Village of Highland Falls, NY
Orange County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Highland Falls 2-2-2000 by L.L. No. 1-2000. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 70.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 207.
Zoning — See Ch. 240.
The intent and purpose of this chapter is to provide and ensure fair housing opportunities for all within the Village of Highland Falls. This chapter shall and does prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin in the sale, rental or advertising of dwellings, in the provision of brokerage services and in the availability of residential real-estate-related transactions.
A. 
For the purpose of this chapter, certain words or phrases herein shall be interpreted as follows, except where the context clearly indicates the contrary: Words used in the singular include the plural, words used in the present tense include the future tense, and the word "shall" is always mandatory.
B. 
For the purpose of this chapter, certain terms or words herein shall be defined as follows:
DISCRIMINATORY HOUSING PRACTICE
An act that is unlawful under §§ 91-3, 91-4 and 91-5.
DWELLING
Any building, structure or portion thereof which is occupied as, or designated or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families, and means any vacant land which is offered for sale or lease for the construction or location thereon of any such building, structure or portion thereof.
FAMILY
Includes a single individual.
PERSON
Includes one or more individuals, corporations, partnerships, associations, labor organizations, legal representatives, mutual companies, joint-stock companies, trusts, unincorporated organizations, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, receivers and fiduciaries.
TO RENT
Includes to lease, to sublease, to let and otherwise to grant for a consideration the right to occupy premises not owned by the occupant.
Except as exempted by § 91-6, it shall be unlawful within the Village of Highland Falls:
A. 
To refuse to sell or rent after the making of a bonafide offer, or to refuse to negotiate for the sale or rental of, or otherwise make unavailable or deny, a dwelling to any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin.
B. 
To discriminate against any person in the terms, conditions or privileges of sale or rental of a dwelling, or in the provision of services or facilities in connection therewith, because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin.
C. 
To make, print or publish, or cause to be made, printed or published, any notice, statement or advertisement with respect to the sale or rental of a dwelling that indicates any preference, limitation or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin, or an intention to make any such preference, limitation or discrimination.
D. 
To represent to any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin that any dwelling is not available for inspection, sale or rental when such dwelling is in fact so available.
E. 
For profit, to induce or attempt to induce any person to sell or rent any dwelling by representatives regarding the entry or prospective entry into the neighborhood of a person or persons of a particular race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin.
A. 
Except as limited by Subsection B below, it shall be unlawful within the Village of Highland Falls for any bank, building and loan association, insurance company or other corporation, association, firm or enterprise whose business consists in whole or in part in the making of commercial real estate loans to deny a loan or other financial assistance to a person applying therefor for the purpose of purchasing, constructing, improving, repairing or maintaining a dwelling; or to discriminate against him in the fixing of the amount, interest rate, duration or other terms or conditions of such loan or other financial assistance because of the race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin of such person or of any person associated with him in connection with such loan, or other financial assistance, or the purposes of such loan or other financial assistance, or of the present or prospective owners, lessees, tenants or occupants of the dwelling or dwellings in relation to which such loan or other financial assistance is to be made or given.
B. 
Nothing contained in Subsection A above shall impair the scope or effectiveness of the exceptions contained in § 91-6.
It shall be unlawful within the Village of Highland Falls to deny any person access to or membership or participation in any multiple-listing service, real estate broker's organization or other service, organization or facility relating to the business of selling or renting dwellings; or to discriminate against him in the terms or conditions of such access, membership or participation on account of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin.
A. 
Sales/rentals by owners. Nothing in § 91-3 (other than Subsection C thereof) shall apply to:
(1) 
Any single-family house sold or rented by the owner; provided, however,
(a) 
That such private individual owner does not own more than three such single-family houses at any one time; and
(b) 
That in the case of the sale of any such single-family house by a private individual owner not residing in such house at the time of such sale, or who was not the recent resident of such housing prior to such sale, the exception granted by this subsection shall apply only with respect to one such sale within any twenty-four-month period; and
(c) 
That such bona fide private individual owner does not own any interest in, nor is there owned or reserved on his behalf under any express or voluntary agreement, title to any right to all or a portion of the proceeds from the sale or rental of more than three such single-family houses at one time; and
(d) 
That the sale or rental of any such single-family house shall be excepted from the application of this chapter only if such house is sold or rented without the use, in any manner, of the sales or rental facilities or the sales or rental services of any real estate broker, agent or salesman, or of such facilities or services of any real estate broker, agent or salesman, or of such facilities or services of any person in the business of selling or renting dwellings, or of any employee or agent of any such broker, agent, salesman or person; and without the publication, posting or mailing, after notice, of any advertisements or written notice in violation of § 91-3 of this chapter. However, nothing in this Subsection A(1)(d) shall prohibit the use of attorneys, escrow agents, abstractors, title companies and other such professional assistance as may be necessary to perfect or transfer the title.
(2) 
Rooms or units in dwellings containing living quarters occupied or intended to be occupied by no more than four families living independently of each other, if the owner actually maintains and occupies one of such living quarters as his residence. For the purpose of this exemption, a person shall be deemed to be in the business of selling or renting dwellings and is not covered by this exemption if:
(a) 
He has, within the preceding 12 months, participated as principal in three or more transactions involving the sale or rental of any dwelling or any interest therein; or
(b) 
He has, within the preceding 12 months, participated as agent, other than in the sale of his own personal residence, in providing sales or rental facilities or sales or rental services in two or more transactions involving the sale or rental of any dwelling or any interest therein; or
(c) 
He is the owner of any dwelling designed or intended for occupancy by, or occupied by, five or more families.
B. 
Sales/rentals by religious organizations. Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit a religious organization, association or society, or any nonprofit institution or organization operated, supervised or controlled by or in conjunction with a religious organization, association or society, from limiting the sale, rental or occupancy of dwellings which it owns or operates for other than a commercial purpose to persons of the same religion, or from giving preference to such persons, unless membership in such religion is restricted on account of race, color, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin; nor shall anything in this chapter prohibit a private club not in fact open to the public, which as an incident to its primary purpose or purposes provides lodgings which it owns or operates for other than a commercial purpose, from limiting the rental or occupancy of such lodgings to its members or from giving preference to its members.
A. 
Authority and responsibility. The authority and responsibility for publicizing, administering and enforcing this chapter shall be in the Village's Fair Housing Officer, to be appointed by the Board of Trustees.
B. 
Violations. Violations of this chapter shall be reported in person or in writing to the Village's Fair Housing Officer within a year of the alleged discriminatory housing practice.
C. 
Enforcement. Where sufficient cause exists to believe that the terms of this chapter have been violated, the Fair Housing Officer shall institute a suit in any court of competent jurisdiction against the alleged violator.
D. 
Penalties. Where a person or organization has been found, by a court of competent jurisdiction, in violation of this chapter, a fine shall be imposed on such person or organization not to exceed $10,000 for a first offense; $25,000 for a second offense; and $50,000 for a third offense. Each and every separate violation of this chapter shall be deemed a distinct offense for the purposes of imposing the appropriate fine.
A. 
Amendment. The Board of Trustees may, on its own initiative or on petition, amend, supplement or repeal the provisions of this chapter in conformity with applicable law after public notice and hearing.
B. 
Interpretation. In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this chapter shall be held to be minimum requirements, adopted for the promotion of the public health, morals, safety or the general welfare. Whenever the requirements of this chapter are at variance with the requirements of any other lawfully adopted rules, regulations or ordinances, the most restrictive, or that imposing the highest standards, shall govern.
C. 
Validity. The invalidity of any section or provision of this chapter shall not invalidate any other section or provision thereof.