[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Township of Delran 11-24-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-22. Amendments noted where applicable.]
A code defining and prohibiting certain matters, things, conditions or acts, and each of them, as a nuisance; prohibiting certain noises or sounds; requiring the proper heating of apartments; prohibiting lease or rental of certain buildings; prohibiting spitting in or upon public buildings, conveyances or sidewalks; authorizing the inspection of premises by an enforcing official; providing for the removal or abatement of certain nuisances and recovery of expenses incurred by the Board of Health in removing or abating such nuisances; and prescribing penalties for violations, is hereby established pursuant to Chapter 188, Laws of 1950. A copy of said code is annexed hereto and made a part hereof without the inclusion of the text thereof herein.
The said code established and adopted by this ordinance is described and commonly known as the "Public Health Nuisance Code of New Jersey (1953)."
Three copies of the said Public Health Nuisance Code of New Jersey (1953) have been placed on file in the office of the Secretary of this local Board of Health upon the introduction of this ordinance and will remain on file there for the use and examination of the public.
Any person who violates or neglects to comply with any provision of this ordinance or code established herein or notice issued pursuant thereto shall, upon conviction thereof, be liable to a penalty of not more than $500 for each violation, or imprisonment in the county jail for a term not exceeding 90 days, or both.
All ordinances, codes or parts of same inconsistent with any of the provisions of this ordinance and the code established hereunder are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.
In the event that any section, sentence or clause of this ordinance or code shall be declared unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such declaration shall not in any manner prejudice the enforcement of the remaining provisions.
This ordinance and the code herein established shall take effect 30 days after first publication.
ENFORCING OFFICIAL - Includes the Health Officer or other official authorized by the Board of Health to enforce this code and chapter.
- Includes an individual, firm, corporation, association, society, partnership, and their agents or employees.
The following matters, things, conditions or acts, and each of them, are hereby declared to be a nuisance and injurious to the health of the inhabitants of this municipality:
Any matter, thing, condition or act which is or may become detrimental or a menace to the health of the inhabitants of this municipality.
Any matter, thing, condition or act which is or may become an annoyance or interfere with the comfort or general well-being of the inhabitants of this municipality.
Pollution, or existence of a condition or conditions which cause or threaten pollution, of any waters in this municipality in such manner as to cause or threaten injury to any of the inhabitants of this municipality either in their health, comfort or property.
The escape into the open air from any stack, vent, chimney or any entrance to the open air, or from any fire into the open air, of such quantities of smoke, fly ash, dust, fumes, vapors, mists or gases as to cause injury, detriment or annoyance to the inhabitants of this municipality or endanger their comfort, repose, health or safety.
The growth, existence or presence of ragweed on any plot of land, lot, highway right-of-way or any other public or private place.
The growth, existence or presence of poison ivy within 20 feet of any property line.
The existence or presence of any water or other liquid in which mosquito larvae breed or exist.
The existence or presence of any accumulation of garbage, refuse, manure or animal or vegetable matter which may attract flies and to which flies may have access or in which fly larvae or pupae breed or exist.
Depositing, accumulating or maintaining any matter or thing which serves as food for insects or rodents and to which they may have access or which serves or constitutes a breeding place or harborage for insects or rodents in or on any land, premises, building or other place.
It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to commit, maintain or allow any nuisance, as declared and described in this section.
It shall be unlawful for the owner or owners who have agreed to supply heat to any building designed to be occupied or occupied as a residence by more than two families, to fail to supply heat from the first day of October in each year to the first day of May of the succeeding year in such manner that the temperature of said building where one or more persons reside shall always be kept at 68° F. or above between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.
It shall be unlawful for any person to make, cause, or suffer or permit to be made or caused upon any premises owned, occupied or controlled by him or it, or upon any public street, alley or thoroughfare in this municipality, any unnecessary noises or sounds by means of the human voice or by any other means or methods which are physically annoying to persons, or which are so harsh or so prolonged or unnatural, or unusual in their use, time and place, as to occasion physical discomfort, or which are injurious to the lives, health, peace and comfort of the inhabitants of this municipality or any number thereof.
It shall be unlawful for any person to rent, lease or otherwise permit the occupancy of any building as a residence, or for any person to reside in any building as its owner, which:
Is not adequately and properly ventilated; or
Fails to provide potable water at sufficient pressure and quantity for each family unit from a public supply approved by the State Department of Health or a private supply approved by the enforcing official; or
Does not have plumbing fixtures consisting of a kitchen sink, bathtub or shower, lavatory and flush toilet connected to the potable water supply; or
Does not have facilities for the discharge of all household liquid wastes into a public sewerage system approved by the State Department of Health or into a private sewerage system approved by the enforcing official.
It shall be unlawful for any person to spit upon any public sidewalk or upon any part of the interior or exterior of any public building or public conveyance.
All places and premises in this municipality shall be subject to inspection by the Board of Health or the enforcing official if the Board or that official has reason to believe that any section of this code is being violated.
It shall be unlawful for any person to hinder, obstruct, delay, resist or prevent the Board of Health or the enforcing official from having full access to any place or premises upon which a violation of this code is believed to exist.
Whenever a nuisance as declared by § 398-9 of this Code is found on any plot of land, lot, right-of-way or any other private premises or place, notice in writing shall be given to the owner thereof to remove or abate the same within such time as shall be specified therein, but not less than five days from the date of service thereof. A duplicate of the notice shall be left with one or more of the tenants or occupants of the premises or place. If the owner resides out of the state or cannot be so notified speedily, such notice shall be left at the place or premises with the tenant or occupant thereof or posted on the premises, and such action shall be considered proper notification to the owner, tenant, or occupant thereof.
Whenever a nuisance as declared by § 398-9 of this Code is found on any public property or on any highway or any other public premises or place, notice in writing shall be given to the person in charge thereof to remove or abate the same within such time as shall be specified therein. If such person fails to comply with such notice within the time specified therein, the Board of Health may remove or abate such nuisance in the manner as hereinafter provided in the case of a like condition existing on a private premises or place.
If the owner, tenant or occupant, upon being notified as provided by this section, shall not comply with such notice within the time specified therein and fails to remove or abate such nuisance, the Board of Health shall proceed to abate the nuisance or may cause it to be removed or abated in a summary manner by such means as said Board shall deem proper.
The Board of Health may institute an action at law to recover costs incurred by it in the removal or abatement of any nuisance as declared by § 398-9 of this Code from any person who shall have caused or allowed such nuisance to exist, or from any owner, tenant or occupant of premises who, after notice and notification as herein provided, shall fail to remove and abate the same within the time specified in such notice.
The provisions of this code shall be enforced by the Board of Health or its enforcing official.