the Forbes Mechanical Contractor Act, Act 192 of the Public Acts of 1984, being MCLA 338.976, plumbing contractors licensed under Act 266 of the Public Acts of 1929, being MCLA 338.901 to 338.917 and employees of persons licensed under Act 192 of the Public Acts of 1984 and Act 266 of the Public Acts of 1929 while performing maintenance, service, repair, replacement, alteration, modification, reconstruction or upgrading of control wiring circuits and electrical component parts within existing mechanical systems defined in the Mechanical and Plumbing Codes provided for in the State Construction Code Act of 1972, including, but not limited to, energy management systems, relays and controls on boilers, water heaters, furnaces, air-conditioning compressors and condensers, fan controls, thermostats and sensors, and all manufacturer prewired system wiring associated with the mechanical systems in buildings which are on the load side of the unit disconnect, which is located on or immediately adjacent to the equipment, except for life safety systems wiring.
Electrical wiring associated with the installation, removal, alteration or repair of a water well pump on a single-family dwelling to the first point of attachment in the house from the well, by a registered pump installer under Part 127 of the Public Health Code, Act 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being MCLA 333.12701 to 333.12771.
The installation, maintenance or servicing of burglar alarm systems within a building or structure.
The installation, maintenance or servicing of residential lawn sprinkling equipment.
The installation, alteration, maintenance or repair of electric signs and related wiring by an unlicensed individual under the direct supervision of a licensed sign specialist, except that the ratio of unlicensed individuals engaged in this activity shall not exceed two unlicensed individuals to one licensed sign specialist. An enforcing agency shall enforce this ratio on a job-site basis.
The construction, installation, maintenance, repair and renovation of telecommunications equipment and related systems by a person, firm or corporation primarily engaged in the telecommunications and related information systems industries. This exemption does not include the construction, installation, maintenance, repair and renovation of a fire alarm system.
Upon the completion of the wiring of any building, it shall be the duty of the person, firm or corporation installing the same to notify the Building Official, who shall notify the Electrical Inspector to inspect the installation as soon as possible, and if it is found to be fully in compliance with this article and does not constitute a hazard to life and property, he or she shall issue upon request to such person, firm or corporation for delivery to the owner a certificate of inspection.
All wires which are to be hidden from view shall be inspected before concealment, and any person, firm or corporation installing such wires shall notify the Building Official or the Electrical Inspector, giving sufficient time in which to make the required inspection before such wires are concealed.
The Electrical Inspector may, when specifically authorized by state law or separate municipal ordinance, make, periodically, a thorough reinspection of the installation in buildings of all electrical wiring, electrical devices and electrical material now installed or that may hereafter be installed within the City. When the installation of any such wiring, devices and/or material is found to be in a dangerous or unsafe condition, the person, firm or corporation owning, using or operating the same shall be notified and shall make the necessary repairs or changes required to place such wiring, devices and material in a safe condition, and have such work completed within 15 days or any longer period specified by the Electrical Inspector in said notice. The Electrical Inspector is hereby empowered to disconnect or order in writing the discontinuance of electrical service to such wiring, devices and/or material found to be defectively installed until the installation of such wiring, devices and material has been made safe as directed by the Electrical Inspector.
No certificate of inspection shall be issued unless the electrical installation is in strict conformity with the provisions of this article, the statutes of the state and the rules and regulations issued by the Michigan Public Service Commission under the authority of the state statutes, and unless it is in conformity with approved methods of construction for safety to persons and property. The regulations as laid down in the National Electrical Code (NFPA 70), the Michigan Building, Mechanical and Plumbing Codes and NFPA Standards 71, 72, 73 and 74, for fire alarm systems, as approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and in the amendments, rules and regulations established as hereinafter provided, shall be prima facie evidence of such approved methods.
It shall be unlawful to install or use any electrical device, apparatus or equipment designed for attachment to, or installation on, any electrical circuit or system for heat, light, power or fire alarm system that is not of good design and construction and safe and adequate for its intended use. The Electrical Inspector shall have power to disapprove the use or installation of devices not fulfilling these requirements.
Devices, apparatus and equipment listed by such generally recognized authorities as United States Bureau of Standards or by qualified electrical testing laboratories such as Electrical Testing Laboratories (ETL), Underwriters' Laboratories (UL) or Factory Mutual (FM) may be given the approval by the Electrical Inspector unless explicitly disapproved by said authority for reasons of faulty design or poor construction involving danger to persons and/or property.
The Building Official shall keep complete records of all permits issued and inspections made, and other official work performed under this article.
When the Electrical Inspector condemns all or part of any electrical installation, the owner or his or her agent may, within five days after receiving written notice from the Electrical Inspector, file a petition in writing for review of said action of the Electrical Inspector with the Electrical Appeals Board. Upon receipt of the petition, the Board shall at once proceed to determine whether said electrical installation complies with this article and within three days shall make a decision in accordance with its findings.
The Electrical Board is hereby established, consisting of the City Building Official, the Electrical Inspector, a representative of the electric utility company, a licensed electrical contractor who is also a licensed master electrician, a licensed master electrician and an electrical engineer. The members of said Board shall be appointed by the Mayor for such terms as shall be designated at the time of appointment.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to engage in the business of electrical contractor, fire alarm contractor or sign specialty contractor and install, alter or repair electrical wiring, equipment, apparatus or fixtures for light, heat, power or fire alarm systems in or about buildings and/or structures located within the City without first having procured the appropriate contractor's license from the State of Michigan and having registered with the City.
Licensing. It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in the occupation or trade of master, journeyman or apprentice electrician in the installation, alteration, maintenance or repair or electrical wiring equipment, apparatus or fixtures for light, heat, power or medical purposes in or about buildings and/or structures within the City without having first obtained a license or apprentice registration from the State of Michigan and having registered with the City.
Supervision of apprentice's work. All electrical work done by apprentice electricians shall be performed under the direct personal supervision of a journeyman or master electrician who shall be on the premises at all times when such apprentice electricians are performing such work.
Except as otherwise provided in Subsection D hereof, the ratio of electrical journeymen or master electricians to registered apprentice electricians shall be on the basis of one electrical journeyman or master electrician to one registered apprentice electrician. The Department shall enforce the ratio on a job-site basis.
Notwithstanding Subsection C hereof, in the case of a residential single-family dwelling or a multifamily dwelling not exceeding eight units per building, the Department shall enforce the apprentice electrician ratio on the basis of one electrical journeyman or master electrician to two registered apprentice electricians on a job-site basis.
It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in the occupation of a fire alarm specialty technician within the City without having first having obtained a license or appropriate registration from the State of Michigan and having registered with the City.
Licensing or registration. It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in the occupation of a fire alarm apprentice within the City without having first obtained a license or appropriate registration from the State of Michigan and having registered with the City.
The ratio of fire alarm specialty technicians to registered fire alarm specialty apprentice technicians shall be on the basis of one fire alarm specialty technician to two registered fire alarm specialty apprentice technicians. The Department shall enforce the ratio on a job-site basis.
It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in the occupation or trade of a sign specialist within the City without first having obtained a license or appropriate registration from the State of Michigan and having registered with the City.
Registrations. Electrical contractors, fire alarm contractors, sign specialty contractors, master electricians, journeyman electricians, fire alarm specialty technicians and sign specialists and their apprentices working within the City shall be required to register with the City prior to engaging in work within City boundaries.
Annual registration. Registrations shall expire on December 31 of each year and shall be renewed upon application by the licensee, together with payment of the required fee.
Nontransferability. Registrations issued under this article shall be nontransferable and shall be displayed when required. Electrical, fire and sign contractor's licensed under the terms of this article shall not secure permits for work to be done by any person not employed by said contractor, and the license may be revoked for violation of this section.
No license shall be recognized by the City unless such licenses are issued by a municipality that has adopted an ordinance under Section 6 of Electrical Administrative Act 217, or the Michigan Electrical Administrative Board.
The City shall permit electrical, fire, and sign contractors lawfully licensed within the state to install, alter or repair electrical wiring, equipment, apparatus or fixtures for light, heat, power or fire alarm system purposes within the corporate limits of the City upon payment of a registration fee, provided that such authorities reciprocate in recognizing said contractors who are duly licensed under the provisions of this article by granting them the same privilege.
The Building Department shall have the authority to investigate the activities of a person licensed or registered under this article or Electrical Administrative Act 217 which are related to the person's licensure or registration as an electrical, fire alarm or sign contractor, master or journeyman electrician, fire alarm specialty technician, sign specialist, electrician apprentice or fire alarm or sign contractor, master or journeyman electrician, fire alarm specialty technician, sign specialist, electrician apprentice or fire alarm specialty apprentice technician, which activities include, but are not limited to, the grounds described in Subsection G(1) hereof. The Department may hold hearings and shall report its findings to the Board.
Grounds for board action shall be as follows:
Fraud or deceit in obtaining a license or registration under this article or the Act.
The willful violation of a code.
A violation of this article or rules, or the Act, except in the case of a minor violation.
Failure to produce the identification card for a license or registration and at least one piece of identification containing the individual's picture when requested by the Electrical Inspector.
Recommendation by the Michigan Electrical Administrative Board or any other municipal board to suspend or revoke a license or registration issued by this Board.
The Board shall impose one or more of the following sanctions for a violation in Subsection G(1) hereof:
For two violations of this article within a period of two years, the Board may double the fine imposed under this article.
For three violations of this article within a period of three years, the Board shall revoke the person's registration and permanently deny the person's reapplication for a registration of the class revoked.
If restitution is required to be made by registrant under this section, the Board may suspend the registration of the person required to make the restitution until restitution is made.
The provisions of this article shall not apply to apparatus and equipment installed by or for any utility operating under jurisdiction of the Michigan Public Service Commission in the exercise of its function as a utility and when such apparatus or equipment is used primarily for the purpose of communication or metering, or for the generation, control, transformation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy.
This article shall not be construed to relieve from or lessen the responsibility or liability of any party owning, operating, controlling or installing any electrical wiring, electrical devices and/or electrical material for damages to persons or property caused by any defect therein, nor shall the City or the Electrical Inspector be held as assuming any such liability by reason of the inspection authorized herein, or certificate of inspection issued as herein provided.
Except as provided for in Chapter 1, General Provisions, Article I, a person licensed or registered under this article who commits a violation of this article that is not a minor violation as described in the general rules, or a person not licensed or registered under this article who is performing any activity regulated by this article, is guilty of a civil violation, punishable by a fine of not less than $1,000 per day for each day the violation occurs, except that a fine shall not exceed $5,000 in total per violation. A second or subsequent violation is punishable by a fine of not less than $2,000 per day for each day the violation occurs, except that a fine shall not exceed $10,000 in total per violation.