Borough of Wood-Ridge, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
The restrictions and controls intended to regulate construction and use of buildings and structures in each zoning district are set forth in the district use regulations in Article II and in the attached Schedule of Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements, hereby declared to be a part of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: The Schedule of Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements is included as an attachment to this chapter.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
No building or structure shall hereafter be erected, altered, converted, enlarged or reduced wholly or in part, except in conformity with this chapter.
Where a lot is formed from a part of a lot already occupied by a building, such subdivision shall be effected in such a manner as not to impair any of the requirements of this chapter with respect to the existing building and all yards and other open space in connection therewith and so that all resulting lots have adequate dimensions consistent with the requirements of the zone wherein they are located and so that all lots have frontage on a street.
A. 
In particular, water supply and waste disposal regulations of the Borough of Wood-Ridge Board of Health and the State Department of Environmental Protection shall be adhered to.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 580, Sanitation.
B. 
Further, no building permit shall be issued until approval is obtained from the local Board of Health and from the Department of Environmental Protection, where required, if requested.
Any use not specifically designated as a principal permitted use, an accessory use or any conditional use is specifically prohibited from any zone district in the Borough.
All principal buildings in all districts shall be clearly identified as to street number or other identification, such as post office number, by means of a small unobstructed sign clearly visible and legible from the main abutting street.
Nothing in this chapter shall require any change in the plans, construction, size or designated use of any building, structure or part thereof for which any building permit has been granted before August 19, 1982, provided that construction from such plans shall have been started within 60 days after August 19, 1982, and shall be diligently pursued to completion.
Except as specified in § 530-34, any use, building or structure existing on August 19, 1982, may be continued, even though such use, building or structure may not conform to the provisions of this chapter within the district in which it is located.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16; 8-8-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-18; 9-18-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-12]
A. 
No wall or fence of any type shall be permitted in any front yard or within 25 feet of the front property line.
[Amended 6-16-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-12]
B. 
A wall or fence erected along the front lines of a main structure or along the side lines from the front line of a main structure to the rear line of such main structure and within such lines shall not exceed four feet in height. The setback of any such wall or fence shall be in line with the furthest setback of the adjacent property or the property upon which the fence is being erected, whichever setback is greater.
C. 
A wall or fence erected along the side lines from the rear line of a main structure to the rear property line and along said rear property line and within such lines shall not exceed six feet in height and not be of solid construction. A stockade fence is hereby deemed to be of solid construction.
D. 
A wall or fence erected on any corner lot shall conform to the fence requirements for the adjoining lot and shall be in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
E. 
No permit shall be issued for the construction of any fence, the apparent purpose of which is to obstruct light and air in relation to adjoining property or for any fence which shall constitute a hazard, including but not limited to spike-type, barbwire and electrical fences.
F. 
The finish side of a wall or fence, as determined by the Zoning Officer, shall face toward the direction of the adjoining properties.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
All lots being filled shall be filled with clean fill or topsoil to allow complete surface draining of the lot into local storm sewer systems or natural drainage rights-of-way. No construction, alteration or rearrangement shall be permitted which creates or aggravates water stagnation or a drainage problem on adjacent properties.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16; 9-12-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-24]
Except as otherwise provided in this section, the lawful use of land, buildings or structures existing on November 13, 1936, may be continued, although such use does not conform to the regulations specified by this chapter for the zone in which the land, buildings or structures are located, provided that no existing building, structure or lot devoted to a use not permitted by this chapter in the district in which the land, buildings or structures are located shall be enlarged, extended, constructed, reconstructed, substituted, relocated, erected, converted to another use or substantially altered, except in conformity with the regulations of this chapter for the district in which the land, buildings or structures are located, except as allowed in Article III. Also, land on which a nonconforming building is located shall not be reduced in size, nor shall any lot already nonconforming be made more nonconforming in any manner.
A. 
Abandonment. A nonconforming use or structure shall be considered abandoned if the nonconforming use is terminated by the owner or tenant. If the owner or tenant shall fail to use the property for a period of 12 consecutive months, this shall be presumptive evidence of abandonment, and thereafter the building, structure or land shall not be used in a nonconforming manner.
B. 
Conversion to permitted use. Any nonconforming building or use which has been changed to a conforming building or use shall not be changed back again into a nonconforming building or use.
C. 
Restoration. Any nonconforming building or use which has been damaged by fire, explosion, flood, windstorm or other acts of God shall be examined by the Construction Code Official to determine whether the building has been substantially destroyed. If in the opinion of the Construction Code Official the building has been substantially destroyed, the building or use shall be considered completely destroyed and may be rebuilt only upon approval of a use variance or such other variance as is provided by state statutes and this chapter.
D. 
Repairs and maintenance. Such repairs and maintenance work as required to keep a building in sound condition may be made to a nonconforming building or structure.
E. 
Sale of nonconforming uses. Any nonconforming use may change ownership and continue to function as a nonconforming use, provided that the other provisions of this section are met.
A. 
Private residential swimming pools shall adhere to the following standards:
[Amended 8-8-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-18; 9-11-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-10]
(1) 
No pool shall be constructed or installed on any lot unless the lot shall contain a residence building. All pools shall conform to the front yard requirements for the principal building in the district in which they are located.
(2) 
Pools shall occupy no more than the equivalent of 75% of the yard area in which they are located.
(3) 
No edge of any pool and/or attached decking or platform shall be closer to any lot line than six feet.
(4) 
In the case of a corner lot, a permanent private swimming pool shall not be constructed, erected, installed or maintained closer to the side street line than the prevailing setback line of the street.
(5) 
The pool may be lighted by underwater or exterior lights or both, provided that all exterior lights are located so that the light is neither direct nor reflected upon adjacent properties in such a manner as to be a nuisance or an annoyance to neighborhood properties. Underwater lighting shall be in compliance with the applicable National Electrical Code.
(6) 
In-ground pools shall be completely surrounded by a barrier a minimum of four feet in height. Such areas shall have self-closing and self-latching gates. The objective of this provision is as a health and safety precaution to prevent small children from accidentally entering pools. The barrier shall meet the requirements of the Uniform Construction Code.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 249, Construction Codes, Uniform.
(7) 
No public amplifying system shall be used with a private residential swimming pool.
B. 
Public swimming pools or club pools intended for open use of the public or to club members shall adhere to the following standards:
(1) 
Pools shall be located within a lot area of a minimum of two acres. Within such area may also be located clubhouses, locker rooms, open space, terraces, recreational uses, refreshment stands, cabanas and similar associated uses.
(2) 
The pool shall occupy no more than 8% of the lot area. The area shall include total water surface, including separate wading pools, swimming tanks and diving tanks.
(3) 
No edge of any pool or separate swimming tank shall be closer to any property line than 50 feet.
(4) 
The pool shall be enclosed with a fence or, in lieu thereof, located on a terrace, or landscaped or surrounded by structures, or any combination of the above or similar techniques, in order to control access to the immediate pool area.
(5) 
The pool shall be lighted both internally and externally, but in no case shall any light be directed in a direct or indirect fashion upon any adjacent property. All freestanding standards used for exterior lighting shall not exceed 15 feet in height and shall be no closer than 10 feet to the edge of any pool. All lighting shall be in compliance with the applicable National Electrical Code.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 249, Construction Codes, Uniform.
(6) 
All pools shall be constructed below the surface of the ground, except that nothing shall prohibit pool areas from being terraced on hill locations.
(7) 
All pools shall be landscaped to effectively screen the view of the pool from neighboring properties.
(8) 
All loudspeakers or public address systems shall be located in the immediate area of the pool and shall be directed so that the speakers are not directly aimed at any adjacent residential buildings.
(9) 
One off-street parking space shall be provided for every 30 square feet of water surface. Such parking facilities may be included with other parking areas associated with clubhouses, other recreational uses and similar uses as part of a total site plan.
C. 
All pools referred to in Subsections A and B of this section shall have all the areas surrounding the pool made and kept neat and attractive so as to be in conformity with surrounding property, and no rubbish, debris or litter shall be permitted to remain or accumulate in or about the pool.
D. 
Water-filtration pumps and/or enclosed water heaters shall be situated no closer than three feet to a side or rear yard property line and shall be suitably landscaped with dense plantings or shielded by opaque wooden fencing to buffer pump noise from adjoining property owners.
[Added 8-18-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-13]
No open space provided around any principal building for the purposes of complying with the front, side, rear or other yard provisions of this chapter shall be considered as providing open space for meeting the same requirements for another principal building.
In any zone, no building may be erected on a nonconforming lot of official record at the effective date of this chapter without a variance being issued.
A. 
At all street intersections, no obstruction exceeding 30 inches in height above the established grade of the street at the property line, other than an existing building post, column or tree, shall be erected or maintained on any lot within the area bounded by the line drawn between points along such street lot lines 25 feet distant from their intersection.
B. 
The determination of the front yard of a corner lot shall be at the option of the owner or developer and shall be so designated on all maps and official records.
C. 
In R-1 and R-2 Zones, once the front yard is selected pursuant to Subsection B above, any remaining side-yard setback fronting a public street shall be equal to the prevailing average setback of all structures along such block or 12 feet, whichever is less.
[Added 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16; amended 9-15-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-17]
D. 
In all zones other than R-1 and R-2, the setbacks on all yards fronting on a public street shall be in accordance with the Schedule of Area, Bulk and Yard Requirements or the prevailing setbacks of all structures along that block, whichever is greater.
[Added 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
The area or dimensions of any zone lot, yard, parking area or other space shall not be reduced to less than the minimum required by this chapter, and if already existing as less than the minimum required by this chapter, said area or dimension may be continued and shall not be further reduced.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
Every principal building shall be built upon a lot with frontage upon an improved and approved street in accordance with the street standards established by the Borough of Wood-Ridge.
For any zone lot which is located in more than one zone district, which districts differ in character by permitting residential, commercial or industrial uses, all yard, bulk and other requirements shall be measured from the zone boundary line and not the true lot line.
A. 
General regulations.
(1) 
Required yards shall be open to the sky, unobstructed except for the ordinary projection of parapets, windowsills, doorposts, rainwater leaders and similar ornamental or structural fixtures, which may not project more than six inches into such yards.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former subsection (2), pertaining to cornices and eaves, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
(2) 
Chimneys or flues may be erected within any yard, provided that they do not exceed 7 1/2 square feet in aggregate external area in residential zones and nine square feet in all other zones.
(3) 
Cantilevers shall be permitted on the second level of a residence only, and the same may encroach into the required front and rear yards to a maximum of two feet. Cantilevers may not encroach into the required side yard.
[Added 2-8-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-9[2]]
[2]
Editor's Note: Section 1 of this ordinance also provided as follows: "Purpose: To establish requirements to prevent the overdevelopment and overutilization of single-family residential properties in Wood-Ridge as well as advance the purpose of zoning relative to providing adequate light, air, open space, and a desirable visual environment."
(4) 
On corner lots, air-conditioning equipment and/or units shall be permitted in the side yard of the property fronting the street. Said equipment and/or unit shall be concealed and/or buffered by suitable landscaping and/or other comparable materials.
[Added 9-15-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-17]
B. 
Front yard requirements affected by Official Map. Where any lot shall front on a street right-of-way which is proposed to be widened as indicated on the Official Map of the Borough of Wood-Ridge, the front yard and the front or side yard of a corner lot in such districts shall be measured from such proposed right-of-way line.
C. 
Architectural features. Certain architectural features may project into required yards as follows:
(1) 
Cornices, canopies, eaves, bay windows, balconies, fireplaces, and chimneys and other similar architectural features may project a distance not to exceed two feet.
[Amended 4-7-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-4[3]]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
(2) 
Patios may be located in any side or rear yard, provided that they are not closer than five feet to any property line.
(3) 
Self-supporting walls and fences may project into any required yard, provided that any accessory retaining wall or fence is not higher than six feet in height and shall not obstruct automobile vision. The sight triangle requirements shall also apply where applicable.
(4) 
Uncovered stairways and necessary landings may project a distance not to exceed 42 inches.
[Added 4-7-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-4]
(5) 
Decks are permitted as provided for in § 530-52.
[Added 9-15-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-19]
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16]
Any portion of the roof structure above that which is used in measuring the height of a building, as defined in Article I, § 530-4, as well as penthouses or roof structures for the housing of elevators, stairways, tanks, ventilating fans, air-conditioning equipment or similar equipment required to operate and maintain the building and fire or parapet walls, skylights, towers, spires, cupolas, steeples, flagpoles, chimneys, smokestacks, monuments, water tanks, silos or similar structures may be erected above the height limits prescribed by this chapter but in no case more than 25% more than the maximum height permitted in the district, except that spires, steeples, silos, water towers and radio and television towers shall not exceed 50 feet in height above the ground level. In addition, all structures are subject to regulations of the Federal Aviation Administration. The provisions of this section shall not apply to satellite or dish antennas.
A. 
Whenever title to two or more contiguous lots is held by the same owner, regardless of whether or not each of the lots may have been approved as portions of a major subdivision or acquired by separate conveyance or by other operation of law, and one or more of the individual lots should, by reason of exceptional narrowness, shallowness, topographical conditions, substandard area or yard space, not conform to the minimum lot area and dimension requirements for the zone in which it is located, the contiguous lots of the owner, for the purposes of this chapter, shall be considered as a single lot, and the provisions of this chapter shall hold.
B. 
Whenever land has been dedicated or conveyed to the Borough by a lot owner to meet the minimum street width requirement of Chapter 335, Land Subdivision and Site Plan Review, or to implement the Official Map or Master Plan of the Borough, the Construction Code Official shall issue building permits and certificates of occupancy for the lot whose depth or areas are rendered substandard in area only because of such dedication and where the owner has no other adjacent lands to provide the minimum requirements.
[Amended 10-20-1986 by Ord. No. 86-16[1]]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
[Amended 3-20-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-4]
With the exception of a hotel complex consisting of one or more buildings, no more than one principal use shall be permitted on one lot.
[Amended 10-16-1995 by Ord. No. 95-15]
In all districts except R-1 and R-2, the outdoor display and/or storage of any goods, products or materials is prohibited.
Within any one-family residential zone, any existing building used for one-family residence purposes may be extended, altered or added to along the existing side building lines, notwithstanding that such extension, alteration or addition does not comply with the minimum one-family residential zone side yard requirement, provided that the extensions, alterations or additions shall not diminish the existing side yard space and shall comply with the one-family residential zone requirements for front yards, rear yards and size and height of buildings and other structures.
Portable structures, mobile homes, temporary trailers, temporary classrooms, campers and other recreational vehicles, while used as meeting halls, meeting rooms and offices or while in use as living quarters, dwellings or sleeping places, are specifically prohibited in all zones. Mobile homes, campers and other recreational vehicles normally used as living quarters and sleeping places may be stored on the private property of the owner of such vehicle in a residential zone. Where the storage or parking of such a vehicle obstructs the light, air or view of a neighbor, the Construction Code Official may require the vehicle to be parked or stored in another location on the property or in a different manner. Nothing herein shall prohibit the use of such vehicles as temporary field offices on construction sites.
The storage of gasoline in pumps, tanks, cans or any other vessel or storage facility which exceeds five gallons is prohibited in all residential zones.
[Added 10-14-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-11; amended 3-9-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-1]
The floor area ratio as defined in § 530-4, in Subsection (3) of the definition of "floor area," for all one- and two-family residential districts shall not be greater than 0.55. (For example, a building containing 2,750 square feet of building floor area on a lot of 5,000 square feet has a floor area ratio of 0.55.)
[Added 6-17-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-9]
Hotels and related facilities in the GB Zone shall be subject to the following regulations.
A. 
Parking structures shall be permitted as follows:
(1) 
Maximum height: 50 feet above grade, excluding elevator towers, stairways and other similar structures, plus any architectural features designed to aesthetically enhance these elements shall be permitted to extend a maximum of 10 feet above the permitted height.
(2) 
A zero-front-yard setback is permitted, provided the design incorporates a facade element to aesthetically enhance the visual impression of the garage; otherwise, a ten-foot front-yard setback is required, with landscaping along the front facade.
(3) 
A minimum five-foot side-yard setback is required.
(4) 
Minimum parking space dimension, ninety-degree angle: 8.5 feet in width by 18 feet in length.
(5) 
Minimum parking space dimension, sixty-degree angle: 8.5 feet in width by 16 feet in length.
(6) 
Attendant/valet parking minimum space dimension: seven feet in width by 16 feet in depth.
B. 
The submission of a traffic study, as part of the application, to determine the adequacy of proposed circulation and parking. If another use is located at the site, a parking study shall be submitted to demonstrate that any shared and/or valet parking arrangement will be adequate to serve the proposed development.
C. 
The submission of a landscaping and lighting plan prepared by a state-certified landscape architect, as part of the application, which specifically considers the proximity to Route 17 and any unique topographic conditions.
D. 
The submission of a market analysis and feasibility study, as part of the application, prepared by a qualified professional, demonstrating that the hotel can attain a satisfactory occupancy rate within two years of the completion of construction.
[Added 8-8-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-16]
A. 
Attached to principal structure.
[Amended 10-20-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-20]
(1) 
Deck flooring shall not exceed the height of the first floor or four feet, whichever is less.
(2) 
Deck railing shall not exceed the maximum height of the railing required by the Uniform Construction Code.
(3) 
Side yard setbacks shall be a minimum of six feet, including stairs, regardless of the principal structure side-yard setback.
(4) 
The rear-yard setback shall be a minimum of 14 feet, including stairs, regardless of the principal structure rear-yard setback.
(5) 
No permanent roofing structure will be permitted over decks, except that retractable awnings shall be permitted.
B. 
Not attached to principal structure.
(1) 
Shall not be permitted unless used in conjunction with an aboveground pool.
(2) 
Decking around an aboveground swimming pool shall not exceed the height of the swimming pool.
(3) 
Decking around a swimming pool shall be considered part of the swimming pool for required yard clearances and/or requirements.