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City of Holland, MI
Ottawa County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
For the purposes of this division, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:
HOPE NEIGHBORHOOD AREA
This term shall have the same meaning as in Section 39-2 of this Code.
RENTAL UNIT
Any dwelling, dwelling unit or mobile home which is leased, made available for rental purposes, including short-term rentals, or occupied by a person(s) other than the owner (with or without monetary compensation), except:
(a) 
Places of public accommodation licensed by the City under Chapter 26 of this Code.
(b) 
Units required to be occupied by an employee or agent of an owner as a condition of employment (i.e., parsonages).
(c) 
Any dwellings, dwelling units or mobile homes which the state has exclusive authority under state law to inspect and regulate.
(d) 
The principal residence of the owner which is temporarily occupied by a person(s) other than the owner for not more than two years, other than as a short-term rental.
(e) 
Dwellings in a dormitory operated by an institution of higher education.
(f) 
Dwelling units in which an owner of such unit resides unless the nonowner-occupant(s) of such dwelling unit pay rent or make other compensation to the owner for occupancy of the dwelling unit.
(g) 
Tulip Time short-term rentals.
RESPONSIBLE PERSON
The person who is responsible for correcting all major or minor violation(s), or both, pursuant to the provisions of Section 14-4.25.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; amended Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589; 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
All dwellings and short-term rentals, as defined by this article, that are leased or otherwise made available for rental purposes shall be registered by the owner with the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services. In addition to other requirements of this chapter, short-term rentals must meet all requirements listed in Section 14-4.29.2.
[Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; amended 9-17-2014 by Ord. No. 1638]
All rental units within the City of Holland are required to have the following terms and conditions in writing and made a part of the rental agreement between owner and lessee/tenant:
(a) 
A crime-free rental agreement addendum shall be included in all residential rental agreements as follows:
CRIME FREE RENTAL AGREEMENT ADDENDUM
Notice: Michigan law establishes right and obligations for parties to rental agreements. This agreement is required to comply with the Truth in Renting Act. If you have a question about the interpretation or legality of a provision of this agreement, you may want to seek assistance from a lawyer or other qualified person.
In consideration of the rental of a dwelling unit or execution or renewal of a lease of a dwelling unit identified in the lease, Owner and Resident agree as follows:
1)
Resident, any member of the resident's household, guest or other person under the resident's control shall not engage in criminal activity, including drug-related criminal activity, on the said premises. "Drug-related criminal activity" means the illegal manufacture, sale, distribution use or possession with intent to manufacture, sell, distribute, or use of a controlled substance (other than legal possession or use of medical marihuana) or a minor in possession of alcohol.
2)
Resident, any member of the resident's household, guest or other person under the resident's control shall not engage in any act intended to facilitate criminal activity, including drug-related criminal activity.
3)
Resident or member of the household will not permit the dwelling unit to be used for, or to facilitate criminal activity, including drug-related criminal activity, regardless of whether the individual engaged in such activity is a member of the household, or a guest.
4)
Resident, any member of the resident's household or a guest, or another person under the resident's control shall not engage in the unlawful manufacturing, selling, using, storing, keeping or giving of a controlled substance at any location within the apartment complex.
5)
Resident, any member of the resident's household, guest or another person under the resident's control shall not engage in any illegal activity, including prostitution, criminal street gang activity, threatening or intimidating assault, including but not limited to the unlawful discharge of firearms, within the apartment complex or any breach of the lease agreement that otherwise jeopardizes the health, safety and welfare of the landlord, his agent or other tenant or involving imminent serious property damage.
VIOLATION OF THE ABOVE PROVISIONS SHALL BE A MATERIAL AND IRREPARABLE VIOLATION OF THE RENTAL AGREEMENT OR LEASE AND GOOD CAUSE FOR TERMINATION OF TENANCY. A single violation of any provision of this addendum shall be deemed a serious violation and a material and irreparable noncompliance. It is understood that a single violation shall be good cause for immediate termination of the lease.
In case of conflict between the provisions of this addendum and any other provisions of the lease, the provisions of the addendum shall govern. This Addendum is incorporated into the rental agreement or lease executed or renewed this day between Owner and Resident.
Resident Signature
Date
Property Manager Signature
Date
(b) 
The following statement shall be included: Maximum occupancy of the rental unit is the lesser of: i) the maximum occupancy allowed under Section 14-4.15, space requirements of the property maintenance code as calculated by square footage; or ii) a family as defined in Section 39-2.
(c) 
The following statement shall be included: Tenants shall refrain from all conduct that unreasonably disturbs other tenants or neighbors of the building. The Holland Public Safety Department is available 24 hours a day to serve the community. Tenants may be billed for the fee imposed on the owner by the City of Holland for an excessive number or disturbances or calls as prescribed in Section 14-4.27.2.
[Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; amended 9-17-2014 by Ord. No. 1638; 5-3-2017 by Ord. No. 1691]
(a) 
Should an excessive number of calls be generated by disturbances or complaints at a residentially used property or residential unit, except those properties that have a public lodging license, requiring the involvement of public safety staff or other City staff, the owner of the property shall be liable for a fee for such public safety or other City staff service on a per-occurrence basis. Domestic violence and other similar calls shall be excluded from this section.
(b) 
The fee shall be established by resolution of the City Council. The fee shall be billed to the owner by the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services.
(c) 
Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent the owner from charging the fee to tenant(s).
(d) 
For residentially used properties with four or fewer residential units, an "excessive number of calls" is defined as any of the following activities as determined by the Department of Public Safety [items (1) and (5) below] and the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services [items (2), (3), (4) and (5) below]:
(1) 
Excess of three public safety visits to a property every 12 months which result in citations for civil infractions or criminal complaints against the owner or occupants or their guests or invitees, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(2) 
Excess of four local ordinance violations every 12 months which result in direct City staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(3) 
Excess of three violations to Section 19-11 every 12 months which result in direct City staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(4) 
Excess of three violations to the Michigan statutes on landlord and tenant relationships as set forth in MCLA § 554.601 et seq., as amended from time to time, which result in direct staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner; or
(5) 
Excess of four violations to any of the activities listed above in Subsection (d)(1) through (3).
(e) 
For residentially used properties with five or more residential units, an "excessive number of calls" is defined as any of the following activities as determined by the Department of Public Safety [items (1) and (5) below] and the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services [items (2), (3), (4) and (5) below]:
(1) 
Excess of three public safety visits to a single residential unit every 12 months which result in citations for civil infractions or criminal complaints against the owner or occupants or their guests or invitees, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(2) 
Excess of four local ordinance violations at a single residential unit every 12 months which result in direct City staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(3) 
Excess of three violations to Section 19-11 every 12 months which result in direct City staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner;
(4) 
Excess of three violations to the Michigan statutes on landlord and tenant relationships as set forth in MCLA 554.601 et seq., as amended from time to time, which result in direct staff involvement to document the violation and seek remedy to the violation, provided that notice of the visits was promptly given to the owner; or
(5) 
Excess of four violations at a single residential unit to any of the activities listed above in Subsection (e)(1) through (3).
(f) 
Should excessive calls occur at a rental property the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services may suspend the annual basic housing permit for that property as well as all other annual basic housing permits in which the owner of the rental property is the same and shall promptly give notice of suspension to the owner. If the owner disputes the basis for the suspension, the owner shall appeal to the City Council within 10 days after notice of the suspension under the same procedures as set forth in Sections 17-18 through 17-20 of this Code, as amended from time to time. To have the annual basic housing permit(s) reinstated, the property owner must apply to the Board of Appeals not earlier than six months from the notice of suspension. The Board of Appeals may reinstate the annual rental permit upon determining that the violations have been addressed and remedied.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002]
(a) 
All rental dwelling units shall be registered within 30 days of occupancy by the tenant.
(b) 
All newly constructed or newly converted rental dwellings shall be registered within 30 days of the issuance of the certificate of occupancy by the City.
(c) 
A rental dwelling, which is sold, transferred or conveyed, shall be reregistered by the new owner within 30 days of the date of the deed, land contract or other instrument of conveyance.
(d) 
All existing nonrental dwellings, which are converted to rental dwellings without issuance of a certificate of occupancy, shall be registered within 30 days from the date on which the property is first occupied for rental purposes.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589; 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
The owner of a rental dwelling shall submit the following information to the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services on forms prescribed by the Department:
(a) 
The address of the rental dwelling;
(b) 
The number of rental units within the structure;
(c) 
The name, residence address, mailing address, business telephone, home telephone and date of birth of the owner;
(d) 
The name, residence address, business address and business telephone of the responsible person designated by the owner;
(e) 
The date of registration of the rental dwelling;
(f) 
The name of the person filing the registration;
(g) 
Any additional information relating to habitable rooms as required by the rules.
[Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012]
The owner of a rental unit shall furnish the name and twenty-four-hour telephone contact information of the owner and the owner's responsible agent, where applicable, annually to property owners and residents of properties immediately adjacent (to the side and rear) and across the street from the rental property.
[Added 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
In addition to other requirements of this Code, the owner of a short-term rental shall agree to, and comply with, the following conditions, and shall provide/maintain the following documents:
(a) 
A short-term rental will not be approved at a property that contains an accessory dwelling unit (ADU).
(b) 
The contact information for the owner and/or local agent shall be clearly displayed at the property and provided to all renters.
(c) 
A crime-free addendum described in Section 14-4.27.1 will be included in all rental agreements.
(d) 
Notification will be provided to all surrounding neighbors as required by Section 14-4.29.1.
(e) 
Documentation shall be provided from the owner's property insurance company stating that the property and liability insurance allows for and covers short-term rental use and claims from short-term rental occupants.
(f) 
Written confirmation that the property owner does not have an ownership interest in more than one short-term rental unit in the City of Holland.
(g) 
Written confirmation that the owner of a short-term rental unit shall include the certificate number in all advertisements.
(h) 
For an owner-occupied short-term rental the owner shall provide three documents showing that the dwelling unit is their primary residence, such as:
(1) 
100% principal residence exemption with the City Assessor's Office.
(2) 
Driver's license.
(3) 
Government-issued identification.
(4) 
Vehicle registration.
(5) 
Current voter registration card.
(6) 
Utility bill.
(7) 
Property tax bill.
(8) 
Mortgage statement.
(i) 
For owner-occupied short-term rentals, the owner shall provide written confirmation that they agree to rent one room of their dwelling unit for 365 days per calendar year, and/or the entire dwelling unit for a maximum of 60 days per calendar year.
(j) 
A nonowner-occupied short-term rental may be located as allowed by Chapter 39.
(k) 
For nonowner-occupied short-term rentals, the property owner must designate a local agent. The owner shall provide the name, residence address, business address and business telephone number of the designated local agent. This local agent shall live within 35 miles from the property and be available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to respond to and mitigate any complaints regarding the short-term rental.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002]
No registration fee shall be assessed to the owner of a rental dwelling by the City if registration complies with the provisions of this division. An administrative late charge as established by a resolution adopted by City Council per dwelling unit, boardinghouse, dormitory, or rooming house, shall be paid by the owner if registration of a rental dwelling does not comply with the provisions of this division. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002]
An owner who fails to provide correct or current registration information shall be in violation of the provisions of this division.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; Ord. No. 1367, 8-20-2003; Ord. No. 1388, 6-2-2004; Ord. No. 1503, 4-23-2008; 6-3-2015 by Ord. No. 1650; 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
(a) 
The enforcing officer may inspect buildings and structures to secure the health, safety and welfare of the occupants and of the general public and to obtain and maintain compliance with the standards of this article. The enforcing officer may inspect residential rental units, and short-term rentals, once every two years without first receiving a complaint or without other cause, and, in addition, may inspect buildings and structures under any of the following circumstances:
(1) 
Upon receipt of a complaint from an owner or occupant that the premises are in violation of this article.
(2) 
Upon receipt of a report or a referral from the Police Department, other public agency or department, or any individual indicating that the premises are in violation of this article, which report or referral is based on the personal knowledge of the person making the report or referral.
(3) 
If an exterior survey of the premises gives the enforcing officer probable cause to believe that the premises are in violation of this article.
(4) 
Upon the enforcing officer's receipt of information that a rental unit is not registered with the City as required by this article.
(5) 
As part of the rental certification program as required by Section 14-4.34 of this article.
(6) 
In order to determine compliance with a notice or a housing order issued by the City.
(7) 
If an emergency is observed or is reasonably believed to exist.
(8) 
In accordance with requirements of law where a dwelling is to be demolished by the City or where ownership is to be transferred to the City.
(9) 
Upon the request of an owner of a rental unit for an advisory inspection. Such inspections shall be performed in accordance with the provisions of Subsection (b) of this section.
(9.5) 
All accessory dwelling units shall be inspected and certified in accordance with Section 14-4.34 as if they were rental units.
(10) 
Prior to sale or transfer of any single-family dwelling or single dwelling unit within a condominium, an inspection shall be conducted in accordance with the rules as adopted by the City Council and a certificate of compliance with all smoke detector requirements shall be obtained.
a. 
The property owner shall pay an inspection fee as adopted by resolution of City Council. All fees shall be paid before a certificate will be issued.
b. 
A certificate is valid for three years from the date of issuance. A new inspection and certificate shall not be required prior to a transfer if a certificate was issued within three years prior to the transfer of title.
c. 
A certificate issued under this subsection shall only be evidence of compliance with smoke detector requirements and shall not be evidence of compliance with any other code requirements.
d. 
For purposes of this subsection only, a sale or transfer does not include a transfer:
1. 
After which the transferor retains an ownership interest in the property;
2. 
The property is transferred to a trust for the benefit of the transferor; or
3. 
The transfer is from a trust or estate to beneficiaries of the trust or estate without consideration.
e. 
All major violations cited shall be corrected prior to transfer of title.
f. 
Failure to comply with this subsection shall be deemed a municipal civil infraction by both the seller and buyer.
(11) 
Prior to operation of a Type 1 or 2 home business (as defined in Chapter 39) approved under Chapter 39 of this Code, an inspection shall be conducted of the area of a dwelling to be used for the home business together with any areas in the dwelling to be used for ingress to and egress from the area used for the home business. Should the owner or occupant move the home business to a different location in the dwelling which has not been inspected under this subsection, the owner or occupant shall obtain a new inspection. Fees for the inspection shall be paid before the owner or occupant conducts the home business. All major violations cited shall be corrected prior to conducting the home business.
(b) 
During the inspection, which shall be conducted in accordance with Section 14-4 of this article, the enforcing officer shall note any violations of this article or other provisions of this Code and shall issue a housing order notice of all violations to the responsible person in accordance with Section 14-4.2(a) and (b). The housing order shall direct the responsible person to correct violations within the time set forth in the notice. A reasonable time for correcting violations shall be determined by the enforcing officer in light of the nature of the violations and all relevant circumstances, but shall not exceed 30 days. Upon request by the responsible person, the enforcing officer may extend the time for correcting minor violations, if the enforcing officer deems such action appropriate under all relevant circumstances.
(c) 
A responsible person, who receives a housing order notice pursuant to Section 14-4.2(a) and (b) of major or minor violations, or both, shall not fail to correct those violations within the time period set forth in the notice.
[Ord. No. 1407, 3-2-2005; Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012]
(a) 
Prior to the sale of a dwelling unit in a new or rehabilitated facility for which a Neighborhood Enterprise Zone certificate is in effect, an inspection shall be made by the City to determine compliance with the Housing Property Maintenance Code of the City of Holland and a sale shall not be finalized until there is compliance with the Housing Property Maintenance Code of the City of Holland.
(b) 
The City shall be permitted to inspect the dwelling unit for which a Neighborhood Enterprise Zone certificate is in effect and shall issue a certificate of compliance if the Housing Property Maintenance Code of the City of Holland has been met. The property owner shall pay an inspection fee in an amount as determined by resolution of the City Council. All fees shall be paid before a certificate will be issued.
(c) 
For purposes of this section, a sale or transfer does not include a transfer:
(1) 
After which the transferor retains an ownership interest in the property;
(2) 
The property is transferred to a trust for the benefit of the transferor; or
(3) 
The transfer is from a trust to beneficiaries of a trust or estate without consideration.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, a sale or transfer shall be deemed to occur and this section shall apply if the property owner requires a transfer or assignment of the Neighborhood Enterprise Zone certificate.
(d) 
Any dwelling unit which constitutes a rental unit pursuant to Section 14-4.26 of the Ordinance Code of the City of Holland shall be required to comply with all requirements of [Article II,] Division 10 of Chapter 14 of the Ordinance Code of the City of Holland.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; amended Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589]
(a) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall establish a schedule of inspection fees, which shall not exceed the cost of inspecting rental units. The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall amend the fee schedule from time to time to reflect changes in the cost of inspections. The initial fee schedule and all amendments thereto shall not take effect until approved by a resolution of the City Council.
(b) 
The inspection fee shall be paid by the owner of the property, unless the inspection is based on a complaint filed by the owner for a major violation caused by the occupant, and the enforcing officer determines that such major violation does, in fact, exist. In such event, the inspection fee shall be paid by the occupant. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code.
(c) 
If the enforcing officer determines that a complaint was filed without a factual basis, the inspection fee shall be charged to the complainant.
(d) 
An administrative late charge shall be paid to the City by the person obligated to pay an inspection fee if such fee is not paid within 30 days from the billing date. The amount of the administrative late fees shall be established by the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services and shall not take effect until approved by resolution of the City Council. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; amended Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589]
(a) 
A property owner shall not lease, rent or otherwise allow a rental unit to be occupied unless the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services has issued a rental certificate of compliance or a temporary rental certificate of compliance for such rental unit. Each rental certificate of compliance or temporary rental certificate of compliance shall contain an expiration date. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code and shall be deemed a nuisance per se.
(b) 
A property owner shall not lease, rent or otherwise allow a rental unit to be occupied if the rental certificate of compliance or the temporary rental certificate of compliance for such unit has been denied, suspended, or has expired. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code and shall be deemed a nuisance per se.
(c) 
A person shall not occupy a rental unit if the enforcing officer orders that it be vacated due to major violations of this article. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code and shall be deemed a nuisance per se.
(d) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall issue a six-year rental certificate of compliance to the owner of a rental unit that is determined to be in compliance with this article. Compliance shall mean the following:
(1) 
There are no violations existing at the time of the most recent inspection;
(2) 
The enforcing officer did not discover any violations at any time since the prior rental certificate of compliance or temporary rental certificate of compliance, if any, was issued;
(3) 
The property owner has paid all inspection fees assessed against the property.
(e) 
A newly constructed rental unit may be issued a six-year rental certificate of compliance from the date of initial certificate of occupancy.
(f) 
At least 30 days before the expiration of a rental certificate of compliance, the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall notify the property owner, in writing, of the expiration date and advise the owner of the need to arrange for a compliance inspection. The property owner shall be responsible for arranging for a compliance inspection prior to the expiration date on the rental certificate of compliance. When a rental certificate of compliance is reissued in accordance with Section 14-4.36(b), it shall have a six-year or a three-year expiration date with the same month and day as shown on the previous rental certificate of compliance, regardless of the date that the new rental certificate of compliance is actually issued.
[Added 4-18-2018 by Ord. No. 1733]
(a) 
A short-term rental unit shall only be issued a three-year rental certificate of compliance.
(b) 
A certificate of compliance for a short-term rental shall only be issued under the following circumstances:
(1) 
An inspection of the property shows that it is in compliance with the provisions of this code as well as Chapters 6, 9, 11, 19, 20, 25, 27 and 39;
(2) 
There have not been three or more public safety visits in 12 months, as described in Section 14-4.27.2;
(3) 
There have not been four or more local ordinance violations in 12 months, as described in Section 14-4.27.2;
(4) 
If it is an owner-occupied short-term rental, the owner agrees to rent one room of their dwelling unit up to 365 days per year or the entire dwelling unit for not more than 60 days per year;
(5) 
The short-term rental unit is a permitted use under the zoning ordinance;
(6) 
The short-term rental is not at a property that also has an ADU;
(7) 
The property owner does not have an ownership interest in more than one short-term rental unit in the City of Holland.
(8) 
The property owner maintains compliance with these regulations.
(c) 
If the property owner wishes to maintain their property with the benefit of both long-term and short-term occupants, they shall be required to meet the additional requirements for short-term rentals, as listed above.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; amended Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589]
(a) 
When a rental certificate of compliance is required, the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services may issue a temporary rental certificate of compliance if all of the following circumstances exist:
(1) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services is unable to complete an inspection of a rental unit to verify compliance with this article prior to the expiration date of an existing rental certificate of compliance.
(2) 
The enforcing officer is not aware of any current major violations.
(3) 
The property owner has paid all inspection fees assessed against the property owner for all prior inspections of the premises.
(b) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services may issue a temporary rental certificate of compliance for a newly registered rental unit.
(c) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services may issue a temporary rental certificate of compliance for a rental unit subject to a housing order notice containing major violations if the property owner is in the process of correcting such violations and can show proof of same.
(d) 
A temporary rental certificate of compliance shall be valid until the enforcing officer completes an inspection and issues an order granting or denying a rental certificate of compliance. Said inspection shall be conducted within 60 days of the expiration date of a rental certificate of compliance, within 60 days of the registration of a new rental unit, or within 60 days of the issuance of a temporary rental certificate of compliance.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; amended Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589]
(a) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services may suspend a six-year or a three-year rental certificate of compliance for a rental unit if the responsible person fails to comply with a housing order notice issued under Section 14-4.32, or if the responsible person fails to pay any fee in accordance with Sections 14-4.33 and 14-4.37.
(b) 
In such event, the enforcing officer may placard the property and order that it be vacated in accordance with the provisions of Section 14-4.1. The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall reinstate a suspended six-year or three-year rental certificate of compliance upon a determination that all violations are corrected and upon payment of the reinspection fees. The reinstated rental certificate of compliance shall be issued for a period of not more than three years from the date of the original certificate.
(c) 
A rental certificate of compliance or a temporary rental certificate of compliance shall expire on the date stated on the certificate. Sixty days after such expiration date, no person shall occupy a rental unit unless a new rental certificate of compliance has been issued. A rental unit, which has not been previously certified, shall be deemed to have an expiration date on the date the property owner is notified to obtain certification for the rental unit.
(d) 
If the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services suspends a six-year or a three-year rental certificate of compliance, or, if a six-year or a three-year rental certificate of compliance has expired, then the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall notify the occupant(s) of the suspension or expiration. The notice shall inform the occupant(s) that he or she may pay rent into a self-established escrow account until he or she vacates the unit, the rental certificate of compliance is reinstated or renewed, or a temporary rental certificate of compliance has been issued pursuant to Section 14-4.35, whichever occurs first. This subsection shall not apply if the property owner establishes that the suspension of the rental certificate of compliance is due to violations that were caused by the occupant(s) of the rental unit. Once the rental certificate of compliance is reinstated or a temporary rental certificate of compliance has been issued, the rent shall again become due and payable in accordance with the terms of the lease or other agreement between the property owner and the occupant(s) or as determined by a court of law.
(e) 
The Department of Community and Neighborhood Services shall immediately notify the owner and occupant(s) of any decision affecting the status of a rental certificate of compliance and advise the owner and occupant(s) of their right to appeal and the procedures therefor.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002; Ord. No. 1381, 3-3-2004; Ord. No. 1577, 1-18-2012; amended 8-1-2012 by Ord. No. 1589; 9-17-2014 by Ord. No. 1638; 10-1-2014 by Ord. No. 1641]
(a) 
No property owner shall lease, rent or otherwise allow a rental unit to be occupied unless the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services has issued an annual basic housing permit for such rental unit.
(b) 
The owner of a rental unit shall pay an annual permit fee for the issuance of an annual basic housing permit by the City of Holland. The annual permit fee shall be established and the rules adopted by the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services and approved by resolution of the City Council. The annual permit fee shall be paid on or before the 10th day of December of each year. The annual permit fee shall be paid to the City Treasurer. A violation of this subsection shall be a misdemeanor subject to the penalties under Section 1-10 of the Holland City Code.
(c) 
An annual basic housing permit may be suspended by the Department of Community and Neighborhood Services or revoked by action of the City Council for violations of this Chapter 14. The procedure shall be the same as set forth in Sections 17-18 through 17-20 of this Code, as amended from time to time.
[Ord. No. 1341, 7-17-2002]
A violation of the provisions of Divisions 1 through 10 of this Article II shall be deemed a municipal civil infraction as defined under Chapter 2 of the Holland City Code, except where a violation is designated as a misdemeanor. A violation of this Article II shall also be a nuisance per se and subject to abatement as provided in Sections 1-10 through 1-10.2 or as otherwise provided in the Holland City Code. In addition to the fine and costs imposed for a violation of Divisions 1 through 10 of this Article II, the owner shall pay the administrative late charge prescribed in Section 14-4.33.