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City of Frontenac, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred (500) feet or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a Fire Department when laid down on any street or private driveway to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department Official in command.
No driver of a vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion and when such vehicles are conspicuously designated as required in this Title. This provision shall not apply at intersections where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or Police Officers.
Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand edge of the roadway as practicable and shall follow the vehicle ahead as close as is practicable and safe.
A funeral composed of a procession of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia or by such other method as may be determined and designated by the Police Department.
No funeral, procession or parade containing two hundred (200) or more persons or fifty (50) or more vehicles except the forces of the United States Army or Navy, the military forces of this State and the forces of the Police and Fire Departments, shall occupy, march or proceed along any street except in accordance with a permit issued by the Chief of Police and such other regulations as are set forth herein which may apply.
The driver of a vehicle shall not drive within any sidewalk area except on a permanent or temporary driveway.
The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic.
No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a motor vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
A. 
A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two (2) persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator.
B. 
The operator of a motorized bicycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit more than one (1) person to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized bicycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person. Any motorized bicycle designed to carry more than one (1) person must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for the use of a passenger.
A. 
No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district.
B. 
Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
C. 
No person shall ride a motorized bicycle upon a sidewalk.
A. 
No person shall operate an all-terrain vehicle, as defined in Section 300.020, upon the streets and highways of this City, except as follows:
1. 
All-terrain vehicles owned and operated by a governmental entity for official use;
2. 
All-terrain vehicles operated for agricultural purposes or industrial on-premise purposes between the official sunrise and sunset on the day of operation; or
3. 
All-terrain vehicles whose operators carry a special permit issued by this City pursuant to Section 304.013, RSMo.
B. 
No person shall operate an off-road vehicle, as defined in Section 304.001, RSMo., within any stream or river in this City, except that off-road vehicles may be operated within waterways which flow within the boundaries of land which an off-road vehicle operator owns, or for agricultural purposes within the boundaries of land which an off-road vehicle operator owns or has permission to be upon, or for the purpose of fording such stream or river of this State at such road crossings as are customary or part of the highway system. All Law Enforcement Officials or Peace Officers of this State and its political subdivisions shall enforce the provisions of this Subsection within the geographic area of their jurisdiction.
C. 
A person operating an all-terrain vehicle on a street or highway pursuant to an exception covered in this Section shall have a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, but shall not be required to have passed an examination for the operation of a motorcycle, and the vehicle shall be operated at speeds of less than thirty (30) miles per hour. When operated on a street or highway, an all-terrain vehicle shall have a bicycle safety flag, which extends not less than seven (7) feet above the ground, attached to the rear of the vehicle. The bicycle safety flag shall be triangular in shape with an area of not less than thirty (30) square inches and shall be dayglow in color.
D. 
No person shall operate an all-terrain vehicle:
1. 
In any careless way so as to endanger the person or property of another;
2. 
While under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance; or
3. 
Without a securely fastened safety helmet on the head of an individual who operates an all-terrain vehicle or who is being towed or otherwise propelled by an all-terrain vehicle, unless the individual is at least eighteen (18) years of age.
E. 
No operator of an all-terrain vehicle shall carry a passenger, except for agricultural purposes.
F. 
A violation of this Section shall be a misdemeanor.
No person riding upon any bicycle, motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself/herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access roadway except at such entrances and exits as are established by public authority.
No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone.
Every person operating a motor vehicle on the highways of this City shall drive the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner and at a rate of speed so as not to endanger the property of another or the life or limb of any person and shall exercise the highest degree of care.
A. 
Upon all public roads or highways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right-half of the roadway, except as follows:
1. 
When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction pursuant to the rules governing such movement;
2. 
When placing a vehicle in position for and when such vehicle is lawfully making a left turn in compliance with the provisions of this Title;
3. 
When the right-half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair; or
4. 
Upon a roadway designated by local ordinance as a one-way street and marked or signed for one-way traffic.
B. 
It is unlawful to drive any vehicle upon any highway or road which has been divided into two (2) or more roadways by means of a physical barrier or by means of a dividing section or delineated by curbs, lines or other markings on the roadway, except to the right of such barrier or dividing section, or to make any left turn or semi-circular or U-turn on any such divided highway, except in a cross-over or intersection.
C. 
All vehicles in motion upon a highway having two (2) or more lanes of traffic proceeding in the same direction shall be driven in the right-hand lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or when preparing to make a proper left turn or when otherwise directed by traffic markings, signs or signals.
A. 
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to the limitations and exceptions hereinafter stated:
1. 
The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle; and
2. 
Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle and shall not increase the speed of such driver's vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
B. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass to the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
1. 
When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn.
2. 
Upon a City street with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two (2) or more lines of vehicles in each direction.
3. 
Upon a one-way street.
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under the foregoing conditions when such movement may be made in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the paved or main traveled portion of the roadway. The provisions of this Subsection shall not relieve the driver of a slow-moving vehicle from the duty to drive as closely as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway.
C. 
Except when a roadway has been divided into three (3) traffic lanes, no vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the centerline of a highway or public road in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.
D. 
No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
1. 
When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve of the highway where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction.
2. 
When the view is obstructed upon approaching within one hundred (100) feet of any bridge, viaduct, tunnel or when approaching within one hundred (100) feet of or at any intersection.
A. 
No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of or turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and then only after the giving of an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein.
1. 
An operator or driver when stopping, or when checking the speed of the operator's vehicle, if the movement of other vehicles may reasonably be affected by such checking of speed, shall extend such operator's arm at an angle below horizontal so that the same may be seen in the rear of the operator's vehicle.
2. 
An operator or driver intending to turn the operator's vehicle to the right shall extend such operator's arm at an angle above horizontal so that the same may be seen in front of and in the rear of the operator's vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting highway as near as practicable to the right side of the highway along which such operator is proceeding before turning.
3. 
An operator or driver intending to turn the operator's vehicle to the left shall extend such operator's arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in the rear of the vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting highway so that the left side of the vehicle shall be as near as practicable to the centerline of the highway along which the operator is proceeding before turning.
4. 
The signals herein required shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by a signal light or signal device in good mechanical condition of a type approved by the State Highway Patrol; however, when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle then such signals shall be given by such light or device.
A. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children and whose driver has in the manner prescribed by law given the signal to stop, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus and shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion, or until signaled by its driver to proceed.
B. 
Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear thereon a plainly visible sign containing the words "School Bus" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height. Each bus shall have lettered on the rear in plain and distinct type the following: "State Law: Stop While Bus is Loading and Unloading". Each school bus subject to the provisions of Sections 304.050 to 304.070, RSMo., shall be equipped with a mechanical and electrical signaling device approved by the State Board of Education, which will display a signal plainly visible from the front and rear and indicating intention to stop.
C. 
Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a street or highway shall activate the mechanical and electrical signaling devices, in the manner prescribed by the State Board of Education, to communicate to drivers of other vehicles that students are loading or unloading. A public school district shall have the authority pursuant to this Section to adopt a policy which provides that the driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a divided highway of four or more lanes may pull off of the main roadway and load or unload students without activating the mechanical and electrical signaling devices in a manner which gives the signal for other drivers to stop and may use the amber signaling devices to alert motorists that the school bus is slowing to a stop; provided that the passengers are not required to cross any traffic lanes and also provided that the emergency flashing signal lights are activated in a manner which indicates that drivers should proceed with caution, and in such case, the driver of a vehicle may proceed past the school bus with due caution. No driver of a school bus shall take on or discharge passengers at any location upon a highway consisting of four (4) or more lanes of traffic, whether or not divided by a median or barrier, in such manner as to require the passengers to cross more than two (2) lanes of traffic; nor shall any passengers be taken on or discharged while the vehicle is upon the road or highway proper unless the vehicle so stopped is plainly visible for at least five hundred (500) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles in the case of a highway with no shoulder and a speed limit greater than sixty (60) miles per hour and at least three hundred (300) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles upon other highways, and on all highways, only for such time as is actually necessary to take on and discharge passengers.
D. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which is on a different roadway, which is proceeding in the opposite direction on a highway containing four (4) or more lanes of traffic, or which is stopped in a loading zone constituting a part of, or adjacent to, a limited or controlled access highway at a point where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.
A. 
The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has entered the intersection from a different highway, provided however, there is no form of traffic control at such intersection.
B. 
When two (2) vehicles enter an intersection from different highways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the driver of the vehicle on the right. This Subsection shall not apply to vehicles approaching each other from opposite directions when the driver of one (1) of such vehicles is attempting to or is making a left turn.
C. 
The driver of a vehicle within an intersection intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.
D. 
The driver of a vehicle intending to make a left turn into an alley, private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction when the making of such left turn would create a traffic hazard.
E. 
The City may, on any section where construction or major maintenance operations are being effected, fix a speed limit in such areas by posting of appropriate signs, and the operation of a motor vehicle in excess of such speed limit in the area so posted shall be deemed prima facie evidence of careless and imprudent driving and a violation of Section 340.160.
[CC 1991 §23-10; Ord. No. 98 §14, 12-21-1954]
It shall be unlawful for any person to board or alight from any vehicle while such vehicle is in motion.
[CC 1991 §23-8; Ord. No. 98 §15, 12-21-1954]
It shall be unlawful for any person to ride upon any portion of a motor vehicle not designed or intended for the use of passengers when such vehicle is in motion; provided however, that the provisions of this Section shall not apply to an employee engaged in the necessary discharge of a duty, or to persons riding within truck bodies in space intended for merchandise.
[CC 1991 §23-16]
It shall be unlawful for any passenger in any vehicle to ride in such a position as to interfere with the operator's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with the operator's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
[CC 1991 §23-17; Ord. No. 98 §47, 12-21-1954]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to throw or place on or upon any street of the City any tacks, nails, wires, scrap metal, glass, crockery, sharp stones or other substances injurious to the feet of persons or animals or to the tires or wheels of vehicles.
B. 
Any person who has purposely, accidentally or by reason of an accident, dropped from his/her person or any vehicle, any tacks, nails, wire, scrap metal, glass, crockery, sharp stones or other substances injurious to the feet of persons or animals, or to the tires or wheels of vehicles, including motor vehicles, upon any street shall immediately make all reasonable efforts to clear said street of the substances.
[CC 1991 §23-12; Ord. No. 98 §45, 12-21-1954]
No motor vehicle used for commercial purposes shall be operated upon any street of the City unless there is painted thereon, in a conspicuous place, a sign stating the name and address of the owner thereof, in letters at least three (3) inches high; provided however, that such sign shall not be required upon vehicles used exclusively for the conveyance of passengers.
[CC 1991 §23-78; Ord. No. 98 §29, 12-21-1954]
It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to drive the same when the vehicle is so loaded or when there is in the front seat of such vehicle such number of persons as to obstruct the view of the operator to the front or sides or to interfere with the operator's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
[CC 1991 §23-97; Ord. No. 98 §34, 12-21-1954; Ord. No. 325 §1, 4-13-1965]
A. 
No person shall operate a motor vehicle in the City so as to engage in the act of drag racing.
B. 
For the purpose of this Section, the term "drag racing" means the act of two (2) or more individuals competing or racing on any street, highway or other place open to the public in the City in a situation in which one of the motor vehicles is beside or to the rear of a motor vehicle operated by a competing driver and the one driver attempts to prevent the competing driver from passing or overtaking him/her.
[CC 1991 §23-98]
No person shall operate a motor vehicle in the City at a rate of acceleration greater than is reasonably necessary to safely enter the existing flow of traffic or obtain the maximum speed limit. Tire friction marks or squealing of tires shall be evidence of such excessive acceleration.
[CC 1991 §23-211; Ord. No. 98 §33, 12-21-1954]
No person shall leave a motor vehicle unattended on the highway without first stopping the motor, and when parked upon a perceptible grade, without turning the wheels of such vehicle to the curb or side of the roadway to prevent the vehicle from rolling into traffic.
[CC 1991 §23-14]
It shall be unlawful for any person to solicit the privilege of watching or guarding a vehicle parked on any street of the City.
[CC 1991 §23-15; Ord. No. 98 §46, 12-21-1954]
A. 
No person shall drive, operate, use or tamper with a motor vehicle or trailer without the permission of the owner thereof.
B. 
No person shall, without the permission of the owner or person in charge thereof, climb upon or into, or swing upon any motor vehicle or trailer whether the same is in motion or at rest, or sound the horn or other sound-producing device thereon, or attempt to manipulate any of the levers, starting device, brakes or machinery thereof, or set the machinery in motion.
C. 
The provisions of this Section shall apply to any person employed by the owner of such motor vehicle as a chauffeur or registered operator if the said motor vehicle is driven or operated, used or tampered with without the owner's knowledge or expressed consent, or in violation of his/her instruction.
D. 
No person shall knowingly ride in a motor vehicle which has been stolen or is being operated without the consent of the owner thereof.
[CC 1991 §23-125]
The driver of a vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonably safe and prudent, having due regard for the speed of either or both of such vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the roadway. Vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be so operated, except in a funeral procession or in a duly authorized parade, so as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles as to enable any other vehicle to overtake or pass such vehicles in safety. This Section shall in no manner affect Section 304.044, RSMo., relating to distance between trucks traveling on the highway.
[Ord. No. 1102 §§1 — 2, 10-21-1997]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any motor vehicle to enter onto or to exit from that portion of Geyer Road lying between Countryside Lane on the south and Chipper Road on the north, except when exiting from or entering on to a presently established and utilized, paved or otherwise improved, private or public, driveway or roadway.
B. 
Any person or entity violating any provision of Subsection (A) shall be fined not less than five dollars ($5.00) nor more than two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) for each offense.
[Ord. No. 2001-1193 §1, 5-15-2001]
A. 
Use Prohibited. No person who does not both possess a valid Missouri driver's license and who is not wearing a safety helmet may operate or ride a motor scooter anywhere within the City limits of the City of Frontenac except on privately owned residential property with the consent of the owner of that property. Nothing herein contained shall permit or allow the operation of motor scooters by one who does not both possess a valid Missouri driver's license and who is not wearing a safety helmet on any roadway, inclusive of the berm and shoulder, residential street, whether publicly or privately owned, right-of-way, easement, sidewalk or parking lot.
B. 
Responsibility Of Parent. No parent, guardian or other adult person having the care or custody of a minor shall fail to exercise customary and effective control over that minor so as to contribute to, cause or tend to cause that minor to violate the above Subsection (A) of this Section.
C. 
Notice To Parent. Whenever a minor shall be cited for a violation of the above Subsection (A) of this Section, the Police Department shall, as soon as practicable thereafter, deliver written notice to the minor's parent or guardian of that minor's violation of the above Subsection (A) of this Section. Such notice shall advise the parent or guardian of his/her responsibility under the above Subsection (B) of this Section. The notice shall be in such a form as to be signed by the minor's notified parent, signifying receipt thereof. If the parent or guardian refuses to sign said notice, the notifying Police Officer shall indicate such refusal.
D. 
Accountability Of Parent. Written notice as defined in Subsection (C) of this Section shall be prima facie evidence of that parent's or guardian's failure to exercise customary and effective control over that minor so as to contribute to, cause or tend to cause that minor to violate the above Subsection (A) of this Section, if that minor commits a second (2nd) or successive violation of Subsection (A) of this Section.
[Ord. No. 2001-1194 §1, 5-15-2001]
A. 
Use Prohibited-Exceptions. No person may operate or ride a motorized cart anywhere within the City limits of the City of Frontenac except on privately owned residential property with the consent of the owner of that property. Nothing herein contained shall permit or allow the operation of motorized cart on any roadway, inclusive of the berm and shoulder, residential street, whether publicly or privately owned, right-of-way, easement, sidewalk or parking lot. Nothing shall prevent the City of Frontenac from consenting to the operation or use of motorized carts by persons with physical disabilities.
B. 
Responsibility Of Parent. No parent, guardian or other adult person having the care or custody of a minor shall fail to exercise customary and effective control over that minor so as to contribute to, cause or tend to cause that minor to violate the above Subsection (A) of this Section.
C. 
Notice To Parent. Whenever a minor shall be cited for a violation of the above Subsection (A) of this Section, the Police Department shall, as soon as practicable thereafter, deliver written notice to the minor's parent or guardian of that minor's violation of the above Subsection (A) of this Section. Such notice shall advise the parent or guardian of his/her responsibility under the above Subsection (B) of this Section. The notice shall be in such a form as to be signed by the minor's notified parent, signifying receipt thereof. If the parent or guardian refuses to sign said notice, the notifying Police Officer shall indicate such refusal.
D. 
Accountability Of Parent. Written notice as defined in Subsection (C) of this Section shall be prima facie evidence of that parent's or guardian's failure to exercise customary and effective control over that minor so as to contribute to, cause or tend to cause that minor to violate the above Subsection (A) of this Section, if that minor commits a second (2nd) or successive violation of Subsection (A) of this Section.
[Ord. No. 2005-1479 §1, 12-20-2005]
A. 
Use Prohibited. No person shall operate a truck or a commercial vehicle upon Clayton Road, Conway Road, Geyer Road or Spoede Road in the City except when making deliveries, making pickups or providing services within the City limits.
B. 
For the purposes of this Section, trucks and commercial vehicles shall include:
1. 
All vehicles which fall under the definition tractor-trailer, that is, having a tractor designed for drawing other vehicles and a trailer without any motor power designed for carrying property on its own structure.
2. 
All vehicles, except recreational vehicles, which have a tandem axle, that is, a group of two (2) or more axles arranged one (1) behind another.
3. 
All vehicles which have a dump type bed.
4. 
All motorized construction equipment.
5. 
All vehicles that exceed either eight (8) feet in height or twenty (20) feet in length.
6. 
All vehicles licensed for thirteen thousand (13,000) pounds gross vehicle weight or more.
7. 
The provisions of Subsection (B)(1) through (B)(6) shall not apply to those vehicles licensed to provide passenger transportation services.