Village of Montour Falls, NY
Schuyler County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Montour Falls as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Sewers — See Ch. 117.
[Adopted 1-20-1975 by L.L. No. 1-1975]
A. 
Unless this article specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of terms used herein shall be as follows:
BILLING DATE
The date printed upon the consumer's bill.
BILLING PERIOD
A monthly/bimonthly period unless otherwise indicated.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
CONSUMER
Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group using water or sewer facilities provided by the Village or a water or sewer district operated by the Village.
DATE PAID
The date received by the Village Clerk or by postmark date on an envelope sent to the Village Clerk.
OWNER
The party or parties, individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group designated on the Town and/or Village assessment roll.
WATER AND SEWER BILLING NOTICES
The monthly/bimonthly bill sent to the consumer by the Village.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
B. 
"Shall" means mandatory action. "May" means permissive action.
[Amended 10-15-2007 by L.L. No. 7-2007]
All water and/or sewer bills will be sent to the owner, regardless of who is the consumer.
These rules and regulations shall be a part of the contract with any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group that is supplied with water by the Village of Montour Falls or is provided with sewage facilities in accordance with Chapter 117, Sewers, effective January 6, 1992:
A. 
The Village will supply water to consumers and premises through its existing facilities provided therefor and through existing facilities as, in the discretion of the Board of Trustees of the Village, may be desirable or necessary, in accordance with the scheduled rates and charges on file in the office of the Village Clerk, which schedule of rates is hereby made a part of these rules and regulations.
B. 
The Village undertakes to use reasonable diligence and care to provide at all times a constant supply of water at adequate pressure, but assumes no liability for failure of the supply nor for any damage caused by bursting or breaking of any mains or service pipe or any attachment of the waterworks of the Village. The Village reserves the right at any time, without notice, to shut off the water temporarily for the purpose of making repairs, changes or improvements to the system. In case of shutdown, reasonable effort will be made to notify the consumers, but no liability will be assumed for failure to do so. All consumers having boilers upon their premises depending upon the pressure in the pipes of the Village are hereby cautioned against danger of collapse, and all such damage must be borne exclusively by the consumer.
C. 
No persons except Village officers and/or duly authorized employees of the Village shall do any repair work upon or operate the mains (including fire protection mains), valves, fire hydrants (public or private), meters or curb boxes of the Village except in the case of fire hydrants. Members of organized Fire Departments may operate them in the performance of their duties or for directed drill.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
D. 
The Village Board reserves the right to amend with notice these rules and regulations and the scheduled rates and charges governing the furnishing of water, and a copy of the amended rules shall be on file at all times in the Montour Falls Village Clerk's office.
E. 
Sewer service shall continue to be provided in accordance with Chapter 117, Sewers, effective January 6, 1992.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 
All houses, buildings or properties shall be connected to the public sewer lines in accordance with Chapter 117, Sewers, Article III.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
B. 
The owner of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment or recreation or other properties situated within the Village of Montour Falls and abutting upon any street or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public water main of the Village is hereby required to connect such facilities directly with the proper main waterline in accordance with the provisions of this Article within 90 days after official notification to do so, provided that said public water is accessible and available.
A. 
For the introduction of water into any premises or for the extension of any pipe for the conveyance of water, application must be made to the Village Clerk by the owner of the real property or his/her duly authorized agent on a form furnished by the Village Clerk for that purpose. The application must be accompanied by payment of an installation fee for new hookups as set by the Board of Trustees.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
B. 
No water service will be connected unless all delinquent Village real property taxes, penalties and interest on the applicant's real property are paid in full.
A. 
The service connection from the Village water main to the street right-of-way will be installed by the Village. Included in the installation is the following equipment: a corporation stop, service pipe to curb stop, curb stop, curb box and meter.
B. 
Title to all services up to one inch from water main to property and meter and meter installations up to one inch is vested in and the same shall at all times remain the sole property of the Village and shall not be trespassed upon or interfered with in any respect. This property may be removed or changed by the Village at any time. The Village reserves the right to inspect all meters and installations in excess of one inch and to require necessary repair of the same at the property owner's expense. All costs relating to the installation of service larger than one inch is to be borne by the property owner.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
C. 
The necessary labor and materials for completing the installation from the curb stop to the meter shall be furnished and paid for by the applicant for water service. The installation of such materials shall be tested and approved by a representative of the Village before the trench in which the same shall have been installed is backfilled. If any defects in workmanship or materials are found or if the consumer's service pipe has not been installed within the Village's specifications or requirements, water service will not be turned on until such defects have been remedied; if water service has been turned on before discovery of such defects, the service may be turned off until the defects are remedied.
D. 
Each and every premises must have a separate service pipe. The service line from the curb box or meter to the property owner's premises shall be laid and maintained by property owner at his/her own cost. The line shall be of ample size and of standard weight and quality, and all cutoffs, valves, fixtures and appliances furnished by the property owner shall be maintained in good order and condition.
E. 
An approved backflow prevention device shall be placed in every service pipe immediately beyond the stops and waste valve in accordance with Article II.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
F. 
Service pipe must be laid in a separate and distinct trench by itself, with a four-foot separation from other utilities with a minimum five-foot cover. Service pipe shall be hand covered with a minimum six-inch safety cover.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
G. 
No connections are permitted in a service pipe between the main in the street and the meter.
H. 
The curb stop box shall be adjusted so that the top is level with the surface of the ground. It must not be covered and shall always be accessible.
I. 
Wherever possible, the water supply pipe shall be laid in a single piece without joints between stops and fittings. Services exceeding 100 feet in length shall require a meter pit to be supplied by the property owner.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I. Former Subsection J, dealing with connections between the corporation stop and meter, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
J. 
A compression-type stop and waste cock must be placed in every service pipe immediately inside the building wall and so situated that the water to the premises can be completely shut off, draining the meter and system, to enable repairs on meter and to prevent freezing when not in use.[5]
[5]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection L, dealing with the use of bushings, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
K. 
Water service pipes in buildings shall be so located as to be adequately protected against frost.[6]
[6]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I. Former Subsection N, dealing with the use of exposed locations, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 
As security for the payment of water and/or sewer bills and in accordance with future regulations adopted by the Village, the Village may require of an applicant for water or sewer services or any consumer and/or owner to whom the Village may be supplying water or sewer services a deposit equal to six times the actual or estimated monthly bill. The deposit required of applicants will be payable at the time of an application, and deposits required of consumers and/or owners will be payable upon demand.
B. 
When service is discontinued and final bills are paid or when the owner and/or consumer has established satisfactory credit, the deposit will be refunded to the person making the deposit.
A. 
All premises taking water service and all premises applying for the same must be accessible and open to the inspection of Village officers and/or qualified employees of the Village at all reasonable hours for the purpose of examining material used in such services, which, if found to be unfit for the purpose, shall be subject to rejection by the Village.
B. 
If at any time a defect appears in any property owner's line, such defect or damage shall be repaired by the property owner, subject to the qualifications established by these rules and regulations, and shall be approved by the Village before backfilling. In case the property owner fails to make immediate repairs, the Village will shut off the water.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
A. 
All new service connections for water shall be through a meter. Bulk sales of water may be made with the approval of the Superintendent.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
B. 
When application for water service has been granted and the fee paid, the Village will install water service and/or the sewer lateral for connection by the property owner.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
C. 
The meter must be set in its permanent position inside the building wall and beyond the outlet of the stop and waste cock.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
D. 
The meter, as well as the stop and waste cock and double-check valve, must not be placed under floors or in similarly inaccessible locations. Their location must be readily accessible to Village officers and qualified employees of the Village for the purpose of reading the meter, inspection and repair.[4]
[4]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
E. 
Meters shall be located so that there are no takeoffs in front of them.
F. 
Meters shall be adequately protected by the consumer from freezing.
G. 
No bypass around the meter is allowed.
H. 
The size of the meter to be set in any water service shall be determined by the Village.
I. 
If, in the judgment of the Village, local conditions require it, the meter will be set outside the building in a special box at the public right-of-way boundary and at the expenses of the property owner.[5]
[5]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
J. 
The Village shall furnish all meters up to one inch. The Village will exchange a meter in good working order for one which has become defective or inaccurate free of charge, provided that such defect or inaccuracy is not due to the fault, negligence or carelessness of the property owner or occupants of the premises or guests present therein. All meters shall be sealed and shall be subject to the exclusive control and jurisdiction of the Village.[6]
[6]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
When requested, the Village may furnish more than one meter for a single service on the following conditions:
A. 
The owner must provide, at his/her own expense, a suitable header pipe or manifold installed adjacent to and directly after the stop and waste cock and double-check valve, which is placed in the water service pipe close to its entrance through the building wall of the property. This header serves to divide the water into the requisite number of divisions. Each subdivision will leave the header with a short nipple, then a stop and waste cock shall be placed from which the subdivision service shall run to its appointed place.
B. 
Each meter will represent a separate account on the books of the Village, and a separate charge will be made and collected for each account as if each meter represented a separate property.
C. 
The property owner shall, however, be liable for all unpaid water bills so charged as provided by this Article which will be a lien against the property.
D. 
The Village will charge for any additional meter and the installation of the meter.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
The Village shall make all meter repairs up to one inch, and all persons other than Village officers and qualified employees of the Village are strictly prohibited from removing the meter or tampering with it in any way. Notification must be made to the Superintendent when repairs are to be made to meters in excess of one inch. Repairs made necessary by the carelessness or negligence of the owner or occupants of the premises or of guests therein shall be charged for by the Village at prevailing rates and the owner shall be liable therefor. Other repairs to meters shall be made without charge.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
No connection between the Village water supply and any other water supply will be permitted, in accordance with Article II.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
Property owners vacating premises or having premises which consumers have vacated must promptly notify the Village, in writing, that the water may be shut off and the meter read, and the owners of the premises will be held responsible for the water rent until such notice is given, and no water will be furnished such property owner or in a new location until said water rent has been paid.
A. 
A water service, such as sprinkler connections, standpipe connections and similar non-revenue-producing services, shall not be installed unless the property owner served by such connection pays the entire cost of such connection.
B. 
A plan of the proposed system must be filed with the Village Board together with the application for the service. If installation is acceptable to the Village, the application may be granted. Plans of any proposed extensions or alterations of a fire-protection system shall also be filed with the Village for approval by the Board of Trustees and inspection by the Superintendent.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
C. 
Each private fire-protection service shall have a gate valve at the main, a gate at the curb, a detector meter set in the line immediately after it enters the building and a gate valve with yoke and rising stem immediately beyond the meter. Should conditions warrant it, in the judgment of the Village, another gate valve with yoke and rising stem will be required on the street side of the meter. All type pipes and fittings will be determined by the Village Board.
D. 
All connections for fire-protection service shall be at least six inches in diameter. If other sizes are required, permits for such sizes must be approved by the Board of Trustees. It is positively prohibited to tap any line used for fire-protection purposes for water to be used for any other purpose. Domestic, commercial and manufacturing uses shall be from separate and distinct lines.
E. 
No person shall be allowed to open any public or private fire hydrant or fire-protection system or take water from the same for any purpose, except in case of fire, except an officer of the Village and/or volunteer firemen in the performance of their duties.
F. 
Private fire hydrants shall have the same hose thread as those of the Village and shall open similarly, to the left or counterclockwise.
G. 
All premises being supplied with private fire hydrants or fire-protection systems shall be accessible and open to inspection of the Village at all reasonable hours.
A. 
Application for water service shall be for continuing service only.[1]
[1]
Former Subsection A, dealing with payment of minimum charges, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995.
B. 
Meters will be read and bills rendered monthly/bimonthly.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
A. 
Bills for water and sewer rents service shall become due and payable within 14 days of the billing date.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
B. 
Bills may be paid in person at the Village Hall during regular business hours or by mail.
C. 
All bills must be paid in full. Arrangements for payments must be approved by the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
D. 
Timely payment shall be payment of the bill within 14 days of the billing date.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995; 1-18-2000 by L.L. No. 1-2000]
A. 
Water and sewer service can be denied if there exists an outstanding balance on a previous account. Water and sewer bills remaining unpaid more than 30 days after the billing date shall be overdue. When a bill is overdue more than 60 days, notice shall be mailed to the property owner by certified mail stating that the water or sewer service will be terminated if the bill is not paid in full within 15 days from the date of the mailing of said notice.
B. 
In the event that a bill shall become four months in arrears, a payment agreement shall be required. The payment agreement shall specify a down payment of 25% of the amount owed or 1/2 of the average bimonthly bill, whichever is greater. Twenty-five percent of the balance or one-half of the average bimonthly bill, whichever is greater, will be due bimonthly along with the current portion of the bill. If a consumer needs to make an agreement other than this standard offer, the Village will work with the consumer to come up with an alternative payment agreement. In making this agreement, the Village Board will consider the consumer's financial circumstances and any income limitations he or she may have.
[Amended 10-15-2007 by L.L. No. 7-2007]
C. 
At the expiration of the fifteen-day period, the water or sewer service shall be discontinued unless such bills have been paid in full. Service will begin new on application only when all past due bills and penalties have been paid in full.
D. 
Water and sewer services will be disconnected upon failure to work out a payment agreement or failure to make payments as required under a payment agreement.
E. 
Services may be disconnected, for nonpayment purposes, only between 7:00 a.m. and 3:30 p.m., Monday through Thursday. We will not disconnect service on the day before a holiday, or during a two-week period which includes Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
F. 
If service has been disconnected for nonpayment, the Village will turn it back on within 24 hours when: the amount due, plus reconnect fees, has been paid ($25 during normal work hours or $80 outside of normal work hours); or upon receipt of proof that the consumer faces a serious threat to health or safety; or upon receipt of notice of payment from a social service agency that is helping the consumer.
G. 
The Village may require a deposit (which is two times the estimated average bimonthly bill) from seasonal customers or someone who requests service for less than one year or if the consumer is a former customer applying for new service who has previously had arrears or has an outstanding bill for previous service.
A. 
There shall be filed annually, on or before the first day of May, with the Board of Trustees a statement showing the unpaid water and sewer bills and penalties with a brief description of the property upon which the water or sewer service was incurred and the name of the property owner.
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
B. 
Such accounts shall be added to the annual Village real property tax statements and shall be collected in the same manner and subject to the same rules, penalties and charges as apply to the collection of real property taxes of the Village.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 156-19, Waiver of billing by owner, was repealed 10-15-2007 by L.L. No. 7-2007.
A. 
All new connections shall be billed according to a meter reading.[1]
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B, regarding with connections where there is no meter, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995.
B. 
A service charge of $25 ($80 outside normal work hours) shall be made upon the restoration of service when such service has been terminated by the failure to pay bills.[2]
[Amended 1-18-2000 by L.L. No. 1-2000]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection 1, regarding flat rate charges, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995.
C. 
The termination of water service at the request of the owner shall be free of charge.
D. 
A service charge of $25 shall be made upon the reconnection of a service line when such service was disconnected (cut off) at the request of the property owner.
[Added 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
[Amended 8-21-1995 by L.L. No. 4-1995]
A. 
The Village Board shall establish, from time to time, the water rates and the sewer rates to be paid by the consumer and may provide for the payment of such charges in advance. Until changed, the charges shall be as follows:
(1) 
Water rates inside the Village.
[Last amended 7-19-2018 by L.L. No. 1-2018]
(a) 
Base charge: $2.90.
(b) 
From one gallon to 9,999,900 gallons: $0.535 per 100 gallons.
(2) 
Water rates outside the Village.
[Last amended 7-19-2018 by L.L. No. 1-2018]
(a) 
Base charge: $5.80.
(b) 
From one gallon to 9,999,900 gallons: $1.070 per 100 gallons.
(3) 
Sewer rates.
[Last amended 7-19-2018 by L.L. No. 1-2018]
(a) 
Sewer unit charge: $53.89 per unit per year. (Note: One unit is equal to 48,000 gallons per year. The sewer charge is divided equally by the number of billings per year and is included with the bill).
(b) 
From one gallon to 9,999,900 gallons: $0.950 per 100 gallons.
(c) 
Base charge: $3.18.
(4) 
The metered reading shall be in accordance with the schedule above.
(5) 
Bulk sale rate. Special rates may be made for a large quantity of water supply, but prior permission for each such sale must be obtained from the Village Board.
A violation of any of the provisions of this article is hereby declared to be a violation. The Village Board may also maintain an action or proceeding in the name of the Village in a court of competent jurisdiction to compel compliance with or restrain by injunction the violation of any part of this article as now adopted or as hereafter amended. The Village Board may also enforce compliance with this article by shutting off the water supply. Anyone convicted of a violation under the terms of this article will be subject to a maximum fine of $250.
[Adopted 8-1-1988 as L.L. No. 2-1988]
A. 
The purpose of these regulations is to safeguard potable water supplies by preventing backflow into public water systems.
B. 
The regulations are to be reasonably interpreted. It is the intent of these regulations to recognize that there are varying degrees of hazard and to apply the principle that the degree of protection should be commensurate with the degree of hazard.
As used in this Article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AIR-GAP SEPARATION
A physical break between a supply pipe and a receiving vessel. The air gap shall be at least double the diameter of the supply pipe, measured vertically above the top rim of the vessel, in no case less than one inch.
APPROVED CHECK VALVE
A check valve that seats readily and completely. It must be carefully machined to have free moving parts and assured watertightness. The face of the closure element and valve seat must be bronze, composition or other non-corrodible material which will seat tightly under all prevailing conditions of field use. Pins and bushings shall be of bronze or other noncorrodible, non-sticking material, machined for easy, dependable operation. The closure element, e.g., clapper, shall be internally weighted or otherwise internally equipped to promote rapid and positive closure in all sizes where this feature is obtainable.
APPROVED DOUBLE-CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLY
An assembly of at least two independently acting check valves, including tightly closing shutoff valves on each side of the check valve assembly and suitable leak-detector drains plus connections available for testing the watertightness of each check valve. This device must be approved as a complete assembly.
APPROVED REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE BACKFLOW PREVENTION DEVICE
A device incorporating two or more check valves and an automatically operating differential relief valve located between the two checks, two shutoff valves and equipped with necessary appurtenances for testing. The device shall operate to maintain the pressure in the zone between the two check valves, less than the pressure on the public water supply side of the device. At cessation of normal flow, the pressure between check valves shall be less than the supply pressure. In case of leakage of either check valve, the differential relief valve shall operate to maintain this reduced pressure by discharging to the atmosphere. When the inlet pressure is two pounds per square inch or less, the relief valve shall open to the atmosphere, thereby providing an air gap in the device. To be approved, these devices must be readily accessible for maintenance and testing and installed in a location where no part of the valve will be submerged. The enclosure must be self-draining, so that the large amount of water which the relief valve may vent will be disposed of reliably without submergence of the relief valve. This device must also be approved as a complete assembly.
APPROVED WATER SUPPLY
Any water supply approved by the New York State Department of Health.
AUXILIARY SUPPLY
Any water supply on or available to the premises other than the approved public water supply.
BAROMETRIC LOOP
A loop of pipe rising approximately 35 feet, at its topmost point, above the highest fixture it supplies.
CERTIFIED BACKFLOW PREVENTION DEVICE TESTER
A person who is examined annually by the water purveyor and found competent for the testing of backflow prevention devices. He/she shall be provided with an appropriate identification card which must be renewed annually. Failure to perform his/her duties competently and conscientiously will result in prompt withdrawal of his/her certification.
CROSS-CONNECTION
Any unprotected connection between any part of a water system used or intended to supply water for drinking purposes and any source or system containing water or substance that is not or cannot be approved as equally safe, wholesome and potable for human consumption.
VACUUM BREAKER - NONPRESSURE TYPE
A vacuum breaker which is designed so as not to be subjected to static line pressure.
VACUUM BREAKER - PRESSURE TYPE
A vacuum breaker designed to operate under conditions of static line pressure.
WATER PURVEYOR
The Village of Montour Falls.
WATER SUPERVISOR
The consumer or a person on the premises charged with the responsibility of complete knowledge and understanding of the water supply piping within the premises and for maintaining the consumer's water system free from cross-connections and other sanitary defects, as required by regulations and laws.
A. 
Each service connection from a public water system for supplying water to premises having an auxiliary water supply shall be protected against backflow of water from the premises into the public water system, unless the auxiliary water supply is approved as an additional source by the water purveyor and is satisfactory to the public health agency having jurisdiction with regard to quality and safety.
B. 
Each service connection from a public water system for supplying water to premises, on which any substance is handled under pressure in such fashion as to permit entry into the water system, shall be protected against backflow of the water from the premises into the public system. This shall include the handling of process waters and waters originating from the public water supply system which may have been subject to deterioration in sanitary or chemical quality.
C. 
Each service connection from a public water system for supplying water to premises on which a substance of unusually toxic concentration or danger to health is handled in liquid form, even though it is not under pressure, shall be protected against backflow of the water from premises into the public system. Examples are plating factories, using cyanide, and hospitals. This is not intended to apply to normal household installations.
D. 
Backflow prevention devices shall be installed on the service connection to any premises that have internal cross-connections, unless such cross-connections are abated to the satisfaction of the water purveyor. It shall be the responsibility of the water user to provide and maintain these protective devices, and each one must be of a type acceptable to the State Health Department.
The protective device required shall depend on the degree of hazard as tabulated below:
A. 
At the service connection to any premises where there is an auxiliary water supply handled in a separate piping system with no cross-connection, the public water supply shall be protected by an approved double-check valve assembly.
B. 
At the service connection on any premises on which there is an auxiliary water supply where cross-connections are known to exist or where it is unknown if cross-connections exist, the public water supply system shall be protected by an air-gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device.
C. 
At the service connection to any premises on which a substance that would be objectionable (but not hazardous to health if introduced into the public water supply) is handled so as to constitute a cross-connection, the public water supply shall be protected by an approved double-check valve assembly.
D. 
At the service connection to any premises on which a substance of unusual toxic concentration or danger to health is or may be handled, but not under pressure, the public water supply shall be protected by an air-gap separation or an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device. This device shall be located as close as practicable to the water meter, and all piping between the water meter and receiving tanks shall be entirely visible.
E. 
At the service connection to any premises on which any material dangerous to health or toxic substance in toxic concentration is or may be handled under pressure, the public water supply shall be protected by an air-gap separation. The air gap shall be located as close as practicable to the water meter, and all piping between the water meter and receiving tanks shall be entirely visible. If these conditions cannot reasonably be met, the public water supply shall be protected with an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device, provided that the alternative is acceptable to the water purveyor.
F. 
At the service connection to any sewage treatment plant or sewage pumping station, the public water supply shall be protected by an air-gap separation. The air gap shall be located as close as practicable to the water meter and all piping between the water meter and receiving tanks shall be entirely visible. If these conditions cannot be reasonably met, the public water supply shall be protected with an approved reduced pressure principle backflow prevention device.
G. 
At the service connection to any premises not covered by Subsections A through F above, the public water supply shall be protected with an approved single check valve assembly.
A. 
It shall be the duty of the water user on any premises on account of which backflow protective devices are installed to have competent inspections made at least once a year or more often in those instances where successive inspections indicate repeated failure. These devices shall be repaired, overhauled or replaced at the expense of the water user whenever they are found to be defective. These tests shall be performed by a qualified backflow prevention device tester, and all test results will be provided to the water purveyor within 72 hours after the test is made.
B. 
Records of such tests, repairs and overhaul shall also be kept and made available to the water purveyor and the Local Health Department upon request.
A. 
Whenever the plumbing inspector determines that it is not practical to protect drinking water systems on premises against entry of water from a source or piping system or equipment that cannot be approved as safe or potable for human use, an entirely separate drinking water system shall be installed to supply water at points convenient for consumers.
B. 
Fire systems. Water systems for fighting fires, derived from a supply that cannot be approved as safe or potable for human use or to which chemicals are added, shall, wherever practicable, be kept wholly separate from drinking water pipelines and equipment. In cases where the domestic water system is used for both drinking and fire-fighting purposes, approved backflow prevention devices shall be installed to protect such individual drinking waterlines as are not used for fire-fighting purposes.
C. 
Process waters. Potable water pipelines connected to equipment for industrial processes or operations shall be protected by a suitable backflow prevention device located beyond the last point from which drinking water may be taken, which device shall be provided on the feed line to process piping or equipment. In the event that the particular process liquid is especially corrosive or apt to prevent reliable action of the backflow prevention device, air-gap separation shall be provided. These devices shall be tested by the water user at least once a year or more often in those instances where successive inspections indicate repeated failure. The devices shall be repaired, overhauled or replaced whenever they are found to be defective. These tests must be performed by a qualified backflow prevention device tester and records of tests, repairs and replacement shall be kept and made available to the water purveyor and the Health Department upon request.
D. 
Sewage treatment plants and pumping stations. Sewage pumps shall not have priming connections directly off any drinking water system. No connections shall exist between the drinking water system and any other piping, equipment or tank in any sewage treatment plant or sewage pumping station.
E. 
Plumbing connections.
(1) 
Where the circumstances are such that there is special danger to health by the backflow of sewage, as from sewers, toilets, hospital bedpans and the like, into a drinking system, a dependable device or devices shall be installed to prevent such backflow.
(2) 
The purpose of these regulations is not to transcend local plumbing regulations, but only to deal with those extraordinary situations where sewage may be forced or drawn into the drinking water piping. These regulations do not attempt to eliminate at this time the hazards of backsiphonage through flushometer valves on all toilets, but deal with those situations where the likelihood of vacuum conditions in the drinking water system is definite and there is special danger to health. Devices suited to the purpose of avoiding backsiphonage from plumbing fixtures are roof tanks, barometric loops or separate pressure systems separately piped to supply such fixtures, recognized approved vacuum or siphon breaker and other backflow protective devices which have been proven by appropriate tests to be dependable for destroying the vacuum.
(3) 
Inasmuch as many of the serious hazards of this kind are due to water supply piping which is too small, thereby causing vacuum conditions when fixtures are flushed or water is drawn from the system in other ways, it is required that water supply piping that is too small be enlarged whenever possible.
F. 
Pier and dock hydrants. Backflow protection by a suitable backflow prevention device shall be provided on each drinking water pierhead outlet used for supplying vessels at piers or waterfronts. These assemblies must be located where they will prevent the return of any water from the vessel into the drinking water pipeline or into another adjacent vessel. This will prevent such practices as connecting the ship fire-pumping or sanitary pumping system with a dock hydrant and thereby pumping contaminated water into the drinking water system and thence to adjacent vessels or back into the public mains.
G. 
Marking safe and unsafe waterlines. Where the premises contain dual or multiple water systems and piping, the exposed portions of pipelines shall be painted, banded or marked at sufficient intervals to distinguish clearly which water is safe and which is not safe. All outlets from secondary or other potentially contaminated systems shall be posted as being contaminated and unsafe for drinking purposes. All outlets intended for drinking purposes shall be plainly marked to indicate that fact.
H. 
Water supervisor. The Health Department and the water purveyor shall be kept informed of the identity of the person responsible for the water piping on all premises concerned with these regulations. At each premises where it is necessary in the opinion of the water purveyor, a water supervisor shall be designated. This water supervisor shall be responsible for the installation and use of pipelines and equipment and for the avoidance of cross-connections.
I. 
In the event of contamination or pollution of the drinking water system due to a cross-connection on the premises, the Local Health Officer, the New York State Department of Health local office and water purveyor shall be promptly advised by the person responsible for the water system so that appropriate measures may be taken to overcome the contamination.
No water service connection to any premises shall be installed or maintained by the water purveyor, unless the water supply is protected as required by state regulations and this rule.
Service of water to any premises may be discontinued by the water purveyor if a backflow preventive device required by this rule and regulation is not installed, tested and maintained; if any defect is found in an installed backflow preventive device; if it is found that a backflow preventive device has been removed or bypassed; and/or if unprotected cross-connections exist on the premises. Service will not be restored until such conditions or defects are corrected.
Section 156-26G is not retroactive and applies only to the installation of any new or replacement meters.
Any violation of any provision of this Article shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $250 or imprisonment for not more than 15 days, or both.
[1]
Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.