Township of Whitehall, PA
Lehigh County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
A. 
Definitions. The following words and phrases shall have the meanings hereinafter indicated unless the text clearly states an alternative or different meaning.
AASHTO
The American Association of Transportation Officials.
ACCESS POINT
One combined ingress/egress point or one clearly defined ingress point and one clearly defined egress point separated by an appropriate distance.
ADT
Average daily trips. The phrase "average daily trips" shall refer to the number of vehicles per day that pass by a given point.
ALLEY
A public or private thoroughfare, with a right-of-way of 24 feet or less, which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property and not intended for general traffic circulation.
ALLUVIAL SOILS
Water deposited soils including, but not limited to:
(1) 
Atkins silt loam (W).
(2) 
Atkins Silt Loam, Local Alluvial (AkA).
(3) 
Huntington Silt Loam (Hn).
(4) 
Lindside Silt Loam (Ln).
(5) 
Melvin Silt Loam (Mh).
(6) 
Melvin Silt Loam, Local Alluvial (MkA).
(7) 
Philo Silt Loam (Ph).
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Every application required to be filed and approved prior to start of construction or development including, but not limited to, an application for a building permit or for the approval of a land development or subdivision.
ARTERIAL STREET OR HIGHWAY
A major regional highway designed to carry heavy vehicular traffic into, out of or through a regional area.
BERM
A natural or man-made mound of soil.
BLOCK
A tract of land or a lot or groups of lots, bounded by streets, public parks, or parkways, railroad rights-of-way, watercourses, or body of water, unsubdivided land or a boundary line or lines of the Township.
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
The Board of Commissioners of Whitehall Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.
BUFFER
An area within a property or site, generally adjacent to and parallel with a property line, either consisting of natural existing vegetation or created by the use of trees, shrubs, fences and/or berms, designed to limit continuously the view of and/or sound from the site to adjacent sites or properties.
BUFFER YARD
A continuous strip of land, either landscaped or green space, clear of all buildings, structures, parking areas, outdoor storage areas and detention ponds. A buffer yard may include a street or driveway connecting an access point with the interior side or parts thereof of a buffer yard by the most direct route but shall not include any recreation area or a private street or an existing or future public street right-of-way.
BUILDING COVERAGE
The percentage of a lot covered by buildings.
BUILDING, FRONT LINE OF
A line drawn parallel to the front line of a lot at that portion of the building or structure including sun parlors, covered porches (but not steps) closest to the front lot line.
BUILDING RESTRICTION LINE
A line which designates the minimum distance between any building and the adjacent street right-of-way or property line. This line shall be measured from a point or points formed by the intersection of a vertical building wall with the ground (or in the case of a cantilevered building, at the vertical plane which coincides with the most projected surface), to the street right-of-way or property line.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE, FRONT YARD
The line parallel to the public right-of-way line at a distance equal to the minimum depth of the front yard designated for each district in Chapter 27, Zoning, as amended from time to time. All yards adjacent to a public street right-of-way shall be considered front yards.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE, REAR YARD
The line parallel to the rear lot line and equal to the minimum depth of the rear yard designated for each district in Chapter 27, Zoning, as amended from time to time.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE, SIDE YARD
The line parallel to the side lot line and equal to the minimum depth of the side yard designated for each district in Chapter 27, Zoning, as amended from time to time.
BUREAU OF DEVELOPMENT
The Whitehall Township Bureau of Planning, Zoning and Development.
CALIPER
The diameter of a tree trunk measured in inches. The caliper of a tree trunk shall be measured two feet above the base of the tree.
CAPPED SYSTEM
A completed water supply and/or sewage system put in place for future use (contingent upon expansion), rather than to meet immediate development needs.
CARTWAY
That portion of a street, alley or highway used for vehicular traffic.
CENTER LINE OF STREET, ROAD, ALLEY OR HIGHWAY
A line equidistant from and parallel to the street, road, alley or highway right-of-way lines.
CLEAR SIGHT DISTANCE
See "sight distance."
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
An area of unobstructed vision at street intersections defined by the center lines of the streets and by a line of sight between points on such street's center lines at a predetermined distance form the intersection of the center lines. For the purposes of this chapter, the clear sight triangle shall be calculated pursuant to the provision of § 27-91 of Chapter 27, Zoning, as amended from time to time. A clear sight triangle is not a clear sight distance.
CLOSED DEPRESSION
In a karst area, a distinctive bowl-shaped depression in the land surface. It is characterized by internal drainage, varying magnitude and an unbroken ground surface.
COLLECTOR STREET
A street designed to carry a moderate volume of traffic to intercept local streets, to provide routes to arterial roads and to community facilities and to provide a limited amount of access to the abutting properties.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The official Comprehensive Plan of the Township of Whitehall, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania of 1972, as amended from time to time.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use permitted in a particular zoning district pursuant to the provisions of § 27-59 of Chapter 27, Zoning, as amended from time to time.
CONSOLIDATION OF LOT, CONSOLIDATION OF LAND, LOT CONSOLIDATION OR LAND CONSOLIDATION
The combining two or more lots, parcels or tracts into one lot by eliminating common lot lines. A lot consolidation is deemed to be a subdivision and subject to the requirements hereof.
CONSTRUCTION SECURITY
That security posted by a developer to secure the construction of improvements proposed to be constructed pursuant to an approved land development plan.
CROSSWALK OR WALKWAY
A right-of-way dedicated to public use to facilitate pedestrian access through or into a development or subdivision of land or a land development.
CUL-DE-SAC
A local street which intersects another street at only one end.
CURB
A vertical or sloping edge along a paved surface.
(1) 
An excavation.
(2) 
The difference between a point on the original ground and a designated point of lower elevation on the final grade.
(3) 
The material removed during excavation.
DEDICATION
The conveyance of real or personal property from a person or entity to another person or entity.
DENSITY, GROSS
The maximum number of dwelling units that may be constructed upon a lot, parcel or tract which number shall be determined by dividing the total number of dwelling units by the base site area (total amount of land in the lot, parcel or tract to be developed minus all land within the existing or proposed street rights-of-way, utility rights-of-way, easements or land used for stormwater management detention basins). Density requirements shall be determined in direct proportion to lot size, i.e., maximum eight units per acre, four units per half acre, two units per quarter acre.
DEP
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
DESIGN STORM
The magnitude of precipitation from a storm event measured in probability of occurrence (e.g., 50-year storm) and duration (e.g., 24-hour), and used in computing stormwater management control systems.
DETENTION BASIN
See "stormwater detention basin."
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner or tenant with the permission of such landowner, who submits a land development plan to the Township for approval.
DEVELOPER'S AGENT
Any person or entity authorized, by written agreement of the developer filed with the Township, to act for the developer.
DEVELOPER'S ESCROW
That cash escrow established by the developer with the Township to reimburse the Township and Township consultants for the processing of a land development plan.
DEVELOPMENT
Land development.
DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS
Those zoning, subdivision, site plan, official map, floodplain or other governmental regulations of the Township or other governing authority having jurisdiction over the development of a lot, parcel or tract of land.
DIRECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT
The Bureau Chief of Planning, Zoning and Development of Whitehall Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.
DRAINAGE
That stormwater, surface water or groundwater removed from land by a drainage system.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM
A system or a network of systems which remove drainage. For the purposes of this chapter, the phrase "drainage system" shall include, but shall not be limited to, watercourses, piping, bodies of water and wetlands.
DRIVEWAY
A private designated vehicular access way from a road, street, highway or alley to a home, occupation, building or structure.
DRY LINES
See "capped system."
DWELLING UNIT
A room or group of rooms located within a residential building and forming a single habitable unit with facilities which are used or intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking and eating by one family.
EASEMENT
A liberty, privilege or right which one has in the lands of another for a precise and definite purpose.
EROSION
The removal of soil or other surface material by drainage or other natural elements.
EXPRESSWAY
A major highway designed for large volumes and high speed traffic with access limited to grade separated intersections.
FAMILY
One or more persons related by blood, marriage, adoption or foster relationship, living together as a single housekeeping unit or a group of not more than five unrelated persons who are living together in a single, nonprofit dwelling unit and maintaining a common household with a single cooking facility. The term "family" shall not include the occupants of a clubhouse, hotel, motel, fraternity house, dormitory, boarding or rooming house, group home or community living arrangement.
(1) 
Any act by which earth, sand, gravel, rock or other material is placed, pushed, dumped, pulled, transported or moved to a new location above the natural surface of the ground or on top of the stripped surface and shall include the conditions resulting therefrom.
(2) 
The difference in elevation between a point on the original ground and a designated point of higher elevation on the final grade.
(3) 
The material used to make a fill.
FLOOD
A temporary inundation by surface water of land areas not continually inundated.
FLOOD FRINGE
That portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway.
FLOODPLAIN
A relatively flat or low land area adjoining a river, stream or watercourse which is subject to a partial or complete inundation during a 100-year design frequency storm or an area subject to the accumulation of runoff of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPRONE AREAS
Areas within the 500-year floodplain and areas containing alluvial soils or any area subject to the unusual and rapid accumulation of surface water from any source.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes or adjustments to buildings or structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real estate, water, sanitary and other utility facilities, structures and their contents.
FLOODWAY
The channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge flood waters in a 100-year design frequency storm without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than one foot at any point.
F.P.S.
Feet per second.
FRONTAGE
The part of a lot abutting a street right-of-way, commonly referred to in terms of "feet of frontage."
GLARE, DIRECT
Illumination beyond property lines caused by direct or reflected rays from incandescent, fluorescent or arc lighting, or from such high temperature processes as welding or petroleum or metallurgical refining.
GLARE, INDIRECT
Illumination beyond property lines caused by defuse reflection from a surface such as a wall or roof of a structure or a billboard.
GRADE
The surface of the ground, lawns, walks or streets adjoining the exterior walls of any building or structure.
GRADE, FINISHED
The completed surface of the ground, lawns, walks, or streets adjoining the exterior walls of any building or structure.
GRADING
Any act by which earth, sand, gravel, rock or any other similar material is dug into, cut, quarried, uncovered, removed, displaced, relocated or bulldozed and shall include the conditions resulting therefrom.
GROUND COVER
Low growing vegetation including, but not limited to, plants or sod, which covers an area which prevents erosion and the growth of unwanted plants.
GUTTER
A shallow channel usually set along a curb or the pavement edge of a street, alley or highway for purpose of diverting drainage to a drainage system.
HOP
A highway occupancy permit as issued by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
HISTORIC SITE
A structure or place of historical significance as determined by a local, state or federal government.
HYDRIC SOILS
Those poorly drained soils which may or may not be capable of supporting hydrophytic plants.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface which does not absorb moisture, water or rain and includes, but is not limited to, roofs, buildings, parking areas, driveways, streets, any areas covered by concrete or asphalt and stormwater detention and retention basins.
IMPROVEMENTS
Those physical additions and changes to the land that may be necessary to produce usable and desirable lots.
IMPROVEMENTS SECURITY
That financial security posted by a developer with the Township, in the form of cash, letter of credit or approved bond, to guarantee the construction of proposed improvements by the developer.
INSPECTION SECURITY
That financial security established by the developer with the Township, in the form of cash, letter of credit or approved bond, to guarantee the inspection of the improvements proposed to be constructed by a developer.
ISLAND
With respect to street design or parking area, a raised area, usually curbed, placed to guide traffic and separate lanes or used for landscaping, signage or lighting.
KARST AREA
A type of geology that is formed over limestone, dolomite or gypsum by bedrock solution and that is characterized by closed depressions or sinkholes, caves and underground drainage.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
(1) 
The improvement of two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(a) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure.
(b) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulative, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
(2) 
A subdivision of land.
(3) 
Development, including those types of land development referenced in § 503(1.1) of the Municipalities Planning Code, found at 53 P.S. § 10503(1.1).
LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN
A plan depicting a land development submitted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.
LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN FILING DATE
That date established pursuant to § 22-8 hereof.
LANDOWNER
The legal owner or owners of a lot, parcel or tract of land including the holder of an option or contract to purchase, a lessee if authorized under the lease or other written agreement with the landowner to exercise the rights of the landowner or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
(1) 
Decorative plants including, but not limited to, trees, shrubs and flowering plants.
(2) 
Improving the natural beauty of a tract of land by grading, clearing or decorative planting.
LCCD
The Lehigh County Conservation District.
LVPC
The Joint Planning Commission of Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pennsylvania.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street area used for loading and unloading of goods and having direct access to a public street or alley.
LOCAL STREET
A street designed to provide access to the abutting properties and a route to collector streets.
LOOP STREET
A street which intersects only with itself, except for a single connection with the surrounding road network.
LOT
A parcel or tract of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law and to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
LOT AREA
An area of land which is determined by the limits of the property lines bounding that area and expressed in terms of square feet or acres. Any portion of a lot included in a street right-of-way shall not be included in determining lot area.
LOT, CORNER
A lot fronting on two or more streets at such streets' intersection.
LOT COVERAGE
The percentage of a lot covered by all impervious surfaces.
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot fronting on a street and having the rear and all side lot lines in common with adjacent lots.
LOT LINE
A line forming the front, rear or sides of lots, commonly referred to as front, rear or side lot lines.
LOT LINE ADJUSTMENT
The alteration of an existing lot line or lines resulting in the same number of lots in the aggregate. A lot line adjustment is deemed to be a subdivision and subject to the requirements hereof.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The lot line along a public or private street. In the event that a lot has more than one such lot line, all such lot lines shall be deemed front lot lines.
LOT LINE, REAR
Any lot line which is parallel to or within 45° of being parallel to the front lot line. In the event that a lot has no street frontage or is a corner lot or a lot of an odd shape, the lot line farthest from any street shall be considered the rear lot line.
LOT, WIDTH OF
The width of a lot measured at the front building line.
MAIN
In any system of continuous piping, the principal artery of the system to which branches or laterals may be connected.
MAINTENANCE SECURITY
That financial security established by a developer with the Township, in the form of cash, letter of credit or approved bond, to guarantee the structural integrity of dedicated improvements as well as the functioning of said improvements in accordance with the design and specifications as depicted on the final plan, for a period of 18 months.
MAJOR SUBDIVISION
A subdivision of land, lot line adjustment, consolidation, or other altering of the legal boundaries of a tract of more than four residentially zoned lots or any nonresidentially zoned land.
[Added 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 2774]
MANHOLE
An inspection chamber of such size and diameter to allow easy entry and exit and working room for a person inside.
MAYOR
The elected or appointed chief executive officer of the Township.
[Amended 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 2776, approved 11-3-2009]
MINOR SUBDIVISION
A subdivision of land, lot line adjustment, consolidation, or other altering of the legal boundaries of a tract of not more than four residentially zoned lots.
[Added 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 2774]
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land in a mobile home park, improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home.
MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which have been so designated and improved that it contains two or more mobile home lots for the placement thereon of mobile homes.
MONUMENT
A stone or concrete block at least four inches in diameter or square designed and intended to establish the location of a property line (See Detail Plate WT-M-02[1]).
MULCH
A layer of wood chips, dry leaves, straw, hay, plastic or other materials placed on the surface of the soil around plants to retain moisture, prevent weeds form growing, hold the soil in place or aid plant growth.
MUNICIPAL AUTHORITY
A body politic and corporate created pursuant to the act of May 2, 1945 (P.L. 382, No. 164), known as the "Municipality Authorities Act of 1945."
MPC
The Municipalities Planning Code found at 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq., as amended from time to time.
OFF-STREET PARKING AREA, PRIVATE
An area on private property designated and used for the parking or storage of one or more passenger vehicles. Private off-street parking areas shall include private garages, carports, driveways and improved accessory parking spaces.
OFF-STREET PARKING AREA, PUBLIC
An open space, other than a street or other public right-of-way, designed, maintained and used by the general public for the parking of vehicles.
OFFICIAL MAP
A map adopted by ordinance pursuant to Article IV of the MPC.
OFFICIAL ZONING MAP
The zoning map as adopted by the Board of Commissioners which designates the location and boundaries of all zoning districts situate within the Township.
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water or a combination of land and water depicted within a land development plan and designed, intended or used for the use or enjoyment of residents of a development, not including streets, off-street parking areas and areas set aside for public facilities.
PARKING SPACE
An area designed and used for the parking of a motor vehicle, exclusive of passageways, driveways and access ways appurtenant thereto.
PENNDOT
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
(1) 
A test designed to determine the ability of soil to absorb water.
(2) 
A test designed to determine the suitability of soil for drainage.
(3) 
A test designed to determine the suitability of soil for a septic system.
PERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface that permits full or partial absorption of stormwater.
PHASED DEVELOPMENT
A land development which is developed in stages over an agreed to number of years.
PHASED DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT
A written agreement between the Township and a developer which permits the developer to construct an approved land development in stages over an agreed to number of years.
PLAN, FINAL
A land development plan which has received preliminary plan approval from the Planning Commission and the Board of Commissioners pursuant to § 22-15E or § 22-15F hereof, respectively, and which purportedly complies with the drafting requirements of § 22-18A et seq., hereof.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of the Township.
PLAN, PRELIMINARY
A land development plan which purportedly complies with the drafting requirements of § 22-17A et seq., hereof.
(1) 
Land development plan which has received final plan approval from the Planning Commission and the Board of Commissioners pursuant to §§ 22-15E and 22-15F hereof, respectively.
(2) 
Which complies with the drafting requirements of § 22-18A et seq. hereto.
(3) 
Which applies with all other applicable provisions hereof.
(4) 
Which has been endorsed by the LVPC, the Planning Commission, the Board of Commissioners and the Mayor.
[Amended 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 2776, approved 11-3-2009]
(5) 
Which is intended to be recorded in the Office of the Lehigh County Recorder of Deeds.
PLAN, SKETCH
A land development plan which purportedly complies with the drafting requirements of § 22-16A et seq., hereof.
PLAT
A map or plan of a subdivision or land development, whether preliminary or final.
POTABLE WATER SUPPLY
Water suitable for drinking purposes.
PUBLIC GROUNDS
Those publicly owned or occupied areas which include, but shall not be limited to:
(1) 
Parks, playgrounds, trails, paths and other recreational areas and other public areas.
(2) 
Sites for schools, sewage treatment, refuse disposal and other publicly owned or operated facilities.
(3) 
Publicly owned or operated scenic and historic sites.
PUBLIC NOTICE
A notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
PUBLIC STREET
A street which has been dedicated to and accepted by the Township for public use.
PUBLIC THOROUGHFARE
An access way which is used by the public but which has not been dedicated to or accepted by the Township.
RATIONAL METHOD
See Appendix A.[2]
RECREATION LAND
Land dedicated to the Township or other entity approved by the Township for the use of the Township's residents which is suitable for active uses such as playing fields. The term "recreation land" shall not include areas within the 500-year floodplain, power line or pipeline rights-of-way, quarries, road rights-of-way, buffer zones, stormwater management facilities, areas characterized by wetlands, hydric soils, slopes in excess of 5% or woodlands.
REGULATORY FLOOD ELEVATION
The 100-year flood elevation, plus a freeboard safety factor of 2 1/2 feet.
REPORT
Any letter, review, memorandum compilation or similar writing made by any body, board, officer or consultant other than a solicitor to any other body, board, officer or consultant for the purpose of assisting the recipient of such report in the rendering of any decision or determination. All reports shall be deemed recommendatory and advisory only and shall not be binding upon the recipient, board, officer, body or agency, nor shall any appeal lie therefrom. Any report used, received or considered by the body, board, officer or agency for inspection to the developer and all other parties to any proceeding upon request and copies thereof shall be provided at cost of reproduction.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
Land condemned by or dedicated to the Township or Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for street purposes and for the installation of public utilities. The phrase "right-of-way" shall include the ultimate or future right-of-way.
RIGHT-OF-WAY LINE, EXISTING
The line separating a lot from the area designated for a street right-of-way.
RIGHT-OF-WAY, ULTIMATE
The line separating a lot from the area designated for the ultimate proposed or future right-of-way.
ROADWAY
See "cartway."
RUNOFF
See "drainage."
SALDO
The Whitehall Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance (this chapter).
SANITARY SEWER
A public or private utility system designed to collect sewage from customers in compliance with DEP regulations or regulations of the Township, whichever is more stringent.
SCREENING
The formation of a visual or acoustical barrier using such materials as dense evergreen shrubbery or solid fencing of durable wood or masonry construction.
SCS
The Federal Soil Conservation Service.
SEDIMENT
Deposits of soil and other organic or inorganic material caused by erosion.
SEPTIC SYSTEM
An underground drainage system with a septic tank, absorption area and appurtenances used for the decomposition of domestic wastes.
SEPTIC TANK
A watertight receptacle that receives the discharge of sewage.
SETBACK
The distance between a use, building or structure and a lot or right-of-way line (including the ultimate right-of-way), whichever is less.
SETBACK LINE
A line designating the minimum setback from a particular lot line.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM, CENTRALIZED
A public or private utility system designed to collect, centrally treat and dispose of sewage from more than one customer in compliance with DEP regulations or regulations of the Township, whichever is more stringent.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM, PRIVATE
An onlot septic tank disposal system generally providing for the disposal of effluent for only one building or a group of buildings on a single lot and provided in compliance with DEP regulations or regulations of the Township, whichever is more stringent.
SHADE (STREET) TREE
A tree in a public place, street, special easement or public right-of-way adjoining a street.
SIGHT DISTANCE
The required length of roadway visible to the driver of a motor vehicle at any given point on the roadway when the view is unobstructed by traffic.
SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED DWELLING
A building or structure having only one dwelling unit from ground to roof, two points of independent outside access, at least two other dwelling units built in conjunction therewith and attached thereto by way of one or two unpierced party walls adjoining the adjacent dwelling. The term "single-family attached dwelling" shall include row homes and townhouses.
SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED DWELLING
A dwelling unit on a permanent foundation occupied as a residence for only family, which does not have a vertical wall in common with another building.
SINGLE-FAMILY SEMIDETACHED DWELLING
A building or structure having only one dwelling unit from ground to roof and only one wall in common with another building.
SINKHOLE
A localized sinking of the land surface to a variable depth, generally characterized by a roughly circular outline and a downward movement of soil into bedrock voids.
SITE PLAN
An accurately scaled land development plan that depicts the existing conditions on a lot or lots as well as depicting details of a proposed development.
(1) 
The face of any embankment or cut section.
(2) 
Any ground surface which makes an angle with the plane of the horizon.
SOIL STABILIZATION
Chemical or structural treatment of a mass of soil to increase or maintain its stability or otherwise improve its engineering properties.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A use permitted in a particular zoning district pursuant to the provisions of § 27-64 of Chapter 27, Zoning.
STORM SEWER
A system of pipes or other conduits which carries intercepted surface runoff, street water or drainage, but excludes domestic sewage and industrial wastes.
STORMWATER DETENTION BASIN
A pond, pool or impoundment designed, intended or used to delay stormwater runoff by temporarily storing the runoff in the pond, pool or impoundment and releasing it at a predetermined rate.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT ACT
The Pennsylvania Act of October 4, 1978, P.L. 864 (Act 167), as amended; and including all provisions of the Jordan Creek Stormwater Management Plan, the Coplay and Spring Creek Stormwater Management Plans and the Catasauqua Creek/Lehigh River Sub-basin Plan.
STORMWATER RETENTION
A pond, pool or impoundment for the storage (without release) of Stormwater runoff.
STREET
A strip of land, including the entire existing and ultimate right-of-way, intended for use as a means of vehicular and pedestrian traffic and shown on the official map or on a filed plat, whether public or private. The word "street" shall include avenue, boulevard, road or highway. The words "street" "highway" and "road" have the same meaning and are used interchangeably. (See also: Arterial street or highway, collector street, cul-de-sac, expressway, local street, loop street and stub street.)
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
STUB STREET
A street or road within a subdivision terminating at the subdivision boundary with no permanent vehicular turnaround. Stub streets are provided to permit adjacent undeveloped parcels of land to be developed later with an adequate connecting street system.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development.
SUBGRADE
The soil lying beneath a street.
SUBSTANTIALLY COMPLETED
When, in the judgment of the Township Engineer, at least 90% (based on the cost of the required improvements for which financial security was posted pursuant to § 509 of the MPC) of those improvements required as a condition for final approval have been completed in accordance with the approved plan, so that the project will be able to be used, occupied or operated for its intended purpose.
SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
A building, structure or part thereof or a lot, parcel or tract of land used for local government services and services provided by Public Utility Commission regulated entities. The phrase "support infrastructure" includes, but is not limited to sewer lines, water lines, bus stops, train stops, stormwater sewer facilities, etc.
SURVEYOR
A professional land surveyor licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
SWALE
A low lying stretch of land which gathers or carries surface water runoff.
TOPSOIL
Surface soils and subsurface soils which presumably are fertile soils and soil material, ordinarily rich in organic matter or humus debris. Topsoil is usually found in the uppermost soil layer called the A Horizon.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Whitehall, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.
TOWNSHIP COMMISSIONERS
The Board of Commissioners of the Township of Whitehall.
TOWNSHIP CONSULTANTS
Those professional consultants including, but not limited to, the following: attorneys, chemists, engineers, geologists and hydrogeologists.
TOWNSHIP ENGINEER
A professional engineer licensed as such in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, duly appointed as the Engineer for the Township.
TOWNSHIP SOLICITOR
That attorney or law firm appointed by the Mayor and approved by the Board of Commissioners to act as the attorney for the Township, the Planning Commission and the Board of Commissioners.
[Amended 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 2776, approved 11-3-2009]
TRIP END
A single or one direction vehicle movement with either the original or the destination (exiting or entering) inside a study side.
WAIVER
Relief from a specific subdivision or land development regulation granted by the Board of Commissioners as provided for herein.
WATERCOURSE
Any channel of conveyance of surface water having defined beds and banks, whether natural or artificial, with perennial or intermittent flow.
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, CENTRAL
A public or private utility system designed to transmit potable water from a common source to customers in compliance with DEP regulations or the Township regulations, whichever is more stringent.
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, PRIVATE
An on lot water supply system generally providing for an adequate supply of potable water on one building or a group of buildings on a single lot and in compliance with DEP regulations or the Township regulations, whichever is more stringent. (A cistern shall not be deemed to be an acceptable private water supply system.)
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, PUBLIC
Water service provided by the Northampton Borough Municipal Authority or the Whitehall Township Authority.
WETLANDS
Those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support and that under normal circumstances do support a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, including swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas.
WOODLANDS
The areas comprised of:
(1) 
One or more acres of woodland where the largest tree measures at least six inches in diameter (measured at 4 1/2 feet from the ground.
(2) 
A grove of trees forming one canopy where 10 or more trees measure at least 10 inches) in diameter (measured at 4 1/2 feet from the ground.)
(3) 
A tract of land covered by trees which also contains woody shrubs, grasses and other vegetation.
ZONING ORDINANCE
The Whitehall Township Zoning Ordinance of 1989, as amended from time to time (see Chapter 27).
[1]
Editor's Note: The Detail Plates are included at the end of this chapter.
[2]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included at the end of this chapter.
B. 
Tenses. Words in the present tense shall include the future tense.
C. 
Numbers. Unless the text clearly states otherwise, words used in the singular shall include the plural and those in the plural shall include the singular.
D. 
Undefined Terms. Any word, term or phrase used in this chapter, but not specifically defined herein, shall be given its normal and customary meaning as found in the most recent edition of Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary.